World Championships of Ski Mountaineering

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The World Championships of Ski Mountaineering are biannually held ski mountaineering competitions.

Ski mountaineering winter sport

Ski mountaineering is a skiing discipline that involves climbing mountains either on skis or carrying them, depending on the steepness of the ascent, and then descending on skis. There are two major categories of equipment used, free-heel Telemark skis and skis based on Alpine skis, where the heel is free for ascents, but is fixed during descent. The discipline may be practiced recreationally or as a competitive sport.

Contents

History

The events were originally sanctioned by the International Council for Ski Mountaineering Competitions (ISMC). The first official world mastership of the ISMC was carried out in the "International Year of Mountains" (2002), declared by the United Nations. The championship was held in Serre Chevalier, France, from January 24 to January 27, 2002. Prior the Italian Trofeo Mezzalama was held as "World Championship of Ski Mountaineering" with the classes "Civilians", "Soldiers" and "Mountain guides" in 1975. [1] Because the ISMC merged into the International Ski Mountaineering Federation (ISMF) in 2008, the next championships were sanctioned by the ISMF. [2] In 2011, the originally planned 9th edition of the European Championships of Ski Mountaineering at last was held as 6th edition of the World Championships.

The International Council for Ski Mountaineering Competitions (ISMC) located in the Floridablanca 84 in Barcelona was part of the Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme (UIAA) and responsible for ski mountaineering and vertical race competitions. The ISMC, which was founded in 1999 as follow-up institution of the Comité International du Ski-Alpinisme de Compétition (CISAC), merged into the International Ski Mountaineering Federation (ISMF) in 2008.

United Nations Intergovernmental organization

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.

Serre Chevalier Ski resort in southeastern France

Serre Chevalier is a major ski resort in southeastern France, in the Hautes-Alpes department of the Alps. Near the Parc National des Ecrins, it enjoys a large skiing area, with 250 km (155 mi) of slopes and favourable weather, boasting 300 days of sunshine a year. In Serre Chevalier, 80 km (50 mi) of the slopes are covered by snow cannons to supplement natural snowfall. It is owned by Compagnie des Alpes.

Medalist teams of the 1975 Trofeo Mezzalama
"civilian teams" Med 1.png Flag of Italy.svg   Renzo Meynet Flag of Italy.svg   Osvaldo Ronc Flag of Italy.svg   Mirko Stangalino [3]
Med 2.png Flag placeholder.svg Flag placeholder.svg Flag placeholder.svg 
Med 3.png Flag placeholder.svg Flag placeholder.svg Flag placeholder.svg 
"military teams" Med 1.png Flag of Italy.svg   Angelo Genuin Flag of Italy.svg   Bruno Bonaldi Flag of Italy.svg   Luigi "Gigi" Weiss [3]
Med 2.png Flag of Italy.svg   Gianfranco Stella Flag of Italy.svg   Aldo Stella Flag of Italy.svg   Leo Vidi [4]
Med 3.png Flag of Italy.svg   Willy Bertin Flag of Italy.svg   Felice Darioli Flag of Italy.svg   Fabrizio Pedranzini [4]
"mountain guides" Med 1.png Flag of Italy.svg   Oreste Squinobal Flag of Italy.svg   Arturo Squinobal Flag of Italy.svg   Lorenzo Squinobal [3]
Med 2.png Flag placeholder.svg Flag placeholder.svg Flag placeholder.svg 
Med 3.png Flag placeholder.svg Flag placeholder.svg Flag placeholder.svg 

Further venues of the ISMC World Championships were the Aran Valley (Spain) in 2004, the Italian Province of Cuneo in 2006, and Portes du Soleil (Switzerland) in 2008. [5] The World Championships are supported by the national organizations of the carrying out countries.

Province of Cuneo Province of Italy

Cuneo (Italian) or Coni is a province in the southwest of the Piedmont region of Italy. To the west it borders on the French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. To the north it borders with the Metropolitan City of Turin. To the east it borders with the province of Asti. To the south it borders with the Ligurian provinces of Savona and Imperia. It is also known as La Provincia Granda, Piedmontese for "The Big Province", because it is the fourth largest province in Italy and the largest one in Piedmont. Briga Marittima and Tenda were part of this province before cession to France in 1947.

Portes du Soleil ski area in the French Alps

Les Portes du Soleil is a major skisports destination in the Alps, encompassing thirteen resorts between Mont Blanc in France and Lake Geneva in Switzerland. With more than 650 km of marked pistes and about 200 lifts in total, spread over 14 valleys and about 1,036 square kilometres (400 sq mi), Portes du Soleil ranks among the two largest ski areas in the world. Almost all of the pistes are connected by lifts – a few marginal towns can be reached only by the free bus services in the area. The highest point of skiing is 2400 m and the lowest is 900 m. As with many other Alpine ski resorts, the lower slopes of the Portes du Soleil have snow-making facilities to extend the skiable season by keeping the lower slopes open during the warmer months.

Ratings

The disciplines are rated by gender and age groups. In 2002, only individual and team (2 racers) races were held and rated, added with a combined ranking. At the 2004 championship a relay event and a vertical race competition were added. The men's relay teams were of four racers and the women's teams of three. In the following years all relay teams were of four ski mountaineers. In 2006 the relay race was canceled because of bad snow conditions, and consequently there was no combined ranking. At the 2008 World Masterships a long distance race was added.

A Vertical Race is a special kind of ski mountaineering without the typical downhill skiing after ascending. At the mountain running and climbing passages the runners have to carry their skis in their backpacks. Vertical Races for women and men are part of all international ski mountaineering competitions of the International Council for Ski Mountaineering Competitions (ISMC) as well as at many national competitions. The Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme (UIAA)is working toward the goal of having Vertical Race become an Olympic discipline at the 2018 Winter Olympics,.

The national squads are often mixed with up an coming athletes of the "Espoirs"-level. Some nations do not have squads with enough racers for all disciplines.

Medalist nations and disciplines

(by point-awarding system) [6]

yearvenue1.2.3.disciplines
individualteamcombinationrelayvertical racelong distance
1st 2002 Serre Chevalier, FRA Flag of France.svg  FRA Flag of Italy.svg  ITA Flag of Switzerland.svg   SUI XXX---
2nd 2004 Aran Valley, ESP Flag of Switzerland.svg   SUI Flag of Italy.svg  ITA Flag of France.svg  FRA XXXXX-
3rd 2006 Province of Cuneo, ITA Flag of Italy.svg  ITA Flag of Switzerland.svg   SUI Flag of France.svg  FRA -X-XX-
4th 2008 Champery, Portes du Soleil, SUI Flag of Italy.svg  ITA Flag of France.svg  FRA Flag of Switzerland.svg   SUI XXXXXX
5th 2010 Gran Valira, AND Flag of Italy.svg  ITA Flag of France.svg  FRA Flag of Switzerland.svg   SUI XXXXX-
6th 2011 Claut, ITA Flag of France.svg  FRA Flag of Switzerland.svg   SUI Flag of Italy.svg  ITA XXXXX-
7th 2013 Puy-Saint-Vincent, Pelvoux, FRA Flag of Italy.svg  ITA Flag of France.svg  FRA Flag of Switzerland.svg   SUI XXXXX-
8th 2015 Verbier, SUI Flag of Italy.svg  ITA Flag of France.svg  FRA Flag of Switzerland.svg   SUI XXXXX-
8th 2017 Tambre - Piancavallo, ITA XXXXX-

Related Research Articles

The 2002 World Championship of Ski Mountaineering was the first World Championship of Ski Mountaineering sanctioned by the International Council for Ski Mountaineering Competitions (ISMC), held at Serre Chevalier in the former French province Dauphiné from January 24 to January 27, 2002. In due to the heavy snowfall all events were postponed one day

The 2004 World Championship of Ski Mountaineering was the second World Championship of Ski Mountaineering sanctioned by the International Council for Ski Mountaineering Competitions (ISMC), held in the Spanish Aran Valley (Catalonia) from March 1 to March 6, 2004.

The 2006 World Championship of Ski Mountaineering was the third World Championship of Ski Mountaineering sanctioned by the International Council for Ski Mountaineering Competitions (ISMC), held in the Italian Province of Cuneo from February 27 to March 4, 2006.

The 2008 World Championship of Ski Mountaineering was the fourth World Championship of Ski Mountaineering sanctioned by the International Council for Ski Mountaineering Competitions (ISMC), held in Portes du Soleil, Switzerland, from February 23 to February 29, 2008.

The 2010 World Championship of Ski Mountaineering was the first World Championship of Ski Mountaineering sanctioned by the International Ski Mountaineering Federation (ISMF), successor organization of the International Council for Ski Mountaineering Competitions (ISMC). The competition was held in the skiing area of Gran Valira in the Pyrenees, Andorra, from March 1 to March 6, 2010. This was decided by the ISMC in 2006. The event was supported by the Federació Andorrana de Muntanyisme (FAM) and the Club Pirinenc Andorrà (CPA). Andorra was also venue of the European Championship of Ski Mountaineering in 2005.

The European Championships of Ski Mountaineering were the European championships for national ski mountaineering teams 1992 to 2009. They were held biannually and were separated in men's and women's competitions.

The 2007 European Championship of Ski Mountaineering was the seventh European Championship of ski mountaineering and was held in Avoriaz, Morzine between the Mont Blanc and the Lac Léman from March 24 - 28.

The 2005 European Championship of Ski Mountaineering was the sixth European Championship of ski mountaineering and was held in Andorra from March 1, 2005 to March 5, 2005. The competition was organized by the International Council for Ski Mountaineering Competitions (ISMC) of the Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme (UIAA).

The 2009 European Championship of Ski Mountaineering was the eighth European Championship of ski mountaineering and was held in Alpago from February 19, 2009 to February 24, 2009. The competition was organized by the International Ski Mountaineering Federation (ISMF), successor organization of the International Council for Ski Mountaineering Competitions (ISMC).

Florent Perrier is a French ski mountaineer.

The 2011 World Championship of Ski Mountaineering were held instead of the originally 9th edition of the European Championships of Ski Mountaineering, why it was the first World Championship in an odd-numbered year, besides the Trofeo Mezzalama in 1975, which was the real first world championship of ski mountaineering. Instead, the 9th edition of the European championships was held in February 2012.

The 2012 European Championship of Ski Mountaineering was the ninth European Championship of ski mountaineering and was held in Pelvoux in the Massif des Écrins (France) from February 4, 2012 to February 10, 2012.

The 2007 Asian Championship of Ski Mountaineering was the first edition of an Asian Championship of Ski Mountaineering

Asian Championships of Ski Mountaineering as multinational ski mountaineering competitions for participants of the Asian continent have been held since 2007.

The 2009 Asian Championship of Ski Mountaineering was the second edition of an Asian Championship of Ski Mountaineering.

The International Ski Mountaineering Federation (ISMF) emerged from the International Council for Ski Mountaineering Competitions (ISMC) in 2008, is responsible for international competition ski mountaineering.

The 2009 South American Ski Mountaineering Championship was the third edition of a South American continental championship of competition ski mountaineering, and the first that was sanctioned by the International Ski Mountaineering Federation (ISMF), which emerged from the International Council for Ski Mountaineering Competitions (ISMC) in 2008. Furthermore, the competition was sanctioned by the Unión Panamericana de Montaña y Escalada (UPAME).

The 2007 South American Ski Mountaineering Championship was the second edition of a South American continental championship of competition ski mountaineering,

References

  1. Rolf Majcen: Weltmeisterschaften im Skibergsteigen (German), February, 2004.
  2. Karl Posch: Weltmeisterschaft Schweiz Tag 5 - Neuer Verband der Schibergsteiger: ISMF (German), February 27, 2008.
  3. 1 2 3 Albo d'oro
  4. 1 2 Genuin Angelo
  5. History of ski mountaineering, UIAA.
  6. Mountaineering-World Ski Mountaineering Championships, sports123.com.
Ian McNaught-Davis British television presenter

Ian McNaught-Davis was a British television presenter best known for presenting the BBC television series The Computer Programme, Making the Most of the Micro and Micro Live in the 1980s. He was also a mountaineer and alpinist. He was managing director of the British subsidiary of Comshare Inc.