FIM Endurance World Championship

Last updated
FIM Endurance World Championship
Category Motorcycle racing
RegionInternational
Inaugural season 1960
Constructors Suzuki, Yamaha, BMW, Honda, Kawasaki
Tyre suppliers Dunlop, Pirelli
Riders' champion Niccolò Canepa
Teams' champion GMT94 Yamaha
Makes' champion Yamaha
Official website www.fimewc.com
Motorsport current event.svg Current season

Endurance World Championship (FIM EWC) is the premier worldwide endurance motorcycle racing championship. The championship season consists of a series of endurance races (with a duration of eight, twelve or twenty-four hours) held on permanent racing facilities. The results of each race are combined to determine three World Championships, riders, teams and manufacturers. Until 2016, the championship is held on a yearly basis, but in order to take advantage of the winter break in MotoGP and Superbikes season, since September 2016 it runs from September to July, with the European races held in September, and then spring and summer of the next year. [1]

Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme international sport governing body

The Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme is the global governing/sanctioning body of motorcycle racing. It represents 111 national motorcycle federations that are divided into six regional continental unions.

Endurance racing (motorsport) motorsport in which races cover extended distances and time periods designed to test durability and endurance

Endurance racing is a form of motorsport racing which is meant to test the durability of equipment and endurance of participants. Teams of multiple drivers attempt to cover a large distance in a single event, with participants given a break with the ability to change during the race. Endurance races can be run either to cover a set distance in laps as quickly as possible, or to cover as much distance as possible over a preset amount of time.

Motorcycle racing racing sport using motorcycles

Motorcycle racing is the motorcycle sport of racing motorcycles. Major genres include motorcycle road racing and off-road racing, both either on circuits or open courses, and track racing. Other categories include hill climbs, drag racing and land speed record trials.

Contents

History

The long distance races appeared almost at the same time of the invention of the internal combustion engine at the end of the 19th century, with races being held between major cities such as Paris-Rouen in 1894, Paris-Bordeaux, Paris-Madrid and others. In those years cars and motos raced together, competing for speed (fastest time) or regularity (achieving a certain objective time). These races on open roads were very dangerous, and the successive fatal tragedies (such as 1903 Paris-Madrid) move the race to roads closed to normal traffic (before the creation of real racing circuits) led to the separation of cars and motos, and the long distance races turning into rallies

The Bol d’Or (most famous and prestigious Endurance race) was held for the first time in 1922 on the circuit of Vaujours, near Paris (a beaten-earth road circuit used since 1888 for 24-hour competitions for bicycles). Other endurance races were created after World War II, such as 24 Hour Race in Warsage (Belgium) in 1951, the 500 Miles of Thruxton in 1955, the 24 Hours of Montjuich in Barcelona in 1957, and the 24 hours of Monza (Italy) in 1959.. At the beginning, most races were held over 24 Hours, but soon shorter races were introduced, defined in terms either of distance (500 Miles, 1000 Miles, and much later even 200 Miles) or of time (12 Hours, 8 Hours or 6 Hours). [2]

The series was founded in 1960 as the FIM Endurance Cup. [3] Initially it was made up of four races: Thruxton 500, 24 hours of Montjuïc, 24 hours of Warsage and the Bol d'Or. [3]

Thruxton Circuit

Thruxton Motorsport Centre is a motor-racing circuit located near the village of Thruxton in Hampshire, England which hosts motorsport events including British Touring Cars and Formula 3 racing. It is often referred to as the "Fastest Circuit in the UK" where drivers can reach speeds of over 300kph and has earnt the reputation of being a true driver's track. To illustrate this, Damon Hill drove his Williams Formula One car around the circuit at an average speed of 147mph in 1993.

Montjuïc circuit former street circuit located on the Montjuïc mountain in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

The Montjuïc circuit is a former street circuit located on the Montjuïc mountain in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. The circuit was also the venue for the Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix from 1950 to 1968, and then hosted the event on even-numbered years until 1976. The last Formula One Grand Prix held there in 1975, is notable for both a fatal crash that led to Formula One abandoning the venue and the only occasion to date that a female driver has scored World Championship points.

Bol dOr

The Bol d’Or is a 24-hour motorcycle endurance race, held annually in France. The riding of each bike is now shared by a team of three riders.

The Bol d’Or was not held between 1961 and 1968, while the 1000 km of Paris, was held twice on the circuit of Monthléry. In the first decade, the FIM EC races were held essentially in Great Britain, Italy and Spain – the three countries with more riders

In 1976 the FIM Endurance Cup became the European Championship and in 1980 a World Championship. During the 1980s the Endurance World Championship calendar numbered up to ten events. The championship's popularity gradually declined and the calendar was gradually reduced to just the four so-called “classics”: 24 Hours of Le Mans, 24 Hours of Liège (held in Spa-Francorchamps), 8 Hours Of Suzuka, and the Bol d'Or (held mostly on Paul Ricard or Magny-Cours).

A European Championship is the top level international sports competition between European athletes or sports teams representing their respective countries or professional sports clubs.

The 24 Heures Motos is a motorcycle endurance race held annually since 1978 on the Bugatti Circuit, Le Mans, Sarthe, France. The race is organized by the Automobile Club de l'Ouest (ACO) and is part of the Endurance FIM World Championship.

Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps race track in Spa, Belgium

The Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps is a motor-racing circuit located in Stavelot, Belgium. It is also referred to as Spa and is the venue of the Formula One Belgian Grand Prix, and the Spa 24 Hours and 1000 km Spa endurance races.

In 1989 and 1990 the Championship went back to a World Cup status, as the number of events required by the FIM Sporting Code was not reached.

The 4 events championship (with 24 Hours of Liège being replaced by other races) in the same year was maintained until 2016. In 2015 FIM and the pan-European television sports network, Eurosport signed a deal for the promotion and coverage of the competition. With this, the organization re-ordered the events, in order to the new championship starting in September and finishing in July, with the European races being held during the winter avoiding the MotoGP and Superbikes schedules.

Eurosport is a pan-European television sports network, owned and operated by Discovery, Inc. Discovery took a 20% minority interest share in December 2012, and became the majority shareholder in the Eurosport venture with TF1 in January 2014, taking a 51% share of the company. On 22 July 2015 Discovery agreed to acquire TF1's remaining 49% stake in the venture.

Races

RaceCircuit
Bol d'Or Flag of France.svg Circuit Paul Ricard
Sepang 8 Hours Flag of Malaysia.svg Sepang International Circuit
24 Heures du Mans Moto Flag of France.svg Le Mans
8 Hours of Slovakia Ring Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia Ring
8 Hours of Oschersleben Flag of Germany.svg Oschersleben
Coke Zero Suzuka 8 Hours Flag of Japan.svg Suzuka

World champions

[4]

YearTeamPointsBikeRiders
2001 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg WIM Motors Racing182 Flag of Japan.svg Honda RC51 Albert Aerts, Laurent Naveau and Heinz Platacis
2002 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Zongshen 2123 Flag of Japan.svg Suzuki GSX-R1000 Warwick Nowland
2003 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Suzuki GB - Phase One 143 Flag of Japan.svg Suzuki GSX-R1000 James Ellison and Jason Pridmore
2004 Flag of France.svg Yamaha - GMT 94169 Flag of Japan.svg Yamaha YZF-R1 David Checa and William Costes
2005 Flag of France.svg Suzuki Castrol134 Flag of Japan.svg Suzuki GSX-R1000 Keiichi Kitagawa
2006 Flag of France.svg Suzuki Castrol185 Flag of Japan.svg Suzuki GSX-R1000 Keiichi Kitagawa, Matthieu Lagrive and Vincent Philippe
2007 Flag of France.svg Suzuki Endurance Racing165 Flag of Japan.svg Suzuki GSX-R1000 Matthieu Lagrive and Vincent Philippe
2008 Flag of France.svg Suzuki Endurance Racing109 Flag of Japan.svg Suzuki GSX-R1000 Julien Da Costa
2009 Flag of Austria.svg Yamaha Austria Racing Team 145 Flag of Japan.svg Yamaha YZF-R1 Gwen Giabbani, Igor Jerman and Steve Martin
2010 Flag of France.svg Suzuki Endurance Racing133 Flag of Japan.svg Suzuki GSX-R 1000 Vincent Philippe and Freddy Foray
2011 Flag of France.svg Suzuki Endurance Racing109 Flag of Japan.svg Suzuki GSX-R 1000 Anthony Delhalle
2012 Flag of France.svg Suzuki Endurance Racing128 Flag of Japan.svg Suzuki GSX-R 1000 Anthony Delhalle, Vincent Philippe and Jason Pridmore
2013 Flag of France.svg Suzuki Endurance Racing93 Flag of Japan.svg Suzuki GSX-R 1000 Anthony Delhalle
2014 Flag of France.svg Yamaha Racing - GMT 94 - Michelin141 Flag of Japan.svg Yamaha YZF-R1 David Checa, Mathieu Gines and Kenny Foray
2015 Flag of France.svg Suzuki Endurance Racing154 Flag of Japan.svg Suzuki GSX-R 1000 Anthony Delhalle, Etienne Masson and Vincent Philippe
2016 Flag of France.svg Suzuki Endurance Racing (8)88 Flag of Japan.svg Suzuki GSX-R 1000 Anthony Delhalle(5), Etienne Masson and Vincent Philippe(6)
2016–17 Flag of France.svg GMT94 Yamaha146 Flag of Japan.svg Yamaha YZF-R1 (4) Niccolò Canepa and David Checa
2017–18 Flag of Japan.svg F.C.C. TSR Honda France171,5 Flag of Japan.svg Honda CBR1000RR Josh Hook, Alan Techer, Freddy Foray
2018–19 Flag of France.svg TEAM SRC KAWASAKI FRANCE145,5 Flag of Japan.svg ZX-10R Jérémy Guarnoni, David Checa, Erwan Nigon
2019–20

Points system

For registered races of less than 8 hours: [5]

Position1234567891011121314151617181920
Points3024211917151413121110987654321

For registered races from 8 hours to 12 hours:

Position1234567891011121314151617181920
Points3529252118161413121110987654321

For registered races of 24 hours:

Position1234567891011121314151617181920
Points4033282421191715131110987654321

For registered races with duration from 12 to 24 hours, a partial classification will be established. After 8 hours and 16 hours, the 10 teams (and their riders), that are leading the race at that time will receive scratch bonus points as follow:

After 8 hours race and after 16 hours race:

Position12345678910
Points10987654321

Latest races

2008–2019 Calendar [6]
NoDateRoundCircuitRaceWinner
1/0819-04-08Flag of France.svg  France Le Mans 24 Hours Du Mans SERT #2: William Costes, Barry Veneman, Guillaume Dietrich
2/0810-05-08Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Albacete 6 Hours of Albacete SERT #1: Vincent Philippe, Matthieu Lagrive, Julien DaCosta
3/0827-07-08Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Suzuka 8 Hours Of Suzuka Dream Honda Racing Team #11: R. Kiyonari, Carlos Checa
4/0809-08-08Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Oschersleben 8 Hours of Oschersleben Kawasaki France #11: Julien Mazuecos, Ivan Silva, Erwan Nigon
5/0813-09-08Flag of France.svg  France Magny-Cours 24 Hours Bol d'Or SERT #1: Vincent Philippe, Matthieu Lagrive, Julien DaCosta
6/0808-11-08Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar Losail 8 Hours of Doha YART #7: Igor Jerman, Steve Martin, Steve Plater
1/0918-04-09Flag of France.svg  France Le Mans 24 Hours Du Mans YART #7: Igor Jerman, Steve Martin, Gwen Giabbani
2/0931-0-09Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Oschersleben 8 Hours of Oschersleben YART #7: Igor Jerman, Steve Martin, Gwen Giabbani
3/0904-07-09Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Albacete 8 Hours of Albacete YART #7: Igor Jerman, Steve Martin, Gwen Giabbani
4/0926-07-09Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Suzuka 8 Hours Of Suzuka Yoshimura Suzuki #12: D.Sakai, K. Tokudome, N. Aoki
5/0913-09-09Flag of France.svg  France Magny-Cours 24 Hours Bol d'Or SERT #1: Vincent Philippe, Olivier Four, Freddy Foray
6/0914-11-09Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar Losail 8 Hours of Doha YART #7: Igor Jerman, Steve Martin, Gwen Giabbani
1/1018-04-10Flag of France.svg  France Le Mans 24 Hours Du Mans GSR Kawasaki #11: Julien Da Costa, Olivier Four, Grégory Leblanc
2/1022-05-10Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Albacete 8 Hours of Albacete SERT #2: Vincent Philippe, Guillaume Dietrich, Freddy Foray
3/1025-07-10Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Suzuka 8 Hours Of Suzuka MuSASHI RT HARC-PRO #634: Ryuichi Kiyonari, Takaaki Nakagami, Takumi Takahashi
4/1012-09-10Flag of France.svg  France Magny-Cours 24 Hours Bol d'Or SERT #2: Vincent Philippe, Guillaume Dietrich, Freddy Foray
5/1013-11-10Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar Losail 8 Hours of Doha SERT #2: Vincent Philippe, Guillaume Dietrich, Freddy Foray
1/1116-04-11Flag of France.svg  France Magny-Cours 24 Hours Bol d'Or SERT #1: Vincent Philippe, Freddy Foray, Sakai Daisaku
2/1121-05-11Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Albacete 8 Hours of Albacete BMW MOTORRAD FRANCE 99 #99: Sébastien Gimbert, Erwan Nigon, Hugo Marchand
3/1131-07-11Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Suzuka 8 Hours Of Suzuka F.C.C. TSR HONDA #11: Kohsuke Akiyoshi, Shin'ichi Itoh, Ryuichi Kiyonari
4/1124-04-11Flag of France.svg  France Le Mans 24 Hours Du Mans SRC Kawasaki #11: Julien Da Costa, Grégory Leblanc, Olivier Four
5/1112-11-11Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar Losail 8 Hours of Doha YAMAHA FRANCE GMT 94 IPONE #94: David Checa, Kenny Foray, Matthieu Lagrive
1/1214-04-12Flag of France.svg  France Magny-Cours 24 Hours Bol d'Or SRC Kawasaki #11: Julien Da Costa, Grégory Leblanc, Olivier Four
2/129-06-12Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar Losail 8 Hours of Doha BMW Motorrad France Team Thevent #99: Sébastien Gimbert, Damian Cudlin, Erwan Nigon
3/1229-07-12Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Suzuka 8 Hours Of Suzuka F.C.C. TSR Honda #11: Jonathan Rea, Kosuke Akiyoshi, Tadayuki Okada
4/1211-08-12Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Oschersleben 8 Hours of Oschersleben SERT #1: Vincent Phillippe, Anthony Delhalle, Yukio Kagayama
5/128-09-12Flag of France.svg  France Le Mans 24 Hours Du Mans Kawasaki SRC #11: Julien Da Costa, Gregory Leblanc, Freddy Foray
1/1321-04-13Flag of France.svg  France Magny-Cours 24 Hours Bol d'Or SRC Kawasaki: Greg Leblanc, Loris Baz, Jeremy Guarnoni
2/1328-07-13Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Suzuka 8 Hours Of Suzuka Musashi RT Harc-Pro: Takumi Takahashi, Leon Haslam, Michael van der Mark
3/1317-08-13Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Oschersleben 8 Hours of Oschersleben SERT: Vincent Philippe, Anthony Delhalle, Julien da Costa
4/1321-09-13Flag of France.svg  France Le Mans 24 Hours Du Mans SRC Kawasaki #11: Grégory Leblanc, Fabien Foret, Nicolas Salchaud
1/1427-04-14Flag of France.svg  France Magny-Cours 24 Hours Bol d'Or SRC Kawasaki: Gregory Leblanc, Mathieu Lagrive, Nicolas Salchaud
2/1427-07-14Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Suzuka 8 Hours Of Suzuka MuSASHi RT HARC-PRO: Takumi Takahashi, Leon Haslam, Michael van der Mark
3/1416-08-14Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Oschersleben 8 Hours of Oschersleben Honda Endurance Racing: Julien Da Costa, Sebastien Gimbert, Freddy Foray
4/1420-09-14Flag of France.svg  France Le Mans 24 Hours Du Mans SERT: Vincent Philippe, Anthony Dehalle, Erwan Nigon
1/1519-04-15Flag of France.svg  France Le Mans 24 Hours Du Mans SERT: Vincent Philippe, Anthony Delahalle, Étienne Masson
2/1526-07-15Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Suzuka 8 Hours Of Suzuka Yamaha Factory Racing Team: Katsuyuki Nakasuga, Pol Espargaró, Bradley Smith
3/1522-08-15Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Oschersleben 8 Hours of Oschersleben Honda Racing: Julien Da Costa, Sébastien Gimbert, Freddy Foray
4/1520-09-15Flag of France.svg  France Paul Ricard 24 Hours Bol d'Or Kawasaki SRC: Gregory Leblanc, Mathieu Lagrive, Fabien Foret
1/1610-04-16Flag of France.svg  France Le Mans 24 Hours Du Mans Kawasaki SRC: Gregory Leblanc, Mathieu Lagrive, Fabien Foret
2/1612-06-16Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Algarve 12 Hours of Portimão GMT94 Yamaha: David Checa, Lucas Mathias, Niccoló Canepa
3/1631-07-16Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Suzuka 8 Hours Of Suzuka Yamaha Factory Racing Team: Katsuyuki Nakasuga, Pol Espargaró, Alex Lowes
4/1627-08-16Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Oschersleben 8 Hours of Oschersleben GMT94 Yamaha: David Checa, Lucas Mahias, Niccoló Canepa
1/16-1720-09-16Flag of France.svg  France Paul Ricard 24 Hours Bol d'Or SERT: Vincent Philippe, Anthony Delahalle, Étienne Masson
2/16-1716-04-17Flag of France.svg  France Le Mans 24 Hours Du Mans GMT94 Yamaha: David Checa, Niccoló Canepa, Mike di Meglio
3/16-1720-05-17Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Oschersleben 8 Hours of Oschersleben GMT94 Yamaha: David Checa, Niccoló Canepa, Mike di Meglio
4/16-1730-07-17Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Suzuka 8 Hours Of Suzuka Yamaha Factory Racing Team: Katsuyuki Nakasuga, Alex Lowes, Michael van der Mark
1/17-1817-09-17Flag of France.svg  France Paul Ricard 24 Hours Bol d'Or GMT94 Yamaha: David Checa, Niccoló Canepa, Mike di Meglio
2/17-1822-04-18Flag of France.svg  France Le Mans 24 Hours Du Mans F.C.C. TSR Honda France: Josh Hook, Freddy Foray, Alan Techer
3/17-1812-05-18Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Slovakia Ring 8 Hours of Slovakia Ring Yamaha Austria Racing Team (YART): Broc Parkes, Marvin Fritz, Max Neukirchner
4/17-1809-06-18Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Oschersleben 8 Hours of Oschersleben F.C.C. TSR Honda France: Josh Hook, Freddy Foray, Alan Techer
5/17-1829-07-18Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Suzuka 8 Hours Of Suzuka Yamaha Factory Racing Team: Katsuyuki Nakasuga, Alex Lowes, Michael van der Mark
1/18-1916-09-18Flag of France.svg  France Paul Ricard 24 Hours Bol d'Or F.C.C. TSR Honda France: Josh Hook, Freddy Foray, Mike di Meglio
2/18-1921-04-19Flag of France.svg  France Le Mans 24 Hours Du Mans Team SRC Kawasaki France #11: Jérémy Guarnoni, David Checa, Erwan Nigon
3/18-1911-05-19Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Slovakia Ring 8 Hours of Slovakia Ring Yamaha Austria Racing Team (YART): Broc Parkes, Marvin Fritz, Niccoló Canepa
4/18-1908-06-19Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Oschersleben 8 Hours of Oschersleben F.C.C. TSR Honda France: Josh Hook, Freddy Foray, Mike di Meglio
5/18-1928-07-19Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Suzuka 8 Hours Of Suzuka Kawasaki Racing Team Suzuka 8H: Leon Haslam, Toprak Razgatlioglu, Jonathan Rea

2012 Classes and Specifications

Motorcycles must be based on road going models with a valid FIM homologation [5]

Homologation is the granting of approval by an official authority. This may be a court of law, a government department, or an academic or professional body, any of which would normally work from a set of strict rules or standards to determine whether such approval should be given. The word may be considered very roughly synonymous with accreditation, and in fact in French and Spanish may be used with regard to academic degrees. Certification is another possible synonym, while to homologate is the infinitive verb form.

Formula EWC

This is the top category. [7]

Displacement

The displacement capacities must remain at the homologated size. Modifying the bore and stroke to reach class limits is not allowed.

Minimum Weights

Superstock

Displacement

The displacement capacities must remain at the homologated size. Modifying the bore and stroke to reach class limits is not allowed.

Minimum Weights

The FIM decides the minimum weight value for a homologated model as sold to the public by determining its dry weight. The dry weight of a homologated motorcycle is defined as the total weight of the empty motorcycle as produced by the manufacturer (after removal of fuel, vehicle number plate, tools and main stand when fitted). To confirm the dry weight a minimum of three (3) motorcycles are weighed and compared. The result is rounded off to the nearest digit.

The minimum weight for motorcycles will be:

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References

  1. "New developments for FIM EWC in 2016". fimewc.com. 2016-10-12. Retrieved 2016-02-24.
  2. "A Short History of Endurance". fim-live.com. 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2016-02-24.
  3. 1 2 "Coupe FIM d'Endurance 1960". racingmemo.free.fr (in French). Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  4. http://www.corsedimoto.com/in-pista/endurance/endurance-35-anni-di-storia-per-il-mondiale-di-categoria/
  5. 1 2 "2015 FIM Road Racing Endurance World Championship and Cup Regulations" (PDF). fim-live.com. 2015-02-09. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  6. "Calendar, Ranking, Rules and documents". fim-live.com. Retrieved 2015-09-03.
  7. "Le Mans "24 Heures Moto" to open EWC". fim-live.com. 2015-04-14. Retrieved 2016-07-18.