3. Liga

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3. Liga
3. Liga logo (2019).svg
Founded2008;13 years ago (2008)
First season25 July 2008
CountryGermany
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams20
Level on pyramid3
Promotion to 2. Bundesliga
Relegation to
Domestic cup(s) DFB-Pokal
Current champions Bayern Munich II (1st title)
(2019–20)
Most championships VfL Osnabrück (2 titles)
Top goalscorer Anton Fink (136)
Website Official website
Current: 2020–21 3. Liga

The 3. Liga [lower-alpha 1] is a professional association football league and the third division in Germany. In the German football league system, it is positioned between the 2. Bundesliga and the fourth-tier Regionalliga.

Contents

The modern 3. Liga was formed for the 2008–09 season, replacing the Regionalliga, which had previously served as the third-tier in the country. [1] In Germany, the 3. Liga is also the highest division that a club's reserve team can play in.

History

In January 2006, the discussion was made about a reorganization of the amateur leagues and the establishment of a single-track "3. Bundesliga". The aim of the reform was to create a great performance density for the substructure of the 2. Bundesliga with better support and development opportunities for talented players. In addition, better marketing of the third division should be achieved. A violent dispute broke out in the run-up to the decision scheduled for September 2006 at the DFB-Bundestag about the participation of second teams in the first and second division. After the U23 teams of the professional clubs were initially not supposed to take part in the newly created league for reasons of distortion of competition and low attendance, several Bundesliga clubs demanded, an unrestricted right to participate. Ultimately, a compromise was worked out that initially only allowed four second substitutes to play in the premier season of the third division. [2]

On 8 September 2006, the introduction of the single-track 3. Liga was finally decided at an extraordinary DFB Bundestag. Half of the clubs from the existing Regionalliga North and South were able to qualify for the premiere season, plus four relegated teams from the 2. Bundesliga. The German Football Association, the DFB, announced the formation of the 3. Liga. It was originally anticipated that the league's name would be 3. Bundesliga, but the DFB chose 3. Liga instead, as the league will be directly administered by the DFB, not by the German Football League DFL (Deutsche Fußball Liga) who runs both Bundesliga and 2. Bundesliga. [3] On 10 April 2008, the DFB presented the logo for the new division to the public. [4]

In contrast to the introduction of the 2. Liga in 1974 or the merging of the north and south seasons to form the single-track 2. Bundesliga for the 1981–82 season, there was no multi-year rating when determining the participants for the first season of the new 3. Liga. It was only the performance of the teams in the qualifying period of the Regionalliga relays were athletically qualified for the 3. Liga. In addition, there were four 2. Liga relegated teams in the 2007–08 season. The Regionalliga players who were not qualified for the new division after completing the admission process competed in the new three-pronged fourth division Regionalliga, provided they were granted a license for this. [5]

The first match of the 3. Liga was played on 25 July 2008 between Rot-Weiß Erfurt and Dynamo Dresden at the Steigerwaldstadion in Erfurt. Dynamo Dresden won the match 1–0, with Halil Savran scoring the only goal in the closing stages of the first half. The first goal scorer in the 3. Liga was Halil Savran and the first table leader was SC Paderborn 07. The first champions of the 3. Liga were 1. FC Union Berlin on 9 May 2009, who received the eight-and-a-half-kilogram silver championship trophy. [6]

In the 2018–19 season, four relegated teams were determined for the first time in the history of the 3. Liga, [7] and for the first-time regular Monday games took place. [8] Furthermore, for the first time no U23 team from a higher-class club was able to qualify for the league. With the relegation of the last founding member of the 3. Liga, FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt, in the preseason, for the first time, no team that been part of the league without interruption took part in the game. In addition, at the beginning of the 2018–19 season, the DFB and Adidas signed a partner contract that would run until the end of the 2021–22 season, according to which the company provides a uniform match ball; in all previous seasons each club had its own ball sponsor. The first ball provided by Adidas for all the clubs was the Telstar 18, which was also used at the 2018 FIFA World Cup. [9]

For the 2019–20 season, as in the two national leagues, warnings for club officials were introduced in the form of cards. On the 13th match day, the DFB expanded the regulation by an addition – as with players, club officials are threatened with suspension of more than one game and yellow card suspensions after being sent off after being checked by the competent authority. [10] In view of the global COVID-19 pandemic, gaming operations had to be temporarily suspended after 27 match days on 11 March 2020 and finally completely ceased on 16 March; the measure was initially valid until 30 April 2020. [11] [12] On 3 April, the DFB announced extensive changes to the game rules as a result. Among other things, it was possible to carry out seasonal operations beyond 30 June 2020, so the following season was opened later than the planned time. Ultimately, the final game day took place on 4 July 2020. In addition, a possible application to open insolvency proceedings within the 2019–20 season would no longer have resulted in a point deduction, in the following season only three points would be deducted instead of the usual nine; from the 2021–22 season onwards, the usual regulation should apply again. [13] On 21 May, it was decided to resume game operations on 30 May, and the DFB and DFL had worked out a hygiene concept for all three leagues with the help of the "Task Force Sports Medicine/Special Game Operations". [14] In parallel to the two national leagues, the DFB increased the substitutions quota per team from three to five player for the 3. Liga until the end of the season, and the third-highest German division was not allowed be played in front of spectators. [15]

While small numbers of spectators are allowed from the start of the 2020–21 season under certain conditions, it was decided in an internal league survey to limit the substitution contingent to three players again.

Financial situation

From its foundation in 2008 to 2013, the league operated at a financial loss, with a record deficit of €20.9 million in 2012–13. The 2013–14 season saw the league make a profit for the first time, of €4.9 million. The league earned €164.5 million, well behind the two Bundesligas above it, but also well ahead of other professional sports leagues in Germany. The Deutsche Eishockey Liga followed with €106.1 million and the Basketball Bundesliga and Handball-Bundesliga were each around the €90 million mark. [16] This makes it the third-most economically successful professional league in all German sports. [17]

Clubs

Since the establishment of the 3. Liga in 2008, a total of 60 clubs have played in this division. In the 2020–21 season, SC Verl, Türkgücü München and VfB Lübeck were represented in the league for the first time. The last club that has been in the 3. Liga without intrruptin since it was founded in 2008 is FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt, which was relegated in 2018. The longest uninterrupted club playing in the league is SV Wehen Wiesbaden, which from 2009 until its promotion to the 2. Liga in 2019, played in the 3. Liga for 10 years and also leads the all-time table. The clubs that have remained the longest at the moment are FC Hansa Rostock and Hallescher FC, which have remained in the division since 2012. the clubs with the currently most – ten- seasons in the 2. Liga are Sv Wehen Wiesbaden and SpVgg Unterhaching.

Members of the 2020–21 3. Liga

TeamLocationStadiumCapacity
Dynamo Dresden Dresden Rudolf-Harbig-Stadion 32,066
MSV Duisburg Duisburg Schauinsland-Reisen-Arena 31,500
Hallescher FC Halle Erdgas Sportpark 15,057
FC Ingolstadt Ingolstadt Audi Sportpark 15,000
1. FC Kaiserslautern Kaiserslautern Fritz-Walter-Stadion 49,780
Viktoria Köln Cologne Sportpark Höhenberg 10,001
VfB Lübeck Lübeck Stadion Lohmühle 17,849
1. FC Magdeburg Magdeburg MDCC-Arena 27,500
Waldhof Mannheim Mannheim Carl-Benz-Stadion 25,667
SV Meppen Meppen Hänsch-Arena 16,500
1860 Munich Munich Grünwalder Stadion 15,000
Bayern Munich II MunichGrünwalder Stadion15,000
Türkgücü München Munich Olympiastadion
Grünwalder Stadion
69,250
15,000
Hansa Rostock Rostock Ostseestadion 29,000
1. FC Saarbrücken Saarbrücken Ludwigsparkstadion 16,003
KFC Uerdingen Düsseldorf Merkur Spiel-Arena 54,600
SpVgg Unterhaching Unterhaching Sportpark Unterhaching 15,053
SC Verl Paderborn Benteler-Arena 15,000
Wehen Wiesbaden Wiesbaden BRITA-Arena 12,250
FSV Zwickau Zwickau GGZ-Arena Zwickau 10,049

Stadiums 2020–21

Grunwalder Stadion Munchen Sechzger Panorama Stehhalle.jpg
Grünwalder Stadion München
Rudolf-Harbig-Stadion Dresden Rudolf-Harbig-Stadion.jpg
Rudolf-Harbig-Stadion Dresden
Carl-Benz-Stadion Mannheim Carl-Benz-Stadion 2016.JPG
Carl-Benz-Stadion Mannheim
Ostseestadion Rostock Ostseestadion am 14.08.17.jpg
Ostseestadion Rostock
Lohmuhle Lubeck Lubeck-Lohmuhle 1.jpg
Lohmühle Lübeck
Fritz-Walter-Stadion Kaiserslautern Kaiserslautern 03.jpg
Fritz-Walter-Stadion Kaiserslautern
ClubStadiumCapacity
KFC Uerdingen Merkur Spiel-Arena Düsseldorf 54.600
1. FC Kaiserslautern Fritz-Walter-Stadion 49.850
Dynamo Dresden Rudolf-Harbig-Stadion 32.123
MSV Duisburg Schauinsland-Reisen-Arena 31.500
1. FC Magdeburg MDCC-Arena 30.098
Hansa Rostock Ostseestadion 29.000
SV Waldhof Mannheim Carl-Benz-Stadion 24.302
1. FC Saarbrücken Ludwigsparkstadion 16.003
FC Ingolstadt 04 Audi Sportpark 15.200
Hallescher FC Erdgas Sportpark 15.057
SpVgg Unterhaching Sportpark Unterhaching 15.053
SC Verl Benteler-Arena Paderborn 15.000
TSV 1860 München Grünwalder Stadion 15.000
FC Bayern München II
SV Meppen Hänsch-Arena 13.815
Türkgücü München Flyeralarm Arena Würzburg 13.090
SV Wehen Wiesbaden Brita-Arena 12.566
VfB Lübeck Stadion Lohmühle 10.800
FSV Zwickau GGZ-Arena 10.134
FC Viktoria KölnSportpark Höhenberg10.001

Structure

Season3. Liga Champion
2008/09 1. FC Union Berlin
2009/10 VfL Osnabrück
2010/11 Eintracht Braunschweig
2011/12 SV Sandhausen
2012/13 Karlsruher SC
2013/14 1. FC Heidenheim
2014/15 Arminia Bielefeld
2015/16 Dynamo Dresden
2016/17 MSV Duisburg
2017/18 1. FC Magdeburg
2018/19 VfL Osnabrück
2019/20 FC Bayern München II
2020/21

Since the first season in 2008–09, 20 teams have been playing for promotion to the 2. Bundesliga. The first two teams are promoted directly, the third in the table has to play for promotion in two playoffs in the relegation against the third from the bottom of the 2. Bundesliga. The three (from the 2018–19 season four [18] ) last-placed teams will be relegated to the fourth-class Regionalliga and will be replaced by four (until 2018–19 three) promoted teams from the Regionalligas. The four best teams in the league qualify for the DFB-Pokal.

The teams which are not reserve teams of Bundesliga teams among the 20 teams in the league compete for promotion to the 2. Bundesliga, while the four bottom teams are relegated to one of the five Regionalligen: Regionalliga Nord, Regionalliga Nordost, Regionalliga West, Regionalliga Südwest, and Regionalliga Bayern. Until 2018, three were relegated. If, however, a reserve team is playing in the 3. Liga and the respective first team is relegated to the 3. Liga, the reserve team will be demoted to the fifth-level Oberliga regardless of its league position, because reserve teams of 3. Liga clubs are ineligible to play in the Regionalliga.

Qualifying for the 3. Liga

At the end of the 2007–08 season, the two best non-reserve teams from each of the two divisions of the Regionalliga were promoted to the 2. Bundesliga. The teams ranked third to tenth in both Regionalliga entered the new 3. Liga, joining the four teams relegated from the 2. Bundesliga to form the new 20-team league. Teams finishing 11th or lower in their Regionalliga remained where they were.

On 18 May 2008, at the end of the 2007–08 2. Bundesliga season, four clubs were relegated from the 2. Bundesliga and became charter members of the 3. Liga: Kickers Offenbach, Erzgebirge Aue, SC Paderborn and FC Carl Zeiss Jena.

On 31 May 2008, at the end of the 2007–08 Regionalliga seasons, clubs placing third through tenth in the Regionalliga Nord and the Regionalliga Süd also qualified for the new 3. Liga.

U23 Regulation

The teams of the 3. Liga are obliged to list at least 4 players in the match report sheet (game day squad) for each game who are eligible to play for a DFB selection team and who are not older than 23 years for the entire season (1 July to 30 June), i.e. were born on or after 1 July 1997 (U23 players) for the 2020–21 season. [19]

Eligibility to play in the second teams of licensed clubs (Bundesliga and 2. Bundesliga) is based on the regulation that applies from the Regionalliga downwards. According to this, only U23 players (see above) may be used, with 3 older players being allowed to be in the game at the same time. [20]

From the Regionalliga Nord:

From the Regionalliga Süd:

Promotion and relegation

The winner and runner-up in a given season are automatically promoted to the 2. Bundesliga. The third place team enters a home/away playoff against the 16th placed team of the 2. Bundesliga for the right to enter/stay in the 2. Bundesliga. Teams placing in the bottom four (three prior to 2019) are automatically sent to the Regionalliga.

SeasonChampionsRunners-upThird placeStandings
2008–09 Union Berlin Fortuna Düsseldorf SC Paderborn Table
2009–10 VfL Osnabrück Erzgebirge Aue FC Ingolstadt Table
2010–11 Eintracht Braunschweig Hansa Rostock Dynamo Dresden Table
2011–12 SV Sandhausen VfR Aalen Jahn Regensburg Table
2012–13 Karlsruher SC Arminia Bielefeld VfL Osnabrück Table
2013–14 1. FC Heidenheim RB Leipzig Darmstadt 98 Table
2014–15 Arminia Bielefeld MSV Duisburg Holstein Kiel Table
2015–16 Dynamo Dresden Erzgebirge Aue Würzburger Kickers Table
2016–17 MSV Duisburg Holstein Kiel Jahn Regensburg Table
2017–18 1. FC Magdeburg SC Paderborn Karlsruher SC Table
2018–19 VfL Osnabrück Karlsruher SC Wehen Wiesbaden Table
2019–20 Bayern Munich II Würzburger Kickers Eintracht Braunschweig Table

Economy

With an annual turnover of € 186 million (as of 2017–18), the 3. Liga was ahead of the Deutsche Eishockey Liga, the Handball-Bundesliga and Basketball Bundesliga [ citation needed ] (see: List of professional sports leagues by revenue).

License terms

In addition to sporting qualifications, the clubs concerned must also meet the economic and technical- organizational requirements that are mandatory by the DFB Presidium. These include that the capacity the stadiums in the 3. Liga must be more than 10,000 seats (of which 2000 seats); in turn, at least one third of these spaces must be covered. A stadium capacity of 5000 seats is sufficient for second teams. The coaches must have completed the football teacher training. [21]

In particular, the conditions relating to the arcade infrastructure repeatedly prompt potential climbers from the subordinate regional leagues not to submit any licensing documents; for example SV Rödinghausen or Berliner AK 07, both of which play in stadiums that are clearly too small. [22] [23] On the other hand, cases such as that of KFC Uerdingen 05, 1. FC Saarbrücken or Türkgücü München show that even a temporary game operation in alternative venues is just as problematic as the search for one. [24] [25] [26]

Broadcast rights

The media rights contract with SportA, the sports rights agency of the German public broadcasters ARD and ZDF, ran until the end of the 2017–18 season. Under this contract, the ARD and its third programs broadcast at least 100, a maximum of 120 games as well as the promotion games to the 3. Liga live. [27] The third programs broadcast further games via live stream on the internet. This reached an average of around four million viewers. [28] in addition, the ARD Sportschau showed summaries of selected games on Saturday from 6 pm to 6:30 pm.

Since the start of the 2017–18 season, Deutsche Telekom has been broadcasting all games for customers and subscribers as internet live streams. [27] From the 2018–19 season to the 2020–21 season, a new contract came into force, with which SportA and Telekom jointly held the media rights to the 3. Liga. The ARD and its state broadcasters will then show 86 games from the 3. Liga as well as the promotion games to the 3. Liga live.

The clubs in the 3. Liga have each received well over a million euros for television rights since the 2018–19 season, around 40 percent more than before. [29] When the 3. Liga was introduced, the clubs received a total of € 10 million. [30] Since the 2009–10 season, the annual payout has been € 12,8 million. [31] [32] the second teams of the professional clubs do not participate in the television money.

Spectators

The number of spectators in the 3. Liga varies greatly. Big city traditional clubs like Dynamo Dresden, 1. FC Kaiserslautern, 1. FC Magdeburg, FC Hansa Rostock, MSV Duisburg, Arminia Bielefeld, Karlsruher SC, Alemannia Aachen, Eintracht Braunschweig, TSV 1860 Munich and Fortuna Düsseldorf, but also the ambitious newcomer RB Leipzig often had an average attendance of well over 10,000 viewers per game. [33] Dynamo Dresden achieved the highest amount with an average of 27,500 spectators in the 2015–16 season. For the 2. Bundesliga teams, the average attendance is often less than 1,500 spectators per game. Werder Bremen II had the lowest value in the 2011–12 season with an average of 626. In the 2018–19 season, more than 3 million spectators were registered for the first time with an average of over 8,000, and six clubs achieved a five-digit average attendance.

Seasontotal [34] per game [34]
2008–09 2,136,1905,622
2009–10 1,951,7985,136
2010–11 2,125,2825,593
2011–12 1,737,3364,572
2012–13 2,340,8616,160
2013–14 2,321,2526,109
2014–15 2,563,5626,746
2015–16 2,687,0357,071
2016–17 2,268,7485,970
2017–18 2,345,3906,172
2018–19 3,090,1228,132
2019–20 (1)2,326,7216,123

Overall the 3. Liga has audience numbers that are comparable to the second soccer leagues in Italy (Serie B), France (Ligue 2) and Spain (Segunda División). [35] Only the third-rate English football league One has similarly high or higher attendance numbers. [36]

In the 2014–15 season, for the first time, more spectators per game came in the 3. Liga then in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga (DEL). Since then the average has always been just above that of the DEL. Right from the start, the average number of spectators in the 3. Liga exceeded that of the Handball and Basketball Bundesliga.

(1) Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, spectators were no longer allowed in the stadiums from the 28th matchday onwards, which resulted in reduced attendances. In addition, the values are based on data from the DFB.

Economic situation of the clubs

Since its first season, the 3. Liga has had a higher turnover than the first-class German Leagues in all other sports. [37] For a number of clubs their participation in the 3. Liga ended with major financial problems. In 2009, the Stuttgarter Kickers got down after the DFB had imposed a three-point deduction for a loan that was not repaid on time. In addition, Kickers Emden had to withdraw its application for a license for the 3. Liga for economic reasons. In 2010–11, the opening of insolvency proceeding resulted in the forced regulation of Rot Weiss Ahlen. In the same season, TuS Koblenz waived their right to start the following third division season due to financial bottlenecks. In 2013, after the opening of insolvency proceedings, Alemannia Aachen was determined to be relegated early on and Kickers Offenbach's third division license was revoked. In 2016–17, VfR Aalen and FSV Frankfurt. In March 2018, FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt filed for bankruptcy, followed by Chemnitzer FC in April. [38] Both clubs were relegated after deducting ten or nine points. Several other clubs are constantly threatened with bankruptcy. [28]

At a press conference in mid-October 2019, the DFB published the balance sheet report for the 2018–19 season. A record turnover of € 185 million was offset by an average loss of € 1.5 million, which meant a new negative record. It was also the ninth of eleven years in which the clubs showed a total deficit, while seven clubs were still able to generate a profit. One of the main drivers of this situation, according to the report, was increased spending on human resources, particularly on player transfers and salaries. The average earnings of a 3. Liga player for 2018–19 was given as around € 7,000. In addition, the number of spectators in the stadiums continued to rise, but in return it fell significantly on television. [39]

Financial fair play and the promotion of young talent

In order to counteract the problem, the DFB decided in September 2018 to introduce so-called financial fair play in the 3. Liga as well as a youth development fund to improve the economic situation of the clubs and strengthen their talent development. A total of around € 3.5 million is to be distributed to the clubs. Up to € 550,000 is to be distributed equally among clubs with a "positive seasonal result" and clubs that "have achieved or even exceeded their target season goal". A further € 2.95 million is to flow into the youth development of the participants, whereby the use of U21 players with German nationality should have a positive effect on the distribution rate per club. [40]

The pots are distributed in September at the end of a season. With the first distribution, Hansa Rostock received the highest amount for the top position in the categories "positive annual result" and "planned quiality" after a record turnover of € 19 million in the 2018–19 season. [41]

League statistics

Up to and including the 2018–19 season the top goal scorers, attendance statistics and records for the league are:

Attendance

SeasonLeague total
attendance
League average
attendance
Best supported clubAverage
attendance
2008–09 [42] 2,134,4255,617 Fortuna Düsseldorf 14,875
2009–10 [43] 1,949,3925,130 Dynamo Dresden 14,440
2010–11 [44] 2,122,0255,584 Eintracht Braunschweig 17,425
2011–12 [45] 1,736,3924,569 Arminia Bielefeld 8,935
2012–13 [46] 2,341,6856,162 Karlsruher SC 11,974
2013–14 [47] 2,306,9186,071 RB Leipzig 16,734
2014–15 [48] 2,563,0786,745 Dynamo Dresden 22,748
2015–16 [49] 2,665,9947,068 Dynamo Dresden 27,554
2016–17 [50] 2,265,0885,976 1. FC Magdeburg 17,101
2017–18 [51] 2,348,6306,181 1. FC Magdeburg 18,231
2018–19 [52] 3,089,3548,130 1. FC Kaiserslautern 21,156
2019–20 [53] [54] 2,350,1906,185 Eintracht Braunschweig 13,600

Top scorers

SeasonPlayerGoalsClub
2008–09 [55] Flag of Germany.svg Anton Fink 21 SpVgg Unterhaching
2009–10 [56] Flag of France.svg Régis Dorn 22 SV Sandhausen
2010–11 [57] Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Domi Kumbela
Flag of Germany.svg Patrick Mayer
19 Eintracht Braunschweig
1. FC Heidenheim
2011–12 [58] Flag of Germany.svg Marcel Reichwein 17 Rot-Weiß Erfurt
2012–13 [59] Flag of Germany.svg Anton Fink
Flag of Germany.svg Fabian Klos
20 Chemnitzer FC
Arminia Bielefeld
2013–14 [60] Flag of Germany.svg Dominik Stroh-Engel 27 Darmstadt 98
2014–15 [61] Flag of Germany.svg Fabian Klos 23 Arminia Bielefeld
2015–16 [62] Flag of Germany.svg Justin Eilers 23 Dynamo Dresden
2016–17 [63] Flag of Germany.svg Christian Beck 17 1. FC Magdeburg
2017–18 [64] Flag of Germany.svg Manuel Schäffler 22 Wehen Wiesbaden
2018–19 [65] Flag of Germany.svg Marvin Pourié 22 Karlsruher SC
2019–20 [66] Flag of Ghana.svg Kwasi Okyere Wriedt 24 Bayern Munich II

Records

As of 29 May 2019

Highest win7–0 FC Carl Zeiss Jena 07 1. FC Saarbrücken (11 August 2010) [67]
Most goals in a game10 Eintracht Braunschweig 55 Fortuna Düsseldorf (10 May 2009) [68]
Most league appearances332 Tim Danneberg (Eintracht Braunschweig, Chemnitzer FC, VfL Osnabrück, Holstein Kiel, SV Sandhausen) [69]
Most goals scored136 Anton Fink (Karlsruher SC, SpVgg Unterhaching, Chemnitzer FC, VfR Aalen) [70]

Placings in the 3. Liga

Map showing the champions of 3. Liga Karte-Meister-Liga-3.png
Map showing the champions of 3. Liga

The following clubs have played in the league and achieved the following final positions: [71]

Club 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
Union Berlin 12B2B2B2B2B2B2B2B2B2BBB
Fortuna Düsseldorf 22B2B2BB2B2B2B2B2BBB2B
SV Sandhausen 8141212B2B2B2B2B2B2B2B2B
1. FC Heidenheim 694512B2B2B2B2B2B2B
RB Leipzig 22B2BBBBBB
Darmstadt 98 1141832BBB2B2B2B2B
Arminia Bielefeld B2B2B1322B12B2B2B2B2BB
Erzgebirge Aue 1222B2B2B2B2B22B2B2B2B2B
Holstein Kiel 191631422B2B2B2B
Jahn Regensburg 1516832B112032B2B2B2B
SC Paderborn 32B2B2B2B2BB2B1822BB2B
VfL Osnabrück 2B12B73511561712B2B
Karlsruher SC B2B2B2B12B2B2B2B322B2B
Würzburger Kickers 32B5522B
Eintracht Braunschweig 13412B2BB2B2B2B2B1632B
Dynamo Dresden 91232B2B2B612B2B2B2Bx
Wehen Wiesbaden 2B15416749167432Bx
FC Ingolstadt 2B32B2B2B2B2BBB2B2B4x
1. FC Magdeburg 4412B14x
MSV Duisburg 2B2B2B2B2B722B12B2B5x
Hallescher FC 10910131313415x
Hansa Rostock 2B2B22B1213171015666x
FSV Zwickau 515716x
1. FC Kaiserslautern 2B2BBB2B2B2B2B2B2B910x
SpVgg Unterhaching 41114159171991011x
KFC Uerdingen 1113x
TSV 1860 Munich 2B2B2B2B2B2B2B2B2B128x
SV Meppen 7137x
Chemnitzer FC 96125681917x
Bayern Munich II 58191x
FC Viktoria Köln 12x
SV Waldhof Mannheim 9x
1. FC Saarbrücken 6101120x
VfB Lübeck x
SC Verl x
Türkgücü München x
Preußen Münster 124689910818
Sonnenhof Großaspach 15710141519
FC Carl Zeiss Jena 1651518111420
Energie Cottbus B2B2B2B2B2B71917
Sportfreunde Lotte 121618
Fortuna Köln 141116819
VfR Aalen 191622B2B2B15111220
Werder Bremen II 17131820171718
Rot-Weiß Erfurt 1095513101281420
Mainz 05 II 161219
FSV Frankfurt 2B2B2B2B2B2B2B2B20
Stuttgarter Kickers 20178418
VfB Stuttgart II 1110101114151320
Borussia Dortmund II 18161418
SV Elversberg 18
Wacker Burghausen 1817176819
Kickers Offenbach 1777815
SV Babelsberg 03 131719
Alemannia Aachen 2B2B2B2B20
Rot-Weiß Oberhausen 2B2B2B19
TuS Koblenz 32B2B11
Rot Weiss Ahlen 42B2B20
Wuppertaler SV 1420
Kickers Emden 56

Notes

SymbolKey
B Bundesliga
2B 2. Bundesliga
1League champions
#League place
Blanknot in 3. Liga, Bundesliga or 2. Bundesliga

Promotion rounds

To the 2. Bundesliga

At the end of the regular season the third placed team in the 3. Liga play the 16th placed team in the 2. Bundesliga over two matches. The overall winner plays in the 2. Bundesliga in the following season, and the loser in the 3. Liga.

2008–09 [75]
Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
SC Paderborn (3L)2–0 VfL Osnabrück (2B)1–01–0
2009–10 [76]
Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
FC Ingolstadt (3L)3–0 Hansa Rostock (2B)1–02–0
2010–11 [77]
Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
Dynamo Dresden (3L)4–2VfL Osnabrück (2B)1–13–1 (a.e.t.)
2011–12 [78]
Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
Jahn Regensburg (3L)3–3 (a) Karlsruher SC (2B)1–12–2
2012–13 [79]
Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
VfL Osnabrück (3L)1–2Dynamo Dresden(2B)1–00–2
2013–14 [80]
Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
Darmstadt 98 (3L)5–5 (a) Arminia Bielefeld (2B)1–34–2 (a.e.t.)
2014–15 [81]
Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
Holstein Kiel (3L)1–2 1860 Munich (2B)0–01–2
2015–16 [82]
Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
Würzburger Kickers (3L)4–1 MSV Duisburg (2B)2–02–1
2016–17 [83]
Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
Jahn Regensburg(3L)3–11860 Munich (2B)1–12–0
2017–18 [84]
Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
Karlsruher SC (3L)1–3Erzgebirge Aue(2B)0–01–3
2018–19 [85]
Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
Wehen Wiesbaden (3L)4–4 (a)FC Ingolstadt (2B)1–23–2
2019–20 [86]
Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
1. FC Nürnberg (2B)3–3 (a)FC Ingolstadt (3L)2–01–3

To the 3. Liga

From the 2012–13 to 2017–18 seasons, the champions of the five Regionalligas and the runners-up of the Regionalliga Südwest entered an end-of-the season play-off to determine the three teams promoted to the 3. Liga. From the 2018–19 season, three out of those five champions take direct promotion, leaving the remaining two to contest the play-off for the fourth promotion.

Key

SymbolKey
(2B) 2. Bundesliga — 16th placed team
(3L)3. Liga — 3rd placed team
(B) Regionalliga Bayern
(N) Regionalliga Nord
(NO) Regionalliga Nordost
(S1) Regionalliga Südwest — Champions
(S2)Regionalliga Südwest — Runners-up
(W) Regionalliga West

The German 3. Liga was licensed in 2017 for EA SPORTS FIFA 18 video-game for the first time by the result of a voting poll from the FIFA community FIFPlay for FIFA 18 new leagues. The voting has received over 2 million votes from the community with more than 230,000 votes for the German 3rd League (3. Liga). [87]

Notes

  1. It is fully written as Dritte Liga and is more explicitly called 3. Fußball-Liga.

Related Research Articles

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Fußball Club Erzgebirge Aue e.V., commonly known as simply FC Erzgebirge Aue or Erzgebirge Aue, is a German football club based in Aue-Bad Schlema, Saxony. The former East German side was a founding member of the 3. Liga in 2008–09, after being relegated from the 2. Bundesliga in 2007–08. The city of Aue-Bad Schlema has a population of about 20,800, making it one of the smallest cities to ever host a club playing at the second highest level of German football. However, the team attracts supporters from a larger urban area that includes Chemnitz and Zwickau, whose own football sides are among Aue's traditional rivals.

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2. Bundesliga Association football league

The 2. Bundesliga is the second division of professional football in Germany. The 2. Bundesliga is ranked below the Bundesliga and above the 3. Liga in the German football league system. All of the 2. Bundesliga clubs qualify for the DFB-Pokal, the annual German Cup competition. A total of 127 clubs have competed in the 2. Bundesliga since its foundation.

TSG 1899 Hoffenheim

Turn- und Sportgemeinschaft 1899 Hoffenheim e.V., or simply TSG 1899 Hoffenheim or just Hoffenheim is a German professional football club based in Hoffenheim, a village of Sinsheim municipality, Baden-Württemberg.

SV Wehen Wiesbaden German football club

SV Wehen Wiesbaden is a German association football club based in Wiesbaden, Hesse. Since the beginning of the 2007–08 season the club no longer plays its home games in Taunusstein, where they were originally located. In the summer of 2007 Wiesbaden was added to the original name of SV Wehen. The club currently competes in the 3. Liga.

Regionalliga Nord

The Regionalliga Nord is the fourth tier of the German football league system in the states of Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, Bremen and Hamburg. It is one of five leagues at this level, together with the Regionalliga Bayern, Regionalliga Nordost, Regionalliga Südwest and the Regionalliga West. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the third tier.

Würzburger Kickers

Würzburger Kickers is a German association football club playing in Würzburg, Bavaria. In pre-World War II football, the club has competed briefly at highest level, in the Bezirksliga Bayern and, during the war, in the Gauliga Bayern. Post-war, it made a single appearance in professional football in the southern division of the 2. Bundesliga in 1977–78. After a long stint in amateur football, dropping as low as the seventh tier, the club began a recovery. Kickers reached professional football again in 2014–15 after winning promotion to the 3. Liga and the following season were promoted to the 2. Bundesliga.

The Regionalliga Süd was the fourth tier of the German football league system from 2008 to 2012. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008, it was the third tier. It was the highest regional league for the southern part of Germany. It covered the states of Bavaria, Hesse and Baden-Württemberg and was one of three leagues at this level, together with the Regionalliga Nord and the Regionalliga West.

Under 19 Bundesliga

The Under 19 Bundesliga is the highest level in German Under 19 football. It was created in 2003 and is divided in three divisions with 14 teams each. The winner of each divisions and the second-placed team from the Süd/Südwest division join the play-offs for the German U19 champions.

Regionalliga Nordost

The Regionalliga Nordost is the fourth tier of German football in the states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony and Thuringia. These comprise the states of former East Germany as well as West Berlin.

Regionalliga West German semi-professional football division

The Regionalliga West is a German semi-professional football division administered by the Western German Football Association based in Duisburg. It is one of the five German regional football associations. Being the single flight of the Western German state association, the Regionalliga is currently a level 4 division of the German football league system. It is one of five leagues at this level, together with the Regionalliga Bayern, Regionalliga Nordost, Regionalliga Nord and the Regionalliga Südwest.

Regionalliga Bayern

The Regionalliga Bayern,, is the highest association football league in the state of Bavaria and the Bavarian football league system. It is one of five Regionalligas in German football, the fourth tier of the German football league system, below the 3. Liga.

Regionalliga Südwest

The Regionalliga Südwest is the fourth tier of the German football league system in the states of Hesse, Baden-Württemberg, Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland. It is one of five leagues at this level, together with the Regionalliga Bayern, Regionalliga Nordost, Regionalliga Nord and the Regionalliga West.

The 2014–15 season of the Oberliga Westfalen, the highest association football league in the Westphalia region of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, was the third season of the league at tier five (V) of the German football league system and the 33rd season overall since establishment of the league in 1978. The league was defunct from 2008 to 2012, when it was re-established.

The 2014–15 season of the Niedersachsenliga, the highest association football league in the German state of Lower Saxony, was the seventh season of the league at tier five (V) of the German football league system.

The 2014–15 season of the Oberliga Hamburg, the highest association football league in the German state of Hamburg, was the seventh season of the league at tier five (V) of the German football league system.

The 2014–15 season of the Schleswig-Holstein-Liga, the highest association football league in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein, was the seventh season of the league at tier five (V) of the German football league system.

The 2014–15 Oberliga Niederrhein was the 59th season of the Oberliga Niederrhein, one of three state association league systems in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, covering its northwestern part. It was the third season of the league as a fifth level of the German football league system.

The 2016−17 season of the Regionalliga Südwest was the ninth season of the Regionalliga as the fourth highest division in Germany and started with the opening game on 5 August 2016.

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