UCI Road World Championships

Last updated
UCI Road World Championships
StatusActive
Genre Road bicycle racing
Date(s)August–September
FrequencyAnnually
Location(s)Various
Inaugurated 1921
Previous event 2018
Next event 2020
Organised by UCI
Current event clock.svg 2019

The UCI Road World Championships are the annual world championships for bicycle road racing organized by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). The UCI Road World Championships consist of events for road race and individual time trial, and as of 2012 Team Time Trials.

A world championship is generally an international competition open to elite competitors from around the world, representing their nations, and winning such an event will be considered the highest or near highest achievement in the sport, game, or ability.

The Union Cycliste Internationale is the world governing body for sports cycling and oversees international competitive cycling events. The UCI is based in Aigle, Switzerland.

Road bicycle racing bicycle racing sport

Road bicycle racing is the cycle sport discipline of road cycling, held on paved roads. Road racing is the most popular professional form of bicycle racing, in terms of numbers of competitors, events and spectators. The two most common competition formats are mass start events, where riders start simultaneously and race to set finish point; and time trials, where individual riders or teams race a course alone against the clock. Stage races or "tours" take multiple days, and consist of several mass-start or time-trial stages ridden consecutively.

Contents

Events

All the world championship events, are ridden by national teams, not trade teams such as in most other major races. The winner of each category is entitled to wear the rainbow jersey in races of that category (either mass start or time trial) until the next championships. It currently includes the following championships:

Rainbow jersey Colored jersey for the reigning World Champion in cycling

The rainbow jersey is the distinctive jersey worn by the reigning world champion in a cycling discipline, since 1927. The jersey is predominantly white with five horizontal bands in the UCI colours around the chest. From the bottom up the colours are: green, yellow, black, red and blue; the same colours that appear in the rings on the Olympic flag. The tradition is applied to all disciplines, including road racing, track racing, cyclo-cross, BMX, Trials and the disciplines within mountain biking. The jersey is produced by Santini SMS since 1994.

UCI Road World Championships – Mens road race

The UCI Road World Championships Elite Men's Road Race is a one-day event for professional cyclists that takes place annually. The winner is considered the World Cycling Champion and earns the right to wear the Rainbow Jersey for a full year in road race or stage events. The event is a single 'mass start' road race with the winner being the first across the line at the completion of the full race distance.

UCI Road World Championships – Mens time trial

The men's individual time trial event at the UCI Road World Championships is the men's world championship for the road bicycle racing discipline of time trial. Introduced in 1994 by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI), the world's governing body of cycling, the event consists of a time trial covering a distance of approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) over flat or rolling terrain. Riders start separated by two-minute intervals; the one that completes the course in the shortest time is the winner, and is entitled to wear the rainbow jersey in time trial events for the forthcoming season.

The UCI Road World Championships - Men's under-23 road race is the annual world championship for road bicycle racing in the discipline of time trial, organised by the world governing body, the Union Cycliste Internationale. The event was first run in 1996.

Former events:

UCI Road World Championships – Mens amateur road race

The UCI Road World Championships - Men's amateur road race was the annual world championship for amateurs for road bicycle racing in the discipline of a road race, organised by the world governing body, the Union Cycliste Internationale. The event was first run in 1921.

The UCI Road World Championships – Men's team time trial was a world championship for road bicycle racing in the discipline of team time trial (TTT). It is organized by the world governing body, the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI).

History

The first world championships took place in 1921, though the only event that was contested was the Men's Road Race for Amateurs. [1] The first professional world championship took place in July 1927 at the Nürburgring in Germany where Italian Alfredo Binda won the professional men's race and Belgian Jean Aerts won the men's amateur race. The women's road race was introduced in 1958. A men's team time trial, contested by national teams, was introduced in 1962. Beginning in 1972, the team time trial was discontinued in Olympic years only. Individual time trials in all categories were added in 1994, which was also the last year for the original incarnation of the men's team time trial. In 2012, the men's team time trial was reinstated, and a women's team time trial added to the program; both were contested by trade teams. In 2019, the team time trial events for men and women will be replaced by a mixed relay team time trial.

Nürburgring race track in Nürburg, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

The Nürburgring is a 150,000 person capacity motorsports complex located in the town of Nürburg, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It features a Grand Prix race track built in 1984, and a much longer Nordschleife "North loop" track which was built in the 1920s around the village and medieval castle of Nürburg in the Eifel mountains. The north loop is 20.8 km (12.9 mi) long and has more than 300 metres of elevation change from its lowest to highest points. Jackie Stewart nicknamed the old track "The Green Hell".

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Italy European country

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Italy is located in Southern Europe, and it is sometimes considered as part of Western Europe. The country covers a total area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.

Until 1995, there were separate races for male professional and amateur riders. In 1996, the amateur category was replaced with a category for men under-23 years old with the professional category becoming an open (later elite) category.

Since 1995, the race has been held towards the end of the European season in late September, usually following the Vuelta a España. Before that, the event had always been a summer race, held in late August or the first week of September (with the exception of 1970, when it was a mid-season summer event).

The Vuelta a España is an annual multi-stage bicycle race primarily held in Spain, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries. Inspired by the success of the Giro d'Italia and the Tour de France, the race was first organized in 1935. The race was prevented from being run by the Spanish Civil War and World War II in the early years of its existence; however, the race has been held annually since 1955. As the Vuelta gained prestige and popularity the race was lengthened and its reach began to extend all around the globe. Since 1979, the event has been staged and managed by Unipublic, until in 2014, when Amaury Sport Organisation acquired control, with both working together. The peloton expanded from a primarily Spanish participation to include riders from all over the world. The Vuelta is a UCI World Tour event, which means that the teams that compete in the race are mostly UCI WorldTeams, with the exception of the wild card teams that the organizers can invite.

The world championships are located in a different city or region every year. The event can be held over a relatively flat course which favors cycling sprinters or a hilly course which favors a climbing specialist or all-round. In each case the course is usually held on a circuit of which the riders complete multiple laps.

The world championship road race and two of the three Grand Tours (namely the Giro d'Italia and the Tour de France) form the Triple Crown of Cycling.

Championships

All-time medal table

Updated after 2019 Championships.

Medal table includes only medals achieved in senior events. Mixed nation team events such as the Team Time Trial from 2012 to 2018 are excluded.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)524742141
2Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)38292996
3Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)35302792
4Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)32303092
5Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland  (SUI)15221956
6Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)14141341
7Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)13172050
8Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)13111236
9Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)12161644
10Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR)102416
11Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)9131638
12Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)95721
13Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)711927
14Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)77317
15Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia  (AUS)611623
16Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany  (FRG)44513
17Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)44412
18Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia  (SVK)4004
19Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania  (LTU)33511
20Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)2248
21Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)2013
22Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg  (LUX)1348
23Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)1225
24Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)1214
25Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland  (IRL)1135
26Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia  (LAT)1102
27Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia  (COL)1034
28Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)1001
29Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)0336
30Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia  (TCH)0224
31Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)0123
32Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)0112
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia  (SLO)0112
34Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)0101
35Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)0022
36Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)0011
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)0011
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay  (URU)0011
Totals (38 nations)298296299893

Countries

See also

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2014 UCI Road World Championships

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Belgium at the UCI Road World Championships

Belgium at the UCI Road World Championships is an overview of the Belgian results at the UCI Road World Championships. The Belgian competitors are selected by coaches of the Royal Belgian Cycling League. Apart from cycling events at the four-yearly Summer Olympics, the only times that road cyclists appear in proper national selections of one or multiple athletes are the yearly UCI Road World Championships. Because of this, all Belgian national road cycling teams only compete as such during one day per year. Belgium first sent athletes to the World Championships in the early 1920s when only amateur cyclists competed. The nation's first medal, a gold, was earned by Henri Hoevenaers in the men's amateur road race in 1925.

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References

  1. "Road Cycling: World Championships: Men: Road Race for Amateurs". Sports 123. Retrieved 2013-10-15.