Football in Portugal

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Football in Portugal
Benfica Campeao 2005 2.jpg
Football fans at the Estádio da Luz
CountryPortugal
Governing body FPF
National team(s) Men's national team
First played1875
National competitions
Club competitions
International competitions

Association football (Portuguese : futebol), the most popular sport in Portugal, has a long and storied history in the country, following its 1875 introduction in cities such as Funchal, Lisbon, Porto and Coimbra by English merchants and Portuguese students arriving back home from studying in England. This led to the establishment of local clubs dedicated to the practice of the sport.

Contents

Initially, football was played between neighbour clubs, but soon enough citywide and regional tournaments started to take place around the nation. Soon after the start of the 20th century, the need to establish which club was the best in Portugal culminated with the organizing of the "Campeonato de Portugal" (now known as "Taça de Portugal"), with subsequent bragging rights going mostly to clubs from Lisbon and Porto.

Portugal's top domestic league, the Primeira Liga, was founded in 1934 and is home to internationally successful clubs such as S.L. Benfica, FC Porto and Sporting CP – the "Big Three", who usually dominate the league. With a combined eleven trophies won to date, the measure of success by Portuguese clubs in international competition is as follows: four European Cup/UEFA Champions League, two UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League, one European Cup Winners' Cup, one UEFA Intertoto Cup, one UEFA Super Cup and two Intercontinental Cup/Toyota Cup.

Football has been the most popular sport in Portugal for many decades. As an example, in the 2011–12 Primeira Liga season, Benfica had an average attendance of 38,029, Porto 34,843, and Sporting 30,638, with the season overall having an average and total attendances of 10,958 and 2,629,950 respectively.

Despite the production of footballers such as Eusébio, Luís Figo and Cristiano Ronaldo (Ballon d'Or winners), the Portugal national team have been, for the most part, underachievers at international level when compared to their youth squads, who have won just about every European and world title available. In FIFA World Cup, Portugal's best finishes were third in 1966 and fourth in 2006. More recently, Portugal won their first major title, the UEFA Euro 2016, over hosts France. Until then, Portugal had been runners-up to Greece as hosts in 2004, and semifinalists in 1984, 2000 and 2012. In 2019, Portugal won the first edition of the UEFA Nations League over Netherlands national football team.

History

Monument in Camacha, celebrating the first ever organised football game in Portugal Fotbal-1875.JPG
Monument in Camacha, celebrating the first ever organised football game in Portugal

Football started to gain popularity in Portugal in the late 19th century, brought by Portuguese students who returned from England. [1]

The first organized game in the country took place in 1875 in Camacha, Madeira, organized by Madeira-born Harry Hinton, who brought a football from England where he was studying. Popularity quickly spread across the island. Harry would go on to become honorary president of C.S. Marítimo. [2] [3]

The person responsible for its spread in mainland Portugal was Guilherme Pinto Basto (according to some people, his brothers Eduardo and Frederico brought the ball from England). He organized an exhibition in October 1888 and a match in January 1889. The match, played where today's Campo Pequeno bullring is located, involved opposing teams from Portugal and England. Portugal won the match 2–1. Consequently, football started attracting the attention of high society, distinguished by the Luso-British rivalry.

A memorial to the first football match played on mainland Portugal in Cascais in October 1888 CascaisFootballMatchPlaque.jpg
A memorial to the first football match played on mainland Portugal in Cascais in October 1888

The game reached colleges and led to clubs across the country. By century's end, associations such as Clube Lisbonense, Carcavelos Sport Club, Braço de Prata, Real Ginásio Clube Português, Estrela Futebol Clube, Futebol Académico, Campo de Ourique, Oporto Cricket, and Sport Clube Vianense had been founded.

The first domestic match, between Lisbon and Porto, took place in 1894, attended by King Carlos.

Clube Internacional de Futebol (founded in 1902) was the first Portuguese club to play abroad, defeating Madrid Fútbol Clube in 1907 in Madrid.

On 31 March 1914, the three regional associations that existed in Portugal (Lisbon, Portalegre and Porto) merged to create a national association called a União Portuguesa de Futebol, the predecessor of the current national association, the Portuguese Football Federation, which was formed on 28 May 1926.

The Portuguese were one of the first Europeans to explore Africa. They have influenced a lot of their former colonies, notably in the realm of football. This was mostly due to the concept of Lusotropicalism, which became popularized during the tenure of António Salazar. The Portuguese enthusiasm for football led to the spread of the sport into its former overseas colonies of Angola, Mozambique, Guiné-Bissau, Cape Verde, S. Tomé and Principe, Goa, Macau and East-Timor. Eventually Portugal would attempt to integrate their colonies, which would lead to them having many African players in the teams in the mainland. Introduced in the colonies in as early as the 19th century, football became increasingly. By the 1950s many Africans would support football teams in the mainland. The popularity of the game in the colonies also meant that there were many people who wanted to play it professionally. Many top players from the former colonies have represented Portugal at international level, as well as playing for many clubs in the various tiers of the national and international leagues, most notably in the past the likes of Fernando Peyroteo, Matateu, Hilário, Costa Pereira, Coluna, Eusébio and Abel Xavier. [4]

Club football

The main domestic football competition is the Primeira Liga. The dominant teams are S.L. Benfica, FC Porto and Sporting CP.

One of the oldest clubs still in existence is Académica de Coimbra, which was founded in 1876. Other historical and notable clubs are F.C. Porto, after an unsuccessful attempt in 1893 (the current foundation date), reappeared in 1906. Boavista F.C. was founded in 1903. S.L. Benfica was born as the result of the fusion in 1908 between Sport Lisboa, founded in 1904, and Grupo Sport Benfica, founded in 1906; the club maintained the foundation date of Sport Lisboa. Sporting CP was founded in 1906. Leixões S.C. founded in 1907, Vitória F.C. of Setúbal plus C.S. Marítimo and C.D. Nacional both of Madeira all founded in 1910, S.C. Olhanense in 1912, S.C. Espinho, Portimonense S.C. and Académico de Viseu F.C. all founded in 1914, C.F. Os Belenenses was founded in 1919. The success of these earlier clubs inspired the rapid spread of football to all corners of Portugal. After the end of World War I, the sprouting of football clubs all over the country gained momentum and in the 1920s S.C. Braga, Guimarães, Gil Vicente and S.C. Beira Mar among many others where founded, further asserting the popularity of the sport wherever it was played with stadiums filled to maximum capacity. By then, the local talent wanting to always better the opposition, further improved the quality of the players training and tactical strategy awareness by investing and importing top foreign coaching and managerial staff from abroad, resulting in the refinement and improvement of the local game quality being able to stand up to top international levels. Some early clubs from the late 1800s and early 1900s, like Carcavelinhos, for example, did not survive and either merged with other clubs or become extinct altogether.

At European level, before the advent of UEFA sanctioned competitions, such as the European Cup, the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup and the European Cup Winners' Cup/UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, which became regular scheduled competitions, Benfica won the now defunct Latin Cup, a competition organized annually by the football associations of France, Italy, Portugal, and Spain, from the late 1940s to the mid 1950s, involving those nations' top teams.

List of teams (2021–22 season)

Conventional nameUEFA short nameOfficial nameLocation
Arouca F.C. AroucaFutebol Clube de Arouca Arouca
Belenenses SAD Belenenses SADBelenenses Sociedade Anónima Desportiva Oeiras
Benfica S.L. BenficaSport Lisboa e Benfica Lisbon
Boavista Boavista F.C.Boavista Futebol Clube Porto
Braga/Sporting de Braga S.C. BragaSporting Clube de Braga Braga
Estoril G.D. Estoril PraiaGrupo Desportivo Estoril Praia Estoril
Famalicão F.C. FamalicãoFutebol Clube de Famalicão Vila Nova de Famalicão
Gil Vicente Gil Vicente F.C.Gil Vicente Futebol Clube Barcelos
Marítimo C.S. MarítimoClub Sport Marítimo Funchal,
Madeira
Moreirense Moreirense FCMoreirense Futebol Clube Moreira de Cónegos
Paços de Ferreira F.C. Paços de FerreiraFutebol Clube Paços de Ferreira Paços de Ferreira
Portimonense Portimonense S.C.Portimonense Sporting Clube Portimão
Porto FC PortoFutebol Clube do Porto Porto
Santa Clara C.D. Santa ClaraClube Desportivo Santa Clara Ponta Delgada
Sporting CP/Sporting Sporting
Clube de Portugal
Sporting Clube de Portugal Lisbon
Tondela C.D. TondelaClube Desportivo de Tondela Tondela
Vitória de Guimarães/Guimarães Vitória S.C.Vitória Sport Clube Guimarães
Vizela F.C. VizelaFutebol Clube de Vizela Vizela

[5]

List of teams by major honours

Below is listed every team to have won any of the major domestic competitions (organized by LPFP and FPF) and international trophies (organized by UEFA and FIFA).

Bold denotes club with the most number of trophies in specified category.

ClubDomesticEuropeDefunctTotalMost recent trophy
League Cup League Cup Super Cup Champions League Europa League Super Cup Championship CWC Intertoto Cup Intercontinental
Benfica 3726782383 2019 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira
Porto 2917222214279 2020 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira
Sporting CP 1917394153 2021 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira
Boavista 1539 2000–01 Primeira Liga
Belenenses 1337 1988–89 Taça de Portugal
Braga 3216 2020–21 Taça de Portugal
Vitória de Setúbal 314 2007–08 Taça da Liga
Académica 22 2011–12 Taça de Portugal
Vitória de Guimarães 112 2012–13 Taça de Portugal
Leixões 11 1960–61 Taça de Portugal
Estrela da Amadora 11 1989–90 Taça de Portugal
Beira-Mar 11 1998–99 Taça de Portugal
Aves 11 2017–18 Taça de Portugal
Moreirense 11 2016–17 Taça da Liga
Olhanense 11 1923–24 Campeonato de Portugal
Marítimo 11 1925–26 Campeonato de Portugal
Carcavelinhos [lower-alpha 1] 11 1927–28 Campeonato de Portugal

National team

Portuguese football fans supporting the Portugal national team Portugiesische Fans bei der Euro 2004.jpg
Portuguese football fans supporting the Portugal national team

On 26 May 2010, Portugal attained the third place in the FIFA World Ranking, their highest ever. They repeated this feat in 2012, 2014, 2017 and 2018. Their lowest rank was 43rd overall in 1998. In recent years, Portugal has consistently maintained a top 10 and, sometimes, a top 5 FIFA world rank position.

In 2004 Portugal hosted UEFA Euro and reached its final but were beaten by Greece 1–0. In worldwide terms, Portugal have reached the semi-finals of the FIFA World Cup twice: in the 1966 edition, where Eusébio was the top scorer with nine goals, and in the 2006 edition, where the team led by captain Luís Figo marked the World Cup debut of Cristiano Ronaldo.

Following the retirement of all players from its "golden generation", Portugal, led by manager Fernando Santos, won Euro 2016, defeating hosts France 1–0 in the final. [6] In 2019, Portugal won the 2018–19 UEFA Nations League by defeating Netherlands 1–0 in the final.

Portugal also participates to the Lusophony Games and takes part in its football tournaments. In 2014, Portugal was one of the eight nations to take part in the first Unity World Cup.

Notes

  1. Carcavelinhos is an extinct club. It merged with União de Lisboa in 1942, resulting in Atlético de Portugal.

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References

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  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 January 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. "Camacha". Madeira-web.com. 17 December 2010. Archived from the original on 24 March 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  4. Cleveland, Todd (2017). Following the Ball : The Migration of African Soccer Players Across the Portuguese Colonial Empire, 1949–1975. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press. ISBN   978-0-89680-499-9.
  5. "Portugal 1-0 France (AET)". BBC. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2017.