2006 FIFA World Cup

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2006 FIFA World Cup
FIFA Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft
Deutschland 2006
2006 FIFA World Cup.svg
2006 FIFA World Cup official logo
Eine Zeit, um Freunde zu finden
(A time to make friends)
Tournament details
Host countryGermany
Dates9 June – 9 July
Teams32 (from 6 confederations)
Venue(s)12 (in 12 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy (4th title)
Runners-upFlag of France.svg  France
Third placeFlag of Germany.svg  Germany
Fourth placeFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Tournament statistics
Matches played64
Goals scored147 (2.3 per match)
Attendance3,359,439 (52,491 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Germany.svg Miroslav Klose
(5 goals)
Best player(s) Flag of France.svg Zinedine Zidane
Best young player Flag of Germany.svg Lukas Podolski
Best goalkeeper Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg Gianluigi Buffon
Fair play awardFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
2002
2010

The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament. It was held from 9 June to 9 July 2006 in Germany, which won the right to host the event in July 2000. Teams representing 198 national football associations from all six populated continents participated in the qualification process which began in September 2003. Thirty-one teams qualified from this process, along with the host nation, Germany, for the finals tournament. It was the second time that Germany staged the competition (the first was in 1974 as West Germany), and the tenth time that it was held in Europe.

FIFA World Cup association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Contents

Italy won the tournament, claiming their fourth World Cup title. They defeated France 5–3 in a penalty shoot-out in the final, after extra time had finished in a 1–1 draw. Germany defeated Portugal 3–1 to finish in third place. Angola, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Trinidad and Tobago, and Togo made their first appearances in the finals. It was also the first appearance of Serbia and Montenegro under that name; they had previously appeared in 1998 as Yugoslavia.

Italy national football team mens national association football team representing Italy

The Italy national football team has officially represented Italy in association football since their first match in 1910. The squad is under the global jurisdiction of FIFA and is governed in Europe by UEFA—the latter of which was co-founded by the Italian team's supervising body, the Italian Football Federation (FIGC). Italy's home matches are played at various stadiums throughout Italy, and their primary training ground is located at the FIGC headquarters in Coverciano, Florence.

France national football team mens national association football team representing France

The France national football team represents France in international football and is controlled by the French Football Federation, also known as FFF, or in French: Fédération française de football. The team's colours are blue, white and red, and the coq gaulois its symbol. France are colloquially known as Les Bleus. The French side are the reigning World Cup holders, having won the 2018 FIFA World Cup on 15 July 2018.

A penalty shoot-out is a method of determining which team is awarded victory in an association football match that cannot end in a draw, when the score is tied after the regulation playing time as well as extra time have expired. In a penalty shoot-out, each team takes turns shooting at goal from the penalty mark, with the goal only defended by the opposing team's goalkeeper. Each team has five shots which must be taken by different kickers; the team that makes more successful kicks is declared the victor. Shoot-outs finish as soon as one team has an insurmountable lead. If scores are level after five pairs of shots, the shootout progresses into additional "sudden-death" rounds. Balls successfully kicked into the goal during a shoot-out do not count as goals for the individual kickers or the team, and are tallied separately from the goals scored during normal play. Although the procedure for each individual kick in the shoot-out resembles that of a penalty kick, there are some differences. Most notably, neither the kicker nor any player other than the goalkeeper may play the ball again once it has been kicked.

The 2006 World Cup stands as one of the most watched events in television history, garnering an estimated 26.29 billion times viewed, compiled over the course of the tournament. The final attracted an estimated audience of 715.1 million people. [1]

Host selection

The vote to choose the hosts of the 2006 tournament was held in July 2000 in Zürich, Switzerland. It involved four bidding nations after Brazil had withdrawn three days earlier: Germany, South Africa, England and Morocco. [2] Three rounds of voting were required, each round eliminating the nation with the fewest votes. The first two rounds were held on 6 July 2000, and the final round was held on 7 July 2000, which Germany won over South Africa.

Zürich Place in Switzerland

Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich. It is located in north-central Switzerland at the northwestern tip of Lake Zürich. The municipality has approximately 409,000 inhabitants, the urban agglomeration 1.315 million and the Zürich metropolitan area 1.83 million. Zürich is a hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. Both Zürich Airport and railway station are the largest and busiest in the country.

Brazil Federal republic in South America

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Voting results [3]
CountryRound 1Round 2Round 3
Flag of Germany.svg Germany101112
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa61111
Flag of England.svg England52
Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco3

Bribery and corruption allegations

Accusations of bribery and corruption had marred the success of Germany's bid from the very beginning. On the very day of the vote, a hoax bribery affair was made public, leading to calls for a re-vote. [4] On the night before the vote, German satirical magazine Titanic sent letters to FIFA representatives, offering joke gifts like cuckoo clocks and Black Forest ham in exchange for their vote for Germany. Oceania delegate Charlie Dempsey, who had initially backed England, had then been instructed to support South Africa following England's elimination. He abstained, citing "intolerable pressure" on the eve of the vote. [5] Had Dempsey voted as originally instructed, the vote would have resulted with a 12–12 tie, and FIFA president Sepp Blatter, who favoured the South African bid, [6] would have had to cast the deciding vote. [7]

<i>Titanic</i> (magazine) German satiric magazine

Titanic is a German monthly satirical magazine based in Frankfurt. It has a circulation of approximately 100,000.

Black Forest ham

Black Forest ham, or Schwarzwälder Schinken in German, is a variety of dry-cured smoked ham, produced in the Black Forest region of Germany.

Charles John Dempsey was a Scottish–born New Zealand association football administrator, who in July 2000 abstained from FIFA's final round of voting for the 2006 FIFA World Cup, in a move which eventually saw the competition being awarded to Germany, rather than South Africa.

More irregularities surfaced soon after, including, in the months leading up to the decision, the sudden interest of German politicians and major businesses in the four Asian countries whose delegates were decisive for the vote. [8] Just a week before the vote, the German government under Chancellor Gerhard Schröder lifted their arms embargo on Saudi Arabia and agreed to send grenade launchers to the country. DaimlerChrysler invested several hundred million Euro in Hyundai, while one of the sons of the company's founders was a member of FIFA's executive committee. Both Volkswagen and Bayer announced investments in Thailand and South Korea, whose respective delegates Worawi Makudi and Chung Jong-Moon were possible votes for Germany. [8] [9] Makudi additionally received a payment by a company of German media mogul Leo Kirch, who also paid millions for usually worthless TV rights for friendly matches of the German team and FC Bayern Munich. [8] [9]

Chancellor of Germany Head of government of Germany

The title Chancellor has designated different offices in the history of Germany. It is currently used for the Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, the head of government of Germany.

Gerhard Schröder German politician (SPD)

Gerhard Fritz Kurt Schröder is a German politician, and served as Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005, during which his most important political project was the Agenda 2010. As a member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD), he led a coalition government of the SPD and the Greens.

Saudi Arabia Country in Western Asia

Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula. With a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km2 (830,000 sq mi), Saudi Arabia is geographically the largest sovereign state in the Middle East, the second-largest in the Arab world, the fifth-largest in Asia, and the 12th-largest in the world. Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba. It is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland and mountains. As of October 2018, the Saudi economy was the largest in the Middle East and the 18th largest in the world. Saudi Arabia also enjoys one of the world's youngest populations; 50% of its 33.4 million people are under 25 years old.

On 16 October 2015, the German news magazine Der Spiegel alleged that a slush fund with money from then-Adidas CEO Robert Louis-Dreyfus was used to influence the vote of four Asian members of the FIFA executive committee. [10] The sum of 6.7 million Euro was later demanded back by Dreyfus. In order to retrieve the money, the Organizing Committee paid an equivalent sum to the FIFA, allegedly as a German share for the cost of a closing ceremony, which never materialized. [8] Wolfgang Niersbach, president of the German Football Association (DFB), denied the allegations on 17 October 2015, saying that "the World Cup was not bought" and that he could "absolutely and categorically rule out the existence of a slush fund". The DFB announced they would consider seeking legal action against Der Spiegel. [11] During a press conference on 22 October 2015, Nierbach repeated his stance, emphasizing that the 6,7 million were used in 2002 to secure a subsidy by FIFA. [12] According to Niersbach, the payment had been agreed upon during a meeting between Franz Beckenbauer and FIFA president Blatter, with the money being provided by Dreyfus. On the same day, FIFA contradicted Niersbach's statement, saying: "By our current state of knowledge, no such payment of 10 million Franks was registered by FIFA in 2002." [13] The following day, former DFB president Theo Zwanziger publicly accused Niersbach of lying, saying: "It is evident that there was a slush fund for the German World Cup application". According to Zwanziger, the 6.7 million Euros went to Mohamed Bin Hammam, who at the time was supporting Blatter's campaign for president against Issa Hayatou. [14]

On 22 March 2016 it was announced that the FIFA Ethics Committee was opening proceedings into the bid. [15] [16] [17]

Qualification

198 teams attempted to qualify for the 2006 World Cup. [18] Germany, the host nation, was granted automatic qualification, with the remaining 31 finals places divided among the continental confederations. Thirteen places were contested by UEFA teams (Europe), five by CAF teams (Africa), four by CONMEBOL teams (South America), four by AFC teams (Asia), and three by CONCACAF teams (North and Central America and Caribbean). The remaining two places were decided by playoffs between AFC and CONCACAF and between CONMEBOL and OFC (Oceania).

Eight nations qualified for the finals for the first time: Angola, Czech Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Ukraine, and Serbia and Montenegro. Czech Republic and Ukraine were making their first appearance as independent nations, but had previously been represented as part of Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union respectively; Serbia and Montenegro had competed as Yugoslavia in 1998, as well as making up part of Yugoslav teams from 1930 to 1990. As of 2018, this was the last time Togo, Angola, Czech Republic, Ukraine and Trinidad and Tobago qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, and the last time Uruguay and Nigeria failed to qualify.

Australia qualified for the first time since 1974. Among the teams who failed to qualify were 2002 third-placed team Turkey, quarter-finalists Senegal, Euro 2004 winners Greece and 2006 Africa Cup of Nations winners Egypt. Additionally, Belgium failed to qualify for the first time since 1978 and Cameroon failed to qualify for the first time since 1986. The other notable qualifying streaks broken were for Nigeria, who had made the previous three tournaments, and Denmark and South Africa, who had both qualified for the previous two. France had their first successful qualifying campaign since 1986, as they did not qualify for the 1990 and 1994 World Cups, in 1998 they were automatically qualified as hosts and in 2002 as defending champions.

For the first time since the 1982 World Cup, all six confederations were represented at the finals tournament.

The State Union of Serbia and Montenegro dissolved prior to the start of the World Cup, on 3 June 2006, with Serbia and Montenegro becoming independent countries; their team competed at the World Cup unaffected. Their involvement in the competition became the first time since the Commonwealth of Independent States appeared at UEFA Euro 1992, a team formed to take the Soviet Union's place following dissolution, that multiple sovereign states had been represented in the finals of a major footballing tournament by a single team and the only occurrence in the World Cup finals to date. The highest ranked team not to qualify was Denmark (ranked 11th), while the lowest ranked team that did qualify was Togo (ranked 61st).

List of qualified teams

The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings, [19] qualified for the final tournament:

Venues

In 2006, Germany had a plethora of football stadia that satisfied FIFA's minimum capacity of 40,000 seats for World Cup matches. The still-standing Olympiastadion in Munich (69,250), the venue for the 1974 final match was not used for the tournament, even though FIFA's regulations allow one city to use two stadia. Düsseldorf's LTU Arena (51,500), Bremen's Weserstadion (43,000) and Mönchengladbach's Borussia-Park (46,249) were also not used.

Twelve stadia were selected to host the World Cup matches. During the tournament, many of them were known by different names, as FIFA prohibits sponsorship of stadia unless the stadium sponsors are also official FIFA sponsors. [21] For example, the Allianz Arena in Munich was known during the competition as FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich (German: FIFA WM-Stadion München), and even the letters of the company Allianz were removed or covered. [21] Some of the stadia also had a lower capacity for the World Cup, as FIFA regulations ban standing room; nonetheless, this was accommodated as several stadia had a UEFA five-star ranking. The stadia in Berlin, Munich, Dortmund and Stuttgart hosted six matches each, while the other eight stadia hosted five matches each.

Berlin Munich Dortmund Stuttgart
Olympiastadion Allianz Arena
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich)
Westfalenstadion
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Dortmund)
Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion
52°30′53″N13°14′22″E / 52.51472°N 13.23944°E / 52.51472; 13.23944 (Olympiastadion (Berlin)) 48°13′7.59″N11°37′29.11″E / 48.2187750°N 11.6247528°E / 48.2187750; 11.6247528 (Allianz Arena) 51°29′33.25″N7°27′6.63″E / 51.4925694°N 7.4518417°E / 51.4925694; 7.4518417 (Signal Iduna Park) 48°47′32.17″N9°13′55.31″E / 48.7922694°N 9.2320306°E / 48.7922694; 9.2320306 (Mercedes-Benz Arena)
Capacity: 72,000 [22] Capacity: 66,000 [23] Capacity: 65,000 [24] Capacity: 52,000 [25]
Stade Olympique Berlin Ext.JPG Munchen - Allianz-Arena (Luftbild).jpg Signal Iduna Park, Dortmund (10570049065).jpg Luftbild Daimlerstadion Schleyerhalle Porsche-Arena.jpg
Gelsenkirchen Hamburg
Arena AufSchalke Dagger-14-plain.png
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Gelsenkirchen)
Volksparkstadion
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hamburg)
51°33′16.21″N7°4′3.32″E / 51.5545028°N 7.0675889°E / 51.5545028; 7.0675889 (Arena AufSchalke) 53°35′13.77″N9°53′55.02″E / 53.5871583°N 9.8986167°E / 53.5871583; 9.8986167 (AOL Arena)
Capacity: 52,000 [26] Capacity: 50,000 [27]
Veltins-arena-2016.jpg RK 1009 9831 Volksparkstadion.jpg
Frankfurt Kaiserslautern
Commerzbank-Arena Dagger-14-plain.png
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Frankfurt)
Fritz-Walter-Stadion
50°4′6.86″N8°38′43.65″E / 50.0685722°N 8.6454583°E / 50.0685722; 8.6454583 (Commerzbank Arena) 49°26′4.96″N7°46′35.24″E / 49.4347111°N 7.7764556°E / 49.4347111; 7.7764556 (Fritz-Walter-Stadion)
Capacity: 48,000 [28] Capacity: 46,000 [29]
Aerial view of Commerzbank-Arena.jpg Kaiserslautern 03.jpg
Cologne Hanover Leipzig Nuremberg
RheinEnergieStadion
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Cologne)
Niedersachsenstadion
(FIFA World Cup Stadium, Hanover)
Zentralstadion Max-Morlock-Stadion
(Frankenstadion)
50°56′0.59″N6°52′29.99″E / 50.9334972°N 6.8749972°E / 50.9334972; 6.8749972 (RheinEnergie Stadion) 52°21′36.24″N9°43′52.31″E / 52.3600667°N 9.7311972°E / 52.3600667; 9.7311972 (AWD-Arena) 51°20′44.86″N12°20′53.59″E / 51.3457944°N 12.3482194°E / 51.3457944; 12.3482194 (Zentralstadion) 49°25′34″N11°7′33″E / 49.42611°N 11.12583°E / 49.42611; 11.12583 (EasyCredit-Stadion)
Capacity: 45,000 [30] Capacity: 43,000 [31] Capacity: 43,000 [32] Capacity: 41,000 [33]
Rhein Energie Stadion Luftbild - aerial (20152327046).jpg HDI-Arena 5612.JPG Leipzig von oben Zentralstadion.jpg Frankenstadion.jpg

Team base camps

Base camps were used by the 32 national squads to stay and train before and during the World Cup tournament. FIFA announced the base camps for each participating team. [34]

Match officials

ConfederationRefereeAssistants
AFC Toru Kamikawa (Japan)Yoshikazu Hiroshima (Japan)
Kim Dae-Young (South Korea)
Shamsul Maidin (Singapore)Prachya Permpanich (Thailand)
Eisa Ghoulom (United Arab Emirates)
CAF Coffi Codjia (Benin)Aboudou Aderodjou (Benin)
Célestin Ntagungira (Rwanda)
Essam Abd El Fatah (Egypt)Dramane Dante (Mali)
Mamadou N'Doye (Senegal)
CONCACAF Benito Archundia (Mexico)José Ramírez (Mexico)
Héctor Vergara (Canada)
Marco Rodríguez (Mexico)José Luis Camargo (Mexico)
Leonel Leal (Costa Rica)
CONMEBOL Horacio Elizondo (Argentina)Darío García (Argentina)
Rodolfo Otero (Argentina)
Carlos Simon (Brazil)Aristeu Tavares (Brazil)
Ednílson Corona (Brazil)
Óscar Ruiz (Colombia)José Navia (Colombia)
Fernando Tamayo (Ecuador)
Carlos Amarilla (Paraguay)Amelio Andino (Paraguay)
Manuel Bernal (Paraguay)
Jorge Larrionda (Uruguay)Wálter Rial (Uruguay)
Pablo Fandiño (Uruguay)
OFC Mark Shield (Australia)Nathan Gibson (Australia)
Ben Wilson (Australia)
UEFA Frank De Bleeckere (Belgium)Peter Hermans (Belgium)
Walter Vromans (Belgium)
Graham Poll (England)Philip Sharp (England)
Glenn Turner (England)
Éric Poulat (France)Lionel Dagorne (France)
Vincent Texier (France)
Markus Merk (Germany)Jan-Hendrik Salver (Germany)
Christian Schraer (Germany)
Roberto Rosetti (Italy)Alessandro Stagnelli (Italy)
Cristiano Copelli (Italy)
Valentin Ivanov (Russia)Nikolay Golubev (Russia)
Evgueni Volnin (Russia)
Ľuboš Micheľ (Slovakia)Roman Slyško (Slovakia)
Martin Balko (Slovakia)
Luis Medina Cantalejo (Spain)Victoriano Giraldez Carrasco (Spain)
Pedro Medina Hernández (Spain)
Massimo Busacca (Switzerland)Francesco Buragina (Switzerland)
Matthias Arnet (Switzerland)

Squads

Squads for the 2006 World Cup consisted of 23 players, as in the previous tournament in 2002. Each participating national association had to confirm its 23-player squad by 15 May 2006. [35]

Groups

Seeds

The eight seeded teams for the 2006 tournament were announced on 6 December 2005. The seeds comprised Pot A in the draw. Pot B contained the unseeded qualifiers from South America, Africa and Oceania; Pot C contained eight of the nine remaining European teams, excluding Serbia and Montenegro. Pot D contained unseeded teams from the CONCACAF region and Asia. A special pot contained Serbia and Montenegro: this was done to ensure that no group contained three European teams. [36] In the special pot, Serbia and Montenegro was drawn first, then their group was drawn from the three seeded non-European nations, Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico.

It had been predetermined that, as the host, Germany would be placed in Group A, thus being assured of the venues of their group matches in advance of the draw. FIFA had also announced in advance that Brazil (the defending champion) would be allocated to Group F.

Pot APot BPot CPot DSpecial Pot

Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Flag of England.svg  England
Flag of France.svg  France
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain

Flag of Angola.svg  Angola
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast
Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay
Flag of Togo.svg  Togo
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia

Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine

Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
Flag of the United States.svg  United States

Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.svg  Serbia and Montenegro

On 9 December 2005 the draw was held, and the group assignments and order of matches were determined. After the draw was completed, commentators remarked that Group C appeared to be the group of death, while others suggested Group E. [37] [38] Argentina and the Netherlands both qualified with a game to spare with wins over Ivory Coast and Serbia and Montenegro respectively.

Group system

The first round, or group stage, saw the thirty-two teams divided into eight groups of four teams. Each group was a round-robin of three games, where each team played one match against each of the other teams in the same group. Teams were awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and none for a defeat. The teams coming first and second in each group qualified for the Round of 16.

Ranking criteria

If teams were level on points, they were ranked on the following criteria in order:

  1. Greatest total goal difference in the three group matches
  2. Greatest number of goals scored in the three group matches
  3. If teams remained level after those criteria, a mini-group would be formed from those teams, who would be ranked on:
    1. Most points earned in matches against other teams in the tie
    2. Greatest goal difference in matches against other teams in the tie
    3. Greatest number of goals scored in matches against other teams in the tie
  4. If teams remained level after all these criteria, FIFA would hold a drawing of lots

In the original version of the rules for the final tournament, the ranking criteria were in a different order, with head-to-head results taking precedence over total goal difference. The rules were changed to the above in advance of the tournament, but older versions were still available on the FIFA and UEFA websites, causing some confusion among those trying to identify the correct criteria. [39] In any event, the final tournament saw only two pairs of teams level on points: Argentina and the Netherlands at 7 points in Group C; Tunisia and Saudi Arabia at 1 point in Group H. Both of these ties were resolved on total goal difference. Also, in both cases the teams had tied their match, so the order of ranking criteria made no difference.

Finals tournament

2006 FIFA World Cup opening ceremony in Munich FIFA World Cup 2006 Opening Ceremony.jpg
2006 FIFA World Cup opening ceremony in Munich

The finals tournament of the 2006 World Cup began on 9 June. The 32 teams were divided into eight groups of four teams each, within which the teams competed in a round-robin tournament to determine which two of those four teams would advance to the sixteen-team knock-out stage, which started on 24 June. In total, 64 games were played.

Hosting

Although Germany failed to win the Cup, the tournament was considered a great success for Germany in general. Germany also experienced a sudden increase in patriotic spirit with flag waving, traditionally frowned upon by German society since World War II, whenever the German team played. [40] For the closing ceremonies, Matthias Keller composed a work performed simultaneously by the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra, the Bavarian State Orchestra and the Bavarian Radio Orchestra with conductors Christian Thielemann, Zubin Mehta, and Mariss Jansons, and soloists Diana Damrau, Plácido Domingo and Lang Lang.

Traditional powers dominate

Despite early success by Australia, Ecuador and Ghana, the tournament marked a return to dominance of the traditional football powers. Four years after a 2002 tournament in which teams from North America (United States), Africa (Senegal), and Asia (South Korea) made it deep into the knockout stages and Turkey finished third, all eight seeded teams progressed to the knockout stages, and none of the quarter-finalists were from outside Europe or South America. Six former champions took part in the quarter-final round, with Ukraine and Euro 2004 runners-up Portugal as the only relative outsiders. [41] Argentina and Brazil were eliminated in the quarter-finals, leaving an all-European final four for only the fourth time (after the 1934, 1966 and 1982 tournaments).

Scoring

Despite the early goals that flooded the group stages, the knock-out phase had a much lower goals per match ratio. A prime example of the dearth of goals was Portugal, which only scored in the 23rd minute of the Round of 16, and did not score again until the 88th minute of the third place play-off. No player managed to score a hat-trick in this tournament. Italy, Germany, Argentina, Brazil and France were the only teams to score more than one goal in a knockout match. Germany was one of the exceptions, tending to play an attacking style of football throughout the knock-out stage, which was reflected by the fact that they scored the most goals (14), with players from all three outfield positions (defence, midfield and forward) making the scoresheet.

Germany's Miroslav Klose scored five goals to claim the Golden Boot, the lowest total to win the prize since 1962. No other player scored more than three goals. No player from the winning Italian squad scored more than two goals, though ten players had scored for the team, tying France's record in 1982 for the most goalscorers from any one team.

For the first time ever in the FIFA World Cup, the first and last goals of the tournament were scored by defenders. Philipp Lahm, the German left wingback, scored the opener against Costa Rica after only 5 minutes of the opening match. In the final, Marco Materazzi, the Italian centre back, out-jumped Patrick Vieira and headed in the last goal of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

Unprecedented number of cards

The tournament had a record number of yellow and red cards, breaking the previous record set by the 1998 World Cup. Players received a record-breaking 345 yellow cards and 28 red cards, with Russian referee Valentin Ivanov handing out 16 yellow and 4 red cards in the round of 16 match between Portugal and the Netherlands, in a match known as the Battle of Nuremberg. Portugal had two players suspended for each of the quarter-final and semi-final matches, respectively. FIFA President Sepp Blatter hinted that he may allow some rule changes for future tournaments so that earlier accumulated bookings will not force players to miss the final, should their teams make it that far. The tournament also saw English referee Graham Poll mistakenly hand out three yellow cards to Croatia's Josip Šimunić in their match against Australia.

The high number of yellow and red cards shown also prompted discussion about the referees. FIFA Officials and President Sepp Blatter received criticism for allegedly making rules too rigid and taking discretion away from referees. [42]

Results

Group stage

Champion
Runner-up
Third place
Fourth place
Quarter-finals
Round of 16
Group stage 2006 world cup.png
  Champion
  Runner-up
  Third place
  Fourth place
  Quarter-finals
  Round of 16
  Group stage

All times are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2).

In the following tables:

Group A

In the opening match of the tournament, Germany and Costa Rica played a game which ended 4–2 for the host in the highest scoring opening match in the tournament's history. Germany went on to win the Group A after edging Poland and breezing past Ecuador 3–0. Despite the defeat, Ecuador had already joined the host in the Round of 16 having beaten Poland and Costa Rica 2–0 and 3–0, respectively.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Germany.svg  Germany (H)330082+69Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 320153+26
3Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 31022423
4Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 30033960
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
(H) Host.
9 June 2006
Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 4–2 Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Allianz Arena, Munich
Poland  Flag of Poland.svg 0–2 Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador Arena AufSchalke, Gelsenkirchen
14 June 2006
Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 1–0 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Signal Iduna Park, Dortmund
15 June 2006
Ecuador  Flag of Ecuador.svg 3–0 Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica AOL Arena, Hamburg
20 June 2006
Ecuador  Flag of Ecuador.svg 0–3 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Olympiastadion, Berlin
Costa Rica  Flag of Costa Rica.svg 1–2 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland AWD-Arena, Hanover

Group B

In Group B, England and Sweden pushed Paraguay into third place after narrow victories over the South Americans. Trinidad and Tobago earned some international respect after a draw with Sweden in their opening game and managing to hold England scoreless for 83 minutes, until goals from Peter Crouch and Steven Gerrard sealed a 2–0 win for the Three Lions. Sweden qualified for the knockout rounds after drawing 2–2 with England to maintain their 38-year unbeaten record against them.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of England.svg  England 321052+37Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 312032+15
3Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay 31022203
4Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 30120441
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
10 June 2006
England  Flag of England.svg 1–0 Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay Commerzbank-Arena, Frankfurt
Trinidad and Tobago  Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg 0–0 Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Signal Iduna Park, Dortmund
15 June 2006
England  Flag of England.svg 2–0 Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago EasyCredit-Stadion, Nuremberg
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 1–0 Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay Olympiastadion, Berlin
20 June 2006
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 2–2 Flag of England.svg  England RheinEnergieStadion, Cologne
Paraguay  Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg 2–0 Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago Fritz-Walter-Stadion, Kaiserslautern

Group C

Both Argentina and Netherlands qualified from Group C with a game remaining, Argentina topping the group on goal difference having hammered Serbia and Montenegro 6–0 and beating Ivory Coast 2–1. The Dutch picked up 1–0 and 2–1 victories over Serbia and Montenegro and Ivory Coast, respectively. Ivory Coast defeated Serbia and Montenegro 3–2 in their final game, in Serbia and Montenegro's last ever international as the country had dissolved 18 days earlier.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 321081+77Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 321031+27
3Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 31025613
4Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.svg  Serbia and Montenegro 300321080
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
10 June 2006
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 2–1 Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast AOL Arena, Hamburg
11 June 2006
Serbia and Montenegro  Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.svg 0–1 Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Zentralstadion, Leipzig
16 June 2006
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 6–0 Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.svg  Serbia and Montenegro Arena AufSchalke, Gelsenkirchen
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2–1 Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart
21 June 2006
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 0–0 Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Commerzbank-Arena, Frankfurt
Ivory Coast  Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg 3–2 Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.svg  Serbia and Montenegro Allianz Arena, Munich

Group D

Portugal coasted through in Group D, picking up the maximum number of points, with Mexico qualifying in second. Iran missed chances against Mexico in their opening 1–3 defeat and were eliminated in their match against Portugal. They fought hard against the Portuguese, but went down 2–0. Their last game against Angola ended in 1–1 draw. The Africans had a respectable first World Cup tournament after earning draws with Mexico (0–0) and Iran.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 330051+49Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 311143+14
3Flag of Angola.svg  Angola 30211212
4Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 30122641
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
11 June 2006
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 3–1 Flag of Iran.svg  Iran EasyCredit-Stadion, Nuremberg
Angola  Flag of Angola.svg 0–1 Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal RheinEnergieStadion, Cologne
16 June 2006
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 0–0 Flag of Angola.svg  Angola AWD-Arena, Hanover
17 June 2006
Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg 2–0 Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Commerzbank-Arena, Frankfurt
21 June 2006
Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg 2–1 Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Arena AufSchalke, Gelsenkirchen
Iran  Flag of Iran.svg 1–1 Flag of Angola.svg  Angola Zentralstadion, Leipzig

Group E

In Group E, Italy went through to the Round of 16 conceding just one goal (an own goal) in the group phase against the United States. The US bowed out of the tournament after disappointing results against the Czech Republic and Ghana, 0–3 and 1–2, respectively, despite a 1–1 draw (finishing with 9 vs 10 men) against Italy. Tournament debutant Ghana joined Italy in the round of 16, following victories over the Czech Republic and the United States. Daniele De Rossi was suspended for 4 games following his sending-off against the United States.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy 321051+47Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 320143+16
3Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 31023413
4Flag of the United States.svg  United States 30122641
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
12 June 2006
United States  Flag of the United States.svg 0–3 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Arena AufSchalke, Gelsenkirchen
Italy  Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg 2–0 Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana AWD-Arena, Hanover
17 June 2006
Czech Republic  Flag of the Czech Republic.svg 0–2 Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana RheinEnergieStadion, Cologne
Italy  Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg 1–1 Flag of the United States.svg  United States Fritz-Walter-Stadion, Kaiserslautern
22 June 2006
Czech Republic  Flag of the Czech Republic.svg 0–2 Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy AOL Arena, Hamburg
Ghana  Flag of Ghana.svg 2–1 Flag of the United States.svg  United States EasyCredit-Stadion, Nuremberg

Group F

Group F included the reigning World Champions Brazil, Croatia, Japan, and Australia. Playing in their first World Cup for 32 years, Australia came from behind to defeat Japan 3–1, and, despite losing 0–2 to Brazil, a 2–2 draw with Croatia was enough to give the Australians a place in the Round of 16 in a game where two players were sent-off for second bookings and one, erroneously, for a third booking by English referee Graham Poll. The Brazilians won all three games to qualify first in the group. Their 1–0 win against Croatia was through a goal late in the first-half by Kaká. Croatia and Japan went out of the tournament without a single win.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 330071+69Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 31115504
3Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 30212312
4Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 30122751
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
12 June 2006
Australia  Flag of Australia (converted).svg 3–1 Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Fritz-Walter-Stadion, Kaiserslautern
13 June 2006
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 1–0 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Olympiastadion, Berlin
18 June 2006
Japan  Flag of Japan.svg 0–0 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia EasyCredit-Stadion, Nuremberg
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 2–0 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Allianz Arena, Munich
22 June 2006
Japan  Flag of Japan.svg 1–4 Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Signal Iduna Park, Dortmund
Croatia  Flag of Croatia.svg 2–2 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart

Group G

France only managed a scoreless draw against Switzerland and a 1–1 draw against South Korea. With captain Zinedine Zidane suspended, their 2–0 win against Togo was enough for them to advance to the knockout round. They were joined by the group winners, Switzerland, who defeated South Korea 2–0, and did not concede a goal in the tournament. South Korea won their first World Cup finals match outside their own country in defeating Togo, but four points were not enough to see them through to the round of 16 (the only team for which this was the case), while Togo exited without a point.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 321040+47Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of France.svg  France 312031+25
3Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea 31113414
4Flag of Togo.svg  Togo 30031650
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
13 June 2006
South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg 2–1 Flag of Togo.svg  Togo Commerzbank-Arena, Frankfurt
France  Flag of France.svg 0–0 Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart
18 June 2006
France  Flag of France.svg 1–1 Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea Zentralstadion, Leipzig
19 June 2006
Togo  Flag of Togo.svg 0–2 Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Signal Iduna Park, Dortmund
23 June 2006
Togo  Flag of Togo.svg 0–2 Flag of France.svg  France RheinEnergieStadion, Cologne
Switzerland   Flag of Switzerland.svg 2–0 Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea AWD-Arena, Hanover

Group H

Spain dominated Group H, picking up the maximum number of points, scoring 8 goals, and conceding only 1. Ukraine, despite being beaten 4–0 by Spain in their first World Cup game, took advantage of the weaker opponents to beat Saudi Arabia 4–0 and scrape past Tunisia 1–0 thanks to a 70th-minute penalty by Andriy Shevchenko, to reach the Round of 16. Saudi Arabia and Tunisia went out of the tournament having 1 point each, thanks to a 2–2 draw against each other.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 330081+79Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 320154+16
3Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 30123631
4Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 30122751
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
14 June 2006
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 4–0 Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Zentralstadion, Leipzig
Tunisia  Flag of Tunisia.svg 2–2 Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia Allianz Arena, Munich
19 June 2006
Saudi Arabia  Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 0–4 Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine AOL Arena, Hamburg
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 3–1 Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion, Stuttgart
23 June 2006
Saudi Arabia  Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 0–1 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Fritz-Walter-Stadion, Kaiserslautern
Ukraine  Flag of Ukraine.svg 1–0 Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Olympiastadion, Berlin

Knockout stage

The knockout stage involved the sixteen teams that qualified from the group stage of the tournament. There were four rounds of matches, with each round eliminating half of the teams entering that round. The successive rounds were: round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, and final. There was also a play-off to decide third/fourth place. For each game in the knockout stage, a draw was followed by thirty minutes of extra time (two 15-minute halves); if scores were still level there would be a penalty shoot-out (at least five penalties each, and more if necessary) to determine who progressed to the next round. Scores after extra time are indicated by (aet), and penalty shoot-outs are indicated by (pen.).

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
24 June – Munich
 
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2
 
30 June – Berlin
 
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 0
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany (pen.)1 (4)
 
24 June – Leipzig
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1 (2)
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina (a.e.t.)2
 
4 July – Dortmund
 
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 0
 
26 June – Kaiserslautern
 
Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy (a.e.t.)2
 
Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy 1
 
30 June – Hamburg
 
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 0
 
Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy 3
 
26 June – Cologne
 
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 0
 
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 0 (0)
 
9 July – Berlin
 
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine (pen.)0 (3)
 
Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy (pen.)1 (5)
 
25 June – Stuttgart
 
Flag of France.svg  France 1 (3)
 
Flag of England.svg  England 1
 
1 July – Gelsenkirchen
 
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 0
 
Flag of England.svg  England 0 (1)
 
25 June – Nuremberg
 
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal (pen.)0 (3)
 
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 1
 
5 July – Munich
 
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 0
 
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 0
 
27 June – Dortmund
 
Flag of France.svg  France 1Third place
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3
 
1 July – Frankfurt 8 July – Stuttgart
 
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 0
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 0Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 3
 
27 June – Hanover
 
Flag of France.svg  France 1Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 1
 
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1
 
 
Flag of France.svg  France 3
 

Round of 16

In the second round, conceding two early goals in the first twelve minutes to Germany effectively ended the Swedes' hopes of progressing to the quarter-finals. Argentina struggled to get past Mexico until a Maxi Rodríguez goal in extra time put the Albiceleste in the quarter-finals. Australia's journey ended when Italians were awarded a controversial penalty, scored by Francesco Totti, deep into the remaining seconds of the match. The Italians had spent much of the game with only ten men on the field, following an equally controversial red card shown to centre back Marco Materazzi. In a 0–0 match, Switzerland failed to convert any of their three penalties in the penalty shoot-out against Ukraine to see them exit the competition with an unwanted new record in becoming the first team in a World Cup to fail to convert any penalties in a shootout. Their elimination also meant that they became the first nation to be eliminated from the World Cup without conceding any goals (and indeed the only nation ever to participate in a World Cup finals tournament without conceding a goal).

England struggled against Ecuador but won 1–0 thanks to a David Beckham free kick. Brazil won 3–0 against Ghana, in a game which included Ronaldo's record 15th World Cup goal. Der Spiegel reported that the match may have been influenced by an Asian betting syndicate. [43] Portugal defeated the Netherlands 1–0. The only goal came courtesy of a Maniche strike in an acrimonious match, which marked a new World Cup record with 16 yellow cards (Portugal: 9, the Netherlands: 7) and 4 players being sent off for a second bookable offence. France came from behind to defeat Spain 3–1 thanks to goals from Franck Ribéry, Patrick Vieira, and Zinedine Zidane.

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 2–0 Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Report
Attendance: 66,000
Referee: Carlos Simon (Brazil)

Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 2–1 (a.e.t.)Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Report
Zentralstadion, Leipzig
Attendance: 43,000

England  Flag of England.svg 1–0 Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador
Report

Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg 1–0 Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Report
Attendance: 41,000

Italy  Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg 1–0 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Report


Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 3–0 Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana
Report

Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 1–3 Flag of France.svg  France
Report
Attendance: 43,000

Quarter-finals

Germany and Argentina ended 1–1 after extra time; the hosts edged out the Argentinians 4–2 on penalties to go through to the semifinals (this was the first time Argentina had lost a World Cup penalty shootout: up until this match, both Argentina and Germany had participated in three penalty shootouts, winning all of them). In Gelsenkirchen, when England faced Portugal, Wayne Rooney was sent off, and Portugal won the penalty shoot-out 3–1 after a 0–0 draw to reach their first World Cup semi-final since the days of Eusébio 40 years earlier, and ensure manager Luiz Felipe Scolari's third consecutive tournament quarter-final win over Sven-Göran Eriksson's England.[ citation needed ]

Italy defeated quarter-final debutants Ukraine 3–0. France eliminated Brazil 1–0 to advance into the semi-finals. Brazil only managed one shot on goal, while Zinedine Zidane's dribbling earned him Man of the Match and his free-kick to Thierry Henry resulted in the winning goal.


Italy  Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg 3–0 Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Report
Attendance: 50,000


Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 0–1 Flag of France.svg  France
Report
Commerzbank-Arena, Frankfurt
Attendance: 48,000

Semi-finals

With Argentina and Brazil eliminated in the quarter-finals, an all-European semi-final line up was completed for only the fourth time (after the 1934, 1966 and 1982 tournaments).

The semi-final between Germany and Italy produced an extra time period that went scoreless until the 118th minute, when Italy scored twice through Fabio Grosso and Alessandro Del Piero, putting an end to Germany's undefeated record in Dortmund.

In the second semi-final, Portugal lost to France 1–0 in Munich. In a repeat of the Euro 1984 and Euro 2000 semi-finals, Portugal were defeated by France, with the decisive goal being a penalty scored by France captain Zinedine Zidane.

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 0–2 (a.e.t.)Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy
Report

Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg 0–1 Flag of France.svg  France
Report
Attendance: 66,000

Third place play-off

The hosts got three goals in 20 minutes in the second half with the help of 21-year-old left midfielder Bastian Schweinsteiger. His first goal beat the Portuguese goalkeeper Ricardo with pace over his head. Only 4 minutes later, Schweinsteiger's free kick 30 metres from the left of the penalty box, driven low across goal, was connected with Petit's knee to become an own goal for Portugal. The German did not stop, and netted his second goal, which swerved away to the keeper's left, in the 78th minute.

Portugal were strong in possession but lacked punch in attack; unable to convert 57% possession into goals. Pauleta had two clear chances from 15 metres, but both times hit tame shots that did not trouble keeper Oliver Kahn, who was playing in his last match for the German national team. Portugal got a consolation goal with the help of substitute Luís Figo (also playing the final international game of his career), who almost immediately provided the precise distribution needed to unlock the German defence. A cross from the right wing on 88 minutes found fellow substitute Nuno Gomes at the far post, who dived in for the goal. The game ended 3–1, a result which gave the tournament hosts the bronze medals and left Portugal in fourth place.

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 3–1 Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Report
Attendance: 52,000
Referee: Toru Kamikawa (Japan)

Final

The final started with each side scoring within the first 20 minutes. Zinedine Zidane opened the scoring by converting a controversial seventh-minute penalty kick, [44] which glanced off the underside of the crossbar and bounced beyond the goal line before it spun back up, hit the crossbar again and rebounded out of the goal. [45] Marco Materazzi then levelled the scores in the 19th minute following an Andrea Pirlo corner. Both teams had chances to score the winning goal in normal time: Luca Toni hit the crossbar in the 35th minute for Italy (he later had a header disallowed for offside), while France were not awarded a possible second penalty in the 53rd minute when Florent Malouda went down in the box after a tackle from Gianluca Zambrotta.

At the end of the regulation 90 minutes, the score was still level at 1–1, and the match was forced into extra time. Italian goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon made a potentially game-saving save in extra time when he tipped a Zidane header over the crossbar. Further controversy ensued near the end of extra time, when Zidane head-butted Materazzi in the chest in an off-the-ball incident and was sent off. Extra time produced no further goals and a penalty shootout followed, which Italy won 5–3. France's David Trezeguet, the man who scored the golden goal against Italy in Euro 2000, was the only player not to score his penalty; his spot kick hit the crossbar, landed on the goal line and went out. It was the first all-European final since Italy's triumph over West Germany in the 1982 World Cup, and the second final, after 1994, to be decided on penalties. It was also Italy's first world title in 24 years, and their fourth overall, making them the second most successful World Cup team ever. The victory also helped Italy top the FIFA World Rankings in February 2007 for the first time since November 1993.

Statistics

Goalscorers

Miroslav Klose received the Golden Boot for scoring five goals in the World Cup. In total, 147 goals were scored by 110 players, with four of them credited as own goals.

5 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Awards

Golden Boot Winner Golden Ball Winner Yashin Award Best Young Player FIFA Fair Play Trophy Most Entertaining Team
Flag of Germany.svg Miroslav Klose Flag of France.svg Zinedine Zidane Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg Gianluigi Buffon Flag of Germany.svg Lukas Podolski Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal

FIFA's Technical Study Group (TSG) also granted a Man of the Match award to one player in each match. Italy's Andrea Pirlo won the most Man of the Match awards, with three in total. Miroslav Klose, Agustin Delgado, Arjen Robben, Zé Roberto, Alexander Frei, Michael Ballack, and Patrick Vieira each received two awards.

All-star team

The All-star team is a squad consisting of the 23 most impressive players at the 2006 World Cup, as selected by FIFA's Technical Study Group. The team was chosen from a shortlist of over 50 players, and was selected based on performances from the second round onwards. [46] [47]

GoalkeepersDefendersMidfieldersForwards

Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg Gianluigi Buffon
Flag of Germany.svg Jens Lehmann
Flag of Portugal.svg Ricardo

Flag of Argentina.svg Roberto Ayala
Flag of England.svg John Terry
Flag of France.svg Lilian Thuram
Flag of Germany.svg Philipp Lahm
Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg Fabio Cannavaro
Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg Gianluca Zambrotta
Flag of Portugal.svg Ricardo Carvalho

Flag of Brazil.svg Zé Roberto
Flag of France.svg Patrick Vieira
Flag of France.svg Zinedine Zidane
Flag of Germany.svg Michael Ballack
Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg Andrea Pirlo
Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg Gennaro Gattuso
Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg Francesco Totti
Flag of Portugal.svg Luís Figo
Flag of Portugal.svg Maniche

Flag of Argentina.svg Hernán Crespo
Flag of France.svg Thierry Henry
Flag of Germany.svg Miroslav Klose
Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg Luca Toni

Prize money

A total of CHF332 million was awarded to the 32 teams participating in the tournament. Each team who entered the competition received CHF2 million, with the biggest prize being CHF24.5 million, awarded to the winner of the tournament. [48] Below is a complete list of the prize money allocated: [48] [49]

Final standings

All 32 teams are ranked based on criteria which have been used by FIFA. [50] A penalty shoot-out counts as a draw for both teams.

RTeamGPWDLGFGAGDPts.
1Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy E 7520122+1017
2Flag of France.svg  France G 743093+615
3Flag of Germany.svg  Germany A 7511146+816
4Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal D 741275+213
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil F 5401102+812
6Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina C 5320113+811
7Flag of England.svg  England B 532062+411
8Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine H 521257−27
Eliminated in the round of 16
9Flag of Spain.svg  Spain H 430194+59
10Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland G 422040+48
11Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands C 421132+17
12Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador A 420254+16
13Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana E 420246−26
14Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden B 412134−15
15Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico D 41125504
16Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia F 411256−14
Eliminated in the group stage
17Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea G 311134−14
18Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay B 31022203
19Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast C 310256−13
20Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic E 310234−13
21Flag of Poland.svg  Poland A 310224−23
22Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia F 302123−12
23Flag of Angola.svg  Angola D 302112−12
24Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia H 301236−31
25Flag of Iran.svg  Iran D 301226−41
Flag of the United States.svg  United States E 301226−41
27Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago B 301204−41
28Flag of Japan.svg  Japan F 301227−51
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia H 301227−51
30Flag of Togo.svg  Togo G 300316−50
31Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica A 300339−60
32Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.svg  Serbia and Montenegro C 3003210−80

Sponsorship

The sponsors of the 2006 World Cup consisted of 15 FIFA Partners. [51]

FIFA partnersFIFA partnersFIFA partners

See also

2006 FIFA World Cup Belgian Coin 2005 Belgium 20 Euro FIFA World Cup front.JPG
2006 FIFA World Cup Belgian Coin

References and footnotes

  1. "World Cup and Television" (PDF). FIFA. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2007.
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