1932 Winter Olympics

Last updated

III Olympic Winter Games
1932 Winter Olympics.svg
Host city Lake Placid, New York, United States
Nations17
Athletes252 (231 men, 21 women)
Events14 in 4 sports (7 disciplines)
OpeningFebruary 4
ClosingFebruary 15
Opened by
Stadium Olympic Stadium Lake Placid
Winter
St. Moritz 1928 Garmisch 1936
Summer
Amsterdam 1928 Los Angeles 1932

The 1932 Winter Olympics, officially known as the III Olympic Winter Games, were a winter multi-sport event in the United States, held in Lake Placid, New York. The games opened on February 4 and closed on February 15. It was the first of four Winter Olympics held in the United States; Lake Placid hosted again in 1980.

Contents

The games were awarded to Lake Placid in part by the efforts of Godfrey Dewey, head of the Lake Placid Club and son of Melvil Dewey, inventor of the Dewey Decimal System. [1] California also had a bid for the 1932 Winter Games. William May Garland, president of the California X Olympiad Association, wanted the games to take place in Wrightwood and Big Pines, California. The world's largest ski jump at the time was constructed in Big Pines for the event, [2] but the games were ultimately awarded to Lake Placid.

Highlights

Events

A WPA poster,
advertising the bobsled run Olympic Bobsled Run Lake Placid2.jpg
A WPA poster,
advertising the bobsled run

Medals were awarded in 14 events contested in 4 sports (7 disciplines).

Demonstration sports

The Games also included events in three demonstration sports.

Venues

VenueSportsCapacityRef.
Intervales Ski-Hill Nordic combined (ski jumping), Ski jumping 9,200 [9]
Lake Placid Cross-country skiing, Nordic combined (cross-country skiing)Not listed. [10]
Mt. Van Hoevenberg Bob-Run Bobsleigh 12,500 [11]
Olympic Arena Figure skating, Ice hockey (final)3,360 [12]
Olympic Stadium Ice hockey, Speed skating 7,475 [13]

Participating nations

The Olympic Bobsled run from the air File BobsleighrunLP.JPG
The Olympic Bobsled run from the air

Athletes from 17 nations competed in these Games, down from 25 nations at the previous Games in 1928. Argentina, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, and Yugoslavia did not send athletes to Lake Placid.

Participating National Olympic Committees

Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees

Medal count

III Olympic Winter Games U.S. commemorative stamp (1932) III Olympic Winter Games Lake Placid 2c 1932 issue U.S. stamp.jpg
III Olympic Winter Games U.S. commemorative stamp (1932)
  Host country
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1US flag 48 stars.svg  United States*64212
2Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 34310
3Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1203
4Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada 1157
5Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 1113
6Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 1102
7Flag of France.svg  France 1001
8Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 0101
9Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Germany 0022
10Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946; 3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Hungary 0011
Totals (10 nations)14141442

Podium sweeps

DateSportEventNOCGoldSilverBronze
11 February Nordic combined Individual Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Johan Grøttumsbråten Ole Stenen Hans Vinjarengen
12 February Ski jumping Normal hill Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Birger Ruud Hans Beck Kaare Wahlberg

See also

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Jack Shea (speed skater) American speed skater

John Amos Shea, better known as Jack Shea or The Chief, was an American double-gold medalist in speed skating at the 1932 Winter Olympics. He was the first American to win two gold medals at one Winter Olympics, and was the patriarch of the first family with three generations of Winter Olympians. Along with his compatriot Irving Jaffee, he was the most successful athlete at the 1932 Winter Olympics.

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For the 1932 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, United States, a total of five sports venues were used. This was unchanged from the previous games in St. Moritz. For the first time in the history of the Winter Olympics, an indoor venue was used for the figure skating and six of the twelve ice hockey events at the Olympic Arena. The first bobsleigh venue outside Europe was constructed for use. Four different 18 km and five different 50 km venues were submitted for approval prior to the Olympics. After the 1932 games, three of these venues served as host for their respective championships that were held outside Europe for the first time.

Venues of the 1980 Winter Olympics

For the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, United States, a total of seven sports venues were used. All five of the venues used for the 1932 Winter Olympics were also used at the 1980 Winter Games with adjustments. These adjustments included electronic scoreboards, increased refrigeration, and the addition of a separate luge track. This was the last Winter Olympics where there were separate bobsleigh and luge tracks. The closest finish in Olympic history in cross-country skiing led skiing officials to time future events in hundredths of a second rather than tenths of a second. This would also apply to biathlon events. Eric Heiden of the United States won five gold medals at the speed skating oval while the "Miracle on Ice" took place between Americans and Soviets at the Olympic Center. In the late 1990s, the luge track was demolished and a new combination track was constructed in time for the only Winter Goodwill Games held. The sliding venue was named to the American National Register of Historical Places in February 2010.

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References

  1. Lund, Morten (January 21, 2014). "How the Olympics Came to a Sleepy Adirondack Village". International Skiing History Association. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  2. Strege, Dave (August 21, 2013). "Mountain High makeover". Orange County Register . Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  3. Martin, D. E., Martin, D. A., & Gynn, R. W. (2000). The olympic marathon. Human Kinetics. p. 146.
  4. In a letter dated May 1931, the IOC president, Count Henri de Baillet-Latour, advised the organizing committees of both summer and winter games that athletes should "stand on three pedestals, with the centre one higher than the two others." See Martin (2000) and Olympic.org article "1932: THE PODIUM MAKES ITS OLYMPIC DEBUT".
  5. IOC (October 20, 2017). "1932: THE PODIUM MAKES ITS OLYMPIC DEBUT". Archived from the original on August 4, 2020. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  6. Greenspan, Bud, 100 Greatest Moments in Olympic History, General Publishing Group, Inc., 1995, pp. 88
  7. Johnson, William Oscar, The Olympics: A History of the Games, Oxmoor House, Inc., 1993, pp. 60-61.
  8. King, D. (2015). Speed Kings: The 1932 Winter Olympics and the Fastest Men in the World.
  9. 1932 Winter Olympics official report. Archived April 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine pp. 141-4. Accessed 12 October 2010.
  10. 1932 Winter Olympics official report. Archived April 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine pp. 145-6, 199. Accessed 12 October 2010.
  11. 1932 Winter Olympic Games official report. Archived April 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine pp. 30, 39-41, 50-1, 141, 157-66. Accessed 12 October 2010.
  12. 1932 Winter Olympics official report. Archived April 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine pp. 141, 150-57. Accessed 12 October 2010.
  13. 1932 Winter Olympics official report. Archived April 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine pp. 141, 147-50. Accessed 12 October 2010.

Coordinates: 44°17′06″N73°59′06″W / 44.285°N 73.985°W / 44.285; -73.985

Preceded by
St. Moritz
Winter Olympics
Lake Placid

III Olympic Winter Games (1932)
Succeeded by
Garmisch-Partenkirchen