EFL League Two

Last updated

EFL League Two
EFL League Two Logo.png
Founded2004
1992–2004 (as Division Three)
1958–1992 (as Division Four)
CountryEngland (23 teams)
Other club(s) fromWales (1 team)
Number of teams24
Level on pyramid4
Promotion to League One
Relegation to National League
Domestic cup(s) FA Cup
League cup(s) EFL Cup
EFL Trophy
International cup(s) UEFA Europa League (via FA Cup)
UEFA Europa Conference League (via EFL Cup)
Current champions Cheltenham Town
(2020–21)
Most championships Chesterfield
Swindon Town
(2 titles each)
TV partners List of Broadcasters
Website League Two
Current: 2020–21 EFL League Two

The English Football League Two (often referred to as League Two for short or Sky Bet League Two for sponsorship reasons) is the third and lowest division of the English Football League (EFL) and fourth-highest division overall in the English football league system.

Contents

Football League Two was introduced for the 2004–05 season. It was previously known as the Football League Third Division. [1] Before the advent of the Premier League in 1992, the fourth-highest division was known as the Football League Fourth Division.

As of the 2021–22 season, Exeter City hold the longest tenure in League Two, having last being outside the division in the 2011–12 season when they were relegated from League One. There are currently three former Premier League clubs competing in League Two: Bradford City, Oldham Athletic, and Swindon Town.

Structure

There are 24 clubs in League Two. Each club plays each of the other clubs twice (once at home, once away) and is awarded three points for a win, one for a draw and no points for a loss. From these points a league table is constructed.

At the end of each season the top three teams, together with the winner of the play-offs between the teams which finished in the fourth to seventh positions, are promoted to EFL League One and are replaced by the four teams that finished at the bottom of that division.

Similarly, the two teams that finished at the bottom of League Two are relegated to the National League and are replaced by the team that finished first and the team that won the second through seventh place play-off in that division. Technically a team can be reprieved from relegation if the team replacing them does not have a ground suitable for League football, but in practice this is a non-factor because every team currently in the National League has a ground that meets the League criteria (and even if they did not, a ground-sharing arrangement with another team could be made until their stadium was upgraded). The other way that a team can be spared relegation is if another team either resigns or is expelled from the EFL.

Final league position is determined, in order, by points obtained, goal difference, goals scored, a mini-league of the results between two or more teams ranked using the previous three criteria, and finally a series of one or more play-off matches.

There is a mandatory wage cap in this division that limits spending on players' wages to 100% of club turnover.

Current members

Greater Manchester UK location map 2.svg
Greater Manchester League Two football clubs


The following 24 clubs are competing in League Two during the 2020–21 season. [2]

ClubFinishing position last season LocationStadiumCapacity
Barrow Barrow-in-Furness Holker Street 5,045
Bolton Wanderers Horwich University of Bolton Stadium 28,723
Bradford City Bradford Valley Parade 25,136
Cambridge United Cambridge Abbey Stadium 8,127
Carlisle United Carlisle Brunton Park 18,202
Cheltenham Town Cheltenham Whaddon Road 7,066
Colchester United Colchester Colchester Community Stadium 10,105
Crawley Town Crawley Broadfield Stadium 6,134
Exeter City Exeter St. James Park 8,696
Forest Green Rovers Nailsworth The New Lawn 5,147
Grimsby Town Cleethorpes Blundell Park 9,052
Harrogate Town Harrogate Wetherby Road [lower-alpha 1] 5,000
Leyton Orient London (Leyton) Brisbane Road 9,271
Mansfield Town Mansfield Field Mill 10,000
Morecambe Morecambe Globe Arena 6,476
Newport County Newport Rodney Parade 7,850
Oldham Athletic Oldham Boundary Park 13,512
Port Vale Burslem Vale Park 19,052
Salford City Salford Moor Lane 5,108
Scunthorpe United Scunthorpe Glanford Park 9,088
Southend United Southend-on-Sea Roots Hall 12,392
Stevenage Stevenage Broadhall Way 6,722
Tranmere Rovers Birkenhead Prenton Park 16,789
Walsall Walsall Bescot Stadium 11,300
  1. Harrogate Town will begin the season at the Keepmoat Stadium in Doncaster. [lower-alpha 3]
  2. Stevenage originally finished 24th in the 2019–20 EFL League Two table, but after numerous points deductions handed to Macclesfield Town, Macclesfield slipped to 24th and Stevenage were granted a reprieve from relegation. [3]
  3. "Harrogate Town: Doncaster Rovers groundshare for EFL newcomers". BBC Sport. 4 August 2020. Retrieved 4 August 2020.

Teams promoted from League Two

SeasonWinnerPointsRunner-upPointsThird placePointsPromoted via play-offLeague positionPoints
2004–05 Yeovil Town 83 Scunthorpe United 80 Swansea City 80 Southend United 4th78
2005–06 Carlisle United 86 Northampton Town 83 Leyton Orient 81 Cheltenham Town 5th72
2006–07 Walsall 89 Hartlepool United 88 Swindon Town 85 Bristol Rovers 6th72
2007–08 Milton Keynes Dons 97 Peterborough United 92 Hereford United 88 Stockport County 4th82
2008–09 Brentford 85 Exeter City 79 Wycombe Wanderers 78 Gillingham 5th75
2009–10 Notts County 93 Bournemouth 83 Rochdale 82 Dagenham & Redbridge 7th72
2010–11 Chesterfield 86 Bury 81 Wycombe Wanderers 81 Stevenage 6th69
2011–12 Swindon Town 93 Shrewsbury Town 88 Crawley Town 84 Crewe Alexandra 7th72
2012–13 Gillingham 83 Rotherham United 79 Port Vale 78 Bradford City 7th69
2013–14 Chesterfield (2nd titles)84 Scunthorpe United 81 Rochdale 81 Fleetwood Town 4th76
2014–15 Burton Albion 94 Shrewsbury Town 89 Bury 85 Southend United 5th84
2015–16 Northampton Town 99 Oxford United 86 Bristol Rovers 85 AFC Wimbledon 7th75
2016–17 Portsmouth 87 Plymouth Argyle 87 Doncaster Rovers 85 Blackpool 7th70
2017–18 Accrington Stanley 93 Luton Town 88 Wycombe Wanderers 84 Coventry City 6th75
2018–19 Lincoln City 85 Bury 79 Milton Keynes Dons 79 Tranmere Rovers 6th73
2019–20 [4] Swindon Town (2nd titles)88.32 Crewe Alexandra 85.56 Plymouth Argyle 84.64 Northampton Town 7th72.22
2020–21 Cheltenham Town 82 Cambridge United 80 Bolton Wanderers 79 Morecambe FC 4th78

Play-off results

SeasonSemi-final (1st leg)Semi-final (2nd leg)Final
2004–05 Lincoln City 1–0 Macclesfield Town

Northampton Town 0–0 Southend United

Macclesfield Town 1–1 Lincoln City

Southend United 1–0 Northampton Town

Lincoln City 0–2 Southend United
2005–06 Lincoln City 0–1 Grimsby Town

Wycombe Wanderers 1–2 Cheltenham Town

Grimsby Town 2–1 Lincoln City

Cheltenham Town 0–0 Wycombe Wanderers

Grimsby Town 0–1 Cheltenham Town
2006–07 Bristol Rovers 2–1 Lincoln City

Shrewsbury Town 0–0 Milton Keynes Dons

Lincoln City 3–5 Bristol Rovers

Milton Keynes Dons 1–2 Shrewsbury Town

Bristol Rovers 3–1 Shrewsbury Town
2007–08 Darlington 2–1 Rochdale
Wycombe Wanderers 1–1 Stockport County
Rochdale 2–1 Darlington
(Rochdale won 5–4 on penalties, a.e.t.)
Stockport County 1–0 Wycombe Wanderers
Rochdale 2–3 Stockport County
2008–09 Shrewsbury Town 0–1 Bury
Rochdale 0–0 Gillingham
Bury 0–1 Shrewsbury Town
(Shrewsbury won 4–3 on penalties, a.e.t.)
Gillingham 2–1 Rochdale
Gillingham 1–0 Shrewsbury Town
2009–10 Dagenham & Redbridge 6–0 Morecambe
Aldershot Town 0–1 Rotherham United
Morecambe 2–1 Dagenham & Redbridge
Rotherham United 2–0 Aldershot Town
Dagenham & Redbridge 3–2 Rotherham United
2010–11 Torquay United 2–0 Shrewsbury Town
Stevenage 2–0 Accrington Stanley
Shrewsbury Town 0–0 Torquay United
Accrington Stanley 0–1 Stevenage
Stevenage 1–0 Torquay United
2011–12 Crewe Alexandra 1–0 Southend United
Cheltenham Town 2–0 Torquay United
Southend United 2–2 Crewe Alexandra
Torquay United 1–2 Cheltenham Town
Cheltenham Town 0–2 Crewe Alexandra
2012–13 Bradford City 2–3 Burton Albion
Northampton Town 1–0 Cheltenham Town
Burton Albion 1–3 Bradford City
Cheltenham Town 0–1 Northampton Town
Bradford City 3–0 Northampton Town
2013–14 Burton Albion 1–0 Southend United
York City 0–1 Fleetwood Town
Southend United 2–2 Burton Albion
Fleetwood Town 0–0 York City
Burton Albion 0–1 Fleetwood Town
2014–15 Stevenage 1–1 Southend United
Plymouth Argyle 2–3 Wycombe Wanderers
Southend United 3–1 Stevenage
(a.e.t.)
Wycombe Wanderers 2–1 Plymouth Argyle
Southend United 1–1 Wycombe Wanderers
(Southend won 7–6 on penalties, a.e.t. )
2015–16 Portsmouth 2–2 Plymouth Argyle
AFC Wimbledon 1–0 Accrington Stanley
Plymouth Argyle 1–0 Portsmouth
Accrington Stanley 2–2 AFC Wimbledon
(a.e.t.)
AFC Wimbledon 2–0 Plymouth Argyle
2016–17 Blackpool 3–2 Luton Town
Carlisle United 3–3 Exeter City
Luton Town 3–3 Blackpool
Exeter City 3–2 Carlisle United
Blackpool 2–1 Exeter City
2017–18 Lincoln City 0–0 Exeter City
Coventry City 1–1 Notts County
Exeter City 3–1 Lincoln City
Notts County 1–4 Coventry City
Coventry City 3–1 Exeter City
2018–19 Newport County 1–1 Mansfield Town
Tranmere Rovers 1–0 Forest Green Rovers
Mansfield Town 0–0 Newport County
(Newport won 5–3 on penalties, a.e.t.)
Forest Green Rovers 1–1 Tranmere Rovers
Newport County 0–1 Tranmere Rovers
(a.e.t.)
2019–20 Colchester United 1–0 Exeter City
Northampton Town 0–2 Cheltenham Town
Exeter City 3–1 Colchester United
Cheltenham Town 0–3 Northampton Town
Exeter City 0–4 Northampton Town
2020–21 Newport County 2–0 Forest Green Rovers

Tranmere Rovers 1-2 Morecambe

Forest Green Rovers 4–3 Newport County (a.e.t.)

Morecambe 1–1 Tranmere Rovers

Morecambe 1–0 Newport County

Relegated teams

SeasonClubs
2004–05 Kidderminster Harriers, Cambridge United
2005–06 Oxford United, Rushden & Diamonds
2006–07 Boston United, Torquay United
2007–08 Mansfield Town, Wrexham
2008–09 Chester City, Luton Town [5]
2009–10 Darlington, Grimsby Town
2010–11 Lincoln City, Stockport County
2011–12 Macclesfield Town, Hereford United
2012–13 Aldershot Town, Barnet
2013–14 Bristol Rovers, Torquay United
2014–15 Cheltenham Town, Tranmere Rovers
2015–16 York City, Dagenham & Redbridge
2016–17 Hartlepool United, Leyton Orient
2017–18 Barnet, Chesterfield
2018–19 Notts County, Yeovil Town
2019–20 Macclesfield Town
2020–21 Southend United, Grimsby Town

See also

References and notes

  1. "The Football League - About Us - History - Timeline - TIMELINE". Archived from the original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2011.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  2. "Sky Bet League Two Clubs".
  3. "Macclesfield Town relegated after EFL wins points appeal, Stevenage reprieved". BBC Sport. 11 August 2020. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  4. The teams listed for this season were ranked using points per game following the curtailment of the season due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom.
  5. Luton were deducted 30 points for financial irregularities

Related Research Articles

Richie Wellens English professional football manager and former player

Richard Paul Wellens is an English professional football manager and former player who played as a midfielder. He is currently the manager of EFL League One club Doncaster Rovers.

The 2016–17 EFL Trophy, known as the Checkatrade Trophy for sponsorship reasons, was the 33rd season in the history of the competition and the first since being rebranded from Football League Trophy. It was played as a knock-out tournament for English football clubs in League One and League Two of the English football system and for the first time was expanded to include 16 Premier League and Championship "B Teams" with Category One status as part of a trial.

The 2018–19 National League season, known as the Vanarama National League for sponsorship reasons, was the fourth season under English football's new title of National League, fifteenth season consisting of three divisions and the fortieth season overall.

The 2018–19 EFL League Two was the 15th season of Football League Two under its current title and the 26th season under its current league division format.

The 2018–19 EFL Trophy, known as the Checkatrade Trophy for sponsorship reasons, was the 36th season in the history of the competition, a knock-out tournament for English football clubs in League One and League Two of the English football system, and also including 16 Premier League and Championship "Academy teams" with Category One status.

The 2019–20 EFL League Two was the 16th season of Football League Two under its current title and the 28th season under its current league division format. On 13 March 2020, the EFL, alongside the FA announced the suspension of all domestic football until 3 April due to the rapidly developing COVID-19 pandemic. On 3 April 2020, this suspension was extended indefinitely.

The 2019–20 season was Scunthorpe United's 121st season in their existence and their first season back in League Two following relegation the previous season. Along with competing in League Two, the club also participated in the FA Cup, EFL Cup and EFL Trophy. The season covered the period from 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom the season was stopped.

The 2019–20 season was Morecambe's 96th season since formation and their 13th consecutive season in League Two, the fourth tier of English football. They finished 22nd in League Two, and also competed in the FA Cup, EFL Cup and EFL Trophy, where they were eliminated in the first round, second round and group stage respectively.

The 2019–20 season was Oldham Athletic's 125th season in their history and second consecutive season in the English football's fourth tier. Along with competing in League Two, the club also participated in the FA Cup, EFL Cup, and EFL Trophy.

The 2019–20 season was Stevenage's sixth consecutive season in League Two and their 44th year in existence. Along with competing in League Two, the club participated in the FA Cup, EFL Cup and EFL Trophy.

The 2019–20 season was the 123rd season in the history of Mansfield Town and their seventh consecutive season in the League Two. Along with League Two, the club also participated in the FA Cup, EFL Cup, and EFL Trophy.

The 2019–20 season was the 121st season of the English Football League (EFL) and the fourth season under that name after it was renamed from The Football League in 2016. For the seventh season running, the league was sponsored by Sky Betting & Gaming and was therefore known as the Sky Bet EFL.

The 2019–20 season was Macclesfield Town's second consecutive season in League Two after gaining promotion two seasons previously.

The 2019–20 EFL Trophy, known as the Leasing.com Trophy for sponsorship reasons, was the 36th season in the history of the competition, a knock-out tournament for English football clubs in League One and League Two of the English football system, and also including 16 Premier League and Championship "Academy teams" with Category One status. Due to their financial crisis, Bury were expelled from the EFL and automatically eliminated from the competition as well.

The 2020–21 season is Scunthorpe United's 122nd season in their history and the second consecutive season in EFL League Two, Along with League Two, the club will also participate in the FA Cup, EFL Cup and EFL Trophy.

The 2020–21 EFL League Two was the 17th season of Football League Two under its current title and the 29th season under its current league division format.

The 2020–21 FA Cup was the 140th edition of the oldest football tournament in the world, the Football Association Challenge Cup. It was sponsored by Emirates and known as the Emirates FA Cup for sponsorship purposes. The winners qualified for the 2021–22 UEFA Europa League group stage.

The 2020–21 season was Oldham Athletic's 126th season in their history and third consecutive season in the English football's fourth tier. Along with competing in League Two, the club also participated in this season's editions of the FA Cup, EFL Cup and EFL Trophy.

The 2020–21 season is Stevenage's seventh consecutive season in League Two and their 45th year in existence. Along with competing in League Two, the club participated in the FA Cup, EFL Cup and EFL Trophy.

The 2020–21 EFL Trophy, known as the Leasing.com Trophy before 28 October 2020 and later the Papa John’s Trophy for sponsorship reasons, was the 37th season in the history of the competition, a knock-out tournament for English football clubs in League One and League Two of the English football system, and also including 16 Premier League and Championship "Academy teams" with Category One status.