Non-FIFA international football

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FIFA is the international governing body of association football, overseeing football globally and with running international representative matches. However, some international football takes place outside its ratification. This often consists of matches involving sub-national entities such as islands, colonies or autonomous regions. Representative matches also occur involving states with limited international recognition who are unable to qualify for FIFA membership. There are also a limited number of states whose representative teams are not affiliated to FIFA. Historically, a number of competitions occurred outside FIFA's auspices.

FIFA International governing body of association football

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association is an organization which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, fútsal, beach soccer, and efootball. FIFA is responsible for the organization of football's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup which commenced in 1930 and the Women's World Cup which commenced in 1991.

A governing body is a group of people that has the authority to exercise governance over an organization or political entity. The most formal is a government, a body whose sole responsibility and authority is to make binding decisions in a given geopolitical system by establishing laws. Other types of governing include an organization, a socio-political group, or another, informal group of people.

Association football Team field sport played between two teams of eleven players with spherical ball

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Contents

"National" teams

Broadly-speaking, there are five categories of Non-FIFA national team:

States

Teams representing seven small sovereign states (Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Monaco, Nauru, Palau, Tuvalu, and the Vatican City) have played international football but are not affiliated to FIFA. Kiribati and Tuvalu are Associate Members of Oceania Football Confederation but not its parent organisation.

Federated States of Micronesia Island republic in Oceania

The Federated States of Micronesia is an independent republic associated with the United States. It consists of four states – from west to east, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae – that are spread across the Western Pacific Ocean. Together, the states comprise around 607 islands that cover a longitudinal distance of almost 2,700 km (1,678 mi) just north of the equator. They lie northeast of New Guinea, south of Guam and the Marianas, west of Nauru and the Marshall Islands, east of Palau and the Philippines, about 2,900 km (1,802 mi) north of eastern Australia and some 4,000 km (2,485 mi) southwest of the main islands of Hawaii.

Kiribati Island nation in the central Pacific Ocean

Kiribati, officially the Republic of Kiribati, is a sovereign state in Micronesia in the central Pacific Ocean. The permanent population is just over 110,000 (2015), more than half of whom live on Tarawa Atoll. The state comprises 32 atolls and reef islands and one raised coral island, Banaba. They have a total land area of 800 square kilometres (310 sq mi) and are dispersed over 3.5 million square kilometres. Their spread straddles both the equator and the 180th meridian, although the International Date Line goes round Kiribati and swings far to the east, almost reaching the 150°W meridian. This brings the Line Islands into the same day as the Kiribati Islands. Kiribati's easternmost islands, the southern Line Islands, south of Hawaii, have the most advanced time on Earth: UTC+14 hours.

Monaco City-state in Western Europe

Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco, is a sovereign city-state, country, and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe. France borders the country on three sides while the other side borders the Mediterranean Sea. Monaco is about 15 km from the state border with Italy.

The United Kingdom is represented in FIFA through its four constituent countries England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. During the 1940s and 50s a United Kingdom national football team was assembled on a few occasions to play friendly matches which were not considered full internationals by FIFA.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Wales Country in northwest Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi). Wales has over 1,680 miles (2,700 km) of coastline and is largely mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon, its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone and has a changeable, maritime climate.

Autonomous (or autonomy-seeking) regions and unrecognised states

A second category encompasses regions of larger nations which have a history of autonomy. They may have already achieved a degree of self-governance (for example the autonomous communities of Spain including Catalonia, Galicia and the Basque Country which usually play just one game a year, traditionally at Christmas), or be seeking it. However, it is necessary to distinguish the Basque team from the others, as it has come to represent not just the 'Basque autonomous community', but the 'greater Basque region', also incorporating Navarre and the French Basque Country.

Autonomous communities of Spain first-level political and administrative division of Spain

In Spain, an autonomous community is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain.

Catalonia national football team The official association football team of the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia

The Catalonia national football team is the official football team of Catalonia. It is organised by the Catalan Football Federation, founded in 1900. The team has been referred to by various names including Selecció Catalana, Selecció de Barcelona and the Catalan XI.

The Galicia national football team is the official football team of Galicia. It is organised by the Galician Football Federation. The team is not affiliated with FIFA or UEFA and is, therefore, only allowed to play friendly matches.

Alternatively, some unrecognised states may have national teams. Some established members of UEFA once fell into this category, such as the Faroe Islands. Current non-FIFA heavyweights Northern Cyprus are the best example of this category of non-FIFA football team.

UEFA international sport governing body

The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football, futsal and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members.

Faroe Islands national football team mens national association football team representing the Faroe Islands

The Faroe Islands national football team, represents the Faroe Islands in association football and is controlled by the Faroe Islands Football Association. The Faroe Islands became a member of FIFA in 1988 and UEFA in 1990 and is the fourth smallest UEFA country by population.

Northern Cyprus national football team mens national association football team representing Northern Cyprus

The Northern Cyprus national football team represents Northern Cyprus, a de facto country, in association football. They are a member of the New Federations Board for non-FIFA-affiliated nations. Northern Cyprus' home stadium is Nicosia Atatürk Stadium in North Nicosia and their head coach is Fırat Canova. They are the current FIFI Wild Cup champions, having won the event in Germany in June 2006. They are also the current ELF Cup champions, having won the event at home in November 2006.

Regional associations

The first, and most common, are teams which represent the regional associations of established footballing nations. These oversea local football in their respective regions and are part of a network of associations that contribute to the national association as a whole. A good example of this would be Jersey, whose members are also members of the FA. These regional associations often enter representative teams into international non-FIFA matches.

The Jersey Football Association (JFA) is the body which co-ordinates football in Jersey.

The Football Association governing body of association football in England

The Football Association (FA) is the governing body of association football in England and the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man. Formed in 1863, it is the oldest football association in the world and is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the amateur and professional game in its territory.

Stateless people

The third group of teams features representative sides drawn from ethnic groups that have yet to gain significant control over a home state, or drawn from an ethnic diaspora. The Sami people of Lapland live in a distinct area of northern Scandinavia, yet fall under the control of four states. Nevertheless, they have organised a football association and a representative team. Similarly, the Romani people—having been strewn across Europe for centuries—have a fledgeling footballing organisation to represent them in international competition. Other stateless nations, such as the Palestinians have been welcomed into FIFA and the AFC despite having no recognised state. The Esperanto Football Team has been set up to represent the worldwide community of Esperanto speakers.

Minorities

Another group of teams consist of ethnic minorities in a state.

Organizations

Non-FIFA competitions

Football tournaments at international multi-sports events, such as the Olympics, Pan-American Games and Francophone games are without FIFA's jurisdiction, but are, for the most part, operated with the acknowledgement of that body. These events typically involve age restricted teams, to avoid direct competition with the World Cup and continental championships.

Men's tournaments

International

The FIFI Wild Cup

The FIFI Wild Cup was organised by the German football club St. Pauli in the summer of 2006. It took place while the FIFA World Cup was being played in Germany, and aimed to raise awareness of stateless nations. Five nations took part, along with a team representing the St Pauli district of Hamburg. Northern Cyprus beat Zanzibar on penalties to win the trophy.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2006Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus
The UNPO Cup

The UNPO Cup was organised by the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization and NF-Board, and took place in The Hague in June 2005. The tournament, which coincided with UNPO's 7th General Assembly, and featured four teams. The South Moluccas won the cup, beating Chechnya in the final.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2005Flag of South Moluccas.svg  South Moluccas
The VIVA World Cup

The first VIVA World Cup, organised by the N.F.-Board, [2] took place in Occitania in November 2006. Six nations initially accepted invitations, but eventually, only 3 took part, the hosts, Monaco and Saami, the eventual winners. The second edition took place in Lapland in 2008 and Padania emerged as winners, as the third in 2009 where Padania won the tournament at home.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Occitania (with star).svg  Occitania 2006 Sami flag.svg  Sápmi
Sami flag.svg  Sápmi 2008 Flag of Padania.svg  Padania
Flag of Padania.svg  Padania 2009 Flag of Padania.svg  Padania
Flag of Gozo.svg  Gozo 2010 Flag of Padania.svg  Padania
Flag of Kurdistan.svg  Iraqi Kurdistan 2012 Flag of Kurdistan.svg  Iraqi Kurdistan
ConIFA World Football Cup
Host NationYearWinners
Sami flag.svg  Sápmi 2014 Comte de Nice flag.svg  County of Nice
Flag of the Republic of Abkhazia.svg  Abkhazia 2016 Flag of the Republic of Abkhazia.svg  Abkhazia
Flag of Ogaden National Liberation Front(2).svg  Barawa 2018 Flag of Transcarpathian Oblast.svg  Kárpátalja
Flag of Somaliland.svg  Somaliland 2020
The ELF Cup

The ELF Cup, organised by the KTFF, took place in November 2006, in Northern Cyprus. Eight teams accepted invitations to take part, and the hosts emerged as winners.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus 2006Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus
Football at the Island Games

The Island Games, which are held every two years, features a competitive football tournament, won on the first two occasions by now-established UEFA and FIFA member, the Faroe Islands, and again in 2007 by now UEFA members, Gibraltar. Many of the competing nations are affiliated to larger national FAs - the Jersey Football Association, for example, is governed by the FA.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands 1989 Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands
Flag of Aland.svg  Åland 1991 Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands
Flag of the Isle of Wight.svg  Isle of Wight 1993 Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar 1995 Flag of the Isle of Wight.svg  Isle of Wight
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey 1997 Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey
Flag of Gotland.svg  Gotland 1999 Flag of Anglesey.svg  Ynys Môn
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg  Isle of Man 2001 Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey 2003 Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey
Flag of Shetland.svg  Shetland 2005 Flag of Shetland.svg  Shetland
Flag of Rhodes Island.svg  Rhodes 2007 Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar
Flag of Aland.svg  Åland 2009 Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey
Flag of the Isle of Wight.svg  Isle of Wight 2011 Flag of the Isle of Wight.svg  Isle of Wight
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda 2013 Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey 2015 Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey
Flag of Gotland.svg  Gotland 2017 Flag of the Isle of Man.svg  Isle of Man
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar 2019 N/A †
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey 2021
2007 Flag of Orkney.svg  Orkney 2023

† Ynys Mon hosted unofficial 2019 'Island Games' football tournament. [3]

Continental

European Football Cup

The ConIFA European Football Cup was played in Douglas, the Isle of Man. The host place of the tournament was moved to London, England, and then to Székely Land, Romania. The tournament took place from the 13th till the 21st of June, 2015. It was the first ever European Championship between representative teams outside FIFA. The 12 representative teams: Ellan Vannin, County of Nice, Abkhazia, Nagorno Karabakh, South Ossetia, Occitania, Romani People, Franconia, Sapmi, Northern Cyprus, Szekely Land and Padania. [4] Subsequently, 3 teams (Franconia, Monaco, Nagorno-Karabakh) cancelled their participation for the 2015 ConIFA European Football Cup in Hungary, which forced the originally planned schedule to be revised. The presence of a total of nine teams led to three groups of three being formed. In May 2015, Occitania also announced their withdrawal from the competition, which led to another revision of the match schedule into two groups of four, which ConIFA based upon their ranking points system. In June 2015, another three teams, South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Northern Cyprus, were all forced to withdraw, as a result of visa difficulties, while the Felvidek team was added to the line up - leaving two groups of three and six participants in total.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Szekely Land.svg  Székely Land 2015 Flag of Padania.svg  Padania
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus 2017 Flag of Padania.svg  Padania
Flag of Artsakh.svg  Artsakh 2019 Flag of South Ossetia.svg  South Ossetia
The Europeada

The Europeada is a football tournament for indigenous and national minorities in Europe, and is organized by the Federal Union of European Nationalities. The first edition was played in 2008 in Surselva, Switzerland. [5]

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 2008 Flag of South Tyrol.svg  South Tyrol
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2012 Flag of South Tyrol.svg  South Tyrol
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2016 Flag of South Tyrol.svg  South Tyrol
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 2020
Copa CSANF

The Copa CSANF is a football tournament for football federations not admitted to FIFA in South America. Is organized by the Consejo Sudamericano de Nuevas Federaciones. The first edition was played in 2011 in Chile.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2011 Bandera Juan Fernandez.jpg Juan Fernandez Islands
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2017 Flag of the Mapuches.svg Mapuche
CSANF 10th Anniversary Cup

The CSANF 10th Anniversary Cup is a tournament to celebrate the 10 years of the creation of the Consejo Sudamericano de Nuevas Federaciones.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 2017 Flag of Armenia.svg Flag of Argentina.svg Armenian Argentine
Copa ANPO

The Campeonato Nacional de Futbol Pueblos Originarios (Copa ANPO) is a football tournament for the indigenous peoples of South America, and is organized by the Asociación Nacional de Pueblos Originarios. The inaugural tournament was played in 2012 in Chile. Campeonato de futbol Pueblos Originarios Asociacion Andina de Futbol Liga Andina Arica Facebook page on Facebook played among six teams. Three teams come from the Mapuche people – the largest indigenous population in Chile. There is a Mapuche team, a Pewenche team (which is the term used for Mapuche populations living in the mountainous regions of Chile), and a Warriache team (composed of Mapuche individuals from the city). In addition, there is one Aymara team, one Lican Antay (or Atacameño) team, and one Rapa Nui team. [6]

The N.F.-Board's South American governing body CSANF have announced a preliminary date for the second Indigenous Peoples' Championship. Set for Santiago in Chile from August 5–10, 2013, the sides hoped to compete are Easter Island, Mapuche, Aymara, LikanAntay, Diaguita, Kolla, Quechua and a combined Yaghan-Kawesqar team. [7]

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2012 Flag of Rapa Nui, Chile.svg  Easter Island
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2013 Huilliche flag.svg Huilliche [8]
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2015 Flag of the Mapuches.svg Mapuche [9]

Other tournaments

Some non-FIFA teams play in other tournaments generally played by FIFA members, including the CONCACAF Gold Cup, Indian Ocean Games, CECAFA Cup, South Pacific Games, Coupes des Caraibes, Shell Caribbean Cup, CFU Championship and many more.

Moreover, many teams, before obtaining FIFA membership, played friendlies and international tournaments - for example, the Faroe Islands.

Women Tournaments

Across a discreet number of minor tournaments, the only three main international football tournaments for women are the Women's VIVA World Cup, the Europeada and the Island Games.

Island Games

A women's football tournament to the Island Games is played from 2001 edition:

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg  Isle of Man 2001Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey 2003Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands
Flag of Shetland.svg  Shetland 2005Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands
Flag of Rhodes Island.svg  Rhodes 2007Flag of Aland.svg  Åland Islands
Flag of Aland.svg  Åland 2009Flag of Aland.svg  Åland Islands
Flag of the Isle of Wight.svg  Isle of Wight 2011Flag of Aland.svg  Åland Islands
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda 2013Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey 2015Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey
Flag of Gotland.svg  Gotland 2017Flag of Gotland.svg  Gotland

VIVA World Cup

A women's football tournament to the VIVA World Cup is played from 2008 until 2010:

Host NationYearWinners
Sami flag.svg  Sápmi 2008Sami flag.svg  Sápmi
Flag of Gozo.svg  Gozo 2010Flag of Padania.svg  Padania

The official announcement of the 2nd edition of the Women VIVA World Cup 2018® in Vichy. Dates: From Sunday 3rd to Sunday 10 June 2018. Tournament format: 12 teams (6 football continents represented) [17]

The Europeada

A women's football tournament to the Europeada is played from the 2016 edition:

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2016 Flag of South Tyrol.svg  South Tyrol
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 2020

Youth Tournaments

A big number of friendlies are played between youth selections with different restrictions (U-21, U-18, or U-16 for example) but still does not exists any international or continental tournaments. Only a little number of minor tournaments are played for youth selections: one of them, and probably one of the most important, is Muratti Vase who is played for U-21, U-18, U-15.

Club Tournaments

Despite the fact many non-FIFA associations have their own league, there are no international or continental club tournaments.

See also

Related Research Articles

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Somaliland national football team national association football team

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