Ironman World Championship

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The Ironman World Championship has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978, with an additional race in 1982. It is owned and organized by the World Triathlon Corporation. It is the annual culmination of a series of Ironman triathlon qualification races held throughout the world.

Hawaii U.S. state in the United States

Hawaii is a state of the United States of America. It is the only state located in the Pacific Ocean and the only state composed entirely of islands.

World Triathlon Corporation Triathlon Federation which organizes and licenses worldwide various triathlon events

The World Triathlon Corporation (WTC) is a sports event promotion company owned by Chinese conglomerate Wanda Group, that produces the Ironman Triathlon, Ironman 70.3, the 5150 series of triathlon races, and other sports events. WTC owns "Ironman"−related trademarks.

Contents

Swim start, 15 October 2005 US Navy 051015-N-9419C-004 Almost 2,000 triathletes begin the 2.4-mile swim at the Ironman World Championship triathlon, held in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii.jpg
Swim start, 15 October 2005

History

From 1978 through 1980 the race was held on the island of Oahu, the course combining that of three events already held there: the Waikiki Roughwater Swim (2.4 mi./3.86 km), the Around-Oahu Bike Race (115 mi./185.07 km, originally a two-day event), and the Honolulu Marathon. The bike stage was reduced by 3 miles to link it to the start of the marathon course. In 1981 the race was moved to the less urbanized Big Island, keeping the distances the same: a 2.4 miles (3.86 km) open water swim in Kailua-Kona Bay, a 112 miles (180.25 km) bike ride across the Hawaiian lava desert to Hāwī and back, and a marathon (26 miles 385 yards, 42.195 km) run along the coast of the Big Island from Keauhou to Keahole Point and back to Kailua-Kona, finishing on Aliʻi Drive.

Oahu The third-largest of the Hawaiian Islands and site of the state capital Honolulu

Oʻahu anglicized Oahu, known as "The Gathering Place", is the third-largest of the Hawaiian Islands. It is home to roughly one million people—about two-thirds of the population of the U.S. state of Hawaii. The state capital, Honolulu, is on Oʻahu's southeast coast. Including small associated islands such as Ford Island and the islands in Kāneʻohe Bay and off the eastern (windward) coast, its area is 596.7 square miles (1,545.4 km2), making it the 20th-largest island in the United States.

Waikiki Neighborhood of Honolulu in Hawaii, United States

Waikiki is a neighborhood of Honolulu on the south shore of the island of Oʻahu in the U.S. state of Hawaii.

The Honolulu Marathon is a major 26.2-mile (42.2 km) marathon in Honolulu, Hawaii. It is one of the world's largest marathons, taking place annually on the second Sunday in December. The marathon is popular for its exotic location in Hawaii, and is also popular among first-time marathoners, many of whom are visitors from Japan.

Since 1982, the race has been held in the fall each year, before which it was held in the spring, giving two races in 1982. The most recent Ironman World Championship took place on 12 October 2019. Qualifying for the World Championship is achieved through placement in one of the other Ironman races or some Ironman 70.3 races. For the 2017 event there were 40 qualifying Ironman races and 4 at the 70.3 distance [1] .

An Ironman 70.3, also known as a Half Ironman, is one of a series of long-distance triathlon races organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC). The "70.3" refers to the total distance in miles (113.0 km) covered in the race, consisting of a 1.2-mile (1.9 km) swim, a 56-mile (90 km) bike ride, and a 13.1-mile (21.1 km) run. Each distance of the swim, bike, and run segments is half the distance of that segment in an Ironman Triathlon. The Ironman 70.3 series culminates each year with a World Championship competition, for which competitors qualify during the 70.3 series in the 12 months prior to the championship race. In addition to the World Championship race, Ironman 70.3 championship competitions are also held for the European, Asia-Pacific, and Latin America regions.

The current Ironman Hawaii course record was set in 2019 by Jan Frodeno (Germany), whose winning time was 7 hrs 51 min 13 sec. The women's course record is 8 hrs 26 mins 18 sec, set in 2018 by Daniela Ryf (Switzerland) [2] .

Jan Frodeno triathlete

Jan Frodeno is a German triathlete. He is the gold medal winner in men's triathlon at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, 3-time winner of the Ironman World Championship in 2015, 2016, and 2019, and 2-time winner of the Ironman 70.3 World Championship in 2015 and 2018. He is the world record holder for the long distance, set in Roth, Germany in 2016 with 7:35:39 hours.

Daniela Ryf Swiss triathlete

Daniela Ryf is a Swiss triathlete. She is the titles holder of the Ironman World Championship of 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018; and of the Ironman 70.3 World Championship of the 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018, and 2019.

Athletes with disabilities compete in the event in the physically challenged category, which was instituted in 1997, and are required to meet the same cutoff times as able bodied competitors. Australian John Maclean was the first physically challenged athlete to complete the event. [3]

John Maclean (sportsperson) Australian triathlete, rower and motivational speaker

John Alexander Maclean, OAM is an Australian triathlete, rower, and motivational speaker. A promising rugby league player in his youth, he became a paraplegic after being knocked from his bicycle by a truck in 1988. He subsequently became the first paraplegic to finish the Ironman World Championship and the first to swim the English Channel. Later, he was part of the athletics team at both the Olympics and Paralympics in 2000, and won a silver medal in rowing at the 2008 Beijing Paralympics. In 2014, he completed the Nepean Triathlon without using a wheelchair, after regaining some use of his legs through Ware K Tremor therapy. He is the founder of the John Maclean Foundation, which assists wheelchair users under the age of 18. As a motivational speaker, his clients have included eBay and Pfizer.

Course records

Men

EventRecordSpeedAthleteNationalityEditionRef
Full Course7:51:13
(47:31-1:58-4:16:03-2:59-2:42:43)
28.82 km/h Jan Frodeno Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2019
Swim (3.862 km)46:291:12 min/100 m Jan Sibbersen Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2018 [4] [5]
Bike (180.246 km)4:09:0643.42 km/h Cameron Wurf Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 2018 [6] [7]
Run (42.195 km)2:39:4515.85 km/h Patrick Lange Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2016 [8] [9]

Women

EventRecordSpeedAthleteNationalityEditionRef
Full Course8:26:18
(57:27-3:22-4:26:07-2:17-2:57:05)
26.82 km/h Daniela Ryf Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 2018 [10]
Swim (3.862 km)48:141:14 min/100 m Lucy Charles Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 2018 [11]
Bike (180.246 km)4:26:0740.64 km/h Daniela Ryf Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 2018 [12]
Run (42.195 km)2:50:2614.85 km/h Mirinda Carfrae Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 2014 [13]

Medalists

Men

YearGoldTimeSilverTimeBronzeTime
2019 Flag of Germany.svg  Jan Frodeno  (GER)7:51:13Flag of the United States.svg  Tim O'Donnell  (USA)7:59:40Flag of Germany.svg  Sebastian Kienle  (GER)8:02:04
2018 Flag of Germany.svg  Patrick Lange  (GER)7:52:39Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Bart Aernouts  (BEL)7:56:41Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  David McNamee  (GBR)8:01:09
2017 Flag of Germany.svg  Patrick Lange  (GER)8:01:40Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Lionel Sanders  (CAN)8:04:07Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  David McNamee  (GBR)8:07:11
2016 Flag of Germany.svg  Jan Frodeno  (GER)8:06:30Flag of Germany.svg  Sebastian Kienle  (GER)8:10:02Flag of Germany.svg  Patrick Lange  (GER)8:11:14
2015 Flag of Germany.svg  Jan Frodeno  (GER)8:14:40Flag of Germany.svg  Andreas Raelert  (GER)8:17:43Flag of the United States.svg  Timothy O'Donnell  (USA)8:18:50
2014 Flag of Germany.svg  Sebastian Kienle  (GER)8:14:18Flag of the United States.svg  Ben Hoffman  (USA)8:19:23Flag of Germany.svg  Jan Frodeno  (GER)8:20:32
2013 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Frederik Van Lierde  (BEL)8:12:29Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Luke McKenzie  (AUS)8:15:19Flag of Germany.svg  Sebastian Kienle  (GER)8:19:24
2012 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Pete Jacobs  (AUS)8:18:37Flag of Germany.svg  Andreas Raelert  (GER)8:23:40Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Frederik Van Lierde  (BEL)8:24:09
2011 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Craig Alexander  (AUS)8:03:56Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Pete Jacobs  (AUS)8:09:11Flag of Germany.svg  Andreas Raelert  (GER)8:11:07
2010 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Chris McCormack  (AUS)8:10:37Flag of Germany.svg  Andreas Raelert  (GER)8:12:17Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Marino Vanhoenacker  (BEL)8:13:14
2009 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Craig Alexander  (AUS)8:20:21Flag of the United States.svg  Chris Lieto  (USA)8:22:56Flag of Germany.svg  Andreas Raelert  (GER)8:24:32
2008 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Craig Alexander  (AUS)8:17:45Flag of Spain.svg  Eneko Llanos  (ESP)8:20:50Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Rutger Beke  (BEL)8:21:23
2007 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Chris McCormack  (AUS)8:15:34Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Craig Alexander  (AUS)8:19:04Flag of Denmark.svg  Torbjørn Sindballe  (DEN)8:21:30
2006 Flag of Germany.svg  Normann Stadler  (GER)8:11:58Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Chris McCormack  (AUS)8:13:10Flag of Germany.svg  Faris Al-Sultan  (GER)8:19:05
2005 Flag of Germany.svg  Faris Al-Sultan  (GER)8:14:17Flag of New Zealand.svg  Cameron Brown  (NZL)8:19:36Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Peter Reid  (CAN)8:20:04
2004 Flag of Germany.svg  Normann Stadler  (GER)8:33:29Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Peter Reid  (CAN)8:43:40Flag of Germany.svg  Faris Al-Sultan  (GER)8:45:14
2003 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Peter Reid  (CAN)8:22:35Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Rutger Beke  (BEL)8:28:27Flag of New Zealand.svg  Cameron Brown  (NZL)8:30:08
2002 Flag of the United States.svg  Tim DeBoom  (USA)8:29:56Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Peter Reid  (CAN)8:33:06Flag of New Zealand.svg  Cameron Brown  (NZL)8:35:34
2001 Flag of the United States.svg  Tim DeBoom  (USA)8:31:18Flag of New Zealand.svg  Cameron Brown  (NZL)8:46:10Flag of Germany.svg  Thomas Hellriegel  (GER)8:47:40
2000 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Peter Reid  (CAN)8:21:01Flag of the United States.svg  Tim DeBoom  (USA)8:23:10Flag of Germany.svg  Normann Stadler  (GER)8:26:45
1999 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Luc Van Lierde  (BEL)8:17:17Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Peter Reid  (CAN)8:22:54Flag of the United States.svg  Tim DeBoom  (USA)8:25:42
1998 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Peter Reid  (CAN)8:24:20Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Luc Van Lierde  (BEL)8:31:57Flag of Germany.svg  Lothar Leder  (GER)8:32:57
1997 Flag of Germany.svg  Thomas Hellriegel  (GER)8:33:01Flag of Germany.svg  Jürgen Zäck  (GER)8:39:18Flag of Germany.svg  Lothar Leder  (GER)8:40:30
1996 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Luc Van Lierde  (BEL)8:04:08Flag of Germany.svg  Thomas Hellriegel  (GER)8:06:07Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Greg Welch  (AUS)8:18:57
1995 Flag of the United States.svg  Mark Allen  (USA)8:20:34Flag of Germany.svg  Thomas Hellriegel  (GER)8:22:59Flag of Germany.svg  Rainer Müller-Hörner  (GER)8:25:23
1994 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Greg Welch  (AUS)8:20:27Flag of the United States.svg  Dave Scott  (USA)8:24:32Flag of the United States.svg  Jeff Devlin  (USA)8:31:56
1993 Flag of the United States.svg  Mark Allen  (USA)8:07:45Flag of Finland.svg  Pauli Kiuru  (FIN)8:14:27Flag of Germany.svg  Wolfgang Dittrich  (GER)8:20:13
1992 Flag of the United States.svg  Mark Allen  (USA)8:09:08Flag of Chile.svg  Cristián Bustos  (CHI)8:16:29Flag of Finland.svg  Pauli Kiuru  (FIN)8:17:29
1991 Flag of the United States.svg  Mark Allen  (USA)8:18:32Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Greg Welch  (AUS)8:24:34Flag of the United States.svg  Jeff Devlin  (USA)8:27:55
1990 Flag of the United States.svg  Mark Allen  (USA)8:28:17Flag of the United States.svg  Scott Tinley  (USA)8:37:40Flag of Finland.svg  Pauli Kiuru  (FIN)8:39:24
1989 Flag of the United States.svg  Mark Allen  (USA)8:09:14Flag of the United States.svg  Dave Scott  (USA)8:10:13Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Greg Welch  (AUS)8:32:16
1988 Flag of the United States.svg  Scott Molina  (USA)8:31:00Flag of the United States.svg  Mike Pigg  (USA)8:33:11Flag of the United States.svg  Ken Glah  (USA)8:38:37
1987 Flag of the United States.svg  Dave Scott  (USA)8:34:13Flag of the United States.svg  Mark Allen  (USA)8:45:19Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Greg Stewart  (AUS)8:58:53
1986 Flag of the United States.svg  Dave Scott  (USA)8:28:37Flag of the United States.svg  Mark Allen  (USA)8:36:04Flag of the United States.svg  Scott Tinley  (USA)9:00:37
1985 Flag of the United States.svg  Scott Tinley  (USA)8:50:54Flag of the United States.svg  Chris Hinshaw  (USA)9:16:40Flag of Switzerland.svg  Carl Kupferschmid  (SUI)9:26:32
1984 Flag of the United States.svg  Dave Scott  (USA)8:54:20Flag of the United States.svg  Scott Tinley  (USA)9:18:45Flag of the United States.svg  Grant Boswell  (USA)9:23:55
1983 Flag of the United States.svg  Dave Scott  (USA)9:05:57Flag of the United States.svg  Scott Tinley  (USA)9:06:30Flag of the United States.svg  Mark Allen  (USA)9:21:06
1982 (Oct) Flag of the United States.svg  Dave Scott  (USA)9:08:23Flag of the United States.svg  Scott Tinley  (USA)9:28:28Flag of the United States.svg  Jeff Tinley  (USA)9:36:53
1982 (Feb) Flag of the United States.svg  Scott Tinley  (USA)9:19:41Flag of the United States.svg  Dave Scott  (USA)9:36:57Flag of the United States.svg  Jeff Tinley  (USA)9:53:16
1981 Flag of the United States.svg  John Howard  (USA)9:38:29Flag of the United States.svg  Tom Warren  (USA)10:04:38Flag of the United States.svg  Scott Tinley  (USA)10:12:47
1980 Flag of the United States.svg  Dave Scott  (USA)9:24:33Flag of the United States.svg  Chuck Neumann  (USA)10:24:41Flag of the United States.svg  John Howard  (USA)10:32:36
1979 Flag of the United States.svg  Tom Warren  (USA)11:15:56Flag of the United States.svg  John Dunbar  (USA)12:03:56Flag of the United States.svg  Ian Emberson  (USA)12:23:30
1978 Flag of the United States.svg  Gordon Haller  (USA)11:46:58Flag of the United States.svg  John Dunbar  (USA)12:20:27Flag of the United States.svg  Dave Orlowski  (USA)13:59:13
United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Most of the country is located contiguously in North America between Canada and Mexico.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 26 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Women

YearGoldTimeSilverTimeBronzeTime
2019 Flag of Germany.svg  Anne Haug  (GER)8:40:10Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Lucy Charles  (GBR)8:46:44Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Sarah Crowley  (AUS)8:48:13
2018 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Daniela Ryf  (SUI)8:26:18Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Lucy Charles  (GBR)8:36:32Flag of Germany.svg  Anne Haug  (GER)8:41:57
2017 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Daniela Ryf  (SUI)8:50:47Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Lucy Charles  (GBR)8:59:38Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Sarah Crowley  (AUS)9:01:38
2016 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Daniela Ryf  (SUI)8:46:46Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Mirinda Carfrae  (AUS)9:10:30Flag of the United States.svg  Heather Jackson  (USA)9:11:32
2015 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Daniela Ryf  (SUI)8:57:57Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Rachel Joyce  (GBR)9:10:59Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Liz Blatchford  (GBR)9:14:52
2014 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Mirinda Carfrae  (AUS)9:00:55Flag of Switzerland.svg  Daniela Ryf  (SUI)9:02:57Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Rachel Joyce  (GBR)9:04:23
2013 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Mirinda Carfrae  (AUS)8:52:14Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Rachel Joyce  (GBR)8:57:28Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Liz Blatchford  (GBR)9:03:35
2012 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Leanda Cave  (GBR)9:15:54Flag of Switzerland.svg  Caroline Steffen  (SUI)9:16:58Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Mirinda Carfrae  (AUS)9:21:41
2011 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chrissie Wellington  (GBR)8:55:08Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Mirinda Carfrae  (AUS)8:57:57Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Leanda Cave  (GBR)9:03:29
2010 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Mirinda Carfrae  (AUS)8:58:36Flag of Switzerland.svg  Caroline Steffen  (SUI)9:06:00Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Julie Dibens  (GBR)9:10:04
2009 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chrissie Wellington  (GBR)8:54:02Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Mirinda Carfrae  (AUS)9:13:59Flag of Spain.svg  Virginia Berasategui  (ESP)9:15:28
2008 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chrissie Wellington  (GBR)9:06:23Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Yvonne van Vlerken  (NED)9:21:20Flag of Germany.svg  Sandra Wallenhorst  (GER)9:22:52
2007 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chrissie Wellington  (GBR)9:08:45Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Samantha McGlone  (CAN)9:14:04Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Kate Major  (AUS)9:19:13
2006 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Michellie Jones  (AUS)9:18:31Flag of the United States.svg  Desiree Ficker  (USA)9:24:02Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Lisa Bentley  (CAN)9:25:18
2005 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Natascha Badmann  (SUI)9:09:30Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Michellie Jones  (AUS)9:11:51Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Kate Major  (AUS)9:12:39
2004 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Natascha Badmann  (SUI)9:50:04Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Heather Fuhr  (CAN)9:56:19Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Kate Major  (AUS)10:01:56
2003 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Lori Bowden  (CAN)9:11:55Flag of Switzerland.svg  Natascha Badmann  (SUI)9:17:08Flag of Germany.svg  Nina Kraft  (GER)9:17:16
2002 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Natascha Badmann  (SUI)9:07:54Flag of Germany.svg  Nina Kraft  (GER)9:14:24Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Lori Bowden  (CAN)9:22:27
2001 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Natascha Badmann  (SUI)9:28:37Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Lori Bowden  (CAN)9:32:59Flag of Germany.svg  Nina Kraft  (GER)9:41:01
2000 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Natascha Badmann  (SUI)9:26:17Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Lori Bowden  (CAN)9:29:05Flag of Brazil.svg  Fernanda Keller  (BRA)9:31:29
1999 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Lori Bowden  (CAN)9:13:02Flag of the United States.svg  Karen Smyers  (USA)9:20:40Flag of Brazil.svg  Fernanda Keller  (BRA)9:24:30
1998 Flag of Switzerland.svg  Natascha Badmann  (SUI)9:24:16Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Lori Bowden  (CAN)9:27:19Flag of Brazil.svg  Fernanda Keller  (BRA)9:28:29
1997 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Heather Fuhr  (CAN)9:31:43Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Lori Bowden  (CAN)9:41:42Flag of Brazil.svg  Fernanda Keller  (BRA)9:50:02
1996 Flag of the United States.svg  Paula Newby-Fraser  (USA)9:06:49Flag of Switzerland.svg  Natascha Badmann  (SUI)9:11:19Flag of the United States.svg  Karen Smyers  (USA)9:19:13
1995 Flag of the United States.svg  Karen Smyers  (USA)9:16:46Flag of France.svg  Isabelle Mouthon  (FRA)9:25:13Flag of Brazil.svg  Fernanda Keller  (BRA)9:37:48
1994 Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Paula Newby-Fraser  (ZIM)9:20:14Flag of the United States.svg  Karen Smyers  (USA)9:28:08Flag of Brazil.svg  Fernanda Keller  (BRA)9:43:30
1993 Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Paula Newby-Fraser  (ZIM)8:58:23Flag of New Zealand.svg  Erin Baker  (NZL)9:08:04Flag of the United States.svg  Susan Latshaw  (USA)9:20:40
1992 Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Paula Newby-Fraser  (ZIM)8:55:28Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Julie Anne White  (CAN)9:21:40Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Thea Sybesma  (NED)9:26:57
1991 Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Paula Newby-Fraser  (ZIM)9:07:52Flag of New Zealand.svg  Erin Baker  (NZL)9:23:37Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Sarah Coope  (GBR)9:33:20
1990 Flag of New Zealand.svg  Erin Baker  (NZL)9:13:42Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Paula Newby-Fraser  (ZIM)9:20:01Flag of the United States.svg  Terri Schneider  (USA)10:00:34
1989 Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Paula Newby-Fraser  (ZIM)9:00:56Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Sylviane Puntous  (CAN)9:21:55Flag of the United States.svg  Kirsten Hanssen  (USA)9:24:31
1988 Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Paula Newby-Fraser  (ZIM)9:01:01Flag of New Zealand.svg  Erin Baker  (NZL)9:12:14Flag of the United States.svg  Kirsten Hanssen  (USA)9:37:25
1987 Flag of New Zealand.svg  Erin Baker  (NZL)9:35:25Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Sylviane Puntous  (CAN)9:36:57Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Paula Newby-Fraser  (ZIM)9:40:37
1986 Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Paula Newby-Fraser  (ZIM)9:49:14Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Sylviane Puntous  (CAN)9:53:13Flag of the United States.svg  Joanne Ernst  (USA)10:00:07
1985 Flag of the United States.svg  Joanne Ernst  (USA)10:25:22Flag of the United States.svg  Elizabeth Bulman  (USA)10:26:55Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Paula Newby-Fraser  (ZIM)10:31:04
1984 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Sylviane Puntous  (CAN)10:25:13Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Patricia Puntous  (CAN)10:27:28Flag of the United States.svg  Julie Olson  (USA)10:38:10
1983 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Sylviane Puntous  (CAN)10:43:36Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Patricia Puntous  (CAN)10:49:17Flag of the United States.svg  Eva Ueltzen  (USA)11:01:49
Flag of the United States.svg  Julie Leach  (USA)10:54:08Flag of the United States.svg  Jo Ann Dahlkoetter  (USA)10:58:21Flag of the United States.svg  Sally Edwards  (USA)11:03:00
Flag of the United States.svg  Kathleen McCartney  (USA)11:09:40Flag of the United States.svg  Julie Moss  (USA)11:10:09Flag of the United States.svg  Lyn Brooks  (USA)
Flag of the United States.svg  Sally Edwards  (USA)
11:51:00
1981 Flag of the United States.svg  Linda Sweeney  (USA)12:02:32Flag of the United States.svg  Sally Edwards  (USA)12:37:25Flag of the United States.svg  Lyn Brooks  (USA)12:42:15
1980 Flag of the United States.svg  Robin Beck  (USA)11:21:24Flag of the United States.svg  Eve Anderson  (USA)15:40:59
1979 Flag of the United States.svg  Lyn Lemaire  (USA)12:55:38

Paula Newby Fraser was a citizen and represented the United States for the 1996 race

Ironman lottery

Until 2015, individuals could enter a lottery for the chance to participate in the Ironman World Championship. The lottery entry fee was $50 and afforded the chance to win one of 100 berths in the championship race. If selected the winners then had to pay the normal entry fee. [14]

However, according to a sworn complaint filed with the U.S. District Court in Tampa, Florida, Ironman illegally charged athletes for a chance to win the opportunity to compete in the Ironman World Championship. [15] [16] According to Florida law, the state where the World Triathlon Corporation resides, it is illegal to set up and charge for a lottery. [17] Because WTC charged a $50 fee to enter the lottery, instead of giving away the opportunity to win a slot at the championships, they were in violation of this law. [18] Following the complaint WTC cooperated with the United States Attorneys office and the FBI's investigation of the matter and agreed to forfeit $2,761,910, the amount collected from the lottery since 24 October 2012. [15] [19] The attorney representing the United States in the matter was 8-time Ironman finisher James A. Muench. [20]

Winners of the 2015 lottery were notified on 17 March 2015, prior to the announcement of the complaint. [16] WTC stated that these winners would be unaffected by this decision and that their slots for the upcoming championship race would be honored. [21]

Related Research Articles

An Ironman Triathlon is one of a series of long-distance triathlon races organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC), consisting of a 2.4-mile (3.86 km) swim, a 112-mile (180.25 km) bicycle ride and a marathon 26.22-mile (42.20 km) run, raced in that order. It is widely considered one of the most difficult one-day sporting events in the world.

The 2008 Ford Ironman World Championship was held on October 11, 2008 in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii. It was the 32nd such Ironman Triathlon World Championship, which has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978. The champions were Craig Alexander and Chrissie Wellington. The championship was organised by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC).

The 2009 Ford Ironman World Championship was held on October 10, 2009 in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii. It was the 33rd such Ironman Triathlon World Championship, which has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978. The champions were Craig Alexander and Chrissie Wellington. The championship was organised by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC).

The 2010 Ford Ironman World Championship was held on October 9, 2010 in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii. It was the 34th such Ironman Triathlon World Championships, which has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978. The 2010 Championship was won by Chris McCormack and Mirinda Carfrae. The championship is organised by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC).

Mirinda Carfrae Australian professional triathlete

Mirinda Carfrae is an Australian professional triathlete and an Ironman Triathlon world champion. Carfrae has achieved podium positions in six of her seven attempts at the Ironman World Championships: 1st-place finishes, three 2nd-place finishes and a 3rd place. She also won the 2007 Ironman 70.3 World Championship.

Ironman Germany

The Ironman Germany is a triathlon race, part of the Ironman series. It is owned and organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC). In 2005, Frankfurt became the new site of the Ironman European Championship.

The 2011 Ironman 70.3 World Championship was a triathlon competition that was held at Lake Las Vegas in Henderson, Nevada on September 11, 2011. It was sponsored by the United States Marine Corps and organized by the World Triathlon Corporation. The championship race was the culmination of the Ironman 70.3 series of events that occurred from October 1, 2010 to August 15, 2011. Athletes, both professional and amateur, earned a spot in the championship race by qualifying in races throughout the 70.3 series. The 2011 Championship marked the first year that the race was not held in Clearwater, Florida, which had hosted the race since its inception in 2006.

The 2011 Ironman World Championship was held on October 8, 2011 in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii and won by Craig Alexander of Australia and Chrissie Wellington of England. It was the 35th such Ironman Triathlon World Championships, which has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978, with an additional race in 1982. The championship is organised by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC).

The 2012 Ironman World Championship was a long distance triathlon competition held on October 13, 2012 in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii. The championship won by Pete Jacobs of Australia and Leanda Cave of England. It was the 36th such Ironman Triathlon World Championship, which has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978, with an additional race in 1982. The championship is organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC).

The 2013 Ironman World Championship was a long distance triathlon competition that was held on October 12, 2013 in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii. The event was won by Begium's Frederik Van Lierde and Australia's Mirinda Carfrae. It was the 37th edition of the Ironman World Championship, which has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978. The championship is organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC).

The 2014 Ironman 70.3 World Championship was a triathlon competition that was held in Mont-Tremblant, Quebec, Canada on September 7, 2014 and won by Javier Gomez of Spain and Daniela Ryf of Switzerland. The championship was organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC) and was the culmination of the Ironman 70.3 series of events that occurred from August 16, 2013 through July 27, 2014. Athletes, both professional and amateur, earned a spot in the championship race by qualifying in races throughout the 70.3 series. A prize purse of $250,000 was distributed to the top 10 male and female professional athletes, a $50,000 increase from the previous year.

The 2014 Ironman World Championship was a long distance triathlon competition that was held on October 11, 2014 in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii. The event was won by Sebastian Kienle of Germany and Australia's Mirinda Carfrae. It was the 38th edition of the Ironman World Championship, which has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978, with an additional race in 1982. The championship was organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC) and awarded a total purse prize of $650,000.

The 2015 Ironman World Championship was a long distance triathlon competition held on October 10, 2015 in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii and won by Jan Frodeno of Germany and Daniela Ryf of Switzerland. The race was the 39th edition of the Ironman World Championship, which has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978. The championship was organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC) and awarded a total purse prize of $650,000.

The 2015 Ironman 70.3 World Championship was a triathlon competition that was held in Zell am See-Kaprun, Austria on August 30, 2015. It was won by Jan Frodeno of Germany and Daniela Ryf of Switzerland. The championship was organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC) and was the culmination of the Ironman 70.3 series of events that occurred from August 3, 2014 through July 12, 2015. Athletes, both professional and amateur, earned a spot in the championship race by qualifying in races throughout the 70.3 series. A prize purse of $250,000 will be distributed to the top 10 male and female professional athletes. The race marked the second year of the championship event being held in a non-recurring location and the first time being held in Europe.

The 2016 Ironman World Championship was a long distance triathlon competition that was held on October 8, 2016 in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii. It was won by Jan Frodeno of Germany and Daniela Ryf of Switzerland, both repeat champions from 2015. The race was the 40th edition of the Ironman World Championship, which has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978. The championship was organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC) and awarded a total purse prize of $650,000.

Lucy Charles British triathlete

Lucy Charles-Barclay is an English professional triathlete. Prior to taking up triathlon, Charles was a swimmer. She attempted to gain selection for the British swimming team for the 2012 Olympic trials in both the pool and open water. She was, however, unsuccessful, despite having beaten open water trials winner Keri-anne Payne in the Great North Swim a month previously. Charles subsequently made her debut in triathlon in 2014 and went on to win the 18-24 women’s age category at the 2015 Ironman World Championship as an amateur. She subsequently turned professional.

The 2017 Ironman World Championship was a long distance triathlon competition held on October 14, 2017 in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii that was won by Patrick Lange of Germany and Daniela Ryf of Switzerland. It was the 41st edition of the Ironman World Championship, which has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978. The championship was organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC). For Ryf it was her third consecutive Ironman World Championship win. This was Lange's first championship win and in doing so he set a new overall course record previously set by Craig Alexander in 2011.

The 2018 Ironman World Championship was a long distance triathlon competition held on October 13, 2018 in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii that was won by Patrick Lange of Germany and Daniela Ryf of Switzerland. It was the 42nd edition of the Ironman World Championship, which has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978. The championship was organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC). For Ryf it was her fourth consecutive Ironman World Championship win. For Lange it was his second consecutive. They set a new overall course record previously set by them in 2016 and 2017 respectively.

References

Citations

  1. "Kona Ironman World Championship - All You Need To Know - One To Multi". onetomulti.com. 10 October 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  2. "Athlete Tracker". IRONMAN.com. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  3. "Ironman World Championship". ESPN.com. 6 October 2011.Missing or empty |url= (help)
  4. "Sportstats.com - Jan Sibbersen results - IRONMAN World Championship 2018". 13 October 2018.
  5. "Sportstats.com - Jan Sibbersen results - IRONMAN World Championship 2018". 13 October 2018.
  6. "Sportstats.com - Cameron Wurf results - IRONMAN World Championship 2018". 13 October 2018.
  7. "Ironman - Cameron Wurf results - IRONMAN World Championship 2018". 13 October 2018.
  8. "Triathlete goes sub-2:40 to break course marathon record at Ironman championships". Canadian Running Magazine. 9 October 2016.
  9. "Ironman.com - Patrick Lange results - IRONMAN World Championship 2016". 8 October 2016.
  10. "Sportstats.com - Daniela Ryf results - IRONMAN World Championship 2018". 13 October 2018.
  11. "Sportstats.com - Lucy Charles results - IRONMAN World Championship 2018". 13 October 2018.
  12. "Sportstats.com - Daniela Ryf results - IRONMAN World Championship 2018". 13 October 2018.
  13. "New Women's Standards Set in Kona". 11 October 2014.
  14. "Lottery and Legacy". World Triathlon Corporation. 1 September 2013. Archived from the original on 17 February 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  15. 1 2 "World Triathlon Corporation (Ironman) Forfeits More Than $2.7 Million in Lottery Proceeds". Federal Bureau of Investigation. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  16. 1 2 "U.S. District Court Complaint". scribd.com. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  17. "849.09 Lottery prohibited; exceptions". gambling-law-us.com. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  18. .Stein, Letitia (13 May 2015). "Ironman triathlon ran illegal lottery for athletes: U.S. prosecutors". Reuters. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  19. Moskovitz, Diana (19 May 2015). "Feds: Ironman Ran An Illegal Lottery And Made Millions". deadspin.com. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  20. Cornwall, Warren (18 May 2015). "The Ironman Lottery Is Dead. Up Next: Your Local Race?". Outside Online. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  21. "Statement from IRONMAN in response to recent DOJ decision". Ironman.com. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015.

Sources