CONCACAF Gold Cup

Last updated
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Concacaf goldcup logo.png
Founded1963;56 years ago (1963) [1]
RegionNorth America, Central America and the Caribbean (CONCACAF)
Number of teams16
Current championsFlag of the United States.svg  United States (6th title)
Most successful team(s)Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico (7 titles)
Website www.goldcup.org
Soccerball current event.svg 2019 CONCACAF Gold Cup

The CONCACAF Gold Cup (Spanish : Copa de Oro de la CONCACAF) is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF, determining the continental champion of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. The Gold Cup is held every two years.

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish or Castilian is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

CONCACAF International sport governing body

The Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football is the continental governing body for association football in North America, which includes Central America and the Caribbean region. Three geographically South American entities — the independent nations of Guyana and Suriname and the French overseas department of French Guiana — are also members. CONCACAF's primary functions are to organize competitions for national teams and clubs, and to conduct World Cup and Women's World Cup qualifying tournaments.

Contents

History

Winners of the CONCACAF Gold Cup up to 2017 Winners of the CONCACAF Gold Cup.png
Winners of the CONCACAF Gold Cup up to 2017

Championships before CONCACAF

Before the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) was formed in 1961, association football in the region was divided into smaller, regional divisions. The two main bodies consisted of the Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol (CCCF) founded in 1938 (consisting of Central America and most of the Caribbean) and the North American Football Confederation (NAFC) founded in 1946 (consisting of the North American nations of United States, Mexico, Canada, and Cuba). Each confederation held its own competition, the CCCF Championship and the NAFC Championship. The CCCF held 10 championships from 1941–1961, Costa Rica winning seven (1941, ’46, ’48, ’53, ’55, ’60, ’61), and one each by El Salvador (1943), Panama (1951) and Haiti (1957). The NAFC held four championships in 1947 and 1949 and later, after 41 years of absence, in 1990 and 1991 for the North American zone as the North American Nations Cup with Mexico winning two (47 & ’49) and Canada winning one (1990) before the introduction of the CONCACAF Gold Cup. [2]

Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol organization

The Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol, also known by its initiallism CCCF, was the governing body of association football in Central America and the Caribbean from 1938 to 1961.

Central America central geographic region of the Americas

Central America is located on the southern tip of North America, or is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas, bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The combined population of Central America has been estimated to be 41,739,000 and 42,688,190.

North American Football Confederation organization

The North American Football Confederation (NAFC) was founded in 1946 and a forerunner to the CONCACAF as the governing body of football in North America until 1961, when it merged with the Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol (CCCF) to form CONCACAF.

CONCACAF Championship (1963–1989)

CONCACAF was founded in 1961 through the merging of NAFC and CCCF which resulted in a single championship being held for the continent. The first CONCACAF tournament was held in 1963 in El Salvador with Costa Rica becoming the first champion. The CONCACAF Campeonato de Naciones, as it was called, was held every two years from 1963 to 1973. The second tournament was held in Guatemala in 1965 when Mexico defeated the host country in the final of a six-team tournament. The 1967 competition was held in Honduras and saw a third champion crowned, Guatemala. Costa Rica won their second title as hosts in 1969, knocking off Guatemala, while two years later, Mexico won their second championship as the tournament moved to Trinidad & Tobago, the first time in the Caribbean. In 1973, the tournament kept the same format of six teams playing a single round-robin, but there were bigger stakes attached: CONCACAF's berth in the FIFA World Cup tournament in 1974. In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, the host country pulled off a shocking upset by winning the tournament and claiming a spot in the World Cup in West Germany.

With the Campeonato de Naciones doubling as the final World Cup qualifying tournament, the next two editions were held in Mexico City and Tegucigalpa, Honduras in 1977 and 1981, respectively. In each case the host country was crowned champion and earned a spot in the World Cup. In 1985 and 1989, the winner of the World Cup qualifying tournament was again crowned Confederation champion. Canada and Costa Rica were named champions in 1985 and 1989, receiving a trophy. [3] [ better source needed ]

CONCACAF Gold Cup (since 1991)

In 1990, CONCACAF brought the CONCACAF Championship to an end and created the CONCACAF Gold Cup, with the United States hosting the first competition in 1991, and hosting or co-hosting every subsequent iteration of the tournament (as of 2019). The host country was the inaugural champion of the eight-team tournament. Mexico dominated the remainder of the decade, winning three consecutive CONCACAF Gold Cup titles in 1993, 1996 and 1998.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

1991 CONCACAF Gold Cup The first edition of the Gold Cup

The 1991 CONCACAF Gold Cup was the first edition of the Gold Cup, the football (soccer) championship of North America, Central America and the Caribbean (CONCACAF), and the eleventh overall CONCACAF tournament. The last time the CONCACAF Championship was held was 1971, from that point on the first-place finishers of World Cup qualifying were considered continental champions.

1993 CONCACAF Gold Cup

The 1993 CONCACAF Gold Cup was the second edition of the Gold Cup, the football (soccer) championship of North America, Central America and the Caribbean (CONCACAF).

In 1996, the Gold Cup field included its first guest team, the defending FIFA World Cup Champions Brazil. Guests were invited to participate in the six Gold Cup tournaments from 1996 to 2005. Starting with the 2000 Gold Cup, the tournament field was increased to twelve teams and for the 2007 tournament, the Gold Cup again was contested exclusively by nations within CONCACAF.

The 2007 Gold Cup hosts successfully defended their title beating Mexico in the final 2–1 in Chicago; Canada and Guadeloupe shared third place. Mexico won the 2009 Gold Cup by beating the United States 5–0. In the 2011 Gold Cup, Mexico defeated the USA 4–2 in the final while the USA won the 2013 Gold Cup by beating Panama 1–0.

United States mens national soccer team Mens national association football team representing the USA

The United States Men's National Soccer Team (USMNT) is controlled by the United States Soccer Federation and competes in the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football. The team has appeared in ten FIFA World Cups, including the first in 1930, where they reached the semi-finals. The U.S. participated in the 1934 and 1950 World Cups, winning 1–0 against England in the latter. After 1950, the U.S. did not qualify for the World Cup until 1990. The U.S. hosted the 1994 World Cup, where they lost to Brazil in the round of sixteen. They qualified for five more consecutive World Cups after 1994, becoming one of the tournament's regular competitors and often advancing to the knockout stage. The U.S. reached the quarter-finals of the 2002 World Cup, where they lost to Germany. In the 2009 Confederations Cup, they eliminated top-ranked Spain in the semi-finals before losing to Brazil in the final, their only appearance in the final of a major intercontinental tournament. The team failed to qualify for the 2018 World Cup, having been eliminated in continental qualifying, ending the streak of consecutive World Cups at seven. United States will co-host the 2026 FIFA World Cup along with Canada and Mexico, the automatic qualification of all three teams is likely as co-hosts.

Chicago City in Illinois, United States

Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois, as well as the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450 (2017), it is the most populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area, often referred to as Chicagoland, and the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States. The metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, and the fourth largest in North America and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area.

Guadeloupe national football team national association football team

The Guadeloupe regional football team represents the French overseas department and region of Guadeloupe in international football. The team is controlled by the Ligue Guadeloupéenne de Football, a local branch of French Football Federation.

Since the formation of the Gold Cup in 1991, the CONCACAF Championship has been won seven times by Mexico, six times by the United States, and once by Canada. Runners-up include Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama, and Jamaica.

Before 2015, when the Gold Cup did not fall in the same year as the FIFA Confederations Cup, the winner, or highest-placed team that is a member of both CONCACAF and FIFA, qualified for the next staging of that tournament. In 2015, the winners of the previous two Gold Cups (the 2013 and 2015 editions) faced each other in CONCACAF Cup – a playoff to determine the CONCACAF entrant to the 2017 Confederations Cup. [4]

In January 2017, Victor Montagliani announced the expansion of the Gold Cup from 12 to 16 teams, starting with the 2019 tournament. [5] In November 2018, Costa Rica was announced as one of the hosts of the 2019 tournament, with a group B double-header set to be held at the Estadio Nacional. A yet-to-be-determined site in the Caribbean is set to host games in group C. [6]

Results

CONCACAF Gold Cup
#YearHostsFinalThird place matchNumber of teams
WinnersScoreRunners-upThird PlaceScoreFourth Place
11991
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the United States.svg
United States
0–0 ( a.e.t. )
(4–3 pen.)
Flag of Honduras.svg
Honduras
Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
2–0Flag of Costa Rica.svg
Costa Rica
8
21993
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
4–0Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 1–1
( a.e.t. )
( 1 )
Flag of Jamaica.svg
Jamaica
8
31996
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
2–0Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
3–0Flag of Guatemala.svg
Guatemala
9
41998
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
1–0Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
1–0Flag of Jamaica.svg
Jamaica
10
52000
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Canada
2–0Flag of Colombia.svg
Colombia
Not Held12
Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
62002
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the United States.svg
United States
2–0Flag of Costa Rica.svg
Costa Rica
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Canada
2–1Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg
South Korea
12
72003
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
1–0
(a.s.d.e.t.)
Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
3–2Flag of Costa Rica.svg
Costa Rica
12
82005
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the United States.svg
United States
0–0 ( a.e.t. )
(3–1 pen.)
Flag of Panama.svg
Panama
Not held12
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras
92007
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the United States.svg
United States
2–1Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Flag of Guadeloupe (local).svg Guadeloupe
12
102009
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
5–0 Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras
12
112011
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
4–2 Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama
12
122013
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the United States.svg
United States
1–0 Flag of Panama.svg
Panama
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
12
132015
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
3–1 Flag of Jamaica.svg
Jamaica
Flag of Panama.svg
Panama
1–1 a.e.t.
(3–2 pen.)
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
12
142017
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of the United States.svg
United States
2–1 Flag of Jamaica.svg
Jamaica
Not held12
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
152019
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
16

( 1 ) Costa Rica and Jamaica shared third place.

Teams in italics are guest nations.

Performance by country

The following table shows cumulative top four results for all editions of the CONCACAF Gold Cup. The Third Place column lists third-place match winners, and teams eliminated in semi-finals in years without a third-place match.

TeamWinnersRunners-upThird placeFourth place
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 7 (1993, 1996, 1998, 2003, 2009, 2011, 2015)1 (2007)3 (1991, 2013, 2017)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 6 (1991, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2013, 2017)4 (1993, 1998, 2009, 2011)2 (1996, 2003)1 (2015)
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 1 (2000)2 (2002, 2007)
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 2 (2005, 2013)2 (2011, 2015)
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 2 (2015, 2017)1 (1993)1 (1998)
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2 (1996, 2003)1 (1998)
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 1 (1991)4 (2005, 2009, 2011, 2013)
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 1 (2002)3 (1993, 2009, 2017)2 (1991, 2003)
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 1 (2000)1 (2005)
Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 1 (2000)
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 1 (2000)
Flag of Guadeloupe (local).svg  Guadeloupe 1 (2007)
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala 1 (1996)
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 1 (2002)

Records and statistics

All-time table

RankTeamPartPWDLFA+/-PointsBest result
1Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 2210570201523265+157230Champions (10x) (1965, 1971, 1977, 1993, 1996, 1998, 2003, 2009, 2011, 2015)
2Flag of the United States.svg  United States 168562131015759+98199Champions (6x) (1991, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2013, 2017)
3Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 199239272614693+53144Champions (3x) (1963, 1969, 1989)
4Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 1983312032112101+11113Champions (1x) (1981)
5Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 16632420197376-392Champions (2x) (1985, 2000)
6Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala 18691920308288-677Champions (1x) (1967)
7Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 16641917287195-2474Second Place (1963, 1981)
8Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 15591714287496-2265Second Place (1973)
9Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 9421317126150+1156Second Place (2005, 2013)
10Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 1249168255185-3456Second Place (2015, 2017)
11Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti 13531412274775-2854Champions (1x) (1973)
12Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1314824229+1326Second Place (1996, 2003)
13Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 103456232795-6821Fourth Place (1971)
14Flag of Curacao.svg  Curaçao 52155142761-3420Third Place (1963, 1969)
15Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 13135261417-317Second Place (2000)
16Flag of Guadeloupe (local).svg  Guadeloupe 3124171218-613Fourth Place (2007)
17Snake Flag of Martinique.svg  Martinique 5143291130-19116th Place (2002)
18Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 11413076+167th Place (2005)
19Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 11411277+04Fourth Place (2000)
20Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 12704359-44Fourth Place (2002)
21Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 11210122+039th Place (2002)
22Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname 29018826-1816th Place (1977)
23Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua 4150114642-3616th Place (1967)
24Flag of French Guiana.svg  French Guiana 13003210-8012th Place (2017)
25Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1200208-809th Place (1996)
26Flag of Belize.svg  Belize 13003111-10012th Place (2013)
27Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada 26006125-24011th Place (2011)

1 Guest Nations.

Media coverage

In the United States, the CONCACAF Gold Cup airs on Fox Sports (since 2007) and Univision Deportes (since 2000). In Mexico it airs on Televisa and TV Azteca. In Canada it switched to TSN in 2017, after years on Sportsnet.

Official songs

Like most international football tournaments, the CONCACAF Gold Cup has featured official songs for each tournament since 2002. Unlike most larger tournaments, such as the FIFA World Cup, the songs were usually mainstream music released at around the same year of each tournament, in English and/or Spanish (the tournament's official languages) as well as several other languages.

Gold CupOfficial Song/Anthem(s)Language(s)Performer(s)Home country
2002 "More Than a Woman"English Aaliyah Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2003 "That Don't Impress Me Much ( Greatest Hits version)"English Shania Twain Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
2005 "Broken Home"EnglishFan 3Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2007 "Hit Me Up"English Gia Farrell Flag of the United States.svg  United States
"Baila la Copa" [lower-alpha 1] SpanishOséFlag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela
2009 "Know Your Enemy"English Green Day Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2011 "More (RedOne Jimmy Joker Remix)"English Usher Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2013 "Cups"English Anna Kendrick Flag of the United States.svg  United States
"Superhero"EnglishSophia & A-LoFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
2015 "Sun Goes Down"English Robin Schulz with Jasmine Thompson Flag of England.svg  England (Thompson)
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany (Schulz)
"All The Way"English
Spanish
Reykon with Bebe Rexha Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia (Reykon)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States (Rexha)
"You Are Unstoppable"English Conchita Wurst Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
2017 "The Arena"
"Don't Let This Feeling Fade"
English Lindsey Stirling Flag of the United States.svg  United States
"Levántate"SpanishGaleFlag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico
"Thunder"
"Whatever It Takes"
English Imagine Dragons Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2019 "Kill This Love"Korean [lower-alpha 2] Blackpink Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea
TBDSpanishTBDTBD

See also

Notes

  1. Was also used for the 2007 Copa América
  2. Contains lines in English

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References

  1. "2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup – Technical Report" (pdf). CONCACAF. 12 November 2007. p. 4. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  2. http://www.goldcup.org
  3. "1985 Gabriel Kafaty Cup". Flickr. 3 April 2009. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  4. "2013, 2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup winners will play one-off match for 2017 Confederations Cup berth". MLS Soccer. April 5, 2013.
  5. "Montagliani happy with 2016, sees big things for CONCACAF in new year". Jamaica Observer . 5 January 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-02-14. Retrieved 13 February 2017. Of course the Gold Cup is this year and it is the last edition of 12 teams as we will increase it to 16 for the 2019 version.
  6. "Costa Rica to host 2019 Gold Cup group matches". 26 November 2018. Retrieved 26 November 2018.