FIFA Confederations Cup

Last updated

FIFA Confederations Cup
FIFA Confederations Cup.png
Founded1992
Abolished2019
RegionInternational (FIFA)
Number of teams8 (from 6 confederations)
Last championsFlag of Germany.svg  Germany (1st title)
Most successful team(s)Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil (4 titles)
Website Official website

The FIFA Confederations Cup was an international association football tournament for men's national teams, held every four years by FIFA. It was contested by the holders of each of the six (AFC, CAF, CONCACAF, CONMEBOL, OFC and UEFA) continental championships, along with the current FIFA World Cup holder and the host nation, to bring the number of teams up to eight.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

FIFA International governing body of association football

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is an organization which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, fútsal, beach soccer, and eFootball. FIFA is responsible for the organization of football's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup which commenced in 1930 and the Women's World Cup which commenced in 1991.

Asian Football Confederation governing body of association football in Asia

The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of association football in Asia and Australia. It has 47 member countries, mostly located on the Asian and Australian continent, but excludes the transcontinental countries with territory in both Europe and Asia – Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey – which are instead members of UEFA. Three other states located geographically along the western fringe of Asia – Cyprus, Armenia and Israel – are also UEFA members. On the other hand, Australia, formerly in the OFC, joined the Asian Football Confederation in 2006, and the Oceanian island of Guam, a territory of the United States, is also a member of AFC, in addition to Northern Mariana Islands, one of the Two Commonwealths of the United States. Hong Kong and Macau, although not independent countries, are also members of the AFC.

Contents

Between 2005 and 2017, the tournament was held in the nation that would host the next World Cup, acting as a test event for the larger tournament.

The last champions were Germany, who won the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup by defeating Chile 1–0 in the final to win their first title.

Germany national football team mens national association football team representing Germany

The Germany national football team is the men's football team that has represented Germany in international competition since 1908. It is governed by the German Football Association, founded in 1900. Ever since the DFB was reinaugurated in 1949 the team has represented the Federal Republic of Germany. Under Allied occupation and division, two other separate national teams were also recognised by FIFA: the Saarland team representing the Saarland (1950–1956) and the East German team representing the German Democratic Republic (1952–1990). Both have been absorbed along with their records by the current national team. The official name and code "Germany FR (FRG)" was shortened to "Germany (GER)" following the reunification in 1990.

2017 FIFA Confederations Cup 10th FIFA Confederations Cup, held in Russia

The 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup was the 10th and final FIFA Confederations Cup, a quadrennial international men's football tournament organised by FIFA. It was held in Russia, from 17 June to 2 July 2017, as a prelude to the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

Chile national football team mens national association football team representing Chile

The Chile men's national football team(Selección masculina de fútbol de Chile) represents Chile in major international football competitions and is controlled by the Federación de Fútbol de Chile which was established in 1895. The team is commonly referred to as La Roja. They have appeared in nine World Cup tournaments and were hosts of the 1962 FIFA World Cup where they finished in third place, the highest position the country has ever achieved in the World Cup. Since the mid to late 1960s, the Elo ratings ranks Chile among the 10 strongest football teams in the world.

In March 2019, FIFA confirmed that the tournament would no longer be active owing to an expansion of the FIFA Club World Cup in 2021. [1]

The FIFA Club World Cup is an international men's association football competition organised by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The tournament officially assigns the world title. The competition was first contested in 2000 as the FIFA Club World Championship. It was not held between 2001 and 2004 due to a combination of factors, most importantly the collapse of FIFA's marketing partner International Sport and Leisure. Since 2005, the competition has been held every year, and has been hosted by Brazil, Japan, the United Arab Emirates and Morocco. The FIFA Club World Cup's prestige is perceived quite differently in different parts of the football world; it struggles to attract interest in most of Europe, and it is the object of heated debate in Brazil and Argentina.

History and details

A FIFA Confederations Cup choropleth map showing countries' best results (colours as shown) and host countries (yellow dots). Confederations cup countries best results and hosts.png
A FIFA Confederations Cup choropleth map showing countries' best results (colours as shown) and host countries (yellow dots).

The tournament was originally organized by and held in Saudi Arabia and called the King Fahd Cup (Confederations Winners Cup or Intercontinental Championship), contested in 1992 and 1995 by the Saudi national side and some continental champions. In 1997, FIFA took over the organization of the tournament, named it the FIFA Confederations Cup and staged the competition every two years. [2]

Saudi Arabia Country in Western Asia

Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula. With a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km2 (830,000 sq mi), Saudi Arabia is the largest sovereign state in the Middle East, geographically the fifth-largest in Asia, second-largest in the Arab world after Algeria and 12th-largest in the world. Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south. It is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba. It is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland and mountains. Saudi Arabia is the largest economy in the Middle East as of October 2018 and the 18th largest in the world. The total number of population of Saudi Arabia is 33.4 million with 50% of youth population are under 25.

The 1992 King Fahd Cup, named after Fahd of Saudi Arabia, was the first association football tournament of the competition that would later be known as the FIFA Confederations Cup. It was hosted by Saudi Arabia in October 1992, and was won by Argentina, who beat Saudi Arabia 3–1 in the final. The 1992 tournament was the only one not to feature a group stage and only featured four nations.

The 1995 King Fahd Cup was the second and last tournament held under the King Fahd Cup name before the competition was retroactively sanctioned by FIFA and renamed the FIFA Confederations Cup. It was hosted by Saudi Arabia in January 1995. It was won by Denmark, who beat defending champions Argentina 2–0 in the final.

After 2005, it was held every four years, in the year prior to each World Cup in the host country of the forthcoming World Cup (the 2001 edition was hosted in South Korea and Japan, before the quadrennial pattern was established). Considered a dress-rehearsal for the World Cup it precedes, it used around half of the stadiums intended for use at the following year's competition and gave the host nation, which qualified for that tournament automatically, experience at a high level of competition during two years of otherwise friendlies. At the same time, participation was made optional for the South American and European champions. [3]

FIFA World Cup association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

South Korea Republic in East Asia

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying to the east of the Asian mainland. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. South Korea lies in the north temperate zone and has a predominantly mountainous terrain. It comprises an estimated 51.4 million residents distributed over 100,363 km2 (38,750 sq mi). Its capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of around 10 million.

Japan Constitutional monarchy in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Germany against Brazil in the Frankenstadion in Nuremberg, Germany in the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup Deutschland - Brasilien (Confed-Cup) 6.JPG
Germany against Brazil in the Frankenstadion in Nuremberg, Germany in the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup

Generally, the host nation, the World Cup holders, and the six continental champions qualifed for the competition. In those cases where a team meets more than one of the qualification criteria (such as the 2001 tournament where France qualified as the World Cup champions and European champions), another team was invited to participate, often the runner-up in a competition that the extra-qualified team won.[ citation needed ]

The 2001 FIFA Confederations Cup was the fifth FIFA Confederations Cup and the third to be organised by FIFA. It was also the first in which the original hosts, Saudi Arabia, did not participate. The tournament was played from 30 May to 10 June 2001, and co-hosted by South Korea and Japan, who were also hosts for the 2002 FIFA World Cup finals. It was won by France, beating hosts Japan 1–0, with a goal from Patrick Vieira.

France national football team mens national association football team representing France

The France national football team represents France in international football and is controlled by the French Football Federation, also known as FFF, or in French: Fédération française de football. The team's colours are blue, white and red, and the coq gaulois its symbol. France are colloquially known as Les Bleus. The French side are the reigning World Cup holders, having won the 2018 FIFA World Cup on 15 July 2018.

On four occasions teams have chosen not to participate in the tournament. Germany did so twice, in 1997 (replaced by Euro 1996 runners-up Czech Republic) and in 2003 when Germany were awarded a place as the 2002 World Cup runners-up, replaced by the third-placed team Turkey. World champions France declined a place in the 1999 Confederations Cup, replaced by Brazil, the 1998 World Cup runners-up. Italy, UEFA Euro 2000 runners up, declined their place in the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup.[ citation needed ]

An earlier tournament that invited former World Cup winners, the Mundialito, celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of the first World Cup. The Artemio Franchi Trophy, contested in 1985 and 1993 between the winners of the Copa América and UEFA European Football Championship, was also another example of an earlier contest between football confederations. Both of these are considered by some to be a form of an unofficial precursor to the Confederations Cup, although FIFA recognised only the 1992 tournaments onwards to be Confederations Cup winners. [4]

2021 tournament and abolishment

The 2021 tournament was originally to be held in Qatar, the host country of the 2022 FIFA World Cup, as announced on 2 December 2010 after the country was awarded the hosting rights of the 2022 FIFA World Cup. However, concerns arose surrounding Qatar's high temperatures during the summer period (which also led to calls for the World Cup to be moved from its traditional June/July scheduling to November/December). [5]

On 25 February 2015, this resulted in FIFA officially announcing that it would move the 2021 Confederations Cup to another country of the Asian Football Confederation, so it could still be held during the traditional window of June/July 2021, without interrupting domestic leagues. As compensation, another FIFA tournament, potentially the 2021 FIFA Club World Cup, could be held in Qatar in November/December 2021, as the test event for the 2022 World Cup. [6] [7]

In October 2017, FIFA divulged plans to abolish the Confederations Cup by 2021 and replace it with a quadrennial, twenty-four team FIFA Club World Cup and move the latter tournament from December to June. [8] On 15 March 2019, FIFA announced that the Confederations Cup would be abolished, with the 2021 FIFA Club World Cup taking place instead. [1]

Format

The eight qualified teams are drawn into two round-robin groups: two teams from the same confederation cannot be drawn in a group, except if there are three teams from the same confederation (something that happened for the first time in the 2017 edition when hosts Russia were joined by World Cup champions Germany and European champions Portugal). Every team plays all other teams in their group once, for a total three matches.

The top two teams of each group advance to the semi-finals, with the winners of each group playing the runners-up of the other group. The rankings of teams in each group are determined as follows (regulations Article 19.6):

  1. points obtained in all group matches;
  2. goal difference in all group matches;
  3. number of goals scored in all group matches;

If two or more teams are equal on the basis of the above three criteria, their rankings are determined as follows:

  1. points obtained in the group matches between the teams concerned;
  2. goal difference in the group matches between the teams concerned;
  3. number of goals scored in the group matches between the teams concerned;
  4. fair play points
    • first yellow card: minus 1 point;
    • indirect red card (second yellow card): minus 3 points;
    • direct red card: minus 4 points;
    • yellow card and direct red card: minus 5 points;
  5. drawing of lots by the FIFA Organising Committee.

The winners of the semi-finals advanced to the final, while the losers played in the third-place game. For the knockout stage if the score was drawn at the end of regular time, extra time was played (two periods of 15 minutes each) and followed, if necessary, by a penalty shoot-out to determine the winner.

Results

FIFA Confederations Cup

The first two editions were in fact the defunct King Fahd Cup. FIFA later recognized them retroactively as Confederations Cup editions. [9]

#YearHost(s)Number of teamsFinal3rd place playoff
ChampionsScoreRunners-upThird placeScoreFourth place
King Fahd Cup
11992
Details
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 4Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
3–1 Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg
Saudi Arabia
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
5–2 Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
21995
Details
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 6Flag of Denmark.svg
Denmark
2–0 Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
1–1 ( a.e.t. )
(5–4p)
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
FIFA Confederations Cup
31997
Details
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 8Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
6–0 Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czech Republic
1–0 Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
41999
Details
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 8Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
4–3 Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
2–0 Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg
Saudi Arabia
52001
Details
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
8Flag of France.svg
France
1–0 Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
1–0 Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
62003
Details
Flag of France.svg  France 8Flag of France.svg
France
1–0 ( a.e.t. )Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
Flag of Turkey.svg
Turkey
2–1 Flag of Colombia.svg
Colombia
72005
Details
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 8Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
4–1 Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Germany.svg
Germany
4–3 ( a.e.t. )Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
82009
Details
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 8Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
3–2 Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
3–2 ( a.e.t. )Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa
92013
Details
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 8Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
3–0 Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
2–2 ( a.e.t. )
(3–2p)
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
102017
Details
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 8Flag of Germany.svg
Germany
1–0 Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
Flag of Portugal.svg
Portugal
2–1 ( a.e.t. )Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico

Teams reaching the top four

TeamTitlesRunners-upThird PlaceFourth Place
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 4 (1997, 2005, 2009, 2013*)1 (1999)1 (2001)
Flag of France.svg  France 2 (2001, 2003*)
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1 (1992)2 (1995, 2005)
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1 (1999*)1 (1995)2 (2005, 2017)
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1 (2017)1 (2005*)
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 1 (1995)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1 (2009)2 (1992, 1999)
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 1 (1997)1 (2001)
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1 (2013)1 (2009)
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 1 (1992*)1 (1999)
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 1 (2001*)
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 1 (2003)
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 1 (2017)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 1 (1997)
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 1 (2003)
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1 (2013)
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 1 (2017)
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 2 (1997, 2013)
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 1 (1992)
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 1 (1995)
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 1 (2003)
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 1 (2009*)
*: Hosts

Records and statistics

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References

  1. 1 2 "FIFA Council votes for the introduction of a revamped FIFA Club World Cup". FIFA.com. 15 March 2019. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  2. "FIFA Confederations Cup" (PDF).
  3. "2005/2006 season: final worldwide matchday to be 14 May 2006". FIFA. 19 December 2004. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  4. "Intercontinental Cup for Nations". RSSSF. 16 July 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  5. "FIFA Executive Committee confirms November/December event period for Qatar 2022". FIFA. 19 March 2015.
  6. "FIFA strips Qatar of Confederations Cup". CBC Sports. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
  7. "Late-November/late-December proposed for the 2022 FIFA World Cup". FIFA.com. 24 February 2015.
  8. "Expanded Club World Cup could replace Confederations Cup – Infantino". ESPN. 28 October 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  9. Tournament archive