Uasin Gishu County

Last updated

Eldoret
Uasin Gishu County
Uasi ngishu farmlands.jpg
Wheat Plantation in Uasi Ngishu County near Moiben. Sergoit Hill in the background
Uasin Gishu County Government logo.png
Coat of arms
Uasin Gishu County in Kenya.svg
Location in Kenya
CountryFlag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Formed4 March 2013
Capital Eldoret
Government
   Governor Jackson Mandago
Area
  Total2,955.3 km2 (1,141.0 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
  Total1,163,186
  Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+3 (EAT)
Website https://www.uasingishu.go.ke/

Uasin Gishu County is one of the 47 counties of Kenya, located in the former Rift Valley Province. The city of Eldoret is the county's largest population center as well as its administrative and commercial center. [1]

Contents

Uasin Gishu is located on a plateau and has a cool and temperate climate. The county borders Trans-Nzoia County to the north, Elgeyo-Marakwet and Baringo counties to the east, Kericho county to the south, Nandi county to the south, south-west and Kakamega county to the west.

Etymology

The county's name comes from the Illwuasin-kishu Maasai clan. The land was the grazing area of the clan. They surrendered the land to the colonial government in the Anglo-Maasai agreement of 1911, and were subsequently pushed towards Trans Mara District. The plateau that they once occupied was then registered in its Anglicised version, Uasin Gishu. [2]

History

In 1903, the area was proposed as a potential Jewish homeland, as the British Uganda Programme. This proposal was rejected by the British Jewish community leaders.

In 1908, fifty eight families of Afrikaans-speaking South Africans settled in Uasin Gishu plateau. They were followed by sixty more families in 1911 and more later. [3] The town of Eldoret was established in the midst of the farms they created.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1979 300,766    
1989 445,530+48.1%
1999 622,705+39.8%
2009 894,179+43.6%
2019 1,163,186+30.1%
source: [4]

Government

Urban areas

TownTypePopulation (2009) [5] Rank in Kenya (Population Size)
Eldoret Municipality289,3805
Moi’s Bridge Town14,596106
MatundaTown10,031119
Burnt Forest Town4,925172
Jua KaliTown3,427192
TurboTown2,831201

Constituencies

DivisionPopulation*Urban pop.*Headquarters
Ainabkoi Constituency 77,29018,799 Kapsoya
Kapseret Constituency 93,16255,056Kapseret
Kesses Constituency 84,8940Kesses
Moiben Constituency 92,7176,172Moiben
Soy Constituency 165,12746,338 Eldoret
Turbo Constituency 109,50846,900 Turbo
* 1999 census. [6] [7]

Uasin Gishu Sub Counties

Currently with the formation of IEBC (Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission) Uasin Gishu was divided newly into sub-county and wards. it has a total of six sub-county namely Turbo - with a Total of six wards, Kesses - With a Total of four wards, Moiben - With a Total of Five wards, Kapseret - with a total of five wards, Ainabkoi and Soy - With a Total of Seven wards.

Uasin Gishu Sub Counties
Sub CountyWardsSub CountyWardsSub CountyWards
TurboHurumaMoibenKaruna/MeibekiSoyKipsomba
KamagutKimumuKunet/Kapsuswa
KapsaosMoibenSoy
KiplombeSergoitZiwa
NgenyilelTembelioKapkures
TapsagoiMois Bridge
Segero/Barsombe
KessesTulwet/ChuiyatKapseretNgeriaAinabkoiAinabkoi/Olare
TarakwaSimat/KapseretKaptagat
Cheptiret/KipchamoKipkenyoKapsoya
RacecourseLangas
Megun

Each Sub County has an administrative office incharge of it from the county Government, Wards administrators are in charge of wards and Sub County administrators admin the sub Counties,

Economy

Agriculture

Cherangani hills as viewed from farmlands near Karuna,Moiben, Uasin Gishu Cherangany hills uasingishu.jpg
Cherangani hills as viewed from farmlands near Karuna,Moiben, Uasin Gishu
Kesses Reservoir A cloudy day at Kesses.jpg
Kesses Reservoir

Uasin Gishu along with neighboring Trans-Nzoia, are considered Kenya's breadbasket due to their large-scale maize and wheat farms which produce the bulk of the country's total harvest. [8]

The National Cereals Board has a cereal storage depot located at Moi's Bridge town located in the north of the county, which consists of eight large silos with a capacity of approximately 5 million tonnes of grain. [9] It is one of the largest in the country and plays a significant role in Kenya's food security.

The county also produces sizable quantities of milk and horticultural produce. A wide variety of crops and animals are produced in smaller quantities.

Aquaculture

The county has 1,728 operational fish ponds covering 486,000 m2 with annual fish production of 593,000 kg worth KShs 285,900,000. The county also has many private and public dams suitable for capture fisheries with an annual production of 33,048 kg worth KShs 9,914,400. [10]

Industry

The county capital, Eldoret, is home to a vibrant textile industry as well as East Africa's only manufacturer of small arms and ammunition. There is also a substantial agribusiness sector that makes use of the produce from the county and surrounding regions. [11]

Services

Eldoret is a major commercial center in western Kenya. Service industries like wholesale & retail trade, auto repair, entertainment centers and various IT services abound within and outside the town. Almost all Kenyan banks have a presence in the town and these act to service the region. [12]

Tourism

Tourism, sports tourism in particular, is a growing sub-sector in the county - the result of long term performances by athletes from the region. [13]

Transport

Uasin Gishu has 300 kilometers of tarmac roads, 549 kilometers of murram roads and 377 kilometers of earth roads. It also has 17 kilometers of railway line with 8 railway stations in addition to an inland container depot. The Eldoret International Airport and two airstrips are also located in the county, all combining to make it the regions service hub. [14]

Education

The county has several universities including Moi University and the University of Eldoret, which have their main campuses in the county. Several technical and vocational institutes are also located in the county, including Eldoret National Polytechnic, Rift Valley Technical Training Institute, Kipkabus Technical Training Institute, Moiben Technical Training Institute, Kosyin Technical Training Institute, Chebororwa Agricultural Training Center, Tumaini and Technical Training Institute, amongst others.[ citation needed ]

Related Research Articles

Eldoret Town in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya

Eldoret is a principal town in the Rift Valley region of Kenya and serves as the capital of Uasin Gishu County. The town is colloquially known as 'Sisibo'. As per the 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census, Eldoret is the fifth most populated urban area in the country after Nairobi, Mombasa, Nakuru and Ruiru. Lying south of the Cherangani Hills, the local elevation varies from about 2100 meters at the airport to more than 2700 meters in nearby areas (7000–9000 feet). The population was 289,380 in the 2009 Census, and it is currently the fastest growing town in Kenya with 475,716 people according to 2019 National Census.

Trans-Nzoia County County in Kenya

Trans-Nzoia County is a county in the former Rift Valley Province, Kenya, located between the Nzoia River and Mount Elgon, 380 km northwest of Nairobi. At its centre is the town of Kitale which is the capital and largest town. The county borders Bungoma to the west, Uasin Gishu and Kakamega to the south, Elgeyo-Marakwet to the east, West Pokot to the north and the republic of Uganda to the Northwest. Trans Nzoia covers an area of 2495.5 square kilometres.

The Oropom were the aboriginal inhabitants of much of Karamoja in Uganda, Mt. Elgon area and West Pokot, Trans Nzoia and Turkana regions in Kenya. Their descendants were largely assimilated into various communities present in their former territories, including the Iteso, Karamojong, Pokot, Turkana and Bukusu. They are or were found in scattered pockets between the Turkwel River, Chemorongit Mountains and Mt. Elgon. One report indicates that they formerly spoke the unclassified Oropom language.

Kakamega County County in Kenya

Kakamega County is a county in the former Western Province of Kenya and borders Vihiga County to the South, Siaya County to the West, Bungoma and Trans Nzoia Counties to the North and Nandi and Uasin Gishu Counties to the East. CIDP Its capital and largest town is Kakamega. It has a population of 1,867,579 and an area of 3,033.8 km2.

Elgeyo people

The Keiyo are an ethnic group that is part the larger Kalenjin ethnic group of Nilotic origin. Currently they live near Eldoret, Kenya in the highlands of the former Keiyo District now part of the larger Elgeyo Marakwet County. The Elgeyo originally settled at the foot hills of elgeyo escarpment. The area between kerio river to the east and escapment to the west. Due to drought and famine at the valley, the keiyos started to climb the escarpment and started to settle on the highland east of uasin gishu plateau. When the british came, the keiyos where pushed to settle in cluster which was called reserves. The Keiyo subsist mainly on grain, milk, blood and meat provided by their cattle, sheep and goats.

Nandi County County in Kenya

Nandi County is in the North Rift of Kenya, occupying an area of 2,884.4 square kilometres. Its capital, Kapsabet, is the largest town in the county while other towns include Mosoriot, Kaiboi, Kabiyet and Nandi Hills. According to a 2019 census, the county had a population of 885,711, made up of a number of Kenyan communities, the majority of whom belong to the native tribe called Nandi.

Kaptagat Place in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya

Kaptagat is a village near 25 kilometres east of Eldoret along the B54 Road in the former Rift Valley Province, Kenya. It is located near the edge of the Great Rift Valley just to the southeast of the village of Chepkorio. Administratively, it is a location in Ainabkoi division of Uasin Gishu County. Its local authority is Wareng County Council and constituency is Ainabkoi Constituency. Although geographically, Kaptagat lies both in the Uasin Gishu and Elgeyo-Marakwet Countys. One of the nearest towns is Kimwarer, located 10 kilometers east of Kapatagat.

Eldoret East Constituency was a former electoral constituency in Kenya. It was one of three constituencies in the former Uasin Gishu District, now Uasin Gishu County. The constituency was established for the 1988 elections.

Eldoret South Constituency was an electoral constituency in Kenya. It was one of three constituencies in the former Uasin Gishu District, now Uasin Gishu County. The constituency was established for the 1966 elections.

Moi's Bridge is a small town that has its roots both in Uasin Gishu County, Trans Nzoia County and Kakamega County, Kenya. It is a town that has since grown as an agricultural center with the third largest NCPB in East Africa. Moi's Bridge is an electoral ward of the Soy Constituency and Uasin Gishu County. It is an important Kenyan area, often named as the 'bread basket' of Kenya. Moi's Bridge is also a location in the Soy division of Uasin Gishu District.

Sub-Counties of Kenya Wikipedia list article

Sub-counties are the decentralised units through which county governments of Kenya will provide functions and services. Except for the parts which fall under urban areas, sub-counties will coincide with the constituencies created under article 89 of the Constitution of Kenya. Sub-counties will be headed by a sub-county administrator, appointed by a County Public Service Board.

Elgeyo-Marakwet County County in Kenya

Elgeyo-Marakwet County is one of Kenya's 47 counties. Elgeyo Marakwet County is located in the former Rift Valley Province. Its capital and largest town is Iten. It borders the counties of West Pokot to the north, Baringo County to the east, southeast and south, Uasin Gishu to the southwest and west, and Trans Nzoia to the northwest.

Mabati Tatu is a fast growing shopping center close to the border of Bungoma County and Trans-Nzoia County in Kenya. It is located 28 kilometres (17 mi) from Kitale town along the Kiminini – Turbo road. The name 'Mabati Tatu' is a direct translation of Swahili for three iron sheets. This name is in reference to the family of Mzee Patrick Wamalwa Ngome who was the first to settle at the then bushy dirt road intersection.

The Suam–Endebess–Kitale–Eldoret Road, is a rural road in Kenya. The road links Suam, in Trans-Nzoia County, to the towns of Endebess, Kitale, and Eldoret in Uasin Gishu County.

Sengwer people

The Sengwer people are an indigenous community who primarily live in the Embobut forest in the western highlands of Kenya and in scattered pockets across Trans Nzoia, West Pokot and Elgeyo-Marakwet counties. The Sengwer are sometimes portrayed as a component of the Marakwet people but are a distinct ethnic grouping.

The Chemwal people were a Kalenjin-speaking society that inhabited regions of western and north-western Kenya as well as the regions around Mount Elgon at various times through to the late 19th century. The Nandi word Sekker was used by Pokot elders to describe one section of a community that occupied the Elgeyo escarpment and whose territory stretched across the Uasin Gishu plateau. This section of the community appears to have neighbored the Karamojong who referred to them as Siger, a name that derived from the Karimojong word esigirait. The most notable element of Sekker culture appears to have been a dangling adornment of a single cowrie shell attached to the forelock of Sekker women, at least as of the late 1700s and early 1800s.

Sirikwa culture

The Sirikwa culture was the predominant Kenyan hinterland culture of the Pastoral Iron Age, c.2000 BP. Seen to have developed out of the Elmenteitan culture of the East African Pastoral Neolithic c.3300-1200 BP, it was followed in much of its area by the Kalenjin, Maa, western and central Kenyan communities of the 18th and 19th centuries.

The Uasin Gishu people were a community that inhabited a plateau located in western Kenya that today bears their name. They are said to have arisen from the scattering of the Kwavi by the Maasai in the 1830s. They were one of two significant sections of that community that stayed together. The other being the Laikipiak with whom they would later ally against the Maasai.

The Siger people were a community commonly spoken of in the folklore of a number of Kenyan communities that inhabited regions of northwestern Kenya at various points in history.

Kesses Dam

Kesses Dam is a small man-made lake in Kenya. It is one of the sources of the Yala River. It is used as a source of water for irrigation and domestic use, and also for boating and other water activities.

References

  1. "Uasin Gishu County overview – Uasin Gishu County" . Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  2. MORRIS KIRUGA. Daily Nation. How local dialects influenced naming of west Kenya towns. 23 July 2013
  3. Red strangers: the white tribe of Kenya, ISBN   1-85725-206-3, by Christine Stephanie Nicholls
  4. Kenya: Administrative Division population statistics
  5. "Kenya" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 February 2013.
  6. "1999 census" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2007.
  7. 1999 census Archived 28 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  8. Kenya Information Guide online
  9. Zakenya online
  10. Uasin Gishu County online
  11. Kenya Information Guide online
  12. "Eldoret, Kenya". Meet Minneapolis. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  13. Kenya Information Guide online
  14. Uasin Gishu County Government online

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Uasin-Gishu County at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 0°31′00″N35°17′00″E / 0.516667°N 35.2833°E / 0.516667; 35.2833