German Football League

Last updated
German Football League
Current season, competition or edition:
AmericanFootball current event.svg 2018 German Football League
GFLlogo.png
FormerlyAmerican-Football-Bundesliga
(1979–1999)
Sport American football
Founded 1979
No. of teams 16
Country Germany
Most recent
champion(s)
Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns
Most titles New Yorker Lions (11)
Official website gfl.info

The German Football League (GFL) is the elite league for American football in Germany and was formed in 1979. Playing rules are based on those of the American NCAA. In 1999, the league switched its name from American-Football-Bundesliga to German Football League. [1]

American football Team field sport

American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, which is the team controlling the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, which is the team without control of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and aims to take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, and otherwise they turn over the football to the defense; if the offense succeeds in advancing ten yards or more, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

National Collegiate Athletic Association Non-profit organization that regulates many American college athletes and programs

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,268 North American institutions and conferences. It also organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, and helps more than 480,000 college student-athletes who compete annually in college sports. The organization is headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana.

Contents

League set-up

German federal states with GFL teams in 2015 GFL-Germany-states.png
German federal states with GFL teams in 2015

The GFL is partitioned into north and south conferences, each with eight teams. In each conference, every team plays against every other team of its own conference, both at home and away. Until 2011, each team also played home and away interconference games against the team from the opposing conference that finished the previous season on the same rank. However, this was abandoned with the league expansion to 16 teams. After the end of the regular season, four teams from both conferences enter the playoffs, to determine the German championship. The winner of a conference plays against the 4th place team of the other group, second against third of the other conference. The final is called the German Bowl. The lowest ranked team of each conference plays against the winner of the second division, and may be relegated if they lose.

German Bowl

The German Bowl is the annual national championship game in the sport of American football in Germany. It is contested by the two best teams of the German Football League.

Promotion and relegation sporting term

In sports leagues, promotion and relegation is a process where teams are transferred between multiple divisions based on their performance for the completed season. The best-ranked team(s) in the lower division are promoted to the higher division for the next season, and the worst-ranked team(s) in the higher division are relegated to the lower division for the next season. In some leagues, playoffs or qualifying rounds are also used to determine rankings. This process can continue through several levels of divisions, with teams being exchanged between levels 1 and 2, levels 2 and 3, levels 3 and 4, and so on. During the season, teams that are high enough in the league table that they would qualify for promotion are sometimes said to be in the promotion zone, and those at the bottom are in the relegation zone.

The league had been expanded from 12 to 14 teams for the 2011 season. It further increased the number of teams to 16 in 2012. [2]

Below the GFL sits the GFL 2 , formerly the 2nd Bundesliga, which was formed in 1982. [3] It is also divided into a northern and southern division, with eight teams in each. For the 2011 season, both the northern and the southern champions are promoted, while the runners-up of the two divisions will play the last placed team in the GFL division above for another spot in the league in 2012. [2]

The German Football League 2 (GFL) is the second tier of American football in Germany, below the German Football League. Until 2007, the league was known as the 2. Bundesliga.

For most of its history, the GFL has been divided into a northern and southern division. Only in 1979 was it played in single division format, while, from 1986 to 1990, it was divided into four regional divisions.

As of 2010, the Munich Cowboys have played more GFL games than any other team, 335, followed by the Berlin Adler with 312, the only other team with more than 300 league games. The Cowboys have played 29 out of a possible 32 seasons at the highest level of the game in Germany, more than any other club. [4]

History

Early years

The history of American football in Germany, outside the US Army bases in the country, began in 1977, when the Frankfurter Löwen were formed as the first club to play the game in Germany. At first, this team was only able to play US Army teams, lacking German opposition. [1] The formation of the league dates back to a German TV interview with Alexander Sperber, son of a U.S. Army soldier and German mother, which created enough interest to form a number of teams and the league, referred to as German-American Football League. [5] In March 1979, the AFBD, the American Football Federation of Germany (German : American-Football-Bund Deutschland), was formed, the first of its kind in Europe. This organisation, in 1982, was replaced by the AFVD, the American Football Association of Germany (German : American-Football-Verband Deutschland). [6]

The Frankfurter Löwen were an American football team from Frankfurt, Germany.

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

In 1979, the American-Football-Bundesliga, later to be renamed the German Football League, [7] was formed, consisting of six clubs, the Frankfurter Löwen, Ansbach Grizzlies, Düsseldorf Panther, Munich Cowboys, Berliner Bären, and Bremerhaven Seahawks. [1] Of those six, the top two teams would contest the first ever German Bowl on 10 November 1979. [3] The first-ever league game was held on 4 August 1979, played between the Frankfurter Löwen and the Düsseldorf Panther, and ended in a victory for Frankfurt. [6]

The league saw a split in its second and third season, with Düsseldorf and Bremerhaven leaving the competition to take part in a separate, short-lived competition, the Nordwestdeutsche Football Liga – NFL. [8] By 1981, the Bundesliga was expanded to two regional divisions of seven clubs each. [3] The early years of the league were dominated by two teams, Frankfurt and Ansbach, who met each other in the first three editions of the German Bowl. Of those, Frankfurt won the first two, remaining unbeaten in 1979, and Ansbach the last. The era of the Frankfurter Löwen was hereby ended and the club went defunct in the mid-1980s, while the Ansbach Grizzlies continued to be an outstanding team, playing in all of the first eight German Bowls. [9] Unlike the first season, play-off semi finals were played in 1980 and 1981 to determine the two German Bowl contestants. From 1982, the play-offs were enlarged to include a quarter final round as well. [3]

Ansbach vs Düsseldorf era

The 1982 season, which saw Ansbach repeat its title, remaining unbeaten all season, this time against the Cologne Crocodiles, saw an increase of clubs to fifteen, including the two break-away clubs Düsseldorf and Bremerhaven. [3] After that, the era of the Düsseldorf Panther versus Ansbach Grizzlies rivalry began, with the two teams meeting in the next four finals. Of those, the team from Düsseldorf won the 1983, 1984 and 1986 editions, while the Grizzlies earned their third championship in 1985. With the Panthers in 1983 and 1986 and the Grizzlies in 1985, both teams were able to win the title without a loss all season. With the 1986 final, the golden era of the Ansbach Grizzlies ended and the club disappeared out of the top level all together by 1991. [9]

League expansion 1986 to 1990

From 1986, a wild card round was introduced in the play-offs, taking the number of teams in the play-offs to twelve. The league had now expanded to 24 teams, divided into four divisions. Two of those were in the north, one in the south and the fourth one in Central Germany. [3]

The 1987 German Bowl saw two completely new teams compete against each other, the Badener Greifs making their only appearance in the championship game to date, while the Berlin Adler won their first of, as of 2016, six national championships. Both teams went into the German Bowl without a defeat all season. In 1988, Red Barons Cologne defeated the Düsseldorf Panther in the final, while, from 1989 onwards, the Berlin Adler became the first team to win three championships in a row, all against teams from Cologne. The Adler also managed to remain unbeaten in 1989 and 1990 and only suffered one defeat in 1991, at home against the Cologne Crocodiles. [9] After the 1990 season, the play-offs were reduced to eight teams again, dropping the wild card round, a system still in place as of 2010. The league, which had peaked at 26 clubs in four regional divisions in 1990, was reduced to the two-divisional format, with eight teams per division. [3]

Düsseldorf Panther era

The Panther earned their fourth title in 1992, defeating the Munich Cowboys, which, in the following year, won the championship themselves, against Cologne Crocodiles, who suffered their fourth defeat in their fourth German Bowl. Munichs title in an undefeated 1993 season was to be the last occasion for the next twelve years that a team from the South would reach the final, and the last time until 2011, that a team from the South would win the championship. The Bundesliga and the German Bowl were from now on dominated by the North. [9] After the 1993 season, still contested with 16 clubs, the number of clubs was gradually reduced further. In 1994, 14 clubs in two divisions of seven competed in the league, from 1995, the division strength was reduced to six. For the next 16 seasons, six teams per division was the set number, with occasional seasons going underway in reduced strength because of late withdrawals. Also, an inter conference round was introduced in 1994, with teams from different divisions now meeting for the first time during the regular season. [3]

In 1994 and 1995, the Düsseldorf Panther once more won the German Bowl, with the second title won against a new force in the game in Germany, the Hamburg Blue Devils. In 1996, the Blue Devils then reversed the fortunes and defeated the Panthers in the final. [9]

Braunschweig Lions vs Hamburg Blue Devils era

The most dominant era of any team in German football begun in 1997, when the Braunschweig Lions reached and won the German Bowl for the first time. The Lions would play in every one of the next twelve German Bowls, up until 2008, and win seven of those. Their first title, in 1997, was won against the Cologne Crocodiles, who were now five out five in German Bowl defeats. The following six seasons, the final was contested by the Lions and the Blue Devils on five occasions, with the Lions winning in 1998 and 1999, while the Blue Devils won 2001, 2002 and 2003. Only in 2000 did neither of those two win the Bowl, instead, the Cologne Crocodiles finally reversed their fortunes and won a championship in their sixth attempt. [9] In between, in 1999, the Bundesliga was renamed to German Football League. [1] In 2002, the league also lost its longest-serving founding member, the Munich Cowboys suffering relegation for the first time, alongside another one of the "original six", the Düsseldorf Panther, who had however missed the 1980 and 1981 seasons because of the league split. [3]

Braunschweig lost a fifth final in a row in 2004, when the Berlin Adler won their first title in 13 years. After this, the Braunschweig Lions set a new record, winning four German Bowls straight, beating four different teams in the finals. In 2005, the Blue Devils were once more the opposition, followed by two southern teams, the Marburg Mercenaries in 2006 and the Stuttgart Scorpions in 2007, in an unbeaten season for the Lions. The seventh title for the Lions came in 2008, against the new force of the Kiel Baltic Hurricanes. [9]

Current

Kiel also played in the 2009 final, losing to the Berlin Adler, before finally being successful in 2010 and winning their first title against the same team. [9]

In 2011, the league season has been expanded from 72 to 98 games because of the enlargement of the league. It also saw the end of an 18-year title drought for the south, when the Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns defeated Kiel 48-44 to take out the national championship for the first time. [10] [11]

For the 2012 season, the Mönchengladbach Mavericks, runners-up in the northern division in 2011, were refused a licence, [12] leaving an extra spot in the league which was awarded to the Lübeck Cougars. The Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns repeated their 2011 success and once more defeated the Kiel Baltic Hurricanes in the German Bowl, becoming the first team from the south to win back-to-back championships since the 1982 Ansbach Grizzlies.

The 2013 season saw a return to northern dominance with all four southern teams knocked out in the quarter finals and the German Bowl contested by the revived Braunschweig Lions, now as the New Yorker Lions, and the Dresden Monarchs who made their first appearance in the championship final, with the Lions winning their eighth German Bowl in a close 35-34 game with the only turnover coming with the last play when Dresden was driving down the field for a potentially game winning score.

The 2014 season began with the withdrawal of the Hamburg Blue Devils before the start of the season, leaving the northern division with only seven clubs. In the north Braunschweig won another division title with a perfect season while the Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns won the southern division for a fourth consecutive time (who then went on to beat Kiel and Dresden in the Playoffs to reach the final). The 2014 German Bowl was contested by the two division champions with Braunschweig taking out their ninth title with Schwäbisch Hall only scoring a Field Goal until the fourth quarter. The Lions won their ninth German Bowl victory with the highest-ever winning margin, defeating the Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns 47–9. [13]

The 2015 season played out similar to the previous edition with both Schwäbisch Hall and Braunschweig winning their division before advancing to the final where Braunschweig prevailed once more, this time by a more narrow 41-31 margin.

North–south disparity

Success in American football in Germany and at the German Bowl differs hugely between the clubs from the northern and the southern division, with the south, as of 2015, only winning eight German Bowls and the north the remaining 29. Similarly, southern clubs have only made 20 appearances in the Bowl, while northern clubs have appeared 54 times. After the first three German Bowls, the final was never again contested by two southern clubs. Since the end of the golden era of the Ansbach Grizzlies in 1986, southern clubs have only made nine appearances in the championship game and suffered a championship drought from 1993 to 2011. From 1993 to 2006 no southern team reached the German Bowl, with twelve consecutive finals played without southern participation. On five occasions no southern team progressed beyond the quarter finals. In 1989, 1995, 1996, 1999 and 2013 all four semi-finalists came from the northern division. [9] [14]

The disparity is also documented by the inter conference games held from 1994 to 2011 between the northern and southern divisions. Of the 190 games played in this era, the north won 140, almost 75 percent, the south only 48 while two were drawn: [3]

SeasonTeamsGamesWonDrewLost
1994North – South12903
1995North – South121002
1996North – South9702
1997North – South0000
1998North – South10802
1999North – South101000
2000North – South9603
2001North – South12903
2002North – South12903
2003North – South12606
2004North – South10802
2005North – South10406
2006North – South12804
2007North – South12903
2008North – South12912
2009North – South101000
2010North – South121011
2011North – South14806
OverallNorth – South190140248

Restrictions on foreign players

As a sign of the strong influence of Americans in the game in Germany, upon formation of the Bundesliga in 1979, there was no restriction on how many foreigners a team could field. The only stipulation was, that every team had to field a minimum of three German nationals at any time. Soon, this changed, and the allowed number of foreigners on the field for a team at any given time, in this case specifically, Americans, was reduced to five. [6]

In 1982, this number was reduced to four, in 1983 to three and, by 1986, only two were allowed on the field for a team at any given time. [6]

In November 2010, a new Bundesspielordnung, the rule book of American football in Germany, was published. One major change was that the sport now placed citizens of European Union countries on equal footing with German nationals, meaning, restrictions on the number of these players per team on the field were now not in place anymore. However, the restrictions on non-EU nationals remained in place, unless those players could prove that they had spent at least three years playing for a youth team in the sport in Germany. [15]

For the 2011 season, a club can sign up up to ten non-EU players, have six of those on the line-up for any given game but only two of those on the field at any given time. These restrictions are specifically in place for US, Canadian, Mexican and Japanese citizens and, on request, exemptions can be made for players from countries without established structures in the sport. This rule is designed to prevent an advantage to the wealthier clubs, who could otherwise recruit a large number of players from the traditional American football countries. [16]

Teams

GFL North

TeamCityStadiumCapacity
Berlin Rebels Berlin Mommsenstadion 15,005
New Yorker Lions Braunschweig Eintracht-Stadion 25,500
Cologne Crocodiles Cologne Sportpark Höhenberg6,214
Dresden Monarchs Dresden Heinz-Steyer-Stadion 3,000
Kiel Baltic Hurricanes Kiel Kilia Platz 5,500
Hamburg Huskies Hamburg Stadion Hammer Park2,000
Hildesheim Invaders Hildesheim Eintracht Homefield
Potsdam Royals Potsdam Sportpark Luftschiffhafen

GFL South

TeamCityStadiumCapacity
Allgäu Comets Kempten Illerstadion4,500
Frankfurt Universe Frankfurt Frankfurter Volksbank Stadion 12,542
Ingolstadt Dukes Ingolstadt Tuja-Stadion 11,418
Kirchdorf Wildcats Kirchdorf am Inn Inn-Energie-Arena2,500
Marburg Mercenaries Marburg Georg-Gaßmann-Stadion 12,000
Munich Cowboys Munich Dantestadion18,000
Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns Schwäbisch Hall Optima Sportpark2,200
Stuttgart Scorpions Stuttgart Gazi-Stadion auf der Waldau 12,000

German Bowls

German Bowl participants since 1979: [9]

App.TeamWinsLossesWinning percentageSeason(s)
17 New Yorker Lions 116.6471997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
9 Düsseldorf Panther 63.6671983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996
8 Berlin Adler 62.7501987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1994, 2004, 2009, 2010
8 Hamburg Blue Devils 44.5001995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005
8 Ansbach Grizzlies 35.3751979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986
6 Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns 33.5002011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
6 Cologne Crocodiles 15.1671982, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1997, 2000
5 Kiel Baltic Hurricanes 14.2002008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012
3 Frankfurter Löwen 21.6671979, 1980, 1981
2 Red Barons Cologne 11.5001988, 1989
2 Munich Cowboys 11.5001992, 1993
1 Badener Greifs 01.0001987
1 Marburg Mercenaries 01.0002006
1 Stuttgart Scorpions 01.0002007
1 Dresden Monarchs 01.0002013

GFL season placings

The placings in the league since the renaming of the league to GFL after the 1999 season: [3] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22]

North

GFL North00010203040506070809101112 13 14 15 16 17 18
New Yorker Lions 2211111125466111111
Dresden Monarchs 4333643353222232
Berlin Rebels 65565443
Cologne Crocodiles 143554
Potsdam Royals 5
Kiel Baltic Hurricanes 466312111343326
Hildesheim Invaders 577
Hamburg Huskies 4668
Berlin Adler 4324523124245678
Düsseldorf Panther 33566347778
Cologne Falcons 545683
Hamburg Blue Devils 51224224476
Lübeck Cougars 8
Mönchengladbach Mavericks 2
Assindia Cardinals 556457
Hannover Musketeers 6

South

GFL South00010203040506070809101112 13 14 15 16 17 18
Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns 443223351211111111
Frankfurt Universe 222
Allgäu Comets 52453
Munich Cowboys 1165636548345674
Marburg Mercenaries 6111212123236735
Ingolstadt Dukes 46
Kirchdorf Wildcats 7
Stuttgart Scorpions 4224332123434623568
Saarland Hurricanes 55554566756438
Rhein Neckar Bandits 24778
Franken Knights 363245788
Wiesbaden Phantoms 568
Plattling Black Hawks 537
Weinheim Longhorns 4446
Darmstadt Diamonds 456
Rhein Main Razorbacks 2311
Aschaffenburg Stallions 5
Landsberg Express 6
GFL ChampionsGFL Runners upDivisional championPlay-off participation

Divisional champions

This is a list of the winners of the regional divisions of the GFL. A record 14 divisional titles were won by the New Yorker Lions, while the Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns hold record for division titles in the south, nine. The Ansbach Grizzlies still have won the secondmost titles in the south, seven, despite not having competed in the league since 1990: [3]

YearNorthSouth
1979 Frankfurter Löwen
1980 Frankfurter Löwen Hanau Hawks
1981Frankfurter Löwen Ansbach Grizzlies
1982 Cologne Crocodiles Ansbach Grizzlies
1983 Düsseldorf Panther Ansbach Grizzlies
1984Düsseldorf PantherAnsbach Grizzlies
1985Düsseldorf PantherAnsbach Grizzlies
YearNorth ANorth BCentralSouth
1986Düsseldorf Panther Berlin Adler Badener Greifs Ansbach Grizzlies
1987Düsseldorf PantherBerlin AdlerBadener Greifs Noris Rams
YearNorth ANorth BSouth ASouth B
1988Düsseldorf PantherBerlin Adler Bad Homburg Falken Ansbach Grizzlies
1989 Red Barons Cologne Berlin AdlerBadener GreifsNoris Rams
1990Düsseldorf PantherBerlin AdlerBadener Greifs Munich Cowboys
YearNorthSouth
1991Berlin AdlerNoris Rams
1992Berlin AdlerMunich Cowboys
1993Cologne CrocodilesMunich Cowboys
1994Berlin AdlerMunich Cowboys
1995Düsseldorf PantherHanau Hawks
1996Düsseldorf PantherNoris Rams
1997 Hamburg Blue Devils Hanau Hawks
1998 Braunschweig Lions Stuttgart Scorpions
1999Braunschweig Lions Rüsselsheim Razorbacks
2000Cologne CrocodilesMunich Cowboys
2001Hamburg Blue DevilsMunich Cowboys
2002Braunschweig LionsRhein Main Razorbacks
2003Braunschweig LionsRhein Main Razorbacks
2004Braunschweig Lions Marburg Mercenaries
2005Braunschweig LionsMarburg Mercenaries
2006Braunschweig LionsMarburg Mercenaries
2007Braunschweig LionsStuttgart Scorpions
2008 Kiel Baltic Hurricanes Marburg Mercenaries
2009Berlin Adler Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns
2010Kiel Baltic HurricanesMarburg Mercenaries
2011Kiel Baltic HurricanesSchwäbisch Hall Unicorns
2012Kiel Baltic HurricanesSchwäbisch Hall Unicorns
2013 New Yorker LionsSchwäbisch Hall Unicorns
2014 New Yorker LionsSchwäbisch Hall Unicorns
2015 New Yorker LionsSchwäbisch Hall Unicorns
2016 New Yorker LionsSchwäbisch Hall Unicorns
2017 New Yorker LionsSchwäbisch Hall Unicorns
2018 New Yorker LionsSchwäbisch Hall Unicorns

European Football League participation

Since the inception of the Eurobowl in 1986, German clubs have taken part in the competition in most seasons. In most cases, the German Bowl winner of the previous season was qualified. In some seasons more than one German club took part in the competition. On ten occasions clubs from Germany have won the Eurobowl. The participations of German clubs at the European Football League and, since 2014, in the BIG6 European Football League: [23]

YearClubProgress
1986 Ansbach Grizzlies Lost QF: Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Birmingham Bulls (18–29)
1987not held
1988 Berlin Adler Lost SF: Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam Crusaders (28–29)
1989 Red Barons Cologne Lost SF: Flag of Italy.svg Legnano Frogs (15–49)
1990Berlin AdlerLost SF: Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Manchester Spartans (33–35)
1991Berlin AdlerLost EB: Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam Crusaders (20–21)
1992Berlin AdlerLost QF: Flag of Italy.svg Torino Giaguari (13–35)
1993 Düsseldorf Panther Lost Qual.: Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London Olympians (29–32)
1994 Munich Cowboys Lost SF: Flag of Italy.svg Bergamo Lions (18–25)
1995Düsseldorf PantherWon EB: Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London Olympians (21–14)
1996 Hamburg Blue Devils Won EB: Flag of France.svg Aix-en-Provence Argonautes (21–14)
Düsseldorf PantherLost QF: Flag of France.svg Aix-en-Provence Argonautes (27–28) a.e.t.
Berlin AdlerLost QF: Flag of Italy.svg Legnano Frogs (13–45)
1997Hamburg Blue DevilsWon EB: Flag of Italy.svg Phoenix Bologna (35–14)
1998Hamburg Blue DevilsWon EB: Flag of France.svg La Courneuve Flash (38–19)
Braunschweig Lions Lost SF: Flag of Germany.svg Hamburg Blue Devils (14–24)
1999Braunschweig LionsWon EB: Flag of Germany.svg Hamburg Blue Devils (27–23)
Hamburg Blue DevilsLost EB.: Flag of Germany.svg Braunschweig Lions (23–27)
Rüsselsheim Razorbacks Lost Qual.: Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Prague Panthers (21–26)
Cologne Crocodiles Lost Qual.: Flag of Italy.svg Bergamo Lions (17–41)
2000Hamburg Blue DevilsLost EB: Flag of Italy.svg Bergamo Lions (20–42)
Cologne CrocodilesLost SF: Flag of Italy.svg Bergamo Lions (56–62) a.e.t.
Braunschweig LionsLost QF: Flag of Germany.svg Cologne Crocodiles (15–24)
2001no participation
2002Braunschweig LionsLost EB: Flag of Italy.svg Bergamo Lions (20–27)
2003Braunschweig LionsWon EB: Flag of Austria.svg Chrysler Vikings Vienna (21–14)
2004no participation
2005no participation
2006Braunschweig LionsKnocked out in group stage
Hamburg Blue DevilsKnocked out in group stage
2007 Marburg Mercenaries Lost EB: Flag of Austria.svg Dodge Vikings Vienna (19–70)
2008 Stuttgart Scorpions Lost QF: Flag of Austria.svg Graz Giants (9–24)
2009Braunschweig LionsLost QF: Flag of Austria.svg Tirol Raiders (7–35)
Berlin AdlerKnocked out in group stage
2010Berlin AdlerWon EB: Flag of Austria.svg Vienna Vikings (34–31)
2011Berlin AdlerLost EB: Flag of Austria.svg Swarco Raiders Tirol (12-27)
Kiel Baltic Hurricanes Knocked out in group stage
2012Berlin AdlerLost SF: Flag of Austria.svg Vienna Vikings (7–34)
Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns Lost QF: Flag of Austria.svg Vienna Vikings (13–25)
2013Berlin AdlerLost SF: Flag of Austria.svg Vienna Vikings (17–41)
Schwäbisch Hall UnicornsLost QF: Flag of Switzerland.svg Calanda Broncos (28–42)
2014Berlin AdlerWon EB: Flag of Germany.svg New Yorker Lions (20–17)
Kiel Baltic HurricanesWon EFLB: Flag of Spain.svg Badalona Dracs (40–0)
New Yorker Lions Lost EB: Flag of Germany.svg Berlin Adler (17–20)
Dresden Monarchs Knocked out in group stage (Big6)
Cologne Falcons Knocked out in group stage (EFL)
Düsseldorf PantherKnocked out in group stage (EFL)
2015New Yorker LionsWon EB: Flag of Germany.svg Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns (24–14)
Kiel Baltic HurricanesWon EFLB: Flag of Germany.svg Allgäu Comets (49–28)
Schwäbisch Hall UnicornsLost EB: Flag of Germany.svg New Yorker Lions (14–24)
Allgäu CometsLost EFLB: Flag of Germany.svg Kiel Baltic Hurricanes (28–49)
Berlin AdlerKnocked out in group stage (Big6)
Marburg MercenariesKnocked out in group stage (EFL)
2016New Yorker LionsWon EB: Flag of Austria.svg Swarco Raiders Tirol (35–21)
Frankfurt Universe Won EFLB: Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam Crusaders (35–21)
Schwäbisch Hall UnicornsKnocked out in group stage (Big6)
Berlin AdlerKnocked out in group stage (Big6)
Kiel Baltic HurricanesKnocked out in group stage (EFL)
Hamburg Huskies Knocked out in group stage (EFL)
2017New Yorker LionsWon EB: Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt Universe (55–14)
Frankfurt UniverseLost EB: Flag of Germany.svg New Yorker Lions (14–55)
Berlin Rebels Knocked out in group stage (Big6)
Berlin AdlerKnocked out in group stage (EFL)
2018New Yorker LionsWon EB: Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt Universe (20–19)
Potsdam Royals Won EFLB: Flag of Italy.svg Milano Seamen (43–42)
Frankfurt UniverseLost EB: Flag of Germany.svg New Yorker Lions (19–20)

Related Research Articles

The Düsseldorf Panther are an American football team from Düsseldorf, Germany. The club is the oldest extant American football club in Europe, having been formed on 1 May 1978.

The Hamburg Blue Devils are an American football team in Hamburg, Germany. The Blue Devils are one of the most successful American football clubs in Germany, having won four German Bowls as well as three Eurobowls. During the late 1990s and early 2000s, the clubs rivalry with the Braunschweig Lions dominated the game in Germany, with the two sides meeting in six German Bowls between 1998 and 2005 as well as the 1999 Eurobowl.

Berlin Adler sports club

The Berlin Adler is an American football club based in Berlin, Germany. The club is one of the most successful clubs in the sport in Germany, having won six German Bowls as well as a ten Ladies Bowls and five Junior Bowls.

New Yorker Lions american football team from Germany

The New Yorker Lions are an American Football team from Braunschweig, Germany. Until late 2010, the team was known as the Braunschweig Lions.

Kiel Baltic Hurricanes sports club

The Kiel Baltic Hurricanes are an American football team based in Kiel, Germany.

The Ansbach Grizzlies are an American football team based in Ansbach, Germany. The club, together with the Düsseldorf Panther and the Munich Cowboys, is one of the oldest in Germany. The Grizzlies were a dominating force in the game during the first decade of American football in Germany, reaching all of the first eight German Bowls.

Munich Cowboys sports club

The Munich Cowboys are an American football team based in Munich, Germany. The club, together with the Düsseldorf Panther and the Ansbach Grizzlies, is one of the oldest in Germany. The team refers to itself as The Grand Old Team of the South.

Marburg Mercenaries American Football team of Marburg, Germany

The Marburg Mercenaries are an American football team from Marburg, Germany.

Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns

The Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns are an American football team from Schwäbisch Hall, Germany.

Dresden Monarchs sports club

The Dresden Monarchs are an American football team from Dresden, Germany. They have been a member of the first tier German Football League since 2002 and play in its Northern Division.

Cologne Crocodiles sports club

The Cologne Crocodiles are an American football team from Cologne, Germany.

The Berlin Rebels are an American football team from Berlin, Germany.

2015 German Football League German American football league season.

The 2015 German Football League season was the thirty seventh edition of the top-level American football competition in Germany and sixteenth since the renaming of the American football Bundesliga to German Football league.

2014 German Football League German American football league season

The 2014 German Football League season was the thirty sixth edition of the top-level American football competition in Germany and fifteenth since the renaming of the American football Bundesliga to German Football league.

2013 German Football League German American football league season.

The 2013 German Football League season was the thirty fifth edition of the top-level American football competition in Germany and fourteenth since the renaming of the American football Bundesliga to German Football league.

The 2016 German Football League season was the 38th edition of the top-level American football competition in Germany and seventeenth since the renaming of the American Football Bundesliga to German Football league.

The 2019 German Football League season is the 41st edition of the top-level American football competition in Germany.

References

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