UEFA Euro 2008

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UEFA Euro 2008
Fußball-Europameisterschaft 2008 (in German)
Championnat d'Europe de football 2008 (in French)
Campionato Europeo di calcio 2008 (in Italian)
Campiunadis Europeans da ballape 2008 (in Romansh)
UEFA EURO 2008 New Logo.svg
UEFA Euro 2008 official logo
Expect Emotions
Tournament details
Host countriesAustria
Switzerland
Dates7–29 June
Teams16
Venue(s)8 (in 8 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Spain.svg  Spain (2nd title)
Runners-upFlag of Germany.svg  Germany
Tournament statistics
Matches played31
Goals scored77 (2.48 per match)
Attendance1,140,902 (36,803 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Spain.svg David Villa (4 goals)
Best player(s) Flag of Spain.svg Xavi
2004
2012

The 2008 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2008 or simply Euro 2008, was the 13th UEFA European Football Championship, a quadrennial football tournament contested by European nations. It took place in Austria and Switzerland (both hosting the tournament for the first time) from 7 to 29 June 2008.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Contents

The tournament was won by Spain, who defeated Germany 1–0 in the final. Spain were only the second nation to win all their group stage fixtures and then the European Championship itself - an accomplishment matched by France in 1984. Spain were also the first team since Germany in 1996 to win the tournament undefeated.

Spain national football team National association football team representing Spain

The Spain national football team represents Spain in international men's association football since 1920, and is controlled by the Royal Spanish Football Federation, the governing body for football in Spain.

Germany national football team mens national association football team representing Germany

The Germany national football team is the men's football team that has represented Germany in international competition since 1908. It is governed by the German Football Association, founded in 1900. Ever since the DFB was reinaugurated in 1949 the team has represented the Federal Republic of Germany. Under Allied occupation and division, two other separate national teams were also recognised by FIFA: the Saarland team representing the Saarland (1950–1956) and the East German team representing the German Democratic Republic (1952–1990). Both have been absorbed along with their records by the current national team. The official name and code "Germany FR (FRG)" was shortened to "Germany (GER)" following the reunification in 1990.

UEFA Euro 2008 Final final game of the UEFA Euro 2008

The UEFA Euro 2008 Final was a football match that took place on 29 June 2008 at the Ernst-Happel-Stadion in Vienna, Austria, to determine the winner of the UEFA Euro 2008. Spain defeated Germany 1–0 with a 33rd-minute goal from Fernando Torres. This was only the second time in European Championship history that the champions had won every match in the group stage; the other team to do so was France in 1984. Spain were also the first team since Germany in 1996 to win the tournament undefeated. Despite the one-goal margin of victory, it was a fairly dominant performance by Spain.

Greece were the defending champions going into the tournament, having won UEFA Euro 2004. They recorded the worst finish in Euro 2008, losing their three group fixtures and collecting the least amount of prize money. Throughout 31 matches, the participating nations totalled 77 goals, the same as the previous tournament.

Greece national football team mens national association football team representing Greece

The Greece national football team represents Greece in association football and is controlled by the Hellenic Football Federation, the governing body for football in Greece. Greece's main home grounds are located in the capital-city Athens at the Olympic Stadium in Maroussi and also in the port of Piraeus at the Karaiskakis Stadium. Greece is one of only ten national teams to have been crowned UEFA European Champions.

UEFA Euro 2004 2004 edition of the UEFA Euro

The 2004 UEFA European Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2004 or simply Euro 2004, was the 12th edition of the UEFA European Championship, a quadrennial football competition contested by the men's national teams of UEFA member associations. The final tournament was hosted for the first time in Portugal, from 12 June to 4 July 2004, after their bid was selected on 12 October 1999, over those of Spain and Austria/Hungary. A total of thirty-one matches were played in ten venues across eight cities – Aveiro, Braga, Coimbra, Guimarães, Faro/Loulé, Leiria, Lisbon and Porto.

Austria and Switzerland automatically qualified as hosts; the remaining 14 teams were determined through qualifying matches, which began in August 2006. As European champions, Spain earned the right to compete for the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup in South Africa.

Austria national football team mens national association football team representing Austria

The Austria national football team is the association football team that represents Austria in international competition and is controlled by the Austrian Football Association . Austria has qualified for seven FIFA World Cups, most recently in 1998. The country played in the UEFA European Championship for the first time in 2008, when it co-hosted the event with Switzerland, and most recently qualified in 2016.

The Switzerland national football team is the national football team of Switzerland. The team is controlled by the Swiss Football Association.

Qualifying for the UEFA Euro 2008 finals tournament took place between August 2006 and November 2007. Fifty teams were divided into seven groups. In a double round-robin system, each team played against each of the others in their group on a home-and-away basis. The winner and runner-up of each group qualified automatically for the final tournament.

Bid process

Austria and Switzerland jointly bid to host the games, and facing competition from six other bids: Bosnia and HerzegovinaCroatia, GreeceTurkey, a 4-way Nordic bid (from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden), Hungary, Russia and ScotlandRepublic of Ireland. [1] Austria and Hungary had previously bid together to host Euro 2004, losing out to Portugal, while Sweden had hosted Euro 1992. [1]

Bosnia and Herzegovina republic in Southeast Europe

Bosnia and Herzegovina, sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe, located within the Balkan Peninsula. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city.

Croatia Republic in Central Europe

Croatia, officially the Republic of Croatia, is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea. It borders Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy. Its capital, Zagreb, forms one of the country's primary subdivisions, along with twenty counties. Croatia has an area of 56,594 square kilometres and a population of 4.28 million, most of whom are Roman Catholics.

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Ankara is its capital but Istanbul is the country's largest city. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

Austria–Switzerland, Hungary, Greece–Turkey and the Nordic bid were recommended, in that order, before the final vote by UEFA's National Teams Committee. [2]

The final vote by the UEFA executive committee was: [2]

  1. Austria–Switzerland
  2. Hungary
  3. Greece–Turkey
  4. Nordic
  5. Scotland–Ireland
  6. Russia
  7. Bosnia and Herzegovina–Croatia

The Austria–Switzerland bid became the second successful joint bid in the competition's history, following the UEFA Euro 2000 hosted by Belgium and the Netherlands. The following tournament, held in Poland and Ukraine, became the third jointly hosted tournament.

Summary

Qualification for Euro 2008 started in August 2006, just over a month after the end of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. The qualifying tournament was contested by national teams from each of UEFA's member associations, with the exceptions of Austria and Switzerland, who had automatically qualified for the finals tournament as hosts and Montenegro, who came into existence too late to be admitted to UEFA. England was the only seeded team not to qualify for the tournament proper, whereas Russia was the only unseeded one to qualify.

The draw for the finals tournament took place on 2 December 2007, and saw Group C immediately labelled as the "group of death", with Italy, France, Romania and the Netherlands competing for the two qualifying places. In contrast, Germany and Portugal were deemed to have an easy draw, as the tournament structure meant they could not meet Italy, France, the Netherlands or Spain until the final.

In the group stage, Croatia, Spain and the Netherlands all qualified with maximum points. Austria and Switzerland were not expected to progress, despite the advantage of being the hosts. In Group A, the Swiss lost their captain, Alexander Frei, to injury in their first game and became the first team to be eliminated from the tournament, after losing their first two matches. Switzerland managed to beat the group winner Portugal in their last game.

In Group B, Austria managed to set up a decisive final game against Germany, dubbed "Austria's final". [3] However, they lost by one goal, making Euro 2008 the first European Championship not to have one of the host nations present in the knockout phase. In an exciting final game in Group A, an injury- and suspension-hit Turkey came back from 2–0 down to beat the Czech Republic 3–2, after an uncharacteristic handling mistake by Petr Čech, in the last few minutes, left Nihat Kahveci with the simplest of finishes.

In the same game, goalkeeper Volkan Demirel was shown a red card for pushing Czech striker Jan Koller to the ground. The Turks joined Portugal as the qualifiers from Group A. France were the high-profile victims of Group C, recording just one point from a goalless draw against Romania in their opening game. Italy beat the French, on the final day, to finish on four points and joining the Netherlands in the quarter-finals. Finally, in Group D, Greece failed to reproduce the form of their shock 2004 win, and ended the tournament with no points. Russia qualified at the expense of Sweden, after beating them in a final game decider, joining Spain in the knockout phase.

Torrential rain during the Group A match between Switzerland and Turkey on 11 June resulted in the pitch at St. Jakob-Park in Basel requiring to be re-laid. The new pitch was installed in advance of the quarter-final match between Portugal and Germany on 19 June. [4] [5] In the quarter-finals, the Portuguese team was unable to give their coach, Luiz Felipe Scolari, a fitting send-off – following the mid-tournament announcement that Scolari would be leaving to join English club Chelsea – losing in an exciting game against Germany. Turkey continued their streak of last-gasp wins, equalising at the end of extra-time against Croatia and advancing on penalties. Coached by Dutchman Guus Hiddink, Russia eliminated the Netherlands with two extra-time goals. The last quarter-final match saw Spain defeat Italy on penalties, after a goalless draw in regular time.

The Spanish football team touring Madrid as champions Celebracion Eurocopa 1.jpg
The Spanish football team touring Madrid as champions

Turkey's progress was halted by Germany in the semi-finals. Turkey entered the game with nine of their squad members missing due to injury or suspension, but still scored the first goal. Later, they leveled the score at 2–2, before Germany scored the winning goal in the final minute. The world television feed of the match was intermittently lost during the match, which prevented the broadcast of Germany's second goal.

This was due to a thunderstorm at the broadcasting relay station in Austria, despite the game being played in Switzerland. Swiss Television SRG SSR still had a feed, because of their own broadcasting facilities at the venue. During the lost world feed German and Austrian television ZDF and ORF started to broadcast the feed of German speaking Swiss channel SF 1.

This act ensured that the German goal was actually broadcast in Germany although not in Turkey. [6] Spain won the second semi-final against Russia by three goals to nil, through second-half goals from Xavi, Daniel Güiza and David Silva, earning Spain their first appearance in a major final for 24 years.

In the final, held at Vienna's Ernst-Happel-Stadion, Spain became European champions for the second time after Fernando Torres' first-half goal proved enough to defeat Germany. Though Germany had a strong start, Spain started to look more dangerous after they had settled.

After half an hour, Xavi played a pass in behind the Germany back line towards Torres, who outmuscled a hesitant Philipp Lahm and clipped the ball over the diving Jens Lehmann and just inside the far post. That goal proved to be the only goal of the game, which Spain dominated despite Germany having the majority of the possession, [7] and Spain were crowned UEFA Euro 2008 champions.

Qualification

The draw for the qualifying round took place in Montreux, Switzerland on 27 January 2006 at 12:00 CET.

The qualifying process commenced a month after the 2006 World Cup. Austria and Switzerland automatically qualified for the tournament finals as host nations.

The qualifying format was changed compared to previous tournaments. The winners and runners-up from seven groups automatically qualified for the Championship, with the hosts filling the other two slots in the 16-team tournament. The change means there were no play-offs between teams finishing in second place in the groups – they qualified directly for the finals. Teams that finished in third place had no opportunity to qualify. Six of the qualifying groups contained seven teams, and the other, Group A, contained eight.

Qualified teams

TeamQualified asQualified onPrevious appearances in tournament [upper-alpha 1]
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Co-host12 December 20020 (debut)
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Co-host12 December 20022 (1996, 2004)
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany [upper-alpha 2] Group D runner-up13 October 20079 ( 1972 , 1976, 1980 , 1984, 1988 , 1992, 1996 , 2000, 2004)
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Group C winner17 October 20072 (1980, 2004 )
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic [upper-alpha 3] Group D winner17 October 20076 (1960, 1976 , 1980, 1996, 2000, 2004)
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Group G winner17 October 20073 (1984, 1996, 2000)
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Group A winner17 November 20070 (debut)
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Group B winner17 November 20076 ( 1968 , 1980 , 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004)
Flag of France.svg  France Group B runner-up17 November 20076 ( 1960 , 1984 , 1992, 1996, 2000 , 2004)
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Group E winner17 November 20072 (1996, 2004)
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Group F winner17 November 20077 ( 1964 , 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Group G runner-up17 November 20077 (1976, 1980, 1988 , 1992, 1996, 2000 , 2004)
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Group A runner-up21 November 20074 (1984, 1996, 2000, 2004 )
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Group C runner-up21 November 20072 (1996, 2000)
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia [upper-alpha 4] Group E runner-up21 November 20078 ( 1960 , 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2004)
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Group F runner-up21 November 20073 ( 1992 , 2000, 2004)
  1. Bold indicates champion for that year. Italic indicates host for that year.
  2. From 1972 to 1988, Germany competed as West Germany.
  3. From 1960 to 1980, the Czech Republic competed as Czechoslovakia.
  4. From 1960 to 1988, Russia competed as the Soviet Union, and in 1992 as CIS.

Final draw

The draw for the final tournament took place on 2 December 2007 at the Culture and Convention Centre in Lucerne. [8] [9]

In a return to the format used at Euro 1992 and Euro 1996 the games in each group were held at just two stadia, with the seeded team remaining in the same city for all three matches. As was the case at the 2000 and 2004 finals, the finalists were divided into four seeding pots, based on the UEFA national team coefficients which measured performance of teams in the 2006 FIFA World Cup qualifying and Euro 2008 qualifying, with each group having one team from each pot. Switzerland and Austria, as co-hosts, were automatically assigned to positions A1 and B1, respectively. The remaining 14 teams were split into four pots, with title-holders Greece seeded alongside the Netherlands in Pot 1. [10] [11]

UEFA came under heavy criticism from Raymond Domenech, manager of France, who was not satisfied with his team's position in the draw, [12] and was also in favour of having 2006 FIFA World Cup winners Italy as top seed. [13] On 22 November 2007, Giorgio Marchetti, UEFA's professional football director, announced that a review of the coefficient ranking system was under way for future European Championships. [8]

Pot 1 [lower-alpha 1]
TeamCoeffRank
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece [lower-alpha 2] 2.16711
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2.4171
Pot 2
TeamCoeffRank
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 2.4092
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2.3643
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 2.3334
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 2.2735
Pot 3
TeamCoeffRank
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 2.2506
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 2.2507
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 2.1928
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 2.1829
Pot 4
TeamCoeffRank
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 2.16712
Flag of France.svg  France 2.09113
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 1.95814
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 1.95815
  1. Co-hosts Switzerland (coefficient 1.800; rank 20th) and Austria (coefficient 1.500; rank 27th) were automatically assigned to positions A1 and B1, respectively.
  2. Defending champions Greece (coefficient 2.167; rank 11th) were automatically assigned to Pot 1.

Teams were drawn consecutively into Group A to D. First, the Pot 1 teams were assigned to the first positions of their groups, while next the positions of all other teams were drawn separately from Pot 4 to 2 (for the purposes of determining the match schedules in each group). Coincidentally, all teams from Pots 2, 3, and 4 were placed into positions 2, 3, and 4 in each group, respectively.

The draw resulted in the following groups:

Group A
PosTeam
A1Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
A2Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
A3Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
A4Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Group B
PosTeam
B1Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
B2Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
B3Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
B4Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Group C
PosTeam
C1Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
C2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
C3Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
C4Flag of France.svg  France
Group D
PosTeam
D1Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
D2Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
D3Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
D4Flag of Russia.svg  Russia

Venues

The tournament was played at eight venues throughout the two host nations; four in Austria and four in Switzerland. Each venue had a capacity of at least 30,000 for the tournament; the largest stadium was Ernst-Happel-Stadion in Vienna with a capacity of 53,295. [14] It was for this reason that Ernst-Happel-Stadion hosted the final. Switzerland played all of their group stage matches at St. Jakob Park in Basel, which also hosted the opening match of the tournament as a compromise for the final being held in Vienna. Austria played all of their group stage matches at Ernst-Happel-Stadion.

In 2004, the Zurich venue became a problem for the organisers. Originally, the Hardturm stadium was to be renovated and used as the city's venue, but legal challenges delayed the plan to a point that would not have allowed the ground to be used in 2008. This created a problem, as the agreement between UEFA and the organisers stipulated that four venues would be used in each country. The problem was solved when the organisers proposed renovating Letzigrund instead; UEFA approved the revised plan in January 2005. The Letzigrund stadium hosted its first football match on 23 September 2007. [15]

Austria
Vienna Klagenfurt Salzburg Innsbruck
Ernst-Happel-Stadion Wörthersee Stadion Stadion Wals-Siezenheim Tivoli-Neu
Capacity: 53,295Capacity: 31,957Capacity: 31,020Capacity: 31,600
EM 2008 Elfmeter Kroatien Osterreich.jpg Wortherseestadion beim Endspiel im OFB-Cup 2010.jpg Em stadion salzburg.jpg Spain vs Sweden, Euro 2008 01.jpg
Switzerland Austria
Switzerland
Geneva Basel Bern Zürich
Stade de Genève St. Jakob-Park Stade de Suisse Letzigrund
Capacity: 31,228Capacity: 42,000Capacity: 31,907Capacity: 30,000
CH-AL Geneva 2003-06-11.jpg St Jakob-Park.jpg Stade de Suisse.jpg Letzigrund 2007ii.jpg

Team base camps

Each team had access to a "team base camp" for its stay between the matches. [16] The teams trained and resided in these locations during the tournament, and travelled to games that took place away from their bases. [17] [18] The 16 teams validated their option with UEFA on 18 December 2007. [16]

TeamBase camp
Austria Stegersbach
Croatia Bad Tatzmannsdorf
Czech Republic Seefeld in Tirol
France Mont Pèlerin
Germany Ascona
Greece Hof bei Salzburg
Italy Baden bei Wien
Netherlands Lausanne
Poland Bad Waltersdorf
Portugal Neuchâtel
Romania St. Gallen
Russia Leogang
Spain Neustift im Stubaital
Sweden Lugano
Switzerland Feusisberg
Turkey Bellevue

Squads

Teams were required to select a squad of 23 players, three of whom had to be goalkeepers, with the final squad to be submitted to UEFA by 28 May 2008. If a member of the final squad suffered an injury prior to his team's first game that would keep him out of the entire tournament, another player could be called up to replace him. [19]

Match officials

Twelve referees and twenty-four assistants were selected for the tournament: [20]

CountryRefereeAssistantsMatches refereed
Flag of Austria.svg Austria Konrad Plautz Egon BereuterMarkus Mayr Spain 4–1 Russia, Switzerland 2–0 Portugal
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium Frank De Bleeckere Peter HermansAlex Verstraeten Croatia 2–1 Germany, Russia 2–0 Sweden, Russia 0–3 Spain (semifinal)
Flag of England.svg England Howard Webb Darren CannMike Mullarkey Austria 1–1 Poland, Greece 1–2 Spain
Flag of Germany.svg Germany Herbert Fandel Carsten KadachVolker Wezel Portugal 2–0 Turkey, Netherlands 4–1 France, Spain 0–0 Italy (Quarter-final)
Flag of Greece.svg Greece Kyros Vassaras Dimitiris BozartzidisDimitiris Saraidaris Czech Republic 1–3 Portugal, Poland 0–1 Croatia
Flag of Italy.svg Italy Roberto Rosetti Alessandro GriselliPaolo Calcagno Switzerland 0–1 Czech Republic, Greece 0–1 Russia, Croatia 1–1 Turkey (Quarter-final), Germany 0–1 Spain (Final)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Pieter Vink Adriaan IniaHans ten Hoove Austria 0–1 Croatia, Sweden 1–2 Spain
Flag of Norway.svg Norway Tom Henning Øvrebø Geir Åge HolenJan Petter Randen [21] Germany 2–0 Poland, Italy 1–1 Romania
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia Ľuboš Micheľ Roman SlyškoMartin Balko Switzerland 1–2 Turkey, France 0–2 Italy, Netherlands 1–3 Russia (Quarter-final)
Flag of Spain.svg Spain Manuel Mejuto González Juan Carlos Yuste JiménezJesús Calvo Guadamuro Romania 0–0 France, Austria 0–1 Germany
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Peter Fröjdfeldt Stefan WittbergHenrik Andren Netherlands 3–0 Italy, Turkey 3–2 Czech Republic, Portugal 2–3 Germany (Quarter-final)
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland Massimo Busacca Matthias ArnetStephane Cuhat Greece 0–2 Sweden, Netherlands 2–0 Romania, Germany 3–2 Turkey (Semi-final)
Fourth officials
CountryFourth officials
Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia Ivan Bebek
Flag of France.svg France Stéphane Lannoy
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary Viktor Kassai
Flag of Iceland.svg Iceland Kristinn Jakobsson
Flag of Poland.svg Poland Grzegorz Gilewski
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal Olegário Benquerença
Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland Craig Thomson
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia Damir Skomina

Group stage

Performance of the participating countries during Euro 2008 Euro 2008.png
Performance of the participating countries during Euro 2008

The teams finishing in the top two positions in each of the four groups progressed to the quarter-finals, while the bottom two teams were eliminated from the tournament.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Tiebreakers

For the three-game group stage of this tournament, where two or more teams in a group tied on an equal number of points, the finishing positions were determined by the following tie-breaking criteria in the following order: [19]

  1. number of points obtained in the matches among the teams in question
  2. goal difference in the matches among the teams in question (if more than two teams finish equal on points)
  3. number of goals scored in the matches among the teams in question (if more than two teams finish equal on points)
  4. goal difference in all the group matches
  5. number of goals scored in all the group matches
  6. coefficient from the qualifying competitions for the 2006 FIFA World Cup and 2006/08 UEFA European Football Championship (points obtained divided by the number of matches played)
  7. fair play conduct of the teams (final tournament)
  8. drawing of lots

However, these criteria would not apply if two teams tied on points and goals scored played against each other in their final group match and no other team in group finishes with same points; in that case, the tie would be broken by a penalty shootout. [19]

Group A

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 320153+26Advance to knockout phase
2Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 32015506
3Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 31024623
4Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland (H)31023303
Source: UEFA
(H) Host.
Switzerland   Flag of Switzerland.svg 0–1 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Report
Attendance: 39,730 [22]
Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg 2–0 Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Report
Attendance: 29,106 [23]

Czech Republic  Flag of the Czech Republic.svg 1–3 Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Report
Attendance: 29,016 [24]
Switzerland   Flag of Switzerland.svg 1–2 Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Report
Attendance: 39,730 [25]

Switzerland   Flag of Switzerland.svg 2–0 Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Report
Attendance: 39,730 [26]
Turkey  Flag of Turkey.svg 3–2 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Report
Attendance: 29,016 [27]

Group B

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 330041+39Advance to knockout phase
2Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 320142+26
3Flag of Austria.svg  Austria (H)30121321
4Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 30121431
Source: UEFA
(H) Host.
Austria  Flag of Austria.svg 0–1 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Report
Attendance: 51,428 [28]
Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 2–0 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Report

Croatia  Flag of Croatia.svg 2–1 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Report
Austria  Flag of Austria.svg 1–1 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Report
Attendance: 51,428 [31]
Referee: Howard Webb (England)

Poland  Flag of Poland.svg 0–1 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Report
Attendance: 30,461 [32]
Austria  Flag of Austria.svg 0–1 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Report

Group C

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 330091+89Advance to knockout phase
2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 31113414
3Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 30211322
4Flag of France.svg  France 30121651
Source: UEFA
Romania  Flag of Romania.svg 0–0 Flag of France.svg  France
Report
Attendance: 30,585 [34]
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 3–0 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Report
Attendance: 30,777 [35]

Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 1–1 Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Report
Attendance: 30,585 [36]
Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 4–1 Flag of France.svg  France
Report
Attendance: 30,777 [37]

Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2–0 Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Report
Attendance: 30,777 [38]
France  Flag of France.svg 0–2 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Report
Attendance: 30,585 [39]

Group D

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 330083+59Advance to knockout phase
2Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 32014406
3Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 31023413
4Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 30031540
Source: UEFA
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 4–1 Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Report
Attendance: 30,772 [40]
Greece  Flag of Greece.svg 0–2 Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Report

Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 1–2 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Report
Attendance: 30,772 [42]
Greece  Flag of Greece.svg 0–1 Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Report

Greece  Flag of Greece.svg 1–2 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Report
Attendance: 30,883 [44]
Referee: Howard Webb (England)
Russia  Flag of Russia.svg 2–0 Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Report
Attendance: 30,772 [45]

Knockout phase

Cesc Fabregas celebrating Spain's Euro 2008 title Spain Euro 08 celebration 2.jpg
Cesc Fàbregas celebrating Spain's Euro 2008 title

The knockout phase was different from that of past tournaments. Teams in groups A and B were separated from teams in groups C and D until the final. This increased the chance of a group fixture being replayed in the knockout phase, and rendered impossible a final between two teams drawn in the same half of the tournament. Also, in another major change, for the first time in a European Championship, only two venues (St. Jakob-Park, Basel and Ernst-Happel-Stadion, Vienna—the two largest of the eight stadiums used) were used for the seven matches in the knockout phase of the tournament. [46]

As with every tournament since UEFA Euro 1984, there was no third place play-off.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Bracket

 
Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
 
          
 
19 June – Basel
 
 
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 2
 
25 June – Basel
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 3
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 3
 
20 June – Vienna
 
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 2
 
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 1 (1)
 
29 June – Vienna
 
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey (p)1 (3)
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 0
 
21 June – Basel
 
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1
 
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1
 
26 June – Vienna
 
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia (a.e.t.)3
 
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 0
 
22 June – Vienna
 
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 3
 
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain (p)0 (4)
 
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 0 (2)
 

Quarter-finals

Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg 2–3 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Report
St. Jakob-Park, Basel
Attendance: 39,374 [47]
Referee: Peter Fröjdfeldt (Sweden)

Croatia  Flag of Croatia.svg 1–1 (a.e.t.)Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Report
Penalties
1–3
Ernst-Happel-Stadion, Vienna
Attendance: 51,428 [48]
Referee: Roberto Rosetti (Italy)

Netherlands  Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1–3 (a.e.t.)Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Report
St. Jakob-Park, Basel
Attendance: 38,374 [49]
Referee: Ľuboš Micheľ (Slovakia)

Semi-finals

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 3–2 Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Report
St. Jakob-Park, Basel
Attendance: 39,374 [51]
Referee: Massimo Busacca (Switzerland)

Russia  Flag of Russia.svg 0–3 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Report

Final

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 0–1 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Report
Ernst-Happel-Stadion, Vienna
Attendance: 51,428 [53]
Referee: Roberto Rosetti (Italy)

Statistics

Goalscorers

There were 77 goals scored in 31 matches, for an average of 2.48 goals per match.

4 goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

Awards

Spain midfielder Xavi was selected as the Player of the Tournament. Xavi Seleccion.jpg
Spain midfielder Xavi was selected as the Player of the Tournament.
UEFA Team of the Tournament

The UEFA Technical Team was charged with naming a squad composed of the 23 best players over the course of the tournament. The group of nine analysts watched every game at the tournament before making their decision after the final. Nine players from the winning Spanish team were named in the team of the tournament, while no players knocked out in the group stage were included. [54]

GoalkeepersDefendersMidfieldersForwards
Flag of Italy.svg Gianluigi Buffon
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Edwin van der Sar
Flag of Spain.svg Iker Casillas
Flag of Germany.svg Philipp Lahm
Flag of Portugal.svg José Bosingwa
Flag of Portugal.svg Pepe
Flag of Russia.svg Yuri Zhirkov
Flag of Spain.svg Carlos Marchena
Flag of Spain.svg Carles Puyol
Flag of Croatia.svg Luka Modrić
Flag of Germany.svg Michael Ballack
Flag of Germany.svg Lukas Podolski
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Wesley Sneijder
Flag of Russia.svg Konstantin Zyryanov
Flag of Spain.svg Cesc Fàbregas
Flag of Spain.svg Andrés Iniesta
Flag of Spain.svg Marcos Senna
Flag of Spain.svg Xavi
Flag of Turkey.svg Hamit Altıntop
Flag of Russia.svg Andrey Arshavin
Flag of Russia.svg Roman Pavlyuchenko
Flag of Spain.svg Fernando Torres
Flag of Spain.svg David Villa
UEFA Player of the Tournament

The UEFA Technical Team also had to pick a Player of the Tournament, taking fans' votes into account. The player chosen was Spain midfielder Xavi. [55]

Golden Boot

The Golden Boot was awarded to yet another Spaniard, David Villa, who scored four goals, three of which came in his side's 4–1 win over Russia (the only hat-trick scored in the tournament). [56]

Prize money

UEFA announced that total of €184 million has been offered to the 16 teams competing in this tournament, increasing from €129 million in the previous tournament. The distributions as below: [57]

Extra payment based on teams performances:

Spain, as winners of the tournament and winners of all three of their group stage matches, received a total prize of €23 million, the maximum possible prize money. Greece on the other hand, being the only team to lose all three of their group matches, were the only team to receive nothing more than the €7.5 million participation prize.

Discipline

At UEFA Euro 2008, players may be suspended from playing in subsequent matches upon the collection of a certain number of yellow or red cards. If a player is shown a red card – whether as a result of two bookable offences or a straight red – that player is suspended from playing in his team's next match. If his team is eliminated from the competition before the end of his suspension, the games carry over to the 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification matches. A player is also suspended for one match for picking up two yellow cards in separate matches. However, any yellow cards accumulated are annulled once a team is eliminated from the tournament or reaches the semi-finals. [58]

In extreme cases of ill-discipline, UEFA may choose to have a disciplinary panel examine the incident in order to determine whether or not further suspension is required. One case of this at Euro 2008 was the suspension of Turkey goalkeeper Volkan Demirel for two matches for pushing Czech striker Jan Koller. [59]

The following players were suspended for one or more games as a result of red cards or yellow card accumulation:

PlayerOffence(s)Suspension(s)
Flag of Russia.svg Andrey Arshavin Red card.svg in Euro qualifying v Andorra Group D v Spain
Group D v Greece
Flag of Germany.svg Bastian Schweinsteiger Red card.svg in Group B v Croatia Group B v Austria
Flag of Austria.svg Sebastian Prödl Yellow card.svg in Group B v Croatia
Yellow card.svg in Group B v Poland
Group B v Germany
Flag of Romania.svg Dorin Goian Yellow card.svg in Group C v France
Yellow card.svg in Group C v Italy
Group C v Netherlands
Flag of Turkey.svg Mehmet Aurélio Yellow card.svg in Group A v Switzerland
Yellow card.svg in Group A v Czech Republic
Quarter-final v Croatia
Flag of Turkey.svg Volkan Demirel Red card.svg in Group A v Czech Republic Quarter-final v Croatia
Semi-final v Germany
Flag of France.svg Eric Abidal Red card.svg in Group C v Italy World Cup qualifying v Austria
Flag of Italy.svg Andrea Pirlo Yellow card.svg in Group C v Romania
Yellow card.svg in Group C v France
Quarter-final v Spain
Flag of Italy.svg Gennaro Gattuso Yellow card.svg in Group C v Netherlands
Yellow card.svg in Group C v France
Quarter-final v Spain
Flag of Turkey.svg Tuncay Şanlı Yellow card.svg in Group A v Switzerland
Yellow card.svg in Quarter-final v Croatia
Semi-final v Germany
Flag of Turkey.svg Arda Turan Yellow card.svg in Group A v Czech Republic
Yellow card.svg in Quarter-final v Croatia
Semi-final v Germany
Flag of Turkey.svg Emre Aşık Yellow card.svg in Group A v Czech Republic
Yellow card.svg in Quarter-final v Croatia
Semi-final v Germany
Flag of Russia.svg Denis Kolodin Yellow card.svg in Group D v Sweden
Yellow card.svg in Quarter-final v Netherlands
Semi-final v Spain
Flag of Russia.svg Dmitri Torbinski Yellow card.svg in Group D v Greece
Yellow card.svg in Quarter-final v Netherlands
Semi-final v Spain

Marketing

New trophy

A new trophy was awarded to the winners of the Euro 2008 tournament. The new version of the Henri Delaunay Trophy, created by Asprey London, [60] is almost an exact replica of the original designed by Arthus-Bertrand. A small figure juggling a ball on the back of the original has been removed, as has the marble plinth. The silver base of the trophy also had to be enlarged to make it stable. The names of the winning countries that had appeared on the plinth have now been engraved on the back of the trophy, which is made of sterling silver, weighs 8 kilograms (17.6 lb) and is 60 centimetres (24 in) tall.

Match ball

A large model of the adidas Europass prior to the final between Germany and Spain Euro Cup 2008 Final Vienna.JPG
A large model of the adidas Europass prior to the final between Germany and Spain

The match ball for the finals was unveiled at the draw ceremony. Produced by Adidas and named the Europass , it is a 14-panel ball in the same construction as the Teamgeist, but with a modified surface design. [61] A version named the Europass Gloria was used in the final. [62]

There were concerns raised about the match ball, which was claimed to deviate unpredictably in flight, making it difficult to judge for goalkeepers. Notable players to criticise were Germany's Jens Lehmann and the Czech Republic's Petr Čech. [63] These claims were disputed by the ball's designer, Oliver Kahn.

Music

The official melody was composed by Rollo Armstrong of Faithless on behalf of UEFA. [64] The official Euro 2008 song was "Can You Hear Me" by Enrique Iglesias, which was performed live during the official closing ceremony prior to the final in Ernst Happel Stadion in Vienna on 29 June. [65]

Two soundtracks, "Like a Superstar" and "Feel the Rush," were recorded by Jamaican reggae artist Shaggy as mascot songs for Euro 2008. They formed a musical background to video clips featuring the twin mascots Trix and Flix. [64]

The official Swiss song for the tournament was a new version of "Bring en hei" (Bring him Home) by Baschi. [65] Christina Stürmer sang the official tournament song of Austrian ÖFB, "Fieber" (Fever). [66] Croatia manager Slaven Bilić recorded his country's official Euro 2008 song, "Vatreno ludilo" ("Fiery Madness"), with his rock group, Rawbau.

"Seven Nation Army" by The White Stripes was played when players walked out before kick-off, [67] and a remix of "Samba de Janeiro" by German dance group Bellini was played after each goal scored in the competition. [68] [69]

Mascots

The two official mascots for UEFA Euro 2008, were named after a vote from the public of the two host nations from the following options:

In April 2007, after receiving 36.3% of the vote, Trix and Flix were chosen. "I am sure the mascots and their names will become a vital part of the understanding of the whole event," said Christian Mutschler, the tournament director for Switzerland. [70] The mascots were unveiled on 27 September 2006, in Vienna, Austria. Their official début was on 11 October 2006, at the Austria vs. Switzerland friendly, which ended 2–1. [71]

Slogan

The slogan for UEFA Euro 2008 was chosen on 24 January 2007: Expect Emotions.

The UEFA President Michel Platini stated "It describes in a nutshell what the UEFA Euro 2008 has to offer: all kinds of emotions – joy, disappointment, relief or high tension – right up to the final whistle." [72]

Sponsorship

UEFA announced eight global sponsors for the tournament. [73]

Broadcasting

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