Yugoslavia national football team

Last updated

Yugoslavia
Yugoslav Football Federation 1990.png
Nickname(s) Plavi (The Blues)
Brazilians of Europe [1]
Association Football Association
of Yugoslavia
Most caps Dragan Džajić (85)
(SFRY)
Top scorer Stjepan Bobek (38)
(SFRY)
Home stadium Red Star Stadium, Belgrade
FIFA code YUG
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First colours
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Second colours
First international
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 7–0 KSCS Flag of Yugoslavia (1918-1943).svg
(Antwerp, Belgium; 28 August 1920) [lower-alpha 1]
Biggest win
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Yugoslavia 10–0 Venezuela Flag of Venezuela (1954-2006).svg
(Curitiba, Brazil; 14 June 1972) [2] [3]
Biggest defeat
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 7–0 KSCS Flag of Yugoslavia (1918-1943).svg
(Antwerp, Belgium; 28 August 1920)
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 7–0 KSCS Flag of Yugoslavia (1918-1943).svg
(Paris, France; 26 May 1924)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 7–0 KSCS Flag of Yugoslavia (1918-1943).svg
(Prague, Czechoslovakia; 28 October 1925)
World Cup
Appearances8 [lower-alpha 2] (first in 1930 )
Best resultFourth place (1930, 1962)
European Championship
Appearances4 [lower-alpha 2] (first in 1960 )
Best resultRunners-up, 1960 and 1968

The Yugoslavia national football team (Serbo-Croatian: Fudbalska/nogometna reprezentacija Jugoslavije / Фудбалска/ногометна репрезентација Југославије; Slovene: Jugoslovanska nogometna reprezentanca; Macedonian: Фудбалска репрезентација на Југославија) represented Yugoslavia in international association football.

Serbo-Croatian South Slavic language

Serbo-Croatian is a South Slavic language and the primary language of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro. It is a pluricentric language with four mutually intelligible standard varieties.

Slovene language South Slavic language spoken primarily in Slovenia

Slovene or Slovenian is a South Slavic language spoken by the Slovenes. It is spoken by about 2.5 million speakers worldwide, the majority of whom live in Slovenia, where it is the sole official language. As Slovenia is part of the European Union, Slovene is also one of its 24 official and working languages.

Macedonian language Language spoken in North Macedonia

Macedonian is a South Slavic language spoken as a first language by around two million people, principally in North Macedonia and the Macedonian diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia. It is the official language of North Macedonia and a recognized minority language in parts of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania, and Serbia.

Contents

Although the team mainly represented the pre-war Kingdom of Yugoslavia and the post-war Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY), various iterations of the state were formally constituted in football, including the:

Kingdom of Yugoslavia Kingdom in southeast Europe between 1918 and 1943

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a state in Southeast and Central Europe that existed from 1918 until 1941, during the interwar period and beginning of World War II. From 1918 to 1929, it was officially called the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, but the term "Yugoslavia" was its colloquial name due to its origins. The official name of the state was changed to "Kingdom of Yugoslavia" by King Alexander I on 3 October 1929.

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Socialist republic in Southeast Europe between 1943 and 1992

The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY), also known as SFR Yugoslavia or simply Yugoslavia, was a country located in Central and Southeastern Europe that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars. Covering an area of 255,804 km², the SFRY was bordered by the Adriatic Sea and Italy to the west, Austria and Hungary to the north, Bulgaria and Romania to the east, and Albania and Greece to the south.

Democratic Federal Yugoslavia former state in Southeast Europe between November 1943 and November 1945

Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, also known as Democratic Federative Yugoslavia, was a provisional state established during World War II on 29 November 1943 through the Second Session of the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ). The National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia (NKOJ) was its original executive body. Throughout its existence it was governed by Marshal Josip Broz Tito as prime minister.

It enjoyed success in international competition. In 1992, during the Yugoslav wars, the team was suspended from international competition as part of a United Nations sanction. In 1994, when the boycott was lifted, it was succeeded by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia national football team.

The Serbia national football team inherited Yugoslavia's spot within FIFA and UEFA and is considered by both organisations as the only successor of Yugoslavia (and of Serbia and Montenegro). [4] [5] [6]

Serbia national football team mens national association football team representing Serbia

The Serbia national football team represents Serbia in men's international football competition. It is controlled by the Football Association of Serbia, the governing body for football in Serbia.

FIFA International governing body of association football

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is a non-profit organization which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, fútsal, beach soccer, and efootball. It is the highest governing body of football.

UEFA international sport governing body

The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football, futsal and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members.

History

Yugoslavia at the 1924 Summer Olympics Yugoslavia football team 1924.jpg
Yugoslavia at the 1924 Summer Olympics

The first national team was in the kingdom that existed between the two world wars. The Football Federation of what was then the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was founded in Zagreb in 1919 under the name Jugoslovenski nogometni savez (and admitted into FIFA), and the national team played its first international game at the Summer Olympics in Antwerp in 1920. The opponent was Czechoslovakia, and the historic starting eleven that represented Kingdom of SCS on its debut were: Dragutin Vrđuka, Vjekoslav Župančić, Jaroslav Šifer, Stanko Tavčar, Slavin Cindrić, Rudolf Rupec, Dragutin Vragović, Artur Dubravčić, Emil Perška, Ivan Granec, and Jovan Ružić. They lost by a huge margin 0–7, but nonetheless got their names in the history books.

Zagreb Capital and largest city of Croatia

Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia. It is located in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately 122 m (400 ft) above sea level. The estimated population of the city in 2018 was 820,678. The population of the Zagreb urban agglomeration is about 1.1 million, approximately a quarter of the total population of Croatia.

Football Association of Yugoslavia association football governing body in Yugoslavia

The Football Association of Yugoslavia (FSJ) was the governing body of football in Yugoslavia, based in Belgrade, with a major administrative branch in Zagreb.

Antwerp Municipality in Flemish Community, Belgium

Antwerp is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders. With a population of 520,504, it is the most populous city proper in Belgium, and with a metropolitan area housing around 1,200,000 people, it's the second largest metropolitan region after Brussels in Belgium.

1930 World Cup

A Yugoslavia line-up in the 1930 FIFA World Cup Yugoslavia nationalteam 1930.jpg
A Yugoslavia line-up in the 1930 FIFA World Cup

In 1929, the country was renamed to Yugoslavia and the football association became Fudbalski Savez Jugoslavije and moved its headquarters to Belgrade. The national team participated at the 1930 FIFA World Cup, finishing in fourth place. In its first ever World Cup match in Montevideo's Parque Central, Yugoslavia managed a famous 2–1 win versus mighty Brazil, with the following starting eleven representing the country: Milovan Jakšić, Branislav Sekulić, Aleksandar Tirnanić, Milutin Ivković, Ivica Bek, Momčilo Đokić, Blagoje Marjanović, Milorad Arsenijević, Đorđe Vujadinović, Dragoslav Mihajlović, and Ljubiša Stefanović. The team was the youngest squad at the inaugural World Cup at an average age of just under 22 years old, and became quite popular amongst the Uruguayan public, who dubbed them "Los Ichachos". The national team consisted of players based in Serbian football clubs, while the Zagreb Subassociation forbid players from Croatian clubs, some of whom were regulars in the national team until then, to play in the World Cup due to the relocation of football association's headquarters from Zagreb to Belgrade. [7]

Silver Medal at 1948 Summer Olympics

Yugoslavia began their football campaign by defeating Luxembourg 6–1, with five different players scoring the goals. In the quarter-finals and the semi-finals, they would take out Turkey and Great Britain by the same score of 3–1. In the final though, they would lose to Sweden.

Silver Medal at 1952 Summer Olympics

Having a team with many players from the 1948 generation, Yugoslavia was a formidable side at the 1952 Summer Olympics and finished as runners-up behind the famous "Golden Team" representing Hungary. Against the USSR, Yugoslavia was 5–1 up with 15 minutes of their first round match to go. The Yugoslavs, understandably, put their feet up. Arthur Ellis, the match referee, recorded what happened next in his book, The Final Whistle (London, 1963): "The USSR forced the most honourable draw ever recorded! [Vsevolod] Bobrov, their captain, scored a magnificent hat-trick. After the USSR had reduced the lead to 5–2, he, almost single-handed, took the score to 5–5, scoring his third in the last minute. For once, use of the word sensational was justified." Although Bobrov's early goal in their replay presaged a miraculous recovery, Yugoslavia recovered sufficiently to put out their opponents easily in the second half.

Later decades

The federation and football overall was disrupted by World War II. After the war, a socialist federation was formed and the football federation reconstituted. It was one of the founding members of the UEFA and it organized the 1976 European Championship played in Belgrade and Zagreb. The national team participated in eight World Cups and four Euros, won the Olympic football tournament in 1960 at the Summer Games (they also finished second three times and third once), and developed a reputation for skillful and attacking football, leading them to be dubbed "the Brazilians of Europe". [8]

Dragan Džajić holds the record for the most national team caps at 85, between 1964 and 1979. The best scorer is Stjepan Bobek with 38 goals, between 1946 and 1956.

Dissolution and UN embargo

With the end of the Cold War, democratic principles were introduced to the country which brought about the end of Titoist rule. In the subsequent atmosphere, national tensions were heightened. At the Yugoslavia-Netherlands friendly in preparation for the 1990 World Cup, the Croatian crowd in Zagreb jeered the Yugoslav team and anthem and waved Dutch flags (owing to its resemblance to the Croatian tricolour). With the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the team split up and the remaining team of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) was banned from competing at Euro 92. The decision was made on 31 May 1992, just 10 days before the competition commenced. [9]

They had finished top of their qualifying group, but were unable to play in the competition due to United Nations Security Council Resolution 757. Their place was taken by Denmark, who went on to win the competition. Yugoslavia had also been drawn as second seed in Group 5 of the European Zone in the qualifying tournament for the 1994 World Cup. FRY was barred from competing, rendering the group unusually weak.

Breakup

After the breakup of Yugoslavia, the FRY consisted of Montenegro and Serbia. [10] [11] The national team of Serbia and Montenegro continued under the name Yugoslavia until 2003, when country and team were renamed Serbia and Montenegro. For the later official football teams, see:

National teams

Successor teams

Both FIFA and UEFA consider the Serbian national team to be the direct and sole successor of the Yugoslavia (Kingdom of Yugoslavia, SFR Yugoslavia and FR Yugoslavia) and Serbia and Montenegro national football teams. The teams of other republics were inducted as fully new members.

NationFIFA ActiveInternational tournament(s)Round
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia (since 1991)
UEFA Euro 1996 Quarter-Final
1998 FIFA World Cup Third Place
2002 FIFA World Cup Group Stage
UEFA Euro 2004 Group Stage
2006 FIFA World Cup Group Stage
UEFA Euro 2008 Quarter-Final
UEFA Euro 2012 Group Stage
2014 FIFA World Cup Group Stage
UEFA Euro 2016 Round of 16
2018 FIFA World Cup Runner-up
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia (1992–2003)
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  Serbia and Montenegro (2003–2006)
(since 2008)
1998 FIFA World Cup (FR Yugoslavia)Round of 16
UEFA Euro 2000 (FR Yugoslavia)Quarter-Final
2006 FIFA World Cup (Serbia & Monetenegro)Group Stage
2010 FIFA World Cup Group Stage
2018 FIFA World Cup Group Stage
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia (since 1991)
UEFA Euro 2000 Group Stage
2002 FIFA World Cup Group Stage
2010 FIFA World Cup Group Stage
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina (since 1995) 2014 FIFA World Cup Group Stage
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia (since 1991)
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro (since 2006)

Additional stats:

Youth teams

The under-21 team won the inaugural UEFA U-21 Championship in 1978.

The Yugoslav under-20 team won the FIFA World Youth Championship 1987.

Kit history

Kit sponsorship

All of the kits from 1950 to 1990 are sponsored by Adidas.

Kingdom

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1930. [12] [13]

SFRY

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1950–1962
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1974
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1982
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1984
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1990

Competitive record

FIFA World Cup record

    Champions      Runners-up       Third Place       Fourth Place  

FIFA World Cup record Qualification Record
YearRoundPositionPldWDLGFGASquadsPldWDLGFGA
Flag of Uruguay.svg 1930 Fourth Place [14] [lower-alpha 3] 4th320177 Squad Invited
Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg 1934 Did Not Qualify201134
Flag of France (1794-1815).svg 1938 210114
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg 1950 Group Stage5th320173 Squad 5320166
Flag of Switzerland.svg 1954 Quarter-final7th311123 Squad 440040
Flag of Sweden.svg 1958 Quarter-final5th412177 Squad 422072
Flag of Chile.svg 1962 Fourth Place4th6303107 Squad 4310114
Flag of England.svg 1966 Did Not Qualify6312108
Flag of Mexico.svg 1970 6312197
Flag of Germany.svg 1974 2nd Group Stage7th6123127 Squad 532084
Flag of Argentina.svg 1978 Did Not Qualify410368
Flag of Spain.svg 1982 Group Stage16th311122 Squad 8611227
Flag of Mexico.svg 1986 Did Not Qualify832378
Flag of Italy.svg 1990 Quarter-final5th531186 Squad 8620166
Flag of the United States.svg 1994 Banned [lower-alpha 4] Banned
TotalFourth Place8/15331471255426638151313068

UEFA European Championship record

    Champions      Runners-up       Third Place       Fourth Place  

UEFA European Championship record Qualification Record
YearRoundPositionPldWDLGFGASquadsPldWDLGFGA
Flag of France.svg 1960 Runners-up 2nd210166 Squad 421194
Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg 1964 Did Not Qualify421165
Flag of Italy.svg 1968 Runners-up 2nd311123 Squad 6411145
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 1972 1/4 play offs834175
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg 1976 Fourth Place4th200247 Squad 8611155
Flag of Italy.svg 1980 Did Not Qualify6402146
Flag of France.svg 1984 Group Stage8th place3003210 Squad 63211211
Flag of Germany.svg 1988 Did Not Qualify6402139
Flag of Sweden.svg 1992 Banned after qualification [16] 8701244
TotalRunners-up4/91021714265635101111454
*Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.

Mediterranean Games record

Football at the Mediterranean Games
YearRoundGPWDLGSGA
Flag of Egypt (1922-1958).svg 1951 -000000
Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg 1955 -000000
Flag of Lebanon.svg 1959 -000000
Flag of Italy.svg 1963 -000000
Flag of Tunisia.svg 1967 -000000
Flag of Turkey.svg 1971 1321082
Flag of Algeria.svg 1975 5421183
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg 1979 15500164
Flag of Morocco.svg 1983 -000000
Flag of Syria.svg 1987 -000000
1991 – presentSee Yugoslavia national under-20 team
Total3/1012921329

Honours

This is a list of honours for the senior Yugoslav national football team

FIFA World Cup

UEFA European Championship

Olympic football tournament

Most capped players

#NameCareerCapsGoals
1 Dragan Džajić 1964–19798523
2 Zlatko Vujović 1979–19907025
3 Branko Zebec 1951–19616517
4 Stjepan Bobek 1946–19566338
5 Branko Stanković 1946–1956613
6 Faruk Hadžibegić 1982–1992616
7 Ivica Horvat 1946–1956600
8 Vladimir Beara 1950–1959590
9 Rajko Mitić 1946–19575932
10 Bernard Vukas 1948–19575922
11 Vujadin Boškov 1951–1958570
12 Blagoje Marjanović 1926–19385736
13 Jovan Aćimović 1968–1976553
14 Zlatko Čajkovski 1946–1955557
15 Fahrudin Jusufi 1959–1967550
16 Mehmed Baždarević 1982–1992544
17 Ivica Šurjak 1973–19825410
18 Safet Sušić 1977–19905421
19 Milorad Arsenijević 1927–1936520
20 Dragan Holcer 1965–1974520
21 Tomislav Crnković 1952–1960510
22 Milan Galić 1959–19655137
23 Aleksandar Tirnanić 1929–19405012
24 Vladimir Durković 1959–1966500
25 Milutin Šoškić 1959–1966500
26 Branko Oblak 1970–1977508

Head-to-head record

  Positive Record  Neutral Record  Negative Record

Head coaches

See also

Related articles
Successor teams

Notes

  1. First international as SFRY: Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 0–2 Yugoslavia Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg (Prague, Czechoslovakia; 9 May 1945)
  2. 1 2
  3. Yugoslavia earned 4th place below the loser of the other semi-final, the United States, because of a lower goal differential (0 to the United States' +1). No third place match was played.
  4. Draw for 1994 FIFA World Cup qualifiers was made on December 8, 1991, however due to break-up of SFR Yugoslavia and consequent military conflict, which broke in early 1991, FSJ ceased to exist as football organization of the SFR Yugoslavia. Organization that remained based in Belgrade, Serbia, was excluded from taking part as FSJ or its successor due to UN sanctions. [15]

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References

  1. A farewell to Yugoslavia openDemocracy.net. Dejan Djokic; 10 April 2002
  2. "Jugoslavija – Venecuela 10-0". Reprezentacija.rs (in Serbo-Croatian). 14 October 2009. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  3. "1974 FIFA World Cup Germany ™ - Matches - Yugoslavia-Zaire". FIFA.com. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  4. History at FSS official website, Retrieved 4 October 2012 (in Serbian)
  5. Serbia at FIFA official website
  6. News: Serbia at UEFA official website, published 1 January 2011, Retrieved 4 October 2012
  7. History at Football Association of Serbia official website, Retrieved May 17, 2913 (in Serbian)
  8. "90: 'The team was far better than the country' - The lost brilliance of Yugoslavia". 4 June 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  9. "Yugoslavia and the breakup of its soccer team" . Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  10. Merrill, Austin. "The Splintering of Yugoslavia and Its Soccer Team". The Hive. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  11. "Kako je plavi dres - pocrveneo". 9 April 2012.
  12. "Kako je plavi dres pocrveneo" . Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  13. "1930 FIFA World Cup Uruguay 1930". FIFA.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  14. "History of the FIFA World Cup Preliminary Competition (by year)" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  15. Suspended because of United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 during Yugoslav wars. Yugoslavia was replaced by Denmark, who went on to win the tournament.

Bibliography

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Yugoslavia national association football team at Wikimedia Commons