The Eredivisie ("Premier League") was, during its existence, the only professional ice hockey league in the Netherlands and the highest level of competition organized by the Nederlandse IJshockey Bond (NIJB; English: "Dutch Ice Hockey Federation").Formed in 1945 and playing continuously since 1964, the league mainly featured Dutch teams, although in some seasons certain Belgian teams competed. The league featured a mix of Dutch, European and overseas players. The winner of the Eredivisie was crowned the Dutch National Champion and represented the Netherlands in the IIHF Continental Cup. In 2015, with most of its teams facing financial problems and its top team, Tilburg Trappers, joining the German Oberliga, the Eredivise was suspended with the remaining teams joining the BeNe League.
The league had many different teams during its existence. The financial viability of teams and availability of an arena often determined which cities participated in any given year. The teams in its final year of competition were:
|Eindhoven Kemphanen||Eindhoven||IJssportcentrum Eindhoven (cap. 1,700)|
|HYS The Hague||The Hague||de Uithof (cap. 2,610)|
|Geleen Eaters||Sittard-Geleen||Glanerbrook (cap. 1,200)|
|Friesland Flyers||Heerenveen||Thialf (cap. 3,500)|
|Destil Trappers||Tilburg||Stappegoor (cap. 2,500)|
|HYC Herentals||Herentals||Bloso IJsbaan (cap. 1,200)|
|Dordrecht Lions||Dordrecht||Sportboulevard Dordrecht(cap. 700)|
The league's format changed from year to year depending on the number of teams and the format of the Dutch Cup Tournament. As an example, in the 2013-14 year, the league had a 36-game regular season, followed by a best-of five semi-finals amongst the top five qualifiers and a best-of-five final for the Dutch championship.
The Dutch ice hockey Eredivisie was formed after World War II, with teams in Amsterdam, The Hague and Tilburg. It suspended operations from 1950 to 1964, but has organized a season of competition annually ever since. Over the years the number of teams competing fluctuated between 3 and 10 (currently 7), and the number of games played in the regular season between 4 and 36.
For the 2008-2009 Eredivisie season, the Utrecht Dragons and Eindhoven Kemphanen joined the league. In 2009-2010, Utrecht returned to the Eerste Divisie. Prior to the 2010-2011 season, Amstel Tijgers, one of the oldest teams in the league, dropped out, as did Groningen Grizzlies after three seasons, due to poor results on the ice and low revenues. In 2010, a new team, the Zoetermeer Panthers, won the Dutch Cup but dropped out of the first North Sea Cup tournament due to financial problems.
For two seasons, 2010–11 and 2011–12, the league's regular season consisted of a tournament with several Belgian teams called the North Sea Cup. The two countries maintained distinct national cups and national championship playoffs during these years. The Belgian teams, namely HYC Herentals, Turnhout White Caps, and Leuven Chiefs, struggled on and off the ice in the new league, with smaller budgets and fewer imported players than their Dutch counterparts. By the end of the second North Sea Cup season, Leuven and Turnhout had dropped out of the league. The North Sea Cup was disbanded in the summer of 2012 when the lone remaining Belgian team, HYC Herentals, was admitted as a full member of the Dutch Eredivisie.
For 2013-14, the Amsterdam G's, which replaced the Amstel Tijgers for 2011-2012 and 2013-2013, ceased operations after financial problems and back-to-back last place finishes, while the Dordrecht Lions began play in the Eredivisie. However, financial strains on several clubs and a wide disparity between the quality of the teams took a toll on competition and attendance. In 2015, the consistently strongest team of the league, Tilburg Trappers, joined the German Oberliga. This prompted the remaining teams of the Eredivisie to join with the top amateur teams in the Netherlands and Belgium to form the BeNe League, to provide greater financial stability and more balanced competition.
In the Netherlands, below the Eredivisie was the Eerste Divisie (First Division), the country's top amateur ice hockey league. There was no relegation or promotion between the Eredivisie and the Eerste Divisie. Some cities (such as Tilburg and The Hague) had hockey clubs operating a professional team in the Eredivisie and a separate amateur team in the Eerste Divisie. All other Dutch hockey leagues are recreational leagues. Dutch Eredivisie and Eerste Divisie teams competed against each other for the Dutch Cup, a tournament that was played before and during the Eredivisie regular season.
In Belgium, the Belgian National League operated as the league with the top Belgian teams, apart from HYC Herentals which played in the Eredivisie. Herentals competed in the Belgian Cup tournament but in the Dutch national championship tournament.
Upon the demise of the Eredivisie, the remaining Eredivisie teams merged with the Eerste Divisie and Belgian National League teams to form the BeNe League.
Dutch Eredivisie national champions since 1946:
|1945–46||H.H.IJ.C. Den Haag|
|1947–48||H.H.IJ.C. Den Haag|
|1964–65||H.IJ.S. Hoky Den Haag|
|1965–66||H.IJ.S. Hoky Den Haag|
|1966–67||H.IJ.S. Hoky Den Haag|
|1967–68||H.IJ.S. Hoky Den Haag|
|1968–69||H.IJ.S. Hoky Den Haag|
|1969–70||S.IJ. Den Bosch|
|1976–77||Feenstra Verwarming Heerenveen|
|1977–78||Feenstra Verwarming Heerenveen|
|1978–79||Feenstra Flyers Heerenveen|
|1979–80||Feenstra Flyers Heerenveen|
|1980–81||Feenstra Flyers Heerenveen|
|1981–82||Feenstra Flyers Heerenveen|
|1982–83||Feenstra Flyers Heerenveen|
|1984–85||Deko Builders Amsterdam|
|1985–86||Lada GIJS Groningen|
|1986–87||IJ.H.C. Rotterdam Panda's|
|1988–89||Gunco Panda's Rotterdam|
|1989–90||Gunco Panda's Rotterdam|
|1990–91||Peter Langhout Reizen Utrecht|
|1991–92||Pro Badge Utrecht|
|1992–93||Flame Guards Nijmegen|
|1993–94||Couwenberg Trappers Tilburg|
|1994–95||Couwenberg Trappers Tilburg|
|1995–96||CVT Keuken Trappers Tilburg|
|1996–97||Fulda Tigers Nijmegen|
|1997–98||Van Heumen Tigers Nijmegen|
|1998–99||Agio Huys Tigers Nijmegen|
|1999–2000||Agio Huys Tigers Nijmegen|
|2000–01||Diamant Trappers Tilburg|
|2001–02||Boretti Tigers Amsterdam|
|2002–03||Boretti Tigers Amsterdam|
|2005–06||Hatulek Emperors Nijmegen|
|2006–07||Destil Trappers Tilburg|
|2007–08||Destil Trappers Tilburg|
|2008–09||HYS The Hague|
|2009–10||Romijnders Devils Nijmegen|
|2010–11||HYS The Hague|
|2011–12||Ruijters Eaters Geleen|
|2012–13||HYS The Hague|
|2017–18||HYS The Hague|
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The KNVB Beker, branded as the TOTO KNVB Beker for sponsorship reasons, is a competition in the Netherlands organized by the Royal Dutch Football Association (KNVB) since 1898. It was based on the format of the English FA Cup. Outside the Netherlands, it is often referred to as the Dutch Cup. The tournament consists of all teams from the top four tiers of Dutch league football, as well as the 24 semi-finalists of the six KNVB District Cups. The finals of the tournament traditionally takes place in De Kuip, and has been held there every season since the 1989 final. The winners of the cup compete against the winners of the Eredivisie for the Johan Cruyff Shield, which acts as the curtain raiser for the following season.
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The Nederlandse IJshockey Bond is the official governing body of ice hockey in the Netherlands. It was founded in 1933 as a three team league with The Hague, Amsterdam and Tilburg. It joined the International Ice Hockey Federation in 1935. In 1946, it created the Eredivisie.
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The 2011–12 North Sea Cup was the second and final season of the North Sea Cup, the highest level of ice hockey in the Netherlands and Belgium, before the league reverted to its traditional name, the Eredivisie, and its traditional format.
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The BeNe League is the highest-level professional ice hockey league in Belgium and the Netherlands. The league was founded in 2015, following a merger between the Belgian Hockey League and the Dutch Eredivisie and thus became the top tier of the sport in both nations. In terms of league structure, the BeNe League is made up of 11 teams, 6 from the Netherlands and a further 5 from Belgium, and they all play in a single group. The league features a mix of Belgian, Dutch, European and overseas players.