1992–2004 (as Division Two)
1958–1992 (as Division Three)
1921–1958 (as Division Three North/South)
1920–1921 (as Division Three)
|Number of teams||24|
|Level on pyramid||3|
|Relegation to||League Two|
|Domestic cup(s)||FA Cup|
|League cup(s)|| EFL Cup |
|International cup(s)|| UEFA Europa League (via FA Cup)|
UEFA Europa Conference League (via EFL Cup)
|Current champions|| Hull City |
|Most championships|| Luton Town |
(2 titles each)
|TV partners||List of broadcasters|
|Current: 2021–22 EFL League One|
The English Football League One (often referred to as League One for short or Sky Bet League One for sponsorship reasons) is the second-highest division of the English Football League and the third tier overall in the entire English football league system.
League One was introduced for the 2004–05 season. It was previously known briefly as the Football League Second Division and for much longer, prior to the advent of the Premier League, as the Football League Third Division.
At present, Gillingham hold the longest tenure in League One, last being out of the division in the 2012–13 season. There are currently seven former Premier League clubs competing in League One, namely Sheffield Wednesday (1993–2000), Ipswich Town (1992–95 and 2000–02), Charlton Athletic (1998–99 and 2000–07), Bolton Wanderers (2001–12), Portsmouth (2003–10), Wigan Athletic (2005–13) and Sunderland (1996–97, 1999–2003, 2005–06 and 2007–17).
There are 24 clubs in League One. Each club plays every other club twice (once at home and once away). Three points are awarded for a win, one for a draw and zero for a loss. At the end of the season a table of the final League standings is determined, based on the following criteria in this order: points obtained, goal difference, goals scored, an aggregate of the results between two or more clubs (ranked using the previous three criteria) and, finally, a series of one or more play-off matches.
At the end of each season the top two clubs, together with the winner of the play-offs between the clubs which finished in 3rd–6th position, are promoted to EFL Championship and are replaced by the three clubs that finished at the bottom of that division.
Similarly, the four clubs that finished at the bottom of EFL League One are relegated to EFL League Two and are replaced by the top three clubs and the club that won the 4th–7th place play-offs in that division.
The following 24 clubs will compete in League One during the 2020–21 season.
|Club||Finishing position last season||Location||Stadium||Capacity|
|Accrington Stanley||17th||Accrington||Crown Ground||5,057 (2,000 seated)|
|AFC Wimbledon||20th||London (Merton)||Plough Lane||9,300|
|Bristol Rovers||14th||Bristol||Memorial Stadium||12,300|
|Burton Albion||12th||Burton upon Trent||Pirelli Stadium||6,912 (2,034 seated)|
|Charlton Athletic||22nd in Championship (relegated)||London (Charlton)||The Valley||27,111|
|Crewe Alexandra||2nd in League Two (promoted)||Crewe||Gresty Road||10,180|
|Doncaster Rovers||9th||Doncaster||Keepmoat Stadium||15,231|
|Fleetwood Town||6th||Fleetwood||Highbury Stadium||5,311 (2,701 seated)|
|Hull City||24th in Championship (relegated)||Kingston upon Hull||KCOM Stadium||25,586|
|Ipswich Town||11th||Ipswich||Portman Road||30,311|
|Lincoln City||16th||Lincoln||Sincil Bank||10,307|
|Milton Keynes Dons||19th||Milton Keynes||Stadium MK||30,500|
|Northampton Town||7th in League Two (promoted via play-offs)||Northampton||PTS Academy Stadium||7,798|
|Oxford United||4th||Oxford||Kassam Stadium||12,500|
|Peterborough United||7th||Peterborough||London Road||15,314|
|Plymouth Argyle||3rd in League Two (promoted)||Plymouth||Home Park||18,600|
|Shrewsbury Town||15th||Shrewsbury||New Meadow||9,875|
|Sunderland||8th||Sunderland||Stadium of Light||48,707|
|Swindon Town||1st in League Two (promoted)||Swindon||County Ground||15,728|
|Wigan Athletic||23rd in Championship (relegated)||Wigan||DW Stadium||25,138|
|Season||Winner||Runner-up||Promoted Play-off Winner (Position)|
|2004–05||Luton Town||Hull City||Sheffield Wednesday (5th)|
|2005–06||Southend United||Colchester United||Barnsley (5th)|
|2006–07||Scunthorpe United||Bristol City||Blackpool (3rd)|
|2007–08||Swansea City||Nottingham Forest||Doncaster Rovers (3rd)|
|2008–09||Leicester City||Peterborough United||Scunthorpe United (6th)|
|2009–10||Norwich City||Leeds United||Millwall (3rd)|
|2010–11||Brighton & Hove Albion||Southampton||Peterborough United (4th)|
|2011–12||Charlton Athletic||Sheffield Wednesday||Huddersfield Town (4th)|
|2012–13||Doncaster Rovers||Bournemouth||Yeovil Town (4th)|
|2013–14||Wolverhampton Wanderers||Brentford||Rotherham United (4th)|
|2014–15||Bristol City||Milton Keynes Dons||Preston North End (3rd)|
|2015–16||Wigan Athletic||Burton Albion||Barnsley (6th)|
|2016–17||Sheffield United||Bolton Wanderers||Millwall (6th)|
|2017–18||Wigan Athletic (2nd titles)||Blackburn Rovers||Rotherham United (4th)|
|2018–19||Luton Town (2nd titles)||Barnsley||Charlton Athletic (3rd)|
|2019–20||Coventry City||Rotherham United||Wycombe Wanderers (3rd)|
|2020–21||Hull City||Peterborough United||Blackpool (3rd)|
For past winners at this level before 2004, see List of winners of English Football League One and predecessors.
|Season||Semi-final (1st Leg)||Semi-final (2nd Leg)||Final|
|2004–05|| Sheffield Wednesday 1–0 Brentford |
Hartlepool United 2–0 Tranmere Rovers
| Brentford 1–2 Sheffield Wednesday |
Tranmere Rovers 2–0 Hartlepool United
(Hartlepool won 6–5 on penalties, a.e.t.)
|Sheffield Wednesday 4–2 Hartlepool United (a.e.t.)|
|2005–06|| Barnsley 0–1 Huddersfield Town |
Swansea City 1–1 Brentford
| Huddersfield Town 1–3 Barnsley |
Brentford 0–2 Swansea City
| Barnsley 2–2 Swansea City |
(Barnsley won 4–3 on penalties, a.e.t.)
|2006–07|| Yeovil Town 0–2 Nottingham Forest |
Oldham Athletic 1–2 Blackpool
| Nottingham Forest 2–5 Yeovil Town (a.e.t.)|
Blackpool 3–1 Oldham Athletic
|Blackpool 2–0 Yeovil Town|
|2007–08|| Southend United 0–0 Doncaster Rovers |
Leeds United 1–2 Carlisle United
| Doncaster Rovers 5–1 Southend United |
Carlisle United 0–2 Leeds United
|Leeds United 0–1 Doncaster Rovers|
|2008–09|| Scunthorpe United 1–1 Milton Keynes Dons |
Millwall 1–0 Leeds United
| Milton Keynes Dons 0–0 Scunthorpe United |
(Scunthorpe won 7–6 on penalties, a.e.t.)
Leeds United 1–1 Millwall
|Scunthorpe United 3–2 Millwall|
|2009–10|| Swindon Town 2–1 Charlton Athletic |
Huddersfield Town 0–0 Millwall
| Charlton Athletic 2–1 Swindon Town |
(Swindon won 5–4 on penalties, a.e.t.)
Millwall 2–0 Huddersfield Town
|Millwall 1–0 Swindon Town|
|2010–11|| Bournemouth 1–1 Huddersfield Town |
Milton Keynes Dons 3–2 Peterborough United
| Huddersfield Town 3–3 Bournemouth |
(Huddersfield won 4–2 on penalties, a.e.t.)
Peterborough United 2–0 Milton Keynes Dons
|Huddersfield Town 0–3 Peterborough United|
|2011–12|| Stevenage 0–0 Sheffield United |
Milton Keynes Dons 0–2 Huddersfield Town
| Sheffield United 1–0 Stevenage |
Huddersfield Town 1–2 Milton Keynes Dons
| Huddersfield Town 0–0 Sheffield United |
(Huddersfield won 8–7 on penalties, a.e.t.)
|2012–13|| Sheffield United 1–0 Yeovil Town |
Swindon Town 1–1 Brentford
| Yeovil Town 2–0 Sheffield United |
Brentford 3–3 Swindon Town
(Brentford won 5–4 on penalties, a.e.t.)
|Brentford 1–2 Yeovil Town|
|2013–14|| Peterborough United 1–1 Leyton Orient |
Preston North End 1–1 Rotherham United
| Leyton Orient 2–1 Peterborough United |
Rotherham United 3–1 Preston North End
| Leyton Orient 2–2 Rotherham United |
(Rotherham won 4–3 on penalties, a.e.t.)
|2014–15|| Chesterfield 0–1 Preston North End |
Sheffield United 1–2 Swindon Town
| Preston North End 3–0 Chesterfield |
Swindon Town 5–5 Sheffield United
|Preston North End 4–0 Swindon Town|
|2015–16|| Barnsley 3–0 Walsall |
Bradford City 1–3 Millwall
| Walsall 1–3 Barnsley |
Millwall 1–1 Bradford City
|Barnsley 3–1 Millwall|
|2016–17||Millwall 0–0 Scunthorpe United||Scunthorpe United 2–3 Millwall||Bradford City 0–1 Millwall|
|2017–18||Charlton Athletic 0–1 Shrewsbury Town||Shrewsbury Town 1–0 Charlton Athletic||Rotherham United 2–1 Shrewsbury Town (a.e.t.)|
|2018–19||Doncaster Rovers 1–2 Charlton Athletic||Charlton Athletic 2–3 Doncaster Rovers (Charlton Athletic won 4–3 on penalties, a.e.t.)||Charlton Athletic 2–1 Sunderland|
|2019–20||Portsmouth 1–1||Oxford United 1–1 Portsmouth (Oxford United won 5–4 on penalties, a.e.t.)||Oxford United 1–2 Wycombe Wanderers|
|2020–21||Oxford United 0–3 Blackpool||Blackpool 3-3 Oxford United||Blackpool 2-1 Lincoln City|
|2004–05||Torquay United (51), Wrexham (43), Peterborough United (39), Stockport County (26)|
|2005–06||Hartlepool United (50), Milton Keynes Dons (50), Swindon Town (48), Walsall (47)|
|2006–07||Chesterfield (47), Bradford City (47), Rotherham United (38), Brentford (37)|
|2007–08||Bournemouth (48), Gillingham (46), Port Vale (38), Luton Town (33)|
|2008–09||Northampton Town (49), Crewe Alexandra (46), Cheltenham Town (39), Hereford United (34)|
|2009–10||Gillingham (50), Wycombe Wanderers (45), Southend United (43), Stockport County (25)|
|2010–11||Dagenham & Redbridge (47), Bristol Rovers (45), Plymouth Argyle (42), Swindon Town (41)|
|2011–12||Wycombe Wanderers (43), Chesterfield (42), Exeter City (42), Rochdale (38)|
|2012–13||Scunthorpe United (48), Bury (41), Hartlepool United (41), Portsmouth (32)|
|2013–14||Stevenage (47), Shrewsbury Town (45), Carlisle United (42), Tranmere Rovers (42)|
|2014–15||Notts County (50), Crawley Town (50), Leyton Orient (49), Yeovil Town (40)|
|2015–16||Doncaster Rovers (46), Blackpool (46), Colchester United (40), Crewe Alexandra (34)|
|2016–17||Port Vale (49), Swindon Town (44), Coventry City (39), Chesterfield (37)|
|2017–18||Oldham Athletic (50), Northampton Town (47), Milton Keynes Dons (45), Bury (36)|
|2018–19||Plymouth Argyle (50), Walsall (47), Scunthorpe United (46), Bradford City (41)|
|2019–20||Tranmere Rovers (0.94), Southend United (0.54), Bolton Wanderers (0.41), Bury [a]|
|2020–21||Rochdale (47), Northampton Town (45), Swindon Town (43), Bristol Rovers (38)|
a Expelled in August 2019 after financial breaches.
|2004–05||Stuart Elliott||Hull City||27|
|Dean Windass||Bradford City|
|2005–06||Freddy Eastwood||Southend United||23|
|Billy Sharp||Scunthorpe United|
|2006–07||Billy Sharp||Scunthorpe United||30|
|2007–08||Jason Scotland||Swansea City||24|
|2008–09||Simon Cox||Swindon Town||29|
|Rickie Lambert||Bristol Rovers|
|2010–11||Craig Mackail-Smith||Peterborough United||27|
|2011–12||Jordan Rhodes||Huddersfield Town||36|
|2012–13||Paddy Madden||Yeovil Town||24|
|2013–14||Sam Baldock||Bristol City||24|
|2014–15||Joe Garner||Preston North End||26|
|2015–16||Will Grigg||Wigan Athletic||25|
|2016–17||Billy Sharp||Sheffield United||30|
|2017–18||Jack Marriott||Peterborough United||27|
|2018–19||James Collins||Luton Town||25|
|2019–20||Ivan Toney||Peterborough United||24 [b]|
|2020-21||Jonson Clarke-Harris||Peterborough United||31|
b In 35 games. Season truncated due to coronavirus
Starting from the 2012–13 season, a Financial Fair Play arrangement has been in place in all three divisions of the Football League, the intention being eventually to produce a league of financially self-sustaining clubs. In League One, this takes the form of a Salary Cost Management Protocol in which a maximum of 60% of a club's turnover may be spent on players' wages, with sanctions being applied in the form of transfer embargoes.
The 2004–05 Football League was the 106th completed season of The Football League.
The 1999–2000 FA Cup was the 119th staging of the FA Cup. Both the semi-finals and final of the competition were played at Wembley Stadium for the last time before reconstruction work began. The competition culminated with the final between Chelsea and Aston Villa. The game was won by a goal from Chelsea's Roberto Di Matteo, giving them a 1–0 victory.
The 1972–73 season was the 74th completed season of The Football League.
The 1979–80 season was the 81st completed season of The Football League.
The 1986–87 season was the 88th completed season of The Football League.
The 2012–13 Football League Cup was the 53rd season of the Football League Cup, a knock-out competition for the top 92 football clubs played in English football league system. Liverpool were the defending champions, having beaten Cardiff City in the 2012 final. They were knocked out in the fourth round by Swansea City.
The 2013–14 Football League Championship was the tenth season of the Football League Championship under its current title, the twenty-first season under its current league division format and marked the 125th anniversary of the Football League's inaugural season. The season started on 3 August 2013 and finished on 3 May 2014, with all matches on the final day kicking off simultaneously.
The 2016–17 EFL League One was the 13th season of the Football League One under its current title and the 24th season under its current league division format. The fixtures were announced on 22 June 2016.
The 2017–18 EFL Cup was the 58th season of the EFL Cup. The competition was open to all 92 clubs participating in the Premier League and the English Football League. It was known as the Carabao Cup due to the start of a sponsorship deal with Carabao Energy Drinks after the tournament was unsponsored the previous year. The final took place at Wembley Stadium in London.
The 2019-20 season was the fourth in League One, the third tier of the English football league system, for AFC Wimbledon since their promotion in 2016 from League Two. Along with competing in League One, the Kingston upon Thames-based club participated in three cup competitions, the FA Cup, EFL Cup and EFL Trophy, failing to progress past the first stage of any of them.
The 2019–20 Sunderland A.F.C. season was the club's 141st season in existence, and their second consecutive season in the third tier of English football, after relegation from the Championship in the 2017–18 season. Along with competing in League One, the club participated in the FA Cup and EFL Cup as well as the EFL Trophy. The season covers the period from 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020. On 3 April, the English Football League decided to postpone all football until safe to do so due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and on 9 June, clubs voted to curtail the season, meaning the final table would be calculated by a points-per-game method with the play-offs being played behind closed doors.
The 2019–20 EFL Cup was the 60th season of the EFL Cup. Also known as the Carabao Cup for sponsorship reasons, the competition was open to all clubs participating in the Premier League and the English Football League.
The 2019–20 EFL Trophy, known as the Leasing.com Trophy for sponsorship reasons, was the 36th season in the history of the competition, a knock-out tournament for English football clubs in League One and League Two of the English football system, and also including 16 Premier League and Championship "Academy teams" with Category One status. Due to their financial crisis, Bury were expelled from the EFL and automatically eliminated from the competition as well.
The 2020–21 EFL League One was the 17th season of Football League One under its current title and the 29th season under its current league division format.
The 2020–21 Doncaster Rovers F.C. season is the club's 142nd season in their history and the fourth consecutive season in EFL League One, Along with League One, the club also participated in the FA Cup, EFL Cup and EFL Trophy.
The 2020–21 season is Wigan Athletic Football Club's 89th season in existence and their first back in League One since 2017–18. In addition to the domestic league, Wigan Athletic will participate in this season's editions of the FA Cup, EFL Cup, and EFL Trophy.
The 2020–21 Charlton Athletic season is the club's 115th season in their existence, after having been founded in 1905, and their first back in League One following relegation from the Championship. Along with competing in League One, the club will also participate in the FA Cup, EFL Cup and the EFL Trophy. The season covers the period from 1 August 2020 to 30 June 2021.
The 2020–21 EFL Trophy, known as the Leasing.com Trophy before 28 October 2020 and later the Papa John’s Trophy for sponsorship reasons, was the 37th season in the history of the competition, a knock-out tournament for English football clubs in League One and League Two of the English football system, and also including 16 Premier League and Championship "Academy teams" with Category One status.
The 2021–22 EFL League One is the 18th season of the Football League One under its current title and the 30th season under its current league division format.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Football League One .|