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|Football in Portugal|
|National team(s)||Men's national team|
Association football (Portuguese : futebol), the most popular sport in Portugal, has a long and storied history in the country, following its 1875 introduction in cities such as Funchal, Lisbon, Porto and Coimbra by English merchants and Portuguese students arriving back home from studying in England. This led to the establishment of local clubs dedicated to the practice of the sport.
Initially, football was played between neighbour clubs, but soon enough citywide and regional tournaments started to take place around the nation. Soon after the start of the 20th century, the need to establish which club was the best in Portugal culminated with the organizing of the "Campeonato de Portugal" (now known as "Taça de Portugal"), with subsequent bragging rights going mostly to clubs from Lisbon and Porto.
Portugal's top domestic league, the Primeira Liga, was founded in 1934 and is home to internationally successful clubs such as S.L. Benfica, FC Porto and Sporting CP – the "Big Three", who usually dominate the league. With a combined eleven trophies won to date, the measure of success by Portuguese clubs in international competition is as follows: four European Cup/UEFA Champions League, two UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League, one European Cup Winners' Cup, one UEFA Intertoto Cup, one UEFA Super Cup and two Intercontinental Cup/Toyota Cup.
Football has been the most popular sport in Portugal for many decades. As an example, in the 2011–12 Primeira Liga season, Benfica had an average attendance of 38,029, Porto 34,843, and Sporting 30,638, with the season overall having an average and total attendances of 10,958 and 2,629,950 respectively.
Despite the production of footballers such as Eusébio, Luís Figo and Cristiano Ronaldo (Ballon d'Or winners), the Portugal national team have been, for the most part, underachievers at international level when compared to their youth squads, who have won just about every European and world title available. In FIFA World Cup, Portugal's best finishes were third in 1966 and fourth in 2006. More recently, Portugal won their first major title, the UEFA Euro 2016, over hosts France. Until then, Portugal had been runners-up to Greece as hosts in 2004, and semifinalists in 1984, 2000 and 2012. In 2019, Portugal won the first edition of the UEFA Nations League over Netherlands national football team.
Football started to gain popularity in Portugal in the late 19th century, brought by Portuguese students who returned from England.
The first organized game in the country took place in 1875 in Camacha, Madeira, organized by Madeira-born Harry Hinton, who brought a football from England where he was studying. Popularity quickly spread across the island. Harry would go on to become honorary president of C.S. Marítimo.
The person responsible for its spread in mainland Portugal was Guilherme Pinto Basto (according to some people, his brothers Eduardo and Frederico brought the ball from England). He organized an exhibition in October 1888 and a match in January 1889. The match, played where today's Campo Pequeno bullring is located, involved opposing teams from Portugal and England. Portugal won the match 2–1. Consequently, football started attracting the attention of high society, distinguished by the Luso-British rivalry.
The game reached colleges and led to clubs across the country. By century's end, associations such as Clube Lisbonense, Carcavelos Sport Club, Braço de Prata, Real Ginásio Clube Português, Estrela Futebol Clube, Futebol Académico, Campo de Ourique, Oporto Cricket, and Sport Clube Vianense had been founded.
The first domestic match, between Lisbon and Porto, took place in 1894, attended by King Carlos.
Clube Internacional de Futebol (founded in 1902) was the first Portuguese club to play abroad, defeating Madrid Fútbol Clube in 1907 in Madrid.
On 31 March 1914, the three regional associations that existed in Portugal (Lisbon, Portalegre and Porto) merged to create a national association called a União Portuguesa de Futebol, the predecessor of the current national association, the Portuguese Football Federation, which was formed on 28 May 1926.
The Portuguese were one of the first Europeans to explore Africa. They have influenced a lot of their former colonies, notably in the realm of football. This was mostly due to the concept of Lusotropicalism, which became popularized during the tenure of António Salazar. The Portuguese enthusiasm for football led to the spread of the sport into its former overseas colonies of Angola, Mozambique, Guiné-Bissau, Cape Verde, S. Tomé and Principe, Goa, Macau and East-Timor. Eventually Portugal would attempt to integrate their colonies, which would lead to them having many African players in the teams in the mainland. Introduced in the colonies in as early as the 19th century, football became increasingly. By the 1950s many Africans would support football teams in the mainland. The popularity of the game in the colonies also meant that there were many people who wanted to play it professionally. Many top players from the former colonies have represented Portugal at international level, as well as playing for many clubs in the various tiers of the national and international leagues, most notably in the past the likes of Fernando Peyroteo, Matateu, Hilário, Costa Pereira, Coluna, Eusébio and Abel Xavier.
The main domestic football competition is the Primeira Liga. The dominant teams are S.L. Benfica, FC Porto and Sporting CP.
One of the oldest clubs still in existence is Académica de Coimbra, which was founded in 1876. Other historical and notable clubs are F.C. Porto, after an unsuccessful attempt in 1893 (the current foundation date), reappeared in 1906. Boavista F.C. was founded in 1903. S.L. Benfica was born as the result of the fusion in 1908 between Sport Lisboa, founded in 1904, and Grupo Sport Benfica, founded in 1906; the club maintained the foundation date of Sport Lisboa. Sporting CP was founded in 1906. Leixões S.C. founded in 1907, Vitória F.C. of Setúbal plus C.S. Marítimo and C.D. Nacional both of Madeira all founded in 1910, S.C. Olhanense in 1912, S.C. Espinho, Portimonense S.C. and Académico de Viseu F.C. all founded in 1914, C.F. Os Belenenses was founded in 1919. The success of these earlier clubs inspired the rapid spread of football to all corners of Portugal. After the end of World War I, the sprouting of football clubs all over the country gained momentum and in the 1920s S.C. Braga, Guimarães, Gil Vicente and S.C. Beira Mar among many others where founded, further asserting the popularity of the sport wherever it was played with stadiums filled to maximum capacity. By then, the local talent wanting to always better the opposition, further improved the quality of the players training and tactical strategy awareness by investing and importing top foreign coaching and managerial staff from abroad, resulting in the refinement and improvement of the local game quality being able to stand up to top international levels. Some early clubs from the late 1800s and early 1900s, like Carcavelinhos, for example, did not survive and either merged with other clubs or become extinct altogether.
At European level, before the advent of UEFA sanctioned competitions, such as the European Cup, the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup and the European Cup Winners' Cup/UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, which became regular scheduled competitions, Benfica won the now defunct Latin Cup, a competition organized annually by the football associations of France, Italy, Portugal, and Spain, from the late 1940s to the mid 1950s, involving those nations' top teams.
|Conventional name||UEFA short name||Official name||Location|
|Arouca||F.C. Arouca||Futebol Clube de Arouca||Arouca|
|Belenenses SAD||Belenenses SAD||Belenenses Sociedade Anónima Desportiva||Oeiras|
|Benfica||S.L. Benfica||Sport Lisboa e Benfica||Lisbon|
|Boavista||Boavista F.C.||Boavista Futebol Clube||Porto|
|Braga/Sporting de Braga||S.C. Braga||Sporting Clube de Braga||Braga|
|Estoril||G.D. Estoril Praia||Grupo Desportivo Estoril Praia||Estoril|
|Famalicão||F.C. Famalicão||Futebol Clube de Famalicão||Vila Nova de Famalicão|
|Gil Vicente||Gil Vicente F.C.||Gil Vicente Futebol Clube||Barcelos|
|Marítimo||C.S. Marítimo||Club Sport Marítimo|| Funchal,|
|Moreirense||Moreirense FC||Moreirense Futebol Clube||Moreira de Cónegos|
|Paços de Ferreira||F.C. Paços de Ferreira||Futebol Clube Paços de Ferreira||Paços de Ferreira|
|Portimonense||Portimonense S.C.||Portimonense Sporting Clube||Portimão|
|Porto||FC Porto||Futebol Clube do Porto||Porto|
|Santa Clara||C.D. Santa Clara||Clube Desportivo Santa Clara||Ponta Delgada|
Clube de Portugal
|Sporting Clube de Portugal||Lisbon|
|Tondela||C.D. Tondela||Clube Desportivo de Tondela||Tondela|
|Vitória de Guimarães/Guimarães||Vitória S.C.||Vitória Sport Clube||Guimarães|
|Vizela||F.C. Vizela||Futebol Clube de Vizela||Vizela|
Below is listed every team to have won any of the major domestic competitions (organized by LPFP and FPF) and international trophies (organized by UEFA and FIFA).
Bold denotes club with the most number of trophies in specified category.
|Club||Domestic||Europe||Defunct||Total||Most recent trophy|
|League||Cup||League Cup||Super Cup||Champions League||Europa League||Super Cup||Championship||CWC||Intertoto Cup||Intercontinental|
|Benfica||37||26||7||8||2||3||83||2019 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira|
|Porto||29||17||22||2||2||1||4||2||79||2020 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira|
|Sporting CP||19||17||3||9||4||1||53||2021 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira|
|Boavista||1||5||3||9||2000–01 Primeira Liga|
|Belenenses||1||3||3||7||1988–89 Taça de Portugal|
|Braga||3||2||1||6||2020–21 Taça de Portugal|
|Vitória de Setúbal||3||1||4||2007–08 Taça da Liga|
|Académica||2||2||2011–12 Taça de Portugal|
|Vitória de Guimarães||1||1||2||2012–13 Taça de Portugal|
|Leixões||1||1||1960–61 Taça de Portugal|
|Estrela da Amadora||1||1||1989–90 Taça de Portugal|
|Beira-Mar||1||1||1998–99 Taça de Portugal|
|Aves||1||1||2017–18 Taça de Portugal|
|Moreirense||1||1||2016–17 Taça da Liga|
|Olhanense||1||1||1923–24 Campeonato de Portugal|
|Marítimo||1||1||1925–26 Campeonato de Portugal|
|Carcavelinhos||1||1||1927–28 Campeonato de Portugal|
On 26 May 2010, Portugal attained the third place in the FIFA World Ranking, their highest ever. They repeated this feat in 2012, 2014, 2017 and 2018. Their lowest rank was 43rd overall in 1998. In recent years, Portugal has consistently maintained a top 10 and, sometimes, a top 5 FIFA world rank position.
In 2004 Portugal hosted UEFA Euro and reached its final but were beaten by Greece 1–0. In worldwide terms, Portugal have reached the semi-finals of the FIFA World Cup twice: in the 1966 edition, where Eusébio was the top scorer with nine goals, and in the 2006 edition, where the team led by captain Luís Figo marked the World Cup debut of Cristiano Ronaldo.
Following the retirement of all players from its "golden generation", Portugal, led by manager Fernando Santos, won Euro 2016, defeating hosts France 1–0 in the final.In 2019, Portugal won the 2018–19 UEFA Nations League by defeating Netherlands 1–0 in the final.
Portugal also participates to the Lusophony Games and takes part in its football tournaments. In 2014, Portugal was one of the eight nations to take part in the first Unity World Cup.
Futebol Clube do Porto, MHIH, OM, commonly known as FC Porto or simply Porto, is a Portuguese professional sports club based in Porto. It is best known for the professional football team playing in the Primeira Liga, the top flight of Portuguese football. Founded on 28 September 1893, Porto is one of the "Big Three" teams in Portugal – together with Lisbon-based rivals Benfica and Sporting CP, that have appeared in every season of the Primeira Liga since its establishment in 1934. They are nicknamed Dragões (Dragons), for the mythical creature atop the club's crest, and Azuis e brancos (Blue-and-whites), for the shirt colours. The club supporters are called Portistas. Since 2003, Porto have played their home matches at the Estádio do Dragão, which replaced the previous 51-year-old ground, the Estádio das Antas.
Sport Lisboa e Benfica, commonly known as Benfica, is a professional football club based in Lisbon, Portugal, that competes in the Primeira Liga, the top flight of Portuguese football.
Rui Manuel César CostaOIH is a Portuguese former professional footballer who currently is interim president of S.L. Benfica and its SAD, replacing Luís Filipe Vieira.
Sporting Clube de PortugalComC MHIH OM, otherwise known simply as Sporting, as Sporting CP, or often as Sporting Lisbon abroad, is a club based in Lisbon.
Boavista Futebol Clube, commonly known as Boavista is a Portuguese sports club from the city of Porto. Founded on 1 August 1903 by British entrepreneurs and Portuguese textile workers, it is one of the oldest clubs in the country and plays in the Primeira Liga, Portuguese football's top flight.
União Desportiva de Leiria, commonly known as União de Leiria, is a Portuguese football club based in Leiria, central Portugal. Founded on 6 June 1966, it currently plays in the Campeonato de Portugal, holding home matches at Estádio Dr. Magalhães Pessoa, with a 24,000-seat capacity.
Sport Clube Beira-Mar is a Portuguese sports club based in Aveiro, Portugal. Its football team currently plays in the Campeonato de Portugal, the third national level, having gained promotion by winning the Aveiro FA First Division 2018/19 championship season. The old Estádio Mário Duarte was the home ground from 1935 until 2019. From 2020, SC Beira-Mar plays home matches at Estádio Municipal de Aveiro. The club also has futsal, basketball, boxing, judo, handball, billiards, athletics, and paintball departments.
Clube de Futebol Os Belenenses, commonly known as Belenenses, is a Portuguese sports club best known for its football team. Founded in 1919, it is one of the oldest Portuguese sports clubs. It is based in the 25,000-seat Estádio do Restelo in the Belém parish of Lisbon, hence the club name, which translates as "The ones from Belém". Among its fanbase, the club is commonly nicknamed O Belém, in reference to the neighborhood; Os Pastéis, in reference to a traditional Portuguese pastry originated in the parish; Azuis (Blues) or Azuis do Restelo, in reference to the club's color and its home stadium; and A Cruz de Cristo, for its emblem, or also "Os Rapazes da Praia", a reference to the zone of Belém in the earlier 20 Century.
Futebol Clube Paços de Ferreira is a Portuguese football club based in Paços de Ferreira, Porto district. Founded in 1950, they currently play in the Primeira Liga, holding home games at the 9,077-seat capacity Estádio da Mata Real, where the team has been based since 1973. The club's colours are yellow and green.
Artur Jorge Braga Melo Teixeira, commonly known as Artur Jorge, is a Portuguese football manager and former player, who played as a forward.
Fábio Alexandre da Silva Coentrão is a Portuguese footballer who plays for Rio Ave. Mainly a left-back, he also operates as a winger and occasionally as a defensive midfielder.
Eusébio da Silva FerreiraGCIH GCM was a Mozambican-born Portuguese footballer who played as a striker. He is considered one of the greatest footballers of all time and S.L. Benfica's greatest ever player. During his professional career, he scored 733 goals in 745 matches. Nicknamed the Black Panther, the Black Pearl, or o Rei, he was famous for his speed, technique, athleticism and his ferocious right-footed shot, making him a prolific goalscorer.
Lusitano Ginásio Clube, MHC, also commonly known as Lusitano de Évora, is a Portuguese sports club based in Évora competing in Serie D of Campeonato de Portugal, third tier of Portuguese football. Founded 11 November 1911 by a group of high school and commercial school youngsters in the house of professor Dâmaso Simões at Rua das Fontes, No. 3 in Évora as Lusitano Académico, it subsequently became Lusitano Futebol and finally Lusitano Ginásio Clube in 1925. The club's home ground is the Campo Estrela in Évora, purchased in 1931.
The Taça de Portugal is an annual association football competition and the premier knockout tournament in Portuguese football. For sponsorship reasons, it has been known as Taça de Portugal Placard as of the 2015–16 season. Organised by the Portuguese Football Federation since it was first held in 1938, the competition is open to professional and amateur clubs from the top-four league divisions. Matches are played from August–September to May–June, and the final is traditionally held at the Estádio Nacional in Oeiras, near Lisbon. The winners qualify for the Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira and the UEFA Europa League.
The sport of football in the country of Mozambique is run by the Mozambican Football Federation. The association administers the national football team, as well as the national league. Football is the most popular sport in the country.
The 1938/39 Taça de Portugal was the 1st season of the Taça de Portugal, the premier Portuguese football knockout competition, organized by the Portuguese Football Federation (FPF). The final was played on 26 June 1939 between Académica de Coimbra and Sport Lisboa e Benfica.
The 1939–40 Taça de Portugal was the 2nd season of the Taça de Portugal, the premier Portuguese football knockout competition, organized by the Portuguese Football Federation (FPF). Académica de Coimbra was the defending champion but lost in the first round to Boavista. The final was played on 7 July 1940 between S.L. Benfica and Belenenses.
The 1940–41 Taça de Portugal was the 3rd season of the Taça de Portugal, the premier Portuguese football knockout competition, organized by the Portuguese Football Federation (FPF). Benfica was the defending champion but lost in the semi-finals to Belenenses. The final was played on 22 June 1941 between Sporting Clube de Portugal and Clube de Futebol Os Belenenses.
The 1941–42 Taça de Portugal was the 4th season of the Taça de Portugal, the premier Portuguese football knockout competition, organized by the Portuguese Football Federation (FPF). Sporting Clube de Portugal was the defending champion but lost in the semi-finals to Vitória Sport Clube. The final was played on 12 June 1942 between Clube de Futebol Os Belenenses and Vitória Sport Clube.
The 1942–43 Taça de Portugal was the 5th season of the Taça de Portugal, the premier Portuguese football knockout competition, organized by the Portuguese Football Federation (FPF). Clube de Futebol Os Belenenses was the defending champion but lost in the quarter-finals to Sporting Clube de Portugal. The final was played on 20 June 1943 between Benfica and Vitória de Setúbal.