Ligue 1

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Ligue 1
Ligue 1 Uber Eats logo.svg
Organising body Ligue de Football Professionnel (LFP)
Founded1930;94 years ago (1930) (officially)
2002;22 years ago (2002) (as Ligue 1)
CountryFlag of France.svg  France (17 teams)
Other club(s) fromFlag of Monaco.svg  Monaco (1 team)
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams 18 (since 2023–24)
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Ligue 2
Domestic cup(s) Coupe de France
Trophée des Champions
International cup(s)
Current champions Paris Saint-Germain (12th title)
(2023–24)
Most championships Paris Saint-Germain (12 titles)
Most appearances Mickaël Landreau (618)
Top goalscorer Delio Onnis (299)
TV partners List of broadcasters
Website ligue1.com
Current: 2023–24 Ligue 1

Ligue 1, [upper-alpha 1] officially known as Ligue 1 Uber Eats for sponsorship reasons, [1] [2] is a French professional league for men's association football clubs. Being the top of the French football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. Administered by the Ligue de Football Professionnel, Ligue 1 is contested by 18 clubs (as of the 2023–24 season) and operates on a system of promotion and relegation from and to Ligue 2.

Contents

Seasons run from August to May. Clubs play two matches against each of the other teams in the league – one home and one away – totalling to 34 matches over the course of the season. Most games are played on Saturdays and Sundays, with a few games played during weekday evenings. Play is regularly suspended the last weekend before Christmas for two weeks before returning in the second week of January. As of 2024, Ligue 1 is considered one of the top national leagues, ranked fifth in Europe, behind England's Premier League, Spain's La Liga, Italy's Serie A and Germany's Bundesliga. [3]

Ligue 1 was inaugurated on 11 September 1932 under the name National before switching to Division 1 after a year of existence. It continued to operate under that name until 2002, when it adopted its current name. Paris Saint-Germain are the most successful club with twelve league titles, while Lyon is the club that has won the most consecutive titles (seven between 2002 and 2008). Saint-Étienne was the first club with ten titles. With the presence of 73 seasons in Ligue 1, Marseille holds the record for most seasons among the elite, while Paris Saint-Germain hold the league record for longevity with 50 consecutive seasons (from 1974 to present). Nantes is the team with the longest consecutive unbeaten streak (32 matches) and the fewest number of defeats (one match) in a single season, doing so in the 1994–95 campaign. In addition, Nantes also holds the record for the longest time without losing at home with a run of 92 matches from May 1976 to April 1981.

The current champions are Paris Saint-Germain, who won a record twelfth title in the 2023–24 season. The league has been won on multiple occasions by foreign-based club Monaco, the presence of which within the league makes it a cross-border competition. [4]

Ahead of the 2023–24 season, the number of teams in the league was reduced to 18; four teams in the 2022–23 Ligue 1 were relegated to Ligue 2 and only two teams in Ligue 2 were promoted to Ligue 1. [5]

History

Foundation

Professionalism in French football did not exist until July 1930, when the National Council of the French Football Federation voted 128–20 in favour of its adoption. The founders of professionalism in French football are Georges Bayrou, Emmanuel Gambardella, and Gabriel Hanot. Professionalism was officially implemented in 1932.

In order to successfully create a professional football league in the country, the Federation limited the league to twenty clubs. In order to participate in the competition, clubs were subjected to three important criteria:

Many clubs disagreed with the subjective criteria, most notably Strasbourg, RC Roubaix, Amiens and Stade Français, while others like Rennes, due to fear of bankruptcy, and Lille, due to a conflict of interest, were reluctant to become professional. Lille's president, Henri Jooris, also chairman of the Ligue du Nord, feared his league would fold and proposed it become the second division of the new league. Eventually, many clubs earned professional status, though it became more difficult to convince clubs in the northern half of the country; Strasbourg, Roubaix and Amiens refused to accept the new league, while conversely Mulhouse, Excelsior AC Roubaix, Metz and Fives accepted professionalism. In southern France, clubs such as Marseille, Hyères, Montpellier, Nîmes, Cannes, Antibes and Nice were extremely supportive of the new league and accepted their professional status without argument.

Establishment

Division 1 champions (Pre-WWII)
SeasonWinner
1932–33 Olympique Lillois
1933–34 Sète
1934–35 Sochaux
1935–36 Racing Club de France
1936–37 Marseille
1937–38 Sochaux
1938–39 Sète

The league's inaugural season of the all-professional league, called National, was held in 1932–1933. The 20 inaugural members of National were Antibes, CA Paris, Cannes, Club Français, Excelsior AC Roubaix, Fives, Hyères, Marseille, Metz, Mulhouse, Nice, Nîmes, Alès, Lille, Racing Club de France, Red Star Olympique, Rennes, Sochaux, Sète and Montpellier. The 20 clubs were inserted into two groups of 10 with the bottom three of each group suffering relegation to Division 2. The two winners of each group would then face each other in a final held at a neutral venue, which later turned out to the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir. The first final was held on 14 May 1933 and it matched the winner of Group A, Olympique Lillois, against the runner-up of Group B, Cannes. Antibes, the winner of Group B, was supposed to take part in the final but was suspected of bribery by the French Football Federation and was disqualified. In the first final, Lillois were crowned the inaugural champions following the club's 4–3 victory. After the season, the league decided to retain the 14 clubs and not promote any sides from the second division. The league also agreed to change its name from National to simply Division 1. For the 1934–35 season, the league organised a legitimate promotion and relegation system bringing the total tally of clubs in the first division to 16. The number remained until the 1938–39 season.

Because of World War II, football was suspended by the French government and the Ligue de Football Professionnel, although its member clubs continued playing in regional competitions. During the "war championships", as they are called, professionalism was abolished by the Vichy regime and clubs were forced to participate in regional leagues, designated as Zone Sud and Zone Nord. Due to its non-association with the two leagues, the LFP and FFF do not recognise the championships won by the clubs and thus 1939–1945 is non-existent in the two organisations' view. Following the conclusion of the war and the liberation of France, professional football returned to France. The first division increased its allotment of clubs to 18. This number remained until the 1965–66 season when the number was increased to 20. In 2002, the league changed its name from Division 1 to Ligue 1.

Format

Competition format

There are 18 clubs in Ligue 1. During the course of a season, usually from August to May, each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 34 games, though special circumstances may allow a club to host matches at other venues such as when Lille hosted Lyon at the Stade de France in 2007 and 2008. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then goal difference, and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned champion. If points are equal, the goal difference and then goals scored determine the winner. If still equal, teams are deemed to occupy the same position. If there is a tie for the championship, for relegation, or for qualification to other competitions, a play-off match at a neutral venue decides rank. For the 2015–16 season only, two teams were to be relegated and only two teams from Ligue 2 were to be promoted, [6] but this decision was overturned and three teams were relegated and three teams promoted. [7] Thus, it was the 2016–17 season which saw the return of a relegation play-off between the 18th-placed Ligue 1 team and the third-placed team in the Ligue 2 on a two-legged confrontation, with the Ligue 2 team hosting the first game. [8]

Previously, the league utilised a different promotion and relegation format. Prior to 1995, the league's format was direct relegation of the bottom two teams and a play-off between the third-last first-division team and the winner of the second-division play-offs, similar to the Dutch Eredivisie, and the German Bundesliga. The league has also experimented with a "bonus" rule. From 1973 to 1976, a rule rewarded teams scoring three or more goals in a game with one extra point, regardless of outcome, with the objective of encouraging offensive play. The experience was ultimately inconclusive. At the start of the 2006–07 season, the league introduced an Attacking Play Table to encourage the scoring of more goals in Ligue 1 and Ligue 2. The LFP, with the help of the former manager Michel Hidalgo introduced the idea to reward those teams who score the most goals. The table was similar to the previous idea, but was independent from the official league table and clubs were only rewarded with monetary bonuses.

In June 2021, the LFP voted overwhelmingly at its general assembly to contract Ligue 1 back to 18 clubs for the 2023–24 season by relegating four to, and promoting two from, Ligue 2 after 2022–23. [5]

European qualification

As of the 2023–24 season, as determined by the UEFA coefficient, the top four teams in Ligue 1 qualify for the Champions League, with the top three proceeding directly to the group phase. The fourth-placed team enters in the third qualifying round. The fifth-placed team qualifies for the UEFA Europa League, the sixth for UEFA Conference League. The last Europa League place is determined through the country's domestic cup competition, the Coupe de France. If the cup winner qualifies for Europe through their league position, the seventh-placed team in Ligue 1 will qualify for the Conference League. If France is among the top two nations that earned the most coefficient points from a single season, an additional Champions League group phase spot will be awarded to the team in fourth place; as such the Champions League third qualifying round spot and all spots below will be pushed back one position.

Clubs

A total of 74 clubs have played in Ligue 1 from its foundation in the 1932–33 season to the start of the 2023–24 season. [9] Currently, Marseille, Metz, Montpellier, Nice and Rennes are the only founding members of the league to be playing in Ligue 1. Paris Saint-Germain is the only club to have not suffered points relegation. They earned promotion to the first division for the 1974–75 season and have not faltered down since. Paris Saint-Germain was administratively relegated by the league following its split from Paris FC in 1972, but returned to the top flight two seasons later.

Internationally, the most well-known Ligue 1 clubs include Marseille, Lyon, Monaco and Lille.

Members for 2023–24

The following 18 clubs are competing in the 2023–24 Ligue 1 season.

As of start of 2023–24 Ligue 1 season
Club
Position
in 2022–23
First season in
top division
Seasons in
Ligue 1
StadiumStadium CapacityLigue 1
titles
Manager
Brest 14th1979–8018 Stade Francis-Le Blé 15,9310 Eric Roy
Clermont 8th2021–223 Stade Gabriel-Montpied 11,9800 Pascal Gastien
Le Havre L2: 1st1938–3924 Stade Océane 25,1780 Luka Elsner
Lens 2nd1937–3862 Stade Bollaert-Delelis 38,2231 Franck Haise
Lille 5th1945–4664 Stade Pierre-Mauroy 50,1864 Paulo Fonseca
Lorient 10th1998–9917 Stade du Moustoir 18,1100 Régis Le Bris
Lyon 7th1945–4666 Parc Olympique Lyonnais 59,1867 Fabio Grosso
Marseille 3rd1932–3374 Stade Vélodrome 67,3949 Gennaro Gattuso
Metz L2: 2nd1932–3364 Stade Saint-Symphorien 25,6360 László Bölöni
Monaco 6th1953–5465 Stade Louis II 16,3608 Adi Hütter
Montpellier 12th1932–3342 Stade de la Mosson 32,9001 Michel Del Zakarian
Nantes 16th1963–6456 Stade de la Beaujoire 35,3228 Pierre Aristouy
Nice 9th1932–3365 Allianz Riviera 36,1784 Francesco Farioli
Paris Saint-Germain 1st1971–7251 Parc des Princes 47,92911 Luis Enrique
Reims 11th1945–4639 Stade Auguste-Delaune 21,0296 Will Still
Rennes 4th1932–3367 Roazhon Park 29,7780 Bruno Génésio
Strasbourg 15th1934–3563 Stade de la Meinau 26,1091 Patrick Vieira
Toulouse 13th1982–8334 Stadium de Toulouse 33,1500 Carles Martínez Novell

Finances

Ligue 1 clubs' finances and budgets are managed by the DNCG (Direction Nationale du Contrôle de Gestion), an organisation responsible for monitoring the accounts of professional association football clubs in France. [10] It was founded in 1984 and is an administrative directorate of the Ligue de Football Professionnel (LFP). The mission of the DNCG is to oversee all financial operations of the 44 member clubs of the LFP, develop the resources of professional clubs, apply sanctions to those clubs breaking the rules of operation, defend the morals and interests of French football in general. [10]

Following a report by the DNCG, it was determined that the combined budget of Ligue 1 clubs was €910 million for the 2005–06 season, a 39% increase from the 2002–03 season. The prominent reason for the rise was mainly associated with the television rights deal the league regularly signs. Excluding Paris Saint-Germain, many of the top division clubs are extremely healthy with clubs such as Auxerre, Bordeaux, Lille and Lyon being referred to as "managed to perfection". [11] However, recently the DNCG has encouraged clubs to concentrate on limiting their "skyrocketing wage bills and the magnitude of their debts" after it was discovered that the LFP clubs accounts as a whole were in the red for the third consecutive season (2008–2011) with an estimated deficit of €130 million. [12] [13] In 2012, the LFP announced that the clubs deficit had been cut in half from €130 million to €65 million. [14] Ligue 1 ranks fifth in terms of revenue brought in by clubs with the league bringing in £0.6 billion for the 2006–07 season trailing England, Italy, Spain and Germany. [15]

In terms of world football, clubs Lyon and Marseille are among the richest football clubs in the world and regularly feature in the Deloitte Football Money League ranking of football clubs by revenue generated from football operations. In the list compiled in the 2008–09 season, Lyon ranked 13th among clubs generating approximately €139.6 million, while Marseille were right behind them in 14th position generating €133.2 million. [16]

In 2016, just Paris Saint-Germain was in the top 30 of the Deloitte Football Money League (ranked 4). From 2017 to 2020, Paris Saint-Germain (ranked between five and seven) and Lyon (ranked between 17 and 28) were part of the top 30.

Performance by club

Bold indicates clubs playing in 2023–24 Ligue 1.

ClubTitlesRunners-upWinning seasons
Paris Saint-Germain Star full.svg 129 1985–86, 1993–94, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2017–18, 2018–19, 2019–20, 2021–22, 2022–23, 2023–24
Saint-Étienne Star full.svg 103 1956–57, 1963–64, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1980–81
Marseille 913 1936–37, 1947–48, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1990–91, 1991–92, 2009–10
Monaco 87 1960–61, 1962–63, 1977–78, 1981–82, 1987–88, 1996–97, 1999–2000, 2016–17
Nantes 87 1964–65, 1965–66, 1972–73, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1982–83, 1994–95, 2000–01
Lyon 75 2001–02, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08
Bordeaux 69 1949–50, 1983–84, 1984–85, 1986–87, 1998–99, 2008–09
Reims 63 1948–49, 1952–53, 1954–55, 1957–58, 1959–60, 1961–62
Lille 46 1945–46, 1953–54, 2010–11, 2020–21
Nice 43 1950–51, 1951–52, 1955–56, 1958–59
Sochaux 23 1934–35, 1937–38
Sète 2 1933–34, 1938–39
Lens 15 1997–98
RC Paris 12 1935–36
Olympique Lillois [lower-alpha 1] 11 1932–33
Strasbourg 11 1978–79
Roubaix-Tourcoing 1 1946–47
Auxerre 1 1995–96
Montpellier 1 2011–12
Nîmes 4
Cannes 1
Fives [lower-alpha 1] 1
Toulouse (1937) 1
Metz 1
Notes
  1. 1 2 Lille founding clubs

Records

Appearances

RankPlayerPeriodClub(s) [lower-alpha 1] Games [17]
1 Flag of France.svg Mickaël Landreau 1996–2014 Nantes, Paris Saint-Germain, Lille, Bastia 618
2 Flag of France.svg Jean-Luc Ettori 1975–1994 Monaco 602
3 Flag of France.svg Dominique Dropsy 1971–1989 Valenciennes, Strasbourg, Bordeaux 596
4 Flag of France.svg Dominique Baratelli 1967–1985 Ajaccio, Nice, Paris Saint-Germain 593
5 Flag of France.svg Alain Giresse 1970–1988 Bordeaux, Marseille 586
6 Flag of France.svg Sylvain Kastendeuch 1982–2001 Metz, Saint-Étienne, Toulouse 577
7 Flag of France.svg Patrick Battiston 1973–1991 Bordeaux, Metz, Saint-Étienne, Monaco 558
8 Flag of France.svg Jacky Novi 1964–1980 Marseille, Nîmes, Paris Saint-Germain, Strasbourg 545
9 Flag of France.svg Roger Marche 1944–1962 Reims, RC Paris 542
10 Flag of France.svg Steve Mandanda 2007–present Marseille, Rennes 535
Notes
  1. where player played Ligue 1 games.

Goalscorers

RankPlayerPeriodClub(s) [lower-alpha 1] Goals [18] [19] GamesRatio
1 Flag of Argentina.svg Delio Onnis 1972–1986 Monaco, Reims, Tours, Toulon 2994490.67
2 Flag of France.svg Bernard Lacombe 1969–1987 Lyon, Saint-Étienne, Bordeaux 2554970.51
3 Flag of France.svg Hervé Revelli 1965–1978 Saint-Étienne, Nice 2163890.56
4 Flag of France.svg Roger Courtois 1932–1956 Sochaux, Troyes 2102880.73
5 Flag of France.svg Thadée Cisowski 1947–1961 Metz, RC Paris, Valenciennes 2062860.72
6 Flag of France.svg Roger Piantoni 1950–1966 Nancy, Reims, Nice 2033940.52
7 Flag of France.svg Joseph Ujlaki 1947–1964 Stade Français, Sète, Nîmes, Nice, RC Paris 1904380.43
8 Flag of France.svg Kylian Mbappé 2015–present Monaco, Paris Saint-Germain 1882410.78
9 Flag of France.svg Fleury Di Nallo 1960–1975 Lyon, Red Star 1874250.44
10 Flag of Argentina.svg Carlos Bianchi 1973–1980 Reims, Paris Saint-Germain, Strasbourg 1792200.81
Flag of Sweden.svg Gunnar Andersson 1950–1960 Marseille, Bordeaux 1792340.76
Notes
  1. where player scored Ligue 1 goals

Media coverage

Currently Ligue 1 matches in France air on Canal+ and Amazon Prime.

Formally, in France, the Ligue de Football Professionnel had an exclusive broadcasting agreement with premium pay TV channels, Canal+ and beIN Sports. The latter channel is operated by Qatar-based broadcaster Al Jazeera. The agreement with Al Jazeera, reached on 23 June 2011, pays the LFP €510 million over four seasons. [20] Following the announcement of the agreement, it was revealed that Canal+ had acquired four television packages, while beIN Sports acquired two packages. [21]

In 2018, Mediapro acquired three of the four major packages of LFP media rights for 2020-21 through 2024, largely replacing Canal+. beIN Sports maintained "lot 3", which contains two matches per-week on Saturday nights and Sunday afternoons. Mediapro was expected to establish a new channel to house these rights. [22] beIN Sports later sub-licensed this package to Canal+. [23] [24] In June 2020, Mediapro announced a partnership with TF1 to brand the new channel as Téléfoot—an extension of TF1's long-running football programme of the same name. As part of the agreement, Téléfoot will leverage TF1 talent and resources, with the programme's hosts Grégoire Margotton and Bixente Lizarazu serving as the lead broadcast team for at least 20 matches per-season. [25] [26]

Seeking to renegotiate its contract due to the financial impact of COVID-19, Mediapro began withholding its rights payments to the LFP in October 2020. [27] LFP CEO Arnaud Rouger stated in October 2020 that they may have to pursue a new broadcaster if they are unable to resolve the dispute with Mediapro. [28] In December 2020, it was reported that Mediapro were preparing to wind down Téléfoot, after it agreed to compensate the LFP for the two missed rights payments. [27] In February 2021, Canal+ reached an interim agreement to acquire the rights packages held by Mediapro for the remainder of the season, and later sub-licensed Ligue 2 to beIN; Téléfoot shut down on 8 February 2021. [23] [29] [30]

In June 2021, Canal+ and Amazon Prime acquired the broadcast rights to Ligue 1. [31]

Awards

Trophy

Ligue 1 trophy: L'Hexagoal. Hexagoal.jpg
Ligue 1 trophy: L'Hexagoal.

The current Ligue 1 trophy, L'Hexagoal, was developed by the Ligue de Football Professionnel and designed and created by Pablo Reinoso. The trophy has been awarded to the champion of France since the end of the 2006–07 season, replacing the previous Ligue 1 trophy that had existed for only five years. The name Hexagoal was derived from an official competition created by the LFP and French TV channel TF1 to determine a name for the new trophy. Over 9,000 proposals were sent in and, on 20 May 2007, French Football Federation member Frédéric Thiriez announced that, following an online vote, the term Hexagoal had received half of the votes. The first club to hoist the new trophy was Olympique Lyonnais who earned the honour after winning the 2007–08 season.

Monthly and annual

In addition to the winner's trophy and the individual winner's medal players receive, Ligue 1 also awards the monthly Player of the Month award. Following the season, the UNFP Awards are held and awards such as the Player of the Year, Manager of the Year, and Young Player of the Year from both Ligue 1 and Ligue 2 are handed out.

Sponsorship names

See also

Explanatory notes

  1. French: [liɡœ̃] ; "League 1"

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ligue de Football Professionnel</span> Football league

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mediapro</span>

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The 2009–10 Ligue 1 season was the 72nd since its establishment. Bordeaux were the defending champions. The fixtures were announced on 5 June 2009, and play commenced on 8 August and ended on 15 May 2010. There were three promoted teams from Ligue 2, replacing the three teams that were relegated from Ligue 1 following the 2008–09 season. A total of 20 teams competed in the league with three clubs suffering relegation to the second division, Ligue 2. All clubs that secured Ligue 1 status for this season were subject to approval by the DNCG before becoming eligible to participate. In addition, German sportswear company Puma became the official provider of match balls for the season after agreeing to a long term partnership with the Ligue de Football Professionnel.

The 2010–11 Ligue 1 season was the 73rd since its establishment. Entering the season, Marseille were the defending champions. The fixtures were announced on 21 May 2010 and the season began on 7 August and ended on 29 May 2011. The winter break was in effect between 23 December and 15 January 2011. There were three promoted teams from Ligue 2, replacing the three teams that were relegated from Ligue 1 following the 2009–10 season. A total of 20 teams currently competes in the league with three clubs suffering relegation to the second division, Ligue 2. All clubs that secured Ligue 1 status for the season were subject to approval by the DNCG before becoming eligible to participate. In addition, German sportswear company Puma, whom the Ligue de Football Professionnel share a partnership with, provided a brand new match ball for the new season.

The 2011–12 Ligue 1 season was the 74th since its establishment. Lille were the defending champions. The league schedule was announced on 31 March 2011 and the fixtures were determined on 10 June. The season began on 6 August 2011 and ended on 20 May 2012. The winter break was in effect from 22 December 2011 to 14 January 2012.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2012 Coupe de la Ligue final</span> Football match

The 2012 Coupe de la Ligue final was the 18th final of France's football league cup competition, the Coupe de la Ligue, a football competition for the 42 teams that the Ligue de Football Professionnel (LFP) manages. The final took place on 14 April 2012 at the Stade de France in Saint-Denis and was contested between Lyon and Marseille. The latter club entered the match as the two-time defending champions of the competition and sought to become the first club in French football history to win the competition three consecutive years after previously becoming the first club to win the competition in back-to-back seasons. Lyon made its first finals appearance since the 2008 Coupe de France Final and played at the Stade de France for the first time in nearly three years. The final was broadcast live on public network broadcaster France Télévisions.

The 2012–13 Ligue 1 was the 75th season since its establishment. Montpellier were the defending champions. The league schedule was announced in April 2012 and the fixtures were determined on 30 May. The season began on 10 August and ended on 26 May 2013. A winter break was in effect from 24 December to 12 January 2013.

The 2013–14 Ligue 1 was the 76th season since its establishment. The season began on 9 August 2013 and ended on 17 May 2014. Paris Saint-Germain were the defending champions. As in the previous years, Adidas provided the official ball for all matches, with a new Adidas Pro Ligue 1 model to be used throughout the season for all matches.

The 2019–20 Ligue 1 season, also known as Ligue 1 Conforama for sponsorship reasons, was a French association football tournament within Ligue 1. It was the 82nd season since its establishment. The season began on 9 August 2019 and ended abruptly on 28 April 2020.

The 2019–20 season was Olympique Lyonnais's 70th professional season since its establishment in 1950 and the club's 31st consecutive season in the top flight of French football. In addition to the domestic league, Lyon participated in this season's edition of the Coupe de France, Coupe de la Ligue and the UEFA Champions League.

The 2019–20 season was Toulouse Football Club's 49th season in existence and the club's 17th consecutive season in the top flight of French football. In addition to the domestic league, Toulouse participated in this season's editions of the Coupe de France, and the Coupe de la Ligue. The season covered the period from 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020.

The 2019–20 Nîmes Olympique season was the club's 82nd season in existence and the club's second consecutive season in the top flight of French football. In addition to the domestic league, Nîmes participated in this season's editions of the Coupe de France, and the Coupe de la Ligue. The season covered the period from 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020.

The 2019–20 season was Stade Rennais's 118th season in existence and the club's 26th consecutive season in the top flight of French football. In addition to the domestic league, Rennes participated in this season's editions of the Trophée des Champions, the Coupe de la Ligue, the UEFA Europa League and the Coupe de France. The season covered the period from 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020.

The 2019–20 season was Reims's 76th season in existence and the club's 16th consecutive season in the top flight of French football. In addition to the domestic league, Reims participated in this season's editions of the Coupe de France, and the Coupe de la Ligue. The season covered the period from 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020.

The 2019–20 season was Amiens's 76th season in existence and the club's 3rd consecutive season in the top flight of French football. In addition to the domestic league, Amiens participated in this season's editions of the Coupe de France, and the Coupe de la Ligue. The season covered the period from 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020.

The 2019–20 season was Dijon Football Côte d'Or's 22nd season in existence and the club's 4th consecutive season in the top flight of French football. In addition to the domestic league, Dijon participated in this season's editions of the Coupe de France, and the Coupe de la Ligue. The season covered the period from 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020.

Téléfoot: La Chaîne du Foot, also known as simply Téléfoot, was a French pay television channel owned by Mediapro. Launched on 17 August 2020, it was established as part of an agreement by Mediapro with Ligue de Football Professionnel (LFP) to acquire rights to Ligue 1 and Ligue 2 football beginning in the 2020-21 season. TF1 Group served as a content partner for the channel, under which it was branded as an extension of its football programme Téléfoot and employed its on-air personalities. The network was offered via both television providers and as an over-the-top streaming service.

The 2021–22 season was the 120th season in the existence of FC Girondins de Bordeaux and the club's 28th consecutive season in the top flight of French football. In addition to the domestic league, Bordeaux participated in this season's edition of the Coupe de France.

The 2021–22 season was the 103rd season in the existence of AS Saint-Étienne and the club's 18th consecutive season in the top flight of French football. In addition to the domestic league, Saint-Étienne participated in this season's editions of the Coupe de France.

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