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|FIS Nordic World Ski Championships|
|Frequency||biennial (since 1985)|
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships is a biannial nordic skiing event organized by the International Ski Federation (FIS). The World Championships was started in 1925 for men and opened for women's participation in 1954. World Championship events include nordic skiing's three disciplines: cross-country skiing, ski jumping, and nordic combined (the latter being a combination sport consisting of both cross-country and ski jumping). From 1924 to 1939, the World Championships were held every year, including the Winter Olympics. After World War II, the World Championships were held every four years from 1950 to 1982. Since 1985, the World Championships have been held in odd-numbered years.
Nordic skiing encompasses the various types of skiing in which the toe of the ski boot is fixed to the binding in a manner that allows the heel to rise off the ski, unlike Alpine skiing, where the boot is attached to the ski from toe to heel. Recreational disciplines include cross-country skiing and Telemark skiing.
The Fédération Internationale de Ski is the world's highest governing body for international winter sports. Founded in Chamonix on 2 February 1924, it is responsible for the Olympic disciplines of Alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, Nordic combined, freestyle skiing and snowboarding. The FIS is also responsible for setting the international competition rules. The organization now has a membership of 118 national ski associations and is based in Oberhofen am Thunersee, Switzerland.
The sport of cross-country skiing encompasses a variety of formats for cross-country skiing races over courses of varying lengths according to rules sanctioned by the International Ski Federation and by various national organizations, such as the U.S. Ski and Snowboard Association (USSA) and Cross Country Ski Canada. International competitions include the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, the FIS Cross-Country World Cup, and at the Winter Olympic Games. Such races occur over homologated, groomed courses designed to support classic (in-track) and freestyle events, where the skiers may employ skate skiing. It also encompasses cross-country ski marathon events, sanctioned by the Worldloppet Ski Federation, and cross-country ski orienteering events, sanctioned by the International Orienteering Federation. Related forms of competition are biathlon, where competitors race on cross-country skis and stop to shoot at targets with rifles, and paralympic cross-country skiing that allows athletes with disabilities to compete at cross-country skiing with adaptive equipment.
The International Ski Federation arranged annual Rendezvous races from 1925 to 1927 and annual FIS races from 1929 to 1935. At the FIS congress in 1936, it was decided that the first World Championships should be held in 1937 and take place in Chamonix, France.All Rendezvous and FIS races were given official World Championship status at FIS' 25th congress in 1965. This decision ment that the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1925 in Janské Lázně, Czechoslovakia, were given status as the first official World Championships.
Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, more commonly known as Chamonix, is a commune in the Haute-Savoie département in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France. It was the site of the first Winter Olympics in 1924.
France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1925 was the 1st official FIS Nordic World Ski Championships and took place between February 4–14, 1925 in Johannisbad, Czechoslovakia.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1941 were declared a non-World Championship event by FIS at the 16th FIS congress in 1946and their results have been struck from the official records.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1941 took place February 1–10, 1941 in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy. The previous championships of 1940 were scheduled for Norway, but were cancelled in the wake of Germany's invasion of Norway during World War II. At the 1946 meeting in Pau, France, the FIS declared this a non-event because of the limited number of competitors. Medals were awarded in this event, but not counted in the overall FIS Nordic World Ski Championships as a result.
The 1980 and 1984 World Championships consisted of a total of only three events; women's 20 km cross-country (1980), ski jumping team event and nordic combined team event (both 1984). These events were not held in the 1980 and 1984 Winter Olympics and therefore got their own World Championships.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1980 in cross-country skiing took place in Falun, Sweden on 8 March 1980. This was an extraordinary event because the women's 20 km event was not held at the Winter Olympics in Lake Placid.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1984 for teams in Ski jumping and Nordic combined took place in Engelberg, Switzerland and Rovaniemi, Finland. These were extraordinary events because both were not held at the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo.
The 1984 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIV Olympic Winter Games, was a winter multi-sport event which took place from 8–19 February 1984 in Sarajevo, SFR Yugoslavia, in present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina. Other candidate cities were Sapporo, Japan; and Gothenburg, Sweden.
The following list shows when new events were added for the first time:
Mass start is a format of starting in some racing sports such as long-distance running in athletics, speed skating, long-distance cross-country skiing and biathlon.
|1||1925||Janské Lázně||4 – 14 Feb||—||4||Denoted Rendezvous races|
|2||1926||Lahti||4 – 6 Feb||Salpausselkä||4||Denoted Rendezvous races|
|3||1927||Cortina d'Ampezzo||2 – 5 Feb||Trampolino Olimpico||4||Denoted FIS races|
|4||1929||Zakopane||5 – 9 Feb||—||4||Denoted FIS races|
|5||1930||Oslo||27 Feb – 1 Mar||Holmenkollen||4|
|6||1931||Oberhof||13 – 15 Feb||—||4|
|7||1933||Innsbruck||8 – 12 Feb||5||Denoted FIS races. First with cross-country relay|
|8||1934||Sollefteå||20 – 25 Feb||Hallstaberget||5||Denoted FIS races|
|9||1935||Vysoké Tatry||13 – 18 Feb||5||Denoted FIS races|
|10||1937||Chamonix||12 – 28 Feb||Tremplin Olympique / Stade Olympique||5||First official FIS Nordic World Ski Championships|
|11||1938||Lahti (2)||24 – 28 Feb||Salpausselkä||5|
|12||1939||Zakopane (2)||11 – 19 Feb||—||5|
|—||1941||Cortina d'Ampezzo (2)||1 – 10 Feb||Trampolino Olimpico||5||Declared unofficial in 1946|
|13||1950|| Lake Placid (SJ)|
|1 – 6 Feb|| Intervales |
|5||First championship outside Europe|
|14||1954||Falun||13 – 21 Feb||Lugnet||8||First championship with women|
|15||1958||Lahti (3)||1 – 9 Mar||Salpausselkä||8|
|16||1962||Zakopane (3)||18 – 25 Feb||—||10||First with normal hill|
|17||1966||Oslo (2)||17 – 27 Feb||Holmenkollen||10|
|18||1970||Vysoké Tatry (2)||14 – 22 Feb||Štrbské pleso||10|
|19||1974||Falun (2)||16 – 24 Feb||Lugnet||10|
|20||1978||Lahti (4)||18 – 26 Feb||Salpausselkä||11|
|21||1980||Falun (3)||8 Mar||Lugnet||1||Non-Olympic event|
|22||1982||Oslo (3)||19 – 28 Feb||Holmenkollen||13||First with team large hill/Nordic combined relay|
|23||1984|| Engelberg (SJ)|
| Gross-Titlis-Schanze |
|24||1985||Seefeld||16 – 27 Jan|| Seefeld Nordic Competence Centre /|
Bergiselschanze in Innsbruck
|25||1987||Oberstdorf||12 – 21 Feb||Schattenberg Ski Jump / Birgsautal||13|
|26||1989||Lahti (5)||17 – 26 Feb||Salpausselkä||15|
|27||1991||Val di Fiemme||7 – 17 Feb||Lago di Tesero / Trampolino dal Ben||15||First with 10 km cross-country (men)|
|28||1993||Falun (4)||19 – 28 Feb||Lugnet||15||First with pursuit|
|29||1995||Thunder Bay||9 – 19 Mar||Big Thunder||15|
|30||1997||Trondheim||21 Feb – 2 Mar||Granåsen Ski Centre||15|
|31||1999||Ramsau||19 – 28 Feb|| Ramsau am Dachstein /|
Paul-Ausserleitner-Schanze in Bischofshofen
|16||First with 10 km/large hill|
|32||2001||Lahti (6)||15 – 25 Feb||Salpausselkä||19||First with team normal hill; first with sprint|
|33||2003||Val di Fiemme (2)||18 Feb – 1 Mar||Lago di Tesero / Trampolino dal Ben||18|
|34||2005||Oberstdorf (2)||16 – 27 Feb||Schattenberg Ski Jump / Ried||19||First with team sprint|
|35||2007||Sapporo||22 Feb – 4 Mar|| Miyanomori / Okurayama /|
Shirahatayama / Sapporo Dome
|36||2009||Liberec||18 Feb – 1 Mar||Ještěd / Vesec||20||First with ski jumping for women; only with Nordic combined mass start|
|37||2011||Oslo (4)||23 Feb – 6 Mar||Holmenkollen||21||First with Nordic combined normal hill relay|
|38||2013||Val di Fiemme (3)||20 Feb – 3 Mar||Lago di Tesero / Trampolino dal Ben||21||First with mixed team ski jumping |
First with Nordic combined large hill Team Sprint
|39||2015||Falun (5)||18 Feb – 1 Mar||Lugnet||21|
|40||2017||Lahti (7)||22 Feb – 5 Mar||Salpausselkä||21|
|41||2019||Seefeld (2)||20 Feb – 3 Mar|| Seefeld Nordic Competence Centre /|
Bergiselschanze in Innsbruck
|22||First with women's team ski jumping|
|42||2021||Oberstdorf (3)||23 Feb – 7 Mar||Schattenberg Ski Jump / Ried||TBD||—|
|43||2023||Planica||TBD||Planica Nordic Centre||TBD||—|
Table updated after the 2019 Championships.
|Totals (26 nations)||459||459||458||1376|
Boldface denotes active athletes and highest medal count among all athletes (including these who not included in these tables) per type.
|1||Marit Bjørgen||F||Cross-country skiing||2003||2017||18||5||3||26|
|2||Yelena Välbe||F||Cross-country skiing||1989||1997||14||3||–||17|
|3||Petter Northug||M||Cross-country skiing||2007||2015||13||3||–||16|
|4||Larisa Lazutina (Ptitsyna)||F||Cross-country skiing||1987||2001||11||3||2||16|
|5||Therese Johaug||F||Cross-country skiing||2007||2019||10||2||3||15|
|6||Bjørn Dæhlie||M||Cross-country skiing||1991||1999||9||5||3||17|
|7||Thomas Morgenstern||M||Ski jumping||2005||2013||8||2||1||11|
|8||Eric Frenzel||M||Nordic combined||2011||2019||7||6||2||15|
|9||Gunde Svan||M||Cross-country skiing||1985||1991||7||3||1||11|
|10||Alevtina Kolchina||F||Cross-country skiing||1958||1966||7||1||–||8|
|1||Petter Northug||Cross-country skiing||2009||2015||7||2||–||9|
|2||Bjørn Dæhlie||Cross-country skiing||1991||1999||5||4||3||12|
|3||Gunde Svan||Cross-country skiing||1985||1991||5||2||–||7|
|4||Vladimir Smirnov||Cross-country skiing||1989||1995||4||3||3||10|
|5||Mika Myllylä||Cross-country skiing||1995||1999||4||2||2||8|
|6||Ronny Ackermann||Nordic combined||2001||2007||4||1||1||6|
|Adam Małysz||Ski jumping||2001||2011||4||1||1||6|
|8||Eric Frenzel||Nordic combined||2011||2019||3||1||1||5|
|Johannes Rydzek||Nordic combined||2011||2017||3||1||1||5|
|10||Birger Ruud||Ski jumping||1931||1939||3||1||–||4|
|Bjarte Engen Vik||Nordic combined||1997||2001||3||1||–||4|
|1||Marit Bjørgen||Cross-country skiing||2003||2017||12||4||1||17|
|2||Yelena Välbe||Cross-country skiing||1989||1997||10||2||–||12|
|3||Therese Johaug||Cross-country skiing||2007||2019||7||1||3||11|
|4||Larisa Lazutina (Ptitsyna)||Cross-country skiing||1987||2001||5||3||2||10|
|5||Bente Skari (Martinsen)||Cross-country skiing||1999||2003||5||–||–||5|
|6||Stefania Belmondo||Cross-country skiing||1991||1999||4||4||1||9|
|7||Alevtina Kolchina||Cross-country skiing||1958||1966||4||1||–||5|
|8||Galina Kulakova||Cross-country skiing||1970||1980||3||1||1||5|
|9||Justyna Kowalczyk||Cross-country skiing||2009||2013||2||3||2||7|
|10||Marjo Matikainen||Cross-country skiing||1987||1989||2||2||2||6|
Eurosport (75 countries)
Match TV (Russia)
Eesti Media (Estonia)
Nordic combined is a winter sport in which athletes compete in cross-country skiing and ski jumping. Nordic combined at the Winter Olympics and the FIS Nordic Combined World Cup are ongoing.
Ski jumping is a winter sport in which competitors aim to achieve the longest jump after descending from a specially designed ramp on their skis. Along with jump length, competitor's style and other factors affect the final score. Ski jumping was first contested in Norway in the late 19th century, and later spread through Europe and North America in the early 20th century. Along with cross-country skiing, it constitutes the traditional group of Nordic skiing disciplines.
The U.S. Ski Team, operated under the auspices of the United States Ski and Snowboard Association (USSA), develops and supports men's and women's athletes in the sports of alpine skiing, freestyle skiing, cross-country, ski jumping, and Nordic combined. Since 1974 the team and association have been headquartered in Park City, Utah.
Anssi Einar Koivuranta is a retired Finnish ski jumper and former Nordic combined skier, best known for winning the 2008–09 FIS Nordic Combined World Cup. He won the gold medal in the 4 × 5 km team event and a bronze medal in the 15 km Gundersen race at the 2007 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships in Sapporo. After winning a Ski Jumping World Cup competition in Innsbruck on 4 January 2014, Koivuranta became the first ever athlete in history of ski jumping to win an event in both Nordic combined and the ski jumping World Cup.
The Nordic combined events have been contested at the Winter Olympic Games since 1924. The first competition involved 18 km cross-country skiing, followed by ski jumping.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1982 took place 19–28 February 1982 in Oslo, Norway at the Holmenkollen ski arena. This was Oslo's record-tying fourth time hosting the event after previously doing so in 1930, the 1952 Winter Olympics, and 1966. The Nordic combined 3 × 10 km team event and the ski jumping team large hill events were added to these championships. It was also the year in which cross country competitions had the freestyle technique debuted and that electronic timing returned to scoring the results in tenths of a second after Sweden's Thomas Wassberg edged out Finland's Juha Mieto by 0.01 seconds in the men's 15 km event at the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid. The timing of the event in tenths of a second has continued as of 2011 in all Nordic skiing events.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2001 took place February 15–25, 2001 in Lahti, Finland for a record sixth time, previous events being held in 1926, 1938, 1958, 1978 and 1989. These championships also saw the most event changes since the 1950s with the 5 km women and 10 km men's events being discontinued, the 10 km women and 15 km men's events return to their normal status for the first time since the 1991 championships, the debut of a combined pursuit as a separate category, the addition of the individual sprint race for both genders, and the debut of the ski jumping team normal hill event. Extremely cold weather cancelled the women's 30 km event. The biggest controversy occurred when a doping scandal hit the host nation of Finland, resulting in six disqualifications. This would serve as a prelude to further doping cases in cross country skiing at the Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City the following year.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2005 took place 16–27 February 2005 in Oberstdorf, Germany, for the second time after hosting it previously in 1987. The ski jumping team normal hill event returned after not being held in 2003. The double pursuit distances of 10 km women and 20 km men were lengthened to 15 km for women and 30 km for men. Team sprint was also added as well. The Nordic combined 4 × 5 km team event had its change between ski jumping points and cross-country skiing start time changed from 1 point equals to 1.5 seconds to 1 point equals 1 second at this championship.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2007 took place 22 February – 4 March 2007 in Sapporo, Japan. It was the second time this city has hosted these championships, having previously done so in the 1972 Winter Olympics. Sapporo was selected as venue by vote at the 43rd FIS World Congress in Portorož, Slovenia, on 6 June 2002. It also marked the third time the championships were hosted outside Europe in a year that did not coincide with the Winter Olympics; it was the first championship held in Asia. The ski jumping team normal hill event was not held, as it had been in 2005.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2009 took place 18 February – 1 March 2009 in Liberec, Czech Republic. This was the fourth time these championships were hosted either in the Czech Republic or in Czechoslovakia, having done so at Janské Lázně (1925) and Vysoké Tatry.
The FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2015 took place between 18 February and 1 March 2015 in Falun, Sweden. This was the fourth time the event is held there, having previously been held there in 1954, 1974 and 1993. In 1980, one World Ski Championship race was held there as well, to make up for its exclusion from the Olympic Games the same year.
At the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2009 in Liberec, Czech Republic, four Nordic combined were held. It also showed the biggest format changes since the introduction of the Gundersen method at the 1985 World Championships in Seefeld, Austria. In addition to the 10 km mass start event, there were changes in the Gundersen-based individual events. The 7.5 km sprint event was changed to a 10 km individual large hill event while the 15 km individual event was changed to a 10 km individual normal hill event with both being approved in September 2008. These changes also affected the Nordic combined program for the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver though the mass start was excluded. The United States, which had two medals in Nordic combined prior to this championships, won a total of four medals with three golds and a bronze. Todd Lodwick, whose previous best individual finish at the world championships was 13th in the 7.5 km sprint at Oberstdorf in 2005, won golds in the 10 km mass start and 10 km individual normal hill events. His teammate Bill Demong won a gold in the 10 km individual large hill and bronze in the 10 km individual normal hill events. Germans Tino Edelmann and Björn Kircheisen each won a silver in the 4 x 5 km freestyle team event, then won individual silver medals in the 10 km mass start and 10 km individual large hills events, respectively. France's Jason Lamy Chappuis earned two bronze medals, earning them in the 10 km individual large hill and 10 km mass start. Norway's Jan Schmid won a silver in the 10 km mass start and a bronze in the 4 x 5 km freestyle event. A fourth American medal was prevented when Demong was disqualified in the ski jumping part of the 4 x 5 km freestyle team event for failing to wear his bib during competition, dropping the US to 12th and forcing their withdrawal from the cross country portion of the event. The Japanese won their first gold medal at the championships in the team event since 1995 when they edged the Germans in a photo finish. Current World Cup leader Anssi Koivuranta of Finland has a disappointing world championships, earning his best finish of fourth both in the 10 km individual normal hill and 10 km mass start events. Norway's Magnus Moan, second in the World Cup standings, also had a disappointing championships as well, with a best place finish of fifth in the 10 km individual large hill events even though he set the fastest cross-country skiing portion time in both the 10 km individual large hill and the 10 km individual normal hill events.
The men's individual large hill/10 km Nordic combined competition for the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, Canada was held at Whistler Olympic Park in Whistler, British Columbia on 25 February.
For the 1924 Winter Olympics in Chamonix, France, a total of three sports venues were used. The main stadium was used for all but two sports and part of a third. It was the first ski jump used for the Winter Olympics. A bobsleigh track was prepared for use.
For the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan, a total of fifteen sports venues were used. Nagano had attempted twice to host the Winter Olympics, losing out to Sapporo, host of the 1972 Winter Olympics. The third time, in 1991, Nagano edged out Salt Lake City to host the 1998 Games. The biathlon venue was adjusted in accordance with the Washington Convention over endangered species. The biggest venue controversy was at Happo'one resort on the length of the men's downhill and the battle that ensued to the point where skiing officials threatened to pull the event entirely before a compromise was reached three months before the Olympics. M-Wave has hosted three World Speed Skating Championships since the Olympics while the Spiral has hosted a couple of World championships in bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton.
The Men's Individual normal hill/10 km at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 2011 was held on 26 February 2011. The ski jumping part of the event took place at 10:00 CET with the cross-country part took place at 13:00 CET. Todd Lodwick of the United States was the defending world champion while France's Jason Lamy Chappuis was the defending Olympic champion.
Tremplin du Praz is a ski jumping hill at Le Praz in Courchevel, France. The complex consists of four hills: a large hill with construction point of K125 (HS137), a normal hill at K90 (HS96), and two training hills at K60 and K25. The complex also has a cross-country skiing stadium used for Nordic combined. Jörg Ritzerfeld holds the large hill winter record of 134.0 metres and Nicolas Mayer the normal hill record of 100.5 metres.
The 41st FIS Nordic World Ski Championships were held from 20 February to 3 March 2019 in Seefeld in Tirol, Tyrol, Austria. It was the second time Seefeld in Tirol hosted the world championships, the event having been hosted there previously in 1985.