Africa Cup of Nations

Last updated

Africa Cup of Nations
Africa Cup of Nation official logo.png
Organising body CAF
Founded1957;65 years ago (1957)
RegionAfrica
Number of teams24 (finals)
54 (eligible to enter qualification)
Current championsFlag of Senegal.svg  Senegal (1st title)
Most successful team(s)Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt (7 titles)
Website cafonline/cupofnations
Soccerball current event.svg 2023 Africa Cup of Nations qualification

The Africa Cup of Nations referred to as AFCON (French : Coupe d'Afrique des Nations, sometimes referred to as CAN, or TotalEnergies Africa Cup of Nations for sponsorship reasons), [1] and sometimes as African Cup of Nations, [2] is the main international men's association football competition in Africa. It is sanctioned by the Confederation of African Football (CAF), and was first held in 1957. [3] Since 1968, it has been held every two years, switching to odd-numbered years in 2013.

Contents

In the first tournament in 1957, there were only three participating nations: Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia. South Africa was originally scheduled to join, but was disqualified due to the apartheid policies of the government then in power. [4] Since then, the tournament has expanded greatly, making it necessary to hold a qualifying tournament. The number of participants in the final tournament reached 16 in 1998 (16 teams were to compete in 1996, but Nigeria withdrew, reducing the field to 15, and the same happened with Togo's withdrawal in 2010), and until 2017, the format had been unchanged, with the 16 teams being drawn into four groups of four teams each, with the top two teams of each group advancing to a "knock-out" stage. On 20 July 2017, the Africa Cup of Nations was moved from January to June and expanded from 16 to 24 teams. [5]

Egypt is the most successful nation in the cup's history, winning the tournament seven times. [6] Three trophies have been awarded during the tournament's history, with Ghana, and Cameroon winning the first two versions to keep after each of them won a tournament three times. The current trophy was first awarded in 2002. Egypt won an unprecedented three consecutive titles in 2006, 2008, and 2010.

In 2013, the tournament format was switched to being held in odd-numbered years so that it wouldn't interfere with the FIFA World Cup. [7] Senegal are the tournament's current champions, having beaten Egypt on penalties in the 2021 final.

History

1950s–60s: Origin and early years

The origin of the African Nations Cup dates from June 1956, when the creation of the Confederation of African Football was proposed during the third FIFA congress in Lisbon. There were immediate plans for a continental tournament to be held and, in February 1957, the first Africa Cup of Nations was held in Khartoum, Sudan. There was no qualification for this tournament, the field being made up of the four founding nations of CAF (Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, and South Africa). South Africa's insistence on selecting only white players for its squad due to its apartheid policy led to its disqualification, and as a consequence Ethiopia were handed a bye straight to the final. [8] Hence only two matches were played, with Egypt being crowned as the first continental champion after defeating hosts Sudan in the semi-final and Ethiopia in the final. Two years later Egypt hosted the second ANC in Cairo with the participation of the same three teams. Host and defending champions Egypt again won, after defeating Sudan.

The field grew to include nine teams for the third ANC in 1961 in Addis Ababa, and for the first time there was a qualification round to determine which four teams would play for the title. Host Ethiopia and reigning champion Egypt received automatic berths, and were joined in the final four by Nigeria and Tunisia. Egypt made its third consecutive final appearance, but the Ethiopia team emerged as victors, first beating Tunisia and then downing Egypt in extra time.

1960s: Ghanaian domination

In 1963, Ghana made its first appearance as it hosted the event, and won the title after beating Sudan in the final. They repeated that as they became champions two years later in Tunisia—equalling Egypt as two-time winners—with a squad that included only two returning members from the 1963 team. [9] In 1965, the CAF introduced a rule that limited the number of overseas players in each team to two. The rule persisted until 1982. [10]

The 1968 competition's final tournament format expanded to include eight of the 22 teams entered in the preliminary rounds. The qualifying teams were distributed in two groups of four to play single round-robin tournaments, with the top two teams of each group advancing to semi-finals, a system that remained in use for the finals until 1992. The Democratic Republic of Congo won its first title, beating Ghana in the final. Starting with the 1968 tournament, the competition was regularly held every two years in even-numbered years; this ended with the 2012 tournament, which was followed by a tournament in 2013, and successor editions in each odd-numbered year. Ivory Coast forward Laurent Pokou led the 1968 and 1970 tournaments in scoring, with six and eight goals respectively, and his total of 14 goals remained the all-time record until 2008. Play was covered for television for the first time during the 1970 tournament in Sudan, [9] as the hosts lifted the trophy after defeating Ghana - who were playing their fourth consecutive final.

1970s: A decade of champions

Six nations won titles from 1970 to 1980: Sudan, Congo-Brazzaville, Zaire, Morocco, Ghana, and Nigeria. Zaire's second title in the 1974 edition (it won its first as the Democratic Republic of Congo) came after facing Zambia in the final. For the only time to date in the history of the competition, the match had to be replayed as the first contest between the two sides ended in a 2–2 draw after extra time. The final was re-staged two days later with Zaire winning 2–0. Forward Mulamba Ndaye scored all four of Zaire's goals in these two matches: he was also the top scorer of the tournament with nine goals, setting a single-tournament record that remains unmatched. Three months earlier, Zaire had become the first Sub-Saharan African nation to qualify to the FIFA World Cup. Morocco won their first title in the 1976 ANC held in Ethiopia and Ghana took its third championship in 1978, becoming the first nation to win three titles.

1980s: Cameroonian domination

Between 1980 and 1990, Cameroon managed to reach the final of the Africa Cup three times in a row, winning the competition twice in 1984 and 1988 and losing once on penalties against Egypt in the 1986 edition, the other dominant team during this period was Algeria, along with their solid 1982 and decent 1986 World Cup appearances, the North African nation lost in the final against hosts Nigeria in the 1980 tournament allowing the Super Eagles to capture their first championship. After the 1980 edition, Algeria reached the semi finals of every edition except the 1986 cup until they eventually won the competition in 1990. Ghana's fourth continental title came in the 1982 cup tournament, where they beat host Libya in the final. The match ended in a 1–1 draw after 120 minutes and Ghana national football team won the penalty shootout to become champions.

1990s: The return of South Africa

In 1990, the 1990 African Cup of Nations was the 17th edition of the Africa Cup of Nations, the football championship of Africa (CAF). It was hosted by Algeria. Just like in 1988, the field of eight teams was split into two groups of four. Algeria won its first championship, beating Nigeria in the final 1–0. Nigeria lost once again as they made their third final appearance in four tournaments, this time falling to host Algeria.

The 1992 Cup of Nations expanded the number of final tournament participants to 12; the teams were divided into four groups of three, with the top two teams of each group advancing to quarter-finals. Ghanaian midfielder Abedi "Pele" Ayew, who scored three goals, was named the best player of the tournament after his contributions helped Ghana reach the final; he was, however, suspended for that match and Ghana lost to Ivory Coast in a penalty shootout that saw each side make 11 attempts to determine the winner. Ivory Coast set a record for the competition by holding each of their opponents scoreless in the six matches of the final tournament.

The 12-team, three-group format was used again two years later, where hosts Tunisia were humiliated by their first-round elimination. Nigeria, who had just qualified to the World Cup for the first time in their history, won the tournament, beating Zambia, who a year before had been struck by disaster when most of their national squad died in a plane crash while traveling to play a 1994 World Cup qualification match. Nigerian forward Rashidi Yekini, who had led the 1992 tournament with four goals, repeated as the top scorer with five goals.

South Africa hosted the 20th ACN competition in 1996, marking its first ever appearance after a decades-long ban was lifted with the end of apartheid in the country, which had been followed by a failed attempt to qualify in 1994. The number of final-round participants in 1996 was expanded to 16, split into four groups. However, the actual number of teams playing in the final was only 15, because Nigeria withdrew from the tournament at the final moment for political reasons. [11] Bafana Bafana won their first title on home soil, defeating Tunisia in the final. [12]

The South Africans would reach the final again two years later in Burkina Faso, but were unable to defend their title, losing to Egypt who claimed their fourth cup.

2000s: Egypt's unprecedented treble

The 2000 edition was hosted jointly by Ghana and Nigeria, who replaced the originally designated host Zimbabwe. Following a 2–2 draw after extra time in the final, Cameroon defeated Nigeria on penalty kicks. In 2002, Cameroon's Indomitable Lions won their the second consecutive title. This was the first repeat since Ghana had done it in the 1960s and after Egypt had done it before in 1957 and 1959.

Egypt against Cameroon at the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations Final. Africa cup final1.jpg
Egypt against Cameroon at the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations Final.

The Cameroonians beat first-time finalists Senegal, who also debuted in the World Cup later that year, via penalty kicks. Both finalists were eliminated in the quarter finals two years later in Tunisia, where the hosts won their first title, beating Morocco 2–1 in the final.

The 2006 tournament was also won by the hosts, Egypt, who reached a continental-record fifth title. Ahead of the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations several European clubs called for a rethink of the tournament's schedule. Given that it takes place during the European season, players who are involved miss several matches for their clubs. [13]

In January 2008, FIFA president Sepp Blatter announced that he wanted the tournament to be held in either June or July by 2016, to fit in the international calendar, although this would preclude many countries in central and west Africa from hosting the competition (for these months occur during their wet season). [14] The 2008 tournament was hosted by Ghana, and saw Egypt retain the trophy, winning its record-extending sixth tournament by defeating Cameroon 1–0 in the final. [15]

2010s: Switch to odd years

Nigeria players celebrate after winning the 2013 AFCON. A la coupe d'Afrique des Nations.jpg
Nigeria players celebrate after winning the 2013 AFCON.
Ivory Coast players celebrate after winning the 2015 AFCON. Acon final 2015 (16328813238).jpg
Ivory Coast players celebrate after winning the 2015 AFCON.
Cameroon players celebrate after winning the 2017 AFCON. Cameroon celebrating winning 2017 Africa Cup of Nations (cropped).jpg
Cameroon players celebrate after winning the 2017 AFCON.

Egypt set a new record in the 2010 tournament (hosted by Angola) by winning its third consecutive title in an unprecedented achievement on the African level after defeating Ghana 1–0 in the final, retaining the gold-plated cup indefinitely and extending its record to seven continental titles (including when Egypt was known as UAR between 1958 and 1961). [16] Egypt became the first African nation to win three consecutive cups and joined Mexico, Argentina, and Iran who also won their continent cup three times in a row. On 31 January 2010, Egypt set a new African record, not being defeated for 19 consecutive Cup of Nations matches, since a 2–1 loss against Algeria in Tunisia in 2004,[ citation needed ] and a record 9 consecutive win streak.[ citation needed ]

In May 2010, it was announced that the tournament would be moved to odd-numbered years from 2013 in order to prevent the tournament from taking place in the same year as the World Cup. It also meant there were two tournaments within twelve months in January 2012 [17] (co-hosted by Gabon and Equatorial Guinea) and January 2013 (hosted by South Africa). [7] The change of FIFA Confederations Cup from a biennial to a quadrennial tournament, and the switching of the Africa Cup of Nations from even to odd-number years, meant that some previous Africa Cup of Nations champions such as Egypt, Zambia, and Ivory Coast (winners of the 2010, 2012, and 2015 tournaments respectively) were deprived from participating in the Confederations Cup tournament.

In 2011, Morocco won the bid to host the 2015 edition, and Libya won the right to host the 2013 tournament, but the 2011 Libyan civil war prompted Libya and South Africa to trade years, with South Africa hosting in 2013 and Libya hosting in 2017. [18] Ongoing fighting in Libya ultimately prompted CAF to move the 2017 tournament to Gabon). [19]

In 2012, Zambia won the final after a penalty shootout against Ivory Coast. This drew increased media attention since the match took place in Gabon, only a few hundred meters from the crash site of the 1993 air disaster of their national team. The 2013 tournament was won by Nigeria, beating first time finalists Burkina Faso.

In 2014–15, the West African Ebola virus epidemic disrupted the tournament. [20] All football activities in Liberia were suspended, [21] and the Antoinette Tubman Stadium in Monrovia was converted into an Ebola treatment unit. [22] The 2015 Africa Cup of Nations was scheduled to be held in Morocco, but they refused to hold the tournament on the allotted dates due to concerns of the Ebola outbreak, so it was moved to Equatorial Guinea. [23]

In July 2016, Total secured the rights to an eight-year sponsorship package to support 10 of CAF's principal competitions. This began with the 2017 Africa Cup of Nations in Gabon which was renamed the "Total Africa Cup of Nations". [24]

Since 2019: Tournament expansion

Under Ahmad Ahmad's presidency, there were discussions regarding further changes to the Africa Cup of Nations. In July 2017, two changes were proposed: [25] [26] switching the timing of the competition from January to the Northern Hemisphere summer and expanding from 16 to 24 teams (effective from the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations). On 20 July 2017, the CAF Executive Commission approved the propositions at a meeting in Rabat, Morocco. [5]

Algeria won the African Cup of Nations 2019, achieving a 1–0 victory against Senegal in the final. The title was Algeria's second ever and first since 1990. Nigeria came third after beating Tunisia 1–0 in their third-place decider match. [27] The prize money awarded to the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations winner amounted to $4.5 million while runners-up Senegal got $2.5 million.. [28] [29]

Match days 3 and 4 of the 2021 Africa Cup of Nations qualifiers, which was slated from 25 to 30 March 2020, were postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. [30] The 2021 Africa Cup of Nations tournament, hosted by Cameroon, and was postponed to 2022 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Confederation of African Football increased the cash prize for the winner from $4.5 million to $5 million for 2021 Africa Cup of Nations while the second best team will get $2.75 million. [31] Senegal won the tournament for the first time after beating Egypt on penalties in the final. [32]

Format

Since the 1962 edition, this competition has been held in two phases: a qualification phase (or called the elimination phase) and a final tournament. The host country of the final tournament is automatically qualified, and in the first editions the defending champion was also qualified for the following tournament.

Qualifying

Map of countries times titles as of 2021 Africa Cup of Nations. Africa cup of Nations champions as of 2019.png
Map of countries times titles as of 2021 Africa Cup of Nations.

The qualification phase has evolved over time according to the increasing number of nations affiliated to the Confederation of African Football (CAF). It was set up from 1962, during the first two editions of the Africa Cup of Nations, the founding nations of the CAF participated in the final tournament, namely Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan (South Africa was excluded just after its foundation due to Apartheid).

In 1962, new nations were affiliated and forced CAF to set up a qualifying phase for the final tournament in the form of knockout matches. This system was used until the 1992 edition, when the organization of the qualifying phase became closer to that of the UEFA European Championship, with qualifying groups of four to seven teams depending on the editions where each selection plays a round-trip opposition against each of its opponents, the qualified country being decided according to its classification within its group.

Final phase

Only the hosts received an automatic qualification spot, with the other 23 teams qualifying through a qualification tournament. At the finals, the 24 teams were drawn into six groups of four teams each. The teams in each group played a single round robin.

After the group stage, the top two teams and the four best third-placed teams advanced to the round of 16. The winners advanced to the quarter-finals. The winners of the quarter-finals advanced to the semi-finals. The losers of the semi-finals played in a third place play-off, while winners of the semi-finals played in the final. [33]

Trophy and medals

The current trophy. Finales CAN 2021 (137).jpg
The current trophy.

Throughout the history of the Africa Cup of Nations, three trophies have been awarded to the winners of the competition. The original trophy, made of silver, was the Abdelaziz Abdallah Salem Trophy, named after the first CAF president, Egyptian Abdelaziz Abdallah Salem. As the first winner of three Africa Cup of Nations tournaments, Ghana obtained the right to permanently hold the trophy in 1978. [34]

The second trophy was awarded from 1980 to 2000, and was named "Trophy of African Unity" [35] or "African Unity Cup". [34] It was given to CAF by the Supreme Council for Sports in Africa prior to the 1980 tournament and it was a cylindrical piece with the Olympic rings over a map of the continent engraved on it. It sat on a squared base and had stylized triangular handles. Cameroon won the Unity Cup indefinitely after they became three-time champions in 2000.

In 2001, the third trophy was revealed, a gold-plated cup designed and made in Italy. [34] Cameroon, permanent holders of the previous trophy, were the first nation to be awarded the new trophy after they won the 2002 edition. Egypt won the gold-plated cup indefinitely after they became three-time champions in 2010. Unlike previous winners who would have then taken the trophy home, Egypt were presented with a special full size replica that they were allowed to keep. The winner of each edition receives a replica whose dimensions are equal to that of the original trophy.

CAF give 30 gold medals to the winning team, 30 silver medals to the runners-up, 30 bronze medals to the team ranked third and 30 diplomas to the team ranked fourth in the final tournament.

Results

Keys
Ed.YearHostFirst place gameThird place gameNum.
teams
Gold medal icon.svg ChampionScoreSilver medal icon.svg Runner-upBronze medal icon.svg ThirdScoreFourth
1 1957 Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg  Sudan Flag of Egypt (1952-1958).svg
Egypt
4–0 Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg
Ethiopia
Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg
Sudan
w/o Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg
South Africa
3/4 [n 1]
2 1959 Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg  United Arab Republic Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg
United Arab Republic
2–1 [n 2] Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg
Sudan
Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg
Ethiopia
[n 3]
3
3 1962 Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg  Ethiopia Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg
Ethiopia
4–2 ( a.e.t. )Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg
United Arab Republic
Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg
Tunisia
3–0Flag of the Uganda Protectorate.svg
Uganda
4
4 1963 Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
3–0 Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg
Sudan
Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg
United Arab Republic
3–0Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg
Ethiopia
6
5 1965 Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg  Tunisia Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
3–2 ( a.e.t. )Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg
Tunisia
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
1–0Flag of Senegal.svg
Senegal
6
6 1968 Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg  Ethiopia Flag of Congo-Kinshasa (1966-1971).svg
DR Congo
1–0 Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
1–0Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg
Ethiopia
8
7 1970 Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg  Sudan Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg
Sudan
1–0 Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg
United Arab Republic
3–1Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
8
8 1972 Flag of Cameroon (1961-1975).svg  Cameroon Flag of the People's Republic of the Congo.svg
PR Congo
3–2 Flag of Mali.svg
Mali
Flag of Cameroon (1961-1975).svg
Cameroon
5–2Flag of Zaire (1971-1997).svg
Zaire
8
9 1974 Flag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg  Egypt Flag of Zaire (1971-1997).svg
Zaire
2–2 ( a.e.t. )
2–0 (replay)
Flag of Zambia (1964-1996).svg
Zambia
Flag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg
Egypt
4–0Flag of the People's Republic of the Congo.svg
PR Congo
8
10 1976 Flag of Ethiopia (1975-1987).svg  Ethiopia Flag of Morocco.svg
Morocco
1–1 [n 4] Flag of Guinea.svg
Guinea
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
3–2 [n 4] Flag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg
Egypt
8
11 1978 Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
2–0 Flag of Uganda.svg
Uganda
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
2–0 [n 5] Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg
Tunisia
8
12 1980 Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
3–0 Flag of Algeria.svg
Algeria
Flag of Morocco.svg
Morocco
2–0Flag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg
Egypt
8
13 1982 Flag of Libya (1977-2011).svg  Libya Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
1–1 ( a.e.t. )
(7–6 p )
Flag of Libya (1977-2011).svg
Libya
Flag of Zambia (1964-1996).svg
Zambia
2–0Flag of Algeria.svg
Algeria
8
14 1984 Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
3–1 Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
Flag of Algeria.svg
Algeria
3–1Flag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg
Egypt
8
15 1986 Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt
0–0 ( a.e.t. )
(5–4 p )
Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
3–2Flag of Morocco.svg
Morocco
8
16 1988 Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
1–0 Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
Flag of Algeria.svg
Algeria
1–1( a.e.t. )
(4–3 p )
Flag of Morocco.svg
Morocco
8
17 1990 Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria Flag of Algeria.svg
Algeria
1–0 Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
Flag of Zambia (1964-1996).svg
Zambia
1–0Flag of Senegal.svg
Senegal
8
18 1992 Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
0–0 ( a.e.t. )
(11–10 p )
Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
2–1Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
12
19 1994 Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
2–1 Flag of Zambia (1964-1996).svg
Zambia
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
3–1Flag of Mali.svg
Mali
12
20 1996 Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa
2–0 Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg
Tunisia
Flag of Zambia.svg
Zambia
1–0Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
15/16 [n 6]
21 1998 Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt
2–0 Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg (1997-2003).svg
DR Congo
4–4( a.e.t. )
(4–1 p )
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg
Burkina Faso
16
22 2000 Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
2–2 ( a.e.t. )
(4–3 p )
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa
2–2( a.e.t. )
(4–3 p )
Flag of Tunisia.svg
Tunisia
16
23 2002 Flag of Mali.svg  Mali Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
0–0 ( a.e.t. )
(3–2 p )
Flag of Senegal.svg
Senegal
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
1–0Flag of Mali.svg
Mali
16
24 2004 Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Flag of Tunisia.svg
Tunisia
2–1 Flag of Morocco.svg
Morocco
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
3–1Flag of Mali.svg
Mali
16
25 2006 Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt
0–0 ( a.e.t. )
(4–2 p )
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
1–0Flag of Senegal.svg
Senegal
16
26 2008 Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt
1–0 Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
4–2Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
16
27 2010 Flag of Angola.svg  Angola Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt
1–0 Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
1–0Flag of Algeria.svg
Algeria
15/16 [n 7]
28 2012 Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea
Flag of Zambia.svg
Zambia
0–0 ( a.e.t. )
(8–7 p )
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
Flag of Mali.svg
Mali
2–0Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
16
29 2013 Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
1–0 Flag of Burkina Faso.svg
Burkina Faso
Flag of Mali.svg
Mali
3–1Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
16
30 2015 Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
0–0 ( a.e.t. )
(9–8 p )
Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
DR Congo
0–0
(4–2 p )
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg
Equatorial Guinea
16
31 2017 Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
2–1 Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg
Burkina Faso
1–0Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
16
32 2019 Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Flag of Algeria.svg
Algeria
1–0 Flag of Senegal.svg
Senegal
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
1–0Flag of Tunisia.svg
Tunisia
24
33 2021 Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon Flag of Senegal.svg
Senegal
0–0 ( a.e.t. )
(4–2 p )
Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt
Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
3–3
(5–3 p )
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg
Burkina Faso
24
34 2023 Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast TBDTBD24
35 2025 TBDTBDTBD24
Notes
  1. South Africa were disqualified from the tournament due to the country's apartheid policies.
  2. There was no official Africa Cup of Nations final match in 1959. The tournament winner was decided by a final round-robin group contested by three teams (United Arab Republic, Sudan, and Ethiopia). Coincidentally, the last match of the tournament pitted the two top ranked teams against each other, with United Arab Republic's 2–1 victory over Sudan thus often being considered the de facto final of the 1959 Africa Cup of Nations.
  3. No third place game so only three teams participated in the tournament.
  4. 1 2 There was no official African Cup of Nations final match in 1976. The tournament winner was decided by a final round-robin group contested by four teams (Morocco, Guinea, Nigeria, and Egypt). Coincidentally, one of the last two matches of the tournament pitted the two top ranked teams against each other, with Morocco's 1–1 draw with Guinea thus often being considered the de facto final of the 1976 African Cup of Nations. Likewise, the game between the lowest ranked teams, played on the same day as Morocco vs Guinea, can be considered equal to a 3rd place match, with Nigeria's 3–2 victory over Egypt ensuring that they finished third.
  5. The third-place match was tied 1–1 when the Tunisian team withdrew from the field in the 42nd minute in protest at the officiating. Nigeria were awarded a 2–0 walkover. [36]
  6. Nigeria withdrew prior to the start of the finals. Guinea, as the best side to not qualify, were offered Nigeria's spot in the finals, but declined due to a lack of preparation time.
  7. Togo withdrew from the competition after their bus was attacked by gunmen in Cabinda, Angola. Following their departure from Angola, Togo were formally disqualified from the tournament after failing to fulfil their opening Group B game against Ghana on 11 January.

Summary

Years shown in bold indicate that the country also hosted that tournament.

TeamWinnersRunners-upThird placeFourth placeTotal
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 7 (1957, 1959 1 , 1986 , 1998, 2006 , 2008, 2010)3 (1962 1 , 2017, 2021)3 (1963 1 , 1970 1 , 1974 )3 (1976, 1980, 1984)16
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 5 (1984, 1988, 2000, 2002, 2017)2 (1986, 2008)2 ( 1972 , 2021 )1 (1992)10
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 4 ( 1963 , 1965, 1978 , 1982)5 (1968, 1970, 1992, 2010, 2015)1 ( 2008 )4 (1996, 2012, 2013, 2017)14
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 3 ( 1980 , 1994, 2013)4 (1984, 1988, 1990, 2000 )8 (1976, 1978, 1992, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2010, 2019)15
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 2 (1992, 2015)2 (2006, 2012)4 (1965, 1968, 1986, 1994)2 (1970, 2008)10
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 2 ( 1990 , 2019)1 (1980)2 (1984, 1988)2 (1982, 2010)7
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  DR Congo 2 (1968 2 , 1974 3 )2 (1998, 2015)1 (1972 3 )5
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia 1 (2012)2 (1974, 1994)3 (1982, 1990, 1996)6
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 1 ( 2004 )2 ( 1965 , 1996)1 (1962)3 (1978, 2000, 2019)7
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan 1 ( 1970 )2 (1959, 1963)1 ( 1957 )4
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 1 (2021)2 (2002, 2019)3 (1965, 1990, 2006)6
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 1 ( 1962 )1 (1957)1 (1959)2 (1963, 1968 )5
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 1 (1976)1 (2004)1 (1980)2 (1986, 1988 )5
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 1 ( 1996 )1 (1998)1 (2000)3
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Congo 1 (1972)1 (1974)2
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali 1 (1972)2 (2012, 2013)3 (1994, 2002 , 2004)6
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso 1 (2013)1 (2017)2 ( 1998 , 2021)4
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda 1 (1978)1 (1962)2
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea 1 (1976)1
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya 1 ( 1982 )1
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea 1 ( 2015 )1

1 as United Arab Republic
2 as Congo-Kinshasa
3 as Zaire

All-time record

Countries coloured according to their highest ever achievement at the Africa Cup of Nations.
.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}
Champion
Runner-up
Third place
Fourth place
Quarter-finals
Round of 16
Group stage Africa map - Africa Cup of Nations performances.png
Countries coloured according to their highest ever achievement at the Africa Cup of Nations.
  Champion
  Runner-up
  Third place
  Fourth place
  Quarter-finals
  Round of 16
  Group stage
TournamentsMatchesGoals scoredGoals per match
1957 273.50
1959 382.67
1962 4184.50
1963 8334.13
1965 8313.88
1968 16523.25
1970 16513.19
1972 16533.31
1974 17543.18
1976 18543.00
1978 16382.38
1980 16332.06
1982 16322.00
1984 16392.44
1986 16311.94
1988 16231.44
1990 16301.88
1992 20341.70
1994 20442.20
1996 29782.69
1998 32932.91
2000 32732.28
2002 32481.50
2004 32882.75
2006 32732.28
2008 32993.09
2010 29712.45
2012 32762.38
2013 32692.16
2015 32682.13
2017 32662.06
2019 521021.96
2021 521001.92

Champions by region

Regional federationChampion(s)Title(s)
UNAF (North Africa) Egypt (7), Algeria (2), Morocco (1), Tunisia (1)11
WAFU (West Africa) Ghana (4), Nigeria (3), Ivory Coast (2), Senegal (1)10
UNIFFAC (Central Africa) Cameroon (5), DR Congo (2), Congo (1)8
CECAFA (East Africa) Ethiopia (1), Sudan (1)2
COSAFA (Southern Africa) South Africa (1), Zambia (1)2

Consecutive championships

Teams that have won the Africa Cup of Nations consecutively and have become two-time champions (two consecutive titles) or three-time champions (three consecutive titles).

TeamTwo championshipsThree championships
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 1: (1957, 1959)1: (2006, 2008, 2010)
Ghana flag 1964.svg  Ghana 1: (1963, 1965)
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 1: (2000, 2002)

Bold indicate tournament hosts

Records and statistics

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Confederation of African Football</span> Governing body of association football in Africa

The Confederation of African Football, or CAF for short, is the administrative and controlling body for association football, futsal and beach soccer in Africa. It was established on 8 February 1957 at the Grand Hotel in Khartoum, Sudan by the national football associations of Egypt, Ethiopia, South Africa and Sudan, following formal discussions between the aforementioned associations at the FIFA Congress held on 7 June 1956 at Avenida Hotel in Lisbon, Portugal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cameroon national football team</span> Mens national association football team representing Cameroon

The Cameroon national football team, also known as the Indomitable Lions, represents Cameroon in men's international football. It is controlled by the Fédération Camerounaise de Football. The team has qualified eight times for the FIFA World Cup, more than any other African team (in 1982, 1990, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2010, 2014 and 2022. However, the team has only made it once out of the group stage. They were the first African team to reach the quarter-final of the FIFA World Cup in 1990, losing to England in extra time. They have also won five Africa Cup of Nations and Olympic gold in 2000. The team represents Cameroon both in FIFA and Confederation of African Football.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nigeria national football team</span> Mens national association football team representing Nigeria

The Nigeria national football team represents Nigeria in men's international football. Governed by the Nigeria Football Federation (NFF), they are three-time Africa Cup of Nations winners, with their most recent title in 2013. In April 1994, the Nigerian national football team was ranked 5th in the FIFA rankings, the highest FIFA ranking position ever achieved by an African football team. Throughout history, the team has qualified for six of the last eight FIFA World Cups, missing only the 2006 edition and 2022 edition. They have reached the round of 16 on three occasions. Their first World Cup appearance was the 1994 edition. The team represents FIFA and Confederation of African Football (CAF).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Morocco national football team</span> Mens national association football team representing Morocco

The Morocco national football team, nicknamed "the Atlas Lions", represents Morocco in men's international football competitions. It is controlled by the Royal Moroccan Football Federation, also known as FRMF. The team's colours are red and green. The team is a member of both FIFA and the Confederation of African Football (CAF).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Algeria national football team</span> Mens national football team of Algeria

The Algeria national football team represents Algeria in men's international football and is governed by the Algerian Football Federation. The team plays their home matches at the Mustapha Tchaker Stadium in Blida and 5 July Stadium in Algiers. Algeria joined FIFA on 1 January 1964, a year and a half after gaining independence. They are the current champions of the FIFA Arab Cup.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2008 Africa Cup of Nations</span> International football competition

The 2008 Africa Cup of Nations, also known as the MTN Africa Cup of Nations due to the competition's sponsorship by MTN, was the 26th edition of the Africa Cup of Nations, the biennial football tournament for nations affiliated to the Confederation of African Football (CAF). The tournament was staged at four venues around Ghana between 20 January and 10 February 2008. This was the last Africa Cup of Nations to use the old CAF logo.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2010 Africa Cup of Nations</span> International football competition

The 2010 Africa Cup of Nations, also known as the Orange Africa Cup of Nations for sponsorship reasons, was the 27th Africa Cup of Nations, the biennial football championship of Africa (CAF). It was held in Angola, where it began on 10 January 2010 and concluded on 31 January.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2012 Africa Cup of Nations</span> International football competition

The 2012 Africa Cup of Nations, also known as the Orange Africa Cup of Nations for sponsorship reasons, was the 28th edition of the Africa Cup of Nations, the football championship of Africa organized by the Confederation of African Football (CAF).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mohamed Aboutrika</span> Egyptian retired professional footballer

Mohamed Mohamed Mohamed Aboutrika is an Egyptian retired professional footballer who played as an attacking midfielder and a forward. He came second in the African Footballer of the Year award in 2008 after Emmanuel Adebayor, and was one of five nominees for the 2006 award, and one of the ten nominated for the 2013 award.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">African nations at the FIFA World Cup</span>

Association football is the most popular sport in nearly every African country, and thirteen members of the Confederation of African Football (CAF) have competed at the sport's biggest event – the men's FIFA World Cup.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2015 Africa Cup of Nations</span> International football competition

The 2015 Africa Cup of Nations, known as the Orange Africa Cup of Nations, Equatorial Guinea 2015 for sponsorship reasons, was the 30th staging of the Africa Cup of Nations, the international men's football championship of Africa. It was organized by the Confederation of African Football (CAF) and was held from 17 January to 8 February 2015.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2017 Africa Cup of Nations</span> International football competition

The 2017 Africa Cup of Nations, known as the Total2017 Africa Cup of Nations for sponsorship reasons, was the 31st edition of the Africa Cup of Nations, the biennial international men's football championship of Africa organized by the Confederation of African Football (CAF). The tournament was scheduled to be hosted by Libya, until CAF rescinded its hosting rights in August 2014 due to the Second Libyan civil war. The tournament was instead hosted by Gabon. This event was also part of the Africa Cup of Nations 60th Anniversary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">African Nations Championship</span> African national team football tournament for homegrown players

The African Nations Championship, known as the TotalEnergies African Nations Championship for sponsorship purposes, is a biennial African national association football tournament organized by the Confederation of African Football (CAF) and first announced on 11 September 2007. The participating nations must consist of players playing in their national league competitions.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Africa U-20 Cup of Nations</span> Football tournament

The U-20 Africa Cup of Nations also called TotalEnergies U-20 Africa Cup of Nations for sponsoring reason is the main international youth football competition for CAF nations, and is competed for by under 20 year olds. It is held every two years with the top 4 teams qualifying for the FIFA U-20 World Cup.

This is a list of records and statistics of clubs and players who have taken part in the Africa Cup of Nations, a football tournament sanctioned by the Confederation of African Football (CAF).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2019 Africa Cup of Nations</span> International football competition

The 2019 Africa Cup of Nations, known as the Total2019 Africa Cup of Nations for sponsorship reasons, was the 32nd edition of the Africa Cup of Nations, the biennial international men's football championship of Africa organized by the Confederation of African Football (CAF). The tournament was hosted by Egypt. The competition was held from 21 June to 19 July 2019, as per the decision of the CAF Executive Committee on 20 July 2017 to move the Africa Cup of Nations from January/February to June/July for the first time. It was also the first Africa Cup of Nations expanded from 16 to 24 teams.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Football in Africa</span>

Football is the most popular sport in Africa. Indeed, football is probably the most popular sport in every African country, although rugby and cricket are also very popular in South Africa.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2018 Women's Africa Cup of Nations</span> International football competition

The 2018 Women's Africa Cup of Nations was the 13th edition of the Africa Women Cup of Nations, the biennial international football championship organised by the Confederation of African Football (CAF) for the women's national teams of Africa. The tournament was held in Ghana, from 17 November to 1 December 2018.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2021 Africa Cup of Nations Final</span> Football match

The 2021 Africa Cup of Nations Final was a football match that determined the winner of the 2021 Africa Cup of Nations, the international men's football championship of Africa, organized by the Confederation of African Football (CAF) which was played between Senegal and Egypt. The match was held at the Olembe Stadium in Yaoundé, Cameroon, on 6 February 2022. Senegal qualified for the knockout stages by finishing at the top of their group with five points. They reached the final by beating Equatorial Guinea and Burkina Faso in the quarter-final and semi-final respectively. Egypt finished second in Group D behind Nigeria. They defeated Morocco in the quarter-finals, and then knocked out hosts Cameroon on penalties.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of the Tunisia national football team</span>

The Tunisia national football team is the national team that represents Tunisia in men's international football, since it played its first match on 2 June 1957 against Libya, which ended with Tunisia winning 4–2. It is a member team of the FIFA internationally and the Confederation of African Football (CAF) on the continent. It is supervised by the Tunisian Football Federation, which was established on 29 March 1957, after Tunisia's independence. Jalel Kadri has been coaching the team since 30 January 2022, accompanied by his assistants Ali Boumnijel and Selim Benachour. The Tunisian national team is nicknamed the Eagles of Carthage, The team's colors are red and white, similar to the colors of the Tunisian flag, and its symbol is the Bald eagle. There have been periods of regular Tunisian representation at the highest international level: from 1962 to 1978, from 1994 to 2008 and again from 2014 onwards. Most of its matches have been played since 2001 at the Stade Hammadi Agrebi which is located in the city of Radès, in the southern suburbs of the capital, Tunis. It has a capacity of 60,000 spectators. The Tunisian national team participated in three major football competitions every four years, appeared in the final stages of five FIFA World Cups and twenty participations in the Africa Cup of Nations, and participated in four editions of the Olympic football tournaments. Nevertheless, Tunisia created history in the 1978 World Cup in Argentina, when it became the first African and Arab team to win a World Cup match by defeating Mexico 3–1 in Tunisia's first match in the competition, and a negative tie with defending champions West Germany, before being eliminated from the group stage, which led finally to an addition of a second team from Africa in the world Cup. After that, the team has qualified for three consecutive tournaments, in 1998 in France, 2002 in South Korea and Japan and 2006 in Germany, before returning to the 2018 edition in Russia. But despite this historical record, Tunisia has never succeeded in qualifying for the second round of the World Cup or the Summer Olympics. In terms of rivalry, the Tunisian national football team plays against North African teams such as Egypt, Morocco, and Algeria. In fact, the Tunisian national team played with them many matches, whether through friendly matches, World Cup qualifiers, Africa Cup of Nations, African Nations Championship and African Nations Cup qualifiers. Tunisia is one of the most successful national teams in African competitions, having won the Africa Cup of Nations at home in 2004, after defeating Morocco in the final. It also achieved the final in 1965 as hosts and 1996 in South Africa. And it achieved third place in the 1962 edition. The Tunisian team also won the African Nations Championship its first participation in the 2011 edition that was held in Sudan.

References

  1. "Live score: Cameroon v Burkina Faso (African Cup of Nations) - News - AFCON 2021". Ahram Online. Retrieved 9 January 2022.
  2. "AFCON 2021: Teams and players to watch, start and final date". MARCA. 9 January 2022. Retrieved 9 January 2022.
  3. "Africa Cup of Nations | History, Winners, Trophy, & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  4. "African Cup of Nations - How it all began". BBC Sport. 14 December 2001. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
  5. 1 2 "Africa Cup of Nations moved to June and July and expanded to 24 teams". BBC Sport. 20 July 2017.
  6. Paul Reidy (8 January 2022), "Which national team has won the Africa Cup of Nations most times?", en.as.com
  7. 1 2 "Africa Cup of Nations Cup to move to odd-numbered years". BBC Sport. 16 May 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
  8. "African Nations Cup - How it all began". BBC Sport. 14 December 2001. Retrieved 9 March 2007.
  9. 1 2 "The early years". BBC Sport. 16 January 2004. Retrieved 9 March 2007.
  10. Macdonald, Tom (2010). The World Encyclopedia of Football:A Complete Guide to the Beautiful Game. London: Hermes House. p. 61.
  11. Gleeson, Mark (12 October 2004). "SA to meet Nigeria". BBC Sport. Retrieved 10 December 2007.
  12. "African Cup of Nations: 1980-2002". BBC Sport. 16 January 2004. Retrieved 11 March 2007.
  13. Hassan, Nabil (12 December 2007). "Clubs want African Cup rethink". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  14. "Blatter wants Cup of Nations move". BBC Sport. 18 January 2008. Archived from the original on 19 January 2008. Retrieved 18 January 2008.
  15. "Ghana 2008 all results". International Football Journalism. 10 February 2008. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
  16. "Ghana 0-1 Egypt". BBC Sport. 31 January 2010. Archived from the original on 1 February 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
  17. "Equatorial Guinea: Ahead of AU Summit, Government Curtails Political Rights, Disregards Social Needs". Press Release. Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  18. BBC Sport. "South Africa replace Libya as 2013 Nations Cup hosts". BBC, 28 September 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
  19. "Libya stripped of right to host 2017 Nations Cup". Eurosport. 23 August 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  20. Longman, Jeré (11 November 2014). "Africa Cup Disrupted by Ebola Concerns". The New York Times .
  21. "Ebola outbreak: Liberia suspends football". BBC News. 29 July 2014.
  22. "Liberia football ground converted into Ebola treatment centre". liberiansoccer.com. Archived from the original on 13 November 2014.
  23. "2015 Nations Cup: Equatorial Guinea to host tournament". BBC Sport.
  24. "Total to sponsor CAF competitions for the next eight years". Africa News. Africa News. 21 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  25. "Infantino in Rabat as CAF mulls 24 –team AFCON". Nigeria Football Ffederation. 18 July 2017.
  26. "Potential changes to Africa Cup of Nations high on agenda at key CAF symposium". Inside the Games. 17 July 2017.
  27. "Algeria win Africa Cup of Nations". BBC Sport. Retrieved 22 June 2021.
  28. "Le vainqueur de la CAN 2019 empochera une prime de 4 millions d'euros". Football365. Football365. 14 April 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  29. "How much will the winners of the Africa Cup of Nations receive?". finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  30. "CAF postpones 2021 AFCON qualifiers". Graphic Online. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  31. "How much will the winners of the Africa Cup of Nations receive?". finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  32. "Senegal 0 Egypt 0 (4-1 pn pens)". BBC Sport. 6 February 2022. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  33. "Regulations of the Africa Cup of Nations" (PDF). Confederation of African Football.
  34. 1 2 3 "Nations Cup trophy revealed". BBC Sport. 25 September 2001. Retrieved 16 March 2007.
  35. "The Great Adventure of African Football". FIFA.com. FIFA. 1 December 1997. Archived from the original on 7 January 2008. Retrieved 16 March 2007.
  36. "16 March 1978 - The Eagles Of Carthage Get Grounded". thisdayinfootballhistory.blogspot.com. 16 March 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2013.

Further reading