Non-FIFA international football

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FIFA is the international governing body of association football, overseeing football globally and with running international representative matches. However, some international football takes place outside its ratification. This often consists of matches involving sub-national entities such as islands, colonies or autonomous regions. Representative matches also occur involving states with limited international recognition who are unable to qualify for FIFA membership. There are also a limited number of states whose representative teams are not affiliated to FIFA. Historically, a number of competitions occurred outside FIFA's auspices.

Contents

"National" teams

Broadly-speaking, there are five categories of Non-FIFA national team:

States

Teams representing seven small sovereign states (Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Monaco, Nauru, Palau, Tuvalu, and the Vatican City) have played international football but are not affiliated to FIFA. Kiribati and Tuvalu are Associate Members of Oceania Football Confederation but not its parent organisation.

The United Kingdom is represented in FIFA through its four constituent countries England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. During the 1940s and 50s a United Kingdom national football team was assembled on a few occasions to play friendly matches which were not considered full internationals by FIFA.

Autonomous (or autonomy-seeking) regions and unrecognised states

A second category encompasses regions of larger nations which have a history of autonomy. They may have already achieved a degree of self-governance (for example the autonomous communities of Spain including Catalonia, Galicia and the Basque Country which usually play just one game a year, traditionally at Christmas), or be seeking it (like for example the french historic region of Brittany). However, it is necessary to distinguish the Basque team from the others, as it has come to represent not just the 'Basque autonomous community', but the 'greater Basque region', also incorporating Navarre and the French Basque Country.

Alternatively, some unrecognised states may have national teams. Some established members of UEFA once fell into this category, such as the Faroe Islands. Current non-FIFA heavyweights Northern Cyprus are the best example of this category of non-FIFA football team.

Regional associations

The first, and most common, are teams which represent the regional associations of established footballing nations. These oversea local football in their respective regions and are part of a network of associations that contribute to the national association as a whole. A good example of this would be Jersey, whose members are also members of the FA. These regional associations often enter representative teams into international non-FIFA matches.

Stateless people

The third group of teams features representative sides drawn from ethnic groups that have yet to gain significant control over a home state, or drawn from an ethnic diaspora. The Sami people of Lapland live in a distinct area of northern Scandinavia, yet fall under the control of four states. Nevertheless, they have organised a football association and a representative team. Similarly, the Romani people—having been strewn across Europe for centuries—have a fledgeling footballing organisation to represent them in international competition. Other stateless nations, such as the Palestinians have been welcomed into FIFA and the AFC despite having no recognised state. The Esperanto Football Team has been set up to represent the worldwide community of Esperanto speakers.

Minorities

Another group of teams consist of ethnic minorities in a state.

Organizations

Non-FIFA competitions

Football tournaments at international multi-sports events, such as the Olympics, Pan-American Games and Francophone games are without FIFA's jurisdiction, but are, for the most part, operated with the acknowledgement of that body. These events typically involve age restricted teams, to avoid direct competition with the World Cup and continental championships.

Men's tournaments

International

The FIFI Wild Cup

The FIFI Wild Cup was organised by the German football club St. Pauli in the summer of 2006. It took place while the FIFA World Cup was being played in Germany, and aimed to raise awareness of stateless nations. Five nations took part, along with a team representing the St Pauli district of Hamburg. Northern Cyprus beat Zanzibar on penalties to win the trophy.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2006Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus
The UNPO Cup

The UNPO Cup was organised by the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization and NF-Board, and took place in The Hague in June 2005. The tournament, which coincided with UNPO's 7th General Assembly, and featured four teams. The South Moluccas won the cup, beating Chechnya in the final.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2005Flag of South Moluccas.svg  South Moluccas
The VIVA World Cup

The first VIVA World Cup, organised by the N.F.-Board, [2] took place in Occitania in November 2006. Six nations initially accepted invitations, but eventually, only 3 took part, the hosts, Monaco and Saami, the eventual winners. The second edition took place in Lapland in 2008 and Padania emerged as winners, as the third in 2009 where Padania won the tournament at home.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Occitania (with star).svg  Occitania 2006 Sami flag.svg  Sápmi
Sami flag.svg  Sápmi 2008 Flag of Padania.svg  Padania
Flag of Padania.svg  Padania 2009 Flag of Padania.svg  Padania
Flag of Gozo.svg  Gozo 2010 Flag of Padania.svg  Padania
Flag of Kurdistan.svg  Iraqi Kurdistan 2012 Flag of Kurdistan.svg  Kurdistan Region
ConIFA World Football Cup
Host NationYearWinners
Sami flag.svg  Sápmi 2014 Flag of the County of Nice.svg  County of Nice
Flag of the Republic of Abkhazia.svg  Abkhazia 2016 Flag of the Republic of Abkhazia.svg  Abkhazia
Flag of Ogaden National Liberation Front(2).svg  Barawa 2018 Flag of Transcarpathian Oblast.svg  Kárpátalja
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia 2020
The ELF Cup

The ELF Cup, organised by the KTFF, took place in November 2006, in Northern Cyprus. Eight teams accepted invitations to take part, and the hosts emerged as winners.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus 2006Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus
Football at the Island Games

The Island Games, which are held every two years, features a competitive football tournament, won on the first two occasions by now-established UEFA and FIFA member, the Faroe Islands, and again in 2007 by now UEFA members, Gibraltar. Many of the competing nations are affiliated to larger national FAs - the Jersey Football Association, for example, is governed by the FA.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands 1989 Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands
Flag of Aland.svg  Åland 1991 Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands
Flag of the Isle of Wight.svg  Isle of Wight 1993 Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar 1995 Flag of the Isle of Wight.svg  Isle of Wight
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey 1997 Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey
Flag of Gotland.svg  Gotland 1999 Flag of Anglesey.svg  Ynys Môn
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg  Isle of Man 2001 Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey 2003 Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey
Flag of Shetland.svg  Shetland 2005 Flag of Shetland.svg  Shetland
Flag of Rhodes Island.svg  Rhodes 2007 Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar
Flag of Aland.svg  Åland 2009 Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey
Flag of the Isle of Wight.svg  Isle of Wight 2011 Flag of the Isle of Wight.svg  Isle of Wight
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda 2013 Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey 2015 Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey
Flag of Gotland.svg  Gotland 2017 Flag of the Isle of Man.svg  Isle of Man
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar 2019 N/A †
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey 2021
2007 Flag of Orkney.svg  Orkney 2023

† Ynys Mon hosted an unofficial 2019 Inter Games Football Tournament as Gibraltar did not have enough pitches. [3]

Continental

European Football Cup

The ConIFA European Football Cup was played in Douglas, the Isle of Man. The host place of the tournament was moved to London, England, and then to Székely Land, Romania. The tournament took place from the 13th till the 21st of June, 2015. It was the first ever European Championship between representative teams outside FIFA. The 12 representative teams: Ellan Vannin, County of Nice, Abkhazia, Nagorno Karabakh, South Ossetia, Occitania, Romani People, Franconia, Sapmi, Northern Cyprus, Szekely Land and Padania. [4] Subsequently, 3 teams (Franconia, Monaco, Nagorno-Karabakh) cancelled their participation for the 2015 ConIFA European Football Cup in Hungary, which forced the originally planned schedule to be revised. The presence of a total of nine teams led to three groups of three being formed. In May 2015, Occitania also announced their withdrawal from the competition, which led to another revision of the match schedule into two groups of four, which ConIFA based upon their ranking points system. In June 2015, another three teams, South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Northern Cyprus, were all forced to withdraw, as a result of visa difficulties, while the Felvidek team was added to the line up - leaving two groups of three and six participants in total.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Szekely Land.svg  Székely Land 2015 Flag of Padania.svg  Padania
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg  Northern Cyprus 2017 Flag of Padania.svg  Padania
Flag of Artsakh.svg  Artsakh 2019 Flag of South Ossetia.svg  South Ossetia
The Europeada

The Europeada is a football tournament for indigenous and national minorities in Europe, and is organized by the Federal Union of European Nationalities. The first edition was played in 2008 in Surselva, Switzerland. [5]

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 2008 Flag of South Tyrol.svg  South Tyrol
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2012 Flag of South Tyrol.svg  South Tyrol
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2016 Flag of South Tyrol.svg  South Tyrol
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 2020
Copa CSANF

The Copa CSANF is a football tournament for football federations not admitted to FIFA in South America. Is organized by the Consejo Sudamericano de Nuevas Federaciones. The first edition was played in 2011 in Chile.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2011 Bandera Juan Fernandez.jpg Juan Fernandez Islands
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2017 Flag of the Mapuches.svg Mapuche
CSANF 10th Anniversary Cup

The CSANF 10th Anniversary Cup is a tournament to celebrate the 10 years of the creation of the Consejo Sudamericano de Nuevas Federaciones.

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 2017 Flag of Armenia.svg Flag of Argentina.svg Armenian Argentine
Copa ANPO

The Campeonato Nacional de Futbol Pueblos Originarios (Copa ANPO) is a football tournament for the indigenous peoples of South America, and is organized by the Asociación Nacional de Pueblos Originarios. The inaugural tournament was played in 2012 in Chile. Campeonato de futbol Pueblos Originarios Asociacion Andina de Futbol Liga Andina Arica Facebook page on Facebook played among six teams. Three teams come from the Mapuche people – the largest indigenous population in Chile. There is a Mapuche team, a Pewenche team (which is the term used for Mapuche populations living in the mountainous regions of Chile), and a Warriache team (composed of Mapuche individuals from the city). In addition, there is one Aymara team, one Lican Antay (or Atacameño) team, and one Rapa Nui team. [6]

The N.F.-Board's South American governing body CSANF have announced a preliminary date for the second Indigenous Peoples' Championship. Set for Santiago in Chile from August 5–10, 2013, the sides hoped to compete are Easter Island, Mapuche, Aymara, LikanAntay, Diaguita, Kolla, Quechua and a combined Yaghan-Kawesqar team. [7]

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2012 Flag of Rapa Nui, Chile.svg  Easter Island
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2013 Huilliche flag.svg Huilliche [8]
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2015 Flag of the Mapuches.svg Mapuche [9]

Other tournaments

Some non-FIFA teams play in other tournaments generally played by FIFA members, including the CONCACAF Gold Cup, Indian Ocean Games, CECAFA Cup, South Pacific Games, Coupes des Caraibes, Shell Caribbean Cup, CFU Championship and many more.

Moreover, many teams, before obtaining FIFA membership, played friendlies and international tournaments - for example, the Faroe Islands.

Women Tournaments

Across a discreet number of minor tournaments, the only three main international football tournaments for women are the Women's VIVA World Cup, the Europeada and the Island Games.

Island Games

A women's football tournament to the Island Games is played from 2001 edition:

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg  Isle of Man 2001Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey 2003Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands
Flag of Shetland.svg  Shetland 2005Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands
Flag of Rhodes Island.svg  Rhodes 2007Flag of Aland.svg  Åland Islands
Flag of Aland.svg  Åland 2009Flag of Aland.svg  Åland Islands
Flag of the Isle of Wight.svg  Isle of Wight 2011Flag of Aland.svg  Åland Islands
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda 2013Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey 2015Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey
Flag of Gotland.svg  Gotland 2017Flag of Gotland.svg  Gotland
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar 2019 N/A †

† Ynys Mon hosted an unofficial 2019 Inter Games Football Tournament as Gibraltar did not have enough pitches. [17]

VIVA World Cup

A women's football tournament to the VIVA World Cup is played from 2008 until 2010:

Host NationYearWinners
Sami flag.svg  Sápmi 2008Sami flag.svg  Sápmi
Flag of Gozo.svg  Gozo 2010Flag of Padania.svg  Padania
The Europeada

A women's football tournament to the Europeada is played from the 2016 edition:

Host NationYearWinners
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2016 Flag of South Tyrol.svg  South Tyrol
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 2020

Youth Tournaments

A big number of friendlies are played between youth selections with different restrictions (U-21, U-18, or U-16 for example) but still does not exists any international or continental tournaments. Only a little number of minor tournaments are played for youth selections: one of them, and probably one of the most important, is Muratti Vase who is played for U-21, U-18, U-15.

Club Tournaments

Despite the fact many non-FIFA associations have their own league, there are no international or continental club tournaments.

See also

Related Research Articles

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Tamil Eelam national football team national association football team

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Somaliland national football team national association football team

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The Confederation of Independent Football Associations (CONIFA) is the international governing body for association football teams that are not affiliated with FIFA. Currently, CONIFA is responsible for the organization of the ConIFA World Football Cup and the CONIFA European Football Cup.

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CONIFA European Football Cup

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2018 CONIFA World Football Cup

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The Kernow national football team represents Cornwall at international association football since 2018. It uses the native Cornish name of the region, Kernow, to represent its team, and is managed by the Kernow Football Alliance. As the side is not a member of UEFA or FIFA, it cannot qualify for the UEFA European Championship or FIFA World Cup, although it is a member of ConIFA and is eligible to participate in the ConIFA World Football Cup and ConIFA European Football Cup. The team is currently co-managed by Phil Lafferty and Darren Gilbert, and coached by Darren Wright and Andrew Graham.

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