Serie C

Last updated
Serie C
Serie C logo 2020.png
Organising bodyLega Italiana
Calcio Professionistico
Founded1935 [lower-alpha 1]
Country Italy
Confederation UEFA
Divisions3
Number of teams60
Level on pyramid3
Promotion to Serie B
Relegation to Serie D
Domestic cup(s) Coppa Italia
League cup(s) Supercoppa di Serie C
Coppa Italia Serie C
International cup(s) UEFA Europa League
(via winning Coppa Italia)
Current champions Como (Group A)
Perugia (Group B)
Ternana (Group C)
(2020–21)
Most championships Prato (6 titles)
TV partners Eleven Sports,
Rai Sport
Website Lega-pro.com
Current: 2020–21 Serie C

Serie C (Italian pronunciation:  [ˈsɛːrje ˈtʃi] [1] ) is the third-highest division in the Italian football league system after the Serie B and Serie A. The Lega Italiana Calcio Professionistico (Lega Pro) is the governing body that runs the Serie C. The unification of the Lega Pro Prima Divisione and the Lega Pro Seconda Divisione as Lega Pro Divisione Unica (often also abbreviated as Lega Pro) in 2014 [2] reintroduced the format of the original Serie C that existed between 1935 and 1978 (before the split into Serie C1 and Serie C2). On 25 May 2017 the Lega Pro assembly unanimously approved the return to the original name of the competition to Serie C. [3]

Contents

History

A third division above the regional leagues was first created in Italy in 1926, when fascist authorities decided to reform the major championships on a national basis, increasing the number of teams participating by promoting many regional teams from the Third Division (Terza Divisione) to the Second Division (Seconda Divisione).

A new league running this Second Division, the Direttorio Divisioni Inferiori Nord (Northern Directory of Lower Divisions) was set up in Genoa, while football activity in the southern part of the country was run by the Direttorio Divisioni Inferiori Sud which later became the Direttorio Meridionale (Southern Directory). These leagues did not last long; after another reform they were disbanded between 1930 and 1931. Some bigger clubs who owned large pitches with dimensions of 100x60 metres were promoted to the First Division (Prima Divisione); a league defined and structured as the "National Championship".

The Second Division had no relegations to regional leagues as most were reelected at the beginning of each new season. Once a critical threshold was reached the Italian federation decided to close the two leagues and move all teams to the "Direttori Regionali" (Regional Committees) so that the labour-intensive job of organisation was delegated to more efficient and organised regional staff.

The most successful teams coming from the Second Divisions in 5 years (from 1926–27 to 1930–31) composed 6 ever-growing sections of the First Division (Prima Divisione) which at the beginning had just a few teams in just one section from southern Italy.

This championship was organized by the same league governing Serie A and Serie B (the "Direttorio Divisioni Superiori"), even if, as opposed to the two higher divisions, it was structured in local groups with geographical criteria. The number of clubs belonging to the Prima Divisione continued to increase every year, until FIGC decided to rename it Serie C (at the beginning of the 1935–36 season) while a subsequent large reduction in 1948 led to the creation of a sole national division in 1952–53.

The reform that created the actual league was decided by Bruno Zauli in 1959 as he built on the incomplete work started by the former president Ottorino Barassi to make professional football fully recognised and organised. While Lega Calcio had a stated mission of organising professional and national divisions, the new Lega Nazionale Semiprofessionisti based in Florence had to regulate the two semiprofessional and subnational divisions: Serie C and Serie D, with the first one adopting a format of three groups of 20 teams each. In 1978 the semiprofessional sector was abolished; Serie D became an amateur section while Serie C was divided into two professional divisions (Serie C1 and Serie C2), and the league changed its name to Lega Professionisti Serie C. On 20 June 2008, the league was restructured and took its current name Lega Italiana Calcio Professionistico.

After the league reform of 2014, the two previous divisions of Lega Pro Prima Divisione and Lega Pro Seconda Divisione were ultimately merged into a new league; the Lega Pro Divisione Unica or more informally addressed as just Lega Pro. This is the league structure currently in operation; comprising 60 teams that are divided geographically in three groups of 20 each. At the end of each season, four teams are promoted to Serie B (three group winners, plus one coming from a promotion playoff involving the three group runners-up). Meanwhile, nine teams are relegated to Serie D: the last-placed team from each group go down directly, whereas teams between 16th and 19th from each group place play a relegation playoff (officially referred to as play-out), with the two losing teams from each group also relegated.

In May 2017, the Lega Pro assembly unanimously approved the return to the original name Serie C. [3] The 2017–18 Serie C season includes 19 teams in each of the three divisions after adjustments were made for excluded clubs. [4]

Homegrown players

To encourage the development of homegrown players, all Lega Pro clubs were capped to use no more than 16 players in their squads that were older than 23 years of age (in 2019–20 season, player born before 1 January 1997), plus two wildcard for long serving players of the clubs. The clubs could use an unlimited numbers of under-23 players. [5]

Clubs

2020–21 members

Group A (North & Central West)

8 teams from Lombardy, 6 teams from Tuscany, 4 teams from Piedmont, 1 from Emilia-Romagna and 1 team from Sardinia.

ClubCityStadiumCapacity
AlbinoLeffe Albino and Leffe Città di Gorgonzola (Gorgonzola)3,766
Alessandria Alessandria Giuseppe Moccagatta 5,926
Carrarese Carrara Dei Marmi9,500
Como Como Giuseppe Sinigaglia 13,602
Giana Erminio Gorgonzola Città di Gorgonzola3,766
Grosseto Grosseto Olimpico Carlo Zecchini 9,988
Juventus U23 Turin Giuseppe Moccagatta (Alessandria)5,926
Lecco Lecco Rigamonti-Ceppi 4,997
Livorno Livorno Armando Picchi 14,267
Lucchese Lucca Porta Elisa 12,800
Novara Novara Silvio Piola (Novara) 17,875
Olbia Olbia Bruno Nespoli4,000
Pergolettese Crema Giuseppe Voltini 4,095
Piacenza Piacenza Leonardo Garilli 21,668
Pistoiese Pistoia Marcello Melani 13,195
Pontedera Pontedera Ettore Mannucci 2,700
Pro Patria Busto Arsizio Carlo Speroni 5,000
Pro Sesto Sesto San Giovanni Breda 4,501
Pro Vercelli Vercelli Silvio Piola (Vercelli) 5,500
Renate Renate Città di Meda (Meda)2,500

Group B (North & Central East)

5 teams from Emilia-Romagna, 5 teams from Marche, 3 teams from Veneto, 2 teams from Lombardy, 2 teams from Umbria, 1 team from Friuli-Venezia Giulia, 1 team from Trentino-Alto Adige and 1 team from Tuscany.

ClubCityStadiumCapacity
Arezzo Arezzo Città di Arezzo 13,128
Carpi Carpi Sandro Cabassi 5,510
Cesena Cesena Dino Manuzzi 20,194
Fano Fano Raffaele Mancini8,880
FeralpiSalò Salò Lino Turina 2,364
Fermana Fermo Bruno Recchioni 8,920
Gubbio Gubbio Pietro Barbetti 4,939
Imolese Imola Romeo Galli4,000
Legnago Legnago Mario Sandrini2,152
Mantova Mantua Danilo Martelli 14,884
Matelica Matelica Helvia Recina (Macerata)4,315
Modena Modena Alberto Braglia 21,092
Padova Padua Euganeo 32,420
Perugia Perugia Renato Curi 23,625
Ravenna Ravenna Bruno Benelli 12,020
Sambenedettese San Benedetto del Tronto Riviera delle Palme 22,000
Südtirol Bolzano/Bozen Druso 3,000
Triestina Trieste Nereo Rocco 26,500
Virtus Verona Verona Mario Gavagnin-Sinibaldo Nocini1,500
Vis Pesaro Pesaro Tonino Benelli 4,898

Group C (Centre & South)

6 teams from Campania, 5 teams from Apulia, 3 teams from Sicily, 2 teams from Calabria, 1 from Abruzzo, 1 team from Basilicata, 1 team from Lazio and 1 from Umbria.

ClubCityStadiumCapacity
Avellino Avellino Partenio-Adriano Lombardi 26,308
Bari Bari San Nicola 58,270
Bisceglie Bisceglie Gustavo Ventura3,200
Casertana Caserta Alberto Pinto 12,000
Catania Catania Angelo Massimino 20,016
Catanzaro Catanzaro Nicola Ceravolo 14,650
Cavese Cava de' Tirreni Simonetta Lamberti 5,000
Foggia Foggia Pino Zaccheria 25,085
Juve Stabia Castellammare di Stabia Romeo Menti 7,642
Monopoli Monopoli Vito Simone Veneziani 6,880
Paganese Pagani Marcello Torre 5,093
Palermo Palermo Renzo Barbera 36,365
Potenza Potenza Alfredo Viviani 4,977
Teramo Teramo Gaetano Bonolis 7,498
Ternana Terni Libero Liberati 22,000
Trapani Trapani Polisportivo Provinciale (Erice)7,608
Turris Torre del Greco Amerigo Liguori3,566
Vibonese Vibo Valentia Luigi Razza5,000
Virtus Francavilla Francavilla Fontana Giovanni Paolo II2,137
Viterbese Viterbo Enrico Rocchi 5,460

Seasons in Serie C

This is the complete list of the clubs that took part in the 38 Serie C seasons played from the 1935–36 season until the 1977–78 season (participation in the editions of the 1945–46, 1946–47 and 1947–48 seasons, championships that due to World War II, are excluded from the list as they were divided into two completely independent leagues), the three Lega Pro seasons played from the 2014–15 season until the 2016–17 season, and from the 2017–18 season. The teams in bold compete in Serie C in the current season.

Champions

For Serie C1 and Lega Pro Prima Divisione winners, see Lega Pro Prima Divisione and for Serie C2 and Lega Pro Seconda Divisione winners, see Lega Pro Seconda Divisione between 1978–79 and 2013–14

Notes

  1. Refounded in 2014 in a single group as Lega Pro; renamed in 2017 as Serie C.

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References

  1. Luciano Canepari. "serie". DiPI Online (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  2. "Communicatio ufficiale N.47/A" (PDF) (in Italian). FIGC. 1 August 2014.
  3. 1 2 "A FIRENZE SORTEGGIO PLAY OFF E ASSEMBLEA DEI CLUB" (in Italian). Lega Pro. 25 May 2017.
  4. "Serie C, Rende ripescato: girone con 19 squadre" (in Italian). FIGC. 11 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  5. "Comunicato Ufficiale N°11/L (2016–17)" (PDF) (in Italian). Lega Pro. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.