Modern pentathlon at the Summer Olympics

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Modern pentathlon at the Summer Olympics
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg
Governing body UIPM
Events2 (men: 1; women: 1)

Modern pentathlon is a sports contest created especially for the Summer Olympic Games by the founder of the modern Games, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, and was first contested in 1912. Coubertin was inspired by the pentathlon event in Ancient Olympic Games, which was modeled after the skills of the ideal soldier at the time.


The modern pentathlon simulates the experience of a 19th-century cavalry soldier behind enemy lines: he/she must ride an unfamiliar horse, fight with pistol and sword, swim, and run. Therefore, the modern pentathlon event comprises the five sport disciplines:


Modern pentathlon has been on the Olympic program continuously since 1912. A women's event was not included until the 2000 Games.

Event 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Men's individual25
Men's team11
Women's individual6
Total Events1111111222222222221222222

Medal table

1Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)98522
2Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)97521
3Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)55515
4Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)4105
5Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)3014
6Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)2237
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)2237
8Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)2013
9Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania  (LTU)1214
10Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)1012
11Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)1001
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)1001
13Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)0639
14Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)0145
15Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)0123
16Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia  (TCH)0112
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team  (EUN)0112
18Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)0101
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia  (LAT)0101
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)0101
21Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)0022
22Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)0011
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)0011
Totals (23 nations)404040120

Nations and number of national participants

Nation96000408 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina  (ARG)    331325
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)    1333322131312212217
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)    123333231110
Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain  (BRN)    332
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)    234415
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)    4333116
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)    333331211210
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria  (BUL)    33332117
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)    333223228
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile  (CHI)    23313117
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)    11234447
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei  (TPE)    122
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)    122
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)    33334
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia  (TCH)    2321133339
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)    443211321110
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR)    31
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt  (EGY)    3331233310
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia  (EST)    1113
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)    2333333333333313
Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)    24431333133333333234333424
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia  (GEO)    11
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany  (EUA)    332
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)    1333332344411
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)    34433333333333333312244427
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)    11124
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala  (GUA)    111125
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)    1333333333333334444420
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland  (IRL)    3223
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)    1433333131333133333444423
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)    2333333113311
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)    222225
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan  (KGZ)    122
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia  (LAT)    31222217
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania  (LTU)    31124337
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco  (MAR)    21
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)    222333333233322222219
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)    1431336
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)    11
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)    2223
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru  (PER)    112
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)    333333323443314
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)    12331117
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania  (ROU)    3331116
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)    53344437
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa  (RSA)    1311116
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea  (KOR)    1333123339
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)    3333333339
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)    32333317
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)    124433333333333333312121
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  (SUI)    3333131331111114
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia  (TUN)    31
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey  (TUR)    11
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)    1313436
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team  (EUN)    31
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)    1243333333333333314443323
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay  (URU)    33114
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany  (FRG)    333335
Nations    1071114101616191623151820171718263022242627262857
Athletes    322338372442455140603748594743526566324864727272823+
Year96000408 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

See also

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    Article TitleTowards the Complete Athlete: Modern Pentathlon and the Pursuit of Human Achievement
    AuthorSandra Heck
    Periodical TitleNorth American Society For Sport History. Proceedings And Newsletter
    Paginationp. 31-32
    TypeText, Article
    RightsPublished with permission of the North American Society for Sport History
    NotesNorth American Society for Sport History Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference Coronado Springs Resort, Orlando, Florida May 28-31, 2010