Football in the Czech Republic

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Football in the Czech Republic
Synot Tip Arena - Viktoria Plzen - FC Barcelona 0-4.jpg
Eden Arena, SK Slavia’s Stadium.
CountryCzech Republic
Governing body FAČR
National team(s) Czech Republic
First played1892
Registered players280,000
Clubs15,378
National competitions
Club competitions
International competitions

This article discusses the structure of football leagues in the Czech Republic. [1] These leagues are organised by The Football Association of the Czech Republic (FAČR) (Czech : Fotbalová asociace České republiky). [2] Football is the most popular sport in the Czech Republic. [3]

Contents

History

Bohemia was an early adopter of football. [4] [5] [6] In the Czech Republic, football originated in Bohemia between 1890 and 1990, mainly played by Germans (the country was part of the Austro-Hungarian empire). The best German club was called Regatta Prag. The first known football match in the Czech Republic occurred on the islet located in the Labe River in Roudnice nad Labem in 1887. [7] In 1896 the first derby between SK Slavia Prague and AC Sparta Prague was disputed with the result of 0-1. In 1896, the first Czech championship, won by CFK Kickers Prague (spring) and Deutscher FC Prag (autumn) was disputed. In 1897 the Czech Crown championship was won, won by Slavia and in 1902 the Czech Football Association championship won by the Cesky AFC Vinohrady. Czechoslovak First League was the premier football league in the Czechoslovakia from 1925 to 1993.

In 1901 the Czech Football Federation was created. [8] Between 1903 and 1908, the selection of soccer of Bohemia disputed seven international parties. Subsequently, between 1922 and 1993, the selection and federation of the Czech Republic became the respective ones of Czechoslovakia. As of this last year, the organizations of the Czech Republic revived, again as an independent state.

League system

The highest level is also known as 1st league (Czech : První liga) - officially Fortuna: liga. [9] The winner and team finishing second are promoted from the 2nd Division.

The 2. liga (Second Division) is at the second tier of the football pyramid. The winners of the ČFL and MSFL are promoted to this division, making two clubs in total. Sometimes when two clubs are relegated to the same 3rd division (for example to MSFL), the MSFL relegates three clubs instead of the usual two. (example: We have got two downward clubs from 2nd league - from Moravia - to MSFL. From MSFL one club will be promoted and three clubs will be relegated to Moravia-Silesia Divisions (D and E) for the next season. Normally two teams are relegated from the MSFL and three from the ČFL).

Winners of the Czech Fourth Division Bohemian groups (A,B,C) are promoted to the ČFL, whilst in Moravia-Silesia groups (D,E) the teams are promoted to the MSFL.

Winners of Regional Championships are promoted to the Fourth Division. (Example: Winner of the Prague Championship is promoted to Division A)

LevelLeague(s)/Division(s)
1 Czech First League
16 clubs
2 Czech Second Division
16 clubs
3 ČFL (Bohemian Football League)
18 clubs
MSFL (Moravian–Silesian Football League)
16 clubs
4 Czech Division A
16 clubs
Czech Division B
16 clubs
Czech Division C
16 clubs
Moravia-Silesia Division D
16 clubs
Moravia-Silesia Division E
16 clubs
5 Prague Championship
16 clubs
Přebor Středočeského kraje
16 clubs
Přebor Jihočeského kraje
16 clubs
Přebor Plzeňského kraje
16 clubs
Přebor Karlovarského kraje
18 clubs
Přebor Ústeckého kraje
16 clubs
Přebor Libereckého kraje
14 clubs
Přebor Královéhradeckého kraje
16 clubs
Přebor Pardubického kraje
16 clubs
Přebor kraje Vysočina
14 clubs
Přebor Jihomoravského kraje
16 clubs
Přebor Zlínského kraje
16 clubs
Přebor Olomouckého kraje
16 clubs
Přebor Moravskoslezského kraje
16 clubs
6Level A2 - I.A třída
7Level A3 - I.B třída
8Level A4 - II. třída
9Level A5 - III. třída

National team

Before the break-up of the country, Czech players represented Czechoslovakia, whose national team was for many years one of the leading teams in the world. [10] [11] Since the break-up of Czechoslovakia the Czech national team has had success in Euro 96 [12] and Euro 2004. [13] [14] The selection of the Czech Republic national teams is controlled by the Football Federation of the Czech Republic.

The Czech team played their first official game on February 23, 1994 in Istanbul against Turkey, winning 4-1. The Czech Republic has managed to qualify for one FIFA World Cup and five European Championships. The greatest achievement of the Czech team was reaching the final of Euro 96 in England, eliminating Portugal and France to reach the final against Germany. On June 30, 1996 at Wembley Stadium, the Czech team lost the final 2-1 to Germany after taking the lead with a goal from Patrik Berger, before losing to an extra-time golden goal scored by Oliver Bierhoff. The following year they participated in the FIFA Confederations Cup held in Saudi Arabia, being eliminated in the semifinals after a 2-0 defeat to Brazil.

At the time when the country was part of Czechoslovakia, the national team achieved victory in the 1976 European Championship against Germany in a penalty shoot-out, thanks to the famous penalty of Antonin Panenka. [15] The Czechoslovak team qualified for the World Cup on eight occasions, finishing runners-up in both 1934 and 1962, as well as appearing in three other European Championships.

Women's football

Women's football is well organised in the Czech republic. [16] The women's team debuted on July 21, 1993 before the Slovak national team in a match won by the Czechs 6-0. The women's team of the Czech Republic has not yet participated in a final phase of the World Cup or the European Championship.

Prague

Prague has six professional football teams and a total of 14 in the top four divisions of national competition.

Below the fourth tier, the Prague Football Association organises the fifth-tier Prague Championship, which is contested by 16 teams, all of which are based in Prague. [17]

Stadia and locations

Katastralni mapa Prahy.PNG
Locations of Prague clubs in 2014–15 football competitions (top three tiers only)

Clubs

The table below lists all Prague clubs in the top four tiers of the Czech football league system: from the top division (the Czech First League), down to the Czech Fourth Division. League status is correct for the 2014–15 season.

ClubStadiumCapacityFoundedNotes
Czech First League (1)
Bohemians 1905 Ďolíček 7,5001905
Dukla Prague Stadion Juliska 8,1501959
Slavia Prague Eden Arena 20,8001892
Sparta Prague Generali Arena 19,4161893
Czech 2. Liga (2)
Viktoria Žižkov FK Viktoria Stadion 5,0371903
Bohemian Football League (3)
Admira Prague Stadion v Kobylisích4,0001907
Bohemians Prague Stadion SK Prosek 1,0001996
Loko Vltavín Stadion na Plynárně 1,5001898
Meteor Prague Areál Libeň3,5001896
Slavoj Vyšehrad Stadion Slavoj Vyšehrad2,5001907
Divize A (4)
Aritma Prague Areál SK Aritma2,0001908
Zličín Fotbalový areál ve Zličíně1929
Divize B (4)
Horní Měcholupy Stadion SK Horní Měcholupy1,0001932
Motorlet Prague Stadion Motorlet5,0001912

Administration

Prague is the location of the headquarters of the Football Association of the Czech Republic, in Diskařská street.

See also

Related Research Articles

Bohemians 1905 Football club

Bohemians Praha 1905 is a Prague-based football club, which was founded in 1905 as AFK Vršovice. The club won the 1982–83 Czechoslovak First League, its only league championship. Its colours are green and white.

FK Chmel Blšany Football club

FK Chmel Blšany was a Czech football club based in the village of Blšany. The club played in the Czech First League between 1998 and 2006 and was the first professional club of goalkeeper Petr Čech. The club disbanded in 2016 after resigning from the 2016-17 regional championship.

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Czech First League Football league

The Czech First League, known as the Fortuna liga for sponsorship reasons, is a Czech professional league for football clubs. At the top of the Czech football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. Seasons typically run from August to May, most games are played on Saturdays and Sundays with few games played on Fridays. All Fortuna liga clubs qualify for the Czech Cup.

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