Regionalliga Nordost

Last updated
Regionalliga Nordost
REGIONALLIGA NORDOST.svg
Founded1994 (disbanded in 2000
and reformed in 2012)
CountryGermany
State
  • Berlin
  • Brandenburg
  • Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
  • Saxony-Anhalt
  • Saxony
  • Thuringia
Confederation North East German Football Association
Number of teams18
Level on pyramid Level 4
Promotion to 3. Liga
Relegation to
Current champions Chemnitzer FC
(2018–19)
Soccerball current event.svg 2019–20 Regionalliga Nordost

The Regionalliga Nordost is the fourth tier of German football in the states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony and Thuringia. These comprise the states of former East Germany as well as West Berlin.

Contents

It is one of five leagues at the fourth tier, together with the Regionalliga Bayern, Regionalliga Südwest, Regionalliga Nord and the Regionalliga West. From 1994 to 2000 it was part of the third tier, until the first of many re-structurings of the league system. The last of these occurred in 2012, which saw the Regionalliga Nordost reinstated.

Overview

The Regionalliga Nordost was formed in 1994 to form a regional third level of play between the 2nd Bundesliga and the NOFV-Oberligas Nord, Mitte and Süd. The league was made up of 18 clubs, with two coming from the 2nd Bundesliga and six each from Mitte and Nord while the south only sent four. It was formed alongside three other Regionalligas, the Regionalliga Nord, West/Südwest and Süd. With the introduction of the Regionalliga also went the disbanding of the central division of the NOFV-Oberligas. Its clubs were spread between the remaining two.

The founding members of the Regionalliga Nordost were:

From the 2. Bundesliga:

From the NOFV-Oberliga Nord:

From the NOFV-Oberliga Mitte:

From the NOFV-Oberliga Süd:

The league contained 18 teams throughout its original six years.

The league winner was not always promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga. The champions of the Regionalligas Nord and Nordost had to play-off for a spot in the 2nd Bundesliga from 1996 to 2000. The winner of this contest was promoted, the loser faced the runners-ups of the Regionalligas Süd and West/Südwest for another spot in the second division.

In 1997, Energie Cottbus became the first club from the Regionalliga to reach a German Cup final, losing 2-0 to VfB Stuttgart.

The league was disbanded after six seasons. In 2000, the number of Regionalligas was reduced from four to two. Most clubs from the league went to the Regionalliga Nord, some clubs from the south went to the Regionalliga Süd.

The Regionalligas from 2012 onwards. Regionalliga-Staffeln ab 2012-13.png
The Regionalligas from 2012 onwards.

With the changes in the German league system in 2008, the number of Regionalligas was extended to three, with the formation of the Regionalliga West, a league which essentially is a reformation of the Regionalliga West/Südwest. The Regionalliga Nordost was not recreated, however. Instead, its clubs remained in the Regionalliga Nord. Teams from its region playing in the Regionalliga Süd moved to the northern group as well, unless they qualified for the 2nd Bundesliga or 3rd Liga.

Disbanding

When the league was discontinued in 2000, the top seven clubs in the league went to the two remaining Regionalligas, five to the north and two to the south, these being the two clubs from the state of Thuringia. The other eleven league teams were relegated to the NOFV-Oberligas.

To the Regionalliga Nord:

To the Regionalliga Süd:

Reestablishment

In October 2010, another reform of the Regionalligas was agreed. The number of leagues was again expanded to five. The defunct Regionalliga Nordost was reestablished and a Regionalliga Bayern was established. Also, the Regionalliga West lost the clubs from the south west to a new league, formed out of those clubs and clubs from Regionalliga Süd outside Bavaria. The new system came into operation at the beginning of the 2012–13 season. The number of reserve teams per Regionalliga was limited to seven. [1]

The five league champions, plus the runner-up of the Regionalliga Süd/Südwest, entered play-offs for the three promotion spots. The new leagues consisted of up to 22 clubs in their inaugural season, but were then reduced to between 16 and 18 clubs. The Regionalligas are not administrated by the DFB, but rather by the regional football associations. The reorganisation of the Regionalligas, so soon after the last changes in 2008, became necessary because of a large number of insolvencies. These were caused by a lack of media interest in the leagues, large expenses and infrastructure demands. [2]

As four teams were relegated from the 3rd Liga starting at the end of the 2018–19 season, the champions of the Regionalliga Nordost (Chemnitzer FC), the Regionalliga Südwest and the Regionalliga West were promoted directly to the 3. Liga. [3] The remaining two champions, from the Regionalliga Bayern and Nord, played a two-legged promotion play-off for the last promotion spot. In 2020, the three direct promotion spots will go to the champions of the Regionalliga Südwest, Regionalliga Bayern and Regionalliga Nord, and the champions of the Regionalliga Nordost and Regionalliga West will participate in the play-off. This format was installed initially as a temporary solution until the DFB-Bundestag was unsuccessful on a format that could have enabled all Regionalliga champions to be promoted. [4] In September 2019, the Bundestag delegates voted to grant the Südwest and West champions two direct promotions indefinitely starting in 2021. A third direct promotion place will be assigned according to a rotation principle among the Regionalliga Nord, Nordost and Bavarian champions. The representatives from the two remaining Regionalligen will determine the fourth promoted club in two-legged playoffs. [5]

Overview of football in the Nordost region

Pre–19901990–19911991–19941994–20002000–20082008–2012Since 2012
Tier 1 DDR-Oberliga NOFV-Oberliga Bundesliga
Tier 2 DDR-Liga NOFV-Liga 2. Bundesliga
Tier 3 Bezirksliga NOFV-Oberliga Nord
NOFV-Oberliga Mitte
NOFV-Oberliga Süd
Regionalliga Nordost Regionalliga Nord
Regionalliga Süd
3. Liga
Tier 4 Landesliga
Verbandsliga
NOFV-Oberliga Nord
NOFV-Oberliga Süd
Regionalliga Nord Regionalliga Nordost
Tier 5 Landesliga
Verbandsliga
NOFV-Oberliga Nord
NOFV-Oberliga Süd

Winners and runners-up of the Regionalliga Nordost

The winners and runners-up of the league:

SeasonWinnerRunner-Up
1994–95 Carl Zeiss Jena Sachsen Leipzig
1995–96 Tennis Borussia Berlin Union Berlin
1996–97 Energie Cottbus Erzgebirge Aue
1997–98 Tennis Borussia Berlin Dynamo Dresden
1998–99 Chemnitzer FC VfB Leipzig
1999–2000Union Berlin Dresdner SC
2012–13 RB Leipzig Carl Zeiss Jena
2013–14 TSG Neustrelitz 1. FC Magdeburg
2014–15 1. FC Magdeburg FSV Zwickau
2015–16FSV Zwickau Berliner AK 07
2016–17Carl Zeiss JenaEnergie Cottbus
2017–18Energie Cottbus Wacker Nordhausen
2018–19Chemnitzer FCBerliner AK 07

Source: "Regionalliga Nordost". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 19 March 2008.

League statistics

The top goalscorers and spectator statistics for the league since it reformed in 2012:

SeasonTotal
attendance
Average
attendance
Best supported clubAverage
attendance
Top goalscorerGoals
201213 434,272 [6] 1,809 RB Leipzig 7,563 Daniel Frahn (RBL) [7] 20
2013–14 369,841 [8] 1,541 1. FC Magdeburg 5,482 Christian Beck (FCM) [9] 22
2014–15 404,920 [10] 1,6941. FC Magdeburg8,576Christian Beck (FCM) [11] 20
2015–16 296,828 [12] 970 Carl Zeiss Jena 3,531 Jonas Nietfeld (FSV)15
2016–17 393,375 [14] 1,286 Energie Cottbus 5,433 Federico Palacios Martínez (RB2) [15] 22
2017–18 363,472 [16] 1,188Energie Cottbus5,263 Rufat Dadashov (BFC) [17] 26
2018–19 355,121 [18] 1,161 Chemnitzer FC 4,885Daniel Frahn (CFC) [19] 24
League record

Placings in the Regionalliga Nordost

The following clubs have played in the league and achieved the following final positions:

Club 95 96 97 98 99 00 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
RB Leipzig 13L2B2BBBBB
1. FC Union Berlin 3256612B2B2B2B2B2B2BB
Erzgebirge Aue 9527732B2B2B3L2B2B2B2B
Dynamo Dresden B4721182B2B3L3L2B2B2B2B
1. FC Magdeburg 123106213L3L3L2B3L
FSV Zwickau 2B2B2B2B41836213L3L3L3L
Carl Zeiss Jena 12B2B2B94234713L3L3L
Chemnitzer FC 2B2B4812B3L3L3L3L3L3L13L
Energie Cottbus 7312B2B2B2B2B3L3L213Lx
Berliner AK 07 41172632x
FSV Wacker 90 Nordhausen 111217533723x
Hertha BSC II 131811512610984x
Rot-Weiß Erfurt 57351073L3L3L3L3L3L5x
1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig 2B2B2B2B2910151066x
SV Babelsberg 03 141553L14116557x
Germania Halberstadt 91391778x
VfB Auerbach 14712912119x
ZFC Meuselwitz 7101414141010x
FC Viktoria 1889 Berlin 8151241311x
BFC Dynamo 111313118175415412x
FSV Union Fürstenwalde 13913x
VSG Altglienicke 1514x
Bischofswerdaer FV 08 121616x
FSV Optik Rathenow 151711161817x
BSG Chemie Leipzig 16x
SV Lichtenberg x
FC Oberlausitz Neugersdorf 581215
FSV Budissa Bautzen 1313171418
TSG Neustrelitz 81881817
FSV 63 Luckenwalde 161618
RB Leipzig II 1113
FC Schönberg 95 21511
Union Berlin II 312410
VFC Plauen 4101051313916
Energie Cottbus II 15
Torgelower SV Greif 16
Tennis Borussia Berlin 41612B2B
Dresdner SC 132
Sachsen Leipzig 2694146
Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl 814831712
VfL Halle 1896 14
Tennis Borussia Berlin II 15
Lok Altmark Stendal 1681191216
Spandauer SV 1410161316
SD Croatia Berlin 18
Hertha Zehlendorf 10121515
Reinickendorfer Füchse 691416
Hansa Rostock II 18
SC Charlottenburg 17
FSV Velten 1518
BSV Stahl Brandeburg 17
Türkiyemspor Berlin 18

Key

SymbolKey
B Bundesliga
2B 2. Bundesliga
3L 3. Liga
1League champions
PlaceLeague
BlankPlayed at a league level below this league
RLPlayed in one of the other Regionalligas

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Sources