Cypriot First Division

Last updated

Cyta Championship
Cyta Championship Logo.png
Founded1934;86 years ago (1934)
CountryCyprus
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams14
Level on pyramid1
Relegation to Cypriot Second Division
Domestic cup(s) Cypriot Cup
Cypriot Super Cup
International cup(s) UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current champions APOEL (28th title)
(2018–19)
Most championships APOEL
(28 titles)
Top goalscorer Flag of Cyprus.svg Sotiris Kaiafas (1967–1984)
(261 goals)
TV partners CytaVision
PrimeTel
Cablenet
Website CFA
Soccerball current event.svg 2019–20 Cypriot First Division

The Cypriot First Division (Greek : Πρωτάθλημα Α΄ Κατηγορίας); is the top tier football league competition in Cyprus, run by the Cyprus Football Association. Since February 2016, it is sponsored by Cyta and thus officially known as Cyta Championship. [1] The league is contested by 12 teams and runs from August to May, with the three lowest-placed teams relegated to the Cypriot Second Division and replaced by the top three teams in that division. At the seasons 2018–19 and 2019–20, the league will be contested by 12 teams and will also be run from August to May, with the two lowest-placed teams relegated to the Cypriot Second Division and replaced by the top two teams in that division.

Contents

History

Football was introduced to Cyprus early in the 20th century by the British. Initially played in the island's schools, it proved hugely popular and a number of clubs were duly formed.

Since 1911, when Anorthosis Famagusta FC was founded, many clubs were established and in 1932 the Cypriot Championship began annually at first unofficially. Every season, the championship was organized by a different football club which caused some conflicts between some of the teams.

As football became more established, the clubs were united in agreeing that an official body was needed to regulate the sport. And in September 1934, the Cyprus Football Association (CFA) was formed and the Cypriot Championship and Cup began to take place annually. [2] The first Champions of Cyprus were Trust in 1935 but the club folded three years later. The 1930s were dominated by APOEL, who won five championship in a row until 1940. Like other Championships in the World, the Cypriot Championship was interrupted, due to World War II from 1941 until 1945.[ citation needed ]

The Cypriot Championship unification, lasted for only two seasons. In 1955, Çetinkaya Türk S.K., who had been the only Turkish Cypriot team playing in the Cypriot First Division since 1934–35, withdrew from the Championship and with other Turkish Cypriot teams, established the Cyprus Turkish Football Federation, with its own competitions. The reason behind this was political, as the Turkish Cypriot leadership were supporting the partition of the island. However, this Federation was never recognized and no team of that federation could play in international competitions.

The independence of Cyprus in 1960, was followed by full membership for the Cyprus Football Association to UEFA in 1962. From 1963, the champions of the Cyprus, could compete in the European Champions Cup and the Cup winners in the European Cup Winners Cup. Since 1971, the runners up in the Greek Cypriot First Division can compete in the UEFA Cup. From 1967 until 1974, the Greek Cypriot Champions were promoted to the Greek First National Division. Greek Cypriot teams were relegated every season from the Alpha Ethniki, apart from 1974, when APOEL managed to remain in the Greek Championship which meant that Cyprus would have two teams in Alpha Ethniki. However, due to the Turkish invasion of Cyprus that year, APOEL and Omonia (the champion of Cyprus for 1974) withdrew from the League.[ citation needed ]

Format

Current format

As of the 2017/18 season, 12 clubs compete in the league. Each club plays the other sides twice, for a total of 22 games for each club. The bottom two teams (of the first round) are relegated directly to the Second Division. In the second round the teams ranked 1-6 play off for the title and European places, and teams finishing 7-12 play each other to avoid an additional relegation place. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. The league champions qualify for the UEFA Champions League. The runner-up and third placed team in the league enters the UEFA Europa League. If the cup winners finish in the regular European places, the fourth placed team of the league are granted a UEFA Europa League berth. [3]

Previous formats

From 2007–08 until 2012–13 season, in the second round the first 12 (out of 14) teams were separated into three groups of four teams according to their position at the end of the first round. For the 2013–14 season, in the second round the first 12 (out of 14) teams were separated into two groups of six teams according to their position at the end of the first round. The last two teams of the first round were relegated directly to the B1 Division and the bottom two teams of the relegation group also. The points from the first round were carried to the second round and the teams played each other twice.[ citation needed ]

Points system

The points system of the Cypriot First Division changed three times during the years:

  1. From 1934–35 until 1959–60 season, teams were awarded two points for a win, one point for a draw and zero points for a defeat. [4]
  2. From 1960–61 until 1969–70 season, teams were awarded three points for a win, two points for a draw and one point for a defeat. [4]
  3. From 1970–71 until 1990–91 season, teams were awarded two points for a win, one point for a draw and zero points for a defeat. [5]
  4. Since 1991–92 season (until present time), teams are awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and zero points for a defeat. [6]

2019–20 Clubs

Map

Cyprus location map.svg
Red pog.svg
ENP
Locations of the 2019–20 Cypriot First Division teams.
ClubLocation2018–19 season
AEK Larnaca Larnaca 2nd
AEL Limassol Limassol 4th
Anorthosis Larnaca 7th
APOEL Nicosia 1st
Apollon Limassol Limassol 3rd
Doxa Katokopias Katokopia 9th
Enosis Neon Paralimni Paralimni 10th
Ethnikos Achna Achna 2D, 1st
Nea Salamis Famagusta Larnaca 5th
Olympiakos Nicosia Nicosia 2D, 2nd
Omonia Nicosia 6th
Pafos FC Paphos 8th

Champions

SeasonWinners [7] [8]
(number of titles)
Runners-up
1934–35 Trust (1) Çetinkaya Türk
1935–36 APOEL (1) Trust
1936–37 APOEL (2) Trust
1937–38 APOEL (3) Trust
1938–39 APOEL (4) EPA Larnaca
1939–40 APOEL (5) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1940–41 AEL Limassol (1) APOEL
1941–44
Suspended due to World War II
1944–45 EPA Larnaca (1) APOEL
1945–46 EPA Larnaca (2) APOEL
1946–47 APOEL (6) EPA Larnaca
1947–48 APOEL (7) AEL Limassol
1948–49 APOEL (8) Anorthosis Famagusta
1949–50 Anorthosis Famagusta (1) EPA Larnaca
1950–51 Çetinkaya Türk (1) APOEL
1951–52 APOEL (9) EPA Larnaca
1952–53 AEL Limassol (2) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1953–54 Pezoporikos Larnaca (1) APOEL
1954–55 AEL Limassol (3) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1955–56 AEL Limassol (4) APOEL
1956–57 Anorthosis Famagusta (2) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1957–58 Anorthosis Famagusta (3) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1958–59
Not Held
1959–60 Anorthosis Famagusta (4) Omonia
1960–61 Omonia (1) Anorthosis Famagusta
1961–62 Anorthosis Famagusta (5) Omonia
1962–63 Anorthosis Famagusta (6) APOEL
1963–64
Championship Abandoned
1964–65 APOEL (10) Olympiakos Nicosia
1965–66 Omonia (2) Olympiakos Nicosia
1966–67 Olympiakos Nicosia (1) APOEL
1967–68 AEL Limassol (5) Omonia
1968–69 Olympiakos Nicosia (2) Omonia
1969–70 EPA Larnaca (3) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1970–71 Olympiakos Nicosia (3) Digenis Morphou
1971–72 Omonia (3) EPA Larnaca
1972–73 APOEL (11) Olympiakos Nicosia
1973–74 Omonia (4) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1974–75 Omonia (5) Enosis Neon Paralimni
1975–76 Omonia (6) APOEL
1976–77 Omonia (7) APOEL
1977–78 Omonia (8) APOEL
1978–79 Omonia (9) APOEL
1979–80 APOEL (12) Omonia
1980–81 Omonia (10) APOEL
1981–82 Omonia (11) Pezoporikos Larnaca
1982–83 Omonia (12) Anorthosis Famagusta
1983–84 Omonia (13) Apollon Limassol
1984–85 Omonia (14) APOEL
1985–86 APOEL (13) Omonia
1986–87 Omonia (15) APOEL
1987–88 Pezoporikos Larnaca (2) APOEL
1988–89 Omonia (16) Apollon Limassol
1989–90 APOEL (14) Omonia
1990–91 Apollon Limassol (1) Anorthosis Famagusta
1991–92 APOEL (15) Anorthosis Famagusta
1992–93 Omonia (17) Apollon Limassol
1993–94 Apollon Limassol (2) Anorthosis Famagusta
1994–95 Anorthosis Famagusta (7) Omonia
1995–96 APOEL (16) Anorthosis Famagusta
1996–97 Anorthosis Famagusta (8) Apollon Limassol
1997–98 Anorthosis Famagusta (9) Omonia
1998–99 Anorthosis Famagusta (10) Omonia
1999–2000 Anorthosis Famagusta (11) Omonia
2000–01 Omonia (18) Olympiakos Nicosia
2001–02 APOEL (17) Anorthosis Famagusta
2002–03 Omonia (19) Anorthosis Famagusta
2003–04 APOEL (18) Omonia
2004–05 Anorthosis Famagusta (12) APOEL
2005–06 Apollon Limassol (3) Omonia
2006–07 APOEL (19) Omonia
2007–08 Anorthosis Famagusta (13) APOEL
2008–09 APOEL (20) Omonia
2009–10 Omonia (20) APOEL
2010–11 APOEL (21) Omonia
2011–12 AEL Limassol (6) APOEL
2012–13 APOEL (22) Anorthosis Famagusta
2013–14 APOEL (23) AEL Limassol
2014–15 APOEL (24) AEK Larnaca
2015–16 APOEL (25) AEK Larnaca
2016–17 APOEL (26) AEK Larnaca
2017–18 APOEL (27) Apollon Limassol
2018–19 APOEL (28) AEK Larnaca
2019–20
Championship Abandoned due to COVID-19 pandemic

Performances

Performance by club

ClubWinnersRunners-upWinning seasons
APOEL 2820 1935–36, 1936–37, 1937–38, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1951–52, 1964–65, 1972–73, 1979–80, 1985–86, 1989–90, 1991–92, 1995–96, 2001–02, 2003–04, 2006–07, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19
Omonia 2016 1960–61, 1965–66, 1971–72, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1984–85, 1986–87, 1988–89, 1992–93, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2009–10
Anorthosis 1310 1949–50, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1959–60, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1994–95, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2004–05, 2007–08
AEL Limassol 62 1940–41, 1952–53, 1954–55, 1955–56, 1967–68, 2011–12
Apollon Limassol 35 1990–91, 1993–94, 2005–06
EPA Larnaca 35 1944–45, 1945–46, 1969–70
Olympiakos Nicosia 34 1966–67, 1968–69, 1970–71
Pezoporikos Larnaca 28 1953–54, 1987–88
Trust 13 1934–35
Çetinkaya Türk 11 1950–51
AEK Larnaca 4
Digenis Morphou 1
Enosis Neon Paralimni 1

Appearances in the top division

The below table indicates the total number of seasons each club has participated in the Cypriot First Division, up to the 2019/20 season: [9]

TeamParticipations
APOEL Nicosia 79
AEL Limassol 78
Anorthosis Famagusta 74
Olympiakos Nicosia 68
Omonia Nicosia 64
Apollon Limassol 61
Nea Salamina Famagusta 58
Aris Limassol 53
EPA Larnaca 50
Pezoporikos Larnaca 49
Enosis Neon Paralimni 48
TeamParticipations
Alki Larnaca 43
Ethnikos Achna 32
AEK Larnaca 25
APOP Paphos 19
Evagoras Paphos 18
Çetinkaya Türk 18
Doxa Katokopias 16
Digenis Akritas Morphou 15
Ermis Aradippou 13
Omonia Aradippou 13
AYMA 11
TeamParticipations
AEP Paphos 10
ASIL Lysi 8
Anagennisi Dherynia 7
APEP Pitsilia 7
APOP Kinyras Pegeia 5
Keravnos Strovolou 4
Orfeas Nicosia 4
Trast AC 4
Ayia Napa 4
Pafos FC 4
TeamParticipations
Ethnikos Assia 3
Alki Oroklini 2
Chalkanoras Idaliou 2
AEK Kouklia 1
Atromitos Yeroskipou 1
THOI Lakatamia 1
Onisilos Sotira 1
Othellos Athienou 1
AEZ Zakakiou 1
Karmiotissa Pano Polemidion 1

All-time Cypriot First Division table (1934–35 until 2017–18)

The All-time Cypriot First Division table is a ranking of all Cypriot football clubs based on their performance in the Cypriot First Division. [10] The points are the sum of the points of all seasons, despite the point system of the season. The 1963–64 Cypriot First Division season is not included because the championship was abandoned.

RankClubSsnPointsGPWD.L.GF.GA.GD.
1 APOEL FC 77322717851072382331400117872072
2 AC Omonia 62302116281005331292353615521984
3 Anorthosis Famagusta FC 7229101777896447434321820441175
4 Apollon Limassol 592468158972241545226911946745
5 AEL Limassol 772435179174044061129222486436
6 Nea Salamis Famagusta FC 561790146749038159620262224-198
7 Olympiakos Nicosia 671688150149636064522432775-532
8 Enosis Neon Paralimni FC 461459125342636546216631699-36
9 Pezoporikos Larnaca FC 491432106244431830017191326393
10 Aris Limassol FC 531287131132932465816682648-980
11 EPA Larnaca FC 501222105236227741315701641-71
12 Alki Larnaca FC 431202112830928453514001986-586
13 Ethnikos Achna FC 31107889529621938012011370-169
14 AEK Larnaca FC 2310396752951542261100876224
15 Doxa Katokopias FC 1441943410895231503848-345
16 APOP Paphos FC 194065021051262715011007-506
17 Evagoras Paphos 1837148090136254431906-475
18 Ermis Aradippou FC 123533749475205402767-365
19 Digenis Akritas Morphou FC 1533939694110192397690-293
20 AEP Paphos FC 103152788172125376478-102
21 Omonia Aradippou 132323576492201315686-371
22 Çetinkaya Türk S.K. 18189209773597393503-110
23 ASIL Lysi 81801983740121169430-261
24 APOP Kinyras FC 5161148442975201275-74
25 Orfeas Nicosia 413490241650110180-70
26 Anagennisi Deryneia FC 71231863135120163409-247
27 Armenian Young Men's Association 111211762327126256593-337
28 APEP FC 71011922534133158460-302
29 Keravnos Strovolou FC 484108282852111167-56
30 Pafos FC 2787219213277109-32
31 Enosis Neon Trust 4684430861295475
32 Ayia Napa FC 46411012287090218-128
33 Ethnikos Assia FC 3607817952102184-82
34 Chalkanoras Idaliou 2436016113359116-57
35 Alki Oroklini 13936116194873-25
36 Karmiotissa FC 13736107194771-24
37 Othellos Athienou FC 12532510172642-16
38 AEK Kouklia FC 1233665253494-60
39 Onisilos Sotira 1132634192263-41
40 AEZ Zakakiou 1112618172063-43
41 Atromitos Yeroskipou 172614211969-50
42 Enosis Neon THOI Lakatamia 172614211575-60

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

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  2. "HISTORY OF CFA". CFA. 31 March 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  3. Xaris Xarilaou (31 August 2017). "Cyprus 2016/17". RSSSF. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  4. 1 2 Γαβριηλίδης & Παπαμωυσέως 2001 , p. 71
  5. Γαβριηλίδης & Παπαμωυσέως 2001 , p. 88
  6. Γαβριηλίδης & Παπαμωυσέως 2001 , p. 130
  7. "Cyprus - List of Champions". RSSSF. 23 June 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  8. "Πρωταθλήτριες Ομάδες". CFA. Archived from the original on 8 August 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  9. "Cyprus - Participations per club at Cypriot First Division". RSSSF. 22 June 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  10. "Cyprus - All-Time Table". RSSSF. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2017.