Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Hong Kong, followed by rugby union.The Hong Kong Football Association (HKFA) is the governing body for football in Hong Kong.
The first football club of Hong Kong is Hong Kong Football Club, usually known as The Club, founded in 1886. The Club is one of the oldest existing football clubs in Asia.
The first football competition of Hong Kong is the Challenge Shield, which founded in 1898. Its format is similar to the FA Challenge Cup in England.
Tracing back to early 20th century, the Hong Kong football league was founded in 1908. It is probably the oldest professional league in Asia. Most records before the Second World War have been lost and not many people can remember the old glory of Hong Kong's professional football.
The Hong Kong Football Association, the governing body of Hong Kong football, was founded in 1914 and is one of the oldest football associations in Asia.
In the 1970s and 1980s, football in Hong Kong was strong and popular, with competitive local teams boosted by well known overseas players and managers, playing in front crowds of tens of thousands.
In 1985, in a famous match, Hong Kong upset China, 2-1, in Beijing to move towards a place in the 1986 World Cup.The team ultimately fell short of qualification.
In recent years, major attempts have been made by Hong Kong government to improve both HKFA’s governance and the quality of Hong Kong football under a government scheme called ‘Project Phoenix’.
All the football leagues are organised by the HKFA.
The Hong Kong Premier League began its first season in 2014–15 and is the top flight in Hong Kong. There are ten teams who compete in the league, all of whom are fully professional.
The lower divisions consist of the Hong Kong First Division, the Second Division League, and the Third Division League. Most of the teams in the lower divisions are amateur with the occasional semi-professional team. The bottom 4 teams of the Third Division League are eliminated from the league system
|1|| Hong Kong Premier League |
|↑↓ 1 club|
|2|| Hong Kong First Division |
|↑↓ 2 clubs|
|3|| Hong Kong Second Division |
|↑↓ 2 clubs|
|4|| Hong Kong Third Division |
|↑↓ 4 clubs|
All the cup competitions are also organised by the HKFA. Among them, the HKFA Cup and Senior Shield are probably the oldest professional football competitions in Asia - even earlier than the league.
There are several cup competitions for clubs at different levels of the football pyramid. The most important cup competition is the Senior Shield, with the winners of the FA Cup qualifying for the AFC Cup.
There have also been a number of other cup competitions which are no longer run:
The Hong Kong national football team represents Hong Kong in men's international football events. The team competed their first international match in 1947 against South Korea during the colonial period. Even after 1997 the transfer of sovereignty to China, it continues to represent Hong Kong separately from the People's Republic of China as its own national team in international competitions due to the "One country, two systems" principle. The team has never qualified for the FIFA World Cup, with the closest time being the 1986 World Cup cycle, which also highlighted their most successful period. Recent success include winning the East Asian Game in 2009.
The Hong Kong women's national football team qualified for 14 consecutive AFC Women's Asian Cups between 1975–2003. However, the team has not qualified for a major tournament since the 2003 AFC Women's Championship.
The Hong Kong Football Association Limited, often abbreviated to the HKFA, is the governing body of association football in Hong Kong. Its current chairman is Pui Kwan Kay and its Chief Executive Officer is Paul Woodland.
Kitchee Sports Club is a Hong Kong professional football club based in Kowloon. It was founded in 1931 and currently competes in the Hong Kong Premier League.
Tai Po Football Club, previously known as Wofoo Tai Po due to sponsorship reasons, is a Hong Kong professional football club which currently competes in the Hong Kong First Division.
Lee Kin Wo is a former Hong Kong professional footballer.
Seiko Sports Association were one of the most famous and successful football teams in Hong Kong history. The team withdrew from the Hong Kong First Division League after the 1985–86 season.
Chu Siu Kei is a Hong Kong former professional footballer who currently plays as an amateur for Hong Kong Second Division club St. Joseph's. He plays as a midfielder.
Alexander Oluwatayo Akande, more commonly known as Alex Akande or Alex Tayo Akande, is a Nigerian-born Hong Kong professional footballer who plays as a striker and currently plays for Chinese Super League club Dalian Pro.
Yapp Hung Fai is a Hong Kong professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for the Hong Kong Premier League club Eastern. He currently keeps the record for being the most capped player of the Hong Kong national football team, with 76 caps in total.
Tam Lok Hin is a Hong Kong professional footballer who currently plays as a midfielder for Hong Kong Premier League club Lee Man.
Tim Bredbury, born 25 April 1963 in Hong Kong is a former Liverpool FC professional player and Hong Kong International footballer. Bredbury is a UEFA A/AFC A licensed coach and is currently the head coach of Hong Kong Third Division club Kowloon Cricket Club.
Huang Yang is a Chinese-born Hong Kong professional footballer who currently plays for Hong Kong Premier League club Kitchee. He was the Hong Kong Footballer of the Year in 2013. He is also the captain of the Hong Kong national football team.
Hong Kong Premier League is a Hong Kong professional football league organised by Hong Kong Football Association. It is currently sponsored by BOC Life and officially known as BOC Life Hong Kong Premier League. The inaugural season began in September 2014. It is the top-division football league in Hong Kong.
Wong Wai is a Hong Kong professional footballer who currently plays as a midfielder for Hong Kong Premier League club Eastern.
Chiu Yu Ming, is a former Hong Kong professional footballer. He played as a goalkeeper.
The Hong Kong Season Play-offs was a knockout football competition held after the conclusion of the Hong Kong Premier League season to decide the second team to play in the AFC club competition. It was held between 2013 and 2017.
The 2013–14 Season Play-off for the 2013–14 Hong Kong football season was the 2nd season of the tournament. It was be held in May 2014. All matches were played at the Mong Kok Stadium in Mong Kok, Kowloon.
Tong Kin Man is a Hong Kong professional football player who currently plays as a right back for Hong Kong Premier League club Kitchee.
Cheng Chin Lung is a Hong Kong professional footballer who currently plays for Hong Kong Premier League club Kitchee.
Shinichi Chan Chun Yat is a Japanese-born Hong Kong professional footballer who currently plays for Hong Kong Premier League club Kitchee. He is also of partial Japanese descent.
The 2019–20 Hong Kong FA Cup was the 45th edition of the Hong Kong FA Cup. 10 teams entered this edition, with 2 games played in the First Round before the quarter-final stage. The competition was only open to clubs who participated in the 2019–20 Hong Kong Premier League, with lower division sides entering the Junior Division, a separate competition.