EFL Trophy

Last updated

EFL Trophy
Papa John's EFL Trophy.png
Current logo
Organising body English Football League
Founded1984;38 years ago (1984), as the Associate Members' Cup
RegionEngland
Wales
Number of teams64
Current champions Rotherham United (2nd title)
Most successful club(s) Bristol City (3 titles)
Soccerball current event.svg 2022–23 EFL Trophy

The English Football League Trophy, for sponsorship known as the Papa Johns Trophy, is an annual English association football knockout competition open to the 48 clubs in EFL League One and EFL League Two, the third and fourth tiers of the English football league system and, since the 2016–17 season, 16 under-21 sides from Premier League and EFL Championship clubs. [1] It is the third most prestigious knockout competition in English football after the FA Cup and EFL/League Cup.

Contents

It began in the 1983–84 season as the Associate Members' Cup, but in 1992, after the lower-division clubs became full members of the Football League, it was renamed the Football League Trophy. It was renamed again in 2016, as the EFL Trophy. [1] There had been an earlier competition called the Football League Trophy for one season in 1982-83, but this is not considered to be the same competition.

The first draws are made in August, then the competition runs as 16 regional groups, each containing four teams. The top two from each group qualify for the knockout stages before the two winners meet in late March or early April in the final at England's national stadium, Wembley. The basic north/south format of the competition has existed since its beginnings, with some Midlands and East Anglian clubs fluctuating between the north and south draws each season. Other details have varied over the years, including in some years inviting clubs from the semi-professional Conference Premier, and holding a round-robin group stage prior to moving into knockout rounds.

The current (2021–22) champions are Rotherham United, who beat Sutton United 4–2 in the 2022 final after extra time. [2] The most successful club is Bristol City, who have lifted the trophy three times, in 1986, 2003 and 2015, and were finalists in 1987 and 2000.

History

The competition was inaugurated as the Associate Members' Cup in the 1983–84 season. It was similar to but considered distinct from the Football League Trophy, previously known as the Football League Group Cup, which had taken place for the final time in the 1982-83 season. [3] [4] The Associate Members' Cup was itself renamed the Football League Trophy in 1992. This was in the same year of the reorganisation that followed after Division One broke away to form the Premier League and the Football League became responsible for just the lower three professional divisions. [5]

The competition was renamed again in 2016, becoming the EFL Trophy, coinciding with the Football League rebranding to the English Football League. [6] The first season under the new name saw sixteen Category One academies, of Premier League and Championship clubs, join the competition, a move which has been criticised for attempting to insert Premier League 'B', or academy U21 teams into the English football pyramid. [7]

Format

Current format

64 teams enter form Round One, including all 48 teams from League One and League Two, along with 16 category 1 Premier League and EFL Championship academy/under-21 sides. The competition now features 16 regional groups of four teams (with eight groups in each of Northern and Southern sections), with the top two from each group progressing to the knockout stages, the first two rounds of which remain regionalised before an open draw from the quarter-finals onwards. [8]

During the group phase, if the scores are level at the end of the match, then penalties are taken immediately without recourse to extra time. The winning team is awarded 2 points and the losing team 1 point. [8]

Similarly in the knock-out phase, except the final, if the scores are level at the end of the match the winner is decided by penalties. In the final, if the scores are equal after 90 minutes an extra 30 minutes are played and if still equal the winner is then decided by penalties. [8]

Previous formats

In the first year of the tournament, the 48 eligible Third and Fourth Division clubs were split into North and South sections of 24 teams each. The first round had 12 knockout ties in each section, and the second had six. In each section the two second-round losers with the 'narrowest' defeats were reprieved, and joined the six other clubs in the regional quarter-finals. [9]

A major change was introduced for the 1985–86 tournament, with 8 three-team groups being set up in each of the two sections. Teams played one home and one away game and the group winners proceeded to the regional knockout stages. [10] This format was tweaked the following season, with two teams qualifying from each group, resulting in an additional 'round of 16' knockout stage in each section. [11]

For a number of seasons in the early to mid-1990s, the competition ran with only seven three-team groups, two teams in each section receiving a bye into the knockout stages. [12] This was owing to League reorganisation and the demise of Aldershot and Maidstone United, which resulted in there being fewer than 48 teams in the 3rd and 4th levels.

The group phase was abolished for the 1996–97 tournament; instead, 8 teams in each section received a bye to the second round, where they were joined by the 8 winners of the first-round ties.

For the 2000–01 competition, eight Football Conference sides also played in the tournament, resulting in 12 ties in each of the north/south sections in the first round, with only four teams in each section gaining a bye into the second round. The number of Conference entrants was increased to 12 starting in 2002–03, resulting in 14 first-round ties, and two teams in each regional section gaining a bye into the second round.

Conference teams no longer participated from the 2006–07 tournament onward, and the format reverted to 8 first-round teams in each section, with 8 sides gaining byes to the second round. [13]

Participants

The competition has always been contested by all teams at Levels Three and Four of the English football league system.[ citation needed ] Since the 2016–17 season, sixteen Category One academies have taken part in the competition. [1]

Between 2000–01 and 2005–06 the competition was also open to a certain number of Football Conference sides. These are listed by season below: [14]

Since the addition of the Category One academies in 2016–17, the following sides have competed in the competition:

Finals

Venue

The final of the EFL Trophy is held at the 90,000-seat Wembley Stadium in London, the English national football stadium. The first final in 1984 was due to be played at the then Wembley Stadium, but owing to damage caused to the pitch during the Horse of the Year Show, [15] it was moved to Boothferry Park in Hull. From 2001 to 2007, during the rebuilding of the former Wembley, the Football League Trophy finals were played at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff.[ citation needed ]

Winners

Source: napit.co.uk [20] (Only until 2010)

Records

Attendances

The overall record attendance for the final is 85,021, set at the new Wembley Stadium in 2019 by Portsmouth and Sunderland. The record attendance for the final at the old Wembley Stadium was 80,841, set in the 1988 final between Wolverhampton Wanderers and Burnley. [21] The record attendance for the final at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff was 59,024, set in the 2007 final between Bristol Rovers and Doncaster Rovers. [22] The 2020 and 2021 finals were played with no fans present, but clubs raised money for charity by selling supporters virtual tickets. [23]

EFL trophy final attendance records
StadiumAttendance recordYearWinnerFinalistResult
Wembley Stadium (new) 85,021 2019 Portsmouth Sunderland 2–2 (5–4 pen.)
Millennium Stadium 59,024 2007 Doncaster Rovers Bristol Rovers 3–2 (a.e.t.)
Wembley Stadium (old) 80,841 1988 Wolverhampton Wanderers Burnley 2–0

The highest attendance for any game apart from the final came on 5 February 2013 for the Northern Area final, when Coventry City lost to Crewe Alexandra 3–0 at the Ricoh Arena in Coventry (they later won the away leg 2–0, going down 3–2 on aggregate), in front of a crowd of 31,054. [24]

The lowest attendance in the history of the competition came during the 2018–19 season when just 202 attended a Middlesbrough academy team's 1–0 victory against Burton Albion in November 2018 at Burton's Pirelli Stadium. [25] The low attendance can be attributed to a widespread boycott of the tournament by fans of the third and fourth tier clubs as a result of the competition format changes implemented in 2016–17. 'Category A' Academy teams, also known to fans as 'B teams', from the top level clubs in the Premier League and Championship were introduced to the competition, a change proven unpopular among football fans of the lower tier clubs. [26]

Sponsors

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Premier League trial for the Trophy". English Football League. 10 June 2016.
  2. Peddy, Chris (3 April 2022). "Papa John's Trophy final: Rotherham twice come from behind to beat Sutton in extra time at Wembley". www.bbc.com/sport. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  3. Bateson, Bill; Sewell, Albert, eds. (1992). News of the World Football Annual 199293. London: Invincible Press. p. 211. ISBN   9780855431884.
  4. Ross, James M. (20 December 2007). "Football League Group Cup/Trophy 1982-83". RSSSF . Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  5. "English Autoglass Trophy 1991–1992 : Results". statto.com. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  6. "FOOTBALL LEAGUE TO BE RE-NAMED THE ENGLISH FOOTBALL LEAGUE". EFL. 12 November 2015.
  7. "Premier League academy teams to be added to EFL Trophy". BBC Sport. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  8. 1 2 3 "Papa John's Trophy Regulations" (PDF). English Football League. Archived from the original on 25 January 2022. Retrieved 25 January 2022.
  9. "1983–84 Southern 2nd Rnd results, with links to other stages – statto.com" . Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  10. 1985–86 Northern 1st Rnd Group 1 results and table, with links to other groups/stages – statto.com Archived 24 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  11. "1986–87 Southern 1st Rnd results, with links to other stages – statto.com" . Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  12. "1993–94 Northern 1st Rnd Group 1 results and table, with links to other groups/stages – statto.com" . Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  13. "2002–03 Northern 1st rnd results, with links to other stages, and other seasons – statto.com" . Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  14. 2004–05 Southern 1st Rnd results, and links to other rounds/seasons – statto.com Archived 6 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  15. Harry Redknapp comments on BBC Radio Solent
  16. Cartwright, Phil (3 April 2016). "Barnsley 3–2 Oxford United". BBC Sport. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
  17. Scott, Ged (2 April 2017). "Coventry hold on to beat Oxford in EFL Trophy final". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  18. "Lincoln City lift Checkatrade Trophy after narrow win over Shrewsbury". Guardian. 8 April 2018. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
  19. Williams, Adam (31 March 2019). "Checkatrade Trophy final: Portsmouth 2-2 Sunderland (aet, 5-4 on pens)". BBC Sport . Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  20. "Previous Winners Of The Johnstone's Paint Trophy". Previous Winners Of Major Domestic Football Cup Competitions. napit.co.uk. Archived from the original on 6 December 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
  21. "Wolves - A trip down Wembley lane". Express & Star. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  22. Hughes, Ian (1 April 2007). "Bristol Rovers 2-3 Doncaster AET". BBC Sport . Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  23. "Finalists' fundraisers a huge success". www.efl.com. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  24. "Coventry 0–3 Crewe". BBC Sport. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  25. "2018/19 EFL Trophy, Group Stage: Burton Albion vs Middlesbrough U21". ESPN. 8 November 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  26. Weatherspoon, Chris (29 March 2019). "Why Portsmouth vs Sunderland is the worst possible EFL Trophy final". www.fourfourtwo.com. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  27. "EFL Trophy: Checkatrade check in as trophy title sponsor". English Football League. 28 August 2016.
  28. EFL: "All you need to know ahead of the Papa Johns Trophy Final"
  29. "Papa John's becomes Title Sponsor of the EFL Trophy". English Football League. 28 October 2020.
  1. Since Leasing.com no longer sponsored the competition in 2021, and the 2020 final was delayed by an entire year, the 2019–20 final was actually branded as the 2020 Papa John's Trophy Final
  2. Originally branded as Papa John's Trophy [29] before dropping the apostrophe during the 2021–22 season.