DDR-Oberliga

Last updated

DDR Oberliga
DDR DFV Oberliga MeisterSchale Revolutionszeit.svg
Organising body Deutscher Fußball-Verband der DDR (DFV)
Founded1948
Folded1991
Replaced by Bundesliga
CountryFlag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Level on pyramid Level 1
Relegation to
Domestic cup(s) FDGB-Pokal
International cup(s) European Cup
UEFA Cup
Last champions Hansa Rostock
(1990–91)
Most championships BFC Dynamo (10 titles)

The DDR-Oberliga (English: East German Premier League or GDR Premier League) was the top-level association football league in East Germany.

Contents

Overview

The match between BFC Dynamo against Dynamo Dresden on 6 April 1988. Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1988-0406-032, BFC Dynamo - SG Dynamo Dresden 1-0.jpg
The match between BFC Dynamo against Dynamo Dresden on 6 April 1988.

Following World War II, separate sports competitions emerged in the occupied eastern and western halves of Germany, replacing the Gauligas of the Nazi era.

In East Germany, a top-flight football competition, the highest league in the East German football league system, was established in 1949 as the DS-Oberliga (Deutscher Sportausschuss Oberliga, German Sports Association Upper League). Beginning in 1958, it carried the name DDR-Oberliga and was part of the league structure within the DFV (Deutscher Fussball-Verband der DDR, German Football Association of the GDR).

In its inaugural season in 1949/50, the DDR-Oberliga was made up of 14 teams with two relegation spots. [1] Over the course of the next four seasons, the number of teams in the division varied and included anywhere from 17 to 19 sides with three or four relegation spots. [2] [3] [4] [5] Beginning with the 1954/55 season up until merger of the East and West German football associations in 1991/92 the league was made up of 14 teams with 2 relegation spots. [6]

Initially, the DDR-Oberliga operated on an autumn-spring schedule, as was traditional in Germany. From 1956 to 1960, a Soviet-style spring-autumn (calendar year) schedule was in place.[ citation needed ] This required a transition round in 1955 and, although no champion was formally declared that season, SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt finished atop the division. [7] 1961/62 saw the return of an autumn-spring season and an extended schedule (39 matches vs. 26 matches) was played with each club meeting the others a total of three times – once at home, once away, and once at a neutral venue. [8]

After German reunification, the last regular DDR-Oberliga season was played in 1990/91 under the designation NOFV-Oberliga (Nordostdeutsche Fußballverband Oberliga or Northeast German Football Federation Premier League). The following year, the East German league structure was merged into the West German system under the German Football Association (Deutscher Fussball Bund) and the top two NOFV-Oberliga clubs – F.C. Hansa Rostock and Dynamo Dresden – joined the first division Bundesliga.

For the duration of the league's existence, the league below it was the DDR-Liga.

Disbanding of the Oberliga

The Oberliga was disbanded after the 1990-91 season and its clubs were integrated in the German football league system. The fourteen Oberliga clubs went to the following leagues, spread over three tiers:

To the Fussball-Bundesliga (Tier I):

To the 2. Bundesliga Nord (Tier II):

To the 2. Bundesliga Süd (Tier II):

To the NOFV-Oberliga Nord (Tier III):

To the NOFV-Oberliga Mitte (Tier III):

To the NOFV-Oberliga Süd (Tier III):

The Oberliga reformed as the Regionalliga Nordost

In 1994, a new third tier division was established in the area that formerly made up East Germany. The Regionalliga Nordost was made up of most of the big names of the DDR-era alongside clubs from West Berlin. The only clubs from the final season of the old DDR-Oberliga not to appear here were F.C. Hansa Rostock, which was competing at the Bundesliga level, and Hallescher FC, which had fallen on hard times.

The league was disbanded again in 2000 and its member clubs were spread between the two remaining Regionalligas (III) and the NOFV-Oberligas (IV), effectively ending the history of the all-East German leagues.

The Regionalliga Nordost returned in 2012/13 as one of five fourth-tier regional leagues. The new league will cover the area of the former GDR and Berlin and the champions of this new division will qualify for a play-off against the winner of another Regionalliga or against the second-placed team in the Regionalliga Südwest to determine promotion to the 3. Liga.

DDR-Oberliga champions

BFC Dynamo was the league record holder with 10 DDR-Oberliga titles to its credit, having won all of these titles in successive seasons. [9]

Notes
  1. Transition season, not recognised as an official championship.

Placings in the DDR-Oberliga 1975–1991

Clubs are named by the last names they carried before the German reunification, which are not necessarily their current ones.

Club19751976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991
F.C. Hansa Rostock 1314141088910139461
SG Dynamo Dresden 31112242722623112
Berliner FC Dynamo 424311111111112411
1. FC Magdeburg 132244366554576310
FC Carl Zeiss Jena 253533253107366856
1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig 84545663433232587
FC Karl-Marx-Stadt 1011978999969888325
FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt 9769712775761071212113
FC Vorwärts Frankfurt 51212135542489101314
BSG Wismut Aue 126101111101210108411410713
Hallescher FC Chemie 118766781111145994
BSG Sachsenring Zwickau 798101281112141413
1. FC Union Berlin 118101312137111114
BSG Stahl Riesa 61013911131112121214
BSG Stahl Brandenburg 1159411108
BSG Energie Cottbus 14131310713
BSG Chemie Leipzig 13141213112
BSG Chemie Böhlen 121314131
BSG Fortschritt Bischofswerda 1414
BSG Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt 129
BSG Motor Suhl 14
BSG Chemie Buna Schkopau214
BSG Wismut Gera 14
ASG Vorwärts Stralsund 14

Source: "DDR-Oberliga". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 15 March 2008.

See also

Related Research Articles

FC Hansa Rostock German association football club based in Rostock

FC Hansa Rostock[ʔɛf ˈt͡seː ˈhanza ˈʁɔstɔk] is a German association football club based in the city of Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. They have emerged as one of the most successful clubs from the former East Germany after German reunification and have made several appearances in the top-flight Bundesliga.

FC Erzgebirge Aue Association football club in Aue-Bad Schlema, Germany

Fußball Club Erzgebirge Aue e.V., commonly known as simply FC Erzgebirge Aue or Erzgebirge Aue, is a German football club based in Aue-Bad Schlema, Saxony. The former East German side was a founding member of the 3. Liga in 2008–09, after being relegated from the 2. Bundesliga in 2007–08. The city of Aue-Bad Schlema has a population of about 20,800, making it one of the smallest cities to ever host a club playing at the second highest level of German football. However, the team attracts supporters from a larger urban area that includes Chemnitz and Zwickau, whose own football sides are among Aue's traditional rivals.

The NOFV-Oberliga is a division at step 5 of the German football league system. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, it became the successor of the DDR-Oberliga, and functions today as a 5th division in the former territory of East Germany and the city of Berlin.

Chemnitzer FC German association football club from Chemnitz, Saxony

Chemnitzer Fußballclub e.V. is a German association football club based in Chemnitz, Saxony. The club competes in Regionalliga Nordost, the fourth tier of German football.

Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl German football club

Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl was a German association football club based in Eisenhüttenstadt in Brandenburg. The club dissolved in 2016 and merged into FC Eisenhüttenstadt.

Regionalliga Nord Football league

The Regionalliga Nord is the fourth tier of the German football league system in the states of Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, Bremen and Hamburg. It is one of five leagues at this level, together with the Regionalliga Bayern, Regionalliga Nordost, Regionalliga Südwest and the Regionalliga West. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the third tier.

Uwe Reinders German footballer and manager

Uwe Reinders is a German former footballer and manager.

Rocco Milde is a German former professional footballer who played as a forward. Milde had a much-travelled career, but is best remembered as a Dynamo Dresden player, having had three separate spells with the club.

Regionalliga Nordost Football league

The Regionalliga Nordost is the fourth tier of German football in the states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony and Thuringia. These comprise the states of former East Germany as well as West Berlin.

The NOFV-Oberliga Nord is the fifth tier of the German football league system in the northern states of the former East Germany and West Berlin. It covers the German states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and northern Saxony-Anhalt. It is one of fourteen Oberligas in German football. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the fourth tier of the league system, and until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the third tier.

The NOFV-Oberliga Süd is the fifth tier of the German football league system in the southern states of the former East Germany. It covers the German states of Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, Saxony and southern Brandenburg. It is one of fourteen Oberligas in German football. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the fourth tier of the league system, and until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the third tier.

The NOFV-Oberliga Mitte was the third tier of the German football league system in the central states of former East Germany and West Berlin. The league existed from 1991 to 1994. It covered the German states of Berlin, Brandenburg and Saxony-Anhalt.

The Verbandsliga Sachsen-Anhalt is the sixth tier of the German football league system and the highest league in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the fifth tier of the league system, until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the fourth tier.

Verbandsliga Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Football league

The Verbandsliga Mecklenburg-Vorpommern is the sixth tier of the German football league system and the highest league in the German state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the fifth tier of the league system, until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the fourth tier.

DDR-Liga Football league

The DDR-Liga' was, prior to German reunification in 1990, the second level of football competition in the DDR, being roughly equivalent to the 2. Bundesliga in West Germany.

The 1990–91 season of the former DDR-Oberliga, renamed NOFV-Oberliga for this season, was the last season of the top East German league.

Jörn Lenz German footballer

Jörn Lenz is a German former professional footballer who played as a defender. Lenz had four different spells with BFC Dynamo during his professional playing career and has continued to serve as part of the club's backroom staff since retiring in 2008. Lenz played a total of 374 matches for BFC Dynamo between 1988 and 2008. He made two appearances for BFC Dynamo in the 1989-90 European Cup Winners' Cup.

ASG Vorwärts Dessau German football club

ASG Vorwärts Dessau is a German association football club based in Dessau-Roßlau, Saxony-Anhalt.

Frank Siersleben

Frank Siersleben is a former football player turned manager. He spent the majority of his career with 1. FC Magdeburg playing in the DDR-Oberliga, East Germany's top flight. He also won 23 caps for the East German youth national teams.

Bischofswerdaer FV 08 German association football club from Bischofswerda, Saxony.

The Bischofswerdaer FV 08 is a German association football club from the town of Bischofswerda, Saxony.

References

  1. Alexander Mastrogiannopoulos (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1949/50". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  2. Jan Schoenmakers (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  3. Jan Schoenmakers (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  4. Jan Schoenmakers (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  5. Jan Schoenmakers (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  6. Jan Schoenmakers (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  7. Alexander Mastrogiannopoulos (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1955". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  8. Alexander Mastrogiannopoulos (16 October 2005). "East Germany 1955". rsssf.com. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
  9. "DDR Oberliga". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 4 March 2008.