Karate World Championships

Last updated
Karate World Championships
Competition details
Discipline Karate
Type kumite and kata, biennial
Organiser World Karate Federation (WKF)
History
First edition1970 in Tokyo, Japan
Editions23 (2016)
Final edition2016 in Linz, Austria
Most wins188 medals   Japan

The Karate World Championships, also known as the World Karate Championships, are the highest level of competition for karate organized by the World Karate Federation (WKF). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] The competition is held in a different city every two years. [6] Some of the most recent championships include Madrid in 2002, Monterrey in 2004, Tampere in 2006, Tokyo in 2008, and Belgrade in 2010. [7] [8] The competition was initially riddled with controversy regarding karate styles and the ruleset. [2] [9] [10] [11] [12]

Contents

In 1984, women were first allowed to compete in the championships. [9]

Competition and events

Kumite

Kumite Rules

The result of a bout is determined by a contestant obtaining a clear lead of eight points, having the highest number of points at time-up, obtaining a decision (hantei), or by an accumulation of prohibited behaviors imposed against a contestant.

Scoring & Penalties

  • Ippon (three points)
    • Jodan (head, face, neck) kicks
    • Any scoring technique delivered on a thrown or fallen opponent
  • Waza-ari (two points)
    • Chudan (abdomen, chest, back, side) kicks
  • Yuko (one point)
    • Tsuki (punch)
    • Uchi (strike)
  • Prohibited behavior
    • Category 1
      • Techniques which make excessive contact, in regards to the scoring area attacked, or make contact with the throat
      • Attacks to the arms or legs, groin, joints, or instep
      • Attacks to the face with open hand techniques
      • Dangerous or forbidden throwing techniques
    • Category 2
      • Feigning or exaggerating injury
      • Exit from the competition area (jogai) not caused by the opponent
      • Self-endangerment by indulging in behavior which exposes the contestant to injury by the opponent, or failing to take adequate measures for self-protection (mubobi)
      • Avoiding combat as a means of preventing the opponent having the opportunity to score
      • Passivity – not attempting to engage in combat (cannot be given after less than the last 10 seconds of the match)
      • Clinching, wrestling, pushing, or standing chest-to-chest without attempting a scoring technique or takedown
      • Grabbing the opponent with both hands for any other reason than executing a takedown upon catching the opponent's kicking leg
      • Grabbing the opponent's arm or karategi (uniform) with one hand without immediately attempting a scoring technique or takedown
      • Techniques which, by their nature, cannot be controlled for the safety of the opponent, and other dangerous and uncontrolled attacks
      • Simulated attacks with the head, knees, or elbows
      • Talking to or goading the opponent
      • Failing to obey the orders of the referee
  • Warnings and penalties
    • Chukoku is imposed for the first instance of a minor infraction in the applicable category.
    • Keikoku is imposed for the second instance of a minor infraction in that category, or for infractions not serious enough to merit hansoku-chui.
    • Hansoku-chui is a warning of disqualification usually imposed for infractions for which a keikoku has previously been given in that bout; it may be imposed directly for serious infringements which do not merit hansoku.
    • Hansoku is the penalty of disqualification following a very serious infraction or when a hansoku-chui has already been given. In team matches, the offender's score will be zeroed and the opponent's score will be set at eight points.

Kata

List of Karate World Championships

EditionYearHost CityCountryEvents
1 1970 Tokyo   Japan 2
2 1972 Paris   France 2
3 1975 Long Beach   United States 2
4 1977 Tokyo   Japan 2
5 1980 Madrid   Spain 10
6 1982 Taipei   Chinese Taipei 13
7 1984 Maastricht   Netherlands 13
8 1986 Sydney   Australia 15
9 1988 Cairo   Egypt 16
10 1990 Mexico City   Mexico 16
11 1992 Granada   Spain 16
12 1994 Kota Kinabalu   Malaysia 16
13 1996 Sun City   South Africa 17
14 1998 Rio de Janeiro   Brazil 17
15 2000 Munich   Germany 17
16 2002 Madrid   Spain 17
17 2004 Monterrey   Mexico 17
18 2006 Tampere   Finland 17
19 2008 Tokyo   Japan 17
20 2010 Belgrade   Serbia 16
21 2012 Paris   France 16
22 2014 Bremen   Germany 16
23 2016 Linz   Austria 16
24 2018 Madrid   Spain 16
25 2020 Dubai   United Arab Emirates 16
26 2022 Budapest   Hungary 16

All-time medal table

The following reflects the all-time medal counts as of the 2016 World Karate Championships:

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Japan 864854188
2  France 534567165
3  Great Britain 24181557
4  Spain 202467111
5  Italy 183251101
6  Turkey 1282848
7  Netherlands 10111839
8  Iran 871934
9  Germany 7113250
10  United States 6111835
11  Azerbaijan 65314
12  Egypt 581932
13  England 54918
14  Brazil 44715
15  Venezuela 431017
16  Finland 43815
17  Sweden 34512
18  Australia 331016
19  Russia 33713
20  Serbia 31610
21  Croatia 24915
22  Greece 2439
23  Mexico 2349
24  Austria 22610
25  Serbia and Montenegro 2068
26  Norway 15410
27  Chinese Taipei 13610
28  Vietnam 1304
29  Slovakia 1179
30   Switzerland 1168
31  Netherlands Antilles 1135
32  China 1113
33  Senegal 1102
34  Benin 1012
  Georgia 1012
36  Chile 1001
  Estonia 1001
  South Africa 1001
39  Hungary 0437
40  Canada 0358
41  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0347
42  Yugoslavia 0224
43  Tunisia 0213
44  Peru 0178
45  Belgium 0145
  Denmark 0145
47  Kazakhstan 0134
48  Malaysia 0123
49  Czech Republic 0112
  Guatemala 0112
  Luxembourg 0112
52  Czechoslovakia 0101
  Morocco 0101
  Paraguay 0101
55  Ukraine 0033
56  Romania 0022
57  Algeria 0011
  Argentina 0011
  Dominican Republic 0011
  Independent Olympic Athletes 0011
  Indonesia 0011
  Kosovo 0011
  Latvia 0011
  Macedonia 0011
  Montenegro 0011
  Philippines 0011
  Scotland 0011
  Singapore 0011
  Slovenia 0011
Totals (69 nations)3073075661180

* All Serbia and Montenegro medals were won by Serbian athletes.

See also

References

  1. Coleman, Jim (September 1992). "Questions and Answers with Wuko's Head Man". Black Belt. 30 (9): 30–33. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  2. 1 2 "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  3. Malaysia welcome extra category. Thestar.com.my (2008-11-19). Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  4. Sports: Three fighters, one heart. Sptimes.com. Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  5. Mmegi Online :: Karate team leaves for WFK Championships. Mmegi.bw (2010-10-22). Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  6. Olympic Bid Sports Capsules – Olympics – ESPN. Sports.espn.go.com (2009-06-14). Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  7. "World Karate Championships returning to Japan". Japan Today . Retrieved 2010-02-23.
  8. "Karate World Championship to be Held in Belgrade Next Year". Ministry of Sport. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
  9. 1 2 "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  10. "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  11. "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  12. "Black Belt - Google Books". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-27.