European Short Course Swimming Championships

Last updated
European Short Course Swimming Championships
Statusactive
Genresports event
Date(s)varying
Frequencyannual
Location(s)various
Inaugurated1991 (1991)
Organised by LEN

The European Short Course Swimming Championships (variously referred to informally as the "Short Course Europeans" or "European 25m Championships") are a swimming meet, organized by LEN. The meet features swimmers from Europe, competing in events in a short course (25-meter) pool. The meet has traditionally been held in the beginning of December. Annual until 2013, the event now occurs in odd years.

Contents

History

The Championships were first held in 1996, and were preceded by the "European Sprint Swimming Championships" which were held from 1991–1994. The Sprint meet featured 14 events: the 50s of the strokes, the 100 Individual Medley, and 4x50 relays (free and medley).

In 1996, the meet expanded to 38 events, adding the 100s and 200s of stroke, the 400 and 800/1500 frees, and the 200 and 400 IMs; and the name was changed to "Short Course". LEN also started numbering the championships again, such that 2011's meet was the 15th edition. [1]

In 2012, the meet expanded to 40 events: 19 for men, 19 for women, and two mixed. Of each 19, 17 are individual and 2 are relays.

Editions

Sprint championships

NumberYearHost CityCountryDatesEventsWinner of the medal tableSecond in the medal tableThird in the medal table
1 1991 Gelsenkirchen Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 6–8 December14Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
2 1992 Espoo Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 21–22 December14Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
3 1993 Gateshead Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 11–13 November20Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
4 1994 Stavanger Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 3–4 December14Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands

Short Course championships

NumberYearHost CityCountryDatesEventsWinner of the medal tableSecond in the medal tableThird in the medal table
1 1996 Rostock Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 13–15 December38Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
2 1998 Sheffield Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 11–13 December38Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
3 1999 Lisbon Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 9–12 December38Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
4 2000 Valencia Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 14–17 December38Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
5 2001 Antwerp Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 13–16 December38Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
6 2002 Riesa Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 12–15 December38Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
7 2003 Dublin Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 11–14 December38Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
8 2004 Vienna Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 9–12 December38Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
9 2005 Trieste Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy 8–11 December38Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
10 2006 Helsinki Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 7–10 December38Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of France.svg  France Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
11 2007 Debrecen Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 13–16 December38Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of France.svg  France
12 2008 Rijeka Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 11–14 December38Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of France.svg  France Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
13 2009 Istanbul Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 10–13 December38Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of France.svg  France
14 2010 Eindhoven Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 25–28 November38Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
15 2011 Szczecin Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 8–11 December38Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
16 2012 Chartres Flag of France.svg  France 22–25 November40Flag of France.svg  France Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
17 2013 Herning Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 12–15 December40Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
18 2015 Netanya Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 2–6 December40Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
19 2017 Copenhagen Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 13–17 December40Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
20 2019 Glasgow Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 4–8 December40Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
21 2021 Kazan Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 2–7 November40

Medal table (1991–2019)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)141136111388
2Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)897678243
3Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)776543185
4Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)764746169
5Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)686875211
6Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)653930134
7Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)494446139
8Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)447182197
9Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)39322899
10Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)33292587
11Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)21383695
12Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)20252570
13Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia  (SVK)197733
14Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia  (SLO)18172257
15Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)15131745
16Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia  (CRO)12151239
17Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)11161340
18Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)11141944
19Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania  (LTU)78823
20Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia/Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  Serbia and Montenegro 64414
21Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland  (ISL)62412
22Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR)592337
23Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland  (SUI)47819
24Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)391628
25Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)37818
26Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 3227
27Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)23813
28Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria  (BUL)1034
29Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia  (EST)06612
30Flag of Israel.svg  Israel  (ISR)051116
31Flag of Romania.svg  Romania  (ROU)03710
32Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey  (TUR)0235
33Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland  (IRL)0189
34Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)0134
35Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands  (FRO)0101
36Flag of Liechtenstein.svg  Liechtenstein  (LIE)0011
Totals (36 nations)8488228382508

See also

Related Research Articles

Matthew Nicholas Biondi is an American former competition swimmer, eleven-time Olympic medalist, and former world record-holder in five events. Biondi competed in the Summer Olympic Games in 1984, 1988 and 1992, winning a total of eleven medals. During his career, he set three individual world records in the 50-meter freestyle and four in the 100-meter freestyle.

Medley is a combination of four different swimming styles—backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, and freestyle—into one race. This race is either swum by one swimmer as individual medley (IM) or by four swimmers as a medley relay.

Kristin Otto East German swimmer

Kristin Otto is a German Olympic swimming champion. She is most famous for being the first woman to win six gold medals at a single Olympic Games, doing so at the 1988 Seoul Olympic games. In long course, she held the world records in the 100 meter and 200 meter freestyle events. Otto was also the first woman to swim the short course 100 meter backstroke in under a minute, doing so at an international short course meet at Indiana University in 1983.

Libby Trickett Australian swimmer

Lisbeth Constance "Libby" Trickett, OAM is a retired Australian swimmer. She was a gold medallist at the 2004 Summer Olympics, the 2008 Summer Olympics, and the 2012 Summer Olympics. She was the world record holder in the short-course (25m) 100-metre freestyle.

Federica Pellegrini Italian swimmer

Federica Pellegrini is an Italian swimmer. A native of Mirano, in the province of Venice, she holds the women's 200 m freestyle world record, and won a gold medal at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. At the 2009 World Championships in Rome, Pellegrini became the first woman ever to break the 4-minute barrier in the 400 m freestyle with a time of 3:59.15.

László Cseh Hungarian swimmer

László Cseh is a Hungarian competitive swimmer and six-time Olympic medalist. He is a 33-time European Champion. His father, László Cseh Sr., also represented Hungary at the Olympics in swimming.

Tracy Caulkins American swimmer

Tracy Anne Stockwell, OAM,, née Tracy Anne Caulkins, is an American former competition swimmer, three-time Olympic gold medalist, five-time world champion, and former world record-holder in three events.

The 1993 European Sprint Swimming Championships were held in Gateshead, United Kingdom, from 11 to 13 November. The championships were organised by the Ligue Européenne de Natation (LEN), with events held in a short course pool.

Sarah Sjöström Swedish swimmer

Sarah Fredrika Sjöström is a Swedish competitive swimmer specialized in the sprint freestyle and butterfly events. She is the current world record holder in the 50-meter freestyle, the 100-meter freestyle, the 200-meter freestyle, the 50-meter butterfly, and the 100-meter butterfly. She is the first Swedish woman to win an Olympic gold medal in swimming. She won the Overall Swimming World Cup in 2017 and 2018 and she has won 10 individual World Championship gold medals. She currently represents Energy Standard in the International Swimming League.

Hannah Miley

Hannah Louise Miley is a Scottish competitive swimmer who specialises in the Individual Medley. Miley trained when she was younger at Inverurie Swimming Centre. She has represented Great Britain at three Olympic Games, reaching the final of the 400 metres individual medley on each occasion, finishing sixth in 2008, fifth in 2012 and fourth in 2016. Also in the 400 m individual medley, she is a former World short-course champion (2012), European champion (2010), and two-time European short-course champion representing Great Britain, and a two-time Commonwealth champion representing Scotland.

Julia Smit American swimmer

Julia Elizabeth Smit is an American competition swimmer, two-time Olympic medalist, and former world record-holder in two events. She has won a total of nine medals in major international competition, six golds, two silvers, and one bronze spanning the Olympics and Pan American Games.

Katinka Hosszú Hungarian swimmer

Katinka Hosszú is a Hungarian competitive swimmer specialized in individual medley events. She is a three-time Olympic champion and a nine-time long-course world champion. She is owner of a Budapest based swim school and swim club called Iron Swim Budapest, and co-owner and captain of Team Iron, founding member of the International Swimming League.

Freestyle swimming Category of swimming competition

Freestyle is a category of swimming competition, defined by the rules of the International Swimming Federation (FINA), in which competitors are subject to few limited restrictions on their swimming stroke. Freestyle races are the most common of all swimming competitions, with distances beginning with 50 meters and reaching 1500 meters, also known as the mile. The term 'freestyle stroke' is sometimes used as a synonym for 'front crawl', as front crawl is the fastest swimming stroke. It is now the most common stroke used in freestyle competitions.

Sharon van Rouwendaal Dutch swimmer

Sharon van Rouwendaal is a Dutch swimmer and the Olympic gold medalist in the 10 km open water marathon at the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.

Siobhan-Marie OConnor British swimmer

Siobhan-Marie O'Connor is an English competitive swimmer who has represented Great Britain at the Olympic Games, the FINA World Aquatics Championships and the LEN European Aquatics Championships, and England at the Commonwealth Games. A specialist in the 200 metres individual medley, she is the 2014 Commonwealth Games champion in the event, and has won silver medals in the same event at the 2016 Summer Olympics, the 2015 World Aquatics Championships, 2016 European Aquatics Championships, the 2014 World Short-Course Championships and the 2013 and 2015 European Short Course Championships – on each occasion behind World and Olympic champion Katinka Hosszú. With six Commonwealth Games medals in total from 2014, O'Connor was England's most decorated athlete at those Games.

Katarzyna Wasick Polish swimmer

Katarzyna "Kasia" Wasick is a Polish swimmer who specializes in sprint freestyle. Wasick represented Poland at the 2008, 2012, 2016 Summer Olympic Games in Beijing, London and Rio de Janeiro as well as other international meets. She is the fastest female swimmer in Poland holding National records in the 50 and 100 freestyle.

References

  1. The most successful European short course swimmers . Press release published by LEN on 2012-12-07, retrieved 2012-03-20. (Note: The release was before the start of the 2011 meet, and references tallies for the 14 previous editions.)