FIBA Basketball World Cup

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FIBA Basketball World Cup
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Basketball current event.svg 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup
FIBA Basketball World Cup logo.png
Sport Basketball
Founded1950
Inaugural season 1950
No. of teams32
Countries FIBA members
Continent FIBA (International)
Most recent
champion(s)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States (5th title)
Most titlesFlag of the United States.svg  United States
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia (5 titles)

The FIBA Basketball World Cup, also known as the FIBA World Cup of Basketball or simply the FIBA World Cup, between 1950 and 2010 known as the FIBA World Championship, [1] is an international basketball competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), the sport's global governing body. It is considered the flagship event of FIBA. [2]

Basketball Team sport

Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play (overtime) is mandated.

FIBA International basketball governing body

The International Basketball Federation is an association of national organizations which governs the sport of basketball worldwide. Originally known as the Fédération Internationale de Basketball Amateur, in 1989 it dropped the word amateur from its name but retained the acronym; the "BA" now represents the first two letters of basketball.

Contents

The tournament structure is similar, but not identical, to that of the FIFA World Cup; both of these international competitions were played in the same year from 1970 through 2014. A parallel event for women's teams, now known as the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, is also held quadrennially. From 1986 through 2014, the men's and women's championships were held in the same year, though in different countries. The current format of the tournament involves 32 teams competing for the title at venues within the host nation. The winning team receives the Naismith Trophy, first awarded in 1967. The current champions are the United States, who defeated Serbia in the final of the 2014 tournament.

FIFA World Cup Association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, also known as the Basketball World Cup for Women or simply the FIBA Women's World Cup, is an international basketball tournament for women's national teams held quadrennially. Its inaugural game was in 1953, with the four-year cycle established in 1967. The next FIBA Women's World Cup will be held in 2022 in Russia.

The Naismith Trophy is a trophy awarded to the men's champion of the FIBA Basketball World Cup, and is named in honor of basketball's inventor, James Naismith. The trophy was first awarded to the winner of the 1967 FIBA World Championship. The current version of the trophy will be awarded for the first time at the 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup.

Following the 2014 FIBA championships for men and women, the men's World Cup was scheduled on a new four-year cycle to avoid conflict with the FIFA World Cup. The next men's World Cup will be held in 2019, in the year following the FIFA World Cup. The women's championship, which was renamed from "FIBA World Championship for Women" to "FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup", after its 2014 edition, will remain on the previous four-year cycle, with championships in the same year as the FIFA World Cup.

The 1994 FIBA World Championship, which was held in Canada, was the first FIBA World Cup tournament in which currently active US NBA players, that had also already played in an official NBA regular season game, were allowed to participate. All FIBA World Championship/World Cup tournaments since then, are thus considered as fully professional level tournaments.

1994 FIBA World Championship 1994 edition of the FIBA World Championship

The 1994 FIBA World Championship was the 12th FIBA World Championship, the international basketball world championship for men's teams. The tournament was hosted by Canada from August 4 to August 14, 1994. The tournament was held at SkyDome and Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto as well as at Copps Coliseum in Hamilton. The hosting duties were originally awarded to Belgrade, Yugoslavia, but after United Nations limited participation in sporting events in Yugoslavia, Toronto stepped in as a replacement option in 1992.

Canada Country in North America

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern border with the United States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

Professional sports sports in which athletes receive payment for their sports performance

Professional sports, as opposed to amateur sports, are sports in which athletes receive payment for their performance. Professional athleticism has come to the fore through a combination of developments. Mass media and increased leisure have brought larger audiences, so that sports organizations or teams can command large incomes. As a result, more sportspeople can afford to make athleticism their primary career, devoting the training time necessary to increase skills, physical condition, and experience to modern levels of achievement. This proficiency has also helped boost the popularity of sports.

History

World map depicting the number of times a country has hosted the World Cup. Dark blue: twice; light blue: once. FIBA World Cup host countries.png
World map depicting the number of times a country has hosted the World Cup. Dark blue: twice; light blue: once.

The FIBA Basketball World Cup was conceived at a meeting of the FIBA World Congress at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London. [3] Long-time FIBA Secretary-General Renato William Jones urged FIBA to adopt a World Championship, similar to the FIFA World Cup, to be held in every four years between Olympiads. The FIBA Congress, seeing how successful the 23-team Olympic tournament was that year, agreed to the proposal, beginning with a tournament in 1950. Argentina was selected as host, largely because it was the only country willing to take on the task. [4] Argentina took advantage of the host selection, winning all their games en route to becoming the first FIBA World Champion.

1948 Summer Olympics Games of the XIV Olympiad, held in London in 1948

The 1948 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was held in London, United Kingdom from 29 July to 14 August 1948.

Renato William Jones, also known as R. William, or simply William Jones, was a British basketball executive and popularizer of basketball in Europe and in Asia. He held an honorary doctorate from Springfield College.

Olympiad period of four years associated with the Olympic Games of the Ancient Greeks

An Olympiad is a period of four years associated with the Olympic Games of the Ancient Greeks. Although the Ancient Olympic Games were established during Archaic Greece, it was not until the Hellenistic period, beginning with Ephorus, that the Olympiad was used as a calendar epoch. Converting to the modern BC/AD dating system the first Olympiad began in the summer of 776 BC and lasted until the summer of 772 BC, when the second Olympiad would begin with the commencement of the next games. By extrapolation to the Julian calendar, the 3rd year of the 699th Olympiad will begin in (Northern-Hemisphere) mid-summer 2019.

The first five tournaments were held in South America, and teams from the Americas dominated the tournament, winning eight of nine medals at the first three tournaments. By 1963, however, teams from Eastern Europe (the Soviet Union) and Southeast Europe (Yugoslavia), in particular – began to catch up to the teams from the American continents. Between 1963 and 1990, the tournament was dominated by the United States, the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and Brazil who together accounted for every medal at the tournament.

South America A continent in the Western Hemisphere, and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas, which is how it is viewed in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas. The reference to South America instead of other regions has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics.

FIBA Americas Zone within FIBA (International Basketball Federation)

FIBA Americas is a zone within FIBA. It is one of FIBA's five continental confederations. FIBA Americas is responsible for the organization and governance of the major international tournaments in the Americas. It has 44 FIBA Federations and is headquartered in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The current FIBA Americas President elect is Usie Richards of the United States Virgin Islands.

The 1963 FIBA World Championship was the 4th FIBA World Championship, the international basketball world championship for men's teams. The competition was hosted by Brazil.

The 1994 FIBA World Championship held in Toronto marked the beginning of a new era, as currently active American NBA players participated in the tournament for the first time (prior to that only European and South American professionals were allowed to participate as they were still classified as amateurs [5] ), [6] while the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia split into many new states. The United States dominated that year and won gold, while the former states of the USSR and Yugoslavia, Russia and Croatia, won silver and bronze. The 1998 FIBA World Championship, held in Greece (Athens and Piraeus), lost some of its luster when the 1998–99 NBA lockout prevented NBA players from participating. The new Yugoslavian team, now consisting of the former Yugoslav republics of Serbia and Montenegro, won the gold medal over Russia, while the USA, with professional basketball players playing in Europe and two college players, finished third.

Toronto Provincial capital city in Ontario, Canada

Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the most populous city in Canada, with a population of 2,731,571 in 2016. Current to 2016, the Toronto census metropolitan area (CMA), of which the majority is within the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), held a population of 5,928,040, making it Canada's most populous CMA. The city is the anchor of the Golden Horseshoe, an urban agglomeration of 9,245,438 people surrounding the western end of Lake Ontario. Toronto is an international centre of business, finance, arts, and culture, and is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world.

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a Marxist-Leninist sovereign state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Tashkent, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres (6,200 mi) east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres (4,500 mi) north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.

Yugoslavia 1918–1992 country in Southeastern and Central Europe

Yugoslavia was a country in Southeastern and Central Europe for most of the 20th century. It came into existence after World War I in 1918 under the name of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the merger of the provisional State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs with the Kingdom of Serbia, and constituted the first union of the South Slavic people as a sovereign state, following centuries in which the region had been part of the Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary. Peter I of Serbia was its first sovereign. The kingdom gained international recognition on 13 July 1922 at the Conference of Ambassadors in Paris. The official name of the state was changed to Kingdom of Yugoslavia on 3 October 1929.

In 2002, other nations eventually caught up to the four powerhouse countries and their successor states. FR Yugoslavia, led by Peja Stojaković of the Sacramento Kings and Dejan Bodiroga of FC Barcelona won the final game against Argentina, while Dirk Nowitzki, who was the tournament's MVP, led Germany to the bronze, its first ever World Championship medal. Meanwhile, the United States team, this time made up of NBA players, struggled to a sixth-place finish. This new era of parity convinced FIBA to expand the tournament to 24 teams for the 2006, 2010, and 2014 editions of the tournament. [7] [8]

In 2006, emerging powerhouse Spain beat Greece in the first appearance in the final for both teams. Spain became only the seventh team (Yugoslavia and FR Yugoslavia are counted separately in the FIBA records) [9] to capture a World Championship gold. The USA, who lost to Greece in a semifinal, won against Argentina in the third place match and claimed bronze.

In the 2010 FIBA World Championship final, the USA defeated Turkey and won gold for the first time in 16 years, while Lithuania beat Serbia and won bronze. The United States became the third country to defend the championship, winning against Serbia at the 2014 edition of the tournament. France beat Lithuania in the bronze medal game.

After the 2014 edition, FIBA instituted significant changes to the World Cup. The final competition was expanded from 24 to 32 teams. Also, for the first time since 1967, the competition would no longer overlap with the FIFA World Cup. To accommodate this change, the 2014 FIBA World Cup will be followed by a 2019 edition in China, [10] then followed by a 2023 edition in the Philippines, Japan, and Indonesia. [11]

Qualification

World map depicting the number of times a national team participated in the World Cup. FIBA World Cup participation.png
World map depicting the number of times a national team participated in the World Cup.

The Basketball World Cup has used various forms of qualification throughout its history. The first five tournaments were held in South America and participation was dominated by teams from the Americas. At the first tournament, FIBA intended for the three Olympic medalists to compete, plus the host Argentina and two teams each from Europe, Asia, and South America. However, no Asian team was willing to travel to the event, so six of the ten teams were from the Americas (all three Olympic medalists were from the Americas, plus the zone received two continental berths and an Asia's berth). The former European powerhouse Soviet Union, later made their first tournament appearance in 1959, after missing the first two events.

In the tournament's early years, only Europe and South America had established continental tournaments, so participation in the tournament was largely by invitation. Later, Asia added a continental championship in 1960, followed by Africa in 1962, Central America in 1965, and Oceania in 1971, As a result of these changes, qualification became more formalized starting with the 1967 tournament. In that year, the Asian champion received an automatic berth in the tournament, joining the top European and South American teams. In 1970, the African and Oceanian champion each received a berth, while the Centrobasket champion and runner-up were each invited. For most of these years, the tournament host, defending World Champion, and top Olympic basketball tournament finishers also qualified for the event.

From 1970 through the 2014 World Cup, qualification continued to be based on the continental competitions and the Olympic tournament. The only major change came in the 1990 FIBA World Championship, when the tournament started taking qualifiers from the newly redesigned FIBA Americas Championship rather than from North, Central, and South America individually. After the tournament expanded to 24 teams in 2006, the tournament allocated qualification as follows: [12]

Each of the five continental championships also served as qualification for the Olympics, so all were held every two years. The year immediately preceding the World Championship was used to determine the berths at the tournament. For example, all of the berths at the 2010 FIBA World Championship were determined by continental championships held in 2009. After the first 20 teams qualified, FIBA then selected four wild card teams, based on sporting, economic, and governance criteria, as well as a required registration fee from each team to be considered by the FIBA board. [13] Of the four wild cards, only three could come from one continental zone. In each of the two tournaments that the wild card system was in place, FIBA selected the maximum three European teams to compete in the event.

FIBA instituted major changes to its competition calendar and the qualifying process for both the World Cup and Olympics in 2017.

First, the continental championships are now held once every four years, specifically in years that immediately follow the Summer Olympics. The continental championships no longer play a role in qualifying for either the World Cup or Olympics. [14]

The 2019 World Cup qualifying process, which began in 2017, is the first under a new format. Qualifying takes place over a two-year cycle, involving six windows of play. Qualifying zones mirror the FIBA continental zones, except that FIBA Asia and FIBA Oceania are now combined into a single Asia-Pacific qualifying zone. In each qualifying zone, nations are divided into Division A and Division B, with promotion and relegation between the two. FIBA did not initially reveal full details of the new process, but announced that at least in opening phases, it would feature groups of three or four teams, playing home-and-away within the group. [14] Below is the list of distribution of berths according to each FIBA qualifying zone.

Tournament format

The Basketball World Cup has existed in several different formats throughout the years, as it has expanded and contracted between 10 and 24 teams. The first tournament, in 1950, began with a ten-team double-elimination tournament, followed by a six-team round robin round to determine the champion. Between 1954 and 1974, each tournament started with a group stage preliminary round; the top teams in each preliminary round group then moved on to a final round robin group to determine the champion. In 1978, FIBA added a gold medal game between the top two finishers in the final group and a bronze medal game between the third and fourth place teams. In each year between 1959 and 1982, the host team received a bye into the final group. Of the seven host teams in this era, only three won medals, despite the head start. As a result, FIBA made the host team compete in the preliminary round starting in 1986.

In 1986, the tournament briefly expanded to 24 teams. Four groups of six teams each competed in the preliminary round group stage. The top three teams in each group then competed in the second group stage, followed by a four-team knockout tournament between the top two finishers in each group. The championship contracted back down to 16 teams for the 1990 tournament. The three tournaments between 1990 and 1998, each had two group stages followed by a four-team knockout tournament to determine the medalists. The 2002 tournament expanded the knockout round to eight teams.

In 2006, FIBA made the decision to expand back to 24 teams and introduced the format that was in place through 2014. [7] Under that format, the teams were divided into four preliminary round groups of six teams each. [15]

In 2019, the final tournament will expand to 32 teams. [14]
If the teams should be tied at the end of the preliminary round, the ties are broken by the following criteria in order:

  1. Game results between tied teams
  2. Goal average between games of the tied teams
  3. Goal average for all games of the tied teams
  4. Drawing of lots

The top two teams in each group then advance to a sixteen-team single-elimination knockout round. It begins with the eighth finals, where the top teams in each group play the fourth-placed teams in another group and the second and third-placed teams in each group face off. This is followed by the quarterfinals, semifinals, and final. The semifinal losers play in the bronze medal game, while the quarterfinal losers play in a consolation bracket to determine fifth through eighth places.

Naismith Trophy

Map of best finishes per team. Defunct countries are denoted by circles. FIBA Basketball Championships countries.PNG
Map of best finishes per team. Defunct countries are denoted by circles.

Since 1967, the champion of each tournament has been awarded the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of basketball's inventor, James Naismith. A trophy had been planned since the first World Championship in 1950, but did not come to fruition until FIBA finally commissioned a trophy in 1965, after receiving a US$1,000 donation. The original trophy was used from 1967 through 1994. An updated trophy was introduced for the 1998 FIBA World Championship and the original now sits at the Pedro Ferrándiz Foundation in Spain. [16]

The second trophy is designed in an Egyptian-inspired lotus shape, upon which there are carved maps of the continents and precious stones symbolizing the five continents (FIBA Americas represents both North America and South America). Dr. Naismith's name is engraved on all four sides in Latin, Arabic, Chinese, and Egyptian hieroglyphs. The trophy stands 47 centimeters (18.5 inches) tall and weighs nine kilograms (twenty pounds). [17]

The most recent Naismith Trophy design was revealed in the 2019 FIBA World Cup Qualifiers Draw Ceremonies, last May 7, 2017. The trophy, which stands about 60 centimeters high (13 cm. higher than the 1998 version), is made almost entirely out of gold, and features the names of the previous world cup champions at the base. FIBA's original name (Federation Internationale de Basketball Amateur) is also engraved at the trophy's "hoop". The trophy was designed by Radiant, and handcrafted by the silversmith Thomas Lyte.

Results

YearHostsGold Medal GameBronze Medal GameNumber of Teams
GoldScoreSilverBronzeScoreFourth Place
1950 Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1] Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg
United States
Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1] Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
10
1954 Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg
United States
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1] Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg
Philippines
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1] Flag of France.svg
France
12
1959 Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1] Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg
United States
Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1]
Flag of the Republic of China.svg
Formosa
13
1963 Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg  Brazil Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg
Brazil
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1] Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1] Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
13
1967 Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1] Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg
Brazil
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1] Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
13
1970 Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1] Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
Brazil
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1] Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
13
1974 Flag of Puerto Rico (1952-1995).svg  Puerto Rico Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1] Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
No playoffs [lower-alpha 1] Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
14
1978 Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg  Philippines Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
82–81
OT
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
Brazil
86–85Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
14
1982 Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
95–94Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
119–117Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
13
1986 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
87–85Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
117–91Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
Brazil
24
1990 Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
92–75Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
107–105
OT
Flag of Puerto Rico (1952-1995).svg
Puerto Rico
16
1994 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
137–91Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
Flag of Croatia.svg
Croatia
78–60Flag of Greece.svg
Greece
16
1998 Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg
Yugoslavia
64–62Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
84–61Flag of Greece.svg
Greece
16
2002 Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg
Yugoslavia
84–77
OT
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Germany.svg
Germany
117–94Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
16
2006 Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
70–47Flag of Greece.svg
Greece
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
96–81Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
24
2010 Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
81–64Flag of Turkey.svg
Turkey
Flag of Lithuania.svg
Lithuania
99–88Flag of Serbia (2004-2010).svg
Serbia
24
2014 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
129–92Flag of Serbia.svg
Serbia
Flag of France.svg
France
95–93Flag of Lithuania.svg
Lithuania
24
2019 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Future eventFuture event32
2023 Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia
Future eventFuture event32

(expected)

Medal table

In the most current medal table released by FIBA as seen on the FIBA archive website, the 2014 championship is taken into account, and the records of SFR Yugoslavia and FR Yugoslavia are combined under "Yugoslavia". [18]

Previously, FIBA had a medal table from 1950 to 2006, [19] and another medal table that included results from 1950 to 2006, [20] that separated the results of SFR Yugoslavia/FR Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro respectively into "Yugoslavia" or "Serbia and Montenegro". The ranking of teams between the latter two medal tables are different, with the FIBA.com ranking by number of total medals, while the FIBA World Cup website's ranking is by number of gold medals. The number of medals won by the United States differs between the latter two medal tables, despite encompassing the same period. The latter two medal tables also do not include the results of the 2010 and 2014 championships.

Finally, a FIBA.com PDF linked from the FIBA.com history section that documents the championships from 1950 to 2002 also has a medal table that included tournaments from 1950 to 1998, which also separated pre-breakup Yugoslavia, called as "Yusgoslavia" [ sic ] from the post-breakup Yugoslavia, called as "Serbia and Montenegro", and ranked the teams by the number of total medals. [21]

The FIBA archive also lists the achievements of each national team, separating it per IOC codes. The national team representing Serbia's first international tournament is listed as 2007, [22] Serbia and Montenegro's tournament participation lasted from 2003 to 2006, [23] and Yugoslavia's participation was from 1947 to 2002. [24] Chinese Taipei was listed not to have participated in the World Cup, indeed its first participation in any FIBA tournament started in 1986; [25] a team called "Taiwan" participated from 1960 to 1973, [26] and a "Formosa" team joined from 1954 to 1959. [27]

Below is the FIBA table as seen from the FIBA archive website, updated with results since 1998. The records of SFR Yugoslavia and FR Yugoslavia (counted together as "Yugoslavia") are separated from records of Serbia and Serbia and Montenegro. In the case of the Soviet Union, their records also didn't carry over to Russia. [28]

Italics indicates nations that no longer exist.
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States 53412
2Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 53210
3Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 3328
4Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2226
5Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1102
6Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1001
7Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 0202
8Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 0101
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 0101
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 0101
11Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 0022
12Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 0011
Flag of France.svg  France 0011
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 0011
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 0011
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 0011
Totals (16 nations)17171751

Records and statistics

Three players Bira Maciel and Marcel De Souza of Brazil and Phil Smyth of Australia  – have appeared in five tournaments. [29] Six different players have won medals in four tournaments. Brazilian legend Oscar Schmidt is the runaway all-time leading scorer, scoring 843 career points in four tournaments, between 1978 and 1990. Nikos Galis of Greece, is the all-time leading scorer for a single tournament, averaging 33.7 points per game for the Greeks at the 1986 FIBA World Championship.

Serbian coach and former player Željko Obradović is the only person who won the title, both as a coach and a player. He was a member of the Yugoslavia team that won the 1990 FIBA World Championship and coached the Yugoslavia team that won the 1998 FIBA World Championship.

Awards

FIBA names a Most Valuable Player for each tournament. Since the tournament opened to NBA players at the 1994 tournament for the first time, NBA players have won five of the six MVP trophies awarded Shaquille O'Neal for the United States in 1994, Germany's Dirk Nowitzki at the 2002 tournament, Spain's Pau Gasol at the 2006 tournament, Kevin Durant for the United States at the 2010 tournament, and Kyrie Irving for the United States at the 2014 tournament. The only exception was Dejan Bodiroga of FR Yugoslavia, who was the MVP of the 1998 tournament, when the NBA players were not able to participate, due to the 1998–99 NBA lockout.

Tournament growth

The 2010 FIBA World Championship reached a global TV audience of 800 million people, across 171 countries, with the official website having 30 million views during the tournament.[ citation needed ] Both numbers broke the previous records set at the 2006 FIBA World Championship and at the EuroBasket 2009.[ citation needed ] Three of the games involving Lithuania were among the highest rated programs in that country. In China, 65 million watched the Chinese national team's game against Greece, in the preliminary round. [30] This was an improvement from the 2006 FIBA World Championship, which was held in Japan, and was shown in 150 countries. This meant that games aired in the morning in Europe and at night in the Americas; despite this, audiences broke records, with Italy's game against Slovenia achieving a 20% viewing share in Italy, Serbia's game against Nigeria netting a 33% share in Serbia, and a 600,000-audience in the United States for the US national team's game against Puerto Rico at 1 a.m. [31]

Before the 2010 FIBA World Championship started in Turkey, FIBA had already sold 350,000 tickets, for a revenue of between US$8 to 10 million. The number of tickets sold was 10% higher than 2006, although the revenue was less than 2006's US$18 million, which was widely attributed to the strong Japanese yen. Meanwhile, FIBA got two-thirds of marketing rights revenue, of which one-third, or about US$8 million, went to the local organizers. FIBA had also successfully negotiated TV rights deals, which all went to FIBA, worth US$25 million, including a TV rights deal with ESPN. [32] In 2006, the Japanese organizers were targeting to sell 180,000 tickets, mostly to a Japanese audience; as for the overseas audience, the Japanese organizers didn't "expect them in great numbers". This was seen as a big improvement from the 2002 tournament, which was a financial loss for USA Basketball and Indianapolis, in which all games were held in one city. This led to the Japanese organizers to hold games throughout the country, instead of just in a single city. [33]

At the most recent world championship, which was re-branded as the 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup, in Spain, FIBA reported impressive ratings from nations which were participating in the tournament during the first week of the group phase. Most games involving European teams had a market share of at least 20%, including a 40% market share in Finland, for the Finnish national team's game against the Dominican Republic. [34] The TV ratings in the United States beat out the 2014 US Tennis Open, but some US sports media still described viewers in the US as not caring about the FIBA Basketball World Cup. [35] In the Philippines, the entire tournament had an average reach of 67.8%. [36]

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 No final was played; teams played each other once in the final group round-robin; the best team with the best record wins the championship.

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