1990 FIFA World Cup

Last updated

1990 FIFA World Cup
Coppa del Mondo FIFA Italia '90
1990 FIFA World Cup.svg
1990 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host countryItaly
Dates8 June – 8 July (31 days)
Teams24 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)12 (in 12 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Germany.svg  West Germany (3rd title)
Runners-upFlag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Third placeFlag of Italy.svg  Italy
Fourth placeFlag of England.svg  England
Tournament statistics
Matches played52
Goals scored115 (2.21 per match)
Attendance2,516,215 (48,389 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Italy.svg Salvatore Schillaci (6 goals)
Best player(s) Flag of Italy.svg Salvatore Schillaci
Best young player Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Robert Prosinečki
Fair play awardFlag of England.svg  England
1986
1994

The 1990 FIFA World Cup was the 14th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football tournament. It was held from 8 June to 8 July 1990 in Italy, the second country to host the event twice (the first being Mexico in 1986). Teams representing 116 national football associations entered and qualification began in April 1988. 22 teams qualified from this process, along with host nation Italy and defending champions Argentina.

FIFA World Cup association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

Association football team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

1986 FIFA World Cup 1986 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1986 FIFA World Cup, the 13th FIFA World Cup, was held in Mexico from 31 May to 29 June 1986. The tournament was the second to feature a 24-team format. With European nations not allowed to host after the previous World Cup in Spain, Colombia had been originally chosen to host the competition by FIFA but, largely due to economic reasons, was not able to do so and officially resigned in 1982. Mexico was selected as the new host in May 1983, thus becoming the first country to host the World Cup more than once. This was the third FIFA World Cup tournament in succession that was hosted by a Spanish-speaking country, after Argentina 1978, and Spain 1982.

Contents

The tournament was won by West Germany, their third World Cup title. They beat Argentina 1–0 at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome, a rematch of the previous final four years earlier. Italy finished third and England fourth, after both lost their semi-finals in penalty shootouts. This was the last tournament to feature a team from West Germany, with the country being reunified with East Germany a few months later in October, as well as teams from the Eastern Bloc prior to the end of the Cold War in 1991, as the Soviet Union, Romania, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia teams made appearances. Costa Rica, Ireland and the UAE made their first appearances in the finals. As of 2018, this was the last time the UAE qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals. The official match ball was the Adidas Etrusco Unico.

Germany national football team mens national association football team representing Germany

The Germany national football team is the men's football team that has represented Germany in international competition since 1908. It is governed by the German Football Association, founded in 1900. Ever since the DFB was reinaugurated in 1949 the team has represented the Federal Republic of Germany. Under Allied occupation and division, two other separate national teams were also recognised by FIFA: the Saarland team representing the Saarland (1950–1956) and the East German team representing the German Democratic Republic (1952–1990). Both have been absorbed along with their records by the current national team. The official name and code "Germany FR (FRG)" was shortened to "Germany (GER)" following the reunification in 1990.

1990 FIFA World Cup Final

The 1990 FIFA World Cup Final was a football match played between West Germany and Argentina to determine the winner of the 1990 FIFA World Cup. The game took place on 8 July 1990 at the Stadio Olimpico in Italy's capital and largest city, Rome, and was won 1–0 by West Germany, with a late penalty kick taken by Andreas Brehme being the game's only goal.

Stadio Olimpico stadium in Rome, Italy

The Stadio Olimpico is the main and largest sports facility of Rome, Italy. It is located within the Foro Italico sports complex, north of the city. The structure is an asset of the Italian National Olympic Committee and it is used primarily for association football. The Stadio Olimpico is the home stadium of Lazio and Roma and also hosts the Coppa Italia final. It was rebuilt for the 1990 FIFA World Cup and it hosted the tournament final.

The 1990 World Cup is widely regarded as one of the poorest World Cups in terms of the games. [1] [2] [3] [4] It generated an average 2.2 goals per game – a record low that still stands [5] – and a then-record 16 red cards, including the first ever dismissal in a final. Regarded as being the World Cup that has had perhaps the most lasting influence on the game as a whole, [6] it saw the introduction of the pre-match Fair Play Flag (then inscribed with "Fair Play Please") to encourage fair play. Defensive tactics led to the introduction of the back-pass rule in 1992 and three points for a win instead of two at future World Cups. The tournament also produced some of the World Cup’s best remembered moments and stories, including the emergence of African nations, in addition to what has become the World Cup soundtrack: “Nessun dorma”. [6]

In association football, the back-pass rule prohibits the goalkeeper from handling the ball in most cases when it is passed to them by a team-mate. It is described in Law 12, Section 2 of the Laws of the Game.

Three points for a win is a standard used in many sports leagues and group tournaments, especially in association football, in which three points are awarded to the team winning a match, with no points awarded to the losing team. If the game is drawn, each team receives one point. The system places additional value on wins compared to draws such that teams with a higher number of wins may rank higher in tables than teams with a lower number of wins but more draws.

"Nessun dorma" is an aria from the final act of Giacomo Puccini's opera Turandot and one of the best-known tenor arias in all opera. It is sung by Calaf, il principe ignoto, who falls in love at first sight with the beautiful but cold Princess Turandot. Any man who wishes to wed Turandot must first answer her three riddles; if he fails, he will be beheaded. In the aria, Calaf expresses his triumphant assurance that he will win the princess.

The 1990 World Cup stands as one of the most watched events in television history, garnering an estimated 26.69 billion non-unique viewers over the course of the tournament. [7] This was the first World Cup to be officially recorded and transmitted in HDTV by the Italian broadcaster RAI in association with Japan's NHK. [8] The huge success of the broadcasting model has also had a lasting impact on the sport. [6] At the time it was the most watched World Cup in history in non-unique viewers, but was bettered by the 1994 and 2002 World Cups. [9]

RAI Italys national public-service radio and television broadcasting organization

RAI – Radiotelevisione italiana S.p.A. (Italian pronunciation: [ˈrai ˌradjoteleviˈzjoːne itaˈljaːna]; commercially styled as Rai since 2000; known until 1954 as Radio Audizioni Italiane is the national public broadcasting company of Italy, owned by the Ministry of Economy and Finance.

NHK Japanese broadcasting company

NHK is Japan's national public broadcasting organization. NHK, which has always been known by this romanized acronym in Japanese, is a publicly owned corporation funded by viewers' payments of a television license fee.

1994 FIFA World Cup 1994 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1994 FIFA World Cup was the 15th FIFA World Cup, held in nine cities across the United States from 17 June to 17 July 1994. The United States was chosen as the host by FIFA on 4 July 1988. Despite the host nation's lack of soccer tradition, the tournament was the most financially successful in World Cup history; aided by the high-capacity stadiums in the United States, it broke the World Cup average attendance record with more than 69,000 spectators per game, a mark that still stands. The total attendance of nearly 3.6 million for the final tournament remains the highest in World Cup history, despite the expansion of the competition from 24 to 32 teams, which was first introduced at the 1998 World Cup and is the current format.

Host selection

The vote to choose the hosts of the 1990 tournament was held on 19 May 1984 in Zürich, Switzerland. Here, the FIFA Executive Committee chose Italy ahead of the only rival bid, the USSR, by 11 votes to 5. [10] This awarding made Italy only the second nation to host two World Cup tournaments, after Mexico had also achieved this with their 1986 staging. Italy had previously had the event in 1934, where they had won their first championship.

Zürich Place in Switzerland

Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich. It is located in north-central Switzerland at the northwestern tip of Lake Zürich. The municipality has approximately 409,000 inhabitants, the urban agglomeration 1.315 million and the Zürich metropolitan area 1.83 million. Zürich is a hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. Both Zürich Airport and railway station are the largest and busiest in the country.

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 30 December 1922 to 26 December 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk.

1934 FIFA World Cup fue una porqueria porque ni lo trasmitieron por tv

The 1934 FIFA World Cup was the second FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams. It took place in Italy from 27 May to 10 June 1934.

Austria, England, France, Greece, West Germany and Yugoslavia also submitted initial applications for 31 July 1983 deadline. [11] A month later, only England, Greece, Italy and the Soviet Union remained in the hunt after the other contenders all withdrew. [12] All four bids were assessed by FIFA in late 1983, with the final decision over-running into 1984 due to the volume of paperwork involved. [13] In early 1984, England and Greece also withdrew, leading to a two-horse race in the final vote. The Soviet boycott of the 1984 Olympic Games, announced on the eve of the World Cup decision, was speculated to have been a major factor behind Italy winning the vote so decisively, [14] although this was denied by the FIFA President João Havelange. [10]

1984 Summer Olympics boycott

The boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles followed four years after the U.S.-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. The boycott involved 14 Eastern Bloc countries and allies, led by the Soviet Union, which initiated the boycott on May 8, 1984. Boycotting countries organized another major event, called the Friendship Games, in July and August 1984. Although the boycott led by the Soviet Union affected a number of Olympic events that were normally dominated by the absent countries, 140 nations still took part in the games, which was a record at the time.

João Havelange President of FIFA

Jean-Marie Faustin Godefroid "João" de Havelange was a Brazilian lawyer, businessman, athlete and centenarian who served as the seventh President of FIFA from 1974 to 1998. His tenure as President is the second longest in FIFA's history, behind only that of Jules Rimet. He received the title of Honorary President when leaving office, but resigned in April 2013. He succeeded Stanley Rous and was succeeded by Sepp Blatter. João Havelange served as a member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) from 1963 to 2011. He was the longest-serving active member upon his resignation. In July 2012 a Swiss prosecutor's report revealed that, during his tenure on FIFA's Executive Committee, he and his son-in-law Ricardo Teixeira took more than $41 million in bribes in connection with the award of World Cup marketing rights.

Qualification

116 teams entered the 1990 World Cup, including Italy as host nation and Argentina as reigning World Cup champions, who were both granted automatic qualification. Thus, the remaining 22 finals places were divided among the continental confederations, with 114 initially entering the qualification competition. Due to rejected entries and withdrawals, 103 teams eventually participated in the qualifying stages.

Thirteen places were contested by UEFA teams (Europe), two by CONMEBOL teams (South America), two by CAF teams (Africa), two by AFC teams (Asia), and two by CONCACAF teams (North and Central America and Caribbean). The remaining place was decided by a play-off between a CONMEBOL team and a team from the OFC (Oceania).

Both Mexico and Chile were disqualified during the qualification process; the former for fielding an overage player in a prior youth tournament, [15] the latter after goalkeeper Roberto Rojas faked injury from a firework thrown from the stands, which caused the match to be abandoned. Chile were also banned from the 1994 qualifiers for this offence.

Three teams made their debuts, as this was the first World Cup to feature Costa Rica and the Republic of Ireland, and the only one to date to feature the United Arab Emirates.

Returning after long absences were Egypt, who appeared for the first time since 1934, the United States (who would not miss a World Cup again until 2018), who competed for the first time since 1950, Colombia, who appeared for the first time since 1962, Romania, who last appeared at the Finals in 1970 and Sweden and the Netherlands, both of which last qualified in 1978. Austria, Cameroon, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia also returned after missing the 1986 tournament.

Among the teams who failed to qualify were 1986 semi-finalists France (missing out their first World Cup since 1974), Denmark, Poland (for the first time since 1970), Portugal and Hungary.

List of qualified teams

The following 24 teams qualified for the final tournament.

Venues

Twelve stadiums in twelve cities were selected to host matches at the 1990 World Cup. The Stadio San Nicola in Bari and Turin's Stadio delle Alpi were completely new venues opened for the World Cup.

The remaining ten venues all underwent extensive programmes of improvements in preparation for the tournament, forcing many of the club tenants of the stadia to move to temporary homes. Additional seating and roofs were added to most stadia, with further redevelopments seeing running tracks removed and new pitches laid. Due to structural constraints, several of the existing stadia had to be virtually rebuilt to implement the changes required.

Like Espana '82, the group stage of this tournament was organized in such a way where specific groups only played in two cities close in proximity to each other. Group A only played in Rome and Florence (Hosts Italy played all their competitive matches in Rome, except for their semi-final and third place matches, which were played in Naples and Bari, respectively), Group B played their matches in Naples and Bari (except for Argentina vs. Cameroon, which was the opening match of the tournament, played in Milan), Group C played their matches in Turin and Genoa, Group D played all their matches in Milan and Bologna, Group E played only in Udine and Verona, and Group F played on the island cities of Cagliari and Palermo. The cities that hosted the most World Cup matches were the two biggest cities in Italy: Rome and Milan, each hosting six matches, and Bari, Naples and Turin each hosted five matches. Cagliari, Udine and Palermo were the only cities of the 12 selected that did not host any knockout round matches.

The England national team, at the British government's request, were forced to play all their matches in Cagliari on the island of Sardinia. Hooliganism, rife in English football in the 1980s, had followed the national team while they played friendlies on the European continent – the distrust of English fans was so high that the English FA's reputation and even diplomatic relations between the UK and Italy were seen to be at risk if England played any group stage matches on the Italian mainland. Thanks largely to British Sports Minister Colin Moynihan's negative remarks about English fans weeks before the match, security around Cagliari during England's three matches there was extremely heavy – in addition to 7,000 local police and Carabineri, highly trained Italian military special forces were also there patrolling the premises. The Italian authorities' heavy presence proved to be justified as there were several riots during the time England were playing their matches in Cagliari, leading to a number of injuries, arrests and even deportations. [16] [17]

Most of the construction cost in excess of their original estimates and total costs ended up being over £550 million (approximately $935 million). Rome's Stadio Olimpico which would host the final was the most expensive project overall, while Udine's Stadio Friuli, the newest of the existing stadia (opened 14 years prior), cost the least to redevelop.

Milan Rome Turin Naples
San Siro Stadio Olimpico Stadio delle Alpi Stadio San Paolo
45°28′40.89″N9°7′27.14″E / 45.4780250°N 9.1242056°E / 45.4780250; 9.1242056 (San Siro) 41°56′1.99″N12°27′17.23″E / 41.9338861°N 12.4547861°E / 41.9338861; 12.4547861 (Stadio Olimpico) 45°06′34.42″N7°38′28.54″E / 45.1095611°N 7.6412611°E / 45.1095611; 7.6412611 (Stadio delle Alpi) 40°49′40.68″N14°11′34.83″E / 40.8279667°N 14.1930083°E / 40.8279667; 14.1930083 (Stadio San Paolo)
Capacity: 74,559 [18] [19] Capacity: 73,603 [18] [19] Capacity: 62,628 [18] [19] Capacity: 59,978 [18] [19]
Scudo2009.jpg Stadio Olimpico 2008.JPG Stadio delle Alpi, full house (1484465461).jpg San Paolo - Curva A.jpg
Bari Florence
Stadio San Nicola Stadio Comunale
41°5′5.05″N16°50′24.26″E / 41.0847361°N 16.8400722°E / 41.0847361; 16.8400722 (Stadio San Nicola) 43°46′50.96″N11°16′56.13″E / 43.7808222°N 11.2822583°E / 43.7808222; 11.2822583 (Stadio Artemio Franchi)
Capacity: 51,426 [18] [19] Capacity: 38,971 [18] [19]
Stadio San Nicola.jpg Soccer in Florence, Italy, 2007.jpg
Verona Udine
Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi Stadio Friuli
45°26′7.28″N10°58′7.13″E / 45.4353556°N 10.9686472°E / 45.4353556; 10.9686472 (Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi) 46°4′53.77″N13°12′0.49″E / 46.0816028°N 13.2001361°E / 46.0816028; 13.2001361 (Stadio Friuli)
Capacity: 35,950 [18] [19] Capacity: 35,713 [18] [19]
Bentegodiverona.jpeg Stadio Friuli.JPG
Cagliari Bologna Palermo Genoa
Stadio Sant'Elia Stadio Renato Dall'Ara Stadio La Favorita Stadio Luigi Ferraris
39°11′57.82″N9°8′5.83″E / 39.1993944°N 9.1349528°E / 39.1993944; 9.1349528 (Stadio Sant'Elia) 44°29′32.33″N11°18′34.80″E / 44.4923139°N 11.3096667°E / 44.4923139; 11.3096667 (Stadio Renato Dall'Ara) 38°9′9.96″N13°20′32.19″E / 38.1527667°N 13.3422750°E / 38.1527667; 13.3422750 (Stadio Renzo Barbera) 44°24′59.15″N8°57′8.74″E / 44.4164306°N 8.9524278°E / 44.4164306; 8.9524278 (Stadio Luigi Ferraris)
Capacity: 35,238 [18] [19] Capacity: 34,520 [18] [19] Capacity: 33,288 [18] [19] Capacity: 31,823 [18] [19]
Stadio Sant'Elia -Cagliari -Italy-23Oct2008 crop.jpg BolognaStadioRenatoDallAra.JPG Palermo-Catania 2006.jpg Stadio Luigi Ferraris di Genova.jpg

Squads

Squads for the 1990 World Cup consisted of 22 players, as for the previous tournament in 1986. Replacement of injured players was permitted during the tournament at FIFA's discretion. Two goalkeepers – Argentina's Ángel Comizzo and England's Dave Beasant – entered their respective squads during the tournament to replace injured players (Nery Pumpido and David Seaman).

Match officials

41 match officials from 34 countries were assigned to the tournament to serve as referees and assistant referees. Officials in italics were only used as assistants during the tournament. Referees dressed only in traditional black jerseys for the final time at a World Cup (a red change shirt was used for two Group C games in which Scotland wore their navy blue shirts).

Groups

Seedings

The six seeded teams for the 1990 tournament were announced on 7 December 1989. [20] The seeds were then allocated to the six groups in order of their seeding rank (1st seed to Group A, 2nd seed to Group B, etc.).

The seeds were decided by FIFA based on the nations' performance in, primarily, the 1986 World Cup with the 1982 World Cup also considered as a secondary influence. Six of the final eight in 1986 had qualified for the 1990 tournament, the missing nations being Mexico (quarter-final in 1986) and France (third place). Italy – who were seeded first as hosts – had not reached the final eight in 1986 and this left FIFA needing to exclude one of the three (qualified) nations who were eliminated in the 1986 quarter-finals: Brazil, England or Spain.

Owing to their performance in 1982 but also to their overall World Cup record, Brazil were seeded third and not considered to drop out of the seedings. FIFA opted to seed England ahead of Spain. Spain had only been eliminated in 1986 on penalties, albeit by fourth-placed Belgium, while England had been defeated in 90 minutes by eventual winners Argentina; both countries had also reached the second stage in the 1982 event, playing in the same group in the second group stage with England ending up ahead of Spain, but Spain had also appeared in the 1978 event, while England had failed to qualify. FIFA President João Havelange had reportedly earlier stated that Spain would be seeded.

Spanish officials believed the seeding was contrived to ensure England would be placed in Group F, the group to be held off the Italian mainland, in a bid to contain England's hooliganism problems. Their coach Luis Suárez said, "We feel we've been cheated...they wanted to seed England and to send it to Cagliari at all costs. So they invented this formula". [20] FIFA countered that "the formula was based on the teams' respective showings during the previous two World Cups. England merited the sixth position. This is in no way a concession to English hooliganism". [20]

Meanwhile, the Netherlands also had an argument that on grounds of recent footballing form, they should be seeded, as the winners of the 1988 European Championship, in which both Spain and England had been eliminated in the group stages, while Belgium (fourth in the 1986 World Cup after beating Spain, and thus seeded in 1990) had failed to even qualify: but this argument was countered by the fact that the Netherlands had themselves failed to qualify for both the 1982 and 1986 World Cups, which was considered the most important factor in the decision not to seed them. [21]

As it happened, the two teams considered the most unlucky not to be seeded, namely Spain and the Netherlands, were both drawn in groups against the two teams considered the weakest of the seeded nations, namely Belgium and England: and the arguments over the seeding positions fizzled out. England could be said to have justified their seeded position by narrowly winning their group ahead of the Netherlands: while Spain seemed to have made their own point about being worth a seeded position, by defeating Belgium to top their own group, in doing so gaining a measure of revenge for the fact that it was Belgium who had eliminated them in 1986.

SeedsPot 1 [22] Pot 2 [22] Pot 3 [22]

Flag of Italy.svg  Italy (1st)
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina (2nd)
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil (3rd)
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany (4th)
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium (5th)
Flag of England.svg  England (6th)

Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt
Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates
Flag of the United States.svg  United States

Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia
Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay

Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia

Final draw

Ciao, a stick figure in the colours of the Italy Tricolore, was the mascot for the 1990 FIFA World Cup. Mascotte di italia 90.JPG
Ciao, a stick figure in the colours of the Italy Tricolore, was the mascot for the 1990 FIFA World Cup.

On 9 December 1989 the draw was conducted at the Palazzetto dello Sport in Rome, where the teams were drawn out from the three pots to be placed with the seeded teams in their predetermined groups. The only stipulation of the draw was that no group could feature two South American teams. [22] The ceremony was hosted by Italian television presenter Pippo Baudo, with Italian actress Sophia Loren and opera singer Luciano Pavarotti conducting the draw alongside FIFA general secretary Sepp Blatter. [23]

The draw show was FIFA's most ambitious yet with Pelé, Bobby Moore and Karl-Heinz Rummenigge appearing, as well as a performance of the Italian version of the tournament's official song "To Be Number One" by Giorgio Moroder, performed as "Un'estate italiana" by Edoardo Bennato and Gianna Nannini. [24]

The event also featured the official mascot of this World Cup, Ciao, a stick figure player with a football head and an Italian tricolor body that formed the word "ITALIA" when deconstructed and reconstructed. [25] Its name is a greeting in Italian.

Tournament review

The finals tournament began in Italy on 8 June and concluded on 8 July. The format of the 1990 competition remained the same as in 1986: 24 qualified teams were divided into six groups of four. The top two teams and four best third-place finishers from the six groups advanced to the knockout stage, which eliminated the teams until a winner emerged. In total, 52 games were played.

Negative tactics

The tournament generated a record low goals-per-game average and a then-record of 16 red cards were handed out. [5] In the knockout stage, many teams played defensively for 120 minutes, with the intention of trying their luck in the penalty shoot-out, rather than risk going forward. Two exceptions were the eventual champions West Germany and hosts Italy, the only teams to win three of their four knockout matches in normal time. There were four penalty shoot-outs, a record subsequently equalled in the 2006, 2014 and 2018 tournaments. Eight matches went to extra time, a record equalled in the 2014 tournament.

Ireland and Argentina were prime examples of this trend of cautious defensive play; the Irish team fell behind in two of their three group matches and only equalised late in both games. Losing finalists Argentina, meanwhile, scored only five goals in the entire tournament (a record low for a finalist). Argentina also became the first team to advance twice on penalty shoot-outs and the first team to fail to score and have a player sent off in a World Cup final. [1]

Largely as a result of this trend FIFA introduced the back-pass rule in time for the 1994 tournament to make it harder for teams to time-waste by repeatedly passing the ball back for their goalkeepers to pick up. Three, rather than two points would be awarded for victories at future tournaments to help further encourage attacking play.

Emergence of Cameroon

Cameroon reached the quarter-finals, where they were narrowly defeated by England. [1] They opened the tournament with a shock victory over reigning champions Argentina, before topping the group ahead of them, Romania and European Championship runners-up the Soviet Union. Their success was fired by the goals of Roger Milla, a 38-year-old forward who came out of international retirement to join the national squad at the last moment after a personal request from Cameroonian President Paul Biya. Milla's four goals and flamboyant goal celebrations made him one of the tournament's biggest stars as well as taking Cameroon to the last eight. [1] Most of Cameroon's squad was made up of players who played in France's premier football league, Ligue 1- French is one of the officially spoken languages in Cameroon, it being a former French territory. In reaching this stage, they had gone further than any African nation had ever managed in a World Cup before; a feat only equalled twice since (by Senegal in 2002 and Ghana in 2010). Their success was African football's biggest yet on the world stage and FIFA subsequently decided to allocate the CAF qualifying zone an additional place for the next World Cup tournament.

All-champion final four

Despite the performances of nations such as Cameroon, Colombia, Ireland, Romania and Costa Rica, the semi-finalists consisted of Argentina, England, Italy and West Germany, all previous World Cup winners, with eight previous titles between them. After the 1970 tournament, this is only the second time in the history of the World Cup this has occurred. The teams which finished first, second and third had also contested both the two previous World Cup Finals between themselves.

Results

Group stage

All times are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)

Champion
Runner-up
Third place
Fourth place
Quarter-finals
Round of 16
Group stage 1990 world cup.png

In the following tables:

The Group stage saw the twenty-four teams divided into six groups of four teams. Each group was a round-robin of six games, where each team played one match against each of the other teams in the same group. Teams were awarded two points for a win, one point for a draw and none for a defeat. The teams coming first and second in each group qualified for the Round of 16. The four best third-placed teams would also advance to the next stage.

Typical of a World Cup staged in Europe, the matches all started at either 5:00 or 9:00 in the evening; this allowed for the games to avoid being played in the heat of an Italian summer, which would soar past 86F (30C) all over Italy.

If teams were level on points, they were ranked on the following criteria in order:

  1. Greatest total goal difference in the three group matches
  2. Greatest number of goals scored in the three group matches
  3. Most points earned in matches against other teams in the tie
  4. Greatest goal difference in matches against other teams in the tie
  5. Greatest number of goals scored in matches against other teams in the tie
  6. Drawing of lots

Group A

Hosts Italy won Group A with a 100 percent record. They beat Austria 1–0 thanks to substitute Salvatore 'Totò' Schillaci, who had played only one international before but would become a star during the tournament. A second 1–0 victory followed against a United States team already thumped 5–1 by Czechoslovakia. The Czechoslovaks ended runners-up in the group, while the USA's first appearance in a World Cup Finals since 1950 ended with three consecutive defeats.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Italy.svg  Italy (H)330040+46Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 320163+34
3Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 31022312
4Flag of the United States.svg  United States 30032860
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers
(H) Host.
9 June 1990
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 1–0 Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Stadio Olimpico, Rome
10 June 1990
United States  Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg 1–5 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Stadio Comunale, Florence
14 June 1990
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 1–0 Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg  United States Stadio Olimpico, Rome
15 June 1990
Austria  Flag of Austria.svg 0–1 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Stadio Comunale, Florence
19 June 1990
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 2–0 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Stadio Olimpico, Rome
Austria  Flag of Austria.svg 2–1 Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg  United States Stadio Comunale, Florence

Group B

Cameroon defeated reigning champions Argentina. Despite ending the match with only nine men, the African team held on for a shock 1–0 win, with contrasting fortunes for the brothers Biyik: François Omam scoring the winning goal, shortly after seeing Andre Kana sent off for a serious foul. In their second game the introduction of Roger Milla was the catalyst for a 2–1 win over Romania, Milla scoring twice from the bench (making him the oldest goalscorer in the tournament). With progression assured, Cameroon slumped to a 4–0 defeat in their final group game to the Soviet Union (in what would be their last World Cup due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union), who were striving to stay in the tournament on goal difference after successive 2–0 defeats. Argentina lost their veteran goalkeeper, Nery Pumpido, to a broken leg during their victory over the USSR: his replacement, Sergio Goycochea, proved to be one of the stars of their tournament. In the final match, a 1–1 draw between Romania and Argentina sent both through, equal on points and on goal difference but Romania having the advantage on goals scored: Romania were thus second, Argentina qualified as one of the best third-placed teams.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 32013524Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 311143+13
3Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 311132+13
4Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 31024402
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers
8 June 1990
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 0–1 Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon San Siro, Milan
9 June 1990
Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 0–2 Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Stadio San Nicola, Bari
13 June 1990
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 2–0 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Stadio San Paolo, Naples
14 June 1990
Cameroon  Flag of Cameroon.svg 2–1 Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Stadio San Nicola, Bari
18 June 1990
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 1–1 Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Stadio San Paolo, Naples
Cameroon  Flag of Cameroon.svg 0–4 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Stadio San Nicola, Bari

Group C

Costa Rica beat Scotland 1–0 in their first match, lost 1–0 to Brazil in their second, then saw off Sweden 2–1 to claim a place in the second round. Brazil took maximum points from the group. They began with a 2–1 win over Sweden, then beat both Costa Rica and Scotland 1–0. Scotland's 2–1 win over Sweden was not enough to save them from an early return home as one of the two lowest-ranked third-placed teams.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 330041+36Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 320132+14
3Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 31022312
4Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 30033630
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers
10 June 1990
Brazil  Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg 2–1 Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Stadio delle Alpi, Turin
11 June 1990
Costa Rica  Flag of Costa Rica.svg 1–0 Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Stadio Luigi Ferraris, Genoa
16 June 1990
Brazil  Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg 1–0 Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Stadio delle Alpi, Turin
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 1–2 Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Stadio Luigi Ferraris, Genoa
20 June 1990
Brazil  Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg 1–0 Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Stadio delle Alpi, Turin
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 1–2 Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Stadio Luigi Ferraris, Genoa

Group D

Group D featured the most goals of all the groups, most due to two large wins of West Germany and defensive inadequacies of a United Arab Emirates team that lost 2–0 to Colombia, 5–1 to West Germany and 4–1 to Yugoslavia. The West Germans topped the group after a 4–1 opening victory over group runners-up Yugoslavia.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 3210103+75Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 320165+14
3Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 311132+13
4Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 300321190
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers
9 June 1990
United Arab Emirates  Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg 0–2 Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Stadio Renato Dall'Ara, Bologna
10 June 1990
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 4–1 Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia San Siro, Milan
14 June 1990
Yugoslavia  Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg 1–0 Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Stadio Renato Dall'Ara, Bologna
15 June 1990
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 5–1 Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates San Siro, Milan
19 June 1990
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 1–1 Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia San Siro, Milan
Yugoslavia  Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg 4–1 Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates Stadio Renato Dall'Ara, Bologna

Group E

The winners of Group E were Spain, for whom Michel hit a hat-trick as they beat South Korea 3–1 in an unbeaten group campaign. Belgium won their first two games against South Korea and Uruguay to ensure their progress; Uruguay's advance to the second round came with an injury time winner against South Korea to edge them through as the weakest of the third-placed sides to remain in the tournament.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 321052+35Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 320163+34
3Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 31112313
4Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea 30031650
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers
12 June 1990
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 2–0 Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi, Verona
13 June 1990
Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 0–0 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Stadio Friuli, Udine
17 June 1990
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 3–1 Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi, Verona
South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg 1–3 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Stadio Friuli, Udine
21 June 1990
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 1–2 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi, Verona
South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg 0–1 Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Stadio Friuli, Udine

Group F

Group F, featured the Netherlands, England, the Republic of Ireland and Egypt. In the six group games, no team managed to score more than once in a match. England beat Egypt 1–0, the only match with a decisive result, and that was enough to win the group. The group containing England, Ireland and the Netherlands was remarkably similar to the group stage of the 1988 European Championship, which had eventually been won by the Netherlands, with England crashing out with three losses (to Ireland, the Netherlands and the USSR) and Ireland also narrowly failing to progress after losing to the Netherlands and drawing with the USSR. The results of the 1990 group, however, were different: England took the lead with an early goal for Lineker against Ireland, but Sheedy's late equalizer gave them a share of the spoils. The Netherlands failed to replicate their form of two years earlier, only drawing against Egypt: they had taken a 1-0 lead, but without impressing, and Egypt were well worth their equalizer courtesy of a penalty by Abdelghani. England then had much the better of their goalless draw with the Netherlands: indeed they had the ball in the net once, from a free-kick by Pearce, but it was disallowed. For the second World Cup in succession, however, England lost their captain Bryan Robson to an injury which put him out of the tournament, just over halfway through their second match. Ireland and Egypt barely registered a shot on goal between them in the other 0-0 draw: after the first four matches all four teams had equal records with 2 draws, 1 goal for and 1 goal against. England's victory over Egypt, thanks to a 58th-minute goal from Mark Wright, put them top of the group: in the other match, Gullit gave the Netherlands the lead against Ireland, but Niall Quinn scored a second-half equalizer and the two teams finished in second and third, still with identical records. Both teams qualified but they had to draw lots to place the teams in second and third place.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of England.svg  England 312021+14Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland 30302203
3Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 30302203
4Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 30211212
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers

The Republic of Ireland and the Netherlands finished with identical records. With both teams assured of progressing, they were split by the drawing of lots to determine second and third place.

11 June 1990
England  Flag of England.svg 1–1 Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland Stadio Sant'Elia, Cagliari
12 June 1990
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1–1 Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Stadio La Favorita, Palermo
16 June 1990
England  Flag of England.svg 0–0 Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Stadio Sant'Elia, Cagliari
17 June 1990
Republic of Ireland  Flag of Ireland.svg 0–0 Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Stadio La Favorita, Palermo
21 June 1990
England  Flag of England.svg 1–0 Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Stadio Sant'Elia, Cagliari
Republic of Ireland  Flag of Ireland.svg 1–1 Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Stadio La Favorita, Palermo

Ranking of third-placed teams

PosGrpTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1 B Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 311132+13Advance to knockout stage
2 D Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 311132+13
3 F Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 30302203
4 E Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 31112313
5 A Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 31022312
6 C Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 31022312
Source: FIFA

Ireland won the drawing of lots against the Netherlands for second place in Group F: the Netherlands were the only third-placed team not to have won any matches - or lost any: they progressed with three draws (3 points), ahead of Austria and Scotland who each had one win and two losses (2 points).

Knockout stage

The knockout stage involved the 16 teams that qualified from the group stage of the tournament. There were four rounds of matches, with each round eliminating half of the teams entering that round. The successive rounds were: round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, final. There was also a play-off to decide third/fourth place. For each game in the knockout stage, any draw at 90 minutes was followed by 30 minutes of extra time; if scores were still level there would be a penalty shoot-out (five penalties each, if neither team already had a decisive advantage, and more if necessary) to determine who progressed to the next round. Scores after extra time are indicated by (aet) and penalty shoot-outs are indicated by (p).

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
24 June – Turin
 
 
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 0
 
30 June – Florence
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina (p)0 (3)
 
26 June – Verona
 
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 0 (2)
 
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1
 
3 July – Naples
 
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia (aet)2
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina (p)1 (4)
 
25 June – Genoa
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1 (3)
 
Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland (p)0 (5)
 
30 June – Rome
 
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 0 (4)
 
Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland 0
 
25 June – Rome
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2
 
8 July – Rome
 
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 0
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 0
 
23 June – Bari
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 1
 
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 4
 
1 July – Milan
 
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 1
 
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 0
 
24 June – Milan
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 1
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 2
 
4 July – Turin
 
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany (p)1 (4)
 
23 June – Naples
 
Flag of England.svg  England 1 (3) Third place
 
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon (aet)2
 
1 July – Naples 7 July – Bari
 
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 1
 
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2
 
26 June – Bologna
 
Flag of England.svg  England (aet)3Flag of England.svg  England 1
 
Flag of England.svg  England (aet)1
 
 
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 0
 

All times listed are local (UTC+2)

Round of 16

Two of the ties – Brazil vs Argentina and Italy vs Uruguay – pitted former champion countries against each other and West Germany met the Netherlands in a rematch of the 1974 World Cup Final.

The all-South American game was won for Argentina by a goal from Claudio Caniggia with 10 minutes remaining after a run through the Brazilian defence by Diego Maradona and an outstanding performance from their goalkeeper Sergio Goycochea. It would later come to light that Branco had been offered water spiked with tranquillisers by Maradona and Ricardo Giusti during half time, to slow him down in the second half. Initially discredited by the press, Branco would be publicly proven right years later, when Maradona confessed the episode on a TV show in Argentina. [26] As for Italy, a strong second half showing saw the hosts beat Uruguay 2–0, thanks to another goal from Schillaci and one from Aldo Serena.

The match between West Germany and the Netherlands was held in Milan, and both sides featured several notable players from the two Milanese clubs (Germans Andreas Brehme, Lothar Matthäus and Jürgen Klinsmann for Internazionale, and Dutchmen Marco van Basten, Ruud Gullit and Frank Rijkaard for Milan). After 22 minutes Rudi Völler and Rijkaard were both dismissed after a number of incidents between the two players (including Rijkaard spitting on Völler) left the Argentine referee with no option but to send them both off. As the players walked off the pitch together, Rijkaard spat on Völler a second time. Early in the second half, Jürgen Klinsmann put the West Germans ahead and Andreas Brehme added a second with eight minutes left. A Ronald Koeman penalty for the Netherlands in the 89th minute narrowed the score to 2–1 but the Germans saw the game out to gain some revenge for their exit to the Dutch in the previous European Championship.

Meanwhile, the heroics of Cameroon and Roger Milla continued in their game with Colombia. Milla was introduced as a second-half substitute with the game goalless, eventually breaking the deadlock midway in extra time. Three minutes later he netted a second after Colombian goalkeeper, René Higuita was dispossessed by Milla while well out of his goal, leaving the striker free to slot the ball into the empty net. Though the deficit was soon reduced to 2–1, Cameroon held on to become the first African team ever to reach the World Cup quarter-finals. Costa Rica were comfortably beaten 4–1 by Czechoslovakia, for whom Tomáš Skuhravý scored the tournament's second and final hat-trick.

The Republic of Ireland's match with Romania remained goalless after extra time and the Irish side won 5–4 on penalties. David O'Leary converted the penalty that clinched Ireland's place in the quarter-finals. Ireland thus became the first team since Sweden in 1938 to reach the last eight in a World Cup finals tournament without winning a match outright. Yugoslavia beat Spain 2–1 after extra time, with Dragan Stojković scoring both the Yugoslavs' goals. England were the final qualifier against Belgium, as midfielder David Platt's swivelling volley broke the stalemate with the game moments away from a penalty shoot-out.

Cameroon  Flag of Cameroon.svg 2–1 (a.e.t.)Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
Milla Soccerball shade.svg 106', 108' Report Redín Soccerball shade.svg 115'
Attendance: 50,026
Referee: Tullio Lanese (Italy)

Czechoslovakia  Flag of the Czech Republic.svg 4–1 Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica
Skuhravý Soccerball shade.svg 12', 63', 82'
Kubík Soccerball shade.svg 75'
Report González Soccerball shade.svg 54'
Attendance: 47,673

Brazil  Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg 0–1 Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Report Caniggia Soccerball shade.svg 80'
Attendance: 61,381

West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 2–1 Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Klinsmann Soccerball shade.svg 51'
Brehme Soccerball shade.svg 82'
Report R. Koeman Soccerball shade.svg 89' (pen.)
Attendance: 74,559


Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 2–0 Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay
Schillaci Soccerball shade.svg 65'
Serena Soccerball shade.svg 83'
Report
Attendance: 73,303

Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 1–2 (a.e.t.)Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia
Salinas Soccerball shade.svg 83' Report Stojković Soccerball shade.svg 78', 92'

England  Flag of England.svg 1–0 (a.e.t.)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Platt Soccerball shade.svg 119' Report
Attendance: 34,520

Quarter-finals

The first game of the last 8 saw Argentina and a Yugoslav side, reduced to 10 men after only half an hour, play out a goalless stalemate. The holders reached the semi-finals after winning the penalty shoot-out 3–2, despite Maradona having his penalty saved. A second Argentine miss (by Pedro Troglio) looked to have eliminated them until goalkeeper Sergio Goycochea – playing because first choice Nery Pumpido broke his leg during the group stage – rescued his side by stopping the Yugoslavs' final two spotkicks.

The Republic of Ireland's World Cup run was brought to an end by a single goal from Schillaci in the first half of their quarter-final with hosts Italy. West Germany beat Czechoslovakia with a 25th minute Lothar Matthäus penalty.

The quarter-final between England and Cameroon was the only quarter-final to produce more than one goal. Despite Cameroon's heroics earlier in the tournament, David Platt put England ahead in the 25th minute. At half-time, Milla was brought on. In the second half, the game was turned on its head during a five-minute stretch: first Cameroon were awarded a penalty from which Emmanuel Kunde scored the equaliser; then in the 65th minute Eugene Ekeke put Cameroon ahead. Cameroon came within eight minutes of reaching the semi-finals before they conceded a penalty, which Gary Lineker converted. Midway through extra time, England were awarded another penalty and Lineker again scored from the spot. England were through to the semi-finals for the first time since the days of Bobby Moore 24 years prior.


Republic of Ireland  Flag of Ireland.svg 0–1 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Report Schillaci Soccerball shade.svg 38'
Attendance: 73,303

Czechoslovakia  Flag of the Czech Republic.svg 0–1 Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Report Matthäus Soccerball shade.svg 25' (pen.)
Attendance: 73,347
Referee: Helmut Kohl (Austria)

Cameroon  Flag of Cameroon.svg 2–3 (a.e.t.)Flag of England.svg  England
Kundé Soccerball shade.svg 61' (pen.)
Ekéké Soccerball shade.svg 65'
Report Platt Soccerball shade.svg 25'
Lineker Soccerball shade.svg 83' (pen.), 105' (pen.)
Attendance: 55,205

Semi-finals

The first semi-final featured the host nation, Italy, and the world champions, Argentina in Naples. 'Toto' Schillaci scored yet again to put Italy ahead in the 17th minute, but Claudio Caniggia equalised midway through the second half, breaking Walter Zenga's clean sheet streak throughout the tournament. There were no more goals in the 90 minutes or in extra time despite Maradona (who played for Naples in Serie A at the time) showing glimpses of magic, but there was a sending-off: Ricardo Giusti of Argentina was shown the red card in the 13th minute of extra time. Argentina went through on penalties, winning the shoot-out 4–3 after more heroics from Goycochea.

The semi-final between West Germany and England at Juventus's home stadium in Turin was goalless at half-time. Then, in the 60th minute, a shot from Andreas Brehme was deflected by Paul Parker into his own net. England equalised with ten minutes left; Gary Lineker was the scorer. The game ended 1–1. Extra time yielded more chances. Klinsmann was guilty of two glaring misses and both sides struck a post. England had another Platt goal disallowed for offside. The match went to penalties, and West Germany went on to win the shoot-out 4–3. [27]


Third-place play-off

The game saw three goals in a 15-minute spell. Roberto Baggio opened the scoring after a rare mistake by England's goalkeeper Peter Shilton, in his final game before international retirement, presented a simple opportunity. A header by David Platt levelled the game 10 minutes later but Schillaci was fouled in the penalty area five minutes later, leading to a penalty. Schillaci himself got up to convert the kick to win him the tournament's Golden Boot for his six-goal tally. Nicola Berti had a goal ruled out minutes later, but the hosts claimed third place. England had the consolation prize of the Fair Play award, having received no red cards and the lowest average number of yellows per match.

Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 2–1 Flag of England.svg  England
Baggio Soccerball shade.svg 71'
Schillaci Soccerball shade.svg 86' (pen.)
Report Platt Soccerball shade.svg 81'
Attendance: 51,426

Final

The final between West Germany and Argentina has been cited as the most cynical and lowest-quality of all World Cup Finals. [1] [2] [28] [29] [30] In the 65th minute, Argentina's Pedro Monzon - himself only recently on as a substitute - was sent off for a foul on Jürgen Klinsmann. Monzon was the first player ever to be sent off in a World Cup Final.

Argentina, weakened by suspension and injury, offered little attacking threat throughout a contest dominated by the West Germans, who struggled to create many clear goalscoring opportunities. The only goal of the contest arrived in the 85th minute when Mexican referee Edgardo Codesal awarded a penalty to West Germany, after a foul on Rudi Völler by Roberto Sensini leading to Argentinian protests. [31] Andreas Brehme converted the spot kick to settle the contest. In the closing moments, Argentina were reduced to nine after Gustavo Dezotti, who had already been yellow carded earlier in the match, received a red card when he hauled Jürgen Kohler to the ground during a stoppage in play. The 1–0 scoreline provided another first: Argentina were the first team to fail to score in a World Cup Final.

With its third title (and three second-place finishes) West Germany – in its final tournament before national reunification – became the most successful World Cup nation at the time. West German manager Franz Beckenbauer became the first man to both captain (in 1974) and manage a World Cup winning team, and only the second man (after Mário Zagallo of Brazil) to win the World Cup as a player and as team manager. It was also the first time a team from UEFA won the final against a non-European team.

West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 1–0 Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Brehme Soccerball shade.svg 85' (pen.) Report
Attendance: 73,603

Goalscorers

Salvatore Schillaci received the Golden Boot award for scoring six goals in the World Cup. This made him the second Italian footballer to have this honour, after Paolo Rossi won the award in 1982. In total, 115 goals were scored by 75 players (none credited as own goals).

6 goals
2 goals
1 goal

Awards

[32]

Golden Boot winner Golden Ball winner Best Young Player FIFA Fair Play Trophy
Flag of Italy.svg Salvatore Schillaci Flag of Italy.svg Salvatore Schillaci Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Robert Prosinečki Flag of England.svg  England

All-star team

GoalkeeperDefendersMidfieldersForwards

Final standings

After the tournament, FIFA published a ranking of all teams that competed in the 1990 World Cup finals based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition. [33] [34]

RTeamGPWDLGFGAGDPts.
1Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany D 7520155+1012
2Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina B 723254+17
3Flag of Italy.svg  Italy A 7610102+813
4Flag of England.svg  England F 733186+29
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia D 531186+27
6Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia A 5302105+56
7Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon B 530279-26
8Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland F 504123−14
Eliminated in the round of 16
9Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil C 430142+26
10Flag of Spain.svg  Spain E 421164+25
11Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium E 420264+24
12Flag of Romania.svg  Romania B 412143+14
13Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica C 420246−24
14Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia D 41124403
15Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands F 403134−13
16Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay E 411225−33
Eliminated in the group stage
17Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union B 31024402
18Flag of Austria.svg  Austria A 310223−12
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland C 310223−12
20Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt F 302112−12
21Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden C 300336−30
22Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea E 300316−50
23Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg  United States A 300328−60
24Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates D 3003211−90

Statistics

See also

References and footnotes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Italy 1990". BBC Sport . 17 April 2002. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  2. 1 2 "World Cup 1990". ESPN Soccernet. 9 November 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  3. Glanville, Brian (2005). The Story of the World Cup. Faber. ISBN   0-571-22944-1.
  4. Freddi, Cris (2006). Complete Book of the World Cup. HarperSport. ISBN   978-0-00-722916-1.
  5. 1 2 "FIFA World Cup™ Record – Organisation" . Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  6. 1 2 3 "A riot of colour, emotion and memories: the World Cup stands alone in the field of sport". The Independent. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  7. "World Cup and Television" (PDF). FIFA. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2007.
  8. "L'Alta Definizione a Torino 1986 – 2006 di Marzio Barbero e Natasha Shpuza". Crit.rai.it. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  9. "The FIFA World Cup TV viewing figures" (PDF). FIFA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 November 2007. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
  10. 1 2 "Italy gain vote over Soviet rival". The Times. London. 21 May 1984. p. 21.
  11. "Sports in brief". The Times. London. 3 August 1983. p. 17.
  12. "Sports in brief". The Times. London. 2 September 1983. p. 20.
  13. "World Cup formats". The Times. London. 12 November 1983. p. 18.
  14. "Romania could join the boycott". The Times. London. 22 May 1984. p. 30.
  15. "Mexico given ban in soccer". The New York Times. Associated Press. 1 July 1988. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  16. “WORLD CUP '90; Fan Violence at World Cup Finals”. New York Times. Retrieved 12 November 2018
  17. “WORLD CUP '90 : English Fans Clash With Riot Police”. LA Times. Retrieved 12 November 2018
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 "WM 1990 Sonderheft". Kicker (in German). May–June 1990. p. 185.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 "World Cup '90: The Complete Collection". Orbis.
  20. 1 2 3 "England Is Seeded Sixth in 1990 World Cup in Italy". The New York Times . 8 December 1989. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  21. "Cup seedings revealed". The New York Times. 30 November 1989. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  22. 1 2 3 4 "The Times guide to the draw for the World Cup finals". The Times. London. 9 December 1989. p. 51.
  23. Gardner, Paul (10 December 1989). "U.S. must face Italy in cup". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  24. "The FIFA World Cup Final Draw history" (PDF). FIFA. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  25. "Mascots". FIFA. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  26. "Como Maradona "envenenou" Branco na Copa de 90". UOL. Retrieved 6 May 2014.[ permanent dead link ]
  27. "England v West Germany at Italia '90 – as it happened". Guardian. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  28. Glanville, Brian (2005). The Story of the World Cup. Faber. p. 303. ISBN   0-571-22944-1.
  29. Vecsey, George (9 July 1990). "Winning Ugly, Losing Ugly, Just Plain Ugly". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  30. "A poor display bare of class". The Times. London. 9 July 1990.
  31. Glanville, Brian (2018). The Story of the World Cup. Faber and Faber. p. 326. ISBN   978-0-571-32556-6. After half-time, the game grew harsher, when Klaus Augenthaler was blantanly tripped in the box by Goycoecha, Germany had far stronger claims for a penalty than that which won the match. Sensini bought down Völler in the area Codesal gave a penalty, Argentina protested furiously, and seemed to have a pretty good case.
  32. "World Cup 1990 in Italy - World Cup Brazil 2014 Guide".
  33. "All-time FIFA World Cup Ranking 1930–2010" (PDF). Fédération Internationale de Football Association . Retrieved 30 January 2013.
  34. "FIFA World Cup: Milestones, facts & figures. Statistical Kit 7" (PDF). FIFA. 26 March 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013.
  35. Figure does not include shoot-outs; penalties were missed during games by: Michal Bílek (Czechoslovakia v USA), Rubén Sosa (Uruguay v Spain), Faruk Hadžibegić (Yugoslavia v Colombia), Gianluca Vialli (Italy v USA) and Enzo Scifo (Belgium v Spain)
  36. Figure does not include second yellow cards that led to a red card
  37. Argentina defeated Italy in the semi-finals by a penalty shoot-out which, by FIFA regulations counts as a draw for statistical reasons.

Related Research Articles

2002 FIFA World Cup 2002 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 2002 FIFA World Cup was the 17th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial world championship for men's national football teams organized by FIFA. It was held from 31 May to 30 June 2002 at sites in South Korea and Japan, with its final match hosted by Japan at International Stadium in Yokohama.

1954 FIFA World Cup 1954 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1954 FIFA World Cup, the fifth staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in Switzerland from 16 June to 4 July. Switzerland was chosen as hosts in July 1946. The tournament set a number of all-time records for goal-scoring, including the highest average number of goals scored per game. The tournament was won by West Germany, who defeated Hungary 3–2 in the final, giving them their first title.

1974 FIFA World Cup 1974 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1974 FIFA World Cup was the 10th FIFA World Cup, and was played in West Germany between 13 June and 7 July. The tournament marked the first time that the current trophy, the FIFA World Cup Trophy, created by the Italian sculptor Silvio Gazzaniga, was awarded. The previous trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, had been won for the third time by Brazil in 1970 and awarded permanently to the Brazilians. The host nation won the title, beating the Netherlands 2–1 in the final at Munich's Olympiastadion. The victory was the second for West Germany, who had also won in 1954. Australia, East Germany, Haiti and Zaire made their first appearances at the final stage, with East Germany making their only appearance before Germany was reunified in 1990.

1982 FIFA World Cup 1982 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1982 FIFA World Cup was the 12th FIFA World Cup, played in Spain between 13 June and 11 July 1982. The tournament was won by Italy, who defeated West Germany 3–1 in the final match, held in the Spanish capital of Madrid. It was Italy's third World Cup win, but their first since 1938. The defending champions, Argentina, were eliminated in the second group round. Algeria, Cameroon, Honduras, Kuwait and New Zealand made their first appearances in the finals.

UEFA Euro 1980 1980 edition of the UEFA Euro

The 1980 UEFA European Football Championship final tournament was held in Italy. This was the sixth European Football Championship, which is held every four years and endorsed by UEFA. It was the first edition to feature eight teams, taking place between 11 and 22 June 1980. West Germany won the final 2–1 for their second title. This was the last European Championship with a third place play-off.

The 1934 FIFA World Cup was the first World Cup for which teams had to qualify. When 32 teams entered the 1934 competition, FIFA organized qualification rounds to select 16 teams for the final tournament. Even Italy, the host of the World Cup, had to qualify, The previous champions, Uruguay, refused to defend their title because many European nations declined to take part in the 1930 FIFA World Cup held in Uruguay.

The knockout stage of the 1990 FIFA World Cup was the second and final stage of the final tournament, following the group stage. It began on 23 June with the round of 16 matches, and ended on 8 July with the final match of the tournament held in Rome, in which West Germany beat the defending champions Argentina 1–0 to claim their third World Cup.

Germany at the FIFA World Cup

This is a record of Germany and West Germany's results at the FIFA World Cup. The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of FIFA, the sport's global governing body.

This is a record of Italy's results at the FIFA World Cup. The World Cup is an international association football competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the first tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946, due to World War II.

The knockout stage of the 2014 FIFA World Cup was the second and final stage of the competition, following the group stage. It began on 28 June with the round of 16 and ended on 13 July with the final match of the tournament, held at Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro. The top two teams from each group advanced to the knockout stage to compete in a single-elimination tournament. A third-place match was played between the two losing teams of the semi-finals.

The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup or the Soccer World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the first tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946, due to World War II.

Belgium at the FIFA World Cup

Belgium have appeared in the finals tournament of the FIFA World Cup on 13 occasions, the first being at the first FIFA World Cup in 1930 where they finished in 11th place. The inaugural FIFA World Cup final was officiated by Belgian referee John Langenus.

Switzerland at the FIFA World Cup

The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup or the Soccer World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the first tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946, due to World War II.

The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup or the Soccer World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the first tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946, due to World War II.

Cameroon v Colombia (1990 FIFA World Cup) 1990 FIFA World Cup

Cameroon vs Colombia was a FIFA World Cup match that took place in the Stadio San Paolo in Naples, Italy on 23 June 1990, during the 1990 World Cup. Cameroon won 2–1, thus becoming the first African team to win a World Cup knockout match.

The 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup qualification UEFA play-offs decided the eighth and final UEFA qualifier for the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup.

The final tournament of the 1934 FIFA World Cup was a single-elimination tournament involving the 16 teams which qualified for the tournament. The tournament began with the round of 16 on 27 May and concluded with the final on 10 June 1934. Italy won the final 2–1 for their first World Cup title.