Speed skating at the Winter Olympics

Last updated
Speed skating at the Winter Olympics
Speed skating pictogram.svg
Governing body ISU
Events14 (men: 7; women: 7)
Games

Speed skating has been featured as a sport in the Winter Olympics since the first winter games in 1924. Women's events were added to the Olympic program for the first time in 1960 Squaw Valley Olympics.

Contents

History

The governing body for speed skating, the International Skating Union (ISU), was included in the list of recognized federations when the International Olympic Committee was founded, but was first discussed seriously for the 1908 Summer Olympics in London. No speed skating events were contested, although figure skating – also governed by the ISU – was on the programme. The preliminary calendar for the 1916 Summer Olympics, to be held in Berlin, listed a 3-event allround competition, [1] but these Games were cancelled because of World War I.

The International Winter Sports Week in Chamonix, retro-actively dubbed the 1924 Winter Olympics, contained five speed skating events. Uncommon for the time, it not only included an all-round competition, but also awarded medals for the individual distances: 500 m, 1500 m, 5000 m and 10000 m. The all-round event was dropped before the 1928 Games, even though it remained the only World Championship format in the sport until the 1970s; single distance World Championships were not established until 1996.

The 1932 speed skating events were held according to the North American rules, meaning the skaters competed in small packs of skaters (the format paved the way for the development of short track speed skating), instead of the common against-the-clock format. These Games in Lake Placid, New York also saw the first female speed skaters at the Olympics in a set of demonstration events, with all victories being achieved by North American athletes. Women's events were also set to be held at the 1940 Winter Olympics, [1] which were cancelled. After the war, they were withdrawn again by the decision of the IOC until the 1960 Olympics in Squaw Valley, when the women skated 500 m, 1000 m, 1500 m and 3000 m.

Following the introduction of World Sprint Championships in the early 1970s, the 1000 m for men was added in Innsbruck 1976, while the women's 5000 m, reinstated by the ISU as an official distance in 1981, made its Olympic debut in 1988. The latest addition to the Olympic speed skating programme is the team pursuit, which was added for the 2006 Turin Games. Its inclusion was remarkable as it had not yet been contested at a senior World Championship in the form skated at the Olympics at the time of inclusion. It had however been contested at a senior World Championship, the Dutch team won the 2005 title in Inzell, but in that form they only had to skate once and be the fastest, while the Olympic form required three starts.

At the 2010 Winter Olympics, Haralds Silovs became the first athlete in Olympic history to participate in both short track (1500m) and long track (5000m) speed skating, and the first to compete in two different disciplines on the same day. [2] [3] [4] [5]

Events

Men's

The following table shows when events were contested at each Games. Women's events were demonstrated in 1932.

= official event, (d) = demonstration event

Event 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 Years
500 metres 23
1000 metres 12
1500 metres 23
5000 metres 23
10000 metres [6] 23
all-round 1
mass start 1
team pursuit 4
Total events53444444444555555556667

Women's

= official event, (d) = demonstration event

Event 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 Years
500 metres (d) 16
1000 metres (d) 16
1500 metres (d) 16
3000 metres 16
5000 metres 8
mass start 1
team pursuit 4
Total events53444444444555555556667

Medal table

Updated after the 2018 Winter Olympics.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)424039121
2Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)29221768
3Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)27292884
4Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)24171960
5Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)13151038
6Flag of Canada.svg  Canada  (CAN)9131537
7Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR)812929
8Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)78924
9Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)74516
10Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea  (KOR)58316
11Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)471021
12Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)35513
13Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)3227
14Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany  (FRG)3003
15Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)2024
16Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)1348
17Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)1236
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)1236
19Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany  (EUA)1102
20Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)0112
21Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)0101
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea  (PRK)0101
23Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)0011
Olympic flag.svg  Olympic Athletes from Russia  (OAR)0011
Totals (24 nations)190193186569

Number of speed skaters by country

    = Countries that did not participate in the Olympic Winter Games in that year or didn't exist at the time.
Country 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18 Years
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)11121212242211115
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)3833427314433541112220
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)2451146
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)42132121112312
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands  (IVB)11
Flag of Canada.svg  Canada  (CAN)1371443547108871691317161816151923
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)1312410612121514101311
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei  (TPE)132
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia  (COL)21
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia  (TCH)2132126
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)112235
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)111135
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia  (EST)2123
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)3615566710864432313443322
Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)4213351212411123117
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)32114151413131314911
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany  (EUA)412133
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR)129910116
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany  (FRG)9734756
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)4353323522612114
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)115243121221113
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)436324263334548856919
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)476588121398913151718201919171620
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)87845667
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea  (PRK)96645217
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea  (KOR)34542425665913121416151618
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia  (LAT)1131111119
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania  (LTU)11
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia  (MGL)332225
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)2547655910791111141316172019202021
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)11134
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)586712121169141491187881081099923
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)112342334534510101416
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)11
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania  (ROU)323422218
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)1218131917206
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)121618189161617179
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team  (EUN)191
Olympic flag.svg  Olympic Athletes from Russia  (OAR)41
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)211169791012119967851231122
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  (SUI)5233111111211
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)2423
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)641259781515181614111317191714171818171323
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg  Yugoslavia  (YUG)4223
Countries101461615141817221918192024212321252319242329
Speed skaters31403152686788103137137118122127139142155151171166175180179184
Year 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 18

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 Kluge 1995, page ?.
  2. "Latvia's quick-change artist makes Olympic history". Toronto Star. 2010-02-14. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
  3. Harris, Beth (2010-02-13). "Latvian speedskater is 1st to do double duty". Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-02-19.[ dead link ]
  4. CTV Olympics, "Latvian skater makes Olympic history", Agence France Press, 14 February 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
  5. New York Times, "Crosstown Ride to a Speedskating First", Associated Press, 30 January 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
  6. The 10000 m event at the 1928 Games was cancelled during the fifth heat due to thawing ice.

Bibliography

  • Kluge, Volker. Olympische Winterspiele: Die Chronik - Chamonix 1924 - Lillehammer 1994. Berlin, Germany: Sportverlag, 2nd revised and updated edition, 1994. ISBN   3-328-00631-1

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