World Para Athletics Championships

Last updated
World Para Athletics Championships
Most recent season or competition:
2017 World Para Athletics Championships
FormerlyIPC Athletics World Championships (1994–2017)
Sport Athletics
Founded1994
ContinentInternational (IPC)

The World Para Athletics Championships, known as the IPC Athletics World Championships prior to 2017, are a biennial Paralympic athletics event organized by World Para Athletics, a subcommittee of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). It features athletics events contested by athletes with physical and intellectual disabilities. The first IPC Athletics World Championships were held in Berlin, Germany in 1994. [1] [2]

Paralympic athletics paralympic sport

Paralympic athletics is a disabled sport practiced by athletes with a physical disability who have competed at separate international events since 1952. It is governed by the International Paralympic Committee through its World Para Athletics subcommittee, and has been one of the sports at the Summer Paralympic Games since 1960.

International Paralympic Committee global governing body for the paralympic movement

The International Paralympic Committee is an international non-profit organisation and the global governing body for the Paralympic Movement. The IPC organizes the Paralympic Games and functions as the international federation for nine sports. Founded on 22 September 1989 in Düsseldorf, Germany, its mission is to "enable Paralympic athletes to achieve sporting excellence and inspire and excite the world". Furthermore, the IPC wants to promote the Paralympic values and to create sport opportunities for all persons with a disability, from beginner to elite level.

A physical disability is a limitation on a person's physical functioning, mobility, dexterity or stamina. Other physical disabilities include impairments which limit other facets of daily living, such as respiratory disorders, blindness, epilepsy and sleep disorders.

Contents

They are a Paralympic parallel to the IAAF World Championships in Athletics for able-bodied athletes. Since 2011, when they switched from a quadrennial scheduling to biennial, the IPC championships have been held in the same years as the IAAF championships, although they are separate events and were not necessarily held in the same host city. In 2017, London, which previously hosted the 2012 Summer Paralympics, became the first city to host both the IAAF World Championships and World Para Athletics Championships in the same year. [3] [4]

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital of and largest city in England and the United Kingdom, with the largest municipal population in the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

2012 Summer Paralympics sportive event

The 2012 Summer Paralympics, the 14th Summer Paralympic Games, and also more generally known as the London 2012 Paralympic Games, were a major international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), that took place in London, United Kingdom from 29 August to 9 September 2012. These Paralympics were one of the largest multi-sport events ever held in the United Kingdom after the 2012 Summer Olympics, and until the date the largest Paralympics ever: 4,302 athletes from 164 National Paralympic Committees participated, with fourteen countries appearing in the Paralympics for the first time ever.

Championships

Senior

EditionYearCityCountryDateVenueNo. of
Events
No. of
Athletes
Best Nation
11994 ( details ) Berlin Germany22–31 July Berlin Olympiastadion 1154
21998 ( details ) Birmingham United Kingdom6–16 August Alexander Stadium + 1000Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
32002 ( details ) Lille France20–28 July Stadium Nord Lille Métropole Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
42006 ( details ) Assen Netherlands2–10 September Sports Park Stadsbroek Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
52011 ( details ) Christchurch New Zealand21–30 January Queen Elizabeth II Park 2131060Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
62013 ( details ) Lyon France19–28 July Stade du Rhône 2071073Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
72015 ( details ) Doha Qatar22–31 October Suheim Bin Hamad Stadium 2121230Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
82017 ( details ) London United Kingdom14–23 July Olympic Stadium, Stratford 2131074Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
92019 ( details ) Dubai United Arab Emirates7–15 NovemberDubai Club for People with Determination

Junior (U18 and U20)

EditionYearCityCountryDateVenueNo. of
Events
No. of
Athletes
Best Nation
12017 ( details ) Nottwil Switzerland3-6 August Sport Arena Nottwil 275Flag of the United States.svg  United States
22019 ( details ) Nottwil Switzerland1-4 August Sport Arean Nottwil Flag of the United States.svg  United States

All-time medal table (Junior)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)34111156
2Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)1513735
3Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)1512936
4Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)1510631
5Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)13141138
6Flag of India.svg  India  (IND)139628
7Flag of Iran.svg  Iran  (IRN)125522
8Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa  (RSA)1110627
9Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)111416
10Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)991331
11Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia  (COL)85316
12Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey  (TUR)83213
13Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)68216
14Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia  (AUS)56920
15Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)5409
16Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador  (ECU)53210
17Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)5229
18Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia  (CRO)38112
19Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina  (ARG)36413
20Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)3519
21Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)3418
22Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates  (UAE)28515
23Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)27918
24Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia  (KSA)2406
25Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland  (SUI)2327
26Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)2226
27Flag of Chile.svg  Chile  (CHI)2204
28Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria  (BUL)2114
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius  (MRI)2114
30Flag of Brunei.svg  Brunei  (BRN)2024
31Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)13711
32Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)1236
33Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland  (IRL)1203
34Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt  (EGY)1124
35Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)1102
36Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland  (ISL)1012
37Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)0246
38Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)0213
39Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)0123
40Commonwealth Games Federation Logo.svg  Commonwealth Games Federation  (CGF)0101
Totals (40 nations)226191147564

Classification

A sighted guide is a person who guides a person with blindness or vision impairment.

Cerebral palsy A group of disorders affecting the development of movement and posture, often accompanied by disturbances of sensation, perception, cognition, and behavior. It results from damage to the fetal or infant brain.

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of permanent movement disorders that appear in early childhood. Signs and symptoms vary among people and over time. Often, symptoms include poor coordination, stiff muscles, weak muscles, and tremors. There may be problems with sensation, vision, hearing, swallowing, and speaking. Often, babies with cerebral palsy do not roll over, sit, crawl or walk as early as other children of their age. Other symptoms include seizures and problems with thinking or reasoning, which each occur in about one third of people with CP. While symptoms may get more noticeable over the first few years of life, underlying problems do not worsen over time.

Amputation removal of a body extremity by trauma, prolonged constriction, or surgery

Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery. As a surgical measure, it is used to control pain or a disease process in the affected limb, such as malignancy or gangrene. In some cases, it is carried out on individuals as a preventative surgery for such problems. A special case is that of congenital amputation, a congenital disorder, where fetal limbs have been cut off by constrictive bands. In some countries, amputation of the hands, feet or other body parts is or was used as a form of punishment for people who committed crimes. Amputation has also been used as a tactic in war and acts of terrorism; it may also occur as a war injury. In some cultures and religions, minor amputations or mutilations are considered a ritual accomplishment.

See also

Related Research Articles

Sport of athletics Sports involving running, jumping, throwing, and walking

Athletics is a collection of sporting events that involve competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking. The most common types of athletics competitions are track and field, road running, cross country running, and race walking.

Paralympic Games Major international sport event for people with disabilities

The Paralympic Games or Paralympics are a periodic series of international multi-sport events involving athletes with a range of disabilities, including impaired muscle power, impaired passive range of movement, limb deficiency, leg length difference, short stature, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis, vision impairment and intellectual impairment. There are Winter and Summer Paralympic Games, which since the 1988 Summer Games in Seoul, South Korea, are held almost immediately following the respective Olympic Games. All Paralympic Games are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).

Paralympic sports

The Paralympic sports comprise all the sports contested in the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games. As of 2016, the Summer Paralympics included 22 sports and 526 medal events, and the Winter Paralympics include 5 sports and disciplines and about 72 events. The number and kinds of events may change from one Paralympic Games to another.

Cheating at the Paralympic Games has caused scandals that have significantly changed the way in which the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) manages the events.

Rheed McCracken Australian male athletics Paralympian

Rheed McCracken is an Australian Paralympic athletics competitor. At the 2012 Summer Paralympics, he won a silver and bronze medal in T34 athletics events. His success led him to be named the 2012 Junior Athlete of the Year as part of the Australian Paralympian of the Year Awards. He represented Australia at the 2016 Rio Paralympics where he repeated his medal success at the London Paralympics.

José Antonio Expósito Pineiro is a Paralympic athlete from Spain.

LW5/7 is a standing para-Alpine and para-Nordic skiing classification for skiers with upper extremity issues in both limbs that may include double amputation of both arms and hands or dysmelia of the upper limbs. The class has three subclasses defined by the location of the disability on the upper extremities. International classification is done by IPC Alpine Skiing and IPC Nordic Skiing. On the national level, classification is handled by national sports federation such as Cross-Country Canada.

LW6/8

LW6/8 is a para-Alpine and para-Nordic standing skiing sport class, a classification defined by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) for people with an upper extremity issue who have paralysis, motor paresis affecting one arm, a single upper arm amputation or CP8 classified cerebral palsy. LW6/8 skiers use two skis and one pole in both para-Alpine and para-Nordic skiing.

2012 IPC Athletics European Championships

The 2012 IPC Athletics European Championships was a track and field competition for athletes with a disability open to International Paralympic Committee (IPC) affiliated countries within Europe. It was held in Stadskanaal, Netherlands and lasted from 23 to 28 June. The event was held in the Stadskanaal Stadium and was the last major European disability athletics event before the forthcoming 2012 Summer Paralympics in London. Approximately 550 athletes from 38 countries attended the games. Several countries used the Championships to finalise the remaining places for the Paralympics.

The World Para Athletics European Championships, known prior to 2018 as the IPC Athletics European Championships is an event organized by World Para Athletics, the international athletics federation established under the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) in 2016. Athletes with a physical disability compete, and there is also a specific category for athletes with an intellectual disability. Organised biennially, the original Games ran from 2003-2005 as an Open Championship but the event was frozen in 2005, but returned in 2012 in Stadskanaal, Netherlands.

2014 IPC Athletics European Championships

The 2014 IPC Athletics European Championships was a track and field competition for athletes with a disability open to International Paralympic Committee (IPC) affiliated countries within Europe. It was held in Swansea, Wales and lasted from 18 to 23 August. The competition was staged at Swansea University Stadium. Approximately 550 athletes from 37 countries attended the games.

2015 IPC Swimming World Championships

The 2015 IPC Swimming World Championships was an international swimming competition for athletes with a disability. It was held in Glasgow, United Kingdom and took place from 13 to 19 July. Around 580 athletes from around 70 different countries competed at the games, with Russia topping the tables with most gold medals and medals won. The event was held at the Tollcross International Swimming Centre located within Tollcross Park in Glasgow. Initially awarded as the IPC Swimming European Championships, the event was upgraded to a World Championship after a change to the IPC calendar.

Ahmad Almutairi is a Kuwaiti para-sport athlete who competes as a T33 classification track and field athlete and as a wheelchair basketball player, both at national level. Despite the fact that Almutairi held the Paralympic world record for his classification in the 100m, 200m, 400m and 800m events, major world titles alluded him due to the fact that his classification was under-represented and he was forced to compete against less severely disabled athletes in the T44 class. He eventually won a gold medal at the 2016 Summer Paralympics.

Nicholas Hum

Nicholas "Nic" Hum is an Australian Paralympic athlete with an intellectual disability. He represented Australia at the 2016 Rio Paralympics in athletics.

2017 World Para Athletics Championships

The 2017 World Para Athletics Championships were a Paralympic track and field meet organized by the World Para Athletics subcommittee of the International Paralympic Committee, held at London Stadium in London from 14 to 23 July 2017. It was the 8th edition of the event, formerly known as the IPC Athletics World Championship prior to 2017, and featured 213 medal events.

2019 World Para Athletics Championships

The 2019 World Para Athletics Championships is an upcoming Paralympic track and field meet organized by the World Para Athletics subcommittee of the International Paralympic Committee. It will be held in Dubai, United Arab Emirates on 7-15 November, 2019. It is the 9th edition of the event, formerly known as the IPC Athletics World Championship prior to 2017.

2018 World Para Athletics European Championships

The 2018 World Para Athletics European Championships was a track and field competition for athletes with a disability open to International Paralympic Committee (IPC) affiliated countries within Europe. It was held in Berlin, Germany and took place between the 20th and 26th August 2018 at the Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark. 596 athletes from 35 countries competed during the championships.

The World Para Athletics Junior Championships are a biennial Paralympic athletics event organized by World Para Athletics, a subcommittee of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). It features athletics events contested by athletes with physical and intellectual disabilities in two age groups; under 20 and under 18. The first Championships were held in Nottwil, Switzerland in 2017, and will return there for the second edition in 2019.

References

  1. IPC Athletics World Championships To Begin in France, International Paralympic Committee, 19 July 2002
  2. The cultural politics of the paralympic movement, By David Howe, 2008, Social Science, Google Books
  3. Hart, Simon (18 October 2012). "Olympic Stadium set to host 2017 World Paralympic Championships". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  4. "London named host city for 2017 Paralympic World Championships". BBC sport. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
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