UCI Mountain Bike World Championships

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Moments before the start of the under-23 men's cross-country race at the 2009 World Championships in Canberra, Australia. Eventual winner Burry Stander is second from left. XC MTB 2 Stevage.jpg
Moments before the start of the under-23 men's cross-country race at the 2009 World Championships in Canberra, Australia. Eventual winner Burry Stander is second from left.

The UCI Mountain Bike World Championships are the world championship events for mountain bike racing in the disciplines of cross country, downhill, and four-cross. They are organized by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI), the governing body of world cycling.

Mountain bike racing

Mountain bike racing is the competitive cycle sport discipline of mountain biking held on off-road terrain. The Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) recognised the discipline relatively late in 1990, when it sanctioned the world championships in Durango, Colorado. The first UCI Mountain Bike World Cup series took place in 1988. Its nine-race circuit covered two continents—Europe and North America—and was sponsored by Grundig. Cross-country racing was the only World Cup sport at this time. In 1993, a six-event downhill World Cup was introduced. In 1996, cross-country mountain biking events were added to the Olympic Games. In 2006, cross-country mountain biking events became part of the World Deaf Cycling Championships for the first time in San Francisco, USA.

Cross-country cycling discipline of mountain biking

Cross-country (XC) cycling is a discipline of mountain biking. Cross-country cycling became an Olympic sport in 1996 and is the only form of mountain biking practiced at the Olympics.

Four-cross

Four-cross (4X), also called mountain-cross, not to be confused with fourcross, is a relatively new style of mountain bike racing where four bikers race downhill on a prepared, BMX-like track, simply trying to get down first. These bikes are generally either full suspension with 3 to 4 inches of travel, or hardtails, and typically have relatively strong frames. They run a chainguide on front and gears on the back. They have slack head angles, short chainstays and low bottom brackets for good cornering and acceleration. In recent years the tracks raced on have been rougher and less like those used in BMX.

Contents

The first three finishers in each discipline at the World Championships are awarded gold, silver, and bronze medals. The winner of each discipline is also entitled to wear the rainbow jersey in events of the same discipline until the following year's World Championships. Unlike other UCI-sanctioned mountain-bike races, the competitors in the World Championships represent national rather than commercial teams. The World Championships are usually held towards the end of the season.

Rainbow jersey colored jersey for the reigning World Champion in cycling

The rainbow jersey is the distinctive jersey worn by the reigning world champion in a cycling discipline, since 1927. The jersey is predominantly white with five horizontal bands in the UCI colours around the chest. From the bottom up the colours are: green, yellow, black, red and blue; the same colours that appear in the rings on the Olympic flag. The tradition is applied to all disciplines, including road racing, track racing, cyclo-cross, BMX, Trials and the disciplines within mountain biking. The jersey is produced by Santini SMS since 1994.

History

The first UCI Mountain Bike World Championships took place in Durango, Colorado, USA in 1990 and featured only cross-country and downhill events. A separate UCI Trials World Championships had been held since 1986. [1] From 2000 to 2016, the mountain bike and trials disciplines were combined and run as the UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships. Beginning in 2017, the UCI world championships in trials will be run as part of the newly-created UCI Urban Cycling World Championships. [2]

Durango, Colorado Place in Colorado, United States

Durango is the county seat and the most populous municipality of La Plata County, Colorado, United States. It is home to Fort Lewis College. The United States Census Bureau reported a population of 16,887 in the 2010 census.

United States federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

1990 UCI Mountain Bike World Championships annual worldwide mountain biking competition

The 1990 UCI Mountain Bike World Championships were held in Durango, Colorado, United States. These were the first World Championships in mountain biking to be organised by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). The disciplines included were cross-country and downhill.

The cross-country team relay was added in 1999. The dual slalom was added in 2000 but replaced by four-cross in 2002. Mountain bike marathon was included on the schedule at the 2003 championships in Lugano, but run separately as the UCI Mountain Bike Marathon World Championships from 2004 onwards. The cross-country eliminator was introduced in 2012 but will be part of the UCI Urban Cycling World Championships from 2017 onwards. [2] In 2014 and 2015 the four-cross events were held separately from the other disciplines as the UCI Four-Cross World Championships, but were again included alongside the other mountain-biking disciplines in 2016. [3]

The cross-country team relay is an event at the annual UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships. It has been held since the 1999 championships.

Dual slalom

Dual slalom is an older mountain bike racing discipline similar to 4X racing.

The 2003 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships were held in Lugano, Switzerland from 31 August to 7 September 2003. The disciplines included were cross-country, cross-country marathon, downhill, four-cross, and trials. The event was the 14th edition of the UCI Mountain Bike World Championships and the 18th edition of the UCI Trials World Championships.

Venues

Events

Event'90'91'92'93'94'95'96'97'98'99'00'01'02'03'04'05'06'07'08'09'10'11'12'13'14'15'16
Men's cross-country
Men's cross-country eliminator
Men's downhill
Men's dual
Men's four-cross
Men's trials, 20 inch
Men's trials, 26 inch
Women's cross-country
Women's cross-country eliminator
Women's downhill
Women's dual
Women's four-cross
Women's trials
Team relay

UCI MTB World Champions

The men's cross-country is an event at the annual UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships. It has been held since the inaugural world championships in 1990. As of September 2017, Nino Schurter of Switzerland is the most successful rider in the event with seven world titles.

The women's cross-country is an event at the annual UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships. It has been held since the inaugural championships in 1990. As of 2009, Gunn-Rita Dahle of Norway is the most successful rider with four gold medals and two silver medal won between 1998 and 2012.

The men's downhill is an event at the annual UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships. It has been held since the inaugural championships in 1990.

Related Research Articles

The men's trials, 26 inch is a trials event at the annual UCI Urban Cycling World Championships. It has been a UCI World Championship event since 1995.

The men's trials, 20 inch is a trials event at the annual UCI Urban Cycling World Championships. It has been a UCI World Championship event since 1986. From 1986 to 1994 there was no separate 26-inch category in the world championships.

The 2013 UCI Mountain Bike World Cup includes three disciplines: cross-country, cross-country eliminator and downhill.

The 2014 UCI Mountain Bike World Cup includes three disciplines: cross-country, cross-country eliminator and downhill.

2008 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships sport competition

The 2008 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships were held in Val di Sole, Italy from 17 to 22 June 2008. The disciplines included were cross-country, downhill, four-cross, and trials. The event was the 19th edition of the UCI Mountain Bike World Championships and the 23rd edition of the UCI Trials World Championships.

2007 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships sport competition

The 2007 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships were held in Fort William, United Kingdom from 4 to 9 September 2007. This was the first time the World Championships had been held in the United Kingdom. The Fort William site in the Scottish Highlands had been used regularly for rounds of the UCI Mountain Bike World Cup since 2002.

2006 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships annual worldwide mountain bike competition

The 2006 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships were held in Rotorua, New Zealand from 22 to 27 August 2006. The disciplines included were cross-country, downhill, four-cross, and trials. The event was the 17th edition of the UCI Mountain Bike World Championships and the 21st edition of the UCI Trials World Championships.

2005 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships annual worldwide mountain bike competition

The 2005 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships were held in Livigno, Italy from 31 August to 4 September 2005. The disciplines included were cross-country, downhill, four-cross, and trials. The event was the 16th edition of the UCI Mountain Bike World Championships and the 20th edition of the UCI Trials World Championships.

2004 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships annual worldwide mountain bike competition

The 2004 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships were held in Les Gets, a ski station in the French Alps, from 8 to 12 September 2004. The disciplines included were cross-country, downhill, four-cross, and trials. The event was the 15th edition of the UCI Mountain Bike World Championships and the 19th edition of the UCI Trials World Championships.

2000 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships annual worldwide mountain bike competition

The 2000 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships were held in Sierra Nevada, Andalusia, Spain from 7 to 11 June 2000. The disciplines included were cross-country, downhill, dual slalom, and trials. The event was the 11th edition of the UCI Mountain Bike World Championships and the 15th edition of the UCI Trials World Championships.

The 2002 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships were held in Kaprun, Austria from 24 August to 1 September 2002. The disciplines included were cross-country, downhill, four-cross, and trials. This was the first UCI world championship in which four-cross was included, replacing the dual that had been run at the previous two championships.

The 2001 UCI Mountain Bike & Trials World Championships were held in Vail, Colorado, United States from 12 to 16 September 2001. The disciplines included were cross-country, downhill, dual, and trials.

The junior men's trials, 20 inch is a trials event at the annual UCI Urban Cycling World Championships. It has been a UCI World Championship event since 1986. From 1986 to 1994 there was no separate 26-inch junior category in the world championships.

The junior men's trials, 26 inch is a trials event at the annual UCI Urban Cycling World Championships. It has been a UCI World Championship event since 1995.

The 2017 UCI Mountain Bike World Cup was a series of races in Olympic Cross-Country (XCO), Cross-Country Eliminator (XCE), and Downhill (DHI). Each discipline had an Elite Men and an Elite Women category. There were also men's and women's under-23 categories in the XCO and junior men's and women's categories in the DHI. The cross-country series had six rounds and the downhill series had seven rounds.

The 2017 UCI Mountain Bike World Championships was the 28th edition of the UCI Mountain Bike World Championships. As in 2016, the championships in the various disciplines were held at separate events. The world championships in four-cross were held at Val di Sole, Italy, on 24 and 25 August 2017, alongside UCI World Cup events in cross-country and downhill. The world championships in cross-country and downhill were held in Cairns, Australia, from 5 to 10 September 2017.

UCI Urban Cycling World Championships

The UCI Urban Cycling World Championships are the world championship events for freestyle BMX, cross-country eliminator, and trials. They are organised by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI), the governing body of world cycling.

UCI Trials World Championships

The UCI Trials World Championships are the world championship events in trials organised by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI), the governing body of world cycling. The first three finishers in each category are awarded gold, silver, and bronze medals. The winner of each category is also entitled to wear the rainbow jersey in events in that category until the following year's World Championships.

References

  1. "1986–2014 UCI Trials World Championships Winners" (PDF). uci.ch. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  2. 1 2 "Urban Cycling". uci.ch. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  3. "UCI 4X World Championships". uci.ch. Retrieved 24 February 2017.