Czech National Football League

Last updated

Czech National Football League
Founded1993
Country Czech Republic
Confederation UEFA
Number of teams16
Level on pyramid2
Promotion to Czech First League
Relegation to ČFL
MSFL
Domestic cup(s) Czech Cup
Current champions FC Hradec Králové
Most championships SK Dynamo České Budějovice,
FC Hradec Králové (3 titles)
Website Official website
Current: 2021–22 Czech National Football League

The Czech National Football League (Czech : Fotbalová národní liga, FNL), currently known as Fortuna národní liga due to sponsorship reasons, is the second level professional association football league in the Czech Republic. Before 2013 it was known as 2. liga or Druhá liga. The top two teams each season are eligible for promotion to the Czech First League.

Contents

The league replaced the I.ČNL (I. Česká národní liga; First Czech National League), which had been established following the end of the nationwide Czechoslovak Second League in 1977. The league became known as simply II. liga (Second League) in 1993 following the establishment of the Czech Republic as an independent state. [1]

Structure

There are 16 clubs in the FNL. During the season, which runs from August to May or June, with a winter break between November and February or March, each club plays each of the other clubs twice (once at home, once away) and is awarded three points for a win, one for a draw and zero for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then goal difference and then goals scored. At the end of each season the top two teams are promoted to the First League, providing they obtain a license and meet league requirements, and are replaced by the two teams that finished bottom of that division. Similarly the two teams that finished at the bottom of the FNL are relegated to either the Bohemian Football League or the Moravian–Silesian Football League, based on geographical criteria. In turn, the champions of each of these regional divisions are promoted to the FNL.

In the 1993–94 season the league was played with 16 teams, before expanding to 18 teams in the 1994–95 season. Since 1995, the league has always been played with 16 teams, but on two occasions a team did not fulfil its fixtures and the full 30 rounds were not completed. Firstly in the 1997–98 Czech 2. Liga as Ústí nad Labem did not fulfil their fixtures and their results were cancelled, [2] and secondly in the 2004–05 Czech 2. Liga as Bohemians' results were expunged after playing only the first half of the season. [3]

Participating teams in 2021–22

The following 16 clubs were competing in the 2021–22 Czech National Football League.

ClubLocationStadiumCapacity2020–21 Position
Chrudim Chrudim Stadion Za Vodojemem 1,50010th
Dukla Prague Prague Stadion Juliska 8,1508th
Líšeň Brno Stadion SK Líšeň 2,1002nd
Opava Opava Stadion v Městských sadech 7,758 First League 18th
Příbram Příbram Na Litavce 9,100 First League 17th
Prostějov Prostějov Stadion Za Místním nádražím 3,5003rd
Táborsko Sezimovo Ústí Sportovní areál Soukeník 5,00011th
Třinec Třinec Stadion Rudolfa Labaje 2,2009th
Ústí nad Labem Ústí nad Labem Městský stadion (Ústí nad Labem) 4,0005th
Varnsdorf Varnsdorf Městský stadion v Kotlině 5,00012th
Viktoria Žižkov Prague FK Viktoria Stadion 5,0374th
Vlašim Vlašim Stadion Kollárova ulice 6,0006th
Vysočina Jihlava Jihlava Stadion v Jiráskově ulici 4,0827th
Zbrojovka Brno Brno Městský fotbalový stadion Srbská 12,550 First League 16th
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FNL champions

SeasonWinnersRunners-up
1993–94 Sklobižu Jablonec nad Nisou FK Švarc Benešov
1994–95 Uherské Hradiště Ostroj Opava
1995–96 FC Karviná FK Teplice
1996–97 FC Dukla Prague AFK Atlantic Lázně Bohdaneč
1997–98 FK Chmel Blšany FC Karviná
1998–99 Bohemians Prague SK České Budějovice
1999–2000 Synot Staré Město FC Viktoria Plzeň
2000–01 FC Hradec Králové SFC Opava
2001–02 SK Dynamo České Budějovice FK Zlín
2002–03 FC Viktoria Plzeň SFC Opava
2003–04 FK Mladá Boleslav FK Drnovice
2004–05 FK SIAD Most FC Vysočina Jihlava
2005–06 SK Kladno SK Dynamo České Budějovice
2006–07 FK Viktoria Žižkov Bohemians 1905
2007–08 Bohemians Prague FK Marila Příbram
2008–09 Bohemians 1905 FC Zenit Čáslav
2009–10 FC Hradec Králové FK Ústí nad Labem
2010–11 FK Dukla Prague FK Viktoria Žižkov
2011–12 FK Ústí nad Labem FC Vysočina Jihlava
2012–13 1. SC Znojmo Bohemians 1905
2013–14 SK Dynamo České Budějovice FC Hradec Králové
2014–15 SK Sigma Olomouc FK Varnsdorf
2015–16 MFK Karviná FC Hradec Králové
2016–17 SK Sigma Olomouc FC Baník Ostrava
2017–18 SFC Opava 1.FK Příbram
2018–19 SK Dynamo České Budějovice FC Vysočina Jihlava
2019–20 FK Pardubice FC Zbrojovka Brno
2020–21 FC Hradec Králové SK Líšeň

Teams promoted to the First League since 1993

Top scorers

All information in this table can be found at [7] except for the 2003–04 season, which is sourced from the following link. [8]

SeasonTop scorerClubGoals
1993–94 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Tibor Mičinec Benešov 18
1994–95 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Bedřich Hamsa LeRK Brno 22
1995–96 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Patrik Holomek Poštorná 16
1996–97 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Václav Koloušek Dukla Prague 18
1997–98 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Vítězslav Tuma Karviná 19
1998–99 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Patrik Holomek St. Město 18
1999–00 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Vladimír Malár St. Město 24
2000–01 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Pavel Černý Hradec Králové 17
2001–02 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Radek Drulák HFK Olomouc 16
2002–03 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Petr Švancara Opava 20
2003–04 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Tomáš Kaplan Jihlava 10
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Roman Bednář Mladá Boleslav 10
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Vojtěch Schulmeister Sigma Olomouc B 10
2004–05 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Horst Siegl Most 16
2005–06 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Petr Faldyna České Budějovice 19
2006–07 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Petr Faldyna Jihlava 15
2007–08 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Petr Faldyna Jihlava 13
2008–09 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Martin Jirouš Sokolov 18
2009–10 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Pavel Černý Hradec Králové 14
Flag of Cameroon.svg Dani Chigou Dukla Prague 14
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Karel Kroupa Tescoma Zlín 14
2010–11 Flag of Cameroon.svg Dani Chigou Dukla Prague 19
2011–12 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jiří Mlika Sokolov 19
2012–13 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Lukáš Železník Zlín 13
2013–14 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg David Vaněček Hradec Králové 17
2014–15 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Václav Vašíček Sigma Olomouc 13
2015–16 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jan Pázler Hradec Králové 17
2016–17 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jakub Plšek Sigma Olomouc 18
2017–18 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jan Pázler Hradec Králové 21
2018–19 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg David Ledecký České Budějovice 18
2019–20 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Stanislav Klobása Jihlava 17
2020–21 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jaroslav Málek Líšeň 13

Notes

  1. Due to dissolution of Czechoslovakia
  2. Union Cheb was relegated due to bankruptcy
  3. Drnovice were refused a Czech First League license so Plzeň were promoted to replace them [4]
  4. Čáslav wasn't able to play 1st liga due to financial problems. [5]
  5. Ústí wasn't able to play 1st liga due to problems with their stadium [6]

Related Research Articles

The 1996–97 Czech First League was the fourth season of top-tier football in the Czech Republic. The season saw a Czech league attendance record for a single match, as 44,120 watched the game between Boby Brno and Slavia Prague.

The 2010–11 Czech 2. Liga was the 18th season of the 2. česká fotbalová liga, the second tier of the Czech football league. The season began on 30 July 2010 and ended on 11 June 2011. The winter break was scheduled between 6 November 2010 and 5 March 2011.

The 2013–14 Czech National Football League was the 21st season of the second tier of the Czech football league, and the first full season since the league was officially renamed from the 2. fotbalová liga to the fotbalová národní liga. The season began on 26 July 2013 and finished on 4 June 2014, with a winter break between November and March.

The 2014–15 Czech National Football League is the 22nd season of the Czech Republic's second tier football league. The season started on 2 August 2014 and ran until May 2015, with a winter break between November and March.

The 2015–16 Czech National Football League is the 23rd season of the Czech Republic's second tier football league. The season starts on 1 August 2015.

The 2016–17 Czech National Football League was the 24th season of the Czech Republic's second tier football league.

The 2016–17 Czech Cup, known as the MOL Cup for sponsorship reasons, was the 24th season of the annual knockout football tournament of the Czech Republic. It began with the preliminary round on 22 July 2016 and ended with the final in May 2017. The winner of the cup gained the right to play in the group stage of the 2017–18 UEFA Europa League.

The 2017–18 Czech National Football League was the 25th season of the Czech Republic's second tier football league.

The 2017–18 Czech Cup, known as the MOL Cup for sponsorship reasons, is the 25th season of the annual knockout football tournament of the Czech Republic. It began with the preliminary round in July 2017 and is due to end with the final in May 2018. The winner of the cup will gain the right to play in the group stage of the 2018–19 UEFA Europa League.

The 2018–19 Czech National Football League was the 26th season of the Czech Republic's second tier football league. SK Dynamo České Budějovice won their third second division title, and were promoted.

The 2018–19 Czech Cup, known as the MOL Cup for sponsorship reasons, was the 26th season of the annual knockout football tournament of the Czech Republic. It began with the preliminary round in July 2018 and ended with the final in May 2019. The winner of the cup will gain the right to play in the third qualifying round of the 2019–20 UEFA Europa League.

The 2019–20 Czech First League, known as the Fortuna liga for sponsorship reasons, is the 27th season of the Czech Republic's top-tier football league. The defending champions are Slavia Prague, who won their fifth Czech title in previous season. This season is the second one with a new league structure in which 16 clubs play each other home and away, until the league is split up in championship, Europa League and relegation groups.

The 2019–20 Czech Cup, known as the MOL Cup for sponsorship reasons, was the 27th season of the annual knockout football tournament of the Czech Republic. It began with the preliminary round in 26 July 2019 and concluded with the final on 1 July 2020. The winner of the cup gained the right to play in the third qualifying round of the 2020–21 UEFA Europa League.

The 2020–21 Czech First League, known as the Fortuna liga for sponsorship reasons, is the 28th season of the Czech Republic's top-tier football for professional clubs since its establishment in 1993. Slavia Prague have won their twenty-first league title which was their fourth in the last five years. The season was initially scheduled to start on 11 July but was delayed until 21 August as a consequence of the postponement of the previous season's conclusion due to the outbreak of COVID-19. The first half of the season only had 15 rounds and finished on 19 December, while the spring half commenced on 29 January 2021, the earliest such date in league history.

The 2020–21 FC Viktoria Plzeň season was the club's 28th season in the Czech First League. The team competed in Czech First League, the Czech Cup, the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League.

The 2020–21 season is Bohemians' 28th season in the Czech First League. The team is competing in Czech First League, the Czech Cup. The season is period from 1 July 2020 until 30 June 2021.

The 2020–21 FK Jablonec season is the club's 76th season in existence and its 27th consecutive season in the top flight of Czech football. In addition to the domestic league, Jablonec participated in this season's edition of the Czech Cup and the UEFA Europa League. The season covers the period from 1 July 2020 to 30 June 2021.

The 2020–21 Czech Cup, known as the MOL Cup for sponsorship reasons, was the 28th season of the annual knockout football tournament of the Czech Republic. It began with the first round on 11 August 2020 and ended with the final in 20 May 2021. The winner of the cup gained the right to play in the third qualifying round of the 2021–22 UEFA Europa League.

The 2021–22 Czech First League, known as the Fortuna liga for sponsorship reasons, will be the 29th season of the Czech Republic's top-tier football for professional clubs since its establishment, in 1993. Slavia Prague are the reigning champions. The season is scheduled to start in July 2021. The first half of the season will have 15 rounds, finishing in December, and the other half will commence in February 2022.

References

  1. Jeřábek, Luboš (2007). Ceský a ceskoslovenský fotbal - lexikon osobností a klubu (in Czech). Prague: Grada Publishing. pp. 34–35. ISBN   978-80-247-1656-5.
  2. "Czech Republic 1997/98". RSSSF. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
  3. "Bohemians přišli o licenci, ve 2. lize končí" (in Czech). iDNES.cz. 28 February 2005. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  4. "Drnovice v první lize končí, na řadě je Plzeň" (in Czech). iDNES.cz. 14 June 2005. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  5. "Slovácko se vrací do ligy, koupilo postup od Čáslavi". denik.cz (in Czech). 10 June 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  6. Novák, Jaromír (6 June 2012). "Brno postupuje do první ligy, Ústí doplatilo na nevyhovující stadion" (in Czech). idnes.cz. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  7. Republic., Football association of Czech. "FOTBAL.CZ - Historie Fotbalové národní ligy". nv.fotbal.cz. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  8. "Czech Republic 2003/04". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 6 April 2018.