AS Monaco FC

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Monaco
AS Monaco FC.svg
Full nameAssociation Sportive de Monaco Football Club SA
Nickname(s)Les Monégasques (The Monégasques)
Short nameASM
Founded23 November 1924;96 years ago (1924-11-23)
Ground Stade Louis II
Capacity18,523
Owner Monaco Sport Investment Ltd (66.67%)
House of Grimaldi (33.33%)
President Dmitry Rybolovlev
Head coach Niko Kovač
League Ligue 1
2020–21 Ligue 1, 3rd of 20
Website Club website
Soccerball current event.svg Current season
Departments of AS Monaco
Football pictogram.svg Basketball pictogram.svg
Football Basketball

Association Sportive de Monaco Football Club SA, commonly referred to as AS Monaco (French pronunciation:  [ɑ.ɛs mɔnako] ) or Monaco, is a professional football club based in Monaco that competes in Ligue 1, the top tier of French football. Founded in 1918, the team plays its home matches at the Stade Louis II in Fontvieille. [1]

Contents

Though based in Monaco, the club plays in the French football league system. Monaco is one of the most successful clubs in French football, having won eight league titles [2] and five Coupe de France trophies. [3] The club has also competed in European football, and were runners-up in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1992 [4] and the UEFA Champions League in 2004. [5]

The club's traditional colours are red and white, and the club is known as Les Rouges et Blancs (The Red and Whites). [6] Monaco is a member of the European Club Association. In December 2011, two-thirds of the club was sold to an investment group led by Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev. [7] With Rybolovlev's financial backing, the club quickly returned to Ligue 1 and won the 2016–17 Ligue 1, their first league title in 17 years.

Status

Unlike several other European microstates, Monaco has never organized a domestic league and has never sought separate membership in either UEFA or FIFA. As a result, AS Monaco has no domestic league to play in its home country, resulting in it being expatriated into the French league system. AS Monaco is a full member of said French league pyramid, enabling it to represent France in European competitions. There are several other expatriated football clubs in operation around Europe, although AS Monaco is unique in that it represents a nation not a member of the international organizations. Although Vaduz among other Liechtenstein clubs play in the Swiss league system due to Liechtenstein not having a league, those clubs do have a domestic cup in their home country and qualify for European football that way. Two other microstates in Europe have or had teams playing abroad, Andorra and San Marino, although those clubs are separate from existing domestic league infrastructures.

History

Early history

AS Monaco FC was founded on 1 August 1919 as a unification of numerous local clubs based in France and the principality. Then, the multiple sports club of the Association Sportive de Monaco was founded on 23 August 1924. [8] AS Monaco FC was then absorbed by the latter and became the football section of the enlarged Monegasque sporting club. [9]

The club's early years were spent in the amateur regional divisions of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, rising rapidly between the leagues in the 1920s. In 1933, Monaco were invited by the French Football Federation to turn professional. The Monégasques' first year of second division football ended in failure, however, as they were relegated to the amateur leagues the following year. By 1948, Monaco re-acquired its professional status and returned to the French second division; they subsequently consistently finished in its upper echelons, with this sustained effort resulting in promotion to the French first division for the first time in 1953.

1960–1986: Domestic successes

Lucien Leduc guided Monaco to three league titles and two domestic cups Lucien Leduc.jpg
Lucien Leduc guided Monaco to three league titles and two domestic cups

In 1960, Monaco coach Lucien Leduc led the club to its first professional trophy, the Coupe de France, beating Saint-Étienne 4–2 in extra time. This initial success was bettered in the following year with the club winning the French Championship for the first time in its history, qualifying for the European Cup. Leduc subsequently led the club to its first League and Cup Double in 1963. Upon Leduc's departure in 1963, Monaco endured a barren run, entrenched in the middle half of the league for the best part of the next decade and alternating between the first and second divisions after 1963. In 1975, Jean-Louis Campora, son of former president Charles Campora, became chairman of the club. In his second season, he brought back Leduc, who immediately won the club promotion to the first division and won them the championship the following year in 1978. [10] [11] Leduc subsequently left the club again in 1979, to be succeeded by Lucien Muller and Gérard Banide, both of whom were unable to halt the club's decline.

The early 1980s saw a steady stream of successes in national competitions. Monaco won a title almost every other year; the Coupe de France in 1980 and 1985, the French Championship in 1982, was Coupe de France finalist in 1984. In the 1985–86 season, Monaco hammered Bordeaux 9–0, one of the biggest wins in club history. [12]

Disappointingly for Monaco fans, the club could not translate its domestic leadership into European success. Up to this point, Monaco had never passed the first round of any European competition. Monaco lost to Dundee United (1981), CSKA Sofia twice (1982 and 1984) and Universitatea Craiova (1985). [13]

1990s: Wenger and Tigana

Arsene Wenger led Monaco to the 1987-88 league title. Arsene Wenger 2008.jpg
Arsène Wenger led Monaco to the 1987–88 league title.

In 1986, former Ajax manager Ștefan Kovács, who succeeded Rinus Michels and honed his Total Football ideals with the Dutch champions, came out of a three-year "retirement" to manage Monaco, but even he could not bring them success. With the club facing a second barren spell, they signed Arsène Wenger, who had hitherto been relatively unknown, managing Nancy without much success. Wenger's reign saw the club enjoy one of its most successful periods, with several inspired signings, including George Weah, Glenn Hoddle, Jürgen Klinsmann, and Youri Djorkaeff. Youth team policies produced future World Cup winners Emmanuel Petit, Lilian Thuram and Thierry Henry. Under Wenger, they won the league in his first season in charge (1988) and the Coupe de France in 1991, with the club consistently competing in the latter stages of the European Cup and regularly challenging for the league title. [14] The club could have had even greater success in this period, as it emerged in 1993 that bitter rivals Marseille had indulged in match fixing and numerous improprieties, a view that Wenger had long held. [14] In 1994, after being blocked by the Monaco board from opening discussions with German powerhouse Bayern Munich for their vacant managerial post after being shortlisted for the role, Wenger was released from the club, several weeks after the post had already been filled. [14] [15]

After Wenger's departure, the club went on to record two further league championships; under Jean Tigana in 1997 and under Claude Puel in 2000. However, as the decade came to an end, rumours were surfacing that the club was facing numerous financial difficulties. In 2003, these financial problems came to a head. Despite finishing second in the league, the club was relegated to Ligue 2 by the French Professional League for amassing a €50 million ($68 million) debt. [16] Whilst this was reduced on appeal to a ban on purchasing players, it was enough to force President Jean-Louis Campora, who had been in charge for 28 years, to step aside. He was replaced by Pierre Svara, an administrator considered to be close to the principality's princely family but with no footballing experience. [17]

The following season saw remarkable success on the field, given the club's financial strife. The team, coached by former French national team captain Didier Deschamps and featuring stalwarts such as Fernando Morientes, Ludovic Giuly, Jérôme Rothen and Dado Pršo, finished third in Ligue 1 and enjoyed a remarkable run to the final of the UEFA Champions League, beating Real Madrid and Chelsea along the way. However, despite the on-field success, the 2003–04 season was the club's worst financial year in its history. Within 12 months, Deschamps had left as coach and Svara had been replaced by Michel Pastor. [16]

Relegation and takeover

Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev bought the club in 2011 and has made it one of the biggest spenders in the football world. Dmitry Rybolovlev in 2012.jpg
Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev bought the club in 2011 and has made it one of the biggest spenders in the football world.

With Francesco Guidolin hired to replace Deschamps, one of Pastor's first tasks was to hold on to the players who had turned the club into one of the best in Europe. However, he failed to convince them to stay and their replacements were unable to replicate previous successes. Guidolin lasted only one year, before being replaced by assistant coach Laurent Banide who, in turn, only lasted a year, before being replaced by Brazilian Ricardo Gomes. In 2008, after four years at the club featuring six coaches and only mid-table finishes, Pastor left the club amid severe criticism of his management skills.

In 2008, Jérôme de Bontin, a leading shareholder of the club since 2003, took charge of the club, promising a complete shake-up. Under his reign as president, the club brought in players such as Park Chu-young and Freddy Adu, but they did not find much success on the pitch, going through a torrid season and only managing a mid-table finish. De Bontin resigned at the end of the season, replaced by banker Étienne Franzi and a new board of directors. [18]

In July 2009, Ricardo Gomes was replaced by former Cannes and Rennes coach Guy Lacombe, inheriting a youthful squad featuring numerous highly lauded youth team prospects, including Cédric Mongongu, Serge Gakpé, Vincent Muratori, Frédéric Nimani, Nicolas N'Koulou, Park Chu-young, Yohan Mollo and Yohann Thuram-Ulien. [19] Lacombe led Monaco to eighth place in Ligue 1 in his first season in charge, but he was unable to replicate this performance in his second season and was sacked in January 2011, with Monaco in 17th place in Ligue 1. He was replaced by former coach Laurent Banide, who was unable to turn around the club's fortunes; Monaco finished the 2010–11 season in 18th, thus becoming relegated to Ligue 2.

In December 2011, 66.67% of the club was sold to the Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev (via a trust under his daughter Ekaterina's name) while the club were bottom of Ligue 2. [7] Banide was sacked due to this poor start to the 2011–12 season, and was replaced by Italian manager Marco Simone. Although he lifted the club to eighth by the end of the season, the club's board targeted promotion for the upcoming season and so fired him and appointed his compatriot Claudio Ranieri, whose attacking style of football saw the club score 64 goals in the 2012–13 season. With the club only losing four times, Monaco finished the season as champions, earning promotion back to Ligue 1. Using Rybolovlev's funds, Monaco were one of the biggest spenders in Europe in 2013, spending roughly £140 million, including a club-record £50 million for Radamel Falcao from Atlético Madrid and £40 million for James Rodríguez from FC Porto. [20] Monaco finished in 2nd place in Ligue 1 in the 2013–14 season and Ranieri was replaced by Leonardo Jardim. The following season, Monaco cut expenses, selling Rodriguez to Real Madrid for €75m and loaning Falcao to Manchester United. Despite the high-profile departures, Monaco finished in 3rd place in Ligue 1 and made it to the quarter-finals of the Champions League, defeating Arsenal in the Round of 16 before exiting at the hands of Juventus. Top-scorer from the 2013–14 season Anthony Martial, who managed 12 goals in all competitions, departing for Manchester United in the summer for a fee of €60m, the highest fee paid for a teenager in football history. [21] This, combined with the sales of Geoffrey Kondogbia, Layvin Kurzawa, Yannick Carrasco, Aymen Abdennour, Lucas Ocampos and other, saw the Monegasque club earn over €180m in the transfer window.

Ligue 1 triumph and aftermath (2016–present)

Monaco won the Ligue 1 title on 17 May 2017, defeating AS Saint-Étienne 2–0. [22] Radamel Falcao and Kylian Mbappé scored 30 and 26 goals respectively to ensure a first Ligue 1 title in 17 years. Monaco went undefeated for the last 20 games of the season, winning 18 of those 20 games.

In the 2016–17 UEFA Champions League, Monaco staged a dramatic comeback in the Round of 16, losing the first leg 5–3 to Manchester City [23] before beating the English side 3–1 at home to win on away goals. Monaco then defeated Borussia Dortmund 6–3 on aggregate before going down 4–1 over two legs to Juventus. In the summer, Kylian Mbappé went to rivals PSG on loan, with obligation to buy for a fee of €180m, [24] making it the second-highest transfer fee in history after Neymar. Teammates Bernardo Silva and Benjamin Mendy were sold to Manchester City for over €100m combined and Tiémoué Bakayoko was sold to Chelsea for €40 million. Monaco managed to finish 2nd in the 2017–18 Ligue 1, 13 points behind league winners PSG. In the summer of 2018, they also sold Fabinho to Liverpool for €42 million.

Jardim was replaced as coach by Thierry Henry in October 2018 after a poor start to the season. [25] Henry was suspended from his job in January, [26] and Jardim returned days later. [27] Monaco finished the season in 17th, avoiding relegation playoffs by 2 points. [28] In December 2019 Jardim was fired for the second time in 14 months, [29] and former Spain manager Robert Moreno was appointed in his place. [30]

In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic suspended the league on 13 March 2020, and on 28 April 2020, the league was stopped, as the French government banned all sporting events until September. Monaco ended the season in 9th. On 18 July 2020, Robert Moreno was sacked by AS Monaco, and 1 day later, was replaced by former Bayern Munich manager Niko Kovač. They finished the league in third position with 78 points and winning 24 matches from 38 (63%).

Stadium

The iconic nine arches of the Stade Louis II. Stadion von Monaco Seitenansicht.jpg
The iconic nine arches of the Stade Louis II.

Monaco played at the original Stade Louis II since its construction in 1939. In 1985, the stadium was replaced with the current iteration, built on a nearby site consisting of land reclaimed from the Mediterranean, which has become a recurring feature of the stadium's seaside surroundings. The stadium is named after the former Prince of Monaco Louis II and houses a total of 18,523 supporters. [31] [32] The Stade Louis II is noted for its iconic nine arches and has hosted numerous athletic events and European Cup finals. Every August from 1998 to 2012, it hosted each instance of the annual UEFA Super Cup, but from 2013 onward, UEFA decided to rotate the event throughout various stadiums.

Players

Current squad

As of 17 July 2021 [33]
No.Pos.NationPlayer
1 GK Flag of Poland.svg  POL Radosław Majecki
3 DF Flag of Chile.svg  CHI Guillermo Maripán
4 MF Flag of Spain.svg  ESP Cesc Fàbregas
5 DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Benoît Badiashile
6 DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Axel Disasi
7 MF Flag of Portugal.svg  POR Gelson Martins
8 MF Flag of France.svg  FRA Aurélien Tchouaméni
10 FW Flag of France.svg  FRA Wissam Ben Yedder (captain)
12 DF Flag of Brazil.svg  BRA Caio Henrique
13 FW Flag of France.svg  FRA Willem Geubbels
14 DF Flag of Germany.svg  GER Ismail Jakobs
16 GK Flag of Germany.svg  GER Alexander Nübel (on loan from Bayern Munich)
17 MF Flag of Russia.svg  RUS Aleksandr Golovin
19 DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Djibril Sidibé
21 DF Flag of Serbia.svg  SRB Strahinja Pavlović
22 MF Flag of France.svg  FRA Youssouf Fofana
23 DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Giulian Biancone
25 FW Flag of the Netherlands.svg  NED Anthony Musaba
26 DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Ruben Aguilar
No.Pos.NationPlayer
27 FW Flag of Senegal.svg  SEN Krépin Diatta
29 FW Flag of Italy.svg  ITA Pietro Pellegri
30 GK Flag of Italy.svg  ITA Vito Mannone
31 FW Flag of Germany.svg  GER Kevin Volland
33 MF Flag of France.svg  FRA Maghnes Akliouche
34 DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Chrislain Matsima
36 MF Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  BEL Eliot Matazo
37 MF Flag of France.svg  FRA Sofiane Diop
38 MF Flag of France.svg  FRA Enzo Millot
39 FW Flag of France.svg  FRA Wilson Isidor
40 GK Flag of France.svg  FRA Benjamin Lecomte
41 MF Flag of France.svg  FRA Félix Lemaréchal
GK Flag of Brazil.svg  BRA Gabriel Pereira
DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Jean Marcelin
DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Julien Serrano
DF Flag of Italy.svg  ITA Antonio Barreca
MF Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  GNB Pelé
MF Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  BEL Adrien Bongiovanni
FW Flag of Senegal.svg  SEN Keita Baldé

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.Pos.NationPlayer
DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Arthur Zagré (on loan to Utrecht)
MF Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  CIV Jean-Eudes Aholou (on loan to Strasbourg)

Reserves

As of 26 September 2020 [34]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.Pos.NationPlayer
GK Flag of France.svg  FRA Yann Lienard
GK Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  BEL Clément Bamélis
DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Fouad El Maach
DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Yllan Okou
DF Flag of Portugal.svg  POR Amilcar Silva
DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Louis Torres
DF Flag of France.svg  FRA Cheickné Yaffa
MF Flag of Portugal.svg  POR Tiago Ribeiro
MF Flag of France.svg  FRA Loïc Mayoute
MF Flag of Lithuania.svg  LTU Edgaras Utkus
No.Pos.NationPlayer
MF Flag of France.svg  FRA Florian Antognelli
MF Flag of Mali.svg  MLI Abdou Salam Jiddou
MF Flag of Italy.svg  ITA Giuseppe Iglio
MF Flag of France.svg  FRA Florian Baranik
MF Flag of France.svg  FRA Maghnes Akliouche
FW Flag of France.svg  FRA Valentin Decarpentrie
FW Flag of France.svg  FRA Jonathan Bakali
FW Flag of Ghana.svg  GHA Eric Ayiah
FW Flag of Italy.svg  ITA Nicolo Cudrig
FW Flag of France.svg  FRA Gobé Gouano

Management and staff

Senior club staff [35]
Club Management
President Flag of Russia.svg Dmitry Rybolovlev  
Vice-President, Chief Executive Officer Flag of Russia.svg Oleg Petrov
Deputy Director General Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Filips Dhondt
President of the Association Flag of France.svg Michel Aubery
Administrative Director Flag of Russia.svg Olga Dementieva
Sporting Director Flag of England.svg Paul Mitchell [36]
Technical Director Flag of France.svg Laurent Andrinous
Academy Director Flag of France.svg Bertrand Reuzeau [37]
Team Coach Flag of Croatia.svg Niko Kovač
Financial Director Flag of Russia.svg Emmanuel Blanchi
Head of Communication and PR Flag of France.svg Bruno Skropeta
Commercial Director Flag of France.svg Juli Ferre Nadal
Press Officer Flag of France.svg Julien Crevelier

Presidential history

List of presidents
1952–1953 Flag of Monaco.svg Roger-Félix Médecin
1954 Flag of Monaco.svg Joseph Fissore
1955–1956 Flag of Monaco.svg Charles Campora
1956–1957 Flag of Monaco.svg Roger-Félix Médecin
1958–1959 Flag of Monaco.svg Charles Campora
1960–1963 Flag of Monaco.svg Antoine Romagnan
1964–1968 Flag of Monaco.svg Max Principale
1969 Flag of Monaco.svg Edmond Aubert
1970–1972 Flag of Monaco.svg Henry Rey
1973–1974 Flag of Monaco.svg Henri Orengo
1975 Flag of Monaco.svg Henri Corvetto
1976–2003 Flag of Monaco.svg Jean-Louis Campora
2003–2004 Flag of Monaco.svg Pierre Svara
2004–2008 Flag of Monaco.svg Michel Pastor
2008–2009 Flag of France.svg Jérôme de Bontin
2009–2011 Flag of Monaco.svg Étienne Franzi
2011– Flag of Russia.svg Dmitry Rybolovlev

Coaching history

List of coaches
1948–1950 Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg Jean Batmale
1950–1952 Flag of Romania (1948-1952).svg Elek Schwartz
1952–1953 Flag of Italy.svg Angelo Grizzetti
1953–1956 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Ludwic Dupal
1956–1957 Flag of Austria.svg Anton Marek
1957–1958 Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg Louis Pirroni
1958–1963 Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg Lucien Leduc
1963–1965 Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg Roger Courtois
1965–1966 Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg Louis Pirroni
1966–1969 Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg Pierre Sinibaldi
1969–1970 Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg Louis Pirroni / Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg Robert Domergue
1970–1972 Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg Jean Luciano
1972–1974 Flag of Argentina.svg Ruben Bravo
1974–1975 Flag of Argentina.svg Alberto Muro
1976–1977 Flag of Monaco.svg Armand Forcherio
1977–1979 Flag of France.svg Lucien Leduc
1979–1983 Flag of France.svg Gérard Banide
1983–1986 Flag of France.svg Lucien Muller
1986–1987 Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg Ștefan Kovács
1987–1994 Flag of France.svg Arsène Wenger
1994 Flag of France.svg Jean Petit
1994–1995 Flag of France.svg Jean-Luc Ettori
1995 Flag of France.svg Gérard Banide
1995–1999 Flag of France.svg Jean Tigana
1999–2001 Flag of France.svg Claude Puel
2001–2005 Flag of France.svg Didier Deschamps
2005 Flag of France.svg Jean Petit
2005–2006 Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg Francesco Guidolin
2006 Flag of Romania.svg László Bölöni
2006–2007 Flag of France.svg Laurent Banide
2007–2009 Flag of Brazil.svg Ricardo Gomes
2009–2011 Flag of France.svg Guy Lacombe
2011 Flag of France.svg Laurent Banide
2011–2012 Flag of Italy.svg Marco Simone
2012–2014 Flag of Italy.svg Claudio Ranieri
2014–2018 Flag of Portugal.svg Leonardo Jardim
2018–2019 Flag of France.svg Thierry Henry
2019 Flag of Portugal.svg Leonardo Jardim
2019–2020 Flag of Spain.svg Robert Moreno
2020– Flag of Croatia.svg Niko Kovač

Honours

Domestic competitions

European

UEFA club coefficient ranking

As of 14 May 2021 [38]
RankTeamPoints
24 Flag of Germany.svg FC Schalke 04 63.000
25 Flag of Turkey.svg Beşiktaş J.K. 62.000
26 Flag of Monaco.svg Monaco62.000
27 Flag of France.svg Olympique Lyonnais 61.500
28 Flag of Germany.svg Bayer 04 Leverkusen 61.000

Records

Delio Onnis scored a club record 223 goals for Monaco Onnisgimnasia1970.jpg
Delio Onnis scored a club record 223 goals for Monaco
NameGames
Flag of France.svg Jean-Luc Ettori 755
Flag of France.svg Claude Puel 602
Flag of France.svg Jean Petit 428
Flag of France.svg Manuel Amoros 349
Flag of France.svg Christian Dalger 334
Flag of France.svg Marcel Dib 326
Flag of France.svg François Ludo 319
Flag of France.svg Luc Sonor 315
Flag of France.svg Michel Hidalgo 304
Flag of Monaco.svg Armand Forcherio 303
NameGoals
Flag of Argentina.svg Delio Onnis 223
Flag of France.svg Lucien Cossou 114
Flag of France.svg Christian Dalger 89
Flag of Colombia.svg Radamel Falcao 83
Flag of France.svg Jean Petit 78
Flag of Nigeria.svg Victor Ikpeba 77
Flag of France.svg Yvon Douis 74
Flag of France.svg Youri Djorkaeff 68
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Shabani Nonda
Flag of Brazil.svg Sonny Anderson
67
Flag of Liberia.svg George Weah
Flag of France.svg Ludovic Giuly
66

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