Last updated
Hildesheim, Dom 20171201 001.jpg
Hildesheim Knochenhauer-HD.jpg
Roemer und Pelizaeus Museum.JPG
Kirchturm der St.-Mauritius-Kirche (Hildesheim) 2.jpg
Hildesheim-St. Andreas002.JPG
Kloster Marienrode.jpg
Hildesheim St MIchael von Andreas.jpg
Clockwise from top: St. Mary's Cathedral (UNESCO World Heritage Site), half-timbered houses at the Brühl street, St. Maurice Church on the Moritzberg, Marienrode Priory, St. Michael's Church (UNESCO World Heritage Site), St. Andrews Church, Roemer- und Pelizaeus-Museum and the Historic Market Place
Flagge Hildesheim.svg
Wappen Hildesheim.svg
Location of Hildesheim within Hildesheim district
Hildesheim in HI.svg
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Lower Saxony location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 52°09′N09°57′E / 52.150°N 9.950°E / 52.150; 9.950 Coordinates: 52°09′N09°57′E / 52.150°N 9.950°E / 52.150; 9.950
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Hildesheim
   Lord mayor (202126) Ingo Meyer [1] (Ind.)
  Total92.18 km2 (35.59 sq mi)
81 m (266 ft)
 (2020-12-31) [2]
  Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes 05121
Vehicle registration HI, ALF
Website www.hildesheim.de
St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Hildesheim Michaeliskirche 03.jpg
Ottonian architecture in St. Michael's Church
Criteria Cultural: i, ii, iii
Reference 187
Inscription1987 (11th Session)
Area0.58 ha
Buffer zone157.68 ha

Hildesheim ( [ˈhɪldəsˌhaɪ̯m] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Low German : Hilmessen, Hilmssen; Latin : Hildesia) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany with 101,693 inhabitants. [3] It is in the district of Hildesheim, about 30 km (19 mi) southeast of Hanover on the banks of the Innerste River, a small tributary of the Leine River.


The Holy Roman Emperor Louis the Pious founded the Bishopric of Hildesheim in 815 and created the first settlement with a chapel on the so called Domhügel.

Hildesheim is situated on autobahn route 7, and hence is at the connection point of the North (Hamburg and beyond) with the South of Europe.

With the Hildesheim Cathedral and the St. Michael's Church, Hildesheim became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

In 2015 the city and the diocese celebrated their 1200th anniversary.


Early years

The historic market square at night Hildesheim night.jpg
The historic market square at night

Hildesheim, one of the oldest cities in Northern Germany, became the seat of the Bishopric of Hildesheim in 815 and may have been founded when the bishop moved from Elze to the ford across the River Innerste, which was an important market on the Hellweg trade route. The settlement around the cathedral very quickly developed into a town and was granted market rights by King Otto III in 983. [4] Originally the market was held in a street called Alter Markt (Old Market) which still exists today. The first marketplace was laid out around the church St. Andreas. When the city grew further, a larger market place became necessary. The present market place of Hildesheim was laid out at the beginning of the 13th century when the city had about 5,000 inhabitants.

Middle ages

When Hildesheim obtained city status in 1249, it was one of the biggest cities in Northern Germany. [5] For four centuries the clergy ruled Hildesheim, before a town Hall was built and the citizens gained some influence and independence. Construction of the present Town Hall started in 1268. [6] In 1367 Hildesheim became a member of the Hanseatic League. A war between the citizens and their bishop cost dearly in 1519–23 when they engaged in a feud.

Reformation to 17th Century

Hildesheim became Lutheran in 1542, and only the cathedral and a few other buildings remained in Imperial (Roman Catholic) hands. Several villages around the city remained Roman Catholic as well.

During the Thirty Years' War, Hildesheim was besieged and occupied several times: in 1628 and 1632 by imperial troops; and in 1634 by troops from Brunswick and Lüneburg. [7]

19th century

In 1813, after the Napoleonic Wars, the town became part of the Kingdom of Hanover, which was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia as a province after the Austro-Prussian War in 1866. In 1868 a highly valuable trove of about 70 Roman silver vessels for eating and drinking, the so-called Hildesheim Treasure, was unearthed by Prussian soldiers.

Early 20th century and World War II

In the beginning of WWII, roundups of the Jewish population began, with hundreds of Hildesheim's Jews being deported to concentration camps. One of the town's own was Guy Stern. The city was heavily damaged by air raids in 1945, especially on 22 March. Although it had little military significance, two months before the end of the war in Europe the historic city was bombed as part of the Area Bombing Directive in order to undermine the morale of the German people. 28.5% of the houses were completely destroyed and 44.7% damaged. 26.8% of the houses remained undamaged. The centre, which had retained its medieval character until then, was almost levelled. The city as a whole was destroyed by 20 - 30%. [8] As in many cities, priority was given to rapid building of badly needed housing, and concrete structures took the place of the destroyed buildings. Most of the major churches, two of them now UNESCO World Heritage Sites, were rebuilt in the original style soon after the war. During the war, valuable world heritage materials had been hidden in the basement of the city wall.

Late 20th century and present

In 1978, the University of Hildesheim was founded. In the 1980s a reconstruction of the historic centre began. Some of the unattractive concrete buildings around the market place were torn down and replaced by replicas of the original buildings. In the autumn of 2007, a decision was made to reconstruct the Umgestülpter Zuckerhut (Upended Sugarloaf), an iconic half-timbered house famous for its unusual shape. In 2015 the city and the diocese celebrates their 1200 anniversary with the Day of Lower Saxony.


In 1542 most of the inhabitants became Lutherans. Today, 28.5% of the inhabitants identify themselves as Roman Catholics (Hildesheim Diocese) and 38.3% as Protestants (Evangelical Lutheran Church of Hanover). 33.0% of the inhabitants are adherents of other religions or do not have a religion at all. Up until 2015 the Serbian Orthodox Bishop of Germany had his seat in Himmelsthür (a locality of Hildesheim), before the seat moved to Frankfurt and, in 2018, to Düsseldorf.

Main sights

St. Michael's Church, UNESCO World Heritage St Michaels Church Hildesheim.jpg
St. Michael's Church, UNESCO World Heritage
Bakers' Guild Hall and Butchers' Guild Hall in the Market Place Casa Gremial.jpg
Bakers' Guild Hall and Butchers' Guild Hall in the Market Place
Historic Market Place with City Hall and market fountain PrefeituraHi 002.jpg
Historic Market Place with City Hall and market fountain
Saint Michael's Church and the tower of St. Andreas seen from St. Magdalena's Garden MichaeliskircheMagdalenengarten.jpg
Saint Michael's Church and the tower of St. Andreas seen from St. Magdalena's Garden
Tempelhaus in the historic Market Place PrefeituraHi 049.jpg
Tempelhaus in the historic Market Place
The Wernersches House (1606) is a half-timbered house with wood carvings in its facade. Hildesheim Wernersches Haus 403-vtmd.jpg
The Wernersches House (1606) is a half-timbered house with wood carvings in its façade.
Half-timbered houses in Lappenberg Street LappenBerg.jpg
Half-timbered houses in Lappenberg Street
Tower Kehrwiederturm (14th century) AmKehrwieder.jpg
Tower Kehrwiederturm (14th century)
Marienrode Priory Hildesheim-Marienrode Klosterkirche Teich.jpg
Marienrode Priory
Renaissance bay window in Alter Markt Street ErkerAlterMarkt.jpg
Renaissance bay window in Alter Markt Street
River Innerste and Saint Magdalena's Church 20.4.09.Innerste.jpg
River Innerste and Saint Magdalena's Church
Baroque park Magdalenengarten Magdalenengarten5.jpg
Baroque park Magdalenengarten
Vineyard in Magdalenengarten MagdalenengartenWeinberg.jpg
Vineyard in Magdalenengarten
Alte Kemenate, a medieval store house (15th century) HiKemenate.jpg
Alte Kemenate, a medieval store house (15th century)
St. Magdalena's Church Dom 096.jpg
St. Magdalena's Church
Half-timbered house (1981) built on the medieval city wall in Muhlenstrasse HiMuehlenstrasse.jpg
Half-timbered house (1981) built on the medieval city wall in Mühlenstraße

Other places of interest include the theatre, offering opera, operetta and musicals, drama, ballet and concerts.



Population history

On 31 Dec 2017 Hildesheim had 103,970 inhabitants. [12]

Historical population

Largest minority groups

The following list shows the largest foreign groups in the city of Hildesheim as of 2013: [13]

RankNationalityPopulation (2016)
1Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 2,395
2Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 764
3Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 474
4Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 442
5Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 299
6Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 268
7Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 254
8Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 243

List of mayors of Hildesheim

Twin towns – sister cities

Hildesheim is twinned with: [14]

Events of international interest


Hildesheim is home to notable multinational corporations – besides many strong medium-sized companies – including Bosch, Fairchild and Coca-Cola. Blaupunkt went bankrupt and Krupp&Thyssen merged to become KSM Castings Group, which went bankrupt at the end of 2020.


Hildesheim has an efficient traffic infrastructure: it is a regional hub for national roads and railway (Hildesheim Hauptbahnhof is served by InterCityExpress services), is connected to the motorway (Autobahn), has a harbour on the Mittellandkanal (canal) and Hildesheim Betriebsgesellschaft Airfield.


There are many secondary schools (Gymnasiums, comprehensive schools and subject-specific secondary schools): Gymnasium Andreanum, Gymnasium Marienschule, Gymnasium Josephinum Hildesheim, Scharnhorstgymnasium Hildesheim, Goethegymnasium Hildesheim, Michelsenschule, Gymnasium Himmelsthür. Further: Freie Waldorfschule Hildesheim, Robert-Bosch-Gesamtschule. Friedrich-List-Schule (Fachgymnasium Wirtschaft), Herman-Nohl-Schule (Fachgymnasium Gesundheit und Soziales), Walter-Gropius-Schule (Berufsbildende Schule), Werner-von-Siemens-Schule (Fachgymnasium Technik), Elisabeth-von-Rantzau-Schule (Fachakademie für Sozialmanagement).

Tertiary Education can be achieved at the University of Hildesheim or Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaft und Kunst (HAWK), a co-operation with the cities of Holzminden and Göttingen.


The community has the headquarters of the Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Frankfurt and all of Germany. [15]

Notable people


Ludolf van Ceulen Ludolf van Ceulen.jpeg
Ludolf van Ceulen
Adolf Hurwitz Adolf Hurwitz.jpg
Adolf Hurwitz


Ferdinand von Roemer Ferdinand Roemer 2.jpg
Ferdinand von Roemer

See also

Related Research Articles

Herford Town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Herford is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the lowlands between the hill chains of the Wiehen Hills and the Teutoburg Forest. It is the capital of the district of Herford.

Dassel Town in Lower Saxony, Germany

Dassel is a town in southern Lower Saxony, Germany, located in the district Northeim. It is located near the hills of the Solling mountains.

Straubing Town in Bavaria, Germany

Straubing is an independent city in Lower Bavaria, southern Germany. It is seat of the district of Straubing-Bogen. Annually in August the Gäubodenvolksfest, the second largest fair in Bavaria, is held.

Mainz Cathedral Cathedral in Mainz, Germany

Mainz Cathedral or St. Martin's Cathedral is located near the historical center and pedestrianized market square of the city of Mainz, Germany. This 1000-year-old Roman Catholic cathedral is the site of the episcopal see of the Bishop of Mainz.

Altstadt (Frankfurt am Main) Quarter of Frankfurt am Main in Hesse, Germany

The Altstadt is a quarter (Stadtteil) of Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It is part of the Ortsbezirk Innenstadt I.

Hildesheim Cathedral Church in Hildesheim, Germany

Hildesheim Cathedral, officially the Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary or simply St. Mary's Cathedral, is a medieval Roman Catholic cathedral in the city centre of Hildesheim, Germany, that serves as the seat of the Diocese of Hildesheim. The cathedral has been on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list since 1985, together with the nearby St. Michael's Church because of its unique art and outstanding Romanesque architecture.

St. Andreas, Hildesheim Church in Hildesheim, Germany

The church of St. Andreas is the principal Lutheran church of Hildesheim, Germany, not to be confounded with the Catholic Hildesheim Cathedral. Its tower is 114.5 metres (376 ft) tall, making it the tallest church tower in Lower Saxony; it is accessible and offers a panoramic view of both the city and surrounding countryside.

Architecture of Germany Overview of the architecture of Germany

The architecture of Germany has a long, rich and diverse history. Every major European style from Roman to Postmodern is represented, including renowned examples of Carolingian, Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Modern and International Style architecture.

Historic Market Place, Hildesheim

The Historic Market Place is a historical structure in the city of Hildesheim in Lower Saxony, Germany

Butchers Guild Hall, Hildesheim

The Butchers' Guild Hall is a half-timbered house in Hildesheim in the federal state of Lower Saxony, Germany.

Marienburg Castle (Hildesheim)

Marienburg Castle is a well-preserved Romanesque castle in Hildesheim, a city in Lower Saxony, Germany.

Steuerwald Castle

Steuerwald Castle is a Romanesque castle in Hildesheim, a city in Lower Saxony, Germany.

St. Bernward's Church is a Catholic church in the city of Hildesheim in Lower Saxony, Germany. The name refers to the bishop Bernward of Hildesheim (960-1022) who was canonized by Pope Celestine III.

St. Nicholas Chapel, Hildesheim Church building in Hildesheim, Germany

St. Nicholas' Chapel is a former Roman Catholic parish church in the city of Hildesheim in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is dedicated to Saint Nicholas and is located in the southern part of the old city centre, opposite St. Godehard.

Moritzberg (Hildesheim)

Moritzberg is a quarter in the city of Hildesheim in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is on a hill in the west of the city, about a mile from the Cathedral. It was an independent market town until 1911.

Hospital of the Five Wounds, Hildesheim

The Hospital of the Five Wounds is a half-timbered house in the city of Hildesheim in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is in the southern part of the old city center, opposite St. Godehard and behind St. Nicolai's Chapel.

Gelber Stern (Hildesheim)

Gelber Stern is a historic street in Hildesheim, a city in Lower Saxony in Germany.

Hezilo chandelier

The Hezilo chandelier is an 11th-century Romanesque wheel chandelier. It is part of the treasures of the Hildesheim Cathedral in Hildesheim, Germany, which has been a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site since 1985. The chandelier was most likely commissioned by Bishop Hezilo of Hildesheim, who rebuilt the cathedral after a fire. He probably also influenced the program of imagery and inscriptions. It is the largest of four extant wheel chandeliers of the period; the others surviving examples are the Azelin chandelier, the Barbarossa chandelier in the Aachen Cathedral, and the Hartwig chandelier in the Abbey of Comburg.

St. Godehard, Hildesheim Church

St. Godehard is a Romanesque church in Hildesheim, Germany, formerly the church of a Benedictine abbey. It remained almost unaltered through the centuries and was not damaged much in World War II. In 1963, it was awarded the title of a Basilica minor by Pope Paul VI. It is a church of the Catholic parish Heilig Kreuz. The basilica has served as the "cathedral" of the bishop of Hildesheim from 1945 to 1960, when the Hildesheim Cathedral was destroyed and rebuilt, and from 2010, when restoration of the cathedral began. The Hezilo chandelier was installed in St. Godehard during the restoration time.

The architecture of Switzerland was influenced by its location astride major trade routes, along with diverse architectural traditions of the four national languages. Romans and later Italians brought their monumental and vernacular architecture north over the Alps, meeting the Germanic and German styles coming south and French influences coming east. Additionally, Swiss mercenary service brought architectural elements from other lands back to Switzerland. All the major styles including ancient Roman, Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Neoclassical, Art Nouveau, Modern architecture and Post Modern are well represented throughout the country. The founding of the Congrès International d'Architecture Moderne in La Sarraz and the work of Swiss-born modern architects such as Le Corbusier helped spread Modern architecture throughout the world.


  1. "Direktwahlen in Niedersachsen vom 12. September 2021" (PDF). Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen. 13 October 2021.
  2. Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, LSN-Online Regionaldatenbank, Tabelle A100001G: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2020.
  3. https://www.hildesheim.de/pics/verwaltung/1_1549983673/Bevoelkerung_der_Stadt_Hildesheim_HW_31.12.2019.pdf [ dead link ]
  4. Neigenfind, W.: Unsere schöne Stadt, p.46. Hildesheim 1964.
  5. Neigenfind, W.: Unsere schöne Stadt, p.38. Hildesheim 1964.
  6. Borck, Heinz-Günther: Der Marktplatz zu Hildesheim, p.24. Hildesheim 1989.
  7. Gerhard Schön, Deutscher Münzkatalog 18. Jahrhundert, Hildesheim Stadt, Nr. 17
  8. http://archiv.nationalatlas.de/wp-content/art_pdf/Band5_88-91_archiv.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  9. Segers-Glocke, Christiane: Baudenkmale in Niedersachsen, Band 14.1. - Hildesheim, p.109. Hameln 2007.
  10. Segers-Glocke, Christiane: Baudenkmale in Niedersachsen, Band 14.1. - Hildesheim, p.108. Hameln 2007.
  11. Stadtgeschichte auf dem Hinterhof. - Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung, 23 June 2009, p.9.
  12. "Fläche und Bevölkerung".
  13. "Stadt Hildesheim Statistische Daten 2014" (PDF). Stadt Hildesheim. Retrieved 2015-07-13.[ permanent dead link ]
  14. "Partnerstädte". hildesheim.de (in German). Hildesheim. Archived from the original on 2021-01-21. Retrieved 2021-02-15.
  15. "Kontakdaten Archived 2012-03-10 at the Wayback Machine ." Diocese of Central Europe. Retrieved on 27 February 2011. "Obere Dorfstr. 12 D - 31137 Hildesheim-Himmelsthür"