Javelin throw at the Olympics

Last updated
Javelin throw
at the Olympic Games
Tapio Rautavaara 1949b.jpg
The 1948 javelin throw competition, Tapio Rautavaara (FIN)
Overview
Sport Athletics
GenderMen and women
Years heldMen: 19082016
Women: 19322016
Olympic record
Men90.57 m Andreas Thorkildsen (2008)
Women71.53 m Osleidys Menéndez (2004)
Reigning champion
MenFlag of Germany.svg  Thomas Röhler  (GER)
WomenFlag of Croatia.svg  Sara Kolak  (CRO)

The javelin throw at the Summer Olympics is one of four track and field throwing events held at the multi-sport event. The men's javelin throw has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since 1908, being the last of the current throwing events to feature at the Olympics after the shot put, discus throw and hammer throw. The women's event was first contested at the 1932 Olympics, becoming the second women's throws event after the discus in 1928.

Contents

[1] [2]

Two variants of the javelin have featured on the Olympic programme: a freestyle version was first contested at the 1906 Intercalated Games and then again the 1908 London Olympics. A one-off two-handed version was held at the 1912 Stockholm Olympics.

Medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1908 London
details
Eric Lemming
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Arne Halse
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Otto Nilsson
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1912 Stockholm
details
Eric Lemming
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Julius Saaristo
Flag of Russia.svg  Finland
Mór Kóczán
Flag of Hungary (1867-1918).svg  Hungary
1920 Antwerp
details
Jonni Myyrä
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Urho Peltonen
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Pekka Johansson
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
1924 Paris
details
Jonni Myyrä
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Gunnar Lindström
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Eugene Oberst
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1928 Amsterdam
details
Erik Lundqvist
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Béla Szepes
Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946; 3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Hungary
Olav Sunde
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
1932 Los Angeles
details
Matti Järvinen
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Matti Sippala
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Eino Penttilä
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
1936 Berlin
details
Gerhard Stöck
Flag of the German Reich (1935-1945).svg  Germany
Yrjö Nikkanen
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Kalervo Toivonen
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
1948 London
details
Tapio Rautavaara
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Steve Seymour
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
József Várszegi
Flag of Hungary (1946-1949, 1956-1957).svg  Hungary
1952 Helsinki
details
Cy Young
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Bill Miller
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Toivo Hyytiäinen
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
1956 Melbourne
details
Egil Danielsen
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Janusz Sidło
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Viktor Tsybulenko
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Viktor Tsybulenko
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Walter Krüger
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany
Gergely Kulcsár
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
1964 Tokyo
details
Pauli Nevala
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Gergely Kulcsár
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Jānis Lūsis
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Jānis Lūsis
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Jorma Kinnunen
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Gergely Kulcsár
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
1972 Munich
details
Klaus Wolfermann
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Jānis Lūsis
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Bill Schmidt
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1976 Montreal
details
Miklós Németh
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Hannu Siitonen
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Gheorghe Megelea
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
1980 Moscow
details
Dainis Kūla
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Aleksandr Makarov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Wolfgang Hanisch
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Arto Härkönen
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
David Ottley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Kenth Eldebrink
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1988 Seoul
details
Tapio Korjus
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Jan Železný
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia
Seppo Räty
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
1992 Barcelona
details
Jan Železný
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia
Seppo Räty
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Steve Backley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1996 Atlanta
details
Jan Železný
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Steve Backley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Seppo Räty
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
2000 Sydney
details
Jan Železný
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Steve Backley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Sergey Makarov
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2004 Athens
details
Andreas Thorkildsen
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Vadims Vasiļevskis
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia
Sergey Makarov
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2008 Beijing
details
Andreas Thorkildsen
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Ainārs Kovals
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia
Tero Pitkämäki
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
2012 London
details
Keshorn Walcott
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
Antti Ruuskanen
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Vítězslav Veselý
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Thomas Röhler
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Julius Yego
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Keshorn Walcott
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago

Multiple medalists

RankAthleteNationOlympicsGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Jan Železný Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia  (TCH)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)
1988–20003104
2 Eric Lemming Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)1908–19122002
Jonni Myyrä Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)1920–19242002
Andreas Thorkildsen Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)2004–20082002
5 Jānis Lūsis Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)1964–19721113
6 Viktor Tsybulenko Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)1956–19601012
Keshorn Walcott Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago  (TTO)2012–20161012
8 Steve Backley Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)1992–20000213
9 Gergely Kulcsár Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)1960–19680123
Seppo Räty Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)1988–19960123
11 Sergey Makarov Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)2000–20040022

Medalists by country

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)78722
2Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)3227
3Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)3126
4Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)3115
5Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER) [nb] 2103
6Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)2013
7Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)1247
8Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)1225
9Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia  (TCH)1102
10Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago  (TRI)1012
11Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany  (FRG)1001
12Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)0314
13Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia  (LAT)0202
14Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya  (KEN)0101
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)0101
16Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)0022
17Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR)0011
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania  (ROU)0011

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1932 Los Angeles
details
Babe Didrikson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Ellen Braumüller
Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Germany
Tilly Fleischer
Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Germany
1936 Berlin
details
Tilly Fleischer
Flag of the German Reich (1935-1945).svg  Germany
Luise Krüger
Flag of the German Reich (1935-1945).svg  Germany
Maria Kwaśniewska
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
1948 London
details
Herma Bauma
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
Kaisa Parviainen
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Lily Carlstedt
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
1952 Helsinki
details
Dana Zátopková
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia
Aleksandra Chudina
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union
Yelena Gorchakova
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union
1956 Melbourne
details
Inese Jaunzeme
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Marlene Ahrens
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile
Nadezhda Konyayeva
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Elvīra Ozoliņa
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Dana Zátopková
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia
Birutė Kalėdienė
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1964 Tokyo
details
Mihaela Peneș
Flag of Romania (1952-1965).svg  Romania
Márta Rudas
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Yelena Gorchakova
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Angéla Németh
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Mihaela Peneș
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Eva Janko
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
1972 Munich
details
Ruth Fuchs
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Jacqueline Todten
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Kate Schmidt
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1976 Montreal
details
Ruth Fuchs
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Marion Becker
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Kate Schmidt
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1980 Moscow
details
María Caridad Colón
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Saida Gunba
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Ute Hommola
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Tessa Sanderson
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Tiina Lillak
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Fatima Whitbread
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1988 Seoul
details
Petra Felke
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Fatima Whitbread
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Beate Koch
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1992 Barcelona
details
Silke Renk
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Natalya Shikolenko
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team
Karen Forkel
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
1996 Atlanta
details
Heli Rantanen
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Louise McPaul
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Trine Hattestad
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
2000 Sydney
details
Trine Hattestad
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Mirela Maniani-Tzelili
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
Osleidys Menéndez
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
2004 Athens
details
Osleidys Menéndez
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Steffi Nerius
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Mirela Maniani
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
2008 Beijing
details
Barbora Špotáková
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Christina Obergföll
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany [3]
Goldie Sayers
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
2012 London
details
Barbora Špotáková
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Christina Obergföll
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Linda Stahl
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Sara Kolak
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Sunette Viljoen
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
Barbora Špotáková
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic

Multiple medalists

RankAthleteNationOlympicsGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Barbora Špotáková Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)2008–20162013
2 Ruth Fuchs Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR)1972–19762002
3 Dana Zátopková Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia  (TCH)1952–19601102
Mihaela Peneş Flag of Romania.svg  Romania  (ROU)1964–19681102
5 Tilly Fleischer Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)1932–19361012
Trine Hattestad Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)1996–20001012
Osleidys Menéndez Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)2000–20041012
8 Fatima Whitbread Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)1984–19880112
Mirela Maniani Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)2000–20040112
Christina Obergföll Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)2008–20120112
11 Yelena Gorchakova Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)1952–19640022
Kate Schmidt Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)1972–19760022

Medalists by country

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR)3126
2Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)24410
3Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)2248
4Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)2013
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)2013
6Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)1203
7Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)1113
8Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia  (TCH)1102
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)1102
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania  (ROU)1102
11Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)1023
12Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)1012
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)1012
14Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia  (CRO)1001
15Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)0112
15Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)0101
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile  (CHI)0101
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)0101
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa  (RSA)0101
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team  (EUN)0101
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany  (FRG)0101
21Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)0011
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)0011

Intercalated Games

The 1906 Intercalated Games were held in Athens and at the time were officially recognised as part of the Olympic Games series, with the intention being to hold a games in Greece in two-year intervals between the internationally held Olympics. However, this plan never came to fruition and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) later decided not to recognise these games as part of the official Olympic series. Some sports historians continue to treat the results of these games as part of the Olympic canon. [4]

A men's freestyle javelin event was contested at the 1906 Games – the first time the javelin featured on the Olympic programme. The competition was dominated by Swedish athletes, who took the first four places. [5] Eric Lemming was a comfortable winner by a margin of over eight metres and he would go on to win the first two Olympic titles proper in 1908 and 1912. [6] A 100 metres finalist, Knut Lindberg, was the silver medallist, [7] while the third placer, Bruno Söderström, also won a pole vault medal that year. [8]

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1906 Athens
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Eric Lemming  (SWE)Flag of Sweden.svg  Knut Lindberg  (SWE)Flag of Sweden.svg  Bruno Söderström  (SWE)

Variants

1908 freestyle javelin throw

Following the freestyle javelin contest at the 1906 Intercalated Games, the event was continued at the 1908 London Olympics in spite of the addition of the standard style javelin as well. Eric Lemming won his second freestyle title, and his first officially recognised Olympics gold, and also won the standard style event as well. [6] The freestyle event was dropped after 1908. [9]

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1908 London
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Eric Lemming  (SWE)Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg  Mikhail Dorizas  (GRE)Flag of Norway.svg  Arne Halse  (NOR)

Two-handed javelin throw

At the 1912 Stockholm Olympics a two-handed variant of the standard javelin throw competition took place. Each athlete had three attempts using each hand and their score was calculated by adding their best performances for the left and right hands. It featured two rounds, with the top three after the first round receiving a further three attempts with each arm. [10]

Finnish athletes completed a podium sweep as Julius Saaristo, the runner-up in the 1912 standard javelin event, took the gold medal. Eric Lemming, champion in the one-handed event, performed poorly with his left hand and finished in fourth place. [10]

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1912 Stockholm
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Julius Saaristo  (FIN)Flag of Russia.svg  Väinö Siikaniemi  (FIN)Flag of Russia.svg  Urho Peltonen  (FIN)

Related Research Articles

Javelin throw Track and field athletics event

The javelin throw is a track and field event where the javelin, a spear about 2.5 m in length, is thrown. The javelin thrower gains momentum by running within a predetermined area. Javelin throwing is an event of both the men's decathlon and the women's heptathlon.

Athletics at the 1908 Summer Olympics – Mens javelin throw Athletics at the Olympics

The men's javelin throw was one of six throwing events on the Athletics at the 1908 Summer Olympics programme in London. The javelin was required to be held in the middle. The competition was held on 17 July 1908. 16 throwers from six nations competed. NOCs could enter up to 12 athletes.

The men's freestyle javelin throw was one of six throwing events on the Athletics at the 1908 Summer Olympics programme in London. The javelin could be held anywhere, as opposed to the standard javelin throw which required the javelin to be held by a grip in the middle. This was the only time such a "freestyle" event was held at the Olympics. The competition was held on July 15, 1908. 33 throwers from nine nations competed. NOCs could enter up to 12 athletes.

Eric Lemming Swedish athlete

Eric Otto Valdemar Lemming was a Swedish track and field athlete who competed at the 1900, 1906, 1908 and 1912 Olympics in a wide variety of events, which mostly involved throwing and jumping. He had his best results in the javelin throw, which he won at the 1906–1912 Games, and in which he set multiple world records between 1899 and 1912. His last record, measured at 62.32 m, was ratified by the International Association of Athletics Federations as the first official world record.

Greece at the 1912 Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

Greece competed at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden. 22 competitors, all men, took part in 25 events in five sports. Greek athletes have competed in all Summer Olympic Games.

Verner Järvinen Finnish athletics competitor

Venne "Verner" Järvinen was a Finnish track and field athlete, who competed mostly in throwing events. He won the gold medal in the Greek-style discus in the 1906 Intercalated Games, and the bronze in the 1908 Summer Olympics, becoming the first Finnish Olympic medalist in athletics. He won the Finnish championship in Greek style discus three times in 1909–1911 and held the national record in discus and hammer throw.

Otto Scheff, born Otto Sochaczewsky was an Austrian freestyle swimmer, water polo player, lawyer, politician, and sports official who competed in the 1906 Intercalated Games, in the 1908 Summer Olympics, and in the 1912 Summer Olympics.

Hjalmar Johansson Swedish sportsman

Carl Hjalmar August Johansson was a Swedish pioneer diver, swimmer and track and field athlete who competed at the 1906, 1908 and 1912 Summer Olympics.

György Luntzer Hungarian athlete and wrestler

György Luntzer was a Hungarian track and field athlete and sport wrestler. A three-time Hungarian Athletics Championships winner in the discus throw, he also participated at the 1908 Summer Olympics and the 1912 Summer Olympics, achieving his best result in 1908 by finishing seventh in the discus throw event.

400 metres at the Olympics

The 400 metres at the Summer Olympics has been contested since the first edition of the multi-sport event. The men's 400 m has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since 1896 but nearly seventy years passed before the introduction of the women's 400 m, which has been held continuously since the 1964 Games. It is the most prestigious 400 m race at elite level. The competition format typically has two qualifying rounds leading to a final race between eight athletes.

10,000 metres at the Olympics

The 10,000 metres at the Summer Olympics is the longest track running event held at the multi-sport event. The men's 10,000 m has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since 1912. The women's event was added to the programme over seventy years later, at the 1988 Olympics. It is the most prestigious 10,000 m race at elite level. The competition format is a straight final between around 30 athletes, although prior to 2004 a qualifying round was held.

Shot put at the Olympics

The shot put at the Summer Olympics is one of four track and field throwing events held at the multi-sport event. The men's shot put has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since 1896. The women's event was added to the programme at the 1948 Olympics just over fifty years later.

Discus throw at the Olympics Olympic sport

The discus throw is one of four track and field throwing events held at the Summer Olympics. The men's discus throw has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since 1896. The women's event was first contested at the 1928 Olympics, being one of the five athletics events in the inaugural Olympic women's programme.

Hammer throw at the Olympics

The hammer throw at the Summer Olympics is one of four track and field throwing events held at the multi-sport event. The men's hammer throw has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since 1900, becoming the third Olympic throws event after the shot put and discus throw. The women's event was a much later addition, being first contested at the 2000 Olympics.

Pole vault at the Olympics

The pole vault at the Summer Olympics is grouped among the four track and field jumping events held at the multi-sport event. The men's pole vault has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since the first Summer Olympics in 1896. The women's event is one of the latest additions to the programme, first being contested at the 2000 Summer Olympics – along with the addition of the hammer throw, this brought the women's field event programme to parity with the men's.

High jump at the Olympics

The high jump at the Summer Olympics is grouped among the four track and field jumping events held at the multi-sport event. The men's high jump has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since the first Summer Olympics in 1896. The women's high jump was one of five events to feature on the first women's athletics programme in 1928, and it was the only jumping event available to women until 1948, when the long jump was permitted.

Long jump at the Olympics

The long jump at the Summer Olympics is grouped among the four track and field jumping events held at the multi-sport event. The men's long jump has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since the first Summer Olympics in 1896. The women's long jump was introduced over fifty years later in 1948 and was the second Olympic jumping event for women after the high jump, which was added in 1928.

Race walking at the Olympics

Race walking events at the Summer Olympics have been contested over a variety of distances at the multi-sport event. There are three race walking events in the current Olympic athletics programme: a men's and a women's 20 kilometres walk, and a men's 50 kilometres walk. The races are held in a final-only format.

Combined events at the Olympics

Combined events at the Summer Olympics have been contested in several formats at the multi-sport event. There are two combined track and field events in the current Olympic athletics programme: a men's decathlon and a women's heptathlon.

References

Participation and athlete data
Olympic record progressions
Specific
  1. Olympic Medalists Men. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.
  2. Olympic Medalists Women. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.
  3. Mariya Abakumova, from Russia, was disqualified in 2016, after retesting. Sayers was later confirmed as the bronze medalist.
  4. 1906 Athina Summer Games Archived 2013-09-22 at the Wayback Machine . Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-01-26.
  5. Athletics at the 1906 Athina Summer Games: Men's Javelin Throw, Freestyle Archived 2010-08-05 at the Wayback Machine . Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.
  6. 1 2 Eric Lemming Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machine . Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.
  7. Knut Lindberg Archived 2014-08-04 at the Wayback Machine . Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.
  8. Bruno Söderström Archived 2013-12-13 at the Wayback Machine . Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.
  9. Athletics Men's Javelin Throw, Freestyle Medalists Archived 2014-08-04 at the Wayback Machine . Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.
  10. 1 2 Athletics at the 1912 Stockholm Summer Games: Men's Javelin Throw, Both Hands Archived 2010-08-05 at the Wayback Machine . Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-04-19.