UEFA Nations League

Last updated

UEFA Nations League
UEFA Nations League.svg
Founded2018;3 years ago (2018)
RegionEurope (UEFA)
Number of teams55
Current championsFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal (1st title)
Most successful team(s)Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal (1 title)
Television broadcasters List of broadcasters
Website Official website
Soccerball current event.svg 2020–21 UEFA Nations League

The UEFA Nations League is a biennial international football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the member associations of UEFA, the sport's European governing body. [1]

Contents

The first tournament began in September 2018, following the 2018 FIFA World Cup. The four group winners from League A qualified for the finals, played in Portugal in June 2019. Four nations, one from each League, also qualified for the UEFA Euro 2020 finals.

The competition largely replaces the international friendly matches previously played on the FIFA International Match Calendar. [2]

Adoption

In October 2013, Norwegian Football Association President Yngve Hallén confirmed that talks had been held to create a third full national-team international tournament for UEFA members [3] in addition to the FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Championship.

The concept of the UEFA Nations League would see all 55 of UEFA's member associations' national teams divided into a series of groups based upon a ranking formulated using their recent results, where they would be promoted and relegated to other groups according to their results within the group. [4] The proposed tournament would take place on dates on the FIFA International Match Calendar that were previously allocated for international friendlies and would not affect the FIFA World Cup or UEFA European Championship. [5]

In March 2014, UEFA general secretary Gianni Infantino stated that one of the benefits of the proposal would be to help less glamorous national associations arrange games. [5]

Royal Belgian Football Association's general secretary Steven Martens said that lower ranked nations would still benefit financially from the competition, as the television contract with UEFA would be centralised. [6] The UEFA Nations League was unanimously adopted by the 54 UEFA member associations (Kosovo was not a member at this time) at the XXXVIII Ordinary UEFA Congress in Astana on 27 March 2014. [1]

Format

Original format

According to the approved format (prior to Kosovo becoming a UEFA member), [1] [7] [8] the 55 UEFA national teams (including Kosovo) were divided into four divisions (called "Leagues"): [9] [10] 12 teams in League A, 12 teams in League B, 15 teams in League C, and 16 teams in League D. In each league, four groups were formed (three or four teams in each group) and teams played each other both home and away.

Adjustment starting from 2020–21

After the completion of the first season, UEFA decided to adjust the format of the Nations League starting from the 2020–21 season. The new league structure comprised 16 teams in Leagues A, B and C and seven teams in League D. [11]

The transition to the newer 2020–21 format occurred by making various one-time changes after the 2018–19 season, namely the suspension of relegations (of the bottom-placed teams) in both League A and League B, promoting the two best teams per group in both League C and League D (instead of only one team per group), and promoting the best third-placed team from League D.

This change to the format followed a collective consultation process, whereby all UEFA national associations reiterated their intent to further reduce the number of friendly matches. The number of competitive matches was increased from 138 to 162, thus increasing the commercial value and viewer attractiveness of the competition. All teams in the same group played their last match simultaneously to increase fairness. [12] More matches were played within Leagues A and B, with the two leagues now incorporating competition between the 32 highest-ranked UEFA national associations, instead of the previous system where Leagues A and B together only incorporated 24 of the highest-ranked UEFA national associations.

Nations League Finals, promotion and relegation

In the top league, League A, the winners of the four groups go on to play in the Nations League Finals, with two semi-finals, one third and fourth place decider, and one final to decide which team becomes the UEFA Nations League champion.

Teams can also be promoted and relegated to a higher or lower league. Starting in 2020–21, each group winner (there are four groups in Leagues A, B, and C, and two groups in League D) except for League A, who will go on to play in the Nations League Finals, is automatically promoted to the next higher league for the next tournament. Each team placing last in its group in the Leagues A and B is automatically relegated to the next lower league; as League C has four groups while League D has only two, the two League C teams that are to be relegated are determined by play-outs beginning in March 2022. Based on the Nations League overall ranking of the fourth-placed teams, the first-ranked team face the fourth-ranked team, and the second-ranked team face the third-ranked team. Two ties are played over two legs, with each team playing one leg at home (the higher-ranked team hosts the second leg). The two teams that score more goals on aggregate over the two legs remain in League C, while the losing teams are relegated to League D.

The UEFA Nations League is linked with the UEFA European Championship qualifying, providing teams another chance to qualify for the UEFA European Championship.

There were play-offs for each of Leagues A, B, C and D in October and November 2020. Each group winner earned a spot in the semi-finals. If the group winner was already one of the 20 qualified teams, rankings were used to give the play-off spot to another team of that league. If fewer than four teams in the entire league remained unqualified, play-off spots for that league were given to teams of the next lower league. This determined the four remaining qualifying spots for the European Championship (out of 24 total). [9] [10] [13]

The Nations League will be partially linked with European qualification for the FIFA World Cup, although to a lesser degree than is done for the UEFA European Championship qualifying play-offs. The first round of the World Cup qualification consists of ten groups. The winner of each group will directly qualify for the World Cup. Then, the second round (which follows a play-off format) will be contested by the ten group runners-up, plus the best two Nations League group winners (based on the Nations League overall ranking) that finished outside the top two of their qualifying group. The play-offs will be split into three play-off paths, played in two single-match knockout rounds (semi-finals and finals, with the home teams to be drawn), from which an additional three teams will also qualify. [14]

Support and criticism

UEFA devised the tournament as a means to eliminate international friendlies – an aim that has been shared by many football clubs and supporters with the regular football season being interrupted with non-competitive international matches as part of the FIFA International Match Calendar. [15] [16] [17]

In February 2012, it was agreed between UEFA and the European Club Association (ECA) that the international friendly schedule would be reduced from 12 to 9 matches a year with the August round of international friendlies in the UEFA confederation abolished from 2015. [18] The aspiration to eliminate friendlies in favour of a more competitive tournament has been welcomed by many football commentators. [19] [20]

Supporters more than most realise that most friendlies fail to deliver competitive and meaningful football. Now they will have the opportunity to see their teams play in more competitive matches, take part in a new competition and get a second chance to qualify for the major tournaments. There will certainly be fewer friendly internationals and undoubtedly fewer meaningless friendlies. However, there will still be space in the calendar for friendly internationals – particularly warm-up matches for final tournaments. UEFA is also keen that European teams will still have the chance to play opponents from other confederations.

The Nations League was partly created out of UEFA's aspiration to eliminate "meaningless" international friendlies. [21]

The format has been criticised as allowing weaker teams to qualify through the Nations League to compete in the European Championship finals, instead of qualifying through the standard qualification process. [22] However, only four places out of 24 are available through these playoffs.

Trophy

The UEFA Nations League trophy was unveiled during the phase draw in Lausanne, Switzerland. The trophy represents all 55 UEFA National associations and is made of sterling silver. The trophy weighs 7.5 kg and is 71 cm tall. [23]

Anthem

The official anthem of the UEFA Nations League was recorded with the Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra and Choir, singing in Latin. It is a mix of classical and electronic music, and is played when the players are entering the field of play, in television sequences and for ceremonial purposes. The composers are Giorgio Tuinfort and Franck van der Heijden. [23] [24]

Seasons

Each season of the UEFA Nations League is typically played from September to November of an even-numbered year (league phase), and June of the following odd-numbered year (Nations League Finals of League A), meaning a UEFA Nations League champion is crowned every two years. An exception will be made in the 2022–23 season when the league phase will be played in June and September 2022, due to the 2022 FIFA World Cup played in Qatar at the end of the year. [9] [10] [13]

Results of Nations League finals

SeasonHostFinalThird place play-off
WinnerScoreRunner-upThird placeScoreFourth place
2018–19
Details
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Flag of Portugal.svg
Portugal
1–0 Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Netherlands
Flag of England.svg
England
0–0( a.e.t. )
(6–5 p )
Flag of Switzerland.svg
Switzerland
2020–21
Details
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
2022–23
Details
Flag of None.svg TBA

Performances by team

TeamWinnersRunner-upThird placeFourth place
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 1 (2019 *)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1 (2019)
Flag of England.svg  England 1 (2019)
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 1 (2019)
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium
Flag of France.svg France
Flag of Italy.svg Italy
Flag of Spain.svg Spain
* = hosts

Team performances by season

National teamSeason
2018–19 2020–21 2022–23
LGRKP/NMLGRKP/NM/RLGRKP/NM/R
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania C 34 C 35 B
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra D 53 D 55 D
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia D 45 C 36 B
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria B 18 B 18 A
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan D 46 C 43 C
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus D 43 C 38 C
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium A 5 A Q A
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina B 13 A 15 B
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria C 29 B 31 C
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia A 9 A 12 A
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus C 36 C 46TBD C or D
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic B 20 B 19 A
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark B 15 A 7 A
Flag of England.svg  England A 3 A 9 A
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia C 37 C 47TBD C or D
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands D 50 D 50 C
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland C 28 B 21 B
Flag of France.svg  France A 6 A Q A
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia D 40 C 42 C
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany A 11 A 8 A
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar D 49 D 49 C
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece C 33 C 37 C
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary C 31 B 20 A
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland A 12 A 16 B
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel C 30 B 25 B
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy A 8 A Q A
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan D 47 C 45TBD C or D
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo D 42 C 44 C
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia D 51 D 53 D
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg  Liechtenstein D 52 D 51 D
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania C 39 C 41 C
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg D 44 C 39 C
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta D 54 D 52 D
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova D 48 C 48TBD C or D
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro C 35 C 34 B
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands A 2 A 6 A
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia D 41 C 40 C
Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland B 24 B 32 C
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway C 26 B 22 B
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland A 10 A 10 A
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal A 1 A 5 A
Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland B 23 B 28 B
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania C 32 B 26 B
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia B 17 B 24 B
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino D 55 D 54 D
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland C 25 B 23 B
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia C 27 B 27 B
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia B 21 B 30 C
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia C 38 C 33 B
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain A 7 A Q A
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden B 16 A 14 B
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland A 4 A 11 A
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey B 22 B 29 C
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine B 14 A 13 B
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales B 19 B 17 A

See also

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