|Чемпионат мира по футболу FIFA 2018|
Chempionat mira po futbolu FIFA 2018
2018 елгы дөнья футбол чемпионаты
2018 FIFA World Cup official logo
|Dates||14 June – 15 July|
|Teams||32 (from 5 confederations)|
|Venue(s)||12 (in 11 host cities)|
|Goals scored||169 (2.64 per match)|
|Attendance||3,031,768 (47,371 per match)|
|Best young player|
|Fair play award|
The 2018 FIFA World Cup was the 21st FIFA World Cup, an international football tournament contested by the men's national teams of the member associations of FIFA once every four years. It took place in Russia from 14 June to 15 July 2018. billion, it was the most expensive World Cup. It was also the first World Cup to use the video assistant referee (VAR) system.It was the first World Cup to be held in Eastern Europe, and the 11th time that it had been held in Europe. At an estimated cost of over $14.2
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent. There is no consensus on the precise area it covers, partly because the term has a wide range of geopolitical, geographical, cultural, and socioeconomic connotations. There are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe as there are scholars of the region". A related United Nations paper adds that "every assessment of spatial identities is essentially a social and cultural construct".
The finals involved 32 teams, of which 31 came through qualifying competitions, while the host nation qualified automatically. Of the 32 teams, 20 had also appeared in the previous tournament in 2014, while both Iceland and Panama made their first appearances at a FIFA World Cup. A total of 64 matches were played in 12 venues across 11 cities.
The 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification process was a series of tournaments organised by the six FIFA confederations to decide 31 of the 32 teams which would play in the 2018 FIFA World Cup, with Russia qualifying automatically as hosts. All 210 remaining FIFA member associations were eligible to enter the qualifying process, and for the first time in World Cup history, all eligible national teams registered for the preliminary competition, but Zimbabwe and Indonesia were disqualified before playing their first matches. Bhutan, South Sudan, Gibraltar and Kosovo made their FIFA World Cup qualification debuts.
The Russia national football team represents Russia in association football and is controlled by the Russian Football Union, the governing body for football in Russia. Russia is a member of UEFA, they won the first edition of the respective continental competition in 1960 as the Soviet Union.
The 2014 FIFA World Cup was the 20th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial world championship for men's national football teams organised by FIFA. It took place in Brazil from 12 June to 13 July 2014, after the country was awarded the hosting rights in 2007. It was the second time that Brazil staged the competition, the first being in 1950, and the fifth time that it was held in South America.
Germany were the defending champions, but were eliminated in the group stage.
The Germany national football team is the men's football team that has represented Germany in international competition since 1908. It is governed by the German Football Association, founded in 1900. Ever since the DFB was reinaugurated in 1949 the team has represented the Federal Republic of Germany. Under Allied occupation and division, two other separate national teams were also recognised by FIFA: the Saarland team representing the Saarland (1950–1956) and the East German team representing the German Democratic Republic (1952–1990). Both have been absorbed along with their records by the current national team. The official name and code "Germany FR (FRG)" was shortened to "Germany (GER)" following the reunification in 1990.
The final took place on 15 July at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, between France and Croatia. France won the match 4–2 to claim their second World Cup title, marking the fourth consecutive title won by a European team.
The 2018 FIFA World Cup Final was a football match that took place on 15 July 2018 to determine the winners of the 2018 FIFA World Cup. It was the final of the 21st FIFA World Cup, a quadrennial tournament contested by the men's national teams of the member associations of FIFA. The match was contested by France and Croatia, and held at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, Russia.
Luzhniki Stadium is the national stadium of Russia, located in its capital city, Moscow. The full name of the stadium is Grand Sports Arena of the Luzhniki Olympic Complex. Its total seating capacity of 81,000 makes it the largest football stadium in Russia and one of the largest stadiums in Europe. The stadium is a part of the Luzhniki Olympic Complex, and is located in Khamovniki District of the Central Administrative Okrug of Moscow city. The name Luzhniki derives from the flood meadows in the bend of Moskva River where the stadium was built, translating roughly as "The Meadows".
Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits, 17 million within the urban area and 20 million within the metropolitan area. Moscow is one of Russia's federal cities.
The bidding procedure to host the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cup tournaments began in January 2009, and national associations had until 2 February 2009 to register their interest.Initially, nine countries placed bids for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, but Mexico later withdrew from proceedings, and Indonesia's bid was rejected by FIFA in February 2010 after the Indonesian government failed to submit a letter to support the bid. During the bidding process, the three remaining non-UEFA nations (Australia, Japan, and the United States) gradually withdrew from the 2018 bids, and the UEFA nations were thus ruled out of the 2022 bid. As such, there were eventually four bids for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, two of which were joint bids: England, Russia, Netherlands/Belgium, and Portugal/Spain.
The bidding process for the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups was the process by which the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) selected locations for the 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cups. The process began officially in March 2009; eleven bids from thirteen countries were received, including one which was withdrawn and one that was rejected before FIFA's executive committee voted in November 2010. Two of the remaining nine bids applied only to the 2022 World Cup, while the rest were initially applications for both. Over the course of the bidding, all non-European bids for the 2018 event were withdrawn, resulting in the exclusion of all European bids from consideration for the 2022 edition. By the time of the decision, bids for the 2018 World Cup included England, Russia, a joint bid from Belgium and Netherlands, and a joint bid from Portugal and Spain. Bids for the 2022 World Cup came from Australia, Japan, Qatar, South Korea, and the United States. Indonesia's bid was disqualified due to lack of governmental support, and Mexico withdrew its bid for financial reasons.
The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football, futsal and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members.
The 22-member FIFA Executive Committee convened in Zürich on 2 December 2010 to vote to select the hosts of both tournaments.Russia won the right to be the 2018 host in the second round of voting. The Portugal/Spain bid came second, and that from Belgium/Netherlands third. England, which was bidding to host its second tournament, was eliminated in the first round.
The FIFA Council is an institution of FIFA. It is the main decision-making body of the organization in the intervals of FIFA Congress. Its members are elected by the FIFA Congress. The council is a non-executive, supervisory and strategic body that sets the vision for FIFA and global football.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich. It is located in north-central Switzerland at the northwestern tip of Lake Zürich. The municipality has approximately 409,000 inhabitants, the urban agglomeration 1.315 million and the Zürich metropolitan area 1.83 million. Zürich is a hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. Both Zürich Airport and railway station are the largest and busiest in the country.
The voting results were as follows:
|Round 1||Round 2|
|Portugal / Spain||7||7|
|Belgium / Netherlands||4||2|
The English Football Association and others raised concerns of bribery on the part of the Russian team and corruption from FIFA members. They claimed that four members of the executive committee had requested bribes to vote for England, and Sepp Blatter had said that it had already been arranged before the vote that Russia would win.The 2014 Garcia Report, an internal investigation led by Michael J. Garcia, was withheld from public release by Hans-Joachim Eckert, FIFA's head of adjudication on ethical matters. Eckert instead released a shorter revised summary, and his (and therefore FIFA's) reluctance to publish the full report caused Garcia to resign in protest. Because of the controversy, the FA refused to accept Eckert's absolving of Russia from blame, with Greg Dyke calling for a re-examination of the affair and David Bernstein calling for a boycott of the World Cup.
For the first time in the history of the FIFA World Cup, all eligible nations – the 209 FIFA member associations minus automatically qualified hosts Russia – applied to enter the qualifying process.Zimbabwe and Indonesia were later disqualified before playing their first matches, while Gibraltar and Kosovo, who joined FIFA on 13 May 2016 after the qualifying draw but before European qualifying had begun, also entered the competition. Places in the tournament were allocated to continental confederations, with the allocation unchanged from the 2014 World Cup. The first qualification game, between Timor-Leste and Mongolia, began in Dili on 12 March 2015 as part of the AFC's qualification, and the main qualifying draw took place at the Konstantinovsky Palace in Strelna, Saint Petersburg, on 25 July 2015.
Of the 32 nations qualified to play at the 2018 FIFA World Cup, 20 countries competed at the previous tournament in 2014. Both Iceland and Panama qualified for the first time, with the former becoming the smallest country in terms of population to reach the World Cup.Other teams returning after absences of at least three tournaments include: Egypt, returning to the finals after their last appearance in 1990; Morocco, who last competed in 1998; Peru, returning after 1982; and Senegal, competing for the second time after reaching the quarter-finals in 2002. It is the first time three Nordic countries (Denmark, Iceland and Sweden) and four Arab nations (Egypt, Morocco, Saudi Arabia and Tunisia) have qualified for the World Cup.
Notable countries that failed to qualify include four-time champions Italy (for the first time since 1958), three-time runners-up and third placed in 2014 the Netherlands (for the first time since 2002), and four reigning continental champions: 2017 Africa Cup of Nations winners Cameroon, two-time Copa América champions and 2017 Confederations Cup runners-up Chile, 2016 OFC Nations Cup winners New Zealand, and 2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup champions United States (for the first time since 1986). The other notable qualifying streaks broken were for Ghana and Ivory Coast, who had both made the previous three tournaments.
Note: Numbers in parentheses indicate positions in the FIFA World Rankings at the time of the tournament.
The draw was held on 1 December 2017 at 18:00 MSK at the State Kremlin Palace in Moscow.The 32 teams were drawn into 8 groups of 4, by selecting one team from each of the 4 ranked pots.
For the draw, the teams were allocated to four pots based on the FIFA World Rankings of October 2017. Pot 1 contained the hosts Russia (who were automatically assigned to position A1) and the best seven teams, pot 2 contained the next best eight teams, and so on for pots 3 and 4.This was different from previous draws, when only pot 1 was based on FIFA rankings while the remaining pots were based on geographical considerations. However, teams from the same confederation still were not drawn against each other for the group stage, except that two UEFA teams could be in each group.
|Pot 1||Pot 2||Pot 3||Pot 4|
Initially, each team had to name a preliminary squad of 30 players but, in February 2018, this was increased to 35.From the preliminary squad, the team had to name a final squad of 23 players (three of whom must be goalkeepers) by 4 June. Players in the final squad may be replaced for serious injury up to 24 hours prior to kickoff of the team's first match and such replacements do not need to have been named in the preliminary squad.
For players named in the 35-player preliminary squad, there was a mandatory rest period between 21 and 27 May 2018, except for those involved in the 2018 UEFA Champions League Final played on 26 May.
On 29 March 2018, FIFA released the list of 36 referees and 63 assistant referees selected to oversee matches.On 30 April 2018, FIFA released the list of 13 video assistant referees, who solely acted in this capacity in the tournament.
Referee Fahad Al-Mirdasi of Saudi Arabia was removed in 30 May 2018 over a match-fixing attempt,along with his two assistant referees, compatriots Mohammed Al-Abakry and Abdulah Al-Shalwai. A new referee was not appointed, but two assistant referees, Hasan Al Mahri of the United Arab Emirates and Hiroshi Yamauchi of Japan, were added to the list. Assistant referee Marwa Range of Kenya also withdrew after the BBC released an investigation conducted by a Ghanaian journalist which implicated Marwa in a bribery scandal.
|List of officials|
|Confederation||Referee||Assistant referees||Video assistant referees|
|AFC||Alireza Faghani (Iran)||Reza Sokhandan (Iran)|
Mohammadreza Mansouri (Iran)
|Abdulrahman Al-Jassim (Qatar)|
|Ravshan Irmatov (Uzbekistan)|| Abdukhamidullo Rasulov (Uzbekistan)|
Jakhongir Saidov (Uzbekistan)
|Mohammed Abdulla Hassan Mohamed (United Arab Emirates)||Mohamed Al Hammadi (United Arab Emirates)|
Hasan Al Mahri (United Arab Emirates)
|Ryuji Sato (Japan)||Toru Sagara (Japan)|
Hiroshi Yamauchi (Japan)
|Nawaf Shukralla (Bahrain)||Yaser Tulefat (Bahrain)|
Taleb Al Maari (Qatar)
|CAF||Mehdi Abid Charef (Algeria)||Anouar Hmila (Tunisia)|
|Malang Diedhiou (Senegal)||Djibril Camara (Senegal)|
El Hadji Samba (Senegal)
|Bakary Gassama (Gambia)||Jean Claude Birumushahu (Burundi)|
Abdelhak Etchiali (Algeria)
|Gehad Grisha (Egypt)||Redouane Achik (Morocco)|
Waleed Ahmed (Sudan)
|Janny Sikazwe (Zambia)||Jerson Dos Santos (Angola)|
Zakhele Siwela (South Africa)
|Bamlak Tessema Weyesa (Ethiopia)|
|CONCACAF||Joel Aguilar (El Salvador)||Juan Zumba (El Salvador)|
Juan Carlos Mora (Costa Rica)
|Mark Geiger (United States)||Frank Anderson (United States)|
Joe Fletcher (Canada)
|Jair Marrufo (United States)||Corey Rockwell (United States)|
|Ricardo Montero (Costa Rica)|
|John Pitti (Panama)||Gabriel Victoria (Panama)|
|César Arturo Ramos (Mexico)||Marvin Torrentera (Mexico)|
Miguel Hernández (Mexico)
|CONMEBOL||Julio Bascuñán (Chile)||Carlos Astroza (Chile)|
Christian Schiemann (Chile)
| Wilton Sampaio (Brazil)|
Gery Vargas (Bolivia)
Mauro Vigliano (Argentina)
|Enrique Cáceres (Paraguay)||Eduardo Cardozo (Paraguay)|
Juan Zorrilla (Paraguay)
|Andrés Cunha (Uruguay)||Nicolás Tarán (Uruguay)|
Mauricio Espinosa (Uruguay)
|Néstor Pitana (Argentina)||Hernán Maidana (Argentina)|
Juan Pablo Belatti (Argentina)
|Sandro Ricci (Brazil)||Emerson de Carvalho (Brazil)|
Marcelo Van Gasse (Brazil)
|Wilmar Roldán (Colombia)||Alexander Guzmán (Colombia)|
Cristian de la Cruz (Colombia)
|OFC||Matthew Conger (New Zealand)||Simon Lount (New Zealand)|
Tevita Makasini (Tonga)
|Norbert Hauata (Tahiti)||Bertrand Brial (New Caledonia)|
|UEFA||Felix Brych (Germany)||Mark Borsch (Germany)|
Stefan Lupp (Germany)
| Bastian Dankert (Germany)|
Artur Soares Dias (Portugal)
Paweł Gil (Poland)
Massimiliano Irrati (Italy)
Tiago Martins (Portugal)
Danny Makkelie (Netherlands)
Daniele Orsato (Italy)
Paolo Valeri (Italy)
Felix Zwayer (Germany)
|Cüneyt Çakır (Turkey)||Bahattin Duran (Turkey)|
Tarık Ongun (Turkey)
|Sergei Karasev (Russia)||Anton Averianov (Russia)|
Tikhon Kalugin (Russia)
|Björn Kuipers (Netherlands)||Sander van Roekel (Netherlands)|
Erwin Zeinstra (Netherlands)
|Szymon Marciniak (Poland)||Paweł Sokolnicki (Poland)|
Tomasz Listkiewicz (Poland)
|Antonio Mateu Lahoz (Spain)||Pau Cebrián Devís (Spain)|
Roberto Díaz Pérez (Spain)
|Milorad Mažić (Serbia)||Milovan Ristić (Serbia)|
Dalibor Đurđević (Serbia)
|Gianluca Rocchi (Italy)||Elenito Di Liberatore (Italy)|
Mauro Tonolini (Italy)
|Damir Skomina (Slovenia)||Jure Praprotnik (Slovenia)|
Robert Vukan (Slovenia)
|Clément Turpin (France)||Cyril Gringore (France)|
Nicolas Danos (France)
Shortly after the International Football Association Board's decision to incorporate video assistant referees (VARs) into the Laws of the Game, on 16 March 2018, the FIFA Council took the much-anticipated step of approving the use of VAR for the first time in a FIFA World Cup tournament.
VAR operations for all games are operating from a single headquarters in Moscow, which receives live video of the games and are in radio contact with the on-field referees.Systems are in place for communicating VAR-related information to broadcasters and visuals on stadiums' large screens are used for the fans in attendance.
VAR had a significant impact in several games.On 15 June 2018, Diego Costa's goal against Portugal became the first World Cup goal based on a VAR decision; the first penalty as a result of a VAR decision was awarded to France in their match against Australia on 16 June and resulted in a goal by Antoine Griezmann. A record number of penalties were awarded in the tournament, with this phenomenon being partially attributed to VAR. Overall, the new technology has been both praised and criticised by commentators. FIFA declared the implementation of VAR a success after the first week of competition.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stadiums of FIFA World Cup 2018 .|
Russia proposed the following host cities: Kaliningrad, Kazan, Krasnodar, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Saransk, Sochi, Volgograd, Yaroslavl, and Yekaterinburg.Most cities are in European Russia, while Yekaterinburg is very close to the Europe-Asia border, to reduce travel time for the teams in the huge country. The bid evaluation report stated: "The Russian bid proposes 13 host cities and 16 stadiums, thus exceeding FIFA's minimum requirement. Three of the 16 stadiums would be renovated, and 13 would be newly constructed."
In October 2011, Russia decreased the number of stadiums from 16 to 14. Construction of the proposed Podolsk stadium in the Moscow region was cancelled by the regional government, and also in the capital, Otkrytiye Arena was competing with Dynamo Stadium over which would be constructed first.
The final choice of host cities was announced on 29 September 2012. The number of cities was further reduced to 11 and number of stadiums to 12 as Krasnodar and Yaroslavl were dropped from the final list. Of the 12 stadiums used for the tournament, 3 (Luzhniki, Yekaterinburg and Sochi) have been extensively renovated and the other 9 stadiums to be used are brand new; $11.8 billion has been spent on hosting the tournament.
Sepp Blatter stated in July 2014 that, given the concerns over the completion of venues in Russia, the number of venues for the tournament may be reduced from 12 to 10. He also said, "We are not going to be in a situation, as is the case of one, two or even three stadiums in South Africa, where it is a problem of what you do with these stadiums".
In October 2014, on their first official visit to Russia, FIFA's inspection committee and its head Chris Unger visited St Petersburg, Sochi, Kazan and both Moscow venues. They were satisfied with the progress.
On 8 October 2015, FIFA and the Local Organising Committee agreed on the official names of the stadiums used during the tournament.
Of the twelve venues used, the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow and the Saint Petersburg Stadium – the two largest stadiums in Russia – were used most, both hosting seven matches. Sochi, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod and Samara all hosted six matches, including one quarter-final match each, while the Otkrytiye Stadium in Moscow and Rostov-on-Don hosted five matches, including one round-of-16 match each. Volgograd, Kaliningrad, Yekaterinburg and Saransk all hosted four matches, but did not host any knockout stage games.
Twelve stadiums in eleven Russian cities were built and renovated for the FIFA World Cup.
|Luzhniki Stadium|| Otkritie Arena |
| Krestovsky Stadium |
(Saint Petersburg Stadium)
| Fisht Olympic Stadium |
|Capacity: 78,011||Capacity: 44,190||Capacity: 64,468||Capacity: 44,287|
|Volgograd Arena||Rostov Arena|
|Capacity: 43,713||Capacity: 43,472|
|Nizhny Novgorod Stadium||Kazan Arena|
|Capacity: 43,319||Capacity: 42,873|
|Samara Arena||Mordovia Arena||Kaliningrad Stadium|| Central Stadium |
|Capacity: 41,970||Capacity: 41,685||Capacity: 33,973||Capacity: 33,061|
Base camps were used by the 32 national squads to stay and train before and during the World Cup tournament. On 9 February 2018, FIFA announced the base camps for each participating team.
At an estimated cost of over $14.2 billion as of June 2018 [update] , it is the most expensive World Cup in history, surpassing the cost of the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil.
The Russian government had originally earmarked a budget of around $20 billion which was later slashed to $10 billion for the preparations of the World Cup, of which half is spent on transport infrastructure. As part of the program for preparation to the 2018 FIFA World Cup, a federal sub-program "Construction and Renovation of Transport Infrastructure" was implemented with a total budget of 352.5 billion rubles, with 170.3 billion coming from the federal budget, 35.1 billion from regional budgets, and 147.1 billion from investors. The biggest item of federal spending was the aviation infrastructure (117.8 billion rubles). Construction of new hotels was a crucial area of infrastructure development in the World Cup host cities. Costs continued to balloon as preparations were underway.
Platov International Airport in Rostov-on-Don was upgraded with automated air traffic control systems, modern surveillance, navigation, communication, control, and meteorological support systems. billion rubles, over-running the 5.6 billion rubles originally allocated from the state and regional budget.Koltsovo Airport in Yekaterinburg was upgraded with radio-engineering tools for flight operation and received its second runway strip. Saransk Airport received a new navigation system; the city also got two new hotels, Mercure Saransk Centre (Accor Hotels) and Four Points by Sheraton Saransk (Starwood Hotels) as well as few other smaller accommodation facilities. In Samara, new tram lines were laid. Khrabrovo Airport in Kaliningrad was upgraded with radio navigation and weather equipment. Renovation and upgrade of radio-engineering tools for flight operation was completed in the airports of Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Volgograd, Samara, Yekaterinburg, Kazan and Sochi. On 27 March, the Ministry of Construction Industry, Housing and Utilities Sector of Russia reported that all communications within its area of responsibility have been commissioned. The last facility commissioned was a waste treatment station in Volgograd. In Yekaterinburg, where four matches are hosted, hosting costs increased to over 7.4
Volunteer applications to the Russia 2018 Local Organising Committee opened on 1 June 2016. The 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia Volunteer Program received about 177,000 applications,and engaged a total of 35,000 volunteers. They received training at 15 Volunteer Centres of the Local Organising Committee based in 15 universities, and in Volunteer Centres in the host cities. Preference, especially in the key areas, was given to those with knowledge of foreign languages and volunteering experience, but not necessarily to Russian nationals.
Free public transport services were offered for ticketholders during the World Cup, including additional trains linking between host cities, as well as services such as bus service within them.
The full schedule was announced by FIFA on 24 July 2015 (without kick-off times, which were confirmed later).On 1 December 2017, following the final draw, six kick-off times were adjusted by FIFA.
Russia was placed in position A1 in the group stage and played in the opening match at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow on 14 June against Saudi Arabia, the two lowest-ranked teams of the tournament at the time of the final draw.The Luzhniki Stadium also hosted the second semi-final on 11 July and the final on 15 July. The Krestovsky Stadium in Saint Petersburg hosted the first semi-final on 10 July and the third place play-off on 14 July.
The opening ceremony took place on Thursday, 14 June 2018, at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, preceding the opening match of the tournament between hosts Russia and Saudi Arabia.
At the start of the ceremony, Russian president Vladimir Putin gave a speech, welcoming the countries of the world to Russia and calling football a uniting force.Brazilian World Cup-winning striker Ronaldo entered the stadium with a child in a Russia shirt. Pop singer Robbie Williams then sang two of his songs solo before he and Russian soprano Aida Garifullina performed a duet. Dancers dressed in the flags of the 32 competing teams appeared carrying a sign with the name of each nation. At the end of the ceremony Ronaldo reappeared with the official match ball which had returned from the International Space Station in early June.
Competing countries were divided into eight groups of four teams (groups A to H). Teams in each group played one another in a round-robin basis, with the top two teams of each group advancing to the knockout stage. Ten European teams and four South American teams progressed to the knockout stage, together with Japan and Mexico.
For the first time since 1938, Germany (reigning champions) did not advance past the first round. For the first time since 1982, no African team progressed to the second round. For the first time, the fair play criteria came into use, when Japan qualified over Senegal due to having received fewer yellow cards. Only one match, France v Denmark, was goalless. Until then there were a record 36 straight games in which at least one goal was scored.
All times listed below are local time.
The ranking of teams in the group stage was determined as follows:
|1||3||3||0||0||5||0||+5||9||Advance to knockout stage|
| Russia ||5–0|
| Egypt ||0–1|
| Russia ||3–1|
| Uruguay ||1–0|
| Uruguay ||3–0|
|1||3||1||2||0||6||5||+1||5||Advance to knockout stage|
| Morocco ||0–1|
| Portugal ||3–3|
| Portugal ||1–0|
| Iran ||0–1|
| Iran ||1–1|
|1||3||2||1||0||3||1||+2||7||Advance to knockout stage|
| France ||2–1|
| Peru ||0–1|
| Denmark ||1–1|
| France ||1–0|
| Denmark ||0–0|
|1||3||3||0||0||7||1||+6||9||Advance to knockout stage|
| Argentina ||1–1|
| Croatia ||2–0|
| Argentina ||0–3|
| Nigeria ||2–0|
| Nigeria ||1–2|
|1||3||2||1||0||5||1||+4||7||Advance to knockout stage|
| Costa Rica ||0–1|
| Brazil ||1–1|
| Brazil ||2–0|
| Serbia ||1–2|
| Serbia ||0–2|
|1||3||2||0||1||5||2||+3||6||Advance to knockout stage|
| Germany ||0–1|
| Sweden ||1–0|
| South Korea ||1–2|
| Germany ||2–1|
| South Korea ||2–0|
|1||3||3||0||0||9||2||+7||9||Advance to knockout stage|
| Belgium ||3–0|
| Tunisia ||1–2|
| Belgium ||5–2|
| England ||6–1|
| England ||0–1|
|1||3||2||0||1||5||2||+3||6||Advance to knockout stage|
| Colombia ||1–2|
| Poland ||1–2|
| Japan ||2–2|
| Poland ||0–3|
| Japan ||0–1|
In the knockout stages, if a match is level at the end of normal playing time, extra time is played (two periods of 15 minutes each) and followed, if necessary, by a penalty shoot-out to determine the winners.
If a match went into extra time, each team was allowed to make a fourth substitution, the first time this had been allowed in a FIFA World Cup tournament.
|Round of 16||Quarter-finals||Semi-finals||Final|
|30 June – Sochi|
|6 July – Nizhny Novgorod|
|30 June – Kazan|
|10 July – Saint Petersburg|
|2 July – Samara|
|6 July – Kazan|
|2 July – Rostov-on-Don|
|15 July – Moscow (Luzhniki)|
|1 July – Moscow (Luzhniki)|
|7 July – Sochi|
|1 July – Nizhny Novgorod|
|11 July – Moscow (Luzhniki)|
|3 July – Saint Petersburg|
|1||Third place play-off|
|7 July – Samara||14 July – Saint Petersburg|
|3 July – Moscow (Otkritie)|
| France ||4–3|
| Uruguay ||2–1|
| Spain ||1–1 (a.e.t.)|
| Croatia ||1–1 (a.e.t.)|
| Brazil ||2–0|
| Belgium ||3–2|
| Sweden ||1–0|
| Uruguay ||0–2|
| Brazil ||1–2|
| Sweden ||0–2|
| France ||1–0|
There were 169 goals scored in 64 matches, for an average of 2.64 goals per match.
Twelve own goals were scored during the tournament, doubling the record of six set in 1998.
1 own goal
In total, only four players were sent off in the entire tournament, the fewest since 1978.International Football Association Board technical director David Elleray stated a belief that this was due to the introduction of VAR, since players would know that they would not be able to get away with anything under the new system.
A player is automatically suspended for the next match for the following offences:
The following suspensions were served during the tournament:
|Group H vs Poland (matchday 2; 24 June)|
|Group C vs France (matchday 3; 26 June)|
|Group F vs South Korea (matchday 3; 27 June)|
|Group G vs Tunisia (matchday 3; 28 June)|
|Group G vs Tunisia (matchday 3; 28 June)|
|Round of 16 vs Spain (1 July)|
|Round of 16 vs Switzerland (3 July)|
|Round of 16 vs Brazil (2 July)|
|Round of 16 vs Sweden (3 July)|
|Round of 16 vs Sweden (3 July)|
|Quarter-finals vs Uruguay (6 July)|
|Quarter-finals vs Belgium (6 July)|
|Quarter-finals vs England (7 July)|
|Suspension served outside tournament|
|Semi-finals vs France (10 July)|
The following awards were given at the conclusion of the tournament. The Golden Boot (top scorer), Golden Ball (best overall player) and Golden Glove (best goalkeeper) awards were all sponsored by Adidas.
|Golden Ball||Silver Ball||Bronze Ball|
|Golden Boot||Silver Boot||Bronze Boot|
(6 goals, 0 assists)
(4 goals, 2 assists)
(4 goals, 1 assist)
|Best Young Player|
|FIFA Fair Play Award|
Additionally, FIFA.com shortlisted 18 goals for users to vote on as the tournaments' best.The poll closed on 23 July. The award was sponsored by Hyundai.
|Goal of the Tournament|
|2–2||Round of 16|
As was the case during the 2010 and 2014 editions, FIFA did not release an official All-Star Team, but instead invited users of FIFA.com to elect their Fan Dream Team.
FIFA also published an alternate team of the tournament based on player performances evaluated through statistical data.
Prize money amounts were announced in October 2017.
|Position||Amount (million USD)|
|5th–8th place (quarter-finals)||16||64|
|9th–16th place (round of 16)||12||96|
|17th–32nd place (group stage)||8||128|
The tournament logo was unveiled on 28 October 2014 by cosmonauts at the International Space Station and then projected onto Moscow's Bolshoi Theatre during an evening television programme. Russian Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko said that the logo was inspired by "Russia's rich artistic tradition and its history of bold achievement and innovation", and FIFA President Sepp Blatter stated that it reflected the "heart and soul" of the country. душа , Russian for soul) designed by Brandia Central and edited by Adotbelow of DSType Foundry in Portugal.For the branding, Portuguese design agency Brandia Central created materials in 2014, with a typeface called Dusha (from
The official mascot for the tournament was unveiled 21 October 2016, and selected through a design competition among university students. A public vote was used to select from three finalists—a cat, a tiger, and a wolf. The winner, with 53% of approximately 1 million votes, was Zabivaka—an anthropomorphic wolf dressed in the colours of the Russian national team. Zabivaka's name is a portmanteau of the Russian words забияка ("hothead") and забивать ("to score"), and his official backstory states that he is an aspiring football player who is "charming, confident and social".
The first phase of ticket sales started on 14 September 2017, 12:00 Moscow Time, and lasted until 12 October 2017.
The general visa policy of Russia did not apply to participants and spectators, who were able to visit Russia without a visa right before and during the competition regardless of their citizenship.Spectators were nonetheless required to register for a "Fan-ID", a special photo identification pass. A Fan-ID was required to enter the country visa-free, while a ticket, Fan-ID and a valid passport were required to enter stadiums for matches. Fan-IDs also granted World Cup attendees free access to public transport services, including buses, and train service between host cities. Fan-ID was administered by the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media, who could revoke these accreditations at any time to "ensure the defence capability or security of the state or public order".
The official match ball, the "Telstar 18", was unveiled 9 November 2017. It is based on the name and design of the first Adidas World Cup ball from 1970.A special red-coloured variation, "Telstar Mechta", was used for the knockout stage of the tournament. The word mechta (Russian: мечта) means dream or ambition.
Goalkeepers noted that the ball was slippery and prone to having unpredictable trajectory.In addition, two Telstar 18 balls popped in the midst of a first-round match between France and Australia, leading to further discussions over the ball's performance.
On 29 May 2018, Electronic Arts released a free update to FIFA 18 that added content related to the 2018 FIFA World Cup. The expansion included a World Cup tournament mode with all teams and stadiums from the event, official television presentation elements, and World Cup-related content for the Ultimate Team mode.
Panini continued their partnership with FIFA by producing stickers for their World Cup sticker album.Panini also developed an app for the 2018 World Cup where fans could collect and swap virtual stickers, with five million fans gathering digital stickers for the tournament.
The official song of the tournament was "Live It Up", with vocals from Will Smith, Nicky Jam and Era Istrefi, released on 25 May 2018. Its music video was released on 8 June 2018.
Thirty-three footballers who are alleged to be part of the steroid program are listed in the McLaren Report.On 22 December 2017, it was reported that FIFA fired a doctor who had been investigating doping in Russian football. On 22 May 2018 FIFA confirmed that the investigations concerning all Russian players named for the provisional squad of the FIFA World Cup in Russia had been completed, with the result that insufficient evidence was found to assert an anti-doping rule violation. FIFA's medical committee also decided that Russian personnel would not be involved in performing drug testing procedures at the tournament; the action was taken to reassure teams that the samples would remain untampered.
The choice of Russia as host has been challenged. Controversial issues have included the level of racism in Russian football,and discrimination against LGBT peopl