Kenyan football league system

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The Kenyan football league system is a series of several interconnected leagues for association football clubs in Kenya.

Association football Team field sport played between two teams of eleven players with spherical ball

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Kenya republic in East Africa

Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with 47 semiautonomous counties governed by elected governors. At 580,367 square kilometres (224,081 sq mi), Kenya is the world's 48th largest country by total area. With a population of more than 52.2 million people, Kenya is the 27th most populous country. Kenya's capital and largest city is Nairobi while its oldest city and first capital is the coastal city of Mombasa. Kisumu City is the third largest city and also an inland port on Lake Victoria. Other important urban centres include Nakuru and Eldoret.

Contents

Structure

As of 2015, the top level league in Kenya is the Premier League, with the FKF Premier League below it. The Kenyan National Super League and Division One are the third and fourth tiers of the system respectively, both divided into two zones for the Eastern and Western halves of Kenya. Division One is further divided into two groups consisting of teams from various regions in Eastern and Western Kenya.

Kenyan Premier League association football league

The Kenyan Premier League (KPL), also known as the SportPesa Premier League (SPL) for sponsorship reasons, is a professional league for men's association football clubs in Kenya. Standing at the top of the Kenyan football league system, the league was formed in 1963 under the Kenya Football Federation but is now controlled by the Football Kenya Federation. It is contested by 18 clubs and operates on a promotion and relegation system with the Kenyan National Super League. Gor Mahia are the league's current champions and most successful club, with a record 17 titles to their name.

The Kenyan National Super League is the second tier of the Kenyan football league system, with a promotion and relegation system with the Kenyan Premier League and FKF Division One. Some of the league's member clubs are fully professional, while others are semi-professional.

FKF Division One is the third tier in the Kenyan football league system. It has a promotion and relegation system with the Kenyan National Super League and the Kenyan Provincial League. It is controlled by the Football Kenya Federation. Most member clubs are semi-professional, while others are either fully professional or amateur.

Below the national leagues are the Regional Leagues, divided into regional divisions based on the former Provinces of Kenya (except for North Eastern), some of which are further divided into a number of zones. The County Champions League and the Sub-County Leagues make up the bottom two tiers of the Kenyan football league system.

Provinces of Kenya defunct class of territorial administration in Kenya

Kenya's provinces were replaced by a system of counties in 2013.

North Eastern Province (Kenya) Former province in Kenya

The North Eastern Province is one of the former provinces in Kenya. It has a land area of 127,358.5 km2, with its capital at Garissa. Previously known as the Northern Frontier District (NFD), the territory was carved out of the Jubaland region of present-day southern Somalia during the colonial period. It is and has historically been exclusively inhabited by ethnic Somalis.

The Kenyan County Champions League is the fifth tier of the Kenyan football league system. It has a promotion and relegation system with the Kenyan Regional Leagues and the Kenyan Sub-County Leagues. Member clubs are amateur.

In women's football, the Women's Premier League is the top tier league, with the Women's Division One below it.

Womens association football association football when played by women

Women's association football, usually known as women's football or women's soccer, is the most prominent team sport played by women around the globe. It is played at the professional level in numerous countries throughout the world and 176 national teams participate internationally.

The Kenyan Women's Premier League is the top tier women's football league in the Kenyan football league system. It is controlled by the Football Kenya Federation.

The FKF Women's Division One is the second tier women's football league in the Kenyan football league system. It is controlled by the Football Kenya Federation.

History

In November 2012, the Football Kenya Federation began talks to create Division Two, which, if approved, will go above the Provincial League as the third tier. The proposal says that the league will be made of 16 teams; the four relegated teams from both zones of Division One and one team from each of the eight provincial leagues. The 16 teams will be divided into two zones of eight teams each on the same basis as Division One in terms of locations of teams in the zones. The winners from each zone would be promoted to their respective zones in Division One, e.g. the winner from Zone A in Division Two would be promoted to Zone A in Division One. [1]

Football Kenya Federation

The Football Kenya Federation is the governing body of football in Kenya. It was founded in 2011 and was recognised by FIFA, CAF and CECAFA in 2012, replacing Football Kenya Limited. The FKF organises the Kenyan Premier League, the Kenyan Women's Premier League, FKF Division One and the Kenya national football team. It is headed by Nick Mwendwa.

On 25 April 2013, the Football Kenya Federation decided to slash the league to 20 teams for the 2014 season. For that to happen, it was decided that the league will consist of top 5 teams in each zone (except the two teams that win the promotion play-offs) in addition to the two relegated Premier League teams. The remaining 29 teams will be relegated to FKF Division Two, which will begin next season, along with the 8 teams promoted from the Provincial League. [2]

On 10 July 2013, it was announced that the Football Kenya Federation introduced a new league system to take effect from the beginning of the 2014 season. [3] For the 2015 season, the Kenyan Premier League was to be contested by 18 teams, up from 16 for the 2014 season. [4]

At the beginning of the 2015 season, talks between the Kenyan Premier League and the Football Kenya Federation concerning the expansion of the top flight collapsed, ultimately resulting in the formation of a new parallel top division called the FKF Premier League (FKF PL) consisting of 18 teams, with the KPL maintaining its composition of 16 teams. [5] However, on 23 March 2015, the two parties reached an agreement that gave the KPL official recognition as Kenya's top division and the FKF PL as Kenya's second division for 2015, with a memorandum of understanding outlining the promotion and relegation system between the two leagues for 2015 and the relationship between the KPL and the federation regarding the running of the top division from 2016 onwards.

Current system

As of the 2017 season.
LevelLeague/Division(s)
1
Premier League
Kenyan Premier League
18 clubs
2
Super League
Kenyan National Super League
20 clubs
3
Division One
Zone A
14 clubs
Zone B
14 clubs
4
Division Two
Western Zone
15 clubs
Central Zone
30 clubs
Eastern Zone
24 clubs
Northern Zone
15 clubs
5
Regional Leagues
Nyanza League
20 clubs
Western League
20 clubs
Rift Valley League
20 clubs
Central League
20 clubs
Nairobi League
20 clubs
Eastern League
20 clubs
North Eastern League
20 clubs
Coast League
20 clubs
6
County
Champions League
Baringo League Bomet League Bungoma League Busia League Embu League Garissa League Isiolo League Kiambu League
Elgeyo-Marakwet League Homa Bay League Kajiado League Kakamega League Kilifi League Kirinyaga League Kitui League Kwale League
Kericho League Kisii League Kisumu League Laikipia League Lamu League Machakos League Makueni League Mandera League
Migori League Nakuru League Nandi League Narok League Marsabit League Meru League Mombasa League Murang'a League
Nyamira League Samburu League Siaya League Trans-Nzoia League Nairobi A. League Nairobi B. League Nyandarua League Nyeri League
Turkana League Uasin Gishu League Vihiga League West Pokot League Taita-Taveta League Tana River League Tharaka-Nithi League Wajir League
7
Sub-County Leagues
Sub-County Leagues

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References

  1. "FKF to consider creation of Division 2". Futaa.com. 16 November 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  2. Patrick Korir (25 April 2013). "Signed and sealed; Div 1 to have 20 teams in 2014". Futaa.com. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
  3. Amos Abuga (10 July 2013). "New FKF soccer Structure to be implemented next year". MichezoAfrika.com. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  4. Kevin Teya (25 November 2014). "FKF: Decision on 18 - Team KPL is final and irreversible". Futaa.com. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  5. Kevin Teya (18 February 2015). "KPL, FKF talks collapse". Futaa.com. Retrieved 21 February 2015.