Africa Cup of Nations

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Africa Cup of Nations
Africa Cup of Nation official logo.png
Founded1957;62 years ago (1957)
RegionAfrica (CAF)
Number of teams24
Related competitions FIFA Confederations Cup
Current championsFlag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon (5th title)
Most successful team(s)Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt (7 titles)
Website www.cafonline.com
Soccerball current event.svg 2019 Africa Cup of Nations

The CAF Africa Cup of Nations, officially CAN (French : Coupe d'Afrique des Nations), also referred to as AFCON, or Total Africa Cup of Nations for sponsorship reasons, is the main international association football competition in Africa. It is sanctioned by the Confederation of African Football (CAF) and was first held in 1957. Since 1968, it has been held every two years. The title holders at the time of a FIFA Confederations Cup qualify for that competition.

French language Romance language

French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Confederation of African Football governing body of association football in Africa

The Confederation of African Football or CAF is the administrative and controlling body for African association football.

Contents

In 1957 there were only three participating nations: Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia. South Africa was originally scheduled to compete, but were disqualified due to the apartheid policies of the government then in power. [1] Since then, the tournament has grown greatly, making it necessary to hold a qualifying tournament. The number of participants in the final tournament reached 16 in 1998 (16 teams were to compete in 1996 but Nigeria withdrew, reducing the field to 15, and the same happened with Togo's withdrawal in 2010), and until 2017, the format had been unchanged, with the sixteen teams being drawn into four groups of four teams each, with the top two teams of each group advancing to a "knock-out" stage. On 20 July 2017, the Africa Cup of Nations was moved from January to June and expanded from 16 to 24 teams. [2]

Egypt national football team mens national association football team representing Egypt

The Egypt national football team, known colloquially as The Pharaohs, represents Egypt in men's International association football and is governed by the Egyptian Football Association (EFA) founded in 1921, the governing body for football in Egypt. The team's historical stadium is Cairo International Stadium but since 2012 the team has played most home games at Borg El Arab Stadium in Alexandria. Between 1958 and 1961, the team combined with Syria to form the United Arab Republic national football team, although the team's records are attributed only to Egypt by FIFA.

Sudan national football team national association football team

The Sudan national football team represents Sudan in association football and is controlled by the Sudan Football Association, the governing body for football in Sudan. Sudan's home ground is Khartoum Stadium in Khartoum. Sudan were one of the three teams to participate in the inaugural Africa Cup of Nations in 1957, the other two being Egypt and Ethiopia.

Ethiopia national football team mens national association football team representing Ethiopia

The Ethiopia national football team—nicknamed "Walias," after the Walia ibex, represents Ethiopia in association football and is presided over by the Ethiopian Football Federation, the governing body for football in Ethiopia. The team has been representing Ethiopia in regional, continental, and international competitions since its founding in 1943. The Walias play their home games at Addis Ababa Stadium located in the capital city of Addis Ababa. They are currently ranked 150th in the world according to the FIFA World Rankings and 44th in CAF.

Egypt is the most successful nation in the cup's history, winning the tournament a record of seven times (including when Egypt was known as the United Arab Republic between 1958 and 1961). Three different trophies have been awarded during the tournament's history, with Ghana and Cameroon winning the first two versions to keep after each of them won a tournament three times. The current trophy was first awarded in 2002 and with Egypt winning it indefinitely after winning their unprecedented third consecutive title in 2010.

United Arab Republic Former country in the Middle East

The United Arab Republic was a sovereign state in the Middle East from 1958 to 1971. It was initially a political union between Egypt and Syria from 1958 until Syria seceded from the union after the 1961 Syrian coup d'état, leaving a rump state. Egypt continued to be known officially as the United Arab Republic until 1971.

Ghana national football team mens national association football team representing Ghana

The Ghana national football team represents Ghana in international association football and has done so since the 1950s. The team is nicknamed the Black Stars after the Black Star of Africa in the flag of Ghana. It is administered by the Ghana Football Association, the governing body for football in Ghana and the oldest football association in Africa. Prior to 1957, the team played as the Gold Coast.

Cameroon national football team Mens national association football team representing Cameroon

The Cameroon national football team, nicknamed in French Les Lions Indomptables, is the national team of Cameroon. It is controlled by the Fédération Camerounaise de Football and has qualified seven times for the FIFA World Cup, more than any other African team. However, the team has only made it once out of the group stage. They were the first African team to reach the quarter-final of the World Cup, in 1990, losing to England in extra time. They have also won five Africa Cup of Nations titles.and Olympic gold in 2000

As of 2013, the tournament was switched to being held in odd-numbered years so as not to clash with the FIFA World Cup. [3]

FIFA World Cup association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

History

1950s–60s: Origin and early years

The origin of the African Nations Cup dates from June 1956, when the creation of the Confederation of African Football was proposed during the third FIFA congress in Lisbon. There were immediate plans for a continental tournament to be held and, in February 1957, the first African Cup of Nations was held in Khartoum, Sudan. There was no qualification for this tournament, the field being made up of the four founding nations of CAF (Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, and South Africa). South Africa's insistence on selecting only white players for their squad due to its apartheid policy led to its disqualification, and as a consequence Ethiopia were handed a bye straight to the final. [4] Hence, only two matches were played, with Egypt being crowned as the first continental champion after defeating hosts Sudan in the semi-final and Ethiopia in the final. Two years later Egypt hosted the second ANC in Cairo with the participation of the same three teams. Host and defending champions Egypt again won, after defeating Sudan.

Lisbon Capital city in Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Portugal

Lisbon is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 505,526 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2. Its urban area extends beyond the city's administrative limits with a population of around 2.8 million people, being the 11th-most populous urban area in the European Union. About 3 million people live in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, including the Portuguese Riviera,. It is mainland Europe's westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. Lisbon lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the River Tagus. The westernmost areas of its metro area form the westernmost point of Continental Europe, which is known as Cabo da Roca, located in the Sintra Mountains.

Khartoum City in Sudan

Khartoum is the capital and largest city of Sudan. It is located at the confluence of the White Nile, flowing north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, flowing west from Ethiopia. The location where the two Niles meet is known as "al-Mogran". The main Nile continues to flow north towards Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea.

Caucasian race grouping of human beings

The Caucasian race is a grouping of human beings historically regarded as a biological taxon, which, depending on which of the historical race classifications is used, has usually included some or all of the ancient and modern populations of Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa.

The field grew to include nine teams for the third ANC in 1962 in Addis Ababa, and for the first time there was a qualification round to determine which four teams would play for the title. Host Ethiopia and reigning champion Egypt received automatic berths, and were joined in the final four by Nigeria and Tunisia. Egypt made its third consecutive final appearance, but it was Ethiopia that emerged as victors, after first beating Tunisia and then downing Egypt in extra time.

Addis Ababa Capital in Ethiopia

Addis Ababa is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia. According to the 2007 census, the city has a population of 2,739,551 inhabitants.

The Nigeria national football team, also known as the Super Eagles, represents Nigeria in international association football and is controlled by the Nigeria Football Federation (NFF). They are three-time Africa Cup of Nations winners, with their recent title in 2013, after defeating Burkina Faso in the final.

The Tunisia national football team, is the national team representing Tunisia in association football since their maiden match in 1957. The squad is under the global jurisdiction of FIFA and is governed in Africa by CAF. It is governed by the Tunisian Football Federation, founded in 1957 after the Tunisian independence in 1956. Tunisia are colloquially known as Les Aigles de Carthage. The team's colours are red and white, and the Bald eagle its symbol. Periods of regular Tunisian representation at the highest international level, from 1962 to 1978, from 1994 to 2008 and again from 2014 onwards. Most of Tunisia's home matches are played at the Stade Olympique de Radès in Radès since 2001.

1960s: Ghanaian domination

In 1963, Ghana made its first appearance as it hosted the event, and won the title after beating Sudan in the final. They repeated that as they became champions two years later in Tunisia—equalling Egypt as two-time winners—with a squad that included only two returning members from the 1963 team. [5]

In 1965, the CAF introduced a rule that limit the number of overseas players in each team to two. The rule persisted to 1982. [6]

The 1968 competition's final tournament format expanded to include eight of the 22 teams entered in the preliminary rounds. The qualifying teams were distributed in two groups of four to play single round-robin tournaments, with the top two teams of each group advancing to semi-finals, a system that remained in use for the finals until 1992. The Democratic Republic of Congo won its first title, beating Ghana in the final. Starting with the 1968 tournament, the competition has been regularly held every two years in even numbered years. Ivory Coast forward Laurent Pokou led the 1968 and 1970 tournaments in scoring, with six and eight goals respectively, and his total of 14 goals remained the all-time record until 2008. Play was covered for television for the first time during the 1970 tournament in Sudan, [5] as the hosts lifted the trophy after defeating Ghana—who were playing their fourth consecutive final.

1970s: A decade of champions

Six different nations won titles from 1970 to 1980: Sudan, Congo-Brazzaville, Zaire, Morocco, Ghana, and Nigeria. Zaire's second title in the 1974 edition (they won their first as the Democratic Republic of Congo) came after facing Zambia in the final. For the only time to date in the history of the competition, the match had to be replayed as the first contest between the two sides ended in a 2–2 draw after extra time. The final was re-staged two days later with Zaire winning 2–0. Forward Mulamba Ndaye scored all four of Zaire's goals in these two matches: he was also the top scorer of the tournament with nine goals, setting a single-tournament record that remains unmatched. Three months earlier, Zaire had become the first Sub-Saharan African nation to qualify to the FIFA World Cup. Morocco won their first title in the 1976 ANC held in Ethiopia and Ghana took its third championship in 1978, becoming the first nation to win three titles.

1980s: Cameroonian & Algerian domination

Between 1980 and 1990, Cameroon managed to reach the final of the African Cup three times in a row, winning the competition twice in 1984 and 1988 and losing once on penalties against Egypt in the 1986 edition, the other dominant team during this period was Algeria, along with their solid 1982 and decent 1986 World Cup appearances, the North African nation lost in the final against hosts Nigeria in the 1980 tournament allowing the super eagles to capture their first championship. After the 1980 edition, Algeria reached the semi finals of every edition expect the 1986 cup until they eventually won the competition in 1990. Ghana's fourth continental title came in the 1982 cup tournament where they beat host Libya in the final. The match ended in a 1–1 draw after 120 minutes and Ghana won the penalty shootout to become champions.

1990s: The return of South Africa

In 1990, Nigeria lost once again as they made their third final appearance in four tournaments, this time falling to host Algeria. The 1992 Cup of Nations expanded the number of final tournament participants to 12; the teams were divided into four groups of three, with the top two teams of each group advancing to quarter-finals. Ghanaian midfielder Abedi "Pele" Ayew, who scored three goals, was named the best player of the tournament after his contributions helped Ghana reach the final; he was, however, suspended for that match and Ghana lost to Ivory Coast in a penalty shootout that saw each side make 11 attempts to determine the winner. Ivory Coast set a record for the competition by holding each of their opponents scoreless in the six matches of the final tournament.

The 12-team, three-group format was used again two years later, where hosts Tunisia were humiliated by their first round elimination. Nigeria, who had just qualified to the World Cup for the first time in their history, won the tournament, beating Zambia, who a year before had been struck by disaster when most of their national squad died in a plane crash while traveling to play a 1994 World Cup qualification match. Nigerian forward Rashidi Yekini, who had led the 1992 tournament with four goals, repeated as the top scorer with five goals.

South Africa hosted the 20th ACN competition in 1996, marking their first ever appearance after a decades long ban was lifted with the end of apartheid in the country and a failed attempt to qualify in 1994. The number of final round participants in 1996 was expanded to the current 16, split into four groups. However, the actual number of teams playing in the final was only 15 as Nigeria withdrew from the tournament at the final moment for political reasons. [7] Bafana Bafana won their first title on home soil, defeating Tunisia in the final. [8]

The South Africans would reach the final again two years later in Burkina Faso, but were unable to defend their title, losing to Egypt who claimed their fourth cup.

2000s: Egypt's unprecedented treble

Egypt against Cameroon at the 2008 African Cup of Nations Final Africa cup final1.jpg
Egypt against Cameroon at the 2008 African Cup of Nations Final

The 2000 edition was hosted jointly by Ghana and Nigeria, who replaced the originally designated host Zimbabwe. Following a 2–2 draw after extra time in the final, Cameroon defeated Nigeria on penalty kicks. In 2002, Cameroon's Indomitable Lions made the second consecutive titles since Ghana had done it in the 1960s and after Egypt had done it before in 1957 and 1959. Again via penalty kicks, the Cameroonians beat first-time finalists Senegal, who also debuted in the World Cup later that year. Both finalists were eliminated in quarter finals two years later in Tunisia, where the hosts won their first title, beating Morocco 2–1 in the final. The 2006 tournament was also won by the hosts, Egypt, who reached a continental-record fifth title. Ahead of the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations several European clubs called for a rethink of the tournament's schedule. As it takes place during the European season, players who are involved miss several matches for their clubs. [9]

In January 2008, FIFA president Sepp Blatter announced that he wanted the tournament to be held in either June or July by 2016, to fit in the international calendar, although this would preclude many countries in central and west Africa from hosting the competition (as these months occur during their wet season). [10] The 2008 tournament was hosted by Ghana, and saw Egypt retain the trophy, winning their record-extending sixth tournament by defeating Cameroon 1–0 in the final. [11]

2010s

Egypt set a new record in the 2010 tournament that was hosted by Angola by winning their third consecutive title in an unprecedented achievement on the African level after defeating Ghana 1–0 in the final, retaining the gold-plated cup indefinitely and extending their record to 7 continental titles (including when Egypt was known as UAR between 1958 and 1961). [12] Egypt became the first African nation to win three consecutive cups and joined Mexico, Argentina, and Iran who also won their continent cup 3 times in a row. On 31 January 2010, Egypt set a new African record, not being defeated for 19 consecutive Cup of Nations matches, since a 2–1 loss against Algeria in Tunisia in 2004,[ citation needed ] and a record 9 consecutive win streak.[ citation needed ]

2017 African Cup of Nations winners Cameroon Cameroon celebrating winning 2017 Africa Cup of Nations (cropped).jpg
2017 African Cup of Nations winners Cameroon

In May 2010, it was announced that the tournament would be moved to odd-numbered years from 2013 in order to prevent the tournament from taking place in the same year as the World Cup. It also meant there were two tournaments within twelve months in January 2012 [13] (co-hosted by Gabon and Equatorial Guinea) and January 2013 (hosted by South Africa). [3] The change of FIFA Confederations Cup from a biennial to a quadrennial tournament, and the switching of the African Cup of Nations from even to odd-number years, meant that some previous African Cup of Nations champions such as Egypt, Zambia, and Ivory Coast (winners of the 2010, 2012, and 2015 tournaments respectively) were deprived from participating in the Confederations Cup tournament.

On 29 January 2011, Morocco won the bid to host the 2015 edition and Libya won the right to host the 2013 tournament. But due to the 2011 Libyan civil war, Libya and South Africa traded years with South Africa hosting in 2013 and Libya hosting in 2017, [14] (though CAF ultimately decided to hold the 2017 tournament in Gabon due to ongoing fighting in Libya [15] )

In 2012, Zambia won the final after a penalty shootout against Ivory Coast. This drew increased media attention since the match took place in Gabon, only a few hundred meters from the crash site of the 1993 air disaster of their national team. The 2013 tournament was won by Nigeria, beating first time finalists Burkina Faso.

In 2014-15, the West African Ebola virus epidemic disrupted the tournament. [16] The Antoinette Tubman Stadium in Monrovia, Liberia was converted into an Ebola treatment unit. [17] On 24 July Liberia suspended all football activities. [18] The 2015 Africa Cup of Nations was scheduled to be held in Morocco, but they refused to hold the tournament on the allotted dates due to concerns of the Ebola outbreak. The 2015 tournament was then moved to Equatorial Guinea. [19]

Reforms

Under Ahmad Ahmad's presidency, there were discussions regarding further changes to the African Cup of Nations. In July 2017, two changes were proposed: [20] [21]

On 20 July 2017, the CAF Executive Commission approved the propositions at a meeting in Rabat, Morocco. [2]

Sponsorship

In July 2016, Total secured the rights to an eight-year sponsorship package to support 10 of CAF's principal competitions. This began with the 2017 Africa Cup of Nations in Gabon which was renamed the "Total Africa Cup of Nations". [22]

Prize money

The prize money awarded to the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations winner amounted to $4.5 million. [23]

Trophy

Trophy of African Unity African Cup of Nations (ACN) 1990.svg
Trophy of African Unity
The current trophy Coppa Africa.svg
The current trophy

Throughout the history of the African Cup of Nations, three different trophies have been awarded to the winners of the competition. The original trophy, made of silver, was the Abdelaziz Abdallah Salem Trophy, named after the first CAF president, Egyptian Abdelaziz Abdallah Salem. As the first winner of three African Cup of Nations tournaments, Ghana obtained the right to permanently hold the trophy in 1978. [24]

The second trophy was awarded from 1980 to 2000, and was named "Trophy of African Unity" [25] or "African Unity Cup". [24] It was given to CAF by the Supreme Council for Sports in Africa prior to the 1980 tournament and it was a cylindrical piece with the Olympic rings over a map of the continent engraved on it. It sat on a squared base and had stylized triangular handles. Cameroon won the Unity Cup indefinitely after they became three-time champions in 2000.

In 2001, the third trophy was revealed, a gold-plated cup designed and made in Italy. [24] Cameroon, permanent holders of the previous trophy, were the first nation to be awarded the new trophy after they won the 2002 edition. Egypt won the gold-plated cup indefinitely after they became three-time champions in 2010, in an unprecedented achievement by winning three consecutive continental titles. Unlike previous winners who would have then taken the trophy home, Egypt were presented with a special full size replica that they were allowed to keep. First and second time winners usually get a smaller sized replica for their trophy cabinets.

Results

No.YearHost(s)FinalThird PlaceTeams
ChampionScoreSecond Place
11957
Details
Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg  Sudan Flag of Egypt (1952-1958).svg
Egypt
4–0Flag of Ethiopia.svg
Ethiopia
Flag of Sudan.svg
Sudan
3/4 [1]
21959
Details
Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg  Egypt Flag of Egypt (1952-1958).svg
Egypt
4–0Flag of Sudan.svg
Sudan
Flag of Ethiopia.svg
Ethiopia
3/4 [1]
No.YearHost(s)FinalThird Place Play-offTeams
ChampionScoreSecond PlaceThird PlaceScoreFourth Place
31962
Details
Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg  Ethiopia Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg
Ethiopia
4–2(a.e.t.)Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg
Egypt
Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg
Tunisia
3–0Flag of the Uganda Protectorate.svg
Uganda
4
41963
Details
Ghana flag 1964.svg  Ghana Ghana flag 1964.svg
Ghana
3–0Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg
Sudan
Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg
Egypt
3–0Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg
Ethiopia
6
51965
Details
Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg  Tunisia Ghana flag 1964.svg
Ghana
3–2(a.e.t.)Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg
Tunisia
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
1–0Flag of Senegal.svg
Senegal
6
61968
Details
Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg  Ethiopia Flag of Congo-Kinshasa (1966-1971).svg
Congo-Kinshasa
1–0Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
1–0Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg
Ethiopia
8
71970
Details
Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg  Sudan Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg
Sudan
1–0Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg
Egypt
3–1Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
8
81972
Details
Flag of Cameroon (1961-1975).svg  Cameroon Flag of the People's Republic of Congo.svg
Congo
3–2Flag of Mali.svg
Mali
Flag of Cameroon (1961-1975).svg
Cameroon
5–2Flag of Zaire.svg
Zaire
8
91974
Details
Flag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg  Egypt Flag of Zaire.svg
Zaire
2–2(a.e.t.)Flag of Zambia (1964-1996).svg
Zambia
Flag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg
Egypt
4–0Flag of the People's Republic of Congo.svg
Congo
8
Match replay:2–0
101976
Details
Flag of Ethiopia (1975-1987).svg  Ethiopia Flag of Morocco.svg
Morocco
N/A [3] Flag of Guinea.svg
Guinea
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
N/A [3] Flag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg
Egypt
8
111978
Details
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
2–0Flag of Uganda.svg
Uganda
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
2–0 [4] Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg
Tunisia
8
121980
Details
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
3–0Flag of Algeria.svg
Algeria
Flag of Morocco.svg
Morocco
2–0Flag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg
Egypt
8
131982
Details
Flag of Libya (1977-2011).svg  Libya Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
1–1(a.e.t.)Flag of Libya (1977-2011).svg
Libya
Flag of Zambia (1964-1996).svg
Zambia
2–0Flag of Algeria.svg
Algeria
8
Penalties:7–6
141984
Details
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
3–1Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
Flag of Algeria.svg
Algeria
3–1Flag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg
Egypt
8
151986
Details
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt
0–0(a.e.t.)Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
3–2Flag of Morocco.svg
Morocco
8
Penalties:5–4
161988
Details
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
1–0Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
Flag of Algeria.svg
Algeria
1–1(a.e.t.)Flag of Morocco.svg
Morocco
8
Penalties:4–3
171990
Details
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria Flag of Algeria.svg
Algeria
1–0Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
Flag of Zambia (1964-1996).svg
Zambia
1–0Flag of Senegal.svg
Senegal
8
181992
Details
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
0–0(a.e.t.)Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
2–1Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
12
Penalties:11–10
191994
Details
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
2–1Flag of Zambia (1964-1996).svg
Zambia
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
3–1Flag of Mali.svg
Mali
12
201996
Details
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa
2–0Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg
Tunisia
Flag of Zambia.svg
Zambia
1–0Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
15/16 [5]
211998
Details
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt
2–0Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg (1997-2003).svg
DR Congo
4–4(a.e.t.)Flag of Burkina Faso.svg
Burkina Faso
16
Penalties:4–1
222000
Details
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana &
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
2–2(a.e.t.)Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
Flag of South Africa.svg
South Africa
2–2(a.e.t.)Flag of Tunisia.svg
Tunisia
16
Penalties:4–3 Penalties:4–3
232002
Details
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
0–0(a.e.t.)Flag of Senegal.svg
Senegal
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
1–0Flag of Mali.svg
Mali
16
Penalties:3–2
242004
Details
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Flag of Tunisia.svg
Tunisia
2–1Flag of Morocco.svg
Morocco
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
2–1Flag of Mali.svg
Mali
16
252006
Details
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt
0–0(a.e.t.)Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
1–0Flag of Senegal.svg
Senegal
16
Penalties:4–2
262008
Details
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt
1–0Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
4–2Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
16
272010
Details
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt
1–0Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
1–0Flag of Algeria.svg
Algeria
15/16 [6]
282012
Details
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon &
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea
Flag of Zambia.svg
Zambia
0–0(a.e.t.)Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
Flag of Mali.svg
Mali
2–0Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
16
Penalties:8–7
292013
Details
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Flag of Nigeria.svg
Nigeria
1–0Flag of Burkina Faso.svg
Burkina Faso
Flag of Mali.svg
Mali
3–1Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
16
302015
Details
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg
Ivory Coast
0–0(a.e.t.)Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
DR Congo
0–0(a.e.t.)Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg
Equatorial Guinea
16
Penalties:9–8 Penalties:4–2
312017
Details
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon Flag of Cameroon.svg
Cameroon
2–1Flag of Egypt.svg
Egypt
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg
Burkina Faso
1–0Flag of Ghana.svg
Ghana
16
322019
Details
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt To be playedTo be played24
332021
Details
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon To be playedTo be playedTBD
342023
Details
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast To be playedTo be playedTBD
352025
Details
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea To be playedTo be playedTBD
  1. ^ South Africa were disqualified from the tournament due to the country's apartheid policies.
  2. ^ There was no final match; the three teams played each other once, with the winner on points receiving the Cup. It finished: UAR 4pts, Sudan 2, Ethiopia 0.
  3. ^ There was no final match; the tournament was decided in a final group contested by the last four teams. It finished: Morocco 5pts, Guinea 4, Nigeria 3, Egypt 0.
  4. ^ The third-place match was tied 1–1 when the Tunisian team withdrew from the field in the 42nd minute in protest at the officiating. Nigeria were awarded a 2–0 walkover. [26]
  5. ^ Nigeria withdrew prior to the start of the finals. Guinea, as the best side to not qualify, was offered Nigeria's spot in the finals, but declined due to a lack of preparation time.
  6. ^ The Togolese team withdrew from the competition after their bus was attacked by gunmen in Cabinda, Angola. Following their departure from Angola, Togo were formally disqualified from the tournament after failing to fulfil their opening Group B game against Ghana on 11 January. On 30 January 2010, CAF banned Togo from participating in the next two Africa Cup of Nations tournaments and fined the team $50,000 due to "government involvement in the withdrawal from the tournament". Togo were unable to compete until the 2015 tournament, but that ban was lifted on 14 May 2010 by a ruling from the Court of Arbitration for Sport.

Summary

Countries of Africa, coloured according to highest finishing position at the Africa Cup of Nations. Africa map - Africa Cup of Nations performances.png
Countries of Africa, coloured according to highest finishing position at the Africa Cup of Nations.
TeamWinnersRunners-upThird placeFourth placeTotal (top four)
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 7 (1957, 1959 * 1 , 1986 *, 1998, 2006 *, 2008, 2010)2 (1962 1 , 2017)3 (1963 1 , 1970 1 , 1974 *)3 (1976, 1980, 1984)15
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 5 (1984, 1988, 2000, 2002, 2017)2 (1986, 2008)1 (1972 *)1 (1992)9
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 4 (1963 *, 1965, 1978 *, 1982)5 (1968, 1970, 1992, 2010, 2015)1 (2008 *)4 (1996, 2012, 2013, 2017)14
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 3 (1980 *, 1994, 2013)4 (1984, 1988, 1990, 2000 *)7 (1976, 1978, 1992, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2010)14
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 2 (1992, 2015)2 (2006, 2012)4 (1965, 1968, 1986, 1994)2 (1970, 2008)10
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  DR Congo 2 (1968 2 , 1974 3 )2 (1998, 2015)1 (1972 3 )5
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia 1 (2012)2 (1974, 1994)3 (1982, 1990, 1996)6
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 1 (2004 *)2 (1965 *, 1996)1 (1962)2 (1978, 2000)6
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan 1 (1970 *)2 (1959, 1963)1 (1957 *)4
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 1 (1990 *)1 (1980)2 (1984, 1988)2 (1982, 2010)6
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 1 (1962 *)1 (1957)1 (1959)2 (1963, 1968 *)5
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 1 (1976)1 (2004)1 (1980)2 (1986, 1988 *)5
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 1 (1996 *)1 (1998)1 (2000)3
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Congo 1 (1972)1 (1974)2
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali 1 (1972)2 (2012, 2013)3 (1994, 2002 *, 2004)6
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso 1 (2013)1 (2017)1 (1998 *)3
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 1 (2002)3 (1965, 1990, 2006)4
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda 1 (1978)1 (1962)2
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea 1 (1976)1
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya 1 (1982 *)1
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea 1 (2015*)1

* hosts
1 as United Arab Republic
2 as Congo-Kinshasa
3 as Zaire

All-time record

TournamentsMatchesGoals ScoredGoals per match
1957 273.50
1959 382.67
1962 4184.50
1963 8334.13
1965 8313.88
1968 16523.25
1970 16513.19
1972 16533.31
1974 17543.18
1976 18543.00
1978 16382.38
1980 16332.06
1982 16322.00
1984 16392.44
1986 16311.94
1988 16231.44
1990 16301.88
1992 20341.70
1994 20442.20
1996 29782.69
1998 32932.91
2000 32732.28
2002 32481.50
2004 32882.75
2006 32732.28
2008 32993.09
2010 29712.45
2012 32762.38
2013 32692.16
2015 32682.13
2017 32662.06

Champions by region

Regional federationChampion(s)Title(s)
UNAF (North Africa) Egypt (7), Algeria (1), Morocco (1), Tunisia (1)10
WAFU (West Africa) Ghana (4), Nigeria (3), Ivory Coast (2)9
UNIFFAC (Central Africa) Cameroon (5), DR Congo (2), Congo (1)8
CECAFA (East Africa) Ethiopia (1), Sudan (1)2
COSAFA (Southern Africa) South Africa (1), Zambia (1)2

Records and statistics

See also

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Further reading