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In association football, a manager is an occupation of head coach in the United Kingdom responsible for running a football club or a national team. Outside the British Isles, across most of Europe and rest of the world, a title of head coach or coach is predominant.[ citation needed ]
The manager's responsibilities in a professional football club usually include (but are not limited to) the following:[ citation needed ]
Some of the above responsibilities are shared with the director of football or sporting director, and are at times delegated to an assistant manager or club coach.
Additionally, depending on the club, some minor[ citation needed ] responsibilities include:
These responsibilities are more common among managers of small clubs.
The title of manager is almost exclusively used in British football. [ when? ] held by Oliver Bierhoff.In the majority of European countries where professional football is played, the person responsible for the direction of a team is awarded the position of coach or "trainer". For instance, despite the general equivalence in responsibilities, Bobby Robson was referred to as the manager of England, while Joachim Löw was described as the head coach of Germany. Germany also has a team manager role that is subordinate to the head coach and is currently
The responsibilities of a European football manager or head coach tend to be divided up in North American professional sports, where the teams usually have a separate general manager and head coach (known as a field manager in baseball), although occasionally a person may fill both these roles. While the first team coach in football is usually an assistant to the manager who actually holds the real power, the North American-style general manager and head coach have clearly distinct areas of responsibilities. For example, a typical European football manager would have the final say on in-game decisions (including player line-ups), and off-the-field and roster management decisions (including contract negotiations). In North American sports, these duties would be handled separately by the head coach and general manager, respectively.
A referee or simply ref is the person of authority in a variety of sports who is responsible for presiding over the game from a neutral point of view and making on-the-fly decisions that enforce the rules of the sport, including sportsmanship decisions such as ejection. The official tasked with this job may be known, in addition to referee, by a variety of other titles as well, including official, umpire, judge, arbiter, arbitrator, linesman, commissaire, timekeeper, touch judge or Technical Official.
In association footballing terms, a caretaker manager is somebody who takes temporary charge of the management of a football club, usually when the regular manager is dismissed or leaves for a different club. However, a caretaker may also be appointed if the regular manager is suspended, ill or unable to attend to their usual duties. Caretaker managers are normally appointed at short notice from within the club, usually the assistant manager, a senior coach, or an experienced player.
In baseball, the field manager is the equivalent of a head coach who is responsible for overseeing and making final decisions on all aspects of on-field team strategy, lineup selection, training and instruction. Managers are typically assisted by a staff of assistant coaches whose responsibilities are specialized. Field managers are typically not involved in off-field personnel decisions or long-term club planning, responsibilities that are instead held by a team's general manager.
A head coach, senior coach, or manager is a professional at training and developing athletes. They typically hold a more public profile and are paid more than other coaches. In some sports, the head coach is instead called the "manager", as in association football and professional baseball. In other sports such as Australian rules football, the head coach is generally termed a senior coach.
In sports, a coach is a person involved in the direction, instruction and training of the operations of a sports team or of individual sportspeople. A coach may also be a teacher.
A general manager (GM) is an executive who has overall responsibility for managing both the revenue and cost elements of a company's income statement, known as profit & loss (P&L) responsibility. A general manager usually oversees most or all of the firm's marketing and sales functions as well as the day-to-day operations of the business. Frequently, the general manager is responsible for effective planning, delegating, coordinating, staffing, organizing, and decision making to attain desirable profit making results for an organization.
The team captain of an association football team, sometimes known as the skipper, is a team member chosen to be the on-pitch leader of the team; they are often one of the older/or more experienced members of the squad, or a player that can heavily influence a game or has good leadership qualities. The team captain is usually identified by the wearing of an armband.
Fatih Terim is a Turkish association football manager and former player. He is the manager of Galatasaray, a position he previously held three times.
England's national under-21 football team, also known as England under-21s or England U21(s), is considered to be the feeder team for the England national football team.
Luis Miguel Fernández Toledo, known as Luis Fernandez, is a French-Spanish football manager and former player who played as a defender or midfielder.
Edward John Ikem Newton is an English former professional footballer who last managed Turkish side Trabzonspor. He was assistant head coach at Premier League side Chelsea to manager Roberto Di Matteo before the latter was replaced by Rafael Benítez. In December 2015 he was reappointed as assistant manager to interim manager Guus Hiddink.
A player-coach is a member of a sports team who simultaneously holds both playing and coaching duties. A player-coach may be a head coach or an assistant coach. They may make changes to the squad and also play on the team.
Hans-Dieter "Hansi" Flick is a German professional football coach and former player who is the current coach of Bundesliga club Bayern Munich. From August 2006 to July 2014, he was the assistant coach of the Germany national team under manager Joachim Löw. In August 2020, Flick won the UEFA Champions League as the manager of Bayern, completing the club's second continental treble. In February 2021, he also won the FIFA Club World Cup with Bayern Munich leading the club to achieve its first sextuple.
Ulrich "Uli" Stielike is a German former footballer who was last head coach of Tianjin Teda of China's Super League. Usually a central midfielder or sweeper, Stielike was well known for his stamina and footballing intelligence. Stielike is one of a small handful of players to have played in all 3 European club finals, the FIFA World Cup Final and the UEFA European Championship Final.
In association football, an assistant referee is an official empowered with assisting the referee in enforcing the Laws of the Game during a match. Although assistants are not required under the Laws, at most organised levels of football the match officiating crew consists of the referee and at least two assistant referees. The responsibilities of the various assistant referees are listed in Law 6, "The Other Match Officials". In the current Laws the term "assistant referee" technically refers only to the two officials who generally patrol the touchlines, with the wider range of assistants to the referee given other titles.
In baseball, a number of coaches assist in the smooth functioning of a team. They are assistants to the manager, who determines the lineup and decides how to substitute players during the game. Beyond the manager, more than a half dozen coaches may assist the manager in running the team. Essentially, baseball coaches are analogous to assistant coaches in other sports, as the baseball manager is to the head coach.
The 2014 UEFA Champions League Final was the final match of the 2013–14 UEFA Champions League, the 59th season of Europe's premier club football tournament organised by UEFA, and the 22nd season since it was renamed from the European Champion Clubs' Cup to the UEFA Champions League.
Albert Stuivenberg is a Dutch professional football coach and former player who is currently the assistant manager of Arsenal and the Wales national team.
Martinus Richardus Maria "Martin" Sturkenboom is a Dutch entrepreneur, former chairman of professional football club FC Utrecht, interim general manager of AFC Ajax and internationally active as delegate of UEFA and FIFA.
Gijs de Jong is a Dutch football administrator.