This article needs to be updated.(September 2016)
|Football in the Czech Republic|
|National team(s)||Czech Republic|
This article discusses the structure of football leagues in the Czech Republic. : Fotbalová asociace České republiky). Football is the most popular sport in the Czech Republic.These leagues are organised by The Football Association of the Czech Republic (FAČR) (Czech
Bohemia was an early adopter of football.In the Czech Republic, football originated in Bohemia between 1890 and 1990, mainly played by Germans (the country was part of the Austro-Hungarian empire). The best German club was called Regatta Prag. The first known football match in the Czech Republic occurred on the islet located in the Labe River in Roudnice nad Labem in 1887. In 1896 the first derby between SK Slavia Prague and AC Sparta Prague was disputed with the result of 0-1. In 1896, the first Czech championship, won by CFK Kickers Prague (spring) and Deutscher FC Prag (autumn) was disputed. In 1897 the Czech Crown championship was won, won by Slavia and in 1902 the Czech Football Association championship won by the Cesky AFC Vinohrady. Czechoslovak First League was the premier football league in the Czechoslovakia from 1925 to 1993.
In 1901 the Czech Football Federation was created.Between 1903 and 1908, the selection of soccer of Bohemia disputed seven international parties. Subsequently, between 1922 and 1993, the selection and federation of the Czech Republic became the respective ones of Czechoslovakia. As of this last year, the organizations of the Czech Republic revived, again as an independent state.
The highest level is also known as 1st league (Czech : První liga) - officially Fortuna: liga. The winner and team finishing second are promoted from the 2nd Division.
The 2. liga (Second Division) is at the second tier of the football pyramid. The winners of the ČFL and MSFL are promoted to this division, making two clubs in total. Sometimes when two clubs are relegated to the same 3rd division (for example to MSFL), the MSFL relegates three clubs instead of the usual two. (example: We have got two downward clubs from 2nd league - from Moravia - to MSFL. From MSFL one club will be promoted and three clubs will be relegated to Moravia-Silesia Divisions (D and E) for the next season. Normally two teams are relegated from the MSFL and three from the ČFL).
Winners of the Czech Fourth Division Bohemian groups (A,B,C) are promoted to the ČFL, whilst in Moravia-Silesia groups (D,E) the teams are promoted to the MSFL.
Winners of Regional Championships are promoted to the Fourth Division. (Example: Winner of the Prague Championship is promoted to Division A)
|1|| Czech First League |
|2|| Czech Second Division |
|3|| ČFL (Bohemian Football League) |
| MSFL (Moravian–Silesian Football League) |
|4|| Czech Division A |
| Czech Division B |
| Czech Division C |
| Moravia-Silesia Division D |
| Moravia-Silesia Division E |
|5|| Prague Championship |
| Přebor Středočeského kraje |
| Přebor Jihočeského kraje |
| Přebor Plzeňského kraje |
| Přebor Karlovarského kraje |
| Přebor Ústeckého kraje |
| Přebor Libereckého kraje |
| Přebor Královéhradeckého kraje |
| Přebor Pardubického kraje |
| Přebor kraje Vysočina |
| Přebor Jihomoravského kraje |
| Přebor Zlínského kraje |
| Přebor Olomouckého kraje |
| Přebor Moravskoslezského kraje |
|6||Level A2 - I.A třída|
|7||Level A3 - I.B třída|
|8||Level A4 - II. třída|
|9||Level A5 - III. třída|
Before the break-up of the country, Czech players represented Czechoslovakia, whose national team was for many years one of the leading teams in the world.Since the break-up of Czechoslovakia the Czech national team has had success in Euro 96 and Euro 2004. The selection of the Czech Republic national teams is controlled by the Football Federation of the Czech Republic.
The Czech team played their first official game on February 23, 1994 in Istanbul against Turkey, winning 4-1. The Czech Republic has managed to qualify for one FIFA World Cup and five European Championships. The greatest achievement of the Czech team was reaching the final of Euro 96 in England, eliminating Portugal and France to reach the final against Germany. On June 30, 1996 at Wembley Stadium, the Czech team lost the final 2-1 to Germany after taking the lead with a goal from Patrik Berger, before losing to an extra-time golden goal scored by Oliver Bierhoff. The following year they participated in the FIFA Confederations Cup held in Saudi Arabia, being eliminated in the semifinals after a 2-0 defeat to Brazil.
At the time when the country was part of Czechoslovakia, the national team achieved victory in the 1976 European Championship against Germany in a penalty shoot-out, thanks to the famous penalty of Antonin Panenka.The Czechoslovak team qualified for the World Cup on eight occasions, finishing runners-up in both 1934 and 1962, as well as appearing in three other European Championships.
Women's football is well organised in the Czech republic.The women's team debuted on July 21, 1993 before the Slovak national team in a match won by the Czechs 6-0. The women's team of the Czech Republic has not yet participated in a final phase of the World Cup or the European Championship.
Prague has six professional football teams and a total of 14 in the top four divisions of national competition.
Below the fourth tier, the Prague Football Association organises the fifth-tier Prague Championship, which is contested by 16 teams, all of which are based in Prague.
The table below lists all Prague clubs in the top four tiers of the Czech football league system: from the top division (the Czech First League), down to the Czech Fourth Division. League status is correct for the 2014–15 season.
|Czech First League (1)|
|Dukla Prague||Stadion Juliska||8,150||1959|
|Slavia Prague||Eden Arena||20,800||1892|
|Sparta Prague||Generali Arena||19,416||1893|
|Czech 2. Liga (2)|
|Viktoria Žižkov||FK Viktoria Stadion||5,037||1903|
|Bohemian Football League (3)|
|Admira Prague||Stadion v Kobylisích||4,000||1907|
|Bohemians Prague||Stadion SK Prosek||1,000||1996|
|Loko Vltavín||Stadion na Plynárně||1,500||1898|
|Meteor Prague||Areál Libeň||3,500||1896|
|Slavoj Vyšehrad||Stadion Slavoj Vyšehrad||2,500||1907|
|Divize A (4)|
|Aritma Prague||Areál SK Aritma||2,000||1908|
|Zličín||Fotbalový areál ve Zličíně||1929|
|Divize B (4)|
|Horní Měcholupy||Stadion SK Horní Měcholupy||1,000||1932|
|Motorlet Prague||Stadion Motorlet||5,000||1912|
Prague is the location of the headquarters of the Football Association of the Czech Republic, in Diskařská street.
Bohemians Praha 1905 is a Prague-based football club, which was founded in 1905 as AFK Vršovice. The club won the 1982–83 Czechoslovak First League, its only league championship. Its colours are green and white.
FK Chmel Blšany was a Czech football club based in the village of Blšany. The club played in the Czech First League between 1998 and 2006 and was the first professional club of goalkeeper Petr Čech. The club disbanded in 2016 after resigning from the 2016-17 regional championship.
1. FK Drnovice was a Czech football club based in the Moravian village of Drnovice near Vyškov, founded in 1932. The club played in the top flight of Czech football, the Czech First League, between 1993 and 2002, and again in the 2004/05 season. Because of financial trouble, the club ceased to exist in 2006. Drnovice now hosts a small club FKD currently playing regional division.
The Czech First League, known as the Fortuna liga for sponsorship reasons, is a Czech professional league for football clubs. At the top of the Czech football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. Seasons typically run from August to May, most games are played on Saturdays and Sundays with few games played on Fridays. All Fortuna liga clubs qualify for the Czech Cup.
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Bohemian Football League (ČFL) is one of the third level football leagues of the Czech Republic. The league comprises teams from the historic Bohemia region.
The Moravian-Silesian Football League (MSFL) is one of the third level football leagues in the Czech Republic headquartered in Olomouc. The league comprises teams from the historic regions of Moravia and Silesia and partially also Bohemia.
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Martin Hyský is a former Czech footballer.
The Czech Republic football league system is a series of interconnected leagues for club football in the Czech Republic.
MFK Karviná is a football club located in Karviná, Czech Republic, which plays in the Czech First League. The club took part in the Czech First League on two occasions in the 1990s, never surviving for more than one season. It played in the Czech 2. Liga between 2008 and 2016, when it was promoted to the First League. The team's colours are green and white.
The 2009–10 Czech First League, known as the Gambrinus liga for sponsorship reasons, was the seventeenth season of the Czech Republic's top-tier football. It started on 24 July 2009 and ended on 15 May 2010. Defending champions Slavia Prague could only finish seventh in the league, 21 points behind eventual winners Sparta Prague.
The 2011–12 Czech First League, known as the Gambrinus liga for sponsorship reasons, was the 19th season of the Czech Republic's top-tier football league. It began on 29 July 2011 and was originally due to end on 26 May 2012, although due to the Czech Republic's qualification for UEFA Euro 2012, the end of the season was brought forward to 12 May 2012. Viktoria Plzeň were the defending champions, having won their first Czech Republic championship the previous season.
FK Mutěnice is a football club located in Mutěnice, Czech Republic. It currently plays in the fifth tier of Czech football.