Football in Kazakhstan

Last updated
Football in Kazakhstan
CountryKazakhstan
Governing body Football Federation of Kazakhstan
National team(s) men's national team
National competitions
Club competitions
International competitions

Football in Kazakhstan is governed by the national body the Football Federation of Kazakhstan. The FFK organises the men's, women's and futsal national teams. [1] Football is the most popular sport in the country, followed by ice hockey. [2] [3]

Contents

History

Pioneers of the Kazakh football FC Yarysh of Semipalatinsk, 1914. FC Yarysh in 1914.jpg
Pioneers of the Kazakh football FC Yarysh of Semipalatinsk, 1914.

Kazakh football first appeared in Semey before World War I, when British merchants brought the game to the area. Among the early players of the game was writer Mukhtar Auezov who turned out for the 'Yarysh' club, the biggest of the time . Teams soon followed in Pavlodar and Dzhambul, before the first official appearance of a Kazakh SSR representative team in 1928. By the 1930s Kazakh club sides were regularly participating in the lower ranks of Soviet football.

After World War II a regular league began in 1946 while a cup competition, previously held sporadically was instituted full-time in 1948. A permanent Kazakh SSR Football Federation was established in 1959. Leading club side FC Kairat Almaty went on to make history in 1960 by becoming the first Kazakh side to compete in the Soviet Top League and made further history in 1963 by reaching the semi-finals of the Soviet Cup, the best performance by a Kazakh team in the competition. They would go on to record Kazakhstan's first triumph in the Soviet First League in 1976.

No Kazakh footballer had represented the USSR until 1977 when FC Kairat defender Seilda Baishakov made his debut in a FIFA World Cup qualifier against Hungary. Later, in 1986, his club would go on to add further to their honours by finishing seventh in the Top League, an all-time best finish for a Kazakh club. The country's Eugeny Yarovenko also added to the honours as a member of the victorious Soviet side at the 1988 Summer Olympics.

After the fall of the Soviet Union, a Football Association of the Republic of Kazakhstan was set up in 1992 and soon accepted into FIFA and the Asian Football Confederation. The national team debuted soon afterwards and individual Kazakh competitions were established. The renamed FFK went on to join UEFA in 2002, ending their relationship with the AFC. [2] [4] [5] [6]

Domestic competition

The main league competition in the country is the Kazakhstan Premier League, formed in 1992 from Zone 8 of the Third Level of Soviet football with other higher placed Kazakh clubs co-opted. A first division was added in 1994 and this competition is now organised on a regional basis and is fed into by a further regionalised second division. The Kazakhstan Cup is also competed for, while successful clubs gain entry to the early rounds of the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League. [7]

League system

Level

League(s)/division(s)

1

Kazakhstan Premier League
12 clubs

↓↑ 2–3 clubs

2

Kazakhstan First Division
12 clubs

↓↑ 1 club

3

Kazakhstan Second Division
5 clubs + 16 reserve teams

National team

Although they participated in matches against other Republics of the Soviet Union the Kazakhstan team did not make their official debut until 1 June 1992, when they defeated Turkmenistan 1–0. Based at the Almaty Central Stadium, they have yet to qualify for a major tournament.

Champions during Soviet era (1936–91)

A Kazakh SSR championship was founded in 1936 with no Kazakh clubs competing in the Soviet Top League. The winners of this competition were:

1936–81

  • 1936 – Sbornaya Almaty
  • 1937 – Dinamo Almaty
  • 1938 – Dinamo Almaty
  • 1939–47 – no competition
  • 1948 – Dinamo Almaty
  • 1949 – Lokomotiv Zhambyl
  • 1950 – Sbornaya Almaty
  • 1951 – Metallurg Shymkent
  • 1952 – Metallurg Shymkent
  • 1953 – Metallurg Shymkent
  • 1954 – Dinamo Almaty
  • 1956 – Sbornaya Almaty
  • 1957 – Stroitel Almaty
  


1980–81. Zone 7, 3rd level of Soviet football, including Kazakhstan and other Central Asian teams


1982–91. Zone 8, 3rd level of Soviet football, including only Kazakhstan teams

See also

Related Research Articles

The 2008 Kazakhstan Premier League was the 17th season of the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest football league competition in Kazakhstan, and took place between 8 March and 5 November.

The 2014 Kazakhstan Cup is the 23rd season of the Kazakhstan Cup, the annual nationwide football cup competition of Kazakhstan since the independence of the country. The competition begins on 22 April 2014, and will end with the final in November 2014. Shakhter Karagandy are the defending champions, having won their first cup in the 2013 competition.

The 2013 FC Astana season was the fifth successive season that Astana played in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan. They also participate in the Kazakhstan Cup, reaching the Quarter-Finals, and the Europa League, where they were knocked out in the First Qualifying Round.

The 2014 FC Shakhter Karagandy season was the 23rd successive season that the club played in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan. Shakhter Karagandy finished the season in 6th position, reached the Semi-Finals of the Kazakhstan Cup and the Third Qualifying Round of the UEFA Europa League.

The 2013 FC Kairat season was the 3rd successive season that the club playing in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan, since their promotion back to the top flight in 2009. Kairat finished the season in 3rd place and reached the Second Round of the Kazakhstan Cup.

The 2013 FC Shakhter Karagandy season was the 22nd successive season that Shakhter played in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan.

The 2010 Lokomotiv Astana season was the second successive season that the club played in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan.

The 2012 FC Shakhter Karagandy season was the 21st successive season that Shakhter played in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan.

The 2013 FC Aktobe season was the 13th successive season that the club played in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan. Aktobe won the League title for the first time since 2009, qualifying for the UEFA Champions League. Aktobe also reached the Semifinal of the Kazakhstan Cup and the Play-off Round of the Europa League.

The 2017 Kazakhstan Premier League was the 26th season of the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest football league competition in Kazakhstan. Astana are the defending champions having won their third league championship the previous year.

The 2017 FC Shakhter Karagandy season is the 26th successive season that the club will play in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan. Shakhter Karagandy will also be participating in the Kazakhstan Cup.

The 2017 FC Taraz season is the 9th successive season that the club will play in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan, and 24th in total.

The 2017 FC Atyrau season is the 17th successive season that the club will play in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan.

The 2018 Kazakhstan Premier League was the 27th season of the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest football league competition in Kazakhstan. Astana defended their championship, winning the Premier League for a fifth time.

The 2011 FC Shakhter Karagandy season was the clubs twentieth successive season in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan.

The 2018 FC Akzhayik season is the club's 10th season in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan, and their third since 2010. They will also participate in the Kazakhstan Cup.

The 2019 FC Kyzylzhar season is the club's 12th season in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan, and first since their relegation at the end of the 2009 season. Kyzylzhar will also play in the Kazakhstan Cup.

The 2018 FC Kaisar season is the club's second season back in the Kazakhstan Premier League, the highest tier of association football in Kazakhstan, and 21st in total. Kaisar will also participate in the Kazakhstan Cup.

The 2018 Kazakhstan Cup is the 27th season of the Kazakhstan Cup, the annual nationwide football cup competition of Kazakhstan since the independence of the country.

The 2019 FC Taraz season was the club's first season back in the Kazakhstan Premier League following their relegation at the end of the 2017 season, and 28th season in total. Taraz finished the season in 10th position, qualifying for a two-legged Relegation play-off against FC Akzhayik. After a 0-0 draw in the first leg away in Oral, Taraz won the second leg 3-1 to retain their place in the Kazakhstan Premier League for the 2020 season. Taraz also participated in the Kazakhstan Cup, where they were defeated by FC Ordabasy in the Quarterfinals.

References

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  2. 1 2 Paxton, Robin. "Kazakhstan looks to Europe for soccer growth" . Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  3. Fergus, Michael; Jandosova, Janar (21 April 2018). Kazakhstan: Coming of Age. Stacey International. ISBN   9781900988612 . Retrieved 21 April 2018 via Google Books.
  4. Wilson, Jonathan (15 September 2015). "FC Astana's group stage debut shows how far Kazakh football has come - Jonathan Wilson". the Guardian. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  5. "Ames: A trip to see FC Astana's grand project" . Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  6. "A belief in west is best for future of Kazakhstan" . Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  7. "The Champions League Lands in Kazakhstan". 30 September 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  8. "Kazakhstan - List of Champions". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 21 April 2018.