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|Football in Yugoslavia|
|Governing body||Football Association of Yugoslavia|
|National team(s)||Yugoslavia national football team|
Football in Yugoslavia had different levels of historical development depending on the geographical regions.Following the extreme popularity of the sport in Central Europe, it soon became the most popular sport in the territories of Yugoslavia as well.
Football came to the region in the time of Austria-Hungary in the late 19th century, mostly with influences from Vienna, Budapest and Prague, but also England, and the region's first football match was played in Rijeka in 1873, between English and local railway engineers. Before the end of the century occasional matches were also played in Županja, Zadar, Zrenjanin, Subotica, Maribor, Zagreb and Belgrade. Football was first introduced in several multi-sport gymnastic societies, and the first club was established in Belgrade in 1899. In 1901, Bačka, the oldest still-existing football club in Yugoslavia, was founded in Subotica, where the first league competition started in 1908. Before World War I, organized competitions were also played in the territories of today's Croatia and Slovenia. On 13 June 1912, the football section of the Croatian Sports Federation was established as a forerunner of the Yugoslav Football Federation.
After World War I, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, later renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929, was formed, and territories with mixed sports development were united. The Yugoslav Football Federation was formed in Zagreb in 1919, while the first sub-associations were formed in Belgrade, Ljubljana, Split, Subotica and Sarajevo in 1920. The Yugoslav Football Championship was played beginning in 1923, when Građanski Zagreb became first champions. The first four seasons had a cup tournament format, while the first round-robin league competition was held in 1927. In the period from 1923 to 1940, seventeen seasons were completed, with all the titles won by clubs from Croatia (Građanski Zagreb, Concordia Zagreb, HAŠK Zagreb and Hajduk Split) or Serbia (BSK Belgrade and Jugoslavija Belgrade). The Yugoslavia national football team was formed in 1920, when it participated at the Summer Olympics in Belgium. It soon became a force in European football and finished third in the 1930 World Cup in Uruguay.
The monarchy was replaced by a socialist country after the Second World War. Many new clubs were formed and a new federal league was established to replace the old championship. The first season was played in 1946/47, and Partizan became the first postwar champions. The Yugoslav league soon became the most popular sport league in the country with average attendances usually over 10,000 spectators. The most successful clubs were known as the big four, Dinamo Zagreb, Hajduk Split, Red Star Belgrade, and Partizan Belgrade. Red Star won a record 19 championships and the European Cup in 1991; Partizan were runners-up of the same competition in 1966, while Dinamo won the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup in 1967.Other notable Yugoslav clubs were Olimpija Ljubljana, Željezničar Sarajevo, Velež Mostar, OFK Beograd, Vardar Skopje, Vojvodina, Rijeka and Sarajevo. Apart from the league, the Yugoslav Cup was also very popular, with the winner getting the Marshal Tito Trophy. The finals were first played on Republic Day (29 November), but the competition was then altered to correspond to the league season. The most successful team was Red Star with 12 titles. The Yugoslavia national football team continued with good results on the international scene, being participants in many European Championships and World Cups.
Stjepan Bobek scored the most goals for the national team, while Dragan Džajić earned the most caps. The national team's best results were reaching the semi-finals in the 1962 World Cup and the finals in UEFA Euro 1960 and UEFA Euro 1968. Yugoslavia also hosted the UEFA Euro 1976 in the cities of Belgrade and Zagreb.
In 1992, all the competitions were dissolved or altered following the break-up of Yugoslavia and the consequent creation of independent states.
|1||Stadion Crvena Zvezda||105,000||1963||Beograd||FK Crvena Zvezda|
|2||Stadion Maksimir||65,000||1912||Zagreb||NK Dinamo Zagreb|
|3||Stadion JNA||55,000||1949||Beograd||FK Partizan|
|3||Stadion Poljud||55,000||1979||Split||NK Hajduk Split|
|3||Stadion Koševo||55,000||1947||Sarajevo||FK Sarajevo|
|6||Stadion Karađorđev park||33,000||1953||Zrenjanin||FK Proleter Zrenjanin|
|7||Gradski stadion Banja Luka||30,000||1937||Banja Luka||FK Borac Banja Luka|
|7||Stadion Gradski vrt||30,000||1958||Osijek||NK Osijek|
|7||Stadion Grbavica||30,000||1953||Sarajevo||FK Željezničar Sarajevo|
|10||Gradski stadion Subotica||28,000||1936||Subotica||FK Spartak Subotica|
|11||Omladinski stadion||26,000||1957||Beograd||OFK Beograd|
|12||Gradski stadion Priština||25,000||1953||Priština||FK Priština|
|13||Stadion Čair||25,000||1963||Niš||FK Radnički Niš|
|14||Stadion Mladost||25,000||1976||Kruševac||FK Napredak Kruševac|
|15||Stadion Šumarice||24,000||1957||Kragujevac||FK Radnički Kragujevac|
|16||Stadion Bilino Polje||23,000||1972||Zenica||NK Čelik|
|17||Stadion Gradski park||23,000||1947||Skopje||FK Vardar|
|18||Gradski stadion Novi Sad||22,000||1924||Novi Sad||FK Vojvodina|
|19||Stadion Bijeli Brijeg||22,000||1971||Mostar||FK Velež|
|20||Stadion Kantrida||22,000||1912||Rijeka||NK Rijeka|
|21||Stadion Bežigrad||20,000||1935||Ljubljana||NK Olimpija Ljubljana|
|22||Stadion Pod Goricom||20,000||1945||Titograd||FK Budućnost Podgorica|
|23||Stadion Ljudski vrt||20,000||1952||Maribor||NK Maribor|
|24||Stadion Jaklić||20,000||1984||Bugojno||NK Iskra Bugojno|
|25||Stadion Mladost||18,000||1966||Vinkovci||NK Dinamo Vinkovci|
|26||Stadion kraj Bistrice||15,000||1946||Nikšić||FK Sutjeska Nikšić|
|27||Stadion kraj Ibra||15,000||1979||Titova Mitrovica||FK Trepča|
|28||Stadion Kranjčevićeva||15,000||1921||Zagreb||NK Zagreb|
|29||Gradski stadion Tetovo||15,000||1981||Tetovo||FK Teteks|
|30||Stadion Tušanj||14,000||1957||Tuzla||FK Sloboda Tuzla|
|31||Stadion Banjica||13,000||1977||Beograd||FK Rad|
For the correspondent article on each one of the republics, please see:
The Yugoslav First Federal Football League, was the premier football league in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1941) and Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1945–1992).
Hrvatski nogometni klub Hajduk Split, commonly referred to as Hajduk Split or simply Hajduk, is a professional Croatian football club founded in 1911, and based in the city of Split. Since 1979, the club's home ground has been the 34,198-seat Stadion Poljud. The team's traditional home colours are white shirts with blue shorts and blue socks.
The Croatian Football Federation is the governing body of association football in Croatia. It was originally formed in 1912 and is based in the capital city of Zagreb. The organisation is a member of both FIFA and UEFA, and is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the game of football in Croatia. Its current president is Davor Šuker.
The Yugoslav Cup, officially known between 1923 and 1940 as the King Alexander Cup (Serbo-Croatian: Kup kralja Aleksandra, Куп краља Александра, and between 1947 and 1991 as the Marshal Tito Cup, was one of two major football competitions in Yugoslavia, the other one being the Yugoslav League Championship. The Yugoslav Cup took place after the league championships when every competitive league in Yugoslavia had finished, in order to determine which teams are ranked as their corresponding seeds. The Marshal Tito Cup trophy was based on a design by Branko Šotra.
The 1923 National Championship held in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was the first nationwide domestic football competition. At this point there was no league championship in the modern sense as the competition was held in a single-legged cup format, with participating clubs qualifying via regional playoffs organised by the existing 6 regional football subfederations.
The 1924 National Championship held in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was the second nationwide domestic football competition. At this point there was no league championship in the modern sense as the competition was held in a single-legged cup format, with participating clubs qualifying via regional playoffs organised by regional football subfederations.
The 1925 National Championship was a football competition in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. It was the second straight year that the club from Belgrade, Jugoslavija, has taken the championships.
The 1926 National Championship was a football competition held within the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. The two dominant teams of pre-World War II Yugoslav football, Jugoslavija and Građanski, began laying the foundations of the next seven decades of a deeply rooted rivalry between Zagreb and Belgrade. Both teams dominated the competition with comfortable margins, but were quite evenly matched in the finals.
The 1927 National Championship was the first year in which the championship was played in a league system, with Hajduk Split being the first national league champion. Newcomer BSK Beograd replaced Jugoslavija Beograd as Serbia's top-performing club, this was due to half of the Jugoslavija players switching clubs to play for BSK. Hajduk and second-place club BSK entered the 1927 Mitropa Cup.
The 1935–36 Yugoslav Football Championship was the 13th season of Kingdom of Yugoslavia's premier football competition.
The 1946–47 Yugoslav First League season was the first season of the First Federal League, the top level association football competition of SFR Yugoslavia, which ended the six-year period in which national football competitions were suspended due to World War II. It was also the first season in which the Football Association of Yugoslavia (FSJ) introduced the modern league system which included promotion and relegation between tiers of the football pyramid, as pre-war national championships held between 1927 and 1940 during Kingdom of Yugoslavia employed either a play-off tournament or a mini league format contested by regional champions.
HŠK Građanski, also known as 1. HŠK Građanski or fully Prvi hrvatski građanski športski klub, was a Croatian football club established in Zagreb in 1911 and dissolved in 1945. The club had a huge influence on the development of football in Croatia and Kingdom of Yugoslavia and achieved its greatest success in the period between the two World Wars.
Football in Croatia, called nogomet, is the most popular sport in the country and is led by the Croatian Football Federation. It is played in four official components; the domestic league consists of three hierarchical echelons, and a single national team represents the entire state.
Franjo Glaser was a Croatian football goalkeeper and football manager. He is the only Yugoslav footballer who won national titles before and after the Second World War, with three clubs BSK Belgrade, Građanski Zagreb and FK Partizan.
The First League of Yugoslavia's 1991/1992 season was the 64th edition of the Yugoslav First League, the premier football club competition of SFR Yugoslavia. It was the last edition in which professional football teams from SR Bosnia and Herzegovina and SR Macedonia participated, as well as the last of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in general as the First League of FR Yugoslavia was established the following season. Red Star Belgrade won the competition.
Football is the most popular sport in Serbia. The Football Association of Serbia (FSS) is the national governing body and is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the game of football in the country, both professional and amateur. The association organizes the professional Serbian Superliga and is responsible for appointing the management of the men's, women's and youth national football teams in Serbia. The association also organizes the Serbian First League (second) and Serbian League (third), operating the top 3 leagues.
The 1928 National Championship proclaimed Gradanski Zagreb once again as the reigning champions, with Hajduk and BSK following closely behind.
Građanski nogometni klub Dinamo Zagreb, commonly referred to as GNK Dinamo Zagreb or simply Dinamo Zagreb, is a Croatian professional football club based in Zagreb. The club is the successor of 1. HŠK Građanski or fully Prvi hrvatski građanski športski klub, club founded in 1911, banned in 1945 and replaced by newly established Dinamo Zagreb. They play their home matches at Stadion Maksimir. They are the most successful club in Croatian football, having won twenty-one Croatian Football League titles, fifteen Croatian Football Cups and six Croatian Football Super Cups. The club has spent its entire existence in top flight, having been members of the Yugoslav First League from 1946 to 1991, and then the Croatian First League since its foundation in 1992.