|Founded||16 July 2006|
1959–2006 (as Alpha Ethniki)
|Number of teams||14|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Super League Greece 2|
|Domestic cup(s)||Greek Cup|
|International cup(s)|| UEFA Champions League |
UEFA Europa League
|Current champions|| Olympiacos (45th title) |
|Most championships||Olympiacos (45 titles)|
|Most appearances||Mimis Domazos (536)|
|Top goalscorer||Thomas Mavros (260 goals)|
|TV partners||Nova Sports, ERT, PAOK TV (live matches)|
The Super League Greece (Greek : Ελληνική Σούπερ Λίγκα) or Super League 1, is the highest professional association football league in Greece. The league was formed on 16 July 2006 and replaced Alpha Ethniki at the top of the Greek football league system. It consists of 14 teams and runs from August to May, with teams playing 26 games each followed by a 10 game play-off to decide the champions.
As of September 2019, Super League Greece is ranked 15th in the UEFA ranking of leagues, based on performances in European competitions over the last five years.
Since the foundation of the first official Panhellenic Championship in 1927,only six clubs have won the title.
The current champions are Olympiacos, based in Piraeus.
Between 1905 and 1912, a Panhellenic Championship was organised by the Hellenic Association of Amateur Athletics (SEGAS). This championship was actually a local tournament among clubs from Athens and Piraeus.
After the Balkan Wars and World War I, two football associations were formed, one organising a football league in Athens and Piraeus, and one doing the same in Thessaloniki. These were the Athens-Piraeus FCA (EPSAP) and the Macedonia FCA (EPSM). In 1923, a Panhellenic Champion was determined by a play-off game between the Athens-Piraeus and the Thessaloniki champions. Peiraikos Syndesmos won 3–1 against Aris. This panhellenic final was not repeated the following year as the EPSAP was split into the Athens FCA (EPSA) and Piraeus FCA (EPSP) following a dispute.
In 1927, a national championship was organised in the form of a round-robin tournament between the champions of the three governing bodies. Panathinaikos, Olympiacos and AEK Athens refused to participate and Aris won the first title, finishing ahead of Ethnikos Piraeus and Atromitos. This national championship was set up again in 1929, and over the next years evolved into a tournament in which multiple teams took part. Still, these teams had to qualify for the national championship through their local football competitions.
In 1959 the Alpha Ethniki - the precursor of the current Super League - was set up as a national round-robin tournament. The 1959–60 championship was the first to be held in national form after several months of talks. It started on Sunday 25 October 1959 with the participation of 16 teams. The creation of a championship in the form of a single permanent national category rather than the way they have been held until then with the participation of the teams selected by the local competitions was a requirement of both the State and UEFA. The first wished to establish a fixed number of matches every Sunday in Greece to stimulate interest in PRO-PO while UEFA wished to nominate national champions with strict criteria and through joint events for all states. The Hellenic Football Federation (HFF) was obliged to proceed to the abolition of the competitions of the Football Clubs Associations (EPS) of Greece as qualifying stages for the Pan-Hellenic Championship. The first place was taken by Alpha Ethniki, a single category with clubs from all over the Greek territory and a stable participation, with the exception of those who would be relegated at the end of the season. The initial design provided for a number of teams well above the 10th of the 1958–59 Pan-Hellenic Championship and in particular 18 which, as the expanded category program would cover almost all the available dates of the year, would no longer participate in its local competitions their EPSs. Those would be the qualifier for the upcoming national category and not the participation in the final round of the current championship, so their significance was significantly reduced. On Saturday, October 10, 1959 at the General Assembly of the HFF, ie with the participation of all the members of the Association of Football Associations and in the presence of the General Secretariat of Sports (GGA) and representatives of the Karamanlis government, became the first national category of Greek football. The 1st game was set for 15 days. According to the general Assembly of HFF in 29 August 1959, it was decided that the newly created Alpha Ethniki would consist of 18 teams, with their determination being made in accordance with the positions in the local EPS competitions in the period 1958–59. The HFF, at its decisive General Assembly on Saturday, October 10, decided to reduce the number of teams to 16 so that the racing program will not be extended in the summer. After the end of the first event in the summer of 1960, the teams did not increase despite HFF's initial intention, with the number 16 being considered the ideal for a championship in Greece and only 18 in 1967.
The teams that participated in the first championship of the Alpha Ethniki were the following:
On 25 October 1959, the Alpha Ethniki was launched. Panathinaikos won the first Alpha Ethniki's Championship, which became the champion of Greece for the fourth time in his history. He scored at 79 points with AEK Athens and beat 2–1 in the barrage, a match where he needed only a tie result in the neutral Karaiskakis Stadium. In such a case, after the half-hour extension, the competition announcement set the best goal difference. Through barrage and with the same score was also the third place for the demotion, with the winner Panegialios to overtake Pankorinthiakos again in the event of a draw. The scoring system was 3p the win, 2p the draw, 1p the defeat.
Time has been relentless for some teams that have participated in the first league of the Alpha Ethniki. The historic Ethnikos Piraeus, cup winner of Greece in 1933, participates in the Gamma Ethniki, as well as Proodeftiki while AE Nikaia participates in the local championship of Piraeus. Apollon Kalamaria, Doxa Drama and Iraklis are fighting in the Beta Ethniki, while Pankorinthiakos, a few years after joining Alpha Ethniki, merged with Aris Korinthos and created PAS Korinthos, which reached the Alpha Ethniki at the 90's and is now participating in the Gamma Ethniki. Megas Alexandros Katerini is the ancestor of Pierikos. In 1961, they merged with Olympos Katerini and created Pierikos who plays in the Gamma Ethniki.
On 19 January 1979 a bill was passed in the Hellenic Parliament under which football clubs became Football Incorporated Companies (PAE or ΠΑΕ in Greek). The Association of Football Incorporated Companies (EPAE, ΕΠΑΕ in Greek), under the supervision of the HFF, has since held the responsibility to hold the championship, with Makis Ithakisios being elected its first president. Initially the shares were owned by the sports union to which the football club belonged. Yet soon after, prominent Greek businessmen (shipowners, oil magnates, bankers etc.) began acquiring the newly formed PAEs by buying the majority of their shares, and then increasing their share capital, thus turning Greek football into a fully commercialised and highly profitable business for the decades to come.
For a single racing season, 2000–01, the championship is renamed "Upper Category".
On 16 July 2006, was founded the copartnership Super League. Members of the copartnership are the PAE's that have the right to participate in the professional football championship of the First Division. The main activity of the copartnership is the organization and conduct of the First Division's Championship according to the regulations and decisions of the Hellenic Football Federation (HFF) and the supreme international football confederations (UEFA, FIFA).
At present, 14 clubs compete in the Super League, playing each other in a 26 game home and away series. At the end of the season, the top 6 clubs face each other in a 10 game championship round to decide the Super League champions but also the teams to enter the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League.
The bottom 8 clubs face each other in play-outs to decide who gets relegated to Super League 2.In their place, the top two teams from Super League 2 are promoted. The number of teams to be relegated may change, depending on a licensing procedure that takes place at the end of the regular season.
The Super League is currently entitled to two entrants into the UEFA Champions League. The Champion currently enters the third qualifying round through the champion path, while the runner-ups enter the second round of the League Path. The three Europa League spots go to the teams that finished 3rd to 5th, with no European berth for the Greek Cup winner.
The following 14 clubs will compete in the Super League 1 during the 2019–20 season.
|First season in|
|Last top |
|Volos||1st in the Football League||2019–20||1||1||0||—|
National League (Alpha Ethniki)
Professional League (A'Eth./Sup.League)
|Olympiacos||45||1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1947, 1948, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1966, 1967, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2020|
|Panathinaikos||20||1930, 1949, 1953, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1995, 1996, 2004, 2010|
|AEK||12||1939, 1940, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 2018|
|PAOK||3||1976, 1985, 2019|
|Aris||3||1928, 1932, 1946|
* Season 1959–60 marked the beginning of the Alpha Ethniki - the precursor of the current Super League - as a national round-robin tournament.
|Olympiacos||30||1966, 1967, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2020|
|Panathinaikos||17||1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1995, 1996, 2004, 2010|
|AEK||10||1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 2018|
|PAOK||3||1976, 1985, 2019|
The six clubs that have won the championship are from a total of four cities:
|Athens||32||Panathinaikos (20), AEK Athens (12)|
|Thessaloniki||6||PAOK (3), Aris (3)|
The six clubs that have won the championship are from a total of three regions:
|Attica||77||Olympiacos (45), Panathinaikos (20), AEK Athens (12)|
|Central Macedonia||6||PAOK (3), Aris (3)|
The number of seasons that each team (in alphabetical order) has played in the top division from 1959–60 until 2019–20. A total of 70 teams had competed in at least one season at the top division. Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and PAOK are the only teams to have played in the top division in every season since the league's inception in its modern form. The teams in bold participate in the 2020–21 Super League.
|61||Olympiacos , Panathinaikos , PAOK|
|59||AEK Athens , Panionios|
|24||Panserraikos, PAS Giannina|
|9||Athinaikos, Ergotelis, Olympiacos Volos|
|7||Fostiras, Kalamata, Paniliakos, Trikala|
|6||Niki Volos, Panegialios, Panthrakikos, Platanias|
|5||Edessaikos, Korinthos, A.O. Kerkyra|
|4||Akratitos, Ethnikos Asteras, Kallithea, Rodos, Vyzas Megara|
|3||Diagoras, Olympiakos Nicosia, Panelefsiniakos, AEL Kalloni, A.O.K. Kerkyra, Lamia|
|1|| AEL Limassol, AE Nikaia, APOEL*, Atromitos Piraeus, Chalkida, EPA Larnaca,|
Makedonikos, Megas Alexandros Katerini, Naoussa, Olympiacos Chalkida,
Omonia Nicosia, Pankorinthiakos, Thermaikos, Thrasyvoulos, Volos
This index is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Alpha Ethniki and Super League championships since 1959–60. The table is correct as of the end of the 2018–19 season. Points are based on 3–1–0 and no deductions are counted.
|Pos||Team||Seasons||Points||Played||Won||Drawn||Lost||G.F.||G.A.||G.D.||1||2||3||1st App||Since/Last App||Best|
All the geographic regions of Greece have been represented by at least one club in the first national division. Central Greece has had the strongest presence with 26 clubs overall, of which 21 come from Attica alone. Central Greece, Macedonia and the Peloponnese together contain almost three quarters of the clubs that participated in the top flight. Between 1967 and 1974, the Cypriot champion also participated in the Greek top competition, and five different Cypriot clubs participated during those years. The Greek islands of Rhodes, Lesbos and Corfu have also been represented. A total of 73 clubs have participated at the first tier so far.
|Central Greece||26||Attica: Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens, Panionios, Apollon Smyrnis, Ethnikos Piraeus, Egaleo, Ionikos, Atromitos, Proodeftiki, Athinaikos, Fostiras, Akratitos, Ethnikos Asteras, Kallithea, Vyzas Megara, Panelefsiniakos, Chalkidona, AE Nikaia, Atromitos Piraeus, Thrasyvoulos |
Euboea: Chalkida, Olympiacos Chalkida
|Macedonia||15||Central Macedonia: PAOK, Aris, Iraklis, Panserraikos, Apollon Pontus, Pierikos, Veria, Edessaikos, Makedonikos, Megas Alexandros Katerini, Naoussa, Thermaikos |
East Macedonia: Doxa Drama, Kavala
West Macedonia: Kastoria
|Peloponnese||7||Panachaiki, Asteras Tripolis, Kalamata, Paniliakos, Panegialios, Korinthos, Pankorinthiakos|
|Cyprus||5||Olympiakos Nicosia, AEL Limassol, APOEL, EPA Larnaca, Omonia Nicosia|
|Thessaly||5||AEL, Olympiacos Volos, Trikala, Niki Volos, Volos|
|Crete||3||OFI, Ergotelis, Platanias|
|Aegean Islands||3||Rodos, Diagoras, AEL Kalloni|
|1||Mimis Domazos||536||Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|2||Nikos Nioplias||509||OFI, Panathinaikos, Chalkidona|
|4||Thomas Mavros||501||Panionios, AEK Athens|
|5||Savvas Kofidis||493||Iraklis, Olympiacos, Aris|
|6||Mimis Papaioannou||480||AEK Athens|
|Stathis Chaitas||480||Panionios, AEL|
|8||Giorgos Skartados||478||Rodos, PAOK, Iraklis, Olympiacos|
|9||Georgios Georgiadis||476||Doxa Drama, Panathinaikos, PAOK, Olympiacos, Iraklis|
|11||Tasos Mitropoulos||458||Ethnikos Piraeus, Olympiacos, AEK Athens, Apollon Smyrnis, Iraklis, Veria|
|12||Takis Nikoloudis||453||Iraklis, AEK Athens, Olympiacos, Apollon Pontus|
|13||Angelos Kremmydas||448||Ethnikos Piraeus, Panachaiki|
|14||Stelios Manolas||447||AEK Athens|
|15||Dimitris Saravakos||443||Panionios, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|16||Theodoros Pahatouridis||434||Doxa Drama, Olympiacos, Ionikos|
|17||Giorgos Dedes||429||Panionios, AEK Athens|
|18||Giannis Gounaris||426||PAOK, Olympiacos|
|19||Michalis Kritikopoulos||422||Panegialios, Ethnikos Piraeus, Olympiacos, Apollon Smyrnis|
|2||Predrag Đorđević||375||Paniliakos, Olympiacos|
|3||Toni Savevski||357||AEK Athens|
|4||Daniel Batista||316||Ethnikos Piraeus, Olympiacos, AEK Athens, Aris|
|1||Thomas Mavros||260||AEK Athens, Panionios|
|3||Mimis Papaioannou||234||AEK Athens|
|5||Antonis Antoniadis||187||Panathinaikos, Olympiacos|
|6||Alexandros Alexandris||186||Veria, AEK Athens, Olympiacos, AEL, Kallithea|
|7||Dimitris Saravakos||186||Panionios, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|8||Giorgos Dedes||181||Panionios, AEK Athens|
|9||Nikos Anastopoulos||179||Panionios, Olympiacos, Ionikos|
|10||Michalis Kritikopoulos||175||Panegialios, Ethnikos Piraeus, Olympiacos|
|11||Nikos Lyberopoulos||167||Kalamata, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|12||Demis Nikolaidis||163||Apollon Smyrnis, AEK Athens|
|14||Kostas Nestoridis||140||AEK Athens|
|15||Mimis Domazos||139||Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|16||Georgios Georgiadis||137||Doxa Drama, Panathinaikos, PAOK, Olympiacos, Iraklis|
|Dimitris Salpingidis||136||PAOK, Panathinaikos|
|20||Alekos Alexiadis||132||Aris, Panetolikos, Kastoria|
Based on an idea of Umberto Agnelli, the honor of Golden Star for Sports Excellence was introduced to recognize sides that have won multiple championships or other honours by the display of gold stars on their team badges and jerseys.
The current officially sanctioned Super League stars are:[ citation needed ]
|Panathinaikos||—||1971||1985, 1996||1992, 2002|
|AEK Athens||—||—||—||1997, 1998|
As of 18 July 2019, the Greek Super League ranks 16th in the UEFA coefficient database, with 21.400 points.
Nova Sports (premium channel) have taken the broadcasting rights for the home games of nine teams of the Super League. The teams are AEK Athens, AEL, Aris, Asteras Tripolis, OFI, Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, Panionios and Volos. On August 9, 2018, a two-year contract with the management of the Super League is signed by ERT. The contract provides for the coverage of 105 matches in the first season (2018–19), with provision for coverage of the 2019–20 season, alongside the restructuring of professional football categories of Greece. The contract covers the broadcasting of the home games of Atromitos, Lamia, Panetolikos and Xanthi. The PAOK's home matches are broadcasting by online pay-per-view channel PAOK TV.
Eurosport has pan-European broadcasting rights for the Super League (except Greece and Portugal).
From 2007 to 2017, the Super League had title sponsorship rights sold to one company, which were OPAP. From 2017 until today, the Super League has title sponsorship rights sold to the company Souroti.
OPAP' deal with the Super League expired at the end of the 2016–17 season. The Super League announced on 20 July 2017 that the new title sponsorship deal for the Super League was with the Souroti company.
As well as sponsorship for the league itself, the Super League has a number of official partners and suppliers. The official ball supplier for the league is Molten who have had the contract since the 2019–20 season when they took over from Adidas. Also, Panini has held the licence to produce collectables for the Super League since 2008 (except 2018–19 season), including stickers (for their sticker album) and trading cards.
|2007–2017||OPAP||Super League OPAP|
|2017–2019||Souroti||Super League Souroti|
Proodeftiki Football Club, also known as Proodeftiki Piraeus, simply as Proodeftiki, or with its full name as A.O. Proodeftiki Neolea, is a greek football club, part of the major multi-sport club A.O. Proodeftiki Neolea, based in Nikaia, Piraeus – Attica.
P.O.K. was a coalition, a kind of an athletic trust, of the three main football teams of the Greater Athens area which lasted until the mid 60's. The term dates to in 1927, when Olympiacos F.C., Panathinaikos F.C. and AEK F.C. withdrew from the Greek Championship after disagreements with the Hellenic Football Federation (HFF), mainly over the championship's financial status. The HFF determined that league's revenues would be equally divided between all teams that participated. Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and AEK did not agree with this, and formed a group called P.O.K. During that season, they played friendly matches with each other.
Michalis Kapsis is a retired Greek footballer, who played at the position of central defender. He was an integral part of Greece's UEFA Euro 2004 winning squad. At club level, he played most notably for Olympiacos, Girondins de Bordeaux and AEK Athens. He is the son of Anthimos Kapsis, who played for Panathinaikos in the 1971 European Cup final.
Dušan "Duško" Bajević is a Bosnian professional football manager and former player who is the head coach of the Bosnia and Herzegovina national team.
The 2005–06 Alpha Ethniki was the 70th season of the highest football league of Greece and the last season under the name Alpha Ethniki, before then was renamed to Super League Greece. The season began on 27 August 2005 and ended on 13 May 2006. Olympiacos won their second consecutive and 34th Greek title. However, the season was somewhat overshadowed by the suspension of the Greek FA by UEFA, which jeopardized the European places of the Champions League, UEFA Cup, and Intertoto Cup qualifiers from Greece, as well as the use of Athens Olympic Stadium as the site of the 2006–07 Champions League final.
Ethnikos Piraeus 1923 Football Club is a Greek football club based in Piraeus. The club was official formed in 1923 as Ethnikos Omilos Filathlon Piraeus Faliro, and played its first competitive match in 1923 for the Piraeus Football Clubs Association championship, where they eventually lost their first title competing for from A.P.S.P. Ethnikos Piraeus was one of the founding members of Hellenic Football Federation in 1926, and is one of six clubs, including AEK Athens, PAOK, Panathinaikos, Aris Thessaloniki and Olympiacos, never to have been relegated from the league until 1990. They have also been involved in international football playing a number of friendlies against famous clubs such as Inter Milan, Galatasaray S.K., and Hungary national football team in the 1950s, and participated in the Balkans Cup on two occasions. They have had a turbulent recent history, and are currently competing in the fourth division Gamma Ethniki.
The 2002–03 Alpha Ethniki was the 67th season of the highest football league of Greece. The season began on 24 August 2002 and ended on 25 May 2003. Olympiacos won their seventh consecutive and 32nd Greek title. Olympiacos and Panathinaikos finished the League with the same points total but Olympiacos were crowned champions due to more favourable results between the two teams. It was a very dramatic end to the season, with the decisive game between the two clubs taking place in the penulitmate round. The season was interrupted by strike action after television broadcaster Alpha Digital collapsed in September 2002, following which the players didn't play for a month.
The 1994–95 Alpha Ethniki was the 59th season of the highest football league of Greece. The season began on 24 September 1994 and ended on 4 June 1995. Panathinaikos won their 17th Greek title and their first one in four years.
Football is the most popular sport in Greece, followed by basketball.
The 1959–60 Alpha Ethniki was the 24th season of the highest football league of Greece and the first season of the nationwide league after the league replaced the Panhellenic Championship. The season began on 25 October 1959 and ended on 31 July 1960 with the play-off matches. Panathinaikos won their fourth Greek title and their first in seven years.
The 1960–61 Alpha Ethniki was the 25th season of the highest football league of Greece. The season began on 17 September 1960 and ended on 2 July 1961 with the play-off match. Panathinaikos won their second consecutive and fifth Greek title.
The 1962–63 Alpha Ethniki was the 27th season of the highest football league of Greece. The season began on 23 September 1962 and ended on 30 June 1963 with the play-off match. AEK Athens won their third Greek title and their first in 23 years.
AEK Athens F.C., as one of the most famous association football clubs, as one of the biggest clubs and the most historical club in Greece, has a long, unique and idiosyncratic history, and has experienced both the highs and the lows of the game. It won its first championship in 1939 and has gone on to become one of Greece's most successful football teams.
The Greek Cup 1985–86 was the 44th edition of The Greek Football Cup, or Greek Cup for short.
Aris Football Club is a Greek professional football club based in the city of Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece, part of the multi-sports club A.C. Aris Thessaloniki. Aris is one of Greece's most successful clubs, having won the fourth most Super League titles after Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and AEK Athens, while they are tied with PAOK. Created in 1914 as Aris Thessaloniki Football Club, the club was a founding member of the Macedonian Football Clubs Association, as well as the Hellenic Football Federation. The colours of the club are golden/yellow, a dominant colour in the culture of Macedonia and reminiscent of the Byzantine heritage of Thessaloniki, and black. It is named after Ares, the ancient Olympian "God of War," associated also with courage and masculinity, whose image is portrayed on the club's logo as depicted in the Ludovisi Ares sculpture.
The 2010–11 Super League Greece was the 75th season of the highest football league of Greece and the fifth under the name Super League. The league consisted of 16 teams, the 13 best teams of the 2009–10 season and three teams that had been promoted from the 2009–10 Beta Ethniki.
The 2011–12 season was Olympiacos's' 53rd consecutive season in the Super League Greece.
The 2015–16 season was Olympiacos' 57th consecutive season in the Super League Greece; they managed to become the champions for 6th consecutive year and for 18th time during the last 20 seasons. Olympiacos also participated in the Greek Football Cup, losing at the final against AEK athens. They also took part in the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League.
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