UEFA Euro 1992

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1992 UEFA European Football Championship
Europamästerskapet i fotboll
Sverige 1992

UEFA Euro 1992 logo.svg

UEFA Euro 1992 official logo
Small is Beautiful
Tournament details
Host country Sweden
Dates 10–26 June
Teams 8
Venue(s) 4 (in 4 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Denmark.svg  Denmark (1st title)
Runners-upFlag of Germany.svg  Germany
Tournament statistics
Matches played 15
Goals scored 32 (2.13 per match)
Attendance 430,111 (28,674 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Denmark.svg Henrik Larsen
Flag of Germany.svg Karl-Heinz Riedle
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dennis Bergkamp
Flag of Sweden.svg Tomas Brolin
(3 goals each)
1988
1996

The 1992 UEFA European Football Championship was hosted by Sweden between 10 and 26 June 1992. It was the ninth European Football Championship, which is held every four years and supported by UEFA.

UEFA international sport governing body

The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football, futsal and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members.

Contents

Denmark won the 1992 championship. The team had qualified only after Yugoslavia was disqualified as a result of the breakup and warfare in the country. Eight national teams contested the finals tournament. [1]

Denmark national football team mens national association football team representing Denmark

The Denmark national football team represents Denmark in association football and is controlled by the Danish Football Association (DBU), the governing body for the football clubs which are organized under DBU. Denmark's home ground is Parken Stadium in the Østerbro district of Copenhagen, and their head coach is Åge Hareide.

Yugoslavia national football team former mens national association football team representing Yugoslavia

The Yugoslavia national football team represented the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in association football. It enjoyed success in international competition. In 1992, during the Yugoslav wars, the team was suspended from international competition as part of a United Nations sanction. In 1994, when the boycott was lifted, it was succeeded by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia national football team.

Breakup of Yugoslavia process starting in mid-1991 leading to the abolishment of the state of Yugoslavia

The breakup of Yugoslavia occurred as a result of a series of political upheavals and conflicts during the early 1990s. After a period of political and economic crisis in the 1980s, constituent republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia split apart, but the unresolved issues caused bitter inter-ethnic Yugoslav wars. The wars primarily affected Bosnia and Herzegovina, neighboring parts of Croatia and some years later, Kosovo.

Also present at the tournament was the CIS national football team (Commonwealth of Independent States), representing the recently dissolved Soviet Union whose national team had qualified for the tournament. It was also the first major tournament at which the reunified Germany (who were beaten 2–0 by Denmark in the final) had competed.

CIS national football team national association football team

The CIS national football team was a transitional national team of the Football Federation of the Soviet Union in 1992. It was accepted that the team would represent the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Soviet Union 1922–1991 country in Europe and Asia

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 30 December 1922 to 26 December 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, and over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, taiga, steppes, desert and mountains.

Soviet Union national football team former mens national association football team representing the Soviet Union

The Soviet Union national football team was the national football team of the Soviet Union.

It was to be the last tournament with only eight participants, the last to award the winner of a match with only two points, and the last tournament before the introduction of the back-pass rule, which was brought in immediately after the tournament was completed. When the next competition was held in 1996, 16 teams were involved and were awarded 3 points for a win.

In association football, the back-pass rule prohibits the goalkeeper from handling the ball in most cases when it is passed to them by a team-mate. It is described in Law 12, Section 2 of the Laws of the Game.

Bid process

On 16 December 1988, Sweden was chosen over Spain to host the event, following a decision made by the UEFA Executive Committee. [2] Spain was at a disadvantage as they had already been chosen to host the EXPO 1992 and the 1992 Summer Olympic Games. [2] [3]

Seville Expo 92

The Universal Exposition of Seville took place from Monday, April 20 to Monday, October 12, 1992 on La Isla de La Cartuja, Seville, Spain. The theme for the Expo was "The Age of Discovery" and over 100 countries were represented. The total amount of land used for the Expo was 215 hectares and the total number of visitors was 41,814,571. Although not related, the exposition ran at the same time as the smaller Genoa Expo '92.

1992 Summer Olympics Games of the XXV Olympiad, held in Barcelona in 1992

The 1992 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain from July 25 to August 9, 1992.

Summary

Seven of the eight teams had to qualify for the final stage; Sweden qualified automatically as hosts of the event. [4] The Soviet Union qualified for the finals shortly before the break-up of the country, and took part in the tournament under the banner of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), [5] before the former Soviet republics formed their own national teams after the competition. The CIS team represented the following ex-Soviet republics: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Moldova, and Tajikistan. Four out of 15 ex-republics were not members of the CIS: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania did not send their players; Georgia was not a member of the CIS at the time, but Georgian Kakhaber Tskhadadze was a part of the squad.

Sweden national football team mens national association football team representing Sweden

The Sweden national football team represents Sweden in association football and is controlled by the Swedish Football Association, the governing body for football in Sweden. Sweden's home ground is Friends Arena in Stockholm and the team is coached by Janne Andersson. From 1945 to late 1950s, they were considered one of the greatest teams in Europe.

Dissolution of the Soviet Union Process leading to the late-1991 breakup of the USSR

The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on 26 December 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). It was a result of the declaration number 142-Н of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. The declaration acknowledged the independence of the former Soviet republics and created the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), although five of the signatories ratified it much later or did not do so at all. On the previous day, 25 December, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, the eighth and final leader of the USSR, resigned, declared his office extinct and handed over its powers—including control of the Soviet nuclear missile launching codes—to Russian President Boris Yeltsin. That evening at 7:32 p.m., the Soviet flag was lowered from the Kremlin for the last time and replaced with the pre-revolutionary Russian flag.

Commonwealth of Independent States regional organisation whose participating countries are former Soviet Republics

The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) is a regional intergovernmental organization of 10 post-Soviet republics in Eurasia formed following the dissolution of the Soviet Union. It has an area of 20,368,759 km² and has an estimated population of 239,796,010. The CIS encourages cooperation in economical, political and military affairs and has certain powers to coordinate trade, finance, lawmaking and security. It has also promoted cooperation on cross-border crime prevention.

Originally, Yugoslavia qualified for the final stage, but due to the Yugoslav wars, the team was disqualified and their qualifying group's runner-up, Denmark, took part in the championship. [6] They shocked the continent when Peter Schmeichel saved Marco van Basten's penalty in the semi-final penalty shoot-out against the Netherlands, thus defeating the defending European champions. [7] The shock was compounded when Denmark went on to defeat the reigning world champions Germany 2–0 to win the European title. [8]

Qualification

Qualified teams

TeamQualified asQualified onPrevious appearances in tournament [upper-alpha 1]
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Host16 December 19880 (debut)
Flag of France.svg  France Group 1 winner12 October 19912 ( 1960 , 1984 )
Flag of England.svg  England Group 7 winner13 November 19913 (1968, 1980, 1988)
CIS-euro92-flag.png  CIS [upper-alpha 2] Group 3 winner [upper-alpha 3] 13 November 19915 ( 1960 , 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988)
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Group 2 winner13 November 19910 (debut)
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany [upper-alpha 4] Group 5 winner20 November 19915 ( 1972 , 1976, 1980 , 1984, 1988 )
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Group 6 winner4 December 19913 (1976, 1980, 1988 )
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Group 4 runner-up [upper-alpha 5] 31 May 19923 (1964, 1984, 1988)
  1. Bold indicates champion for that year. Italic indicates host for that year.
  2. From 1960 to 1988, Russia competed as the Soviet Union.
  3. Replacing the Soviet Union.
  4. From 1972 to 1988, Germany competed as West Germany.
  5. Replacing Yugoslavia, who were subject to sanctions under UN Security Council Resolution 757 and thus banned from appearing. [9]

Venues

Gothenburg Stockholm
Ullevi Råsunda Stadium
Capacity: 44,000Capacity: 40,000
Nyaullevi.jpg Rasunda Stadium.jpg
Malmö Norrköping
Malmö Stadion Idrottsparken
Capacity: 30,000Capacity: 23,000
Malmo stadion.jpg Norrkopings idrottspark.jpg

Squads

Each national team had to submit a squad of 20 players.

Match ball

Adidas Etrusco Unico was used as the official match ball of the tournament. The ball was previously used in the 1990 FIFA World Cup.

Match officials

CountryRefereeAssistantsMatches refereed
Flag of Austria.svg Austria Hubert Forstinger Johann MöstlAlois Pemmer France 1–2 Denmark
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium Guy Goethals Pierre MannaertsRobert Surkjin Scotland 0–2 Germany
CIS-euro92-flag.png  CIS Alexey Spirin Victor FilippovAndrei Butenko Sweden 1–1 France
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark Peter Mikkelsen Arne PaltoftJørgen Ohmeyer Netherlands 0–0 CIS
Flag of France.svg France Gérard Biguet Marc HugueninAlain Gourdet CIS 1–1 Germany
Flag of Germany.svg Germany Aron Schmidhuber Joachim RenUwe Ennuschat Sweden 1–0 Denmark
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary Sándor Puhl László VargaSándor Szilágyi France 0–0 England
Flag of Italy.svg Italy Pierluigi Pairetto
Tullio Lanese
Domenico RamiconeMaurizio Padovan Netherlands 3–1 Germany
Sweden 2–3 Germany (Semi-final)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands John Blankenstein Jan DolstraRobert Overkleeft Denmark 0–0 England
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal José Rosa dos Santos Valdemar Aguiar Pinto LopesAntonio Guedes Gomes De Carvalho Sweden 2–1 England
Flag of Spain.svg Spain Emilio Soriano Aladrén Francisco García PachecoJosé Luis Iglesia Casas Netherlands 2–2 Denmark (Semi-final)
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Bo Karlsson Lennart SundqvistBo Persson Netherlands 1–0 Scotland
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland Kurt Röthlisberger
Bruno Galler
Zivanko PopovićPaul Wyttenbach Scotland 3–0 CIS
Denmark 2–0 Germany (Final)
Fourth officials
CountryFourth officials
Flag of Austria.svg Austria Gerhard Kapl
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium Frans van den Wijngaert
CIS-euro92-flag.png  CIS Vadim Zhuk
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark Kim Milton Nielsen
Flag of France.svg France Rémi Harrel
Flag of Germany.svg Germany Karl-Josef Assenmacher
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary Sándor Varga
Flag of Italy.svg Italy Tullio Lanese
Pierluigi Pairetto
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Mario van der Ende
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal Jorge Emanuel Monteiro Coroado
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Leif Sundell
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland Bruno Galler
Kurt Röthlisberger

Group stage

Results. Yugoslavia (stripes) qualified, but were banned and so replaced by Denmark. CIS (yellow on the right side of the map) qualified as Soviet Union. Euro 1992.png
Results. Yugoslavia (stripes) qualified, but were banned and so replaced by Denmark. CIS (yellow on the right side of the map) qualified as Soviet Union.

The teams finishing in the top two positions in each of the two groups progress to the semi-finals, while the bottom two teams in each group were eliminated from the tournament.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Tiebreakers

If two or more teams finished level on points after completion of the group matches, the following tie-breakers were used to determine the final ranking:

  1. Greater number of points in all group matches
  2. Goal difference in all group matches
  3. Greater number of goals scored in all group matches
  4. Drawing of lots

Group 1

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden (H)321042+25Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 31112203
3Flag of France.svg  France 30212312
4Flag of England.svg  England 30211212
Source: UEFA
(H) Host.
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 1–1 Flag of France.svg  France
J. Eriksson Soccerball shade.svg 24' Report Papin Soccerball shade.svg 58'
Attendance: 29,860
Referee: Alexey Spirin (CIS)
Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svg 0–0 Flag of England.svg  England
Report
Attendance: 26,385

France  Flag of France.svg 0–0 Flag of England.svg  England
Report
Attendance: 26,535
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 1–0 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Brolin Soccerball shade.svg 58' Report
Attendance: 29,902

Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 2–1 Flag of England.svg  England
Report Platt Soccerball shade.svg 4'
Attendance: 30,126
France  Flag of France.svg 1–2 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Papin Soccerball shade.svg 60' Report
Attendance: 25,673

Group 2

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 321041+35Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 31114403
3Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 31023302
4CIS-euro92-flag.png  CIS 30211432
Source: UEFA
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1–0 Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland
Bergkamp Soccerball shade.svg 75' Report
Attendance: 35,720
Referee: Bo Karlsson (Sweden)
CIS  CIS-euro92-flag.png 1–1 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Dobrovolski Soccerball shade.svg 64' (pen.) Report Häßler Soccerball shade.svg 90'
Attendance: 17,410

Scotland  Flag of Scotland.svg 0–2 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Report
Attendance: 17,638
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 0–0 CIS-euro92-flag.png  CIS
Report
Attendance: 34,400

Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 3–1 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Report Klinsmann Soccerball shade.svg 53'
Attendance: 37,725
Scotland  Flag of Scotland.svg 3–0 CIS-euro92-flag.png  CIS
Report

Knockout stage

In the knockout phase, extra time and a penalty shoot-out were used to decide the winner if necessary.

As with every tournament since UEFA Euro 1984, there was no third place play-off.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Bracket

 
Semi-finals Final
 
      
 
22 June – Gothenburg
 
 
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2 (4)
 
26 June – Gothenburg
 
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark (p)2 (5)
 
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 2
 
21 June – Solna
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 0
 
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 2
 
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 3
 

Semi-finals

Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 2–3 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Report
Råsunda Stadium, Solna
Attendance: 28,827
Referee: Tullio Lanese (Italy)

Final

Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svg2–0Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Report
Ullevi, Gothenburg
Attendance: 37,800 [10]
Referee: Bruno Galler (Switzerland)

Statistics

Goalscorers

There were 32 goals scored in 15 matches, for an average of 2.13 goals per match.

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

Source: UEFA [11]

Awards

UEFA Team of the Tournament [12]
GoalkeeperDefendersMidfieldersForwards
Flag of Denmark.svg Peter Schmeichel Flag of France.svg Jocelyn Angloma
Flag of France.svg Laurent Blanc
Flag of Germany.svg Andreas Brehme
Flag of Germany.svg Jürgen Kohler
Flag of Denmark.svg Brian Laudrup
Flag of Germany.svg Stefan Effenberg
Flag of Germany.svg Thomas Häßler
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ruud Gullit
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dennis Bergkamp
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marco van Basten

Marketing

Slogan and theme song

Small is Beautiful was the official slogan of the contest. [5] The official anthem of the tournament was "More Than a Game", performed by Towe Jaarnek and Peter Jöback.

Logo and identity

It was the last tournament to use the UEFA plus flag logo, and the last before the tournament came to be known as "Euro" (it is known as "Euro 1992" only retrospectively). It was also the first major football competition in which the players had their names printed on their backs, at around the time that it was becoming a trend in club football across Europe.

Mascot

The official mascot of the competition was a rabbit named Rabbit, dressed in a Swedish football jersey, and wearing head and wristbands while playing with a ball. [13]

Sponsorship

Global sponsorsEvent sponsors
Sweden

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References

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  2. 1 2 "Sweden to host 1992 Euro finals". New Straits Times. Reuters. 18 December 1988. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  3. Dietrich Schulze-Marmeling: Die Geschichte der Fußball-Europameisterschaft, Verlag Die Werkstatt, ISBN   978-3-89533-553-2
  4. Hughes, Rob (16 October 1991). "Now, the going gets tough". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  5. 1 2 Hughes, Rob (10 June 1992). "Confidence and flair: Dutch favored in Euro 92". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  6. "Yugoslav athletes banned". The New York Times. 1 June 1992. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  7. Thomsen, Ian (23 June 1992). "Danes upset Dutch in penalty shoot-out, advance to final". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  8. Thomsen, Ian (27 June 1992). "Upstart Danes upend Germany, 2–0, in soccer final". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  9. "United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 (Implementing Trade Embargo on Yugoslavia)". UMN.edu. United Nations. 30 May 1992. Retrieved 18 August 2008.
  10. "European Football Championship 1992 FINAL". euro2000.org. Union of European Football Associations. Archived from the original on 17 August 2000. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
  11. "Player statistics – Goals scored". Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  12. "1992 team of the tournament". Union of European Football Associations. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  13. Kell, Tom (1 February 2013). "The weird and wonderful world of Euro mascots". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 5 April 2015.