World Para Athletics Championships

Last updated
World Para Athletics Championships
Most recent season or competition:
2017 World Para Athletics Championships
FormerlyIPC Athletics World Championships (1994–2017)
Sport Athletics
Founded1994
ContinentInternational (IPC)

The World Para Athletics Championships, known as the IPC Athletics World Championships prior to 2017, are a biennial Paralympic athletics event organized by World Para Athletics, a subcommittee of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). It features athletics events contested by athletes with physical and intellectual disabilities. The first IPC Athletics World Championships were held in Berlin, Germany in 1994. [1] [2]

Paralympic athletics paralympic sport

Paralympic athletics is a disabled sport practiced by athletes with a physical disability who have competed at separate international events since 1952. It is governed by the International Paralympic Committee through its World Para Athletics subcommittee, and has been one of the sports at the Summer Paralympic Games since 1960.

International Paralympic Committee global governing body for the paralympic movement

The International Paralympic Committee is an international non-profit organisation and the global governing body for the Paralympic Movement. The IPC organizes the Paralympic Games and functions as the international federation for nine sports. Founded on 22 September 1989 in Düsseldorf, Germany, its mission is "To enable Paralympic athletes to achieve sporting excellence and inspire and excite the world". Furthermore, the IPC wants to promote the Paralympic values and to create sport opportunities for all persons with a disability, from beginner to elite level.

A physical disability is a limitation on a person's physical functioning, mobility, dexterity or stamina. Other physical disabilities include impairments which limit other facets of daily living, such as respiratory disorders, blindness, epilepsy and sleep disorders.

Contents

They are a Paralympic parallel to the IAAF World Championships in Athletics for able-bodied athletes. Since 2011, when they switched from a quadrennial scheduling to biennial, the IPC championships have been held in the same years as the IAAF championships, although they are separate events and were not necessarily held in the same host city. In 2017, London, which previously hosted the 2012 Summer Paralympics, became the first city to host both the IAAF World Championships and World Para Athletics Championships in the same year. [3] [4]

IAAF World Championships in Athletics international athletics tournament

The IAAF World Championships, commonly referred to as the World Championships in Athletics, is a biennial athletics event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). The World Championships was started in 1976 in response to the International Olympic Committee dropping the men's 50 km walk from the Olympic athletics programme for the 1976 Montreal Olympics, despite its constant presence at the games since 1932. The IAAF chose to host its own world championship event instead, a month and a half after the Olympics. It was the first World Championships that the IAAF had hosted separate from the Olympic Games. A second limited event was held in 1980, and a major expansion in 1983 is considered the official start of the event. It was then held every four years until 1991, when it switched to a two year cycle.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

2012 Summer Paralympics sportive event

The 2012 Summer Paralympics, the 14th Summer Paralympic Games, and also more generally known as the London 2012 Paralympic Games, were a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), that took place in London, United Kingdom from 29 August to 9 September 2012. These Paralympics were one of the largest multi-sport events ever held in the United Kingdom after the 2012 Summer Olympics, and until the date the largest Paralympics ever: 4,302 athletes from 164 National Paralympic Committees participated, with fourteen countries appearing in the Paralympics for the first time ever.

Championships

Senior

EditionYearCityCountryDateVenueNo. of
Events
No. of
Athletes
Best Nation
11994 ( details ) Berlin Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 22–31 July Berlin Olympiastadion 1154
21998 ( details ) Birmingham Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 6–16 August Alexander Stadium + 1000Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
32002 ( details ) Lille Flag of France.svg  France 20–28 July Stadium Nord Lille Métropole Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
42006 ( details ) Assen Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2–10 September Sports Park Stadsbroek Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
52011 ( details ) Christchurch Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 21–30 January Queen Elizabeth II Park 2131060Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
62013 ( details ) Lyon Flag of France.svg  France 19–28 July Stade du Rhône 2071073Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
72015 ( details ) Doha Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar 22–31 October Suheim Bin Hamad Stadium 2121230Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
82017 ( details ) London Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 14–23 July Olympic Stadium, Stratford 2131074Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
92019 ( details ) Dubai Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 7–15 November

Junior (U18 and U20)

EditionYearCityCountryDateVenueNo. of
Events
No. of
Athletes
Best Nation
12017 ( details ) Nottwil Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 3-6 August Sport Arena Nottwil 275Flag of the United States.svg  United States

All-time medal table (Junior)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)1881036
2Flag of Iran.svg  Iran  (IRN)125522
3Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)114520
4Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)87318
5Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia  (COL)84214
6Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)76316
7Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)7029
8Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia  (AUS)56920
9Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)55616
10Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)55515
11Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa  (SAF)4015
12Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)3418
13Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey  (TUR)3115
14Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina  (ARG)25310
15Flag of India.svg  India  (IND)2305
16Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)2215
17Flag of Chile.svg  Chile  (CHI)2204
18Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)2125
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador  (ECU)2125
20Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia  (KSA)2002
21Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)14510
22Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia  (CRO)1304
23Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)1214
24Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)1102
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland  (SUI)1102
26Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria  (BUL)1012
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)1012
28Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates  (UAE)0527
29Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)0303
30Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)0224
31Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)0213
32Commonwealth Games Federation Logo.svg  Commonwealth Games Federation  (CGF)0101
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)0101
34Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)0011
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland  (ISL)0011
Totals (35 nations)1179476287


Classification

A sighted guide is a person who guides a person with blindness or vision impairment.

Cerebral palsy A group of disorders affecting the development of movement and posture, often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, perception, cognition, and behavior. It results from damage to the fetal or infant brain.

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of permanent movement disorders that appear in early childhood. Signs and symptoms vary among people. Often, symptoms include poor coordination, stiff muscles, weak muscles, and tremors. There may be problems with sensation, vision, hearing, swallowing, and speaking. Often, babies with cerebral palsy do not roll over, sit, crawl or walk as early as other children of their age. Other symptoms include seizures and problems with thinking or reasoning, which each occur in about one third of people with CP. While symptoms may get more noticeable over the first few years of life, underlying problems do not worsen over time.

Amputation removal of a body extremity by trauma, prolonged constriction, or surgery

Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery. As a surgical measure, it is used to control pain or a disease process in the affected limb, such as malignancy or gangrene. In some cases, it is carried out on individuals as a preventative surgery for such problems. A special case is that of congenital amputation, a congenital disorder, where fetal limbs have been cut off by constrictive bands. In some countries, amputation of the hands, feet or other body parts is or was used as a form of punishment for people who committed crimes. Amputation has also been used as a tactic in war and acts of terrorism; it may also occur as a war injury. In some cultures and religions, minor amputations or mutilations are considered a ritual accomplishment.

See also

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Paralympic Games major international sport event for people with disabilities

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Paralympic sports

The Paralympic sports comprise all the sports contested in the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games. As of 2016, the Summer Paralympics included 22 sports and 526 medal events, and the Winter Paralympics include 5 sports and disciplines and about 72 events. The number and kinds of events may change from one Paralympic Games to another.

Cheating at the Paralympic Games has caused scandals that have significantly changed the way in which the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) manages the events.

Winter Paralympic Games international multi-sport event where athletes with physical disabilities compete in snow & ice sports

The Winter Paralympic Games is an international multi-sport event where athletes with physical disabilities compete in snow & ice sports. This includes athletes with mobility disabilities, amputations, blindness, and cerebral palsy. The Winter Paralympic Games are held every four years directly following the Winter Olympic Games. The Winter Paralympics are also hosted by the city that hosted the Winter Olympics. The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) oversees the Winter Paralympics. Medals are awarded in each event: with gold medals for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, following the tradition that the Olympic Games started in 1904.

Rheed McCracken Australian male athletics Paralympian

Rheed McCracken is an Australian Paralympic athletics competitor. At the 2012 Summer Paralympics, he won a silver and bronze medal in T34 athletics events. His success led him to be named the 2012 Junior Athlete of the Year as part of the Australian Paralympian of the Year Awards. He represented Australia at the 2016 Rio Paralympics where he repeated his medal success at the London Paralympics.

José Antonio Expósito Pineiro is a Paralympic athlete from Spain.

LW5/7 is a standing para-Alpine and para-Nordic skiing classification for skiers with upper extremity issues in both limbs that may include double amputation of both arms and hands or dysmelia of the upper limbs. The class has three subclasses defined by the location of the disability on the upper extremities. International classification is done by IPC Alpine Skiing and IPC Nordic Skiing. On the national level, classification is handled by national sports federation such as Cross-Country Canada.

LW6/8

LW6/8 is a para-Alpine and para-Nordic standing skiing sport class, a classification defined by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) for people with an upper extremity issue who have paralysis, motor paresis affecting one arm, a single upper arm amputation or CP8 classified cerebral palsy. LW6/8 skiers use two skis and one pole in both para-Alpine and para-Nordic skiing.

2012 IPC Athletics European Championships

The 2012 IPC Athletics European Championships was a track and field competition for athletes with a disability open to International Paralympic Committee (IPC) affiliated countries within Europe. It was held in Stadskanaal, Netherlands and lasted from 23 to 28 June. The event was held in the Stadskanaal Stadium and was the last major European disability athletics event before the forthcoming 2012 Summer Paralympics in London. Approximately 550 athletes from 38 countries attended the games. Several countries used the Championships to finalise the remaining places for the Paralympics.

The World Para Athletics European Championships, known prior to 2018 as the IPC Athletics European Championships is an event organized by World Para Athletics, the international athletics federation established under the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) in 2016. Athletes with a physical disability compete, and there is also a specific category for athletes with an intellectual disability. Organised biennially, the original Games ran from 2003-2005 as an Open Championship but the event was frozen in 2005, but returned in 2012 in Stadskanaal, Netherlands.

2014 IPC Athletics European Championships

The 2014 IPC Athletics European Championships was a track and field competition for athletes with a disability open to International Paralympic Committee (IPC) affiliated countries within Europe. It was held in Swansea, Wales and lasted from 18 to 23 August. The competition was staged at Swansea University Stadium. Approximately 550 athletes from 37 countries attended the games.

The World Para Powerlifting Championships, known before 30 November 2016 as the IPC Powerlifting World Championships, is an event organized by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). Competitors with a physical disability compete, and in a few events athletes with an intellectual disability compete. First held in 1994, the competition is held every four years.

2015 IPC Swimming World Championships

The 2015 IPC Swimming World Championships was an international swimming competition for athletes with a disability. It was held in Glasgow, United Kingdom and took place from 13 to 19 July. Around 580 athletes from around 70 different countries competed at the games, with Russia topping the tables with most gold medals and medals won. The event was held at the Tollcross International Swimming Centre located within Tollcross Park in Glasgow. Initially awarded as the IPC Swimming European Championships, the event was upgraded to a World Championship after a change to the IPC calendar.

Ahmad Almutairi is a Kuwaiti para-sport athlete who competes as a T33 classification track and field athlete and as a wheelchair basketball player, both at national level. Despite the fact that Almutairi held the Paralympic world record for his classification in the 100m, 200m, 400m and 800m events, major world titles alluded him due to the fact that his classification was under-represented and he was forced to compete against less severely disabled athletes in the T44 class. He eventually won a gold medal at the 2016 Summer Paralympics.

Nicholas Hum

Nicholas "Nic" Hum is an Australian Paralympic athlete with an intellectual disability. He represented Australia at the 2016 Rio Paralympics in athletics.

2017 World Para Athletics Championships

The 2017 World Para Athletics Championships were a Paralympic track and field meet organized by the World Para Athletics subcommittee of the International Paralympic Committee, held at London Stadium in London from 14 to 23 July 2017. It was the 8th edition of the event, formerly known as the IPC Athletics World Championship prior to 2017, and featured 213 medal events.

The 2019 World Para Athletics Championships is an upcoming Paralympic track and field meet organized by the World Para Athletics subcommittee of the International Paralympic Committee. It will be held in Dubai, United Arab Emirates on 7-15 November, 2019. It is the 9th edition of the event, formerly known as the IPC Athletics World Championship prior to 2017.

2018 World Para Athletics European Championships

The 2018 World Para Athletics European Championships was a track and field competition for athletes with a disability open to International Paralympic Committee (IPC) affiliated countries within Europe. It was held in Berlin, Germany and took place between the 20th and 26th August 2018 at the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark. 596 athletes from 35 countries competed during the championships.

References

  1. IPC Athletics World Championships To Begin in France, International Paralympic Committee, 19 July 2002
  2. The cultural politics of the paralympic movement, By David Howe, 2008, Social Science, Google Books
  3. Hart, Simon (18 October 2012). "Olympic Stadium set to host 2017 World Paralympic Championships". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  4. "London named host city for 2017 Paralympic World Championships". BBC sport. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
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