Deutsche Eishockey Liga

Last updated

DEL
Current season, competition or edition:
Hockey current event.svg 2020–21 DEL season
PENNY DEL Logo.svg
Formerly Ice hockey Bundesliga
Sport Ice hockey
Founded1994
No. of teams14
CountryGermany
Most recent
champion(s)
Eisbären Berlin (8th title)
Most titles Eisbären Berlin (8 titles)
TV partner(s) Telekom
Sport1
Relegation to DEL2 (2020–21 onward)
Related
competitions
DEL2
Official website www.del.org

The Deutsche Eishockey Liga (for sponsorship reasons called "PENNY Deutsche Eishockey Liga") (German pronunciation: [ˌdɔʏtʃə ˈʔaɪshɔkiː ˌliːɡaː] ; English: German Ice Hockey League) or DEL, is a German professional ice hockey league. Founded in 1994, it was formed as a replacement for the Eishockey-Bundesliga and became the new top-tier league in Germany as a result. Unlike the old Bundesliga, the DEL is not under the administration of the German Ice Hockey Federation.

Contents

In the 2016–17 season, the league was the second-best supported in Europe, behind the Swiss National League A, with an average attendance of 6,198 spectators per game. [1] Kölner Haie, Düsseldorfer EG and Eisbären Berlin all regularly attract over 15,000 fans for home games. In the DEL Winter Game, similar to the NHL Winter Classic, Cologne and Düsseldorf have played in front of crowds in excess of 40,000, notably in 2019 as Düsseldorf won in the RheinEnergieStadion.

The DEL is known for having a great game-day atmosphere with a few large modern arenas and other older, smaller venues. The German top flight is also known for producing NHL talents including Dominik Kahun from Red Bull München. Many of the German national team that took silver at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang played in the DEL, while Red Bull München became the first German team to reach the Champions Hockey League final in 2019, losing to Frölunda HC. Ice hockey is growing as a sport in Germany and is seen as a popular alternative to football or handball.

A new system of promotion and relegation with the DEL2 is set to begin with the 2021–22 season, in which the last-placed DEL club will be replaced by the DEL2 champions.

History

The Eishockey-Bundesliga was formed in 1957 as the elite hockey competition in the Federal Republic of Germany, replacing the Oberliga in this position. It was in turn replaced by the Deutsche Eishockey Liga, which now also carries the name 1st Bundesliga in its logo.

Former DEL logo (1994-1996). The first two seasons were sponsored by Krombacher Brewery Deutsche Eishockey-Liga Logo 1994.png
Former DEL logo (1994–1996). The first two seasons were sponsored by Krombacher Brewery
Former DEL logo (1997-2001) Deutsche Eishockey Liga Logo 1997.svg
Former DEL logo (1997–2001)
Former DEL logo (2001-2011) Deutsche Eishockey Liga Logo 2001.svg
Former DEL logo (2001–2011)

The DEL was founded in the 1994–95 season, consisting of teams from the Eishockey-Bundesliga's 1st and 2nd divisions. The condition of these earlier leagues had become intolerable. Many 1st and 2nd division teams were heavily in debt. The 2nd division attracted few sponsors and spectators. As a result, many clubs were forced to fold or withdraw to the lower leagues. Fans and corporate sponsors focused on the 1st Bundesliga teams, forcing the elite teams to invest heavily in players to avoid relegation. This increased budgets 25 percent over the previous two years.

In the final Bundesliga season, 1993–94, only 11 teams wanted to play in the 2nd Bundesliga. Furthermore, two teams folded during and after the season. Ice hockey's reputation in Germany was heavily tarnished. This made it difficult to attract serious sponsorship. In January 1994, 20 out of the remaining 21 1st and 2nd Bundesliga teams voted for creating a new entity, the DEL.

Upon founding, the "DEL Betriebsgesellschaft mbH" was the first German professional sports league managed by an organization whose members were incorporated as well. The goal behind the DEL was to create a league, based on the model of the North American NHL, in which teams could play consistently without relegation concerns and create a stable league. Clubs in the DEL were required to conform to rules, which were designed to ensure long-term viability. Twelve clubs from the old 1st Bundesliga, and six from the 2nd Bundesliga came together as founding members. The new league immediately attracted corporate sponsorship with the Krombacher Brewery, which was prominently featured on the new league logo.

The hope of avoiding the troubles of the old Bundesliga by stricter financial controls did not materialize. During DEL's initial season, on 18 December 1994, the Bundesliga's final champion, the renamed EC Hedos München, folded. This was controversial, as DEL's president Franz Hofherr had approved their license and certified their finances. Hofherr was Mad Dogs former president and it was alleged that he must have known about their desperate financial situation.

The Bosman ruling, a 1995 decision of the European Court of Justice regarding the movement of labor in soccer, had profound influence on the league. The old Bundesliga had national character with German clubs competing for the German title using mostly German players. After the ruling European Union players were excluded from the "foreign" player quota. In the 1995–96 season following the decision, the DEL teams employed 97 EU players. This lowered costs significantly, enabling smaller teams to compete more effectively. However, frequent player moves were not viewed positively by the fans, resulting in smaller attendance numbers.

Following an agreement with the DEB the league renamed itself as "DEL – Die 1. Bundesliga" in the 1999–2000 season, while reintroducing relegation and promotion to/from the 2nd Ice Hockey Bundesliga.

The 2004–05 season was significant due to the NHL lockout. 26 NHL players came to play the season in the DEL, including Jamie Langenbrunner, Erik Cole, Stéphane Robidas, Doug Weight, Mike York and several German national team players – Jochen Hecht, Olaf Kölzig, and Marco Sturm.

League regulations

The DEL is an independently run league, fully owned and operated by its 14 member teams. Each team must fulfill the DEL's basic requirements to remain in the league:

The DEL can only admit one 2nd Bundesliga team per season to the league, unless the league strength falls below fourteen, in which case two clubs can be admitted. Since the 2006–07 season, no DEL team can be automatically relegated, a team can only lose its league status through non-compliance with the leagues regulations (see above).

The ESBG guarantees to admit any DEL team wishing to step down to the lower 2nd Bundesliga or Oberliga. The team, however, has to purchase a license (licensing fees for the 2nd Bundesliga are currently set at €100,000.00).

To regulate the relationship between the DEL, the DEB and the ESBG (2nd Bundesliga), a so-called Kooperationsvertrag exists. This cooperation contract was signed in December 2005, and was valid until 2011. This contract ended years of dispute between the three organizations over competencies and financial issues. [2] [3]

In November 2007, the DEL announced another change in policy. The league expanded to allow 16 teams beginning in the 2008–09 season, resulting in direct promotion for the 2nd Bundesliga league champions, should they fulfill all requirements and be interested in joining the DEL. Should this not be the case, or a current DEL team resigns from the league, a selection process would determine the club, or clubs, who would be eligible to join in order required to achieve 16 teams. (Note: Füchse Duisburg resigned before the 2009–10 season and was not replaced until the following season.)

For that season, it was also mandated that each DEL club would be allowed to have no more than ten non-EC players under contract.

Additionally, a new format for the game schedule will limit the number of regular-season games to 52 for each team. This is achieved by each team playing four games against eleven others and two games against the remaining four. To determine which teams play, the final standings of the previous season are used.

The DEL would also reintroduce promotion once more. The first- and second-lowest ranked teams will play a best-of-seven series to determine which team faces the 2nd Bundesliga champion for a place in the league. There is, however, an ongoing dispute about those games as second division teams may only have five foreign players on contract and therefore face a handicap in comparison to the DEL teams with twelve import players each. [4] For now, the ESBG has declared that no team from the 2nd Bundesliga would take part in these matches and therefore no promotion/relegation with the DEL will take place. [5]

Teams

Members of the 2020–21 DEL season.

TeamCityArenaCapacity
Augsburger Panther Augsburg Curt Frenzel Stadium 6,218
Eisbären Berlin Berlin Mercedes-Benz Arena 14,200
Fischtown Pinguins Bremerhaven Eisarena Bremerhaven 4,674
Düsseldorfer EG Düsseldorf ISS Dome 13,400
ERC Ingolstadt Ingolstadt Saturn Arena 4,815
Iserlohn Roosters Iserlohn Eissporthalle Iserlohn 5,000
Kölner Haie Cologne Lanxess Arena 18,500
Krefeld Pinguine Krefeld König Palast 9,000
Adler Mannheim Mannheim SAP Arena 13,600
EHC Red Bull München Munich Olympia Eishalle 6,256
Nürnberg Ice Tigers Nuremberg Arena Nürnberger Versicherung 7,810
Schwenninger Wild Wings Villingen-Schwenningen Helios Arena 6,215
Straubing Tigers Straubing Eisstadion am Pulverturm 6,000
Grizzlys Wolfsburg Wolfsburg Eis Arena Wolfsburg 4,660

Former teams

DEL seasons

Past champions

All-time standings

32 clubs have played in the DEL since founding, with 14 currently playing. The 1994 standing represents the Bundesliga and 2. Bundesliga.

ClubNo. 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 7 21 8
Adler Mannheim 281BL36143512466101649741411025121
EHC München 5118111272111212
Eisbären Berlin 281BL1717412131371121921131489282943
Fischtown Pinguins 5109764
ERC Ingolstadt 191275241012762693874575
Grizzlys Wolfsburg 151313731310674571296
Iserlohn Roosters 121151291211111151111121013106313813137
Straubing Tigers 1512141313136912139913838
Düsseldorfer EG 6261BL5395119381032936271414551111659
Schwenninger Wild Wings 181BL9510910111216141314141210141410
Augsburger Panther 272BL13121113881481197121312108148811121261231011
Kölner Haie 281BL61235126244553151099251174641112
Thomas Sabo Ice Tigers 272BL121115121105452343155101373863310813
Krefeld Pinguine 281BL4781173936109810116124123210131414111214
Hamburg Freezers 21483867781411551411
Hannover Scorpions 171471197101013127682451411
Frankfurt Lions 162BL108122471011135198492
Kassel Huskies 142BL79310944571114131415
EV Duisburg 414141516
Wölfe Freiburg 114
Revierlöwen Oberhausen 5141414613
Moskitos Essen 3151614
Preussen Berlin 81BL1258136815
Munich Barons 233231
Starbulls Rosenheim 161BL8136151212
Landshut Cannibals 351BL24766
Ratinger Löwen 31BL161016
ESV Kaufbeuren 31BL111513
SC Riessersee 114
Hannover Indians 22BL1416
Lausitzer Füchse 22BL1518
Maddogs München 411BL18


Color codeResult
GoldPlay-off champion
SilverPlay-off finalist
GreenSemi-finalist
Blue1st round
PurplePreliminary round
WhiteDid not qualify for play-offs
RedFolded during regular season or relegated to DEL2
BoldRegular season champion
ItalicsPlay-offs not conducted
No.Number of seasons in league (as of 2020–21)

See also

Related Research Articles

Eisbären Berlin

Eisbären Berlin is a professional ice hockey team based in Berlin, Germany. The team competes in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga (DEL), the highest level of play in professional German ice hockey, and is also one of the league's founding members. The Eisbären have won the DEL championship more often than any other team, with eight DEL championships as of the 2020–21 season. They won the German ice hockey cup in 2008 as well as the European Trophy in 2010. Before reunification the team won the East German ice hockey championship 15 times as SC Dynamo Berlin.

Stéphane Richer (ice hockey defenceman) Canadian ice hockey defenceman

Stéphane Jean-Gilles Richer is a former Canadian professional ice hockey player who is currently serving as sport director at Eisbären Berlin of the Deutsche Eishockey Liga.

2nd Bundesliga (ice hockey)

The 2nd Eishockey-Bundesliga was the second tier of Ice hockey in Germany until 2012/13 and has since been replaced by DEL2. Starting in 2002, the league was organized by the ESBG, to which the league organization was outsourced from the DEB, the German ice hockey federation. In the 2012–13 season, it featured 13 teams.

Adler Mannheim German professional ice hockey team

The Adler Mannheim are a professional ice hockey team of the Deutsche Eishockey Liga, the highest-level ice hockey league in Germany. The team is based in Mannheim, a city in the northern part of Baden-Württemberg. Currently, the team plays at SAP Arena, where they moved to at the beginning of the 2005–06 season after having played at Eisstadion am Friedrichspark for nearly seven decades from 1938 through 2005. They have won the German Championship a total of eight times, seven of those coming after 1994 in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga.

ERC Ingolstadt

ERC Ingolstadt is a German professional ice hockey club that plays in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga (DEL). Commonly known as the Panthers, the team plays its home games at the Saturn Arena in Ingolstadt.

EV Landshut

EV Landshut, also known as EVL Landshut Eishockey and formerly known as the Landshut Cannibals, are a professional ice hockey team based in Landshut, Bavaria, Germany. They currently play in Deutsche Eishockey Liga 2 (DEL2), the second level of ice hockey in Germany. They were promoted from the third-tier Oberliga in 2019 after winning the Oberliga finals against the Tilburg Trappers.

Don Jackson (ice hockey) American ice hockey player

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Sean Simpson

Sean Simpson is a Canadian ice hockey coach and former professional ice hockey player. He last served as head coach of Adler Mannheim in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga (DEL) in Germany.

The DEL, 2nd Bundesliga and Oberliga are the first three levels of ice hockey in Germany. All three leagues operate nationwide. While the DEL is an independently operated league, the other two are run by the German ice hockey federation, the DEB, through the ESBG. The leagues below the Oberliga are operated by the state federations (German:Landesverbände) and don't run nationwide. The 2007–08 season for the three top leagues started on 6 September 2007 with the first round in the DEL and finished on 25 April 2008 with the fifth and last game of the 2nd Bundesliga finals.

The DEL, 2nd Bundesliga and Oberliga are the first three levels of ice hockey in Germany. All three leagues operate nationwide. While the DEL is an independently operated league, the other two are run by the German ice hockey federation, the DEB, through the ESBG. The leagues below the Oberliga are operated by the state federations (German:Landesverbände) and don't run nationwide. The 2006-07 season for the three top leagues started on 7 September 2006 with the first round in the DEL and finished on 17 April 2007 with the third and last game of the DEL finals, with the Adler Mannheim winning their fifth DEL title.

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2008–09 DEL season Sports season

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2009–10 DEL season Sports season

The 2009–10 Deutsche Eishockey Liga season is the 16th season since the founding of the Deutsche Eishockey Liga. Prior to the season, the Füchse Duisburg voluntarily left the league due to financial hardship. Bietigheim Steelers, champions of the 2. Bundesliga had an opportunity to join the league, but canceled their licensing application.

2010–11 DEL season Sports season

The 2010–11 Deutsche Eishockey Liga season is the 17th season since the founding of the Deutsche Eishockey Liga. As reigning champions of the 2. Bundesliga, EHC München were promoted to the DEL.

David Wolf (ice hockey) German Ice Hockey player

David Wolf is a German professional ice hockey player who currently plays for Adler Mannheim of the Deutsche Eishockey Liga (DEL). He played five seasons in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga (DEL) for the Hannover Scorpions and Hamburg Freezers between 2009 and 2014 before moving over to North America. Internationally, Wolf has represented Germany at both the junior and senior levels.

The 2011–12 Deutsche Eishockey Liga season was the 18th season since the founding of the Deutsche Eishockey Liga. Eisbären Berlin won the league championship after posting the top record during the regular season.

Klaus Kathan German ice hockey player

Klaus Kathan is a German former professional ice hockey winger. He played in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga (DEL) for the Berlin Capitals, Star Bulls Rosenheim, Kassel Huskies, Adler Mannheim, DEG Metro Stars, Hannover Scorpions, EHC München in the during the 2012-13 season.

DEL2 German ice hockey league

DEL2 is the second tier ice hockey league in Germany, below the Deutsche Eishockey Liga (DEL) and ahead of the Oberliga. Founded in 2013 to replace the defunct 2nd Bundesliga, DEL2 is administered by ESBG, under licence from DEB.

The 2015–16 Deutsche Eishockey Liga season was the 22nd season since the founding of the Deutsche Eishockey Liga.

The 2016–17 Deutsche Eishockey Liga season was the 23rd season since the founding of the Deutsche Eishockey Liga.

References

  1. "SC Bern on top for 16th time in a row". iihf.com. International Ice Hockey Federation . Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  2. "Kooperationsvertrages" (PDF) (in German). DEL. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
  3. "Fragen zur DEL" (in German). DEL. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
  4. "DEL: Neuer Modus mit Auf- und Abstieg" (in German). Hockeyweb.de. 21 November 2007. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
  5. "DEL: Kein Auf- und Abstieg" (in German). kicker.de. 14 March 2008. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
  6. "Frankfurt Lions akzeptieren Entscheidung der DEL" (in German). frankfurt-lions-gmbh.de. Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  7. "Hamburg Freezers beantragen keine DEL-Lizenz für die Saison 2016/17" (in German). hamburg-freezers.de. 24 May 2016. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
  8. "Hamburg Freezers werden keine DEL-Lizenz für die saison 2016/17 beantragen" (in German). hamburg-freezers.de. 18 May 2016. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
  9. "OLG Köln besiegelt DEL-Aus, Team siegt trotzdem noch einmal" (in German). huskies-online.de. 27 August 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2010.[ permanent dead link ]
  10. "Deutsche Eishockey Liga beendet Saison vorzeitig". del.org (in German). Retrieved 10 March 2020.