|Number of teams||14|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Super League Greece 2|
|Domestic cup(s)||Greek Cup|
|International cup(s)|| UEFA Champions League |
UEFA Europa Conference League
|Current champions|| Olympiacos (46th title) |
|Most championships||Olympiacos (46 titles)|
|Most appearances||Mimis Domazos (536)|
|Top goalscorer||Thomas Mavros (260 goals)|
|TV partners||Nova Sports, (live matches) Alpha TV 3 Matches live|
|Current: 2021–22 Super League Greece|
The Super League Greece 1 (Greek : Ελληνική Σούπερ Λιγκ 1), or Super League 1 Interwetten for sponsorship reasons, is the highest professional association football league in Greece. The league was formed on 16 July 2006 and replaced Alpha Ethniki at the top of the Greek football league system. It consists of 14 teams and runs from August to May, with teams playing 26 games each followed by a 10-game play-off to decide the champions.
As of May 2021, Super League Greece is ranked 20th in the UEFA ranking of leagues, based on performances in European competitions over the last five years.
Since the foundation of the first official Panhellenic Championship in 1927,only six clubs have won the title.
The current champions are Olympiacos, based in Piraeus.
Between 1905 and 1912, a Panhellenic Championship was organised by the Hellenic Association of Amateur Athletics (SEGAS). This championship was actually a local tournament among clubs from Athens and Piraeus.
After the Balkan Wars and World War I, two football associations were formed, one organising a football league in Athens and Piraeus, and one doing the same in Thessaloniki. These were the Athens-Piraeus FCA (EPSAP) and the Macedonia FCA (EPSM). In 1923, a Panhellenic Champion was determined by a play-off game between the Athens-Piraeus and the Thessaloniki champions. Peiraikos Syndesmos won 3–1 against Aris. This panhellenic final was not repeated the following year as the EPSAP was split into the Athens FCA (EPSA) and Piraeus FCA (EPSP) following a dispute.
On November 14, 1926, the Hellenic Football Federation is founded and organizes the first Panhellenic Championship in the period 1927-28, in which, however, Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and AEK Athens did not participate due to conflicts with the EPO.
The initial events were held with teams from Athens, Piraeus and Thessaloniki, excluding the provincial ones. Previously, the local championships of the cities were held and in the final phase, sometimes only the first ones qualified, sometimes the first two or the first three teams. In the championship of 1938-39, which was held in two groups, teams outside Athens-Thessaloniki (Doxa Drama, AEK Kavala and Filippi Kavala) participated for the first time. The maiden presence of provincial teams in a single group of the Panhellenic Championship took place in 1953-54 with the participation of Panachaiki from Southern Greece and Niki Volou from Central and Northern Greece.
In 1959 the Alpha Ethniki – the precursor of the current Super League – was set up as a national round-robin tournament. After several months of talks, the 1959–60 championship was the first nationwide league competition. It started on Sunday 25 October 1959 with the participation of 16 teams. The creation of a championship in the form of a single permanent national division rather than the way they have been held until then with the participation of the teams selected by the local competitions was a requirement of both the State and UEFA. The first wished to establish a fixed number of matches every Sunday in Greece to stimulate interest in PRO-PO while UEFA wished to nominate national champions with strict criteria and through joint events for all states. The Hellenic Football Federation (HFF) was obliged to proceed to the abolition of the competitions of the Football Clubs Associations (EPS) of Greece as qualifying stages for the Pan-Hellenic Championship. The first place was taken by Alpha Ethniki, a single division with clubs from all over the Greek territory and a stable participation, with the exception of those who would be relegated at the end of the season. The initial design provided for a number of teams well above the 10th of the 1958–59 Pan-Hellenic Championship and in particular 18 which, as the expanded division calendar would cover almost all the available dates of the year, would no longer participate in its local competitions their EPSs. Those would be the qualifier for the upcoming national division and not the participation in the final round of the current championship, so their significance was significantly reduced. On Saturday, 10 October 1959 at the General Assembly of the HFF, ie with the participation of all the members of the Association of Football Associations and in the presence of the General Secretariat of Sports (GGA) and representatives of the Karamanlis government, became the first national division of Greek football. The 1st game was set for 15 days. According to the general Assembly of HFF on 29 August 1959, it was decided that the newly created Alpha Ethniki would consist of 18 teams, with their determination being made in accordance with the positions in the local EPS competitions in the period 1958–59. The HFF, at its decisive General Assembly on Saturday, 10 October, decided to reduce the number of teams to 16 so that the racing program will not be extended in the summer. After the end of the first event in the summer of 1960, the teams did not increase despite HFF's initial intention, with the number 16 being considered the ideal for a championship in Greece and only 18 in 1967.
The teams that participated in the first championship of the Alpha Ethniki were the following:
On 25 October 1959, the Alpha Ethniki was launched. Panathinaikos won the first Alpha Ethniki's Championship, which became the champion of Greece for the fourth time in his history. He scored at 79 points with AEK Athens and beat 2–1 in the barrage, a match where he needed only a tie result in the neutral Karaiskakis Stadium. In such a case, after the half-hour extension, the competition announcement set the best goal difference. Through barrage and with the same score was also the third place for the demotion, with the winner Panegialios to overtake Pankorinthiakos again in the event of a draw. The scoring system was 3p the win, 2p the draw, 1p the defeat.
Time has been relentless for some teams that have participated in the first league of the Alpha Ethniki. The historic Ethnikos Piraeus, cup winner of Greece in 1933, participates in the Gamma Ethniki, as well as Proodeftiki while AE Nikaia participates in the local championship of Piraeus. Apollon Kalamaria, Doxa Drama and Iraklis are fighting in the Beta Ethniki, while Pankorinthiakos, a few years after joining Alpha Ethniki, merged with Aris Korinthos and created PAS Korinthos, which reached the Alpha Ethniki at the 1990s and is now participating in the Gamma Ethniki. Megas Alexandros Katerini is the ancestor of Pierikos. In 1961, they merged with Olympos Katerini and created Pierikos who plays in the Gamma Ethniki.
On 19 January 1979 a bill was passed in the Hellenic Parliament under which football clubs became Football Incorporated Companies (PAE or ΠΑΕ in Greek). The Association of Football Incorporated Companies (EPAE, ΕΠΑΕ in Greek), under the supervision of the HFF, has since held the responsibility to hold the championship, with Makis Ithakisios being elected its first president. Initially the shares were owned by the sports union to which the football club belonged. Yet soon after, prominent Greek businessmen (shipowners, oil magnates, bankers etc.) began acquiring the newly formed PAEs by buying the majority of their shares, and then increasing their share capital, thus turning Greek football into a fully commercialised and highly profitable business for the decades to come.
For a single racing season, 2000–01, the championship is renamed "Upper Category".
On 16 July 2006, was founded the copartnership Super League. Members of the copartnership are the PAE's that have the right to participate in the professional football championship of the First Division. The main activity of the copartnership is the organization and conduct of the First Division's Championship according to the regulations and decisions of the Hellenic Football Federation (HFF) and the supreme international football confederations (UEFA, FIFA).
At present, 14 clubs compete in the Super League, playing each other in a 26-game home and away series. At the end of the season, the top 6 clubs face each other in a 10-game championship round to decide the Super League champions but also the teams to enter the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa Conference League.
The bottom 8 clubs face each other in play-outs to decide who gets relegated to Super League 2.In their place, the top two teams from Super League 2 are promoted. The number of teams to be relegated may change, depending on a licensing procedure that takes place at the end of the regular season.
The Super League is currently entitled to one entrant into the UEFA Champions League. The Champion currently enters the first qualifying round through the champion path. The three UEFA Europa Conference League spots go to the teams that finished 2rd to 3rd, with a European berth for the Greek Cup winner.
The following 14 clubs will compete in the Super League 1 during the 2021–22 season.
|First season in|
|Last top |
|Ionikos||1st in 2020–21 Super League Greece 2||1989–90||17||2||0||—|
National League (Alpha Ethniki)
Professional League (A'Eth./Sup.League)
|Olympiacos||46||1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1947, 1948, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1966, 1967, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2020, 2021|
|Panathinaikos||20||1930, 1949, 1953, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1995, 1996, 2004, 2010|
|AEK||12||1939, 1940, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 2018|
|Aris||3||1928, 1932, 1946|
|PAOK||3||1976, 1985, 2019|
* Season 1959–60 marked the beginning of the Alpha Ethniki – the precursor of the current Super League – as a national round-robin tournament.
|Olympiacos||31||1966, 1967, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2020, 2021|
|Panathinaikos||17||1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1995, 1996, 2004, 2010|
|AEK||10||1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994, 2018|
|PAOK||3||1976, 1985, 2019|
The six clubs that have won the championship are from a total of four cities:
|Athens||32||Panathinaikos (20), AEK Athens (12)|
|Thessaloniki||6||PAOK (3), Aris (3)|
The six clubs that have won the championship are from a total of three regions:
|Attica||78||Olympiacos (46), Panathinaikos (20), AEK Athens (12)|
|Central Macedonia||6||PAOK (3), Aris (3)|
The number of seasons that each team (in alphabetical order) has played in the top division from 1959–60 until 2021–22. A total of 70 teams had competed in at least one season at the top division. Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and PAOK are the only teams to have played in the top division in every season since the league's inception in its modern form. The teams in bold participate in the 2021–22 Super League.
|63||Olympiacos , Panathinaikos , PAOK|
|26||Panachaiki, PAS Giannina|
|21||Doxa Drama, Atromitos|
|15||Proodeftiki, Asteras Tripolis|
|9||Athinaikos, Ergotelis, Olympiacos Volos|
|7||Fostiras, Kalamata, Paniliakos, Trikala|
|6||Niki Volos, Panegialios, Panthrakikos, Platanias|
|5||Edessaikos, Korinthos, A.O. Kerkyra, Lamia|
|4||Akratitos, Ethnikos Asteras, Kallithea, Rodos, Vyzas Megara|
|3||Diagoras, Olympiakos Nicosia, Panelefsiniakos, AEL Kalloni, A.O.K. Kerkyra, Volos|
|1|| AEL Limassol, AE Nikaia, APOEL*, Atromitos Piraeus, Chalkida, EPA Larnaca,|
Makedonikos, Megas Alexandros Katerini, Naoussa, Olympiacos Chalkida,
Omonia Nicosia, Pankorinthiakos, Thermaikos, Thrasyvoulos
This index is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Alpha Ethniki and Super League championships since 1959–60. The table is correct as of the end of the 2020–21 season. Points are based on 3–1–0 and no deductions are counted.
|Pos||Team||Seasons||Points||Played||Won||Drawn||Lost||G.F.||G.A.||G.D.||1||2||3||1st App||Since/Last App||Best|
All the geographic regions of Greece have been represented by at least one club in the first national division. Central Greece has had the strongest presence with 26 clubs overall, of which 21 come from Attica alone. Central Greece, Macedonia and the Peloponnese together contain almost three-quarters of the clubs that participated in the top flight. Between 1967 and 1974, the Cypriot champion also participated in the Greek top competition, and five different Cypriot clubs participated during those years. The Greek islands of Rhodes, Lesbos and Corfu have also been represented. A total of 73 clubs have participated at the first tier so far.
|Central Greece||26||Attica: Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens, Panionios, Apollon Smyrnis, Ethnikos Piraeus, Egaleo, Ionikos, Atromitos, Proodeftiki, Athinaikos, Fostiras, Akratitos, Ethnikos Asteras, Kallithea, Vyzas Megara, Panelefsiniakos, Chalkidona, AE Nikaia, Atromitos Piraeus, Thrasyvoulos |
Euboea: Chalkida, Olympiacos Chalkida
|Macedonia||15||Central Macedonia: PAOK, Aris, Iraklis, Panserraikos, Apollon Pontus, Pierikos, Veria, Edessaikos, Makedonikos, Megas Alexandros Katerini, Naoussa, Thermaikos |
East Macedonia: Doxa Drama, Kavala
West Macedonia: Kastoria
|Peloponnese||7||Panachaiki, Asteras Tripolis, Kalamata, Paniliakos, Panegialios, Korinthos, Pankorinthiakos|
|Cyprus||5||Olympiakos Nicosia, AEL Limassol, APOEL, EPA Larnaca, Omonia Nicosia|
|Thessaly||5||AEL, Olympiacos Volos, Trikala, Niki Volos, Volos N.F.C.|
|Crete||3||OFI, Ergotelis, Platanias|
|Aegean Islands||3||Rodos, Diagoras, AEL Kalloni|
|Ionian Islands||2||A.O. Kerkyra, PAE Kerkyra|
|1||Mimis Domazos||536||Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|2||Nikos Nioplias||509||OFI, Panathinaikos, Chalkidona|
|4||Thomas Mavros||501||Panionios, AEK Athens|
|5||Savvas Kofidis||493||Iraklis, Olympiacos, Aris|
|6||Mimis Papaioannou||480||AEK Athens|
|Stathis Chaitas||480||Panionios, AEL|
|8||Giorgos Skartados||478||Rodos, PAOK, Iraklis, Olympiacos|
|9||Georgios Georgiadis||476||Doxa Drama, Panathinaikos, PAOK, Olympiacos, Iraklis|
|11||Tasos Mitropoulos||458||Ethnikos Piraeus, Olympiacos, AEK Athens, Apollon Smyrnis, Iraklis, Veria|
|13||Takis Nikoloudis||453||Iraklis, AEK Athens, Olympiacos, Apollon Pontus|
|14||Angelos Kremmydas||448||Ethnikos Piraeus, Panachaiki|
|15||Stelios Manolas||447||AEK Athens|
|16||Dimitris Saravakos||443||Panionios, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|17||Theodoros Pahatouridis||434||Doxa Drama, Olympiacos, Ionikos|
|18||Giorgos Dedes||429||Panionios, AEK Athens|
|19||Giannis Gounaris||426||PAOK, Olympiacos|
|20||Michalis Kritikopoulos||422||Panegialios, Ethnikos Piraeus, Olympiacos, Apollon Smyrnis|
|2||Predrag Đorđević||375||Paniliakos, Olympiacos|
|3||Toni Savevski||357||AEK Athens|
|4||Daniel Batista||316||Ethnikos Piraeus, Olympiacos, AEK Athens, Aris|
|1||Thomas Mavros||260||AEK Athens, Panionios|
|3||Mimis Papaioannou||234||AEK Athens|
|5||Antonis Antoniadis||187||Panathinaikos, Olympiacos|
|6||Alexandros Alexandris||186||Veria, AEK Athens, Olympiacos, AEL, Kallithea|
|7||Dimitris Saravakos||186||Panionios, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|8||Giorgos Dedes||181||Panionios, AEK Athens|
|9||Nikos Anastopoulos||179||Panionios, Olympiacos, Ionikos|
|10||Michalis Kritikopoulos||175||Panegialios, Ethnikos Piraeus, Olympiacos|
|11||Nikos Lyberopoulos||167||Kalamata, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|12||Demis Nikolaidis||163||Apollon Smyrnis, AEK Athens|
|14||Kostas Nestoridis||140||AEK Athens|
|15||Mimis Domazos||139||Panathinaikos, AEK Athens|
|16||Georgios Georgiadis||137||Doxa Drama, Panathinaikos, PAOK, Olympiacos, Iraklis|
|Dimitris Salpingidis||136||PAOK, Panathinaikos|
Based on an idea of Umberto Agnelli, the honor of Golden Star for Sports Excellence was introduced to recognize sides that have won multiple championships or other honours by the display of gold stars on their team badges and jerseys.
The current officially sanctioned Super League stars are:[ citation needed ]
|Panathinaikos||—||1971||1985, 1996||1992, 2002|
|AEK Athens||—||—||—||1997, 1998|
As of 30 May 2021, the Greek Super League ranks 20th in the UEFA coefficient database, with 26.000 points.
|8||Russian Premier League||38.382|
|9||Belgian First Division||36.500|
|12||Ukrainian Premier League||33.100|
|15||Cypriot First Division||27.750|
|17||Czech First League||26.600|
|19||Swiss Super League||26.225|
|20||Super League Greece||26.000|
Nova Sports (premium channel) have taken the broadcasting rights for the all teams of the Super League.
Alpha TV 3 matchers LIVE in Saturday Sunday and Monday
Eurosport has pan-European broadcasting rights for the Super League (except Greece and Portugal).
From 2007 to 2017, the Super League had title sponsorship rights sold to one company, which were OPAP. From 2017 until 2019, the Super League has title sponsorship rights sold to the company Souroti.
OPAP' deal with the Super League expired at the end of the 2016–17 season. The Super League announced on 20 July 2017 that the new title sponsorship deal for the Super League was with the Souroti company.
As well as sponsorship for the league itself, the Super League has a number of official partners and suppliers. The official ball supplier for the league is Molten who have had the contract since the 2019–20 season when they took over from Adidas. Also, Panini has held the licence to produce collectables for the Super League since 2008 (except 2018–19 season), including stickers (for their sticker album) and trading cards.
|2007–2017||OPAP||Super League OPAP|
|2017–2019||Souroti||Super League Souroti|
|2020–||Interwetten||Super League Interwetten|
Panathinaikos Football Club, known as Panathinaikos, or by its full name, and the name of its parent sports club, Panathinaikos A.O. or PAO, is a Greek professional football club based in the capital-city of Athens, Greece.
Olympiacos Football Club, also known simply as Olympiacos, Olympiacos Piraeus or with its full name as Olympiacos C.F.P., is a Greek professional football club based in Piraeus, Attica. Part of the major multi-sport club Olympiacos CFP, their name was inspired from the ancient Olympic Games and along with the club's emblem, the laurel-crowned Olympic athlete, symbolize the Olympic ideals of ancient Greece. Their home ground is the Karaiskakis Stadium, a 32,115-capacity stadium in Piraeus.
Proodeftiki Football Club, also known as Proodeftiki Piraeus, simply as Proodeftiki, or with its full name as A.O. Proodeftiki Neolea, is a greek football club, part of the major multi-sport club A.O. Proodeftiki Neolea, based in Nikaia, Piraeus – Attica.
P.O.K. was a coalition, a kind of athletic trust, of the three main football teams of the Attica which lasted until the mid 60's. The term dates to in 1927, when Olympiacos F.C., Panathinaikos F.C. and AEK Athens F.C. withdrew from the Greek Championship after disagreements with the Hellenic Football Federation (HFF), mainly over the championship's financial status. The HFF determined that league's revenues would be equally divided between all teams that participated. Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and AEK did not agree with this, and formed a group called P.O.K. During that season, they played friendly matches with each other.
Ionikos Football Club is a Greek professional football club based in Nikaia, Athens, Greece, currently competing in the Super League Greece, the top-tier of the Greek football league system.
Michalis Kapsis is a Greek former professional footballer who played as a centre-back. He was an integral part of Greece national team's UEFA Euro 2004 winning squad. At club level, he played most notably for Olympiacos, Girondins de Bordeaux and AEK Athens. He is the son of Anthimos Kapsis, who played for Panathinaikos in the 1971 European Cup final.
Atromitos Football Club, also simply known as Atromitos, is a Greek professional football club based in Peristeri, Athens that plays in the Super League. It was founded in 1923 and its home ground is Peristeri Stadium.
Ethnikos Piraeus 1923 Football Club is a Greek football club based in Piraeus and its parent sports club is Ethnikos OFPF. The club was officially formed in 1923 as Keravnos, but existed since 1922. One year later the club was renamed to Young Boys Titan, after some players' secession that formed Peiraikos Podosfairikos Omilos. The club was renamed to Ethnikos on 23 December 1924, after it merged with Peiraikos Podosfairikos Omilos.
Football is the most popular sport in Greece, followed by basketball.
The 2007–08 Super League Greece was the 72nd season of the highest football league of Greece and the second under the name Super League. The season began on 1 September 2007 and ended on 20 April 2008. The defending champions were Olympiacos. Asteras Tripolis, Veria and Levadiakos were promoted from Beta Ethniki in the previous season.
The 1959–60 Alpha Ethniki was the 24th season of the highest football league of Greece and the first season of the nationwide league after the league replaced the Panhellenic Championship. The season began on 25 October 1959 and ended on 31 July 1960 with the play-off matches. Panathinaikos won their fourth Greek title and their first in seven years.
AEK Athens F.C. is one of the greatest and most historical association football clubs in Greece. They have a long, unique and idiosyncratic history and has experienced both the highs and lows of the game. They won their first championship in 1939 and has gone on to become one of Greece's most successful football teams.
The 1927–28 Panhellenic Championship was the 1st season of the highest football league of Greece. It was held with the participation of 3 teams, the champions of the founding Associations of the HFF, Athens, Piraeus and Macedonia, in which Atromitos, Ethnikos Piraeus and Aris respectively finished first. At the beginning of the season, the HFF punished Olympiacos and forbade them from taking part in the Piraeus' championship and consequently in the Panhellenic championship. He also forced the other clubs not to play with them even in friendly matches. However, the strong teams of Athens, Panathinaikos, AEK Athens and Apollon Athens, expected financial income from the various tournaments they organized with the participation of Olympiacos. On October 31, 1927, the HFF expelled the illegal clubs and banned them from participating in the championship. As a result, the 3 biggest clubs created a partnership called POK, from the initials of the words: Podosferikós Ómilos Kéntrou or from the initials of the names of the three clubs: "Panathinaikos"-"Olympiacos"-"Konstantinoupόleos". In February 1928, Apollon Athens joined the alliance, with the press calling it "POKA". The non-participation of these clubs weakened the championship, as the fans preferred the international friendlies of the strong clubs and the tournaments that have been established since then during the holidays. The devaluation of the leagues forced the HFF the following July 1928 to revoke their dismissals and from the next season the clubs returned to the leagues normally. Aris eventually won the championship. The point system was: Win: 2 points - Draw: 1 point - Loss: 0 points.
The 1933–34 Panhellenic Championship was the 6th season of the highest football league of Greece. It was held in two groups, Southern and Northern.
The 1945–46 Panhellenic Championship was the 12th season of the highest football league of Greece and the first after the WW2. The clubs that participated were the champions from the three founding football associations of the HFF: Athens, Piraeus and Macedonia.
The 1943–44 Panhellenic Championship did not occur due the events of the WW2 and the Axis occupation of Greece. In May 1943, football matches were organized by the municipality of Piraeus. Based on what has become known, Olympiacos and Panathinaikos participated in them, while in December of the same year a Holiday Cup, later called "Christmas Cup" was held, in which the Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and AEK Athens competed. All 3 games were conducted on Leoforos Alexandras Stadium This was in fact the only event during the years of The Occupation that was completed. In February 1944, the dusputes between the HFF and the Union of Greek Athlets caused Panathinaikos to create the "Panathinaikos Tournament", but it failed to end. There were 2 groups created, 1 in Athens and 1 in Piraeus. Not a single score is known. Furthermore, little is known about the "Unified Center Championship", which started in February 1944 with 3 groups of 22 teams. There were 2 groups of 7 teams from Athens and 1 of 8 teams from Piraeus. The point system was: Win: 3 points - Draw: 2 points - Loss: 1 point.
This article concerns football records in Greece and it includes the top flight and lower divisions as well.