AAA Championships

Last updated
AAA Championships
Athletics pictogram.svg
Sport Track and field
Founded1880
Ceased2006
Country England/United Kingdom

The AAA Championships was an annual track and field competition organised by the Amateur Athletic Association of England. It was the foremost domestic athletics event in the United Kingdom during its lifetime. It was succeeded by the British Athletics Championships.

Contents

History

The competition was founded in 1880, replacing the Amateur Athletic Club (AAC) Championships, which had been held since 1866. Initially a men-only competition, a Women's AAA Championships was introduced in 1922 with the first proper WAAA Championships in 1923 and organised by the Women's Amateur Athletics Association until 1992, at which point it was folded into the Amateur Athletics Association. [1] During the 1920s and early 1930s, the AAA Championships was Europe's most prestigious athletics event until the European Athletics Championships were inaugurated in 1934. [2] Events were contested and measured in imperial units until metrification in 1969, in line with international standards. [3]

Though organised by the English governing body, it was open to all athletes from the United Kingdom, and also to overseas athletes. It served as the de facto British Championships, given the absence of such a competition for most of its history. It was typically held over two or three days over a weekend in July or August. Foreign athletes were no longer allowed to compete from 1998 onwards (with the change first being trialled in 1996), though they were still allowed to participate (but not formally placed) in the 10,000 m and marathon events. [3]

The creation of the UK Athletics Championships in 1977 under the British Amateur Athletic Board (later British Athletics Federation) marked a challenge to the event's domestic supremacy, though the quality of that rival event declined after it hosted the 1980 Olympic trials and it ceased as an annual championships after 1993, closing completely after 1997. [4] The AAA Championships incorporated the UK Olympic every four years from 1988 to 2004. [5] The women's WAAA Championships was folded into the AAA Championships in 1988. [1]

The establishment of UK Athletics in 1999 to serve as the national governing body for professional, elite athletics ultimately started the decline of the AAA Championships. UK Athletics took over the role of both national championships and international team selection with its own British Athletics Championships from 2007 onwards. [3] The AAA Championships ceased to be a stand-alone event in its own right from that point onwards, though it re-emerged in 2016 in being co-held with the English Athletics Championships organised by England Athletics (a body for developing the grassroots level beneath UK Athletics). [6] [7] [8]

The long-distance track events, marathon, racewalking events and combined track and field events were regularly held outside of the main track and field championship competition. Although the competition venue varied over the years, there were several locations that served as regular hosts over its history: Stamford Bridge (1886 to 1931), White City Stadium (1932 to 1970), Crystal Palace National Sports Centre (1971 to 1987) and Alexander Stadium (1984 to 2003). [5]

Events

The following athletics events featured as standard on the main AAA Championships programme:

The following events were regularly held, but often outside of the main programme:

Races were contested, and field events measured, in yards and feet up until 1968. A men's 3000 metres was contested from 1989 to 1999. A men's 10-mile run was held from 1960 to 1972. The 220 yards hurdles was present form 1952 to 1962. [5] On the women's side, the 2000 metres steeplechase was held in 2002 and 2003 before moving to the standard 3000 m distance. The 80 metres hurdles was contested until 1968 before being replaced by the new international standard 100 metres hurdles. The women's 200 metres hurdles was on the programme from 1961 to 1972. A 60 metres event was available from 1935 to 1950. [1] A variety of relay races were contested by clubs prior to 1960.

Editions

#YearDateVenueStadiumNotes
1880 London Lillie Bridge Grounds
1881 Birmingham
1882 Stoke
1883 London Lillie Bridge Grounds
1884 Birmingham Aston Lower Grounds
1885 Southport
1886 London Stamford Bridge
1887 Stourbridge
1888 Crewe
1889 London Stamford Bridge
189012 July Birmingham
189114 July Manchester Old Trafford
18922 July London Stamford Bridge
18931st July Northampton Cricket Ground
1894 Huddersfield
18956 July London Stamford Bridge
18964 July Northampton
18973 July Manchester Fallowfield Stadium
18982 July London Stamford Bridge
18991 July Wolverhampton Molineux Stadium
19007 July London Stamford Bridge
19016 July Huddersfield Fartown Ground
19025 July London Stamford Bridge
19034 July Northampton
19043 July Rochdale Athletic Grounds
19051 July London Stamford Bridge
19067 July London Stamford Bridge
19076 July Manchester Fallowfield Stadium
19084 July London White City Stadium
19093 July London Stamford Bridge
19102 July London Stamford Bridge
19111 July London Stamford Bridge
191222 June London Stamford Bridge
19135 July London Stamford Bridge
19143-4 July London Stamford Bridge
Not held 1915 to 1918 due to World War I
19195 July London Stamford Bridge
19202-3 July London Stamford Bridge
19211-2 July London Stamford Bridge
192230 June-1 July 1922 London Stamford Bridge
192323 June London Stamford Bridge
1924 London Stamford Bridge
192517-18 July London Stamford Bridge
19262-3 July London Stamford Bridge
19271-4 July London Stamford Bridge
19286-7 July London Stamford Bridge
19295-6 July London Stamford Bridge
19304-5 July London Stamford Bridge
19313-4 July London Stamford Bridge
19321-2 July London White City Stadium
19337-8 July London White City Stadium
193413-14 July London White City Stadium
193512-13 July London White City Stadium
193610-11 July London White City Stadium
193716-17 July London White City Stadium
193815-16 July London White City Stadium
19397-8 July London White City Stadium
Not held 1940 to 1945 due to World War II
194619-20 July London White City Stadium
194718-19 July London White City Stadium
19482-3 July London White City Stadium
194915-16 July London White City Stadium
195014-15 July London White City Stadium
195114–15 July London White City Stadium
195221–22 July London White City Stadium
195311–12 July London White City Stadium
195410–11 July London White City Stadium
195516–17 July London White City Stadium
195613-14 July London White City Stadium
195712-13 July London White City Stadium
195811–12 July London White City Stadium
195910-11 July London White City Stadium
1960 15–16 July London White City Stadium
1961 14–15 July London White City Stadium
1962 13–14 July London White City Stadium
1963 12–13 July London White City Stadium
1964 10–11 July London White City Stadium
1965 9–10 July London White City Stadium
1966 8–9 July London White City Stadium
1967 14–15 July London White City Stadium
1968 12–13 July London White City Stadium Imperial distance events replaced with metric distances
Women's 3000 m held in Crawley
1969 1–2 August London White City Stadium
1970 7–9 August London White City Stadium
1971 23–24 July London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1972 14–15 July London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1973 13–14 July London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1974 12–13 July London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1975 1–2 August London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1976 13–14 August Cwmbran Cwmbran Stadium
1977 22–23 July London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1978 23–24 July London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1979 13–14 July London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1980 5–6 September London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1981 7–8 August London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1982 24–25 July London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1983 23–24 July London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1984 23–24 June Birmingham Alexander Stadium 3000 metres held in London
1985 13–14 July London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1986 20–21 June Birmingham Alexander Stadium
1987 1–2 August London Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
1988 5–7 August Birmingham Alexander Stadium Olympic trials, women's championships held in conjunction for first time
1989 11–13 August Birmingham Alexander Stadium
1990 3–4 August Birmingham Alexander Stadium
1991 26–27 July Birmingham Alexander Stadium
1992 27–28 July Birmingham Alexander Stadium Olympic trials
1993 16–17 July Birmingham Alexander Stadium
1994 11–12 July Sheffield Don Valley Stadium
1995 15–16 July Birmingham Alexander Stadium
1996 14–16 July Birmingham Alexander Stadium Olympic trials
1997 24–25 July Birmingham Alexander Stadium
1998 24–26 July Birmingham Alexander Stadium
1999 23–25 July Birmingham Alexander Stadium
2000 11–13 July Birmingham Alexander Stadium Olympic trials
2001 13–15 July Birmingham Alexander Stadium
2002 12–14 July Birmingham Alexander Stadium
2003 25–27 July Birmingham Alexander Stadium
2004 10–11 July Manchester Sportcity Olympic trials
2005 9–10 July Manchester Sportcity
2006 15–16 July Manchester Sportcity

Most successful athletes by event

EventMenMen's titlesWomenWomen's titles
100 metres Linford Christie 8 Joice Maduaka 5
200 metres John Regis 6 Kathy Smallwood-Cook 6
400 metres David Jenkins 6 Joslyn Hoyte-Smith
Linda Keough
3
800 metres Steve Ovett
Steve Cram
Curtis Robb
3 Kelly Holmes 7
1500 metres John Mayock 6 Hayley Tullett 4
3000 metresNo multiple champions Yvonne Murray 4
5000 metres Eamonn Martin
Brendan Foster
3 Hayley Yelling 3
10,000 metres Dave Bedford 5 Hayley Yelling 3
3000 m steeplechase Maurice Herriott 7 Tina Brown 2
110/100 m hurdles Colin Jackson 11 Sally Gunnell 7
400 m hurdles Chris Rawlinson 6 Gowry Retchakan 5
High jump Howard Baker 6 Dorothy Tyler 8
Pole vault Tom Ray 7 Janine Whitlock 6
Long jump Peter O'Connor 6 Ethel Raby 6
Triple jumpFlag of the Netherlands.svg  Willem Peters  (NED)6 Michelle Griffith 5
Shot putFlag of Ireland.svg  Denis Horgan  (IRE)13 Judy Oakes 17
Discus throw Bill Tancred 7 Suzanne Allday 7
Hammer throw Mick Jones
Tom Nicolson
6 Lorraine Shaw 6
Javelin throw Mick Hill
Dave Travis
7 Tessa Sanderson 10
Combined events Leslie Pinder 4 Mary Peters 8
3000/5000 m race walk Roger Mills 10 Betty Sworowski 4
10,000 m race walk Brian Adams 5 Irene Bateman
Helen Elleker
Betty Sworowski
Vicky Lupton
3

See also

List of British athletics champions

Related Research Articles

UK Athletics Championships

The UK Athletics Championships was an annual national championship in track and field for the United Kingdom, organised by the British Athletics Federation. The event incorporated the 1980 Olympic trials for the British Olympic team. The venue for the event was rotational and designed to be inclusive – all four Home Nations hosted the event during its twenty-year existence, as well as several areas of England.

1977 UK Athletics Championships

The 1977 UK Athletics Championships was the national championship in outdoor track and field for the United Kingdom held at Cwmbran Stadium, Cwmbran.

1978 UK Athletics Championships

The 1978 UK Athletics Championships was the national championship in outdoor track and field for the United Kingdom held at Meadowbank Stadium, Edinburgh.

1980 UK Athletics Championships

The 1980 UK Athletics Championships was the national championship in outdoor track and field for the United Kingdom held at Crystal Palace Athletics Stadium, London. Three events were contested separately at Meadowbank Stadium, Edinburgh – the women's 1500 metres and men's 800 metres and 5000 metres. This set of events served as the British Olympic Team Trials for the 1980 Summer Olympics. Two new events were contested for the first time: a men's 10,000 metres track walk and a women's 5000 metres track walk.

1983 UK Athletics Championships

The 1983 UK Athletics Championships was the national championship in outdoor track and field for the United Kingdom held at Meadowbank Stadium, Edinburgh. It was the second time the event was held in the Scottish city, following on from the 1978 UK Athletics Championships. The women's 5000 metres race walk was restored to the programme after an absence at the 1982 event.

1986 UK Athletics Championships

The 1986 UK Athletics Championships was the national championship in outdoor track and field for the United Kingdom held at Cwmbran Stadium, Cwmbran. It was the fourth time the event was held in the Welsh town. The women's 5000 metres was dropped from the programme and replaced by a women's 10,000 metres event.

AAA Indoor Championships

The AAA Indoor Championships was an annual indoor track and field competition organised by the Amateur Athletic Association of England. It was the foremost indoor domestic athletics event during its lifetime.

The 1987 UK Athletics Championships was the national championship in outdoor track and field for the United Kingdom held at Moorways Stadium, Derby. It was the first time that the English city hosted the event. The men's 10,000 metres was held at the Gateshead International Stadium, while the women's event was dropped entirely.

The 1989 UK Athletics Championships was the national championship in outdoor track and field for the United Kingdom held at Monkton Stadium, Jarrow. It was the first time that the event was held in North East England. The men's 10,000 metres was dropped from the programme and replaced by a 3000 metres event. Strong winds affected the jumps programme and several of the sprint races.

1990 UK Athletics Championships

The 1990 UK Athletics Championships was the national championship in outdoor track and field for the United Kingdom held at Cardiff Athletics Stadium, Cardiff. It was the first time that the event was held in the Welsh capital. Strong winds affected several of the sprint races and jumps on the programme. A women's triple jump was contested for the first time.

1991 UK Athletics Championships

The 1991 UK Athletics Championships was the national championship in outdoor track and field for the United Kingdom held at Cardiff Athletics Stadium, Cardiff. It was the second time that the event was held in the Welsh capital, following on from the 1990 championships there. Strong winds affected several of the jumps on the programme. A women's hammer throw was added to the schedule for the first time, though it was not classified as a UK championship event at the competition.

The 1992 UK Athletics Championships was the national championship in outdoor track and field for the United Kingdom held at Sheffield Hallam UCA Stadium, Sheffield. It was the only time the city hosted the championships. The men's and women's racewalking events were dropped from the programme for this edition. The women's hammer throw was also not contested after featured for the first time in 1991.

1993 UK Athletics Championships

The 1993 UK Athletics Championships was the national championship in outdoor track and field for the United Kingdom held at Crystal Palace Athletics Stadium, London. It was the second time that the British capital hosted the event, having previously done so in 1980. It would be the last outing of the series in its annual format.

The 1923 WAAA Championships were the first national track and field championships for women in the UK. The tournament was held on 18 August 1923 at the Oxo Sport Grounds in London, United Kingdom.

2001 AAA Championships Track & field competition

The 2001 AAA Championships was an outdoor track and field competition organised by the Amateur Athletic Association (AAA), held from 13–15 July at Alexander Stadium in Birmingham, England. It was considered the de facto national championships for the United Kingdom.

WAAA Championships

The WAAA Championships was an annual track and field competition organised by the Women's Amateur Athletic Association (WAAA) in England. It was the foremost domestic athletics event for women during its lifetime.

1993 AAA Championships

The 1993 AAA Championships was an outdoor track and field competition organised by the Amateur Athletic Association (AAA), held from 16–17 July at Alexander Stadium in Birmingham, England. It was considered the de facto national championships for the United Kingdom, ahead of the 1993 UK Athletics Championships.

1989 AAA Championships

The 1989 AAA Championships was an outdoor track and field competition organised by the Amateur Athletic Association (AAA), held from 11–13 August at Alexander Stadium in Birmingham, England. It was considered the de facto national championships for the United Kingdom, ahead of the 1989 UK Athletics Championships.

1988 AAA Championships Outdoor track and field competition

The 1988 AAA Championships was an outdoor track and field competition organised by the Amateur Athletic Association (AAA), held from 5–7 August at Alexander Stadium in Birmingham, England.It served as the trials for the 1988 British Olympic team. It was considered the de facto national championships for the United Kingdom, ahead of the 1989 UK Athletics Championships.

Finnish Indoor Athletics Championships

The Finnish Indoor Athletics Championships is an annual indoor track and field competition organised by the Finnish Amateur Athletic Association, which serves as the Finnish national championship for the sport. First held in 1962, the competition was open to non-Finnish athletes and several foreign athletes were crowned as Finnish champions. The championship titles were restricted to Finnish nationals from 1987 onwards, with foreign competitors reduced to guest status only.

References

  1. 1 2 3 AAA Championships Women. GBR Athletics. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
  2. "Track Stats - John Powell". nuts.org.uk. Retrieved 29 October 2012. The European Championships did not begin until 1934
  3. 1 2 3 AAA Championships. NUTS. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
  4. UK Championships. GBR Athletics. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
  5. 1 2 3 AAA Championships (Men). GBR Athletics. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
  6. AAA. England Athletics. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
  7. What We Do. England Athletics. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
  8. Athletes on form at England Athletics Senior Championships Archived 2018-02-26 at the Wayback Machine . England Athletics (2016-07-31). Retrieved 2018-02-25.
Editions